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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 769-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985821

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the transanal multipoint full-layer puncture biopsy (TMFP) technique in determining the residual status of cancer foci after neoadjuvant therapy (nCRT) in rectal cancer. Methods: Between April 2020 and November 2022, a total of 78 patients from the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University with advanced rectal cancer received TMFP after nCRT participated in this prospective multicenter trial. There were 53 males and 25 females, aged (M(IQR)) 61 (13) years (range: 35 to 77 years). The tumor distance from the anal verge was 5 (3) cm (range: 2 to 10 cm). The waiting time between nCRT and TMFP was 73 (26) days (range: 33 to 330 days). 13-point transanal puncture was performed with a 16 G tissue biopsy needle with the residual lesion as the center. The specimens were submitted for independent examination and the complications of the puncture were recorded. The consistency of TMFP and radical operation specimen was compared. The consistency of TMPF with clinical remission rates for the diagnosis of complete pathological remission was compared by sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy. Statistical analysis between groups was performed using the χ2 analysis, and a paired χ2 test was used to compare diagnostic validity. Results: Before TMFP, clinical complete response (cCR) was evaluated in 27 cases. Thirty-six cases received in vivo puncture, the number of punctures in each patient was 13 (8) (range: 4 to 20), 24 cases of tumor residue were found in the puncture specimens. The sensitivity to judgment (100% vs. 60%, χ2=17.500, P<0.01) and accuracy (88.5% vs. 74.4%, χ2=5.125, P=0.024) of TMFP for the pathologic complete response (pCR) were significantly higher than those of cCR. Implement TMFP based on cCR judgment, the accuracy increased from 74.4% to 92.6% (χ2=4.026, P=0.045). The accuracy of the in vivo puncture was 94.4%, which was 83.3% of the in vitro puncture (χ2=1.382, P=0.240). Overall, the accuracy of TMFP improved gradually with an increasing number of cases (χ2=7.112, P=0.029). Conclusion: TMFP is safe and feasible, which improves the sensitivity and accuracy of rectal cancer pCR determination after nCRT, provides a pathological basis for cCR determination, and contributes to the safe development of the watch and wait policy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the incidence and treatment of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in Hubei Province. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 7 474 patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms in 62 hospitals in 15 cities (state) of Hubei Province in 2019 were collected in the form of network database. There were 4 749 males and 2 725 females. The median age of the patients was 62 years (range: 17 to 96 years). The hemoglobin value of the first time in hospital and the first day after operation was used as the criterion of preoperative anemia and postoperative anemia. Anemia was defined as male hemoglobin <120 g/L and female hemoglobin <110.0 g/L, mild anemia as 90 to normal, moderate anemia as 60 to <90 g/L, severe anemia as <60 g/L. The t test and χ2 test were used for inter-group comparison. Results: The overall incidence of preoperative anemia was 38.60%(2 885/7 474), and the incidences of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 25.09%(1 875/7 474), 11.37%(850/7 474) and 2.14%(160/7 474), respectively. The overall incidence of postoperative anemia was 61.40%(4 589/7 474). The incidence of mild anemia, moderate anemia and severe anemia were 48.73%(3 642/7 474), 12.20%(912/7 474) and 0.47%(35/7 474), respectively. The proportion of preoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 26.86% (775/2 885), and the proportion of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment was 14.93% (685/4 589). The proportions of preoperative anemia patients in grade ⅢA, grade ⅢB, and grade ⅡA hospitals receiving treatment were 26.12% (649/2 485), 32.32% (85/263), and 29.93% (41/137), and the proportions of postoperative anemia patients receiving treatment were 14.61% (592/4 052), 22.05% (73/331), and 9.71% (20/206). The proportion of intraoperative blood transfusion (16.74% (483/2 885) vs. 3.05% (140/4 589), χ²=434.555, P<0.01) and the incidence of postoperative complications (17.78% (513/2 885) vs. 14.08% (646/4 589), χ²=18.553, P<0.01) in the preoperative anemia group were higher than those in the non-anemia group, and the postoperative hospital stay in the preoperative anemia group was longer than that in the non-anemia group ((14.1±7.3) days vs. (13.3±6.2) days, t=5.202, P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of perioperative anemia in patients with gastrointestinal neoplasms is high. Preoperative anemia can increase the demand for intraoperative blood transfusion and affect the short-term prognosis of patients. At present, the concept of standardized treatment of perioperative anemia among gastrointestinal surgeons in Hubei Province needs to be improved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia/epidemiology , Blood Transfusion , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 637-640, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357172

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of total colonic exclusion plus side to side antiperistaltic ileorectal anastomosis in the treatment for elderly patients with slow transit constipation (STC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 13 patients with severe idiopathic STC undergoing the above novel procedure in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University between May 2009 and September 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The Wexner constipation score and gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI) before and 6 months after operation were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 8 female and 5 male patients, with a mean age of 74 years (range 63-82 years). No procedure-related deaths or any serious complication occurred. The length of follow-up ranged from 6 to 29 months (median,12 months). The duration of surgery was (55±4) min. Blood loss was (30±2) ml. The postoperative hospital stay ranged 10 to 16 days (mean 11.4 days). The first bowel movement occurred in the 4th day (range 2nd-8th day) after operation. There was no intestinal occlusion and anastomotic leakage that required surgery in all the patients. No fecal incontinence or constipation recurrence was found. One patient developed blind loop syndrome 14 months after operation. Postoperative complications included incision fat liquefaction in 2 cases, anorectal bearing-down while bowel movement in 2 cases, and minor defecate difficulty needed glycerin enema in 1 case. Wexner scores was significantly improved from 22.8±3.3 before operation to 5.4±2.1 six months after operation (P<0.05). GQLI was significantly increased from 93.6±20.5 before operation to 120.8±13.0 six months after operation (P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, the outcome was excellent in 11 patients and good in 2 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Total colonic exclusion plus side to side antiperistaltic ileorectal anastomosis is easy, safe and effective in the treatment for selected elderly patients with STC.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Colon , General Surgery , Constipation , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 949-956, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342268

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This review discusses the current status and progress in studies on fulminant Clostridium difficile colitis (FCDC), including the definition, risk factor, diagnostic role of CT, surgical treatment, postoperative mortality, and new therapeutic strategy.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>A literature search was conducted mainly in Medline and PubMed published in English between January 2000 and May 2011. The search terms were "ulminant Clostridium difficile colitis" "reatment", "urgery" and "ortality"</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Recent studies show that the overall mortality rate for FCDC remains high despite early surgical intervention. It has been difficult to identify the real value for surgical intervention in patients with FCDC due to the absence of prospective, randomized studies. Early recognition of patients with FCDC will help a clinician decide the need for treatment in an intensive care setting, multi-disciplinary consultation, and appropriate therapeutic selection. Some studies emphasize the importance of early recognition and emergent surgery at a less severe stage. Monoclonal antibody therapy and intravenous immunoglobulin treatment may be useful for the treatment of FCDC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Present studies do not provide strong evidence for guiding the surgical treatment of FCDC; hence, creation of collaborative research networks is crucial in order to undertake large prospective multi-center studies for improvement in overall survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Therapeutic Uses , Clostridium Infections , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Clostridioides difficile , Virulence , Immunoglobulins , Therapeutic Uses
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1256-1260, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312312

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(MSC)with the acellular dermal matrix(ADM) biological patch for the treatment of external anal sphincter injury on the animal models.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty Wistar rats with sphincter injury were randomly divided into three groups. Group A underwent end to end sphincteric repair directly, group B underwent end to end repair and then covered by ADM patch, and group C underwent end to end repair and then covered by ADM which was previously seeded with MSC. After six weeks, the whole ring specimens including anal canal and lower rectum were removed. The hematoxylin and eosin stain and Masson trichrome stain were performed to observe the change of histomorphology.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two weeks later, the majority of rat models presented with moist anus and crissum with loose stools, which indicated that the model was established successfully. Six weeks after repair, in group A and B, the suffusion of fibrous connective tissue and the infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed at the repair site of sphincter. And lots of collagen fiber which was stained into blue deposited dispersedly at the site of repair with no obvious proliferation of capillaries. However, in group C, the blue collagenous fiber which deposited at the sphincter injury site was less than that in groups A and B. Muscle fibers were observed to be stained into red distributed dispersedly at the repair site of sphincter in group C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transplantation of ADM biological patch rich in bone MSC can partly improve the regeneration of rat injured anal sphincter and lessen the formation of cicatrix.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acellular Dermis , Anal Canal , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Bone Marrow , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Rats, Wistar , Wound Healing
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 419-421, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237107

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility and functional outcome of antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy in colorectal reconstruction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-six patients who underwent antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy were retrospectively studied. Indications for antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy included slow transit constipation(n=44), synchronous colon cancer or colonic polyps(n=5), acute obstructing left colon carcinoma(n=4), and adult megacolon(n=3).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Short-term postoperative complications included wound infections(n=5), 3 lymphatic leakages(n=3), and inflammatory small bowel obstruction(n=1). One month after antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy, the median frequency of daily bowel movement was 4.0(range, 2-6). After a median follow-up of 4 years(range, 1 month to 7 years), the median daily bowel frequency was 2.5(range, 0.5-4.0). Five patients suffered from long-term postoperative complications including small bowel obstruction(n=3), incision hernia(n=1), and mild cecal dilatation(n=1). The mean Wexner incontinence score was 4.2±1.1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy is safe and effective for colorectal reconstruction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Cecum , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 286-288, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266355

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the association between polymorphism of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)1498 C/T,936 C/T and colorectal adenoma genetic susceptibility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study of 224 colorectal adenomas and 200 controls was conducted and VEGF genotypes were determined based on TaqMan-probe assay. The epidemiological factors were collected through questionnaire. Accordingly, the clinicopathological data of each sample were also investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The carriage of 936 CT and CT+TT genotypes had significantly higher risk of colorectal adenoma (CT vs. CC, OR=2.00, 95% CI: 1.23-3.25, P=0.006; CT+TT vs. CC, OR=2.04, 95% CI:1.28-3.26, P=0.003). 936-T allele carriage had increased risk of colorectal adenoma (OR=1.91, 95% CI:1.25-2.91, P=0.003). The genotypes of 1498 C/T and the frequency of C/T allele showed no differences between healthy persons and patients (P>0.05). In patients with 936 CT+TT and 936-T allele implied a tendency of villous adenoma category (CT+TT vs. CC, OR=2.54, 95% CI:1.12-5.75, P=0.040; T allele vs. C allele, OR=3.08, 95% CI, 1.64-5.80, P=0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VEGF 936 C/T polymorphism can influence susceptibility to colorectal adenoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenoma , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1849-1851, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291015

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinical outcome and quality of life of subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy and total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (TAC-IRA) in patients with severe slow transit constipation (STC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Of the 56 patients enrolled in this study from January 1999 to June 2008, 32 cases underwent subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy, and 20 patients underwent TAC-IRA. The patients' clinical characteristics, operative data, postoperative outcome, functional result and gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI) survey were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 1-7 years (median, 4 years). The basic clinical characteristics between the two groups was comparable. During the follow-up period, the number of daily bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was significantly fewer than that in TAC-IRA group (2.5+/-0.8 vs. 3.4+/-0.8; P=0.000). The Wexner continence score was significantly lower in subtotal colectomy group (4.4+/-1.6 vs. 5.8+/-1.9; P=0.011), and the GIQLI score in subtotal colectomy group was significantly higher than that in the TAC-IRA group (120.7+/-7.5 vs. 111.1+/-12.0; P=0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy appeared to be the superior treatment than the TAC-IRA for selected patients with slow transit constipation for improved functional outcomes and quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Cecum , General Surgery , Colectomy , Methods , Constipation , General Surgery , Ileum , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 548-550, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326581

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy between subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy and total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (TAC-IRA) for patients with severe refractory slow transit constipation(STC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During 1999 to 2002, TAC-IRA was the preferred procedure for 20 STC patients in our department. From 2003 to 2005, 17 STC patients underwent subtotal colectomy plus antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy. Clinical data of the two groups were collected and compared retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in basic preoperative clinical data between the two groups. During the follow-up period, the time of daily defecation in the antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy group was less than that of TAC-IRA group (2.4+/-0.9 vs 3.4+/-0.8, P=0.0014), meanwhile the Wexner continence score was significantly lower in the antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy group (4.3+/-1.8 vs 5.8+/-1.9, P=0.0223). Barium enema after subtotal colectomy showed that residual ascending colon and cecum presented a sign of "reservoir".</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy is a better method for appropriately selected patients with STC than TAC-IRA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cecum , General Surgery , Colectomy , Methods , Colon , General Surgery , Constipation , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1041-1043, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340865

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the long-term results after subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy in idiopathic chronic slow-transit constipation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between January 2003 and February 2004, 14 patients with chronic slow-transit constipation and 2 patients with mixed constipation underwent subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy. The following information was collected during follow-up (mean 3 years): number of bowel movement, stool consistency, complications, quality of life and degree of satisfaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no mortality or major postoperative complications. One month after the operation, bowel frequency was a mean of 4 daily, with a semi-liquid stool consistency. After 3 years, bowel frequency was a mean of 2 daily, with a semi-solid stool consistency. Although no patient used antidiarrheal medicine, laxatives continued to be used by one case with mixed chronic constipation. All patients reported a good or improved quality of life and satisfied with the results. Two patients developed adhesive ileus post operation. There was no diarrhea or incontinence occurred during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Subtotal colectomy with end-to-end antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy for appropriately selected patients with slow-transit constipation results in consistent relief of constipation and satisfactory outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cecum , General Surgery , Colectomy , Methods , Constipation , General Surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Gastroenterostomy , Methods , Rectum , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676643

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and the relation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)and matrix metal proteinase-2(MMP-2)in rectal cancer and evaluate their roles in rectal carcinogen- esis and development.Methods The expression of VEGF and MMP-2 in 52 cases of rectal cancer was de- tected by immunohistochemical SP technique.12 cases normal rectal tissue served as the control group.Re- suits The expression of VEGF in rectal carcinoma(67.3 %)was much higher than that in control group(P

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 242-246, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283538

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the transcription level and protein expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF in SW480 cell line and colorectal adenocarcinoma, and to determine whether HIF-1alpha plays a role in angiogenesis through its regulation of VEGF.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HIF-1alpha mRNA expression was analyzed by in situ hybridization. HIF-1alpha and VEGF protein expressions were determined by immunochemical streptavidin/peroxidase (SP) in SW480 cells and colorectal carcinoma tissue samples and Western blot, using proteins extracted from SW480 cells. Tumor tissue microvessel density (MVD) was determined by CD34 immunostaining of colorectal carcinomas.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of HIF-1alpha mRNA changed significantly in response to different oxygen concentrations and an addition of genistein in SW480 cells. Immunocytochemistry revealed that the levels of HIF-1alpha, VEGF protein expression in SW480 cells were significantly higher under hypoxia than those in nomoxia (P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively). However, addition of genistein, an inhibitor of HIF-1alpha, suppressed such responses to hypoxia. Western blot analysis showed that SW480 cells exposed to hypoxia expressed a high level of HIF-1alpha protein, compared to a weak expression in nomoxia. The addition of genistein in hypoxia suppressed the over-expression of HIF-1alpha. The positive rates of HIF-1alpha mRNA by in situ hybridization in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas were 38.9% (7/18) and 67.7% (42/62), respectively. The percentage of HIF-1alpha mRNA positive cells varied significantly from colorectal adenomas to adenocarcinomas at different Duke stages (P < 0.05), and HIF-1alpha mRNA was higher in adenocarcinomas than in adenomas (P < 0.01). The positive rates of HIF-1alpha and VEGF protein expression in adenocarcinomas were 43.5% (27/62) and 37.1% (23/62), respectively. The expression of VEGF elevated as the Duke tumor staging increased. The conformation rate of HIF-1alpha and VEGF was 74.2% (46/62). MVD was significantly higher in HIF-1alpha and/or VEGF positive tumors than those without (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05 respectively). Among the four groups, i.e. HIF-1alpha+/VEGF+, HIF-1alpha+/VEGF-, HIF-1alpha+/VEGF- and HIF-1alpha-/VEGF-, the difference of MVD was highly significant (P < 0.01). HIF-1alpha expression was correlated significantly with VEGF expression and microvessel density.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These findings suggest hypoxia induces the expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF in colorectal adenocarcinoma. HIF-1alpha may play an important role in angiogenesis and tumor progression by regulating the expression of VEGF in human colorectal carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Microcirculation , Pathology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1541-1546, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291884

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), a transcription factor, is overexpressed in common human cancers and their metastases. This study aimed at determining the expression levels of HIF-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in SW480 cells and in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissue and ascertaining whether HIF-1alpha and VEGF play important roles in tumor angiogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HIF-1alpha mRNA expression was analyzed using in situ hybridization and RT-PCR. HIF-1alpha and VEGF protein were detected in SW480 cells and colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemistry using streptavidin/peroxidase (SP). Western blot was used to detect HIF-1alpha protein extracted from SW480 cells. Microvessel density (MVD) in colorectal carcinomas was determined by anti-CD34 immunostaining in colorectal carcinomas.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Optical density values representing HIF-1alpha mRNA expression levels were found to be significantly higher in SW480 cells in hypoxic conditions than in cells under normoxic conditions (P < 0.05) or in hypoxic conditions but treated with genistein (P < 0.05). The levels of HIF-1alpha and VEGF protein expression in SW480 cells were significantly higher in the hypoxia group than in the normoxia group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively) and hypoxia/genistein group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively). The positive expression rates of HIF-1alpha mRNA changed dramatically when comparing colorectal adenomas with adenocarcinomas of different Dukes' stages (P < 0.05). HIF-1alpha mRNA was also expressed at higher levels in adenocarcinomas than that in adenomas (P < 0.01). HIF-1alpha protein expression correlated significantly with VEGF protein expression and MVD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hypoxia induces the expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF in colorectal adenocarcinomas. HIF-1alpha may play an important role in angiogenesis and tumor progression by regulating the expression of VEGF in human colorectal carcinomas.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Physiology , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Physiology
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