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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773699

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of Tripterygium wilfordii processed with licorice on DSS-induced ulcerative colitis( UC) mice and its regulation on intestinal immune system. In this study,a DSS-induced animal model of UC mice was established,with mesalazine( Mes) as a positive drug. The pharmacodynamic effects of low( PT1) and high( PT2)doses of T. wilfordii processed with licorice were analyzed by disease activity index( DAI),colon length and colon histopathological score in mice. By detecting the expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 cytokines in the serum of mice,immunohistochemical CD3+T and Fox P3+Treg staining in the colon of mice,the anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects of T. wilfordii processed with licorice on UC mice were analyzed. The hepatotoxicity of each dose of T. wilfordii processed with licorice was also analyzed by HE staining in liver tissue of mice and ALT and AST levels in serum. The results showed that the colitis symptoms of the mice in the PT1 group and the PT2 group were alleviated,the inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced. And the expression of inflammatory factors was decreased,the difference was statistically significant compared with the model group( P<0. 05). The HE staining and ALT and AST levels in the high dose group and low dose group were not significantly different from those in the normal group. The results showed that T. wilfordii processed with licorice has the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects on UC mice,and the dose did not show significant hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Therapy , Dextran Sulfate , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773696

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to explore the dose-toxicity-effect relationship of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f( TW) processed by liquorice,to establish the safe and effective therapeutic window,and further to provide scientific reference for the clinical use of TW. The toxicity and anti-inflammatory effect of six doses of raw TW and TW processed by liquorice( 0. 78,1. 56,3. 12,6. 24,12. 48,15. 60 g·kg-1) in 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene( DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis( ACD) model were mainly examined by histopathology and serum biochemistry. The liver biochemical parameters including ALT and AST,related inflammatory factors including TNF-α and IL-2,together with liver index,kidney index and the other pharmacodynamic indicators,were examined and compared. The results showed that compared with the control group,the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-2 of the model group were significantly increased( P<0. 01),which proved that the ACD model was successful. The comprehensive analysis of liver biochemical indexes,serum inflammatory factors and the other indexes showed that the safe and effective therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was 3. 12-12. 48 g·kg-1. The results showed the therapeutic window of TW processed by liquorice was much broader than that of raw TW. And it could provide scientific reference for the clinical rational use of TW.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Blood , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 633-636, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of high-mobility group box 1 protein(HMGB1) -mediated inflammatory pathway HMGB1-Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) /nuclear transcription factor κ B(NF-κ B)on liver injury of rats induced by Tripterygium wilfordii,and to provide reference for clarify the mechanism of liver injury induced by T.wilfordii. METHODS:Totally 24 SD rats were randomly divided into blank group(normal saline,i. g. ),T. wilfordii group(16 g/kg by crude drug,i. g. )and neutralizer group(16 g/kg T. wilfordii crude drug i. g. after i. p injection of 100 mg/kg Ammonium glycyrrhizinate solution 3 h),with 8 rats in each group. All rats were treated for consecutive 3 weeks. The serum levels of AST and ALT in rats were detected every week. After the end of medication,the serum levels of HMGB1,IL-1β,IL-2 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA method;the protein expression of HMGB1,NF-κB p65 and TLR4 in liver tissue of rats were detected by Western blot assay. The pathological changes of liver tissue in rats were measured with HE staining method. RESULTS:After 3 weeks of treatment,the serum levels of AST, ALT,HMGB1,IL-1β,IL-2 and TNF-α in rats,the protein expression of HMGB1,NF-κB p65 and TLR4 in liver tissue of rats in T. wilfordii group were significantly higher than blank group and neutralizer group(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Hepatocyte edema was found around the central vein of the liver,and circular vacuoles were seen in some hepatic cytoplasm in T. wilfordii group;only varying size of vacuoles were found in a small number of cells in neutralizer group. CONCLUSIONS:T. wilfordii induced liver injury may be associated with the activation of HMGB1-TLR4/NF-κB inflammation pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673072

ABSTRACT

Multi-Efficacy of One Drug (MEOD) refers to the traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) with diverse efficacies.MEOD,one of the important characteristics of TCM,is regarded as the basis of clinical rational drug use.However,there have been few reports on the MEOD research so far.In this paper,with rhubarb selected as a typical model drug,metabolomics and network pharmacology analysis are integrated to investigate the mechanisms of MEOD with the employment of the two animal models of constipation and jaundice.Then,the biological target network of MEOD is established for promoting the precision of the quality control and clinical use of TCM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275490

ABSTRACT

A typical clinical case of taking Dictamni Cortex(Baixianpi) powder was analyzed to study liver damage caused by Dictamni Cortex. Liver damage was diagnosed according to the integrated evidence chain method recommended by the Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Herb-Induced Liver Injury. By analyzing clinical history and biochemistry and imaging examinations, underlying diseases, such as viral hepatitis, autoimmune liver disease and alcoholic liver disease, were excluded. Through the investigation of medication history, we made it clear that the patient only took Dictamni Cortex powder during the period, and thus suspected that the liver injury was induced by Dictamni Cortex. Furthermore, the quality of the drug was tested, and the results showed it was consistent with the quality standard of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. DNA barcoding showed that the drug was 100% similar with Dictamnus dasycarpus. Moreover, exogenous harmful substances and chemical drug additions were tested, and the results showed that the content of heavy metal, pesticide residues and microbial toxin were consistent with the required standards, and no chemical drug additions were found in Agilent Fake TCM-Drugs database. In summary, we confirmed that the clinical case of drug-induced liver injury was induced by D. dasycarpus with the dose of 15 g•d⁻¹, which exceeded the prescribed amount of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. According to the Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Herb-Induced Liver Injury, the case of drug-induced liver injury induced by D. dasycarpus was confirmed, which provided a direct and reliable evidence for the study of risk of liver injury induced by D. dasycarpus and its relevant preparations.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 311-318, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256753

ABSTRACT

Although oxymatrine (OMT) has been shown to directly inhibit the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV), limited research has been done with this drug. In the present study, the antiviral effect of OMT was investigated in an immunocompetent mouse model of chronic HBV infection. The infection was achieved by tail vein injection of a large volume of DNA solution. OMT (2.2, 6.7 and 20 mg/kg) was administered by daily intraperitoneal injection for 6 weeks. The efficacy of OMT was evaluated by the levels of HBV DNA, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg). The immunoregulatory activity of OMT was evaluated by serum ELISA and flow cytometry. Results shows that OMT at 20 mg/kg inhibited HBV replication, and it was more efficient than entecavir (ETV) in the elimination of serum HBsAg and intrahepatic HBcAg. In addition, OMT accelerated the production of interferon-(IFN-) in a dose-dependent manner in CD4T cells. Our findings demonstrate the beneficial effects of OMT on the enhancement of immunological function and in the control of HBV antigens. The findings suggest this drug to be a good antiviral therapeutic candidate for the treatment of HBV infection.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812548

ABSTRACT

Aconite is a valuable drug and also a toxic material, which can be used only after detoxification processing. Although traditional processing methods can achieve detoxification effect as desired, there are some obvious drawbacks, including a significant loss of alkaloids and poor quality consistency. It is thus necessary to develop a new detoxification approach. In the present study, we designed a novel one-step detoxification approach by quickly drying fresh-cut aconite particles. In order to evaluate the technical advantages, the contents of mesaconitine, aconitine, hypaconitine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconine, benzoylhypaconine, neoline, fuziline, songorine, and talatisamine were determined using HPLC and UHPLC/Q-TOF-MS. Multivariate analysis methods, such as Clustering analysis and Principle component analysis, were applied to determine the quality differences between samples. Our results showed that traditional processes could reduce toxicity as desired, but also led to more than 85.2% alkaloids loss. However, our novel one-step method was capable of achieving virtually the same detoxification effect, with only an approximately 30% alkaloids loss. Cluster analysis and Principal component analysis analyses suggested that Shengfupian and the novel products were significantly different from various traditional products. Acute toxicity testing showed that the novel products achieved a good detoxification effect, with its maximum tolerated dose being equivalent to 20 times of adult dosage. And cardiac effect testing also showed that the activity of the novel products was stronger than that of traditional products. Moreover, particles specification greatly improved the quality consistency of the novel products, which was immensely superior to the traditional products. These results would help guide the rational optimization of aconite processing technologies, providing better drugs for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Toxicity , Alkaloids , Toxicity , Animals , Cardiovascular Agents , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Toxicity , Desiccation , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Toxicity , Male , Maximum Tolerated Dose , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1077-1084, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779697

ABSTRACT

In this study, rats were used to evaluate the effect of Radix glycyrrhiza on reducing liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii. Metabonomics techniques were used to analyze the changes of small molecular metabolites and the metabolic pathways involved in the beneficial process. Different groups of rats were given for the extractions from Tripterygium wilfordii and Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhiza. The general state, pathological changes of liver tissue, biochemical indexes of liver function and the changes of inflammatory factors in rats were observed. The results showed that the liver tissue injury of Tripterygium wilfordii group was significant, and the injury was reduced by Radix glycyrrhiza. Biochemical indexes and inflammatory factors also suggested that Tripterygium wilfordii together with Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity. HPLC-MS/MS-IT-TOF was used to characterize the difference of serum metabolism in rats. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to screen 15 potential biomarkers, such as fatty acid, glycerol ester, glycerol phosphate, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. It mainly involved in 7 metabolic pathways, such as glycerol phospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, alpha linoleic acid metabolism, and glycosyl phosphatidylinositol terminal biosynthesis. The results showed that the Tripterygium wilfordii compatibility of Radix glycyrrhizaeffectively decreased the liver toxicity induced by Tripterygium wilfordii. Phospholipid metabolism may be the key metabolic pathway of Tripterygium wilfordii hepatotoxicity and the target of Radix glycyrrhiza. This study provides a reference for the control of liver toxicity of Tripterygium wilfordii.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1033-1040, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779691

ABSTRACT

On basis of the idiosyncratic lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-mediated hepatotoxicity model, liver injury induced by Zhuangguguanjie wan(ZGW)was evaluated, and the mechanism was explored. Idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity model was established in rats by injecting LPS at a dosage of 2.8 mg·kg-1. Rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, LPS group, ZGW group and LPS+ZGW group. Alanine aminotransferase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)activities were analyzed in serum; pathological changes(HE staining)and the content of cytokines of liver were tested; and immune cell subpopulation ration were determined in blood and liver. Compared with the control group, the ZGW group and LPS group had no significant changes in ALT, AST and liver pathology(P> 0.05); while the ZGW+LPS group exhibited an elevation in ALT and AST(P< 0.05). Disorder of liver lobular arrangement and irregular island-like or massive necrosis of liver cells were observed in the group. Several cytokines in the liver were increased in LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P< 0.05 or P< 0.01), and the level in ZGW+LPS group was higher than that of LPS group. Compared with the control group, the ratio of CD3+ T cell/lymphocyte of blood in LPS group was significantly decreased(P< 0.01); while the percentage of CD3+ T cells in the liver were significantly increased(P< 0.05). The contents of immune cells of blood had no significant changes between LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P> 0.05). CD3+ T cell in the liver of ZGW+LPS group was significantly increased over the LPS group(P< 0.05). Aggregation or activity of CD3+ T cell was increased by ZGW combined with LPS. These results suggest that ZGW could promote T lymphocyte recruitment to liver under the immune activation state leading to inflammatory response, which may contribute to idiosyncratic liver injury.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230040

ABSTRACT

According to different toxicities of various aqueous extracts of Polygonum multiflorum on hepatocyte, the impacts of chemical composition on the safety of P. multiforum was studied. In this study, 8 main chemical compositions in aqueous extracts of P. multiflorum were determined by the established HPLC method; at the same time, the inhibition ratios of different aqueous extracts of P. multiflorum on L02 cell were determined. Afterwards, the potential compounds related to the toxicity of P. multiforum were tentatively found through a multiple correlation analysis. The results showed that P. multiforum with different chemical compositions exhibited great differences in dissolution. The hepatocyte toxicity of P. multiflorum powder was much greater than P. multiflorum lumps. In addition, three constituents closely related to toxicity of P. multiflorum were found by multiple correlation analysis. The study revealed that chemical composition of P. multiflorum is closely related to the hepatotoxicity, and the hepatotoxicity of P. multiflorum powder is greater than that of other dosage forms. This study indicates that P. multiflorum with different chemical compositions show varying toxicity, which therefore shall be given high attention.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307108

ABSTRACT

The protective action and the relevant mechanism of Liuwei Wuling tablet on acute alcoholic hepatic injury in mice were investigated. All the C57BL/6 mice were divided randomly into 7 groups including blank, model, bifendate (150 mg•kg⁻¹, positive control) and experimental groups consisted of extremely low dose (0.1 g•kg⁻¹), low (0.5 g•kg⁻¹), upper (4 g•kg⁻¹) and high dose (8 g•kg⁻¹) of Liuwei Wuling tablet groups. The acute liver injury model was induced by modified method that the model, positive control and experimental groups were orally administrated 56% alcohol (6 g•kg⁻¹) twice at 12 hour intervals on the fifth day after drugs administration. After 12 hours, the mice were sacrificed to contribute blood and liver for biochemical and histological examinations. Compared with the model, the activities of ALT and AST in serum decreased significantly in different Liuwei Wuling tablet groups. Meanwhile, in liver tissue, the levels of TG, MDA, TNF-α and IL-1β reduced obviously while the GSH and SOD activities showed markedly increase with a dose-dependent manner. Correspondingly, the microscopically pathological differences of the liver tissue observed by HE and oil red O staining indicated that the liver cell swelling, hydropic degeneration and lipid droplets formation induced by alcohol were significantly improved, which suggested the Liuwei Wuling tablet can reduce the liver injure. In conclusion, the Liuwei Wuling tablet had the protective effect on acute alcoholic hepatic injury which maybe depended on the mechanism of relieving lipid peroxidation, elevating antioxidant enzymes activity, inhibiting oxidative stress and reducing inflammation factors expression.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812555

ABSTRACT

Anti-influenza Chinese herbal medicines (anti-flu CHMs) have advantages in preventing and treating influenza virus infection. Despite various data on antiviral activities of some anti-flu CHMs have been reported, most of them could not be compared using the standard evaluation methods for antiviral activity. This situation poses an obstacle to a wide application of anti-flu CHMs. Thus, it was necessary to develop an evaluation method to estimate antiviral activities of anti-flu CHMs. In the present study, we searched for anti-flu CHMs, based on clinic usage, to select study objects from commonly-used patented anti-flu Chinese medicines. Then, a neuraminidase-based bioassay, optimized and verified by HPLC method by our research group, was adopted to detect antiviral activities of selected 26 anti-flu CHMs. Finally, eight of these herbs, including Coptidis Rhizoma, Isatidis Folium, Lonicerae Flos, Scutellaria Radix, Cyrtomium Rhizome, Houttuynia Cordata, Gardeniae Fructus, and Chrysanthemi Indici Flos, were shown to have strong antiviral activities with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC) values being 2.02 to 6.78 mg·mL (expressed as raw materials). In contrast, the IC value of positive control peramivir was 0.38 mg·mL. Considering the extract yields of CHMs, the active component in these herbs may have a stronger antiviral activity than peramivir, suggesting that these herbs could be further researched for active compounds. Moreover, the proposed neuraminidase-based bioassay was high-throughput and simple and could be used for evaluation and screening of anti-flu CHMs as well as for their quality control.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Influenza, Human , Drug Therapy , Virology , Neuraminidase , Metabolism , Orthomyxoviridae , Physiology , Viral Proteins , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320804

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) dispensing is the final step of TCM used for clinical treatment, the stability of TCM dispensing is the guarantee of good clinical effect. Establishment of effect-constituent equivalence for Chinese herbal pieces based on clinical efficacy, can not only guarantee the stability of TCM dispensing, but also relate to the precision of clinical effect. This study chose Coptidis Rhizoma as the model, established effect-constituent equivalence of Coptidis Rhizoma, based on the effect-constituent index already established by our research group, and taking into consideration of homogeneity of clinical dosage and compliance of decoction, the uniformity of dispensing for different specification of Coptidis Rhizoma decoction pieces was studied. This research model was then applied to guide the specification-optimization of Coptidis Rhizoma and its clinical dispensing. The result indicated, effective constituent equivalence could reflect the fluctuation of specification, dosage and decoction to the fluctuation of efficacy; Optimized Coptidis Rhizoma decoction pieces had the characteristic of high homogeneity as for clinical dispensing, good compliance as for decoction, and high effective constituent equivalence. In conclusion, effective constituent equivalence could improve relevance of methods of TCM dispensing control to clinical effect. Preparated Superior-standard Decoction Pieces based on effective constituent equivalence was featured by good quality and a good practice of adjustable dosage, which could promote the development of TCM decoction pieces toward precision medicine.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Coptis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Therapeutic Equivalency
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330356

ABSTRACT

In vitro neuraminidase inhibition assays and ultrafiltration liquid chromatography with diodearray detector coupled to time of flight mass spectrometer (UPLC-DAD-TOF-MS) were combined to screen bioactive compounds inhibiting neuraminidase from Isatidis Radix. By comparing the compounds from Isatidis Radix before and after ultrafiltration, we found that arginine, goitrin and adenosinea can bind with neuraminidase, and the binding degree of the three compounds were (36.23 +/- 1.12)%, (32.54 +/- 1.02)% and (9.38 +/- 0.47)%, respectively. The IC50 of arginine and goitrin were (1.16 +/- 0.02), (1.20 +/- 0.02) g x L(-1), respectively. While the IC50 of adenosinea was higher than 500 g x L(-1). The results showed that arginine and goitrin might be the main compounds with antiviral activity of Isatidis Radix. This study may provide a useful method for the screening of bioactive compounds and quality control of Isatidis Radix.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Arginine , Pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Isatis , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Neuraminidase , Metabolism , Orthomyxoviridae , Oxazolidinones , Pharmacology , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Ultrafiltration , Viral Proteins , Metabolism
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 385-391, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245072

ABSTRACT

This study aims at trying to establish a novel method of sterility test for injections based on biothermodynamics, in order to overcome the deficiencies of routine sterility tests such as long detecting cycle, low sensitivity and prone to misjudgments. A biothermodynamics method was adopted to rapidly detect the microorganism contamination of injections by monitoring the heat metabolism during the growth of microbe. The growth rate equal to or greater than zero and the heat power difference of P(i) and P(0) with three folds higher than the noise of baseline were chosen as indexes to study the heat change rule of microbe. In this way, the effectiveness of the new method to detect strains required by conventional sterility test or in injection samples was also investigated. Results showed that the Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi demanded by sterility testing methodology could be detected by biothermodynamics method within 10 hours, with the sensitivity lower than 100 CFU x mL(-1). Meanwhile, this method was successfully applied to the sterility test of Compound Yinchen injection (FFYC), Shuanghuanglian powder injection (SHL) and Compound Triamcinolone injection (TAND) which were sterilized with different degrees. Therefore, the biothermodynamics method, with advantages of fast detection and high sensitivity, could be a complementary solution for conventional sterility tests.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fungi , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Hot Temperature , Injections , Microbiological Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sterilization , Triamcinolone , Chemistry
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 695-700, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245025

ABSTRACT

The study is to report the establishment of a method of screening the antitumor compounds based on the dynamic bio-response profile of cells to make up for the shortages of conventional end-point tests such as tedious operation and low sensitivity. Based on the principle of electric impedance of cells, the real-time cell electronic sensing (RT-CES) system was used to monitor the effect of epirubicin (EPI), cisplatinum (DDP) and carboplatin (CBP) on the growth of HepG2 cells, with the cell index (CI), half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) and detachment curve as evaluation indexes. Meanwhile, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and microscopy were applied for verification. The results showed that CI curve could sensitively real-time profile the inhibitory effect of model drugs on HepG2 cells. The IC50 of EPI, DDP and CBP were 0.53 +/- 0.04, 9.79 +/- 0.26 and 597.00 +/- 3.79 microg x mL(-1), respectively. What's more, the significant differences of detachment curves of the three drugs indicated that their functional mechanisms might be different, this is consistent with the literature. The RT-CES system with non-invasive, label-free and real-time characteristics could be used to monitor the bio-response profile of the three drugs to HepG2 cells, allowing to qualitatively and quantitatively distinguish the antitumor activities of the three drugs, and could be a complementary method for the present screening of antitumor compounds.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Biosensing Techniques , Methods , Cell Count , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Electric Impedance , Humans
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812252

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To investigate the cytotoxic effects of the six protoberberine alkaloids (PAs) from Rhizoma Coptidis on HepG2 cells.@*METHOD@#A systematic screening was conducted to investigate the dynamic response of HepG2 cells to the PAs using the impedance-based xCELLigence system. Cisplatin was selected as the positive control. The real time, concentration-response curves and the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) were acquired to evaluate the anticancer activity of the PAs.@*RESULTS@#All of the six PAs inhibited cell growth and induce death in HepG2 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 values of cisplatin, berberine, columbamine, coptisine, epiberberine, jatrorrhizine, and palmatine were 5.13, 42.33, 226.54, 36.90, 302.72, 383.54, and 456.96 μg·mL(-1), respectively. The results obtained using the xCELLigence system corresponded well with those of the conventional methods.@*CONCLUSION@#The xCELLigence system is a reliable and efficient tool for real-time screening of the cytotoxic effect of compounds in cell-based in vitro assays. Coptisine and berberine, with methylenedioxy group at C2 and C3 on the phenyl ring showed stronger effect.than the other four PAs. However, compared with cisplatin, the six PAs didn't show obvious cytotoxic effect on HepG2 cells. These results provided some useful data for the evaluation of the anticancer compounds, and the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Berberine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Berberine Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Death , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Coptis , Chemistry , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Electric Impedance , Hep G2 Cells , Hepatoblastoma , Drug Therapy , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy , Rhizome , Chemistry
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1590-1594, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298039

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to investigate the effect of lamivudine on growth and metabolism of three intestinal characteristic bacteria (namely, Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Escherichia coli and Shigella dysenteriae). The growth condition of the three bacteria was quantitatively evaluated by microcalorimetry with four characteristic parameters of the thermal power-time curves, including the growth rate constant (k), thermal power (p), time to peak (t) and calorific value (Q). The results showed that the IC50 value of lamivudine on B. adolescentis was 200 microg x mL(-1), and the IC50 values of lamivudine on S. dysenteriae and E. coli were higher than 3 000 microg x mL(-1) and 6 000 microg x mL(1), respectively. Therefore, lamivudine made different inhibitory effects on the three bacteria, in which the B. adolescentis was most susceptible to lamivudine. This work showed that taking lamivudine chronically is likely to affect the balance of good flora in the intestinal tract, and might increase endotoxin release, leading to inflammation and disease progression in hepatopathy.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bifidobacterium , Calorimetry , Escherichia coli , Lamivudine , Pharmacology , Shigella dysenteriae
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