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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2787-2792, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of four cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors (dalpicilib, abemacilib, ribocilib, palbocilib) combined with endocrine drugs in the treatment of hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) breast cancer. METHODS Computer searches were conducted on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about CDK4/6 inhibitors combined with endocrine drugs (trial group) versus endocrine drugs alone or combined with placebo (control group). The search period was from the establishment of the database to April 2023. After literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation, a meta-analysis was conducted by using RevMan 5.4.1 software. RESULTS A total of 22 articles were included, involving 15 RCTs with a total of 18 574 patients. The meta-analysis results showed that the progression free survival [HR=0.77, 95%CI (0.74, 0.79), P<0.000 1], overall survival [HR=0.91, 95%CI (0.87, 0.94), P<0.000 01], objective response rate [OR=1.71, 95%CI (1.51, 1.93), P<0.000 01] and clinical benefit rate [OR=1.73, 95%CI (1.52, 1.95), P<0.000 01] of the trial group were significantly better than control group. The incidence of adverse drug reactions≥3 levels [OR=10.28,95%CI (6.97,15.17),P<0.000 01], neutropenia [OR=65.09, 95%CI (36.43, 116.31), P<0.000 01], leukopenia [OR=22.90, 95%CI (15.40, 34.04), P<0.000 01], anemia [OR=5.71, 95%CI (4.51, 7.22), P<0.000 01], diarrhea [OR= 3.00, 95%CI (1.19, 7.51), P<0.05] and nausea [OR=1.99, 95%CI (1.52, 2.60), P<0.000 01] in the trial group was significantly higher than control group. CONCLUSIONS The combination of CDK4/6 inhibitors and endocrine drugs has a significant effect on HR+/HER2- breast cancer, with a high incidence of adverse reactions, especially hematotoxicity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 568-575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the distribution characteristics of choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in macula among normal children using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), and to investigate the influencing factors.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Sixty-three children aged 6 to 12 years were enrolled in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2021 to November 2021.Spherical equivalent refraction, axial length (AL) and other ocular biological parameters were measured.Macula-centered CVI and choroidal thickness (ChT) were measured by SS-OCT angiography.According to the ETDRS partition, the obtained image was divided into macular central fovea (0-1 mm diameter), inner ring (1-3 mm diameter) and outer ring (3-6 mm diameter) zones.Data from the right eye were selected for statistical analysis.CVI in the three rings and four zones (superior, temporal, inferior and nasal zones) of the inner and outer rings were compared.Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses were used to analyze the correlation between CVI and sex, AL, anterior chamber depth (ACD), ChT and pupil diameter.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.2021-KY-0399-003). Written informed consent was obtained from each guardian.Results:The average CVI in the macular central fovea, inner ring and outer ring were 0.35±0.12, 0.32±0.10 and 0.27±0.08, respectively, with a significant difference ( F=10.96, P<0.001), and significant differences in CVI were found in pairwise comparisons of the three ring zones (all at P<0.05). Significant differences in CVI were found among superior, temporal, inferior and nasal zones in inner and outer rings ( Fring=11.60, P=0.001; Fzone=12.02, P<0.05). The CVI was smaller in superior and nasal zones in inner ring than in temporal zone, greater in superior, temporal and inferior zones in outer ring than in nasal zone, smaller in superior zone of outer ring than that of the inner ring, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.001). The single factor linear regression analysis showed that ChT in the fovea, inner ring and outer ring were the influencing factors of CVI in the three ring zones (all at β=0.001, P<0.001). Pupil diameter ( β=0.034, P=0.038; β=0.040, P=0.003; β=0.024, P=0.011) and ACD ( β=0.097, P=0.034; β=0.097, P=0.013; β=0.061, P=0.032) were the influencing factors of CVI in fovea, inner ring and outer ring.After multiple linear regression analysis, the regression equations were established as follows: CVI in the macular fovea=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea + 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring-0.301 ( R2=0.514, F=6.875, P<0.001); CVI in the inner ring=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea+ 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring+ 0.088×AL-0.307 ( R2=0.603, F=9.870, P<0.001); CVI in the outer ring=0.001×ChT in the macular fovea+ 0.001×ChT in the inner ring+ 0.001×ChT in the outer ring-0.135 ( R2=0.601, F=9.781, P<0.001). Conclusions:In children aged 6-12 years old, the CVI is higher in the macular central fovea than in inner and outer rings, and the CVI in nasal zone is the smallest in both inner and outer rings.The thicker the ChT, the higher the CVI in all zones in the macular area; the deeper the anterior chamber, the higher the CVI in the inner ring.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the safety and efficacy of 0.01% atropine eye drops in the prevention of myopia onset in schoolchildren.Methods:A randomized double-blind controlled study was conducted.Sixty Chinese Han children (60 eyes) with binocular spherical equivalent (SE) between + 0.50 D and -0.75 D (pre-myopia) by cycloplegic autorefraction treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled from July to October 2020.Aged 6-12 years old, the children were divided into 0.01% atropine group and control group according to a random number table, with 30 cases (30 eyes) in each group.The children were given one drop of 0.01% atropine or placebo eye drops in both eyes once a night.The SE, axial length (AL), accommodative amplitude and pupil diameter were compared before and after 3-month, 6-month of treatment between the two groups.Discomforts were recorded.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.2020-KY-286). Written informed consent was obtained from guardian of each subject.Results:After treatment, 26 and 25 subjects completed the 6-month follow-up in 0.01% atropine group and control group, respectively, among which 3 subjects in 0.01% atropine group accounting for 11.5% and 9 in control group accounting for 36.0% developed myopia, showing a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.238, P=0.040). There were significant differences in the overall comparison of SE and AL at different time points between before and after treatment ( Ftime=10.981, 81.854; both at P<0.001). At 3 and 6 months after treatment, there were significant increases in the SE and AL of control group and AL of 0.01% atropine group compared with respective baseline values (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SE at 3 and 6 months after treatment compared with baseline SE in 0.01% atropine group (both at P>0.05). At 6 months after treatment, the change in SE in 0.01% atropine group was (-0.15±0.26)D, which was significantly less than (-0.34±0.35)D in control group, and the change in AL in 0.01% atropine group was (0.17±0.11)mm, Which was significantly shorter than (0.28±0.14)mm in control group, with significant differences between them ( t=2.207, P=0.032; t=3.127, P=0.003). There were significant differences in pupil diameter at different time points between before and after treatment ( Ftime=2.263, P=0.032). At 3 and 6 months after treatment, the pupil diameter was increased in comparison with baseline in 0.01% atropine group (both at P<0.05). There were significant differences in accommodative amplitude at different time points between before and after treatment in the two groups ( Fgroup=0.882, P=0.042; Ftime=0.337, P=0.033). The accommodative amplitude at 3 and 6 months after treatment were decreased in comparison with baseline in 0.01% atropine group and control group at corresponding time points (all at P<0.05). Within a month after treatment, photophobia in bright sunlight occurred in 5 cases in 0.01% atropine group, accounting for 16.7%(5/30), and 2 cases in control group, accounting for 6.7%(2/30), showing no significant difference ( χ2=0.647, P=0.421). No near-vision blur and other uncomfortable symptoms was found in the two groups. Conclusions:After 6-month application of 0.01% atropine eye drops, the prevalence of myopia in pre-myopia schoolchildren decreases and the changing rate of SE and AL slows down.The accommodative amplitude is slightly reduced and pupil diameter is slightly increased, with no obvious effects on study and life.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 185-187, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709717

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the risk factors for postoperative hyperactive-type delirium (PHTD) in elderly patients undergoing orthopedic surgery.Methods A total of 7 171 elderly patients of both sexes,aged more than or equal to 65 yr,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅳ,who underwent orthopedic surgery from January 2008 to December 2012 in Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University,were retrospectively analyzed.Data such as gender,age,preoperative electrolytes,blood glucose,hemoglobin,albumin,senile dementia and use of benzodiazepines,type of operation,anesthesia methods,operation time,intraoperative use of anticholinergic agents and benzodiazepines and hypotension (decrease more than 20% of the baseline),and postoperative electrolyte,hemoglobin,albumin and hypotension were collected.The patients were divided into postoperative PHTD group (group PHTD) and postoperative non-PHTD group (group non-PHTD) according to whether PHTD developed within 7 days after operation.The risk factors of which P values were less than 0.05 would enter the multivariate logistic regression to stratify the risk factors for postoperative PHTD.Results Ninety-nine patients developed PHTD,and the incidence was 1.38%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age more than or equal to 80 yr,hip surgery and preoperative anemia were independent risk factors for postoperative PHTD (P<0.05).Conclusion Age more than or equal to 80 yr,hip surgery and preoperative anemia are independent risk factors for postoperative PHTD in elderly patients undergoing orthopedic surgery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 70-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709692

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on postoperative outcomes in ped?iatric patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation following upper limb fracture performed under sevoflurane anesthesia combined with brachial plexus block. Methods Sixty American Society of Anesthe?siologists physical status Ⅰ pediatric patients of both sexes, aged 6-12 yr, with body mass index <24 kg∕m2, scheduled for elective open reduction and internal fixation following upper limb fracture, were ran?domly divided into ropivacaine group(group R)and dexmedetomidine mixed with ropivacaine group (group DR), with 30 cases in each group. Interscalene brachial plexus block was performed under ultra?sound guidance after sevoflurane anesthesia, 0.25% ropivacaine plus 1 μg∕kg dexmedetomidine(0.3 ml∕kg)was given in group DR, and 0.25% ropivacaine 0.3 ml∕kg was given in group R. The emergence time was recorded, and the development of agitation was observed immediately after emergence from anes?thesia. Sensory block duration, motor block duration, consumption of sedatives and analgesics during post?anesthesia care unit(PACU), consumption of rescue analgesics within 24 h after operation, length of stay in PACU and adverse reactions in the perioperative period were observed and recorded. Results Compared with group R, the incidence of agitation immediately after emergence from anesthesia was significantly de?creased, sensory block duration was prolonged, the consumption of sedatives and analgesics during PACU and rescue analgesics within 24 h after operation was reduced, and the emergence time and length of stay in PACU were prolonged in group DR(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of bradycardia between the two groups(P>0.05). No adverse reactions were found in the perioperative period in the two groups. Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can promote postoperative outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing open reduction and internal fixation following upper limb fracture performed under sevoflurane anesthesia combined with brachial plexus block.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 89-91, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485061

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of dexmedetomidine on postoperative analgesia pump dose and effect.Methods 50 cases of patients with abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were selected.According to the postoperative analgesic drugs were divided into control group and experimental group, 25 cases in each group were given corresponding drug treatment.After treatment, the visual analogue scale, comfort score, adverse reaction rate and dosage of analgesic drugs were detected and compared.Results Compared with the control group,the VAS score were lower(P <0.05),the BCS score were higher(P<0.05),the adverse reaction rate were lower(P<0.05),the dosage of analgesic pump were lower(P<0.05). Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can significantly reduce postoperative pain degree of patients, reduce the incidence of adverse reaction, reduce analgesic dosage of the drug pump.

7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 435-438, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416852

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of curcumin on the apoptosis in spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion neurons in a rat model of diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) . Methods One hundred and eight male SD rats weighing 200-230 g were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n = 27 each): control group (group C), DNP group, solvent control group (group SC) and curcumin group (group Cur) . Diabetes was induced with intraperitoneal streptozocin 70 mg/kg. Successful induction of diabetes was defined as blood glucose > 16.7 mmol/L. Curcumin and com oil 100 mg/kg (23 mg/ml) were given intraperitoneally once a day for 14 consecutive days starting from 14 days after administration of streptozocin in Cur and SC groups respectively. Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured 2 d before and 14 d after streptozocin injection and 3, 7 and 14 d after curcumin injection. The pain threshold measured at 14 d after administration of streptozocin decreased by more than 15% of the baseline in all the rats. The expression of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion was determined at 3, 7 and 14 d after curcumin injection by immuno-histochemistry and Western blot, and the neuronal apoptosis rate was determined by TUNEL. Results Compared with group C, MWT and Bcl-2 expression were significantly decreased, TWL was significantly shortened, the neurona lapoptosis rate and caspase-3 expression were significantly increased in DNP, SC and Cur groups ( P < 0.05).Compared with group DNP, MWT and Bcl-2 expression were significantly increased, TWL was significantly prolonged, the neuronal apoptosis rate and caspase-3 expression were significantly decreased in Cur group ( P <0.05) . There was no significant difference in the parameters mentioned above between DNP and SC groups ( P >0.05). Conclusion Curcumin can attenuate DNP by inhibiting the apoptosis in spinal dorsal hom and dorsal root ganglion neurons in rats, and the inhibition of caspase-3 expression and increase in Bcl-2 expression are involved in the mechanism.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 437-440, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388843

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of B-vitamins(B1,B6,B12)on diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP)in rats.Methods 104 male SD rals weighing 200-230 g were randomly divided into 13 groups(n=8 each):group Ⅰ control(group C);group Ⅱ DNP;group Ⅲ DNP+ normal saline(solvent of vitamins,group NS);group Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅵ DNP+vitamin B1 10,33 or 100mg/kg,kg(group B1 10,group B133,group B1 100);group Ⅶ,Ⅷ,Ⅺ DNP+vitamin B6 10,33 or 100 mg/kg(group B6 10,group B633,group B6100);group Ⅹ,Ⅲ,ⅫDNP+vitamin B12 0.5,1.5 or 4.5 mg/kg (group B12 0.5,group B121.5,group B124.5)and group ⅩⅢ DNP+vitamin B1 10/B6 33/B12 1.5 mg/kg(group VBC).Diabetes was induced with intraperitoneal(IP) streptozocin mg/kg in group Ⅱ-ⅩⅢ.B-vitamins were give.IP once a day for 14 consecutive days starting from 14 d after IP streptozocin in group Ⅳ-ⅩⅢ.Venous blood samples were taken before(baseline)and 3 d after IP streptozocin for determination of blood glucose level. Successful induction of diabetes was defined as blood glucose > 14.6 mmol/L. Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold to yon Frey stimuli (MWT) and paw withdrawal latency to thermal nociceptive stimulus (TWL) were measured 2 days before and 14 days after IP streptozocin and on the 1, 3, 7, 14 days of B-vitamin administration. Animals with pain threshold measured at 14 days after IP streptozocin decreasing by less than 15% of the baseline were excluded from the study. The animals were sacrificed after the last pain threshold measurement and L4,5 lumbar segment of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglions (DRG) were removed for determination of p-CREB expression using immuno-histuchemistry. Results MWT was significantly lower and TWL was significantly shorter and the expression of p-CREB was significantly higher in the other groups than in group C. B-vitamin administration significantly reduced thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia induced by diabetes and down-regulated the expression of p-CREB in a dose-dependent manner as compared with group DNP. The inhibitory effect of vitamin B complex against thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia was significantly stronger and the expression of p-CREB was significantly lower in group VBC as compared with group B110, group B633 and group B121 .5 respectively. Conclusion B-vitamains can attenuate DNP through inhibition of phospberylation of CREB in the spinal dorsal horn and DRG.

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