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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373090

ABSTRACT

Objective: This in vitro study evaluated the effect of neolignan-containing solutions on dentin biomodification previously applied to the bonding procedure in adhesive restorations. Material and Methods: Neolignans, dehydrodieugenol B­CP1 and dehydrodieugenol B methyl ether­CP2, were isolated from Nectandra leucanthaand two aqueous solutions containing 0.13% neolignans, 0.2% propylene glycol and 3.0% ethanol were prepared. Bovine teeth were ground flat to obtain 2-mm thick specimens which received resin composite restorations (N=10). The neolignan solutions were applied before the bonding procedure (60 s). Experimental groups were: control, untreated group, 0.12% chlorhexidine gel, 0.13% CP1 solution, and 0.13% CP2 solution. A push-out bond strength test was conducted (0.5 mm/min). Bovine tooth sections (0.5×1.7×7.0 mm) were also obtained to assess the modulus of elasticity and mass change after treatment (N=15). A three-point bending test evaluated the elastic modulus of fully demineralized dentine beams after immersion in the solutions. The data were statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). Results: The bond strength of the restorations to dentin was significantly improved by the treatment with neolignan-containing solutions, irrespective of the evaluation time (p<0.05). After 6 months, a significant reduction in the bond strength was observed in the groups treated with the solutions (p>0.05), but the means were significantly higher than the control groups (p<0.05). The elastic modulus of demineralized dentin was significantly improved after the treatment with the solutions (p<0.05). All groups lost mass weight. Conclusion: The solutions improved the in vitro longevity of bonded restorations, possibly due to the dentin biomodification effect of the neolignans.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro avaliou o efeito de soluções contendo neolignanas na biomodificação da dentina aplicadas previamente à restaurações adesivas. Material e Métodos: Neolignanas, desidrodieugenol B­CP1 e éter metílico de desidrodieugenol B-CP2, foram isolados da espécie Nectandra leucantha e duas soluções aquosas contendo 0,13% de neolignanos, 0,2% de propilenoglicol e 3,0% de etanol foram preparadas. Dentes bovinos foram lixados para obter espécimes de 2 mm de espessura e preparos cavitários restaurados com resina composta (N=10). As soluções foram aplicadas em dentina antes do procedimento adesivo (60 s). Os grupos experimentais foram: controle, grupo não tratado, gel de clorexidina 0,12%, solução de CP1 a 0,13% e solução de CP2 a 0,13%. Foi realizado o teste de resistência de união push-out (0,5 mm/min). O módulo de elasticidade e a alteração de massa após tratamento da dentina (0,5×1,7×7,0 mm) foram também avaliados em teste de flexão de três pontos (N=15). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente (α=0,05). Resultados: A resistência de união das restaurações à dentina melhorou significativamente com o tratamento com as soluções, independentemente do tempo de avaliação (p<0,05). Após 6 meses, foi observada redução significativa da resistência de união nos grupos tratados com as soluções (p>0,05), com médias significativamente maiores do que nos grupos controle (p<0,05). O módulo de elasticidade da dentina desmineralizada aumentou significativamente após tratamento com as soluções (p<0,05). Todos os grupos perderam massa, independentemente do tratamento. Conclusão: As soluções melhoraram in vitroa longevidade das restaurações adesivas, possivelmente devido ao efeito biomodificador da dentina das neolignanas(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plants, Medicinal , Lignans , Collagen Type I , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352596

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro objetivou caracterizar o teor de minerais e a morfologia das partículas de um dentifrício fluoretado contendo tecnologia REFIX e o teor de minerais e a morfologia da superfície do esmalte tratada com este produto. Material e Métodos: Blocos de esmalte bovino (n=5) foram obtidos (4×4×6 mm), desmineralizados (lesão de cárie artificial) e tratados (ciclagem de pH e escovação com dentifrício). Durante a ciclagem de pH de 7 dias (desmineralização e remineralização levaram 6 h e 18 h, respectivamente), o esmalte foi escovado por 5 min com uma escova dental elétrica antes de ser imerso em uma solução de remineralização. Avaliou-se a micromorfologia e os níveis elementares (% em peso) dos íons presentes no dentifrício e na camada formada sobre o esmalte após o tratamento. A morfologia da superfície foi avaliada por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). As análises elementares foram realizadas usando um espectrômetro de energia dispersiva de raios-X (EDS). Resultados: A análise por MEV do dentifrício demonstrou uma distribuição de tamanho uniforme de partículas de forma regular que foram organizados esparsamente em "nanoclusters". A análise elementar da formulação do dentifrício demonstrou a presença de Si (silício), Na (sódio), P (fósforo) e F (flúor), entre outros. Observou-se também uma camada mineral na superfície de esmalte com espessura uniforme consistente em torno de 14 µm. Conclusão: De acordo com os resultados, conclui-se que a tecnologia REFIX modifica a superfície e subsuperfície da estrutura do esmalte, formando uma camada mineral rica em silício. (AU)


Objective: This in vitro study aimed at characterizing the mineral content and filler particle morphology of a fluoridated toothpaste containing REFIX technology and the mineral content and the morphology of the enamel surface treated with this product. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n=5) were obtained (4×4×6 mm), demineralized (artificial caries lesion), and treated (pH cycling and brushing with the toothpaste). During the pH cycling, which lasted for 7 days (demineralization and remineralization took 6 h and 18 h, respectively), the enamel was brushed for 5 min using an electric toothbrush before being immersed in a remineralization solution. We evaluated the micromorphology and elemental levels (wt%) of ions present in the toothpaste and on the layer formed over the enamel following the treatment. The surface morphology was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The elemental analyses were performed using an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). Results: Scanning electron micrographs of the toothpaste demonstrated a uniform size distribution of regular-shaped fillers sparsely organized in nanoclusters. Elemental analysis of the toothpaste's formulation demonstrated the presence of Si (silicon), Na (sodium), P (phosphorus), and F (fluorine), among others. We also detected a mineral layer that had formed on the treated enamel surface; the layer had a consistent uniform thickness of ~14 µm. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be stated that REFIX technology modifies the surface and subsurface of the enamel structure, forming a Si-rich mineral layer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Remineralization , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Enamel , Dentifrices
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(4): 442-454, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893637

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of a conservative treatment to prevent the progression of caries using an infiltrant on non-cavitated pit and fissures. Material and Methods This controlled clinical trial selected 23 volunteers with clinically and radiographically non-cavitated occlusal caries among patients presenting a "rather low" to "very high" caries risk. Eighty-six teeth were randomly divided into two experimental groups: teeth receiving a commercial pit-and-fissure sealant (Alpha Seal-DFL) and contralateral teeth receiving Icon infiltrant (DMG). Caries progression was monitored by clinical (laser fluorescence caries detection) and radiographic examination at 12-month intervals over a period of 3 years of monitored caries progression. Probing the sealing materials to detect areas of retention was also used to evaluate marginal integrity. Results Statistical analysis showed no difference in caries progression using laser fluorescence caries detection when both materials were compared, regardless of the evaluation times (p>0.05). No significance was observed when the marginal sealant integrity of both materials was compared, regardless of the evaluation time (p<0.05). Marginal integrity significantly reduced after 1 year for both materials (p<0.05), but remained stable after 2 and 3 years of evaluation, compared with 1-year results (p>0.05). SEM analysis exhibited a more homogeneous sealing for the infiltrant than obtained by the sealant. Conclusions The infiltrant was effective to prevent the caries progression in non-cavitated pit-and-fissures after 3 years of clinical evaluation, comparable with the conventional sealant. The infiltrant also presented better results in terms of caries progression at the 3-year evaluation time using the radiographic analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Resins, Synthetic/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Radiography, Dental , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Disease Progression , Dental Caries/diagnostic imaging , Fluorescence
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 437-446, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797981

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of an application technique of a glass-fiber post using self-adhesive resin cements on the push-out bond strength and the presence of bubbles in the root thirds. The cements were either applied according to the manufacturer's instruction or using a commercial delivering system (Centrix), at which the cement pastes were collected and applied after manipulation. Material and Methods: Self-adhesive resin cements (RelyX U200/3M ESPE-U200; Maxcem Elite/Kerr-MAX; Clearfil SA Cement/Kuraray-CSA) and a conventional cement (RelyX ARC/3M ESPE-ARC) were used to cement a post and applied either based on the manufacturer's instructions or using a Centrix syringe to deliver the cements directly onto the post of choice, or directly into canal. The roots were scanned with a micro-computed tomography (μCT) and then sectioned into nine 1-mm thick slices for a push-out bond strength test. The μCT images showed the percentage of bubbles in the root thirds (cervical, medium, and apical). Data were analyzed with three-way ANOVA/Tukey (α=0.05). Results: Triple interaction was not significant (p>0.05). The interaction “material” vs “root third” was not significant. A significant interaction was observed between “material” vs “application technique” (p<0.05). For ARC, U200, and MAX, significantly lower percentages of bubbles were observed when the Centrix syringe delivered the cements. Equivalent percentages of voids were observed for CSA, irrespective of the application technique (p>0.05). Significantly higher bond strength was observed when the self-adhesive resin cements were applied using the Centrix delivery system, in comparison with the manufacturer's instructions (p<0.05). Bond strength varied with the root third: cervical>medium>apical (p<0.05). No correlations were found between the bond strength and voids. Conclusions: Bond strength and voids are negatively influenced by the conventional application technique for luting fiber posts. The delivery system (Centrix) seems to produce better results when cementing fiber posts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Cementation/methods , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Regression Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , X-Ray Microtomography
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(2): 120-128, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-746540

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanical properties of different classifications of composites indicated for posterior application as functions of the storage condition and of the energy dose. Material and Methods: Specimens (8x2x2 mm) were obtained according to the factors: I) Composites (3M ESPE): Filtek P60, Filtek Z350XT, and Filtek Silorane; II) Syringe storage conditions: room temperature, aged, oven, refrigerator, and freezer; and III) Energy dose: 24 J/cm2 and 48 J/cm2. After photoactivation, the specimens were stored at 37ºC for 24 h. After storage, a three-point bending test was carried out in a universal testing machine at 0.5 mm/min. Flexural strength (S) and flexural modulus (E) were calculated. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). Results: Different storage conditions significantly affected the silorane composite for S; conversely, no effects were noted in terms of E. The accelerated aging protocol significantly increased the S of Filtek P60 and Filtek Silorane, whereas storage in the oven significantly decreased the S for all of the composites tested. Filtek P60 was the only composite not affected by the lower storage temperatures tested for S, whereas for the silorane this parameter was impacted at the same conditions. The factor "dose" was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The syringe storage at different temperature conditions proved to influence mostly the flexural strength, a clinically important characteristic considering the posterior indication of the materials tested. The silorane composite should not be stored at lower temperatures. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Food Contamination/analysis , Infant Food/analysis , Nitrates/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Food, Organic/analysis , Fruit , Nitrates/administration & dosage , Portugal , Risk Factors , Vegetables
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(5): 373-381, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-729842

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the hardness (KHN), color stability (DE), and superficial micromorphology of two categories of composites after immersion in either distilled water or grape juice for up to 45 days. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cylindrical specimens (6 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) were obtained according to the factors: composite [Opallis (FGM) and Filtek Z350XT (3M ESPE)]; immersion solution (distilled water and grape juice); and evaluation time: 24 h and 7, 14, 21, 28, and 45 days. After photoactivation, the specimens were stored at 37ºC for 24 h. KHN (50 g/15 s) and ΔE were then repeatedly assessed according to the immersion solutions. Data were analyzed (three-way ANOVA/Tukey's test). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) topographic analysis was also performed. RESULTS: In general, KHN of both composites reduced after 24 h, irrespective of the immersion solution and time. A significantly lower KHN was noted for Opallis compared with Filtek Z350XT in all parameters. An increase in ΔE over time was noted for both composites, irrespective of the immersion solution. Significantly higher ΔE was noted for Filtek Z350XT immersed in grape juice compared with Opallis, regardless of the evaluation time. The grape juice caused significantly higher DE compared with water in all periods. SEM analysis showed eroded areas for Filtek Z350XT but not for Opallis. CONCLUSIONS: The compositions and immersion solutions influence the composite hardness and the color stability. In spite of the higher hardness, the nanofilled composite is more susceptible to color change than the microhybrid when immersed in an acidic dyed solution. .


Subject(s)
Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects , Composite Resins/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Color , Hardness Tests , Immersion , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Vitis , Water/chemistry
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(4): 294-301, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-718289

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of solvent evaporation in the kinetics of water diffusion (water sorption-WS, solubility-SL, and net water uptake) and nanoleakage of adhesive systems. Material and Methods: Disk-shaped specimens (5.0 mm in diameter x 0.8 mm in thickness) were produced (N=48) using the adhesives: Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3)/Kuraray, Clearfil SE Bond - control group (CSE)/Kuraray, Optibond Solo Plus (OS)/Kerr and Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SBU)/3M ESPE. The solvents were either evaporated for 30 s or not evaporated (N=24/per group), and then photoactivated for 80 s (550 mW/cm2). After desiccation, the specimens were weighed and stored in distilled water (N=12) or mineral oil (N=12) to evaluate the water diffusion over a 7-day period. Net water uptake (%) was also calculated as the sum of WS and SL. Data were submitted to 3-way ANOVA/Tukey's test (α=5%). The nanoleakage expression in three additional specimens per group was also evaluated after ammoniacal silver impregnation after 7 days of water storage under SEM. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that only the factor "adhesive" was significant (p<0.05). Solvent evaporation had no influence in the WS and SL of the adhesives. CSE (control) presented significantly lower net uptake (5.4%). The nanoleakage was enhanced by the presence of solvent in the adhesives. Conclusions: Although the evaporation has no effect in the kinetics of water diffusion, the nanoleakage expression of the adhesives tested increases when the solvents are not evaporated. .


Subject(s)
Dental Leakage , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Materials Testing , Solubility/drug effects , Time Factors , Volatilization
8.
Braz. oral res ; 26(3): 275-281, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622931

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fracture resistance of teeth restored with resin composite. Forty-eight maxillary premolar teeth were chosen and randomly divided to six groups: G1 (control): sound teeth; G2: MOD preparation, unrestored; G3: MOD + Adper Single Bond 2/P60; G4: MOD + Adper Easy One/P60; G5: MOD + P90 restorative system; G6: MOD + Adper Easy One/P90 Bond/P90. Specimens were subjected to compressive axial loading (0.5 mm/min). Flexural strength and the modulus of elasticity were also tested (n = 7). The only statistical equivalence with sound teeth was noted for G3 (p < 0.05). Flexural strength and the modulus of elasticity varied among the composites tested (n = 10). The reestablishment of the resistance to fracture in premolars subjected to Class II MOD preparations is restorative-system-dependent. The silorane restorative system is not able to recover the resistance to fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Tooth Fractures , Analysis of Variance , Compressive Strength , Dental Stress Analysis , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
9.
Braz. oral res ; 26(3): 280-287, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622945

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the influence of solvent evaporation conditions of acid-etching adhesives. The medium dentin of thirty extracted human third molars was exposed and bonded to different types of etch-and-rinse adhesives: 1) Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (SBMP) ; water-based; 2) Adper Single Bond 2 (SB) ; ethanol/water-based, and 3) Prime & Bond 2.1 (PB) ; acetone-based. Solvents were evaporated at air-drying temperatures of 21ºC or 38ºC. Composite buildups were incrementally constructed. After storage in water for 24 h at 37ºC, the specimens were prepared for bond strength testing. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%). SBMP performed better when the solvents were evaporated at a higher temperature (p < 0.05). Higher temperatures did not affect the performance of SB or PB. Bond strength at room temperature was material-dependent, and air-drying temperatures affected bonding of the water-based, acid-etching adhesive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Air , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Hot Temperature , Solvents/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins/chemistry , Materials Testing , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Volatilization
10.
Braz. oral res ; 26(2): 177-182, Mar.-Apr. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622914

ABSTRACT

This study examined the immediate bond strength of etch-and-rinse adhesives to demineralized dentin saturated with either water or absolute ethanol. The research hypothesis was that there would be no difference in bond strength to dentin between water or ethanol wet-bonding techniques. The medium dentin of 20 third molars was exposed (n = 5). The dentin surface was then acid-etched, left moist and randomly assigned to be saturated via either water wet-bonding (WBT) or absolute ethanol wet-bonding (EBT). The specimens were then treated with one of the following etch-and-rinse adhesive systems: a 3-step, water-based system (Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose, or SBMP) or a 2-step, ethanol/water-based system (Adper Single Bond 2, or SB). Resin composite build-ups were then incrementally constructed. After water storage for 24 h at 37°C, the tensile strength of the specimens was tested in a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (a = 5%). The failure modes were verified using a stereomicroscope (40'). For both adhesives, no significant difference in bond strength was observed between WBT and EBT (p > 0.05). The highest bond strength was observed for SB, regardless of the bonding technique (p < 0.05). No significant interaction between adhesives and bonding techniques was noticed (p = 0.597). There was a predominance of adhesive failures for all tested groups. The EBT and WBT displayed similar immediate bond strength means for both adhesives. The SB adhesive exhibited higher means for all conditions tested. Further investigations are needed to evaluate long-term bonding to dentin mediated by commercial etch-and-rinse adhesives using the EBT approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Ethanol/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin/chemistry , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Materials Testing , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tensile Strength/drug effects , Water
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 17(3): 150-154, May-June 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-514024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microhardness of resin-modified glass-ionomer cements (RMGICs) photoactivated with a blue light-emitting diode (LED) curing light. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty specimens were distributed in 3 groups: Fuji II LC Improved/GC (RM1), Vitremer/3M ESPE (RM2) and Filtek Z250/ 3M ESPE (RM3). Two commercial light-curing units were used to polymerize the materials: LED/Ultrablue IS and a halogen light/XL3000 (QTH). After 24 h, Knoop microhardness test was performed. Data were submitted to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test at a pre-set alpha of 0.05. RESULTS: At the top surface, no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) in the microhardness was seen when the LED and QTH lights were used for all materials. At the bottom surface, microhardness mean value of RM2 was significantly higher when the QTH light was used (p<0.05). For RM1, statistically significant higher values (p<0.05) were seen when the LED light was used. No statistically significant difference (p>0.05) was seen at the bottom surface for RM3, irrespective of the light used. Top-to-bottom surface comparison showed no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) for both RMGICs, regardless of the light used. For RM3, microhardness mean value at the top was significantly higher (p<0.05) than bottom microhardness when both curing units were used. CONCLUSION: The microhardness values seen when a LED light was used varied depending on the restorative material tested.


Subject(s)
Curing Lights, Dental , Glass Ionomer Cements/radiation effects , Composite Resins/radiation effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Halogens , Hardness , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives , Materials Testing , Resins, Synthetic/radiation effects , Semiconductors , Surface Properties
12.
Braz. oral res ; 22(2): 164-169, 2008. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-874025

ABSTRACT

O Objetivo Deste estudo da UM Foi avaliar Influência de Diferentes fontes de luz Sobre a Resistência adesiva de resina Composta de restaurações indiretas cimentadas com cimento resinoso dual hum . A dentina superficial de Terceiros molares Humanos Foi exposto e ácido - Gravado e hum Sistema Adesivo Foi aplicado (Single Bond 2 ). Quatro mm de espessura de resina Composta de restaurações indiretas ( GRADIA ) foram confeccionadas e cimentadas com cimento resinoso UM dual (Rely X). Quatro fontes de luz Foram utilizados Parágrafo polimerizar o cimento : QTH - Optilux 401; LED1 - LEDemetron 1; LED2 - Optilight CL e LED3 - Ultralume 5. Os dentes Por armazenados Foram 24 horas e seccionados , produzindo espécimes em forma de n com Bastão grupo CADA área aderida de 1,0 mm ². Os espécimes Foram então testados em Uma Máquina Universal de Ensaios , a Uma Velocidade de 1 mm / min. Os Dados Foram analisados Usando ANOVA. Bond Força Os valores médios foram: QTH : 22,5 (± 8,4 ); LED1 : 22,7 (± 9,4 ); LED2 : 21,4 (± 10,2 ) e 27,3 LED3: (± 13,8 ). Não Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa Entre os Grupos experimentais . A resistência de União Valores QUANDO o cimento com Diferentes Foi Luzes LED polimerizada Foram equivalentes EAo QUANDO valores de Uma luz QTH Foi Utilizada . Pode-se concluir Que A variedade de fontes de luz Não Utilizadas presente estudo , Não influenciou Uma Resistência de União de resina Composta de restaurações indiretas cimentadas com cimento resinoso dual Zumbido


Subject(s)
Humans , Curing Lights, Dental
13.
Braz. oral res ; 22(2): 164-169, 2008. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-485957

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different light sources on the bond strength of indirect resin composite restorations cemented with a dual-cure resin cement. The superficial dentin of human third molars was exposed and acid-etched and an adhesive system was applied (Single Bond 2). Four-mm-thick indirect resin composite restorations (Gradia) were fabricated and cemented using a dual-cure resin cement (Rely X). Four light sources were used to polymerize the cement: QTH - Optilux 401; LED1 - L.E.Demetron 1; LED2 - Optilight CL; and LED3 - Ultralume 5. The teeth were stored for 24 h and then sectioned, yielding stick-shaped specimens for each group with a bonded area of 1.0 mm². The specimens were then tested in a universal testing machine, at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. Bond strength mean values were: QTH: 22.5 (± 8.4); LED1: 22.7 (± 9.4); LED2: 21.4 (± 10.2); and LED3: 27.3 (± 13.8). No statistically significant difference was observed among the experimental groups. The bond strength values when the cement was polymerized using different LED lights were equivalent to the values when the QTH light was used. It can be concluded that the variety of light sources used in the present study did not influence the bond strength of indirect resin composite restorations cemented with a dual-cure resin cement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curing Lights, Dental , Cementation/methods , Composite Resins/radiation effects , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Resin Cements/radiation effects , Analysis of Variance , Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Materials/chemistry , Light , Materials Testing , Polyurethanes/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Technology, Dental/instrumentation
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 15(1): 49-54, Jan.-Feb. 2007. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-450011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the internal adaptation of Class V composite restorations to the cavity walls using three different techniques of polymerization. METHODS: Standard cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 24 extracted human third molars with margins located above and below the cementoenamel junction. Restorations were placed in one increment using two restorative systems: 3M Filtek A110/ Single Bond (M) and 3M Filtek Z250/ Single Bond (H) in the same tooth, randomly in the buccal and lingual surfaces. Resin composites were polymerized using three techniques: Group 1 - Conventional (60 s - 600 mW/cm²); Group 2 - Soft-start (20 s - 200 mW/cm² , 40 s - 600 mW/cm²); Group 3 - Pulse Activation (3 s - 200 mW/cm², 3-min hiatus, 57 s - 600 mW/cm²). Buccolingual sections were polished, impressions taken and replicated. Specimens were assessed under scanning electron microscopy up to X1000 magnification. Scores were given for presence or absence of gaps (0 - no gap; 1 - gap in one wall; 2 - gap in two walls; 3 - gap in three walls). RESULTS: The mean scores of the groups were (±SD) were: G1M-3.0 (± 0.0); G2M-2.43 (± 0.8); G3M- 1.71 (± 0.9); G1H- 2.14 (± 1.2); G2H- 2.00 (± 0.8); G3H- 1.67 (± 1.1). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunnet's tests. No statistically significant difference (p>0.05) was found among groups. Gaps were observed in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: The photocuring technique and the type of resin composite had no influence on the internal adaptation of the material to the cavity walls. A positive effect was observed when the slow polymerization techniques were used.

15.
Braz. oral res ; 20(4): 337-341, Oct.-Dec. 2006. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-440182

ABSTRACT

The microhardness of a bleaching-shade resin composite polymerized with different light-curing units was evaluated. Composite samples (3M ESPE Filtek Supreme) were applied to brass rings (2 mm in thickness, 5 mm in diameter). Three commercial LED lights were used to polymerize the specimens and the results were compared to those of a conventional halogen light. The light sources used in the present study were: Demetron Optilux 401 (QTH), 3M ESPE Elipar FreeLight (LED 1); Kerr L.E.Demetron I (LED 2), and ColtoluxLED lights (LED 3). The microhardness of the top and bottom surfaces was assessed with a digital Vickers hardness-measuring instrument, under load. At the bottom surface, no significant difference among the light sources was observed (two-way ANOVA). At the top surface, the QTH light source presented significantly higher hardness values compared to the values observed when LED 1 and LED 3 were used. There were no significant differences between the QTH and LED 2 light sources. Significantly higher hardness values were also found at the top surface when compared to the values observed at the bottom surface. The power density of the polymerization light sources seemed to be responsible for the observed resin composite hardness, not their irradiance.


Avaliou-se a microdureza de uma resina composta para dentes clareados fotoativada com diferentes fontes de luz fotoativadora. Espécimes de resina composta (3M ESPE Filtek Supreme) foram aplicados a cilindros de latão (2 mm de espessura, 5 mm de diâmetro). Três fontes comerciais de luz LED foram utilizadas para polimerizar os espécimes e os resultados foram comparados aos obtidos utilizando-se uma fonte de luz halógena convencional. As fontes de luz utilizadas no presente estudo foram: Demetron Optilux 401 (QTH), 3M ESPE Elipar FreeLight (LED 1); Kerr L.E.Demetron I (LED 2), e ColtoluxLED lights (LED 3). A microdureza das superfícies topo e base foram avaliadas com um microdurômetro digital (Dureza Vickers), sob aplicação de carga. Na superfície base não se observou diferença significante entre as fontes de luz utilizadas (ANOVA, dois critérios). Na superfície topo, a fonte de luz QTH apresentou valores de dureza significantemente maiores quando comparado aos valores apresentados quando LED 1 e LED 3 foram utilizadas. Não houve diferença significante entre QTH e LED 2. Observou-se também diferença significante entre os valores das superfície topo, que foram significantemente superiores, e base. A densidade de potência das fontes de luz fotoativadoras mostrou ser responsável pela dureza da resina composta e não a irradiância.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/chemistry , Dental Equipment , Light , Polymers/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins/radiation effects , Hardness , Materials Testing , Spectrophotometry , Surface Properties
16.
Rev. Assoc. Paul. Cir. Dent ; 60(5): 407-411, set.-out. 2006. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-543825

ABSTRACT

Os aparelhos fotoativadores com lâmpada halógena têm sido amplamente utilizados para polimerizar materiais resinosos. No final dos anos 90 surgiram aparelhos LED (1ª geração) que se mostraram pouco efetivos. Posteriormente surgiram os 2ª geração com alta densidade de potência (alguns em torno de 1.000 mW/cm2). Mas, apesar desta evolução, eram necessários aparelhos capazes de fotoativar materiais que contivessem diferentes fotoiniciadores, já que o espectro de irradiância destes primeiros aparelhos era estreito, embora coincidente com a absorvância da canforoquinona. Desta forma, a recém-lançada 3ª geração apresenta, além de LEDs que emitem luz azul, LEDs que emitem luz violeta. Os aparelhos a serem lançados devem ser mais efetivos na polimerização dos materiais restauradores, independente do fotoiniciador contido nos materiais.


Quartz-tungsten halogen lights have been used to polymerize resin materials. A new technology was developed to polymerize these materials, called first-generation LED lights. These lights were found to be less effective and a new generation came on the market (second-generation). These lights provided a very high power density (around 1.000mW/cm2). Despite this evolving technology, it was necessary to produce LED units able to polymerize all materials, irrespective of the photoiniciator, due to the narrow spectrum provided by these lights, similar to camphorquinone absorbance. Third-generation LED light was developed and included, not only blue LED’s, but also LED’s providing violet light, thus curing all materials. Light sources to be launched might be more effective to polymerize composites, regardless the photoiniciator molecule.


Subject(s)
Activator Appliances/classification , Composite Resins
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 16(2): 107-111, maio-ago. 2005. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-413408

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar o efeito do pH de diferentes sistemas adesivos na polimerização de uma resina composta quimicamente ativada (Adaptic - AD), por meio do teste de resistência à tração. Os sistemas adesivos utilizados foram: ARM, Prime & Bond 2.1 (PB), Scotchbond Multi Purpose (SMP) e Single Bond (SB). Cinco grupos (n=5) foram formados: G1: AD/ARM/AD; G2: AD/PB/AD; G3: AD/SMP/AD; G4: AD/SB/AD; G5: AD/AD (sem interposição de adesivo). Uma matriz de aço inoxidável com abertura central no formato de cone (1 mm de espessura; 4 mm de diâmetro), foi utilizada para obter dois discos de resina composta. A resina AD foi inserida em uma primeira metade da matriz em incremento único. Após a polimerização da resina, uma camada de adesivo foi aplicada na superfície de união e foto-ativada. A segunda metade da matriz foi justaposta à primeira e preenchida com a resina. Após 10 min, o conjunto foi adaptado em uma máquina universal de ensaios para determinar a resistência à tração, com velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA e teste de Tukey (p<0,05). As médias (kgf) obtidas em cada grupo foram: G1: 15,23 ± 4,1; G2: 0,00 ± 0,0; G3: 16,96 ± 2,4; G4: 10,08 ± 2,7; G5: 15,44 ± 0,9. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p<0.05) entre os grupos G2-G1; G2-G3; G2-G4; G4-G1; G4-G3. Os sistemas com pHs mais baixos (PB e SB) apresentaram as menores médias de resistência à tração. Os achados desse estudo in vitro sugerem que o pH dos sistemas adesivos influencia na polimerização e na resistência adesiva de materiais resinosos quimicamente ativados. Os sistemas adesivos simplificados testados, com valores de pH mais baixos, mostraram graus distintos de incompatibilidade com a resina quimicamente ativada, quando comparados aos sistemas adesivos convencionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Acetone/chemistry , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Dental Bonding , Dental Stress Analysis/instrumentation , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Materials Testing , Polymers/chemistry , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Tensile Strength
18.
Bauru; s.n; 2005. 207 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-412618

ABSTRACT

Propôs-se avaliar a influência de diferentes fontes de luz fotoativadoras na micromorfologia e na resistência de união adesiva de restaurações de resina composta. Selecionaram-se terceiros molares hígidos que receberam preparos cavitários classe I (6,0 mm x 4,5 mm; 2,5 mm profundidade). A resina composta (Filtek Z250 - RC) foi inserida em incremento único após a aplicação e polimerização do sistema adesivo (Adper Single Bond - SB). Os materiais restauradores foram fotoativados com os seguintes aparelhos: XL 3000 (QTH: 540 mW/cm2); Elipar FreeLight 2 (LED: 750 mW/cm2) e Arc Light IIM (PAC: 2.130 mW/cm2). Nove grupos experimentais foram avaliados de acordo com as combinações de fonte de luz para fotoativar SB/RC: QTH/QTH; QTH/LED; QTH/PAC; LED/LED; LED/QTH; LED/PAC; PAC/PAC; PAC/QTH; PAC/LED. Para a análise da micromorfologia foi utilizada microscopia de fluorescência (Laser de Fóton Duplo), sendo que um corante fluorescente vermelho (Rodamina B) foi adicionado ao sistema adesivo. Além disso, utilizou-se uma solução de corante fluorescente verde (Dextran-Fluoresceína), que foi aplicada na câmara pulpar durante 4 horas, para que se difundisse em direção à interface. Os dentes foram então lavados, incluídos, seccionados e analisados microscopicamente. Os parâmetros analisados foram: espessura da camada de adesivo, espessura e qualidade da camada híbrida, micropermeabilidade, qualidade e habilidade de selamento dos tags de resina e, ainda, localização e extensão de fendas. Para o teste de resistência adesiva, os dentes foram restaurados, de acordo com as combinações de fonte de luz, e armazenados por 24 horas a 37 °C. Em seguida os dentes foram seccionados e submetidos ao teste de microtração. Realizou-se ainda a análise dos parâmetros de cinética de conversão de monômeros (conversão total, taxa máxima de conversão, conversão na máxima taxa, tempo em que ocorreu a máxima taxa e relação conversão na máxima conversão na máxima taxa/conversão total) em um espectrofotômetro de raios infravermelho, ao qual foram aplicados os mesmos materiais restauradores que foram polimerizados com as diferentes fontes de luz. Para as avaliações qualitativas foi realizado o teste estatístico Kruskal-Wallis e o teste de Dunnet para comparações múltiplas ('alfa' = 0,05)


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , In Vitro Techniques , Light , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Microscopy, Fluorescence
19.
Braz. oral res ; 18(2): 156-161, Apr.-Jun. 2004. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-363267

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi mensurar a perda de massa e as alterações de rugosidade superficial de diferentes marcas de resinas compostas "flow" após teste de escovação simulada. A hipótese nula testada foi de que não haveria diferença de massa e rugosidade de superfície após o teste e de que não haveria correlação entre essas variáveis. Os materiais testados foram: Aeliteflo (Bisco), Flow-It (Pentron), Flow-It LF (Pentron), Natural Flow (DFL) e Wave (SDI). As resinas compostas Z100 (3M/ESPE) e Silux Plus (3M/ESPE) foram utilizadas como controle. Doze espécimes (5 mm de diâmetro, 3 mm de espessura) de cada material foram confeccionados de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. O teste foi conduzido em uma máquina de escovação simulada, em todos os espécimes de todos os materiais, totalizando 100.000 ciclos. Antes e depois do teste, a massa e a rugosidade de cada material foram aferidas por uma balança analítica Sartorius de 0,0001 g de precisão e pelo equipamento Hommel Tester T1000, respectivamente. Os valores obtidos foram comparados pelos testes t-pareado e Tukey (p < 0,05). Todos os materiais apresentaram diferenças estatísticas de perda de massa entre os valores iniciais e finais, com exceção da resina Flow-It LF. Entretanto, nenhuma diferença foi observada quando se comparou a porcentagem de perda de massa entre os diferentes materiais testados. Todos os materiais tornaram-se mais rugosos, sendo Wave, estatisticamente, o mais rugoso. As resinas compostas "flow" não demonstraram superioridade em relação aos materiais de controle, devendo-se esperar o desgaste por perda de massa do material e maior rugosidade após a ação da escovação. A hipótese nula antecipada foi parcialmente aceita.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/chemistry , Toothbrushing , Tooth Abrasion/etiology , Dental Restoration Wear , Materials Testing , Surface Properties , Toothbrushing/adverse effects
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 11(3): 162-167, July-Sept. 2003. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-360391

ABSTRACT

Uma grande variedade de produtos odontológicos que são lançados no mercado faz da seleção do material uma difícil tarefa. Apesar das propriedades mecânicas não representarem necessariamente o seu real desempenho clínico, os testes são utilizados para orientar os efeitos das alterações das composições do material ou a evolução das suas propriedades. Além disso, estas propriedades podem ajudar o clínico de alguma forma na seleção correta, uma vez que a comparação entre as formulações anteriores e as mais recentes, assim como as líderes de mercado são mais destacadas pelos fabricantes. Este artigo apresenta uma revisão dos testes laboratoriais mais importantes. Desta forma, o conhecimento destes ensaios fornecerá uma opinião crítica relacionada às propriedades dos diferentes materiais dentários.


Subject(s)
Dental Materials/chemistry , Ownership , Materials Testing
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