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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905908


Objective:To establish ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for simultaneous determination of six hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba, and to carry out preliminary risk assessment according to the research results. Method:An ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used for analysis with 0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in water (A)-0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in acetonitrile (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-12 min, 3%-8%B; 12-25 min, 8%-15%B; 25-26 min, 15%-3%B; 26-30 min, 3%B), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 40 ℃, and the injection volume was 1 μL. MS system was operated by electrospray ionization (ESI) in the positive ion mode with multiple reaction monitoring mode. MS parameters of triple quadrupole and six analytes were optimized for qualitative and quantitative analysis. According to the determination results, the risk assessment was carried out by using margin of exposure (MOE) combined with transfer rate of hot water extraction. Result:Based on the instrument precision, linear range, repeatability, stability, recovery and other methodological validations, the results were in conformity with relevant standards of quantitative analysis. The linear ranges of intermedine, lycopsamine, intermedine <italic>N</italic>-oxide, lycopsamine<italic> N</italic>-oxide, echimidine<italic> N</italic>-oxide and echimidine were good (<italic>r</italic>≥0.999 0) between peak area and mass concentration in the ranges of 0.984-49.20, 0.994-49.70, 1.012-50.60, 1.032-51.60, 1.004-50.20, 1.016-50.80 µg·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The average recoveries of these six analytes were 87.2%-94.2% with relative standard deviation (RSD)<4.0%. Their MOE values were >10 000. Conclusion:The UPLC-MS/MS established in this study is stable and feasible, which can provide scientific basis for the quality control and safety evaluation of hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba.

National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 608-611, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343562


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the role of flow cytometry in semen assessment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Semen samples from 104 infertile male patients (as the case group) and 10 fertilized donors (as the control group) were analyzed for the volume of ejaculate and sperm concentration, motility and atypical morphology by computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA), the viability, chromatin structure and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of the sperm stained by SYBR-14/PI, AO and JC-1 respectively, and assessed with flow cytometry. The results were analyzed through SAS software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>U tests indicated that the semen from the infertile patients had not only lower concentration (U = 2.51, P = 0.0143), lower motility (U = 3.44, P = 0.001) and higher rate of atypical morphology (U = -5.88, P < 0.0001), but also lower viability (U = 4.72, P < 0.0001), MMP (U = -2.53, P = 0.0309), and chromatin integrity (alpha t: U = -3.82, P = 0.0003; SD alpha t: U = -3.98, P = 0.0001; COMP alpha t: U = -3.57, P = 0.0005). The multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed that sperm motility was positively correlated with sperm membrane integrity (t = 1.66, P = 0.1016), sperm MMP (t = 3.33, P = 0.0014) and sperm acrosome integrity (t = 3.24, P = 0.0019), while sperm MMP was negatively correlated with the rates of sperm neck and tail defects (t = -3.44, P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Flow cytometry plays a significant role in the evaluation of the quality of human sperm, and can be adopted as a useful tool in the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.</p>

Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cell Survival , Physiology , Chromatin , Pathology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Infertility, Male , Male , Membrane Potentials , Middle Aged , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Congenital Abnormalities , Pathology , Physiology