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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 113-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953767

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical strategy of reoperative aortic root replacement after prior aortic valve replacement (AVR), and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    From April 2013 to January 2020, 75 patients with prior AVR underwent reoperative aortic root replacement in Fuwai Hospital. There were 54 males and 21 females with a mean age of 56.4±12.7 years. An emergent operation was performed in 14 patients and an elective operation in 61 patients. The indications were aortic root aneurysm in 38 patients, aortic dissection involving aortic root in 30 patients, root false aneurysm in 2 patients, prosthesis valve endocarditis with root abscess in 2 patients, and Behçet's disease with root destruction in 3 patients. The survival and freedom from aortic events during the follow-up were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test. Results    The operative procedures included prosthesis-sparing root replacement in 45 patients, Bentall procedure in 26 patients, and Cabrol procedure in 4 patients. Operative mortality was 1.3% (1/75). A composite of adverse events occurred in 5 patients, including operative death (n=1), stroke (n=1), and acute renal injury necessitating hemodialysis (n=3). The follow-up was available for all 74 survivors, with the mean follow-up time of 0.5-92.0 (30.3±25.0) months. Four late deaths occurred during the follow-up. The survival rate at 1 year, 3 years and 6 years was 97.2%, 91.4% and 84.4%, respectively. Aortic events developed in 2 patients. The rate of freedom from aortic events at 1 year, 3 years, and 6 years was 98.7%, 95.0% and 87.7%, respectively. There was no difference in rate of survival or freedom from aortic events between the elective patients and the emergent patients. Conclusion    Reoperative aortic root replacement after prior AVR can be performed to treat the root pathologies after AVR, with acceptable early and mid-term outcomes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 266-271, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of adventitial inversion technique for root repair in patients with acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD).Methods:Between 2015 and 2018, ATAAD patients with dissected root and underwent open surgery were included. The exclusion criteria were as follows: previous root intervention, traumatic dissection and patient underwent root replacement(Bentall or David procedure). 490 ATAAD patients were included, 366(74.69%) male and 124(25.31%) female, aged(51.28±10.99) years(range 24-77 years). The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with ANOVA/ nonparametric test and Chi- square test. Follow-up mortality and reoperation were displayed with Kaplan- Meier curve. Results:All patients were technically divided into three groups: adventitial inversion(A), direct suture(B) and Cabrol-shunt(C). The mean age in group A was(53.05±11.09) years, whereas worse cardiac and renal function occurred in group C. The mean duration of HCA, CPB and ACC were shortest, with a highest average of minimum rectal temperature during surgical interval in group A. Postoperative complications and early mortality were similar among groups. There were no significant differences of mid-term mortality and reoperation among these three techniques. Though no late reintervention for aortic root was found in both group A and B, the root diameter was more stable in group A during follow-up period[(33.14±3.74)mm vs.(34.51±3.83)mm vs.(33.89±3.89)mm, P=0.008]. Conclusion:Adventitial inversion technique is safe and effective for root repair in patients with ATAAD, achieving satisfactory short- and mid-term effects.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 721-725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term outcomes of aortic root repair using a pericardial autograft for acute type A aortic dissection.Methods:Between January 2020 and August 2021, 12 patients underwent aortic root repair using a pericardial autograft for type A aortic dissection. There were 8 males and 4 females, aged from 32.0 to 71.0 years, with a mean of (49.1±13.0) years, weight from 40.0 to 100.0 with a mean of (78.6±20.5) kg. Short-term outcomes were assessed by cardiopulmonary bypass time, cross-clamp time, circulatory arrest time, mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, postoperative stay time. The diameter of Valsalva sinus and aortic regurgitation were assessed before, after operation and during follow-up.Results:There were no postoperative and follow-up death. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was(256.4±60.6)min, ranging from 182.0 to 243.0 minutes; cross-clamp time was(195.0±52.5)minutes, ranging from 127.0 to 284.0 minutes; circulatory arrest time was(19.9±3.6)min, ranging from 15.0 to 25.0 min; mechanical ventilation time was (69.1±72.1)hours, ranging from 6.4 to 250.3 h; ICU time was (143.6±81.7) h, ranging from 56.9 to 288.0 h; postoperative stay time was (12.8±4.1) days, ranging from 8.0 to 20.0 days. One patient had transient paralysis (8.3%), and one patient needed hemofiltration due to acute kidney failure (8.3%), they all completely recovered before discharge. Follow-up time ranged from 10.0 to 21.0 months, with a median of 13 months. Heart function (NYHA) was I to II degrees. The mean diameter of aortic root was (36.7±5.8)mm(27.0-45.0 mm) preoperatively, (35.8±5.1)mm (25.0-44.8 mm) before discharge, and (35.7±5.9)mm (25.1-44.8 mm) during follow-up, respectively. There was no significant difference between them ( P>0.05). The preoperative aortic regurgitation was as follow: severe aortic regurgitation 2, moderate 1, mild to moderate 3, mild 1, trivial 1, none 4; postoperative aortic regurgitation: mild 2, trivial 2, none 8; follow-up aortic regurgitation: mild 3, trivial 1, none 8. Conclusion:Aortic root repair with a pericardial autograft is a safe and effective technique to treat acute type A dissection involving the sinus. Using this technique, residual dissection tissues could be significantly reduced, which subsequently decreases the risk of proximal bleeding, maintains the function of sinus, and increases long-term durability. Short-term results are satisfactory, and the long-term results need further follow-up.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 550-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term outcomes of cuff wrapping technique using remnant aortic wall in modified Bentall procedure.Methods:Between January 2018 and December 2018, 23 patients underwent modified Bentall procedure with the remnant aortic wall as a cuff to cover the sewing area of composite valved graft and the aortic annulus for proximal hemostasis. After the sewing ring of the composite valved graft was sutured to the aortic annulus by continuous suture, the remnant aortic wall was sutured to the graft just distal to the sewing ring by continuous suture. There were 21 males and 2 females, aged from 22 to 72 with a mean of(50.96±13.23)years. Short-term outcomes were assessed by cardiopulmonary bypass time, clamp aorta time, mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, postoperative stay time, effusion drainage till the first postoperative day, Left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), and follow-up results.Results:There were no postoperative and follow-up death. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was(157.74±39.85)min, ranged from 114 to 275 min; clamp aorta time(122.61±30.25)min, ranged from 84 to 212 min; mechanical ventilation time(11.65±3.08)h, ranged from 7.87 to 20.33 h; ICU time(81.43±45.88) h, ranged from 15.18 to 184.77 h; postoperative stay time(8.73±2.80)days, ranged from 6 to 15 days. Effusion drainage was(336.82±117.65)ml, ranged from 200 to 670 ml till the first postoperative day. Follow-up was performed from 19 to 30 months, with a mean of(23.17±3.17)months. There were significant differences between preoperative LVEDD and postoperative LVEDD before discharge[(49.78±6.21)mm vs.(58.78±10.54)mm, P<0.05]; There were a little decrease of follow-up LVEDD compared with postoperative LVEDD, but no significant difference between them[(48.87±4.63)mm vs.(49.78±6.21)mm, P>0.05] . There were a little decrease of postoperative LVEF compared with preoperative LVEF, but no significant difference between them(0.57±0.07 vs. 0.59±0.05, P>0.05). There were significant differences between follow-up LVEF and preoperative LVEF(0.62±0.04 vs. 0.57±0.07, P<0.05), postoperative LVEF before discharge( P<0.05). Conclusion:Cuff wrapping technique using remnant aortic wall in modified Bentall procedure has got good short-term results. This modification may be a simple, effective way in controlling proximal bleeding.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 422-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the mid-term result of two different valve-sparing root replacement techniques in acute type A aortic dissection: including reimplantation and remodeling.Methods:From March 2009 to December 2019, 41 patients with acute type A dissection and root involvement, who underwent a valve-sparing root replacement using reimplantation(36 cases) or remodeling(5 cases) were retrospectively analyzed in current study. The average age was(44.63±11.34) years old, 36 males. The differences of perioperative variables, postoperative aortic insufficiency and postoperative survival were compared between the two groups.Results:Thirty-day mortality for two groups was 2.8% and 20%( P=0.23). Remodeling group was significantly inferior to reimplantation group in terms of blood consumption(red blood cells, plasma and platelets), postoperative mechanical ventilation time, reoperation for bleeding and hemofiltration for acute renal failure. The median follow-up time of 39 discharged survivors was 34.56(3-121) months, and the follow-up rate was 100%. There was no follow-up death, no bleeding or embolism events, and no cardiovascular reoperation. Grade 2 or sever aortic regurgitation in remodeling group was significantly higher than that in reimplantation group( P=0.02). A Cox regression analysis identified that the remodeling technique was the independent risk factors of postoperative aortic regurgitation. Conclusion:Compared with remodeling technique, reimplantation technique has better perioperative and mid-term results in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. The rate of reoperation for bleeding, the blood consumption and the postoperative aortic regurgitation are significantly reduced. The long-term results need further follow-up.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1081-1086, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829210

ABSTRACT

@#Aortic dissection is a catastrophic emergency with a high mortality rate, and its full pathogenesis remains unknown to researchers, which brings a heavy burden to the individuals, society and family because of its poor prognosis. Improving the efficiency of its diagnosis and treatment and defining the pathogenic mechanism clearly is a research hotspot. Recently, utilizing bioinformatics to find diagnostic biomarker of aortic dissection has attracted the attention of many researchers. Besides, exploring the relationship between pathogenic mechanism and inflammatory process, extracellular matrix degradation, elastic fiber fracture and the phenotypic transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells is also a hot topic. We summarize recent progress made in the pathogenesis of aortic dissection. We hope to identify key molecules driving aortic dissection and provide reliable reference for the diagnosis, medical treatment and prevention of aortic dissection.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1010-1014, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829198

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To discuss the efficacy of type Ⅱ hybrid aortic arch repair for type A aortic dissection in patients of different age groups. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 126 patients with type A aortic dissection admitted to the Fuwai Hospital between January 2016 and December 2018, including 78 (61.9%) males and 48 (38.1%) females, with an average age of 61.8±6.9 years. The patients were divided into an elderly group (≥60 years, n=82) and a non-elderly group (<60 years, n=44). The preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data of patients in the two groups were compared. Results    The age between the elderly and non-elderly group was significantly different (65.9±4.1 years vs. 54.3±4.1 years, P<0.010), and no significant difference was found between the two groups in other preoperative baseline data. There were 6 (4.8%) patients of early death, 3 (2.4%) patients of stroke and 2 (1.6%) patients of paralysis. A total of 194 stents were implanted, and the average dimeter of the stents was 33.6±1.8 mm and the average length was 199.0±6.7 mm. The non-elderly group had shorter mechanical ventilation time (31.9±41.7 h vs. 61.0±89.2 h, P=0.043) and ICU stay time (77.8±51.4 h vs. 143.1±114.4 h, P<0.001) than the elderly group. There was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality rate, reoperation rate or survival rate between the two groups (P>0.05). Follow-up time was 1-43 (22.6±10.8) months, and 3 patients were lost. There were 104 (82.5%) patients of complete thrombus formation of false lumen in stent and endoleak was reported in 11 (9.2%) patients. Conclusion    Type Ⅱ hybrid aortic arch repair offers an alternative approach to acute type A aortic dissection with acceptable early and mid-term clinical effects. The non-elderly patients have a similar early treatment effect to the elderly patients, but have a better mid-term outcome.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 987-991, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829194

ABSTRACT

@#Aortic arch disease is one of the research hotspots and treatment difficulties in the field of aorta, including aortic arch aneurysms, pseudoaneurysm, ulcer, dissection and intramural hematoma. By summarizing the clinical data of the vascular surgery center of Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences in the past five years and combining with the latest theories of the cutting-edge development of aortic surgery, the authors proposed the "HENDO" concept, including using hybrid technique (H), endovascular repair (Endo) and open surgery (O), properly to treat aortic arch pathologies individually. The authors advocated the establishment of HENDO team and cooperation mechanism in large aortic centers, to eliminate technical shortcomings of a single surgeon by fully mastering the three main technology clusters by teamwork. Accordingly, the best treatment for each patient can be administrated and the survival rate and quality of life can be improved eventually.

9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 319-326, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826362

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the early and mid-term results after surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm(TAAA)in patients with DeBakey typeⅠor Ⅲ aortic dissection. The clinical data of 130 patients who underwent TAAA repair for chronic DeBakey typeⅠ(groupⅠ, =47)or type Ⅲ(group Ⅲ, =83)aortic dissections in our center between January 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Early postoperative results,midterm survival,and re-interventions were compared between these two groups. The 30-day mortality rate was 6.9%(=9)in the overall cohort,with no statistic difference between groupⅠand group Ⅲ(10.6% 4.8%;=0.803, =0.370).The incidence of major adverse events(38.3% 51.8%;=2.199, =0.138),5-year actuarial survival rate [(81.7±5.9)% (87.2±4.2)%;=0.483, =0.487],and 5-year actuarial freedom from all reinterventions [(84.5±6.7)% (85.5±4.8)%;=0.010, =0.920] showed no significant differences between these two groups. The early and mid-term outcomes after surgical repair of TAAA are similar for DeBakey typeⅠ and type Ⅲ patients.However,studies with larger sample sizes are still required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Dissection , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Hospital Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 273-277, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871613

ABSTRACT

Objective:By analyzing the early- and mid-term clinical results of type Ⅱ hybrid aortic arch repair(HAAR) for the treatment of acute type A aortic dissection(ATAAD), the efficacy of hybridization technique in the application of acute type A aortic dissection was evaluated systematically.Methods:We retrospectively studied the records of patients with ATAAD who were admitted to the Beijing Fuwai Hospital between January 2016 and December 2018. 504 patients were included for analysis , 383 men and 121 women, mean age(50.0±11.7) years, the rate of hypertension was 79.6%, the average time of onset to operation was(69.5±40.0) hours. During this period, 110 continuous patients underwent hybrid aortic arch repair(HAAR) without deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, the landing zone of stent was located in ascending aorta(zone 0); 394 consecutive patients with ATAAD involving the aortic arch received traditional total aortic arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk(FET). A propensity score-matching analysis was applied to adjust for age and gender.The preoperative, perioperative and postoperative data in the HAAR group and FET group were compared.Results:For all 504 patients , male patients accounted for 75.9%. There were 24 cases of early death(4.8%), 20 cases of stroke(4.0%) and 7 cases of paralysis(1.4%). HAAR group showed more age[(62.1±6.8) years vs (46.6±10.4) years, P<0.001)], hypertension(87.3% vs 77.4%, P=0.033), coronary artery disease(13.6% vs 6.1%, P=0.016) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases(12.7% vs 3.6%, P=0.001) than the FET group. HAAR group showed shorter cardiopulmonary bypass time[(143.7±53.7) min vs (175.3±52.7) min, P<0.001] and aortic cross-clamping time[(78.5±33.6) min vs (106.9±37.8) min, P<0.001] than the FET group. Between the two groups there was no significant difference in operative mortality, rate of reoperation, and late mortality. Follow-up period ranged from 2 to 43 months, averaged(22.6±11.1) months. During folloe-up period , there were 5 cases of death(4.9%) and 3 cases of reoperation(3.1%) in HAAR group, 10 cases of death(2.7%) and 11 cases of reoperation(3.3%) in FET group. 3 patients lost follow-up because of not been rechecked in the outpatient department or the phone was not connected. Conclusion:This single -stage hybrid arch procedure offers an alternative approach to acute type A dissection and associated with acceptable early and midterm major morbidity and mortality in old-age patients. Future further researches are required to confirm the long-term outcomes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 314-316, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871611

ABSTRACT

Aortic graft infections(AGI) are uncommon complications of aortic surgery, although they carry a high mortality. Due to its special anatomical location, the thoracic aorta has less surrounding covered tissue. Once the graft infection occurs, the condition is often more dangerous. Therefore, the treatment of AGI of thoracic aorta is particularly important. This article reviews the surgical treatment of thoracic aorta graft infections.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 449-453, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756374

ABSTRACT

Objective Retrospectively reviewed the early outcomes of one-stop hybrid technique to treat coronary atherosclerotic disease concomitant with penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers (PAU).Methods This study enrolled in 23 cases (male 21,female 2) of coronary atherosclerotic disease concomitant with penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers from Jan 2016 to Dec 2017 in our institute,with the mean age(67.5 ±7.5) years (51-79 years).Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery was performed by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB),the procedure to treat aortic arch lesion included isolated CABG + thoracic endovascular stent graft in 2 patients,CABG + brachiocephalic arteries debranching + thoracic endovascular stent graft in 18 patients,CABG + hybrid total aortic arch replacement + thoracic endovascular stent graft in 3 patients.Results Mean CPB time was(94.3 ±25.7) min(55-145 min),mean aortic cross-clamp time was (61.4 ± 19.3) min(26-97 min),intraoperative blood loss was (654.8 ± 78.7) ml (510-900 ml),20 patients (87.0%) needed blood transfusion therapy . Median mechanical ventilation time was 18 hours(9-249 hours),with 1 patient (4.3 %)exceeded 48 hours.Median intensive care unit stay time was 2.8 days(1-23 days),with 6 patients(26.1%) exceeded 4 days.There was no in-hospital mortality.The postoperative complications included:paresis in 2 patients (8.7%),re-exploration for bleeding in 1 patient (4.3%),pleural effusion in 1 patient (4.3%),pneumothorax in 1 patient (4.3%),paraplegia、pulmonary infection、acute renal insufficiency、respiratory failure、re-intubation in 1 patient (4.3 %).Conclusion The one-stop hybrid technique for treating coronary atherosclerotic disease concomitant with PAU was effective and safe.The early clinical outcome was satisfactory.Mid and long-term result need further follow-up to study.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 633-636, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754024

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) following aortic surgery in Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and evaluate the effect of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies, to summarize the experience in the prevention and treatment of SCI at perioperative period of aortic surgery. Methods The clinical data of patients underwent aortic surgery admitted to vascular center of Fuwai Hospital from January 2011 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients receiving traditional spinal cord protection strategies from January 2011 to December 2016 were defined as the control group, while the patients receiving standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies from January 2017 to December 2018 were defined as the standardized treatment group. The standardized multidisciplinary treatment included preoperative cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD), respiratory tract management, and maintenance of effective circulation of the lowest venous pressure; at the same time, anticoagulation, glucocorticoid, improve microcirculation, scavenge oxygen free radicals and other adjuvant treatments were started, and nerve function was monitored to prevent complications. The changes in SCI incidence after aortic surgery between the two groups were observed in order to evaluate the effect of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies. Meanwhile, the types of SCI after operation and the safety of CSFD were analyzed. Results During the 8-year period, 7 724 patients underwent aortic surgery at vascular center of Fuwai Hospital, 64 of which suffered from SCI after aortic surgery with total incidence of 0.83%. The onset of SCI was immediate in 39 patients (60.94%) and was delayed in 25 patients (39.06%), more than half of patients were immediate SCI. Of 64 patients with SCI, 52 patients (81.25%) underwent paraplegia and 12 (18.75%) underwent paraparesis. SCI persisted beyond discharge in 38 patients (59.38%) and 25 patients (39.06%) fully or partly recovered form SCI. One patient (1.56%) died. Compared with the control group, the incidence of SCI was decreased significantly after application of standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies. The total incidence of SCI after aortic surgery was decreased from 1.06% (52/4 893) to 0.42% (12/2 831), the incidence after aortic arch replacement under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest was decreased from 3.66% (40/1 092) to 1.11% (5/450), and the incidence after thoraco-abdominal aortic replacement was decreased from 9.40% (11/117) to 2.47% (2/81) with statistically significant difference (all P < 0.05). Perioperative CSFD analysis showed that the incidence of CSFD-related complications was low, the overall incidence was 5.45% (3/55), including 1 patient of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, 2 patients of blood cerebrospinal fluid. No serious complications such as hemorrhage and infection of central nervous system occurred. Conclusions The main type of SCI after aortic surgery was immediate, about 39% SCI patients fully or partly recovered. Standardized multidisciplinary spinal cord protection strategies which included preoperative CSFD, reduced incidence of SCI after aortic surgery. The incidence of CSFD-related complications was low, which was safe and effective.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 480-484, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810012

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate theperiodic changes in onset of aortic dissection.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 1 121 patients with acute aortic dissection from Hebei province, treated at Fuwai hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016, were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The regularity for the onset of aortic dissection was analyzed according to daytime (1:00 to 6:00, 7:00 to 12:00, 13:00 to 18:00, and 19:00 to 24:00), weekday, month, and quarter. Meanwhile,the differences in various type of aortic dissection patient were also compared.@*Results@#The patients were (51.4±12.0) years old,77.88% (873 cases)were male and 69.05% (774 cases) were type A aortic dissection.The peak period for the onset of the disease in a day was from 13:00 to 18:00 (401 cases. 35.77%),and disease onset was less frequent from 1:00 to 6:00 (196 cases, 17.48%).The peak weekday of disease onset was Monday (173 cases, 15.43%) , and disease onset was less frequent on Friday (153 cases, 13.65%) . The peak month of disease onset was January (135 cases, 12.04%), and disease onset was less frequent in July(54 cases, 4.82%). The peak season of disease onset was winter (349 cases, 31.13%), and disease onset was less frequent in summer (184 cases, 16.41%). Number of disease onset was similar between ≥65 years old and<65 years old groups, with or without hypertension groups, with or without Marfan syndrome groups at different periods of a day, each weekday, and seasons(all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are periodic changes in the onset of acute aortic dissection,which is higher in winter than in summer, higher in the afternoon than in the morning.

15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 74-77, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809781

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between the incidence of aortic dissection and climate change.@*Methods@#The characteristics of 345 acute aortic dissection patients came from Beijing in Department of Vascular Surgery, Fu Wai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College from January 2005 to December 2015 were analyzed, retrospectively. There were 266 male and 79 female patients with a mean age of (49±12) years. There were 209 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection, and 136 cases of type B. According to Fuwai aortic dissection classification: type A 8 cases, type B 95 cases, type Cp 13 cases, type Ct 187 cases, type Cd 40 cases, type D 2 cases. Meanwhile, monthly maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average temperature, average pressure, amount of rainfall, sunshine, relative humidity and other meteorological data were collected. Rank-sum test was used to analyze the difference of onset of aortic dissection in different seasons and months. Generalized additive models were implied to explore climate change and the onset of aortic dissection.@*Results@#The onset of aortic dissection was related to season. Winter had higher morbidity compared to summer (M(QR): 3(2) vs. 2(2), Z=1.97, P=0.05). The occurrence of aortic dissection was associated with month.December had the largest quantity, July had the least (2(3) vs. 2(1), Z=2.42, P=0.02). The mean temperature was statistically significant for indicating the change of aortic dissection onset. It meaned that onset probability was increased with the decrease of temperature (RR=1.01, 95%CI: 1.00 to 1.02, P=0.04).@*Conclusions@#The onset of aortic dissection had something to do with season and month. The incidence of aortic dissection increases with temperature decreases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 26-31, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711714

ABSTRACT

Objective Nowadays, emergency surgery is the most important method to treat acute type A aortic dissec-tion.There are many factors that can affect the prognosis, but the relationship between time period and the prognosis of aortic dissection surgery has not been reported.Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between different time periods and the prognosis of acute type A aortic dissection surgery .Methods We retrospectively analyzed the characteris-tics of acute type A aortic dissection surgery in Fuwai Hospital from 2010 to 2015.All patients were divided into two groups ac-cording to different time period .Propensity matching analysis was used to compare in-hospital mortality and post-operative com-plications of these groups.Results There were 698 cases acute aortic dissection surgery during study period.321 cases were operated in the nighttime(45.98%), the others were operated during daytime(54.02%).After propensity score matching, the operation time, extracorporeal bypass time, and the aortic blocking time of nighttime group were longer than daytime group , and there was a statistical difference(P<0.01).There was a statistical difference between the two groups of postoperative con-tinuous renal replacement therapy.Nighttime group had higher incidence(15.94% vs.5.64 %, P<0.01).There was statis-tically significant in 30-day mortality between daytime group and nighttime group(5.26% vs.10.53%, P=0.03).The mul-tiple-factor risk analysis of 30-day mortality in the whole group found that nighttime surgery was an independent risk factor ( OR 2.13, 95%CI 1.19-3.81, P=0.01).Conclusion For acute type A aortic dissection surgery, nighttime surgery may be the important factor for increasing 30-day mortality.For relatively stable patients, avoiding nighttime surgery may increase survival rate.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 729-733, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735032

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience and strategy of surgical treatment of Kommerell diverticulum and related aortic dissection aneurysm.Methods From November 2012 to January 2018,4 patients(all males),with median age of 44 (from 40 to 49) years old,underwent surgical treatment in our institution.All the patients had fight-sided aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery.One patient had type A aortic dissection and other 3 had type B aortic dissection(one had chronic type B dissection).The patient with type A aortic dissection had Bentall procedure plus total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk implantation.One patient with chronic type B aortic dissection received type 2 hybrid aortic arch repair.One patient with acute type B aortic dissection had ascending aorta and total arch replacement plus frozen elephant trunk implantation followed by TEVAR.The last patient underwent graft replacement of aorta,total arch and descending thoracic aorta.Results There was no operative mortality.The median mechanical ventilation time was 229 (from 13 to 485) hours,the median ICU stay was 12 (from 2 to 27) days.One patient died from respiratory and circulatory failure due to compression of left main bronchus on the 17th day after operation.One patient had irritating cough due to mild compression of bifucation of trachea and the symptom resolved spontaneously before discharge.One patient had critical illness polyneuropathy after operation and received mechanical ventilation therapy for 485 hours.He recovered through neurotrophic drug treatment.The median follow-up time is 15 (from 4 to 36) months.The patients with type A dissection had delayed dilation of descending thoracic aorta beyond the frozen elephant trunk and received TEVAR 6 months later.The CT scans of the other two patients during follow-up time showed good morphology and patency of graft and branches.There was no anastomotic leakage and pseudoaneurysm.Conclusion The decision making of treatment of Kommerell diverticulum and related aortic dissection should be on the basis of classification of aortic dissection.Operation combined with TEVAR is safe and effective.

18.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735018

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of surgical treatment of Kommerell diverticulum and related aortic arch and descending thoracic aneurysm. Methods From November 2012 to January 2018,6 patients(5 males,and 1 fe-male),with median age of 46(from 14 to 63)years old,underwent graft replacement of involved aortic segment in our institu-tion . All the patients had symptom including persistent backache(3 patients),hoarseness( 1 patient),recurrent pneumonia( 1 patient)and hemoptysis( 1 patient). All the patients had right-sided aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery. True aneu-rysm occurred in 5 patients and pseudoaneurysm occurred in 1 patients. The median diameter of the aneurysms was 65mm(53- 80 mm). Two kinds of approaches were used:left posterior thoracotomy(2 patients)and median sternotomy plus right poste-rior thoracotomy(4 patients). The left posterior thoracotomy was achieved through the fourth and seventh intercostal space with excellent exposure of the whole descending thoracic aneurysm. For each patient,the aneurysm was resected with the proximal and distal aortic segment were clamped and the ligamentum arteriosum were divided. A branched woven polyester graft was used to reconstruct the descending thoracic aneurysm. 1 or 2 subclavian arteries were replaced with 10mm collagen-impregnated pol-yester grafts. One patient received total arch and partial descending thoracic aorta replacement with reconstruction of 3 supra-arch vessels. Results There was no operative mortality. The median clamping time of descending aorta was 28(22 - 61)mi-nutes,the median mechanical ventilation time was 33. 5(6 - 485)hours,the median ICU stay was 4( 1 - 31)days. One pa-tient died from central respiratory and circulatory failure due to acute brain stem infarction on the 31st day after operation. One patient suffered from reentry to ICU due to hyoxemia and recovered through expectant treatment. One patient had critical illness polyneuropathy after operation and received mechanical ventilation therapy for 485 hours,he recovered through neurotrophic drug treatment. The median follow-up time is 5( 1 - 46)months. 5 patients lived with no discomfort and the CT scans during follow-up time showed good morphology and patency of graft and branches. There was no anastomotic leakage and pseudoaneu-rysm. Conclusion Surgical treatment of Kommerell diverticulum is safe and effective. Subclavian artery should be reconstruc-ted.

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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 587-590, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667462

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to evaluate the prognosis of the reconstruction of left subclavian artery (LSA)in thoracic endovascular aortic repair(TEVAR)for patients with aortic arch disease.Methods From January 2010 to August 2016,55 patients with aortic arch disease(left vertebral artery dominance)who had undergone TEVAR including LSA covered in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled.28 patients received concomitant reconstruction of LSA.The study endpoints includ-ed: postoperative death, reoperation, stroke and aorta-related adverse events.Results Follow-up data were obtained from all patients.The mean follow-up time was(30.0 ±17.5)months.All patients were diagnosed with left vertebral artery dominance by preoperative computerized tomography of aorta.The preoperative diameter of left vertebral artery was(4.88 ±0.85)mm while the right vertebral artery was(3.00 ±0.75)mm.There were no in-hospital deaths,reoperations and aorta-related adverse events.Three patients died and 2 patients experienced Type Ⅳ endoleak during the follow up.Conclusion The mid-term prognosis of the reconstruction of left subclavian artery in thoracic endovascular aortic repair for patients with aortic arch disease are good and long-term follow-up is necessary.

20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 338-342, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621396

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize experience of concomitant endovascular aneurysm aortic repair(EVAR) and coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) for patients of severe coronary artery disease(CAD) complicated with infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA) or infra-renal abdominal penetrating aortic ulcer(PAU).Methods Between January 2013 and December 2016,13 patients with severe CAD and infra-renal AAA/PAU who underwent CABG and EVAR were enrolled in this study.12 patients (92.3 %) were male and 1 patient was female (7.7 %),the mean age of(63.7 ± 7.3) years.11 patients with CAD related symptoms,2 patients with AAA/PAU related symptoms,abdominal aortic lesions include:AAA in 3cases,PAU in 10 cases,2 patients combined with PAU of the thoracic aorta.CABG and EVAR manipulations were performed according to the routine protocol,patients who were combined with thoracic aorta PAU were treated with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) simultaneously.Results 7 patients received EVAR followed by CABG;6 patients received CABG followed by EVAR,TEVAR were performed in 2 patients.For all the patients,there were 11 cases of CABG were performed under the cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) (ON-PUMP) and 2 others cases were performed without CPB(OFF-PUMP).On the average(2.5 ± 0.7)grafts were performed.The time of aortic clamp and CPB averaged were(50.7 ± 16.5)min and (58.0 ± 11.2)min respectively for the ON-PUMP CABG patients.Totally 30 thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta stent grafts were implanted in 13 patients.The duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation time was (17.8 ± 7.0) hours,Median intensive care stay was (2.7 ± 1.9) days,while hospital stay was(8.1 ± 2.4)days.All the patients was discharged.1 patient suffered wound unhealing 2 days after discharging,followed by sternal infection,he was re-admitted and received pectoralis major myocutaneous flap transfer operation,29 days after this operation,he suffered sudden cardiac arrest and eventually dead.The other 12 surviving patients was followed up for 1 ~ 36 months,The results showed that the patency of the grafts in all patients was good,no EVAR related secondary interventions were required.Conclusion For the patients with surgical indications,the procedure of one stage CABG and EVAR completed by one surgical team was safe and feasible.Comparing with the traditional one stage or staged surgical repair,this strategy showed less surgical trauma,shorter operation time,lower perioperative risks,more efficacy and more conducive to the overall management of patients.

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