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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873153

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Danggui Yinzi on allergic reaction in chronic urticaria (CU) mice model and the mechanism of autophagy intervention. Method:The SPF BALB/c mice were used to replicate the CU mice model by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide suspension. The animals were randomly allocated into six groups: a normal group (normal saline 20 mL·kg-1·d-1), a model group (normal saline 20 mL·kg-1·d-1), a loratadine group(0.001 3 g·kg-1·d-1), a Danggui Yinzi high,medium and low-dose group(39.3,19.6,9.8 g·kg-1·d-1). The pathological changes of skin tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Morphological changes of autophagy in skin tissues epithelial cells were observed by transmission electron microscope. The mRNA levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B(LC3B) and ubiquitin-binding protein p62 mRNA in skin tissues were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expressions of LC3B and p62 in skin tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result:Danggui Yinzi can significantly improve the pathological manifestations of dermal edema, collagen bundles separation, telangiectasia in CU mice, it can also improve autophagosomes formation and abnormal cell ultrastructure such as nuclear chromatin condensation, mitochondrial swelling, endoplasmic reticulum expansion, etc. Compared with the normal group, the protein expressions of LC3B in skin tissues of the model group was significantly increased (P<0.01), LC3B mRNA level was increased too, while p62 mRNA levels and its protein expressions were decreased-regulated (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, levels of LC3B mRNA and protein expressions of the Danggui Yinzi groups were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), while p62 mRNA levels and its protein expressions were significantly decreased-regulated (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:Danggui Yinzi can regulate the expression of LC3B, p62 mRNA and protein expressions, enhance the level of autophagy, and improve the pathological state of CU mice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the expression of interleukin-33 (IL-33) in macrophages of chronic periapical periodontitis and apical cyst tissue, and to provide a basis for the study of the pathogenesis of IL-33 in periapical diseases.@*Methods @#The apical tissues of 20 normal control group, 15 chronic periapical periodontitis group and 15 apical cyst group were collected for HE staining and optical microscopy respectively. CD14 was used as the marker of macrophages and double immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the changes of periapical tissues under fluorescence microscopy. The expression of IL-33 in CD14-positive macrophages was observed.@*Results@#The macrophage density (cell/mm 2) of IL-33 and CD14 positive expression in normal control group, chronic periapical periodontitis group and root cyst group were(23.81 ± 5.16,62.97 ± 8.54,119.83 ± 14.61) respectively, and there were significant differences among the three groups(F=87.17,P < 0.01). The density of IL-33 and CD14 positive macrophages in root cyst group was significantly higher than that in chronic periapical periodontitis group and control group(P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#IL-33 and CD14 positive macrophages increased in normal apical tissue, chronic periapical periodontitis tissue and apical cyst tissue in turn.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clone the circular RNA hsa_circ_0000254 and construct its lentiviral over-expression vector.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The sequence of hsa_circ_0000254 (a total of 524 bp long) was synthesized and cloned by using pGH vector. The vector was cut by EcoR I and BamH I, and artificial hsa_circ_0000254 was obtained, then inserted in pLCDH-ciR to construct the recombinant expression vector pLCDH-circ254(C254), which was confirmed by DNA sequencing. The lentiviral expression vectors pLCDH-circ254(C254) and NC(pLCDH-ciR) were cotransfected into 293T cells by lipofectamine 2000(lipo2000). After transfection for 40 hours, the cells were collected and verified by PCR and sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Restriction analysis and DNA sequencing demonstrated that the lentiviral vector pLCDH-circ254(C254) was constructed successfully, the expression efficiency increased 10000 times after transfection of cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The successful construction of the lentiviral expression vector pLCDH-circ254(C254) results in the production of high-titer lentivirus, so as to facilitate further study of the molecular functions of hsa_circ_0000254.</p>


Subject(s)
Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lentivirus , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of sodium copper chlorophyllin (SCC) on the proliferation, differentiation and immunomodulatory function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from mice with aplastic anemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A mouse model of aplastic anemia was established by exposure of BALB/c mice to sublethal doses of 5.0 Gy Co60 γ radiation, followed by transplantation of 2×10(6) lymph node cells from DBA/2 donor mice within 4 h after radiation. Aplastic anemic BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups: the treated groups, which received 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg/day SCC, respectively; a positive control group treated with cyclosporine A (CsA); and an untreated model control group (model group); while, the non-irradiated mice as the normal control group. SCC or CsA were administered by gastrogavage for 20 days, starting on day 4 after irradiation. Peripheral blood cells were counted and colony-forming fibroblasts (CFU-F) in the bone marrow were assayed. The ability of MSCs to form calcium nodes after culture in osteoinductive medium was also observed. The immunosuppressive effect of MSCs on T lymphocytes was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, to evaluate the efficacy of SCC in mice with aplastic anemia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Peripheral blood white cell and platelet counts were increased by medium and high SCC doses, compared with the untreated control. CFU-Fs were also increased compared with the untreated control, and the numbers of calcium nodes in MSCs in osteoinductive medium were elevated in response to SCC treatment. The percentage of Forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3(+)) T cells was increased in T cell-MSC cocultures, and the cytokine transforming growth factor β1 was up-regulated in SCC-treated groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of this study suggest that SCC not only promotes the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs, but also improves their immunoregulatory capacity in mice with aplastic anemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Blood , Pathology , Therapeutics , Animals , Anthraquinones , Metabolism , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Pathology , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Chlorophyllides , Pharmacology , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Female , Immunosuppression Therapy , Leukocyte Count , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Osteoblasts , Pathology , Platelet Count , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347146

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on the proliferation and differentiation in NIH3T3 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>NIH3T3 cells were treated by various concentrations of PNS 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.40 g/L. The vitality and proliferation potential of cells were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured by p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP) assay, and the mineralization formation ability was tested for the cellular differentiation toward osteoblast, as well as the expression level of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2(P-ERK1/2), extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) protein kinase was analyzed by Western blot with total cell lysate of NIH3T3 cells treated by PNS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both MTT and pNPP assay showed that optical density (OD) values were increased in response to PNS treatment at a dose-dependent pattern. The mineralization formation ability was enhanced in PNS-treated NIH3T3 cells compared with untreated cells. Meanwhile, the expression level of P-ERK1/2 protein kinase was up-regulated in PNS-treated NIH3T3 cells, while, the expression level of ERK1/2 protein kinase revealed no obvious difference with or without PNS treated cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PNS could pay a role to promote the proliferation and differentiation in NIH3T3 cells by means of up-regulation of P-ERK1/2 protein kinase.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Mice , NIH 3T3 Cells , Osteocalcin , Metabolism , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Saponins , Pharmacology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253333

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aescinate on inhibition and apoptosis of HL-60 cell line from promyelocytic leukemia. HL-60 cells at logarithm phase were treated with aescinate. Cell survival rate and cell morphology were observed, and the cell apoptosis was analyzed by Annexin V/PI-FITC double labeling and DNA electrophoresis. The results showed that HL-60 cells could be inhibited in the presence of 15-120 mg/L of aescinate for 48 hours, survival rates were (92.2+/-0.69)%-(8.2+/-0.96)%, which were significantly lower than that of non-aescinate control (99.4+/-0.31)% (all p<0.01). The apoptosis of cells could be induced by aescinate treatment at dosage of 15-60 mg/L for 24 hours, the Annexin V positive cells accounted for (12.7+/-0.58)%-(65.4+/-1.30)% which were significantly higher than that of non-aescinate control (0.57+/-0.03)% (all p<0.01). The typical DNA ladder of HL-60 cells treated with aescinate was shown on the DNA electrophoresis pattern. It is concluded that aescinate can specifically induce apoptosis of leukemic HL-60 cells, which provides an experimental evidence for treatment of leukemia with aescinate as a supplementary agent to chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Phytotherapy
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1035-1038, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234305

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the inhibition effect and mechanism of hedyotis diffusa wild injection (HDI) on leukemia cell line (HL-60) in vitro. The leukemia cell line HL-60 was used as target cells. The inhibitory effects of HDI on proliferation of HL-60 cells were observed by MTT assay. The positive rate of cell apoptosis and the surface marker of granulocytic differentiation (CD33 and CD15) were measured by flow cytometry. The expressions of anti-apoptosis related gene (survivin and bcl-2) were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that the growth of HL-60 cells was inhibited by higher concentration of HDI (3.12 - 12.5 ml/L) and inhibited obviously in dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01), but not suppressed by low concentration of HDI (1.56 ml/L) in liquid culture system (p > 0.05). The FCM and DNA Ladder results showed that the phenomenon of typical apoptosis did not detected after HL-60 cells were treated with the different concentrations of HDI for 24, 48 and 72 hours respectively. After HL-60 cells were treated with HDI (1.56, 3.12, 6.25 and 12.5 ml/L) for one week, the expression level of CD15 surface marker was all enhanced obviously. When treated with HDI (6.25 ml/L) for 3 weeks, the expression levels of survivin and bcl-2 gene were also decreased obviously by 60% and 44% respectively. It is concluded that HDI can inhibit HL-60 cells in the presence of its higher concentrations. The mechanisms of HDI may induce HL-60 cells differentiation, and suppress the expression of anti-apoptosis related gene (survivin or bcl-2) to inhibit the growth of HL-60 cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280670

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to investigate the action of Panax Notoginosides (PNS, extracted from notoginseng herb) on the expression of the apoptosis-related proteins (Daxx, Fas) and transcription factors (NFkB, c-Rel) in the hematopoietic cells and to explore the mechanisms of supporting cells to survive. The colony formation of CFU-GM and CFU-E in human bone marrow was assayed in the presence of various concentrations of PNS. The viability of cells was assayed by trypan blue and the changes of cell morphology were observed with microscope. The Annexin-V positive cells were detected by FCM. Three lineages of human myeloid HL-60, erythroid K562, megakaryoid CHRF-288 and Meg-01 cells were incubated in addition of PNS (10 mg/L) for 14 days. The nuclear or cytoplasm protein of cells was extracted and analyzed by Western blot with monoclonal antibodies against Daxx, Fas or NFkB, c-Rel. The results showed: (1) the proliferation on hematopoietic progenitor cells (CFU-GM and CFU-E) and four cell lines was promoted by PNS; (2) after the four cell lines were promoted by PNS and hungered through wiping off the sera, the viability of the four cell lines was high without significant morphological change and neither the detection of Annexin-V positive cells; (3) the expression of Daxx and Fas protein could be inhibited by PNS. Western Blot showed that Daxx in four cell lines treated by PNS were 33.3-61.5% lower than that in untreated controls. The Fas protein was also descended in three cell lines of K562, CHRF-288 and Meg-01 by 33.3-71.4% respectively, while Fas protein in HL-60 cells was no detectable difference after PNS treatment. (4) The transcription factors NFkB and c-Rel protein could be increased by PNS. The NFkB, c-Rel protein were also enhanced in three cell lines of K562, CHRF-288 and Meg-01 by (2.0-2.7) and (1.5-2.3)-fold respectively, while there were also no detectable difference in HL-60 cells after PNS treatment. It is concluded that PNS inhibites the expression of Daxx and Fas proteins, may decrease the apoptosis of the hematopoietic cells. The level of NFkB and c-Rel proteins can be enhanced by PNS, which not only stimulates the proliferation of cells, but also inhibits the activity of the waterfall of caspase and apoptosis of the hematopoietic cells. PNS may treat the disease with over-apoptosis of hematopoietic cells, as aplastic anemia.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Fas Ligand Protein , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , K562 Cells , NF-kappa B , Nuclear Proteins , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , fas Receptor
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320232

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of panaxadiol saponin (PDS) and panaxtrol saponin (PTS) on proliferation of human bone marrow hemopoietic progenitor cells (HPC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PDS and PTS were separated and purified from ginsenosides, and the effects on HPC were studied using in vitro hemopoietic progenitor cell colony-forming technique, by observing the proliferation of human burst forming unit-erythroid progenitor (BFU-E), colony-forming unit-erythroid (CFU-E), colony-forming unit-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) and colony-forming unit-pluripotent hemopoietic progenitor (CFU-Mix) in mice after PDS and PTS stimulation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Different concentration of PDS (2.5-200 micrograms/ml) could stimulate the proliferation of HPC obviously, showing increase of CFU-E, BFU-E, CFU-GM and CFU-Mix by 54.9 +/- 6.3%, 48.8 +/- 5.1%, 27.6 +/- 4.2% and 48.9 +/- 3.9% respectively, which was higher than that of the control group. While stimulated by PTS of the same concentration, the CFU-E and BFU-E was lower than that of control significantly (P < 0.05); when the terminal concentration of PTS was 200 micrograms/ml, CFU-E and BFU-E was zero respectively. In the CFU-GM culture, PTS in concentration of 12.5 micrograms/ml could cause the proliferation increased by 29.7 +/- 2.2% (P < 0.05), but in concentration of 100 micrograms/ml and 200 micrograms/ml, it showed inhibitory effect on CFU-GM, the inhibition rate being 48.6 +/- 3.9% and 100% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PDS is the effective component of ginsenosides in stimulating proliferation of human bone marrow HPC. PTS is an component with inhibitory action on proliferation of CFU-E and BFU-E and its effect on CFU-GM was depending on its concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Division , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Panax , Chemistry , Saponins , Pharmacology , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278809

ABSTRACT

To observe the effects of Panax Notoginosides (PNS) on up-regulation of AP-1 family transcription factors NF-E2, c-jun and c-fos for exploring intracellular signal pathway of PNS in hematopoietic cells, four human hematopoietic cells lines including myeloid HL-60, erythroid K562, megakaryoid CHRF-288 and Meg-01 were incubated in the presence of PNS for 14 days. The nuclear protein of cells were extracted and analyzed by Western blot with antibodies against NF-E2, c-fos and c-jun. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) was performed by using (32)P labeled AP-1 consensus oligonucleotide which contains binding site for NF-E2, c-jun and c-fos. The results showed that the transcription factors NF-E2, c-jun and c-fos of AP-1 family could be induced by PNS. Western blot demonstrated that the nuclear protein of both NF-E2 and c-jun in four cell lines treated by PNS were increased by 1.5-2.5- and 2.0-3.0-fold over untreated cells respectively. The c-fos protein in three cell lines of K562, CHRF-288 and Meg-01 was also elevated by 2.0-3.0-fold respectively, while c-fos protein in HL-60 cells was no detectable difference after PNS treatment. EMSA results in four cell lines indicated that AP-1 binding activity initiated by PNS was apparently elevated to form higher density band of AP-1-DNA complex. In conclusion, the intracellular transcription regulation initiated by PNS was involved in transcription factors NF-E2, c-jun and c-fos of AP-1 family members, which could play an important role in the up-regulation of genes expression related to proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells.


Subject(s)
DNA , Metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors , Gene Expression Regulation , Genes, fos , Genes, jun , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Humans , K562 Cells , NF-E2 Transcription Factor , NF-E2 Transcription Factor, p45 Subunit , Panax , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Metabolism , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Up-Regulation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355702

ABSTRACT

The object of this study was to explore the effects of Panax notoginosides (PNS) on proliferation and differentiation of human CD34(+) stem/progenitor cells. CD34(+) cells were isolated from human bone marrow by using immune beads of Dynal M- 450 system. The cells were exposed to PNS at different concentrations in both liquid and semi-solid culture for 14 days. The cells were marked with monoclonal antibodies and analyzed by flow cytometry after culture. The CFU-Mix colony formation from CD34(+) cells was assayed. The results showed that: (1) The yield of CD34(+) cells after being selected by immune beads were (1.03 +/- 0.74)% out of bone marrow nuclear cells with purity of 86% - 93%. (2) PNS (10 - 25 mg/L) stimulated the proliferation of CD34(+) cells, and raised the colony numbers of CFU-Mix obviously in vitro. PNS 25 mg/L was the optimal concentration to promote proliferation of CD34(+) cells, the increasing rate of CFU-Mix colony was (34.7 +/- 16.0)%. (3) The differentiation of CD34(+) cells was induced by exposure to PNS (25, 50 and 100 mg/L) in liquid culture for 14 days. The percentages of CD33(+) and CD15(+) cells were increased after PNS exposure, which were significantly higher than those of control (P < 0.01), however CD71(+) and G-A(+) cells were no obviously difference after PNS treatment. In conclusion, Panax notoginosides not only promote the proliferation of CD34(+) cells, but also induce the differentiation committed to granulocytes.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD , Antigens, CD34 , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Cell Differentiation , Cell Division , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Lewis X Antigen , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
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