Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 77
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 151-159, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006566

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on response surface methodology combined with principal component analysis(PCA), the optimal decocting process of Moringa oleifera leaf standard decoction was optimized, and its multi-index quality evaluation system was established, in order to provide scientific basis for the quality control of this standard decoction. MethodResponse surface methodology and PCA were used to optimize the decoction process by taking the relative peak areas of 8 characteristic peaks and dry extract yield as indexes. Based on this, the quality of 15 batches of the standard decoction was evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) characteristic chromatogram, determination of major components(neochlorogenic acid, L-tryptophan, cryptochlorogenic acid, vicenin-2, isoquercetin, astragalin), determination of active parts(total flavonoids, total organic acids, total polysaccharides, total α-amino acids, total sinapine), dry extract yield, specific gravity and pH. ResultThe optimal decocting process was to soak M. oleifera leaves(100.00 g) for 30 min and decoct twice with the first decoction of 12 times the amount of water for 30 min and the second decoction of 10 times the amount of water for 20 min. Standard decoction containing 0.2 g·mL-1 of crude drug was defined by x¯±30%, the specific gravity was 0.722-1.340, pH was 3.86-7.16, dry extract yield was 23.1%-42.9%, and the alcohol-soluble extract content was 8.26%-15.34%. Calculated according to the dried products of the standard decoction, the contents of neochlorogenic acid, L-tryptophan, cryptochlorogenic acid, vicenin-2, isoquercetin and astragalin were 1.99-3.69, 1.20-2.22, 1.44-2.67, 0.53-0.99, 2.45-4.55, 1.22-2.26 mg·g-1, the relative transfer rates relative to the herbs were 34.37%-63.83%, 62.43%-115.94%, 64.65%-120.06%, 56.98%-105.82%, 37.46%-69.57%, 41.81%-77.64%, respectively. The contents of total flavonoids, total organic acids, total polysaccharides, total α-amino acids, total sinapine were 10.19-18.92, 11.82-21.96, 94.07-174.71, 42.69-79.27, 9.55-17.73 mg·g-1, the relative transfer rates for herbs were 25.72%-47.77%, 41.78%-77.59%, 64.90%-120.54%, 42.30%-78.57%, 34.99%-64.99%, respectively. ConclusionThe optimized decocting technology of M. oleifera leaf standard decoction is stable and feasible, and the established multi-indicator quality evaluation system can lay the foundation for the quality control of this standard decoction.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 71-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970503

ABSTRACT

Wuzhuyu Decoction, the classical formula recorded in the Treatise on Febrile Diseases(Shang Han Lun), has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classic Prescriptions(the First Batch). Consisting of Euodiae Fructus, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Jujubae Fructus, it is effective in warming the middle, tonifying deficiency, dispelling cold, and descending adverse Qi, and is widely applied clinically with remarkable efficacies. For a classical formula, the chemical composition is the material basis and an important premise for quantity value transfer. This study aimed to establish a rapid identification method of chemical components in Wuzhuyu Decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry(HR-MS) and molecular network. AQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used for sample separation, and acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water was used as mobile phases for gradient elution. Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and GNPS molecular network was plotted according to the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation modes. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to screen molecular clusters with similar structures. Finally, the chemical components of Wuzhuyu Decoction were rapidly identified according to the controls, as well as the information of retention time, accurate relative molecular weight of HR-MS, and MS/MS multistage fragments. A total of 105 chemical components were identified in Wuzhuyu Decoction. This study can provide data for the follow-up quality control, standard substance research, and pharmacodynamic material research on Wuzhuyu Decoction, as well as references for the rapid qualitative analysis of the chemical components of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973754

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the quality of Mori Cortex from different producing areas by the entropy weight-technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution(TOPSIS), and to provide a new evaluation method for the quality control of Mori Cortex. MethodAccording to the five key indexes of color, thickness, texture, powdery and cortex remain, a subjective scoring table was designed to evaluate the appearance of Mori Cortex. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to determine the fingerprint and the contents of multiple components(mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, oxyresveratrol, mulberroside C, sanggenone D, sanggenone C, morusin), and chemometrics was used to explore the differential components of Mori Cortex from different habitats. On this basis, TOPSIS was used to comprehensively evaluate the quality of Mori Cortex from different habitats, and SPSS 22.0 software was used to carry out bivariate correlation analysis between thickness and appearance color with contents of seven components of Mori Cortex. ResultThose with lighter color, thicker root bark, tougher texture, sufficient powder and less cortex remain scored higher, and the top five were all from Anhui. The established fingerprint and determination methods were stable and reliable. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) screened three components with the variable importance in the projection(VIP) value>1(mulberroside A, sanggenone D, sanggenone C), which made an important contribution to the difference in the origin of Mori Cortex. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significantly positive correlation between mulberroside C with lightness value(L*) and total chromaticity value(E*ab) and mulberroside A with yellow-blue value(b*)(P<0.05, P<0.01), a significantly negative correlation between sanggenone C with b* and between morusin with L*(P<0.05, P<0.01). And there was a significantly negative correlation between mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, and morusin with thickness(P<0.01), a clearly negative correlation between sanggenone D with thickness(P<0.05), a significantly positive correlation between sanggenone C with thickness(P<0.01). TOPSIS comprehensive scores showed that the samples from Anhui had a good score and ranked high. ConclusionThere are great differences in the quality of Mori Cortex from different habitats, and those with the close habitats show similar characteristics in appearance and component content, and lighter color and less cortex were positively correlated with the quality. Among them, the quality of Mori Cortex from Anhui is relatively good.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 43-51, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions.@*RESULTS@#TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats.@*CONCLUSION@#Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colon , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Rats, Wistar
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 128-134, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942338

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo identify Dendrobium flexicaule and its related species, and analyze the differences in polysaccharide composition and D-mannose content, so as to provide theoretical basis for the accurate identification and quality control of Dendrobium medicinal materials. MethodNine samples of Dendrobium (S1-S9) were identified by DNA barcoding and infrared spectroscopy, and the contents of polysaccharides and D-mannose were determined by ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UV) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. UV detection condition was 488 nm, HPLC detection conditions were the mobile phase of 20 mmol·L-1 ammonium acetate solution-acetonitrile (81.5∶18.5) and the detection wavelength at 250 nm. ResultDNA barcoding results showed that samples S1-S3 were D. nobile, samples S4-S5 were D. officinale, sample S6 was D. huoshanense, and S7-S9 were D. flexicaule. One-dimensional infrared spectroscopy showed that only D. nobile had stable characteristics at the wavenumber of 1 570-1 467 cm-1, showing a "W" shape, while no absorption peak was found at the wavenumber of 842-740 cm-1, but the other Dendrobium samples had stable absorption peaks at the wavenumber of 842-740 cm-1. In the first derivative spectrum, at the wavenumber of 785 cm-1, D. huoshanense presented a "V" shape, while the rest of Dendrobium presented a "W" shape. At the wavenumber of 1 110 cm-1, D. flexicaule had a stable characteristic peak. In the second derivative spectrum, at the wavenumber of 1 125 cm-1, D. officinale presented an "M" shape, and the rest of Dendrobium was approximately "W" shape. The results of determination showed that the contents of polysaccharides in samples S1-S9 were 9.35%, 9.12%, 32.78%, 49.38%, 48.97%, 32.48%, 32.95%, 39.41% and 25.32%, and their contents of D-mannose were 1.39%, 0.47%, 13.57%, 3.04%, 33.85%, 23.57%, 16.64%, 17.47% and 19.49%, respectively. Among them, D. flexicaule had high polysaccharide and D-mannose contents. ConclusionBoth DNA barcoding and infrared spectroscopy can be used to identify D. flexicaule and its related species, and infrared spectroscopy is cost-effective and easy to operate. At the same time, D. flexicaule has high contents of polysaccharides and D-mannose, which can provide a scientific basis for rapid identification of D. flexicaule and its relatives, and provides a reference for its quality control, and resource development and utilization.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 180-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940776

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTaking Chuanxiong Chatiaosan prescription as the carrier, by comparing the differences of volatile components in Chuanxiong Rhizoma with single decoction pieces and compatible prescription of different decoction pieces, the differences of material basic connotation of different formulations of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan were revealed from the aspects of processing (raw and wine-processed products), compound compatibility and dosage form (powder and decoction). MethodThe volatile oil was extracted from different decoction pieces of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Chatiaosan and its decoction with different decoction pieces of Chuanxiong Rhizoma by steam distillation, the main components and their relative contents were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). ResultA total of 25 volatile components were identified from different processed products of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, including 11 monoterpenoids, 4 phenols, 3 sesquiterpenoids, 3 phthalides, 2 ketones and 2 olefins, the contents of α-pinene, β-pinene, 3-butylphthalide and others increased after the raw products was processed with wine. A total of 85 constituents were identified from Chuanxiong Chatiaosan with different decoction pieces, including 31 monoterpenoids, 23 sesquiterpenoids, 5 alcohols, 5 aldehydes, 4 phenols, 4 phthalides, 3 ethers, 3 ketones, 1 olefin, 1 organic acid, 2 esters and 3 other compounds. A total of 22 components, including 9 sesquiterpenoids, 3 phthalides, 2 phenols, 6 monoterpenoids, 1 aldehyde and 1 alkane, were identified from the decoction of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan with different processed products. ConclusionThere was no significant difference in the composition between raw products and wine-processed products of Chuanxiong Rhizoma either in single decoction pieces or in compatibility prescription, but the relative content changed to some extent, and the wine-processed products was the most obvious. There was a great difference in the composition of volatile components between the Chuanxiong Chatiaosan and its decoction. The volatile components, such as isopulegol, isocalamendiol and safrole, were not found in the decoction. Components in Chuanxiong Rhizoma processed with wine will change with the addition of yellow rice wine, and volatile components can reflect the difference between decoction pieces and prescriptions of the wine-processed products.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2197-2206, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879178

ABSTRACT

The chromatic values of the broken-fried and single-fried Gardeniae Fructus Praeparatus(GFP) were measured by the color analyzer to analyze the color variation rule, and the contents of 10 main components were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). The multivariate statistical analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and discriminant analysis were conducted to investigate the color and components of GFP samples. The experimental results revealed that L~*, a~*, b~*, and E~*ab decreased continuously during processing, and the color of samples gradually deepened. The trend and range of chromatic values during broken-frying and single-frying processes were basically identical. Gardenoside, crocin-Ⅰ(C-Ⅰ), and crocin-Ⅱ(C-Ⅱ) showed an obviously downward trend, while the contents of geniposidic acid and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF) increased significantly. Shanzhiside, deacetyl-asperulosidic acid methyl ester, and geniposide(G2) showed a downward trend. Scandoside methyl ester rose first and fell later. Genipin-1-O-gentiobioside(G1) went through a decrease-increase-decrease trend. The change trends of component contents during broken-frying and single-frying processes were generally consistent, but the change range was different. Among all the components, scandoside methyl ester and G1 showed obvious change. Because of different stir-frying time, the change rate of each component content in the process of broken-frying was higher than that in single-frying process. Additionally, geniposidic acid, gardenoside, scandoside methyl ester, C-Ⅰ, C-Ⅱ, and 5-HMF exhibited a higher correlation with apparent color. On the basis of above findings, the discriminant function of two frying processes was established, which could be applied to the discrimination of broken-fried and single-fried samples. This study analyzed the dynamic quality change rule of GFP during broken-frying and single-frying processes based on color-component correlation analysis, and found the two methods showed consistent change trend, yet with slight difference in the quality of samples. This study can provide data support for the processing of GFP.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Gardenia
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906339

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and network pharmacology, to predict the target and potential mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Method:HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Gardeniae Fructus according to the retention time, relative molecular weight, secondary mass spectrometry fragmentation and other information of chromatographic peaks, and combined with literature data. The targets of main active ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus were predicted by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction database. The potential targets of Gardeniae Fructus against cerebral ischemia were obtained through Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), GeneCards and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of potential targets were analyzed with the DAVID 6.8. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct the network of active components-targets-pathways. At last, Discovery Studio 2016 software was applied in the molecular docking verification between the key active ingredients and potential protein targets. Result:A total of 40 chemical constituents in Gardeniae Fructus were identified, including iridoids, diterpenoid pigments, organic acids, monoterpenoids and other components. According to the main active ingredients, 208 potential targets were predicted, 560 disease targets related to cerebral ischemia were retrieved, 59 key targets were selected by mapping component targets with disease targets. These targets could act on key target proteins such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Caspase-3 (CASP3) and CASP8, and participate in the regulation of TNF, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and other signal pathways. Molecular docking results showed that geniposide could interact with targets of prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), TNF<italic> </italic>and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 (RELA), crocin Ⅰ could interact with interleukin-2 (IL-2). Conclusion:Geniposide, crocin Ⅰ and other ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus can play a role of anti-inflammatory and inhibiting apoptosis to prevent or treat cerebral ischemic diseases by up-regulating protein expression level of RELA and IL-2, down-regulating protein expression level of TNF, CASP8, CASP3 and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and regulating TNF, PI3K/Akt and HIF-1 signaling pathways.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 137-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906310

ABSTRACT

Objective:High performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to identify the main chemical constituents of Daishenning. Method:Cosmosil 5 C<sub>18</sub>-AR-Ⅱ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) was employed for chromatographic separation with mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.5% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%A; 10-20 min, 5%-20%A; 20-30 min, 20%A; 30-55 min, 20%-35%A; 55-65 min, 35%-55%A; 65-75 min, 55%-100%A; 75-80 min, 100%A; 80-85 min, 100%-5%A; 85-90 min, 5%A), the flow rate was 1 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, column temperature was 40 ℃, and injection volume was 10 μL. Electrospray ionization (ESI), positive and negative ion detection modes and mass scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-2 000 were selected for mass spectrometry. The main chemical constituents in Daishenning were identified by MassHunter B.06.00 software in combination with PubChem, MassBank, ChemicalBook and other databases, and reference information. Result:A total of 96 components were identified from Daishenning, including 32 flavonoids, 19 organic acids, 6 glycosides, 6 terpenoids, 5 phenylpropanoids, 8 phenols, 14 other components and 6 unknown components. Conclusion:The established method can simultaneously analyze different types of compounds in Daishenning, it is helpful for further research on the extraction and separation of main chemical components and quality control of this preparation. In addition, through the rapid identification of the chemical constituents in Daishenning, it is speculated that the main effective substances of Daishenning may be flavonoids and organic acids.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906063

ABSTRACT

Objective:The correlation between the appearance color of cooked rhubarb samples and the components characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint was studied to reveal the quality transfer law in the steaming process of processed products with rice-wine. Method:The visual analyzer was used to analyze the change of the appearance color of cooked rhubarb sample powder at different processing time, the common components and their relative peak areas of processed products with rice-wine were identified by HPLC fingerprint, as well as multivariate statistics and Pearson correlation analysis were used to cluster, discriminate and analyze the appearance color and the component variables in HPLC fingerprint. Result:During the processing of cooked rhubarb, the <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup> (red-green value) of sample powder had no obvious change, but the <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup> (lightness value), <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>(yellow-blue value) and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>(total chromaticity value) showed a decreasing trend, and the appearance color changed from bright to dark, from yellow to brown. A total of 46 chromatographic peaks in the fingerprint were identified at 254 nm and 280 nm, and 18 of them were identified by comparison with reference standards. The change trend of <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>,<italic> b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>were positively correlated with the contents of tannins (catechin, epicatechin and ethyl gallate), stilbene glycoside (<italic>trans</italic>-3,5,4′-trihydroxystyryl-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside), phenylbutanone glycoside of 4′-hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-[2ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-gallic-6ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-(4ʺ-hydroxy)-cinnamoyl)-glucoside, conjugated anthraquinones (aloe emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside) and <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and negatively correlated with the contents of free anthraquinones (emodin, aloe emodin and physcion). Compared with 254 nm, the similarities of chromatographic peaks at 280 nm was more obvious, and the number of detected common peaks was more, which could reflect more subtle differences in chemical composition. Conclusion:Tannins, stilbene glycosides and phenylbutanone glycosides are strongly correlated with <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, while anthraquinones are strongly correlated with <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup>, the decrease of <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab</italic> is mainly related to the increase of free anthraquinone content and the decrease of catechins, <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin, stilbene glycosides, conjugated anthraquinone and phenylbutanone glycosides. The change of appearance color index of process samples can reflect the change trend of the contents of medicinal components in cooked rhubarb to some extent.

11.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 434-439, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference of brain structure between patients with early-onset depression with and without suicidal ideation and its relationship with the severity of depression.Methods:Totally 37 patients with early-onset depressive disorder with suicidal ideation and 23 patients with early-onset depressive disorder without suicidal ideation were examined by psychological assessment and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)from 2019 to 2020.Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) technology was used to compare the differences in brain structure between the two groups of subjects, and further analyze the relationship between the gray matter volume of the different brain areas and the severity of depression. The demographic and clinical data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software package. The comparison between the two groups was performed by double sample t-test and chi square test. SPM8 software was used for VBM statistical analysis, and double sample t test was used for image analysis and comparison between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was performed between the mean gray matter volume of the two groups and the scores of HAMD-17 and Beck scale for suicide ideation(BSI). Results:Compared with the group without suicide ideation, the volume of gray matter in the right middle frontal gyrus(MNI: x, y, z=28.5, 33.0, 43.5, FWE correction for mass level, P<0.05)and left angular gyrus of the suicide idea group increased(MNI: x, y, z=-37.5, -73.5, 48.0, FWE correction for mass level, P<0.05). There was no significant correlation between the gray matter volume of the right middle frontal gyrus and the HAMD-17 scale, BSI scale in patients with early-onset depression ( r=0.073, r=-0.153, both P>0.05). Conclusion:There are structural differences in the right middle frontal gyrus and left angular gyrus between patients with early-onset depression with suicidal ideation and patients with early-onset depression without suicidal ideation, and there was no significant correlation between gray matter volume and depression severity.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 228-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873209

ABSTRACT

Chuanxiong Chatiaosan was first recorded in Taiping Huimin Heji Jufang, which was made up of 8 herbs, including Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Menthae Haplocalycis Herba, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, Schizonepetae Herba, Saposhnikoviae Radix, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. This prescription mainly contains a variety of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, volatile oils and other compounds, which play the biological activity of promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. Modern pharmacological studies have confirmed that Chuanxiong Chatiaosan can reduce blood viscosity, improve cerebral circulation, and has central analgesic effect to treat migraine effectively. However, the mechanism for treating migraine of this prescription is still unclear. The author elaborated the research status of Chuanxiong Chatiaosan from four aspects, including quality control method, chemical composition, preparation technology and pharmacological research, hoping to provide references for rational clinical application and explanation of pharmacological mechanism of this prescription.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2382-2388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827937

ABSTRACT

The chromaticity space parameters of the samples during the processing of Gardeniae Fructus Praeparatus(Jiaozhizi in Chinese herbal name, JZZ) were measured by the visual analyzer to analyze the color variation rule during the processing of JZZ, and the content changes of total reducing sugar, total amino acid and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF) related to Maillard reaction were measured. Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression analysis of the data were carried out by SPSS 24.0 software. The experimental results showed that the objective coloration of the samples in the processing of JZZ was basically consistent with the traditional subjective color judgment; the contents of total reducing sugar and total amino acids showed a decreasing trend during the processing of JZZ, and the content of 5-HMF showed an increasing trend, which was in line with Maillard reaction law. Pearson correlation analysis results showed that there was a significant correlation between the chromaticity space parameters L~*(lightness value), a~*(red green value), b~*(yellow blue value), E~*ab(total color value) and the contents of total reducing sugar, total amino acid and 5-HMF(P<0.01), among which the values of L~*, a~*, b~*, E~*ab were positively correlated with the contents of total reducing sugar and total amino acid, and negatively correlated with the contents of 5-HMF. The results of linear regression analysis also showed that these two were highly correlated. In this study, by establishing the correspondence relationship between the color change of JZZ processing and Maillard reactants, wecan not only provide a basis for the objective digital expression of subjective color of JZZ, but also provide a reference for explaining the processing mechanism of JZZ from a new perspective.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Color , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Gardenia , Maillard Reaction
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5631-5638, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878822

ABSTRACT

As an important treasure for the research and development of new Chinese medicines, the classical prescriptions have a long medical history in China and are the summary of the clinical experience of the medical experts in the past dynasties. To support the research and development of classical prescriptions,relevant encouraging policies were issued by the state and relevant administrative departments. It is one of the key problems in the development process of classical prescriptions to verify and determine the processing methods of prescription herbal drugs. At present, there is no consensus or standard on such problems of classical prescriptions. In this paper, we sorted out and analyzed the related content of the herb processing for classical prescriptions, summarized the characteristics of the processing methods in the Catalogue of classical prescriptions(First Batch) and the problems faced in the textual research, and put forward some suggestions on the processing and textual research, including four research strategies: sorting out the mainstream methods for herbs in various periods of classical prescriptions, clarifying histological changes in the processing methods, determining the processing methods based on the drug processing characteristics, determining the processing methods based on the processing functions and identifying the processing methods according to the clinical efficacy and indication, so as to provide ideas and references for the research of processing methods involved in classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
China , Drug Prescriptions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2792-2798, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773258

ABSTRACT

In this experiment,the gradation analysis method was used to evaluate the quality of different pieces of Gardeniae Fructus through the extraction rate difference and the difference analysis of the main components in the extract. In this experiment cold-dip and hot-dip methods were used to compare the yield of Gardeniae Fructus extract and the content of chemical constituents with water,25%,50%,75% and 95% ethanol fractions. By weighted calculation,the optimal extraction method of Gardeniae Fructus was determined,and this was verified by practical application. RESULTS:: showed that for the water-soluble extract,cold dip method was better than the hot dip method; and for alcohol-soluble extract,75% ethanol under cold dip method was best. The verification results showed that water-soluble extracts under cold dip methods could be used to significantly distinguish the raw Gardeniae Fructus( GF) and processed( stir-baked) GF( GFP) collected from the market. Meanwhile,this method could be also used to distinguish the same batch of GF,GFP and carbonized GF( GFC) with significant differences,respectively( P<0. 05). Ethanol-soluble extract can be used to clearly distinguish GFP and GFC pieces in the same batch( P<0. 05). The results of content determination showed that the variation coefficient of components in GF processed products was higher than that in extracts,and the content of hydroxygeniposide was the most significant component between GF and its processed products. It is suggested that the method of water-soluble extract of GF and the determination of the content of gardoside should be combined together to evaluate the quality of GF and its heat processed products.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1814-1821, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773162

ABSTRACT

Commercially available japonica rice and indica rice with different trade names were collected,and then based on the method of rice stir-frying,their many indexes were evaluated,for example the physical and chemical properties such as appearance color,grain type,broken kernel ratio,length-width ratio,1 000-grain weight,specific heat capacity,moisture content,amylose content,and protein content. The discriminant function analysis was used to determine the effective factors affecting the quality of rice as excipients. The results showed that two types of rice could be distinguished by rice color parameter a*,grain parameter circularity,1 000-grain weight and amylose content. These four effective factors can be used as the quality evaluation indexes for fried rice as excipients.Protein is one of the main components of rice,and its content affects the quality of rice. There is a significant difference in the protein content between japonica rice and indica rice. Therefore,protein content should be used as one of the evaluation indexes for rice quality. After comprehensive consideration,it is suggested that the red-green value a*shall not be less than 0. 50; the circularity not less than 53. 0,the 1 000-grain weight not less than 16. 0 g,the amylose content not less than 12. 0% and the protein content not less than4. 0% in the japonica rice; the red-green value a*shall not be lower than-1. 0,the circularity not less than 41. 0,the 1 000-grain weight not less than 13. 0 g,the amylose content not less than 9. 0% and the protein content not less than 3. 5% in the indica rice. In this study,the quality evaluation standards for rice as excipients( japonica rice,indica rice) were supplemented and improved,laying foundation for the development of quality standards for rice as excipients with the rice stir-frying method.


Subject(s)
Amylose , Cooking , Excipients , Food Quality , Hot Temperature , Oryza , Chemistry
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-211, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801919

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, which has the effects of relieving fever, relieving liver and depression, and promoting Yangqi. At present, the varieties of Bupleuri Radix are relatively chaotic, and the processing in the production areas is relatively extensive. In the processing of Bupleuri Radix, the processed products contained in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia are raw products and vinegar-processed products. In addition, the specifications on Chinese medicine processing in various provinces and cities contain many processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with honey, processed with turtle blood, etc. However, there are great differences in processing specifications among provinces and cities, and the processing methods lack clear process parameters, so the quality of Bupleuri Radix decoction pieces produced on these basis is uneven, which affects the clinical application of the decoction pieces. By consulting ancient books and relevant literature, the authors conduct textual research on the varieties of Bupleuri Radix, and systematically summarized the processing methods and processing methods in the producing area, so as to provide reference for the establishment of processing technology specifications and quality standards of Bupleuri Radix decoction pieces.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 195-197, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801917

ABSTRACT

In recent years, in order to further improve the quality of decoction pieces of Chinese crude drugs, many related basic research work around the processing of decoction pieces of Chinese crude drugs have been carried out by relevant experts. Many opinions and suggestions on the revision of the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs were put forward. In order to further improve the preparation of the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs, strengthen the guidance on the revision of local processing standards, and clarify issues related to the circulation, use and supervision of decoction pieces, the Department of Drug Registration Management of the National Medical Products Administration and the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission have organized experts to discuss these problems. The author only puts forward some suggestions on related issues in order to achieve the purpose of "throwing a brick to attract jade". ①The study of the national regulations on the processing of decoction pieces of Chinese crude drugs should be standardized on the basis of the inheritance for the specific process. ②The revision of the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs should be improved on the basis of the existing research results. The regulation of the processing process should not be excessively parameterized, the revision of the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs also should be synchronization to the revision of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. ③The contents of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs should have different emphasis. The former should focus on the standard, while the latter should focus on the processing process. ④The revision of local (provincial) processing specifications only collects the pieces that truly have local features and clinical characteristics. ⑤Decoction pieces of local Chinese crude drugs can only be applied at the place of production (province). They are allowed to be produced and distributed in other provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions after through filing. ⑥For the decoction pieces of Chinese crude drugs with large-scale use contained in local processing specifications, they should be included in the National Regulations on the Processing of Decoction Pieces of Chinese Crude Drugs as soon as possible, and their quality standards should be included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 226-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801755

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is one of the diseases that seriously threaten human health. It is characterized by the high morbidity, disability rate and mortality, and has been lacking effective treatment. Its occurrence is related to metabolic disorder, calcium overload, free radical injury, inflammatory reaction, etc. Gardeniae Fructus not only has antipyretic, analgesic, hepatoprotective and cholagogic effects, but also has protective effects against ischemic brain injury. At present, there are more studies about the main components of Gardeniae Fructus against ischemic brain injury, but the mechanism is unclear. In this paper, the mechanism of the main active ingredients from Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia injury in recent years was reviewed, and the effective component monomer and the whole were analyzed, so as to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of ischemic brain injury of Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces, and provide a reference for further research and application of this decoction pieces.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 224-227, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801720

ABSTRACT

Based on the investigation for the status of inheritance,innovation and development of traditional Chinese medicine processing discipline and Chinese herbal pieces industry in recent years,several problems worth discussing were analyzed in this paper.The definition of decoction pieces of Chinese crude drugs,the contents and methods of inheritance and innovation were put forward.It is aimed at building a consensus and further promoting the development of disciplines and industries.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL