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1.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 149-153, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005363

ABSTRACT

Based on WANG Xugao's “thirty methods of treating the liver”, it is believed that the occurrence and development of childhood tic disorders follow the dynamic progression from liver qi disease to liver fire disease and then liver wind disease. The basic pathogenesis of three stages are characterized by binding constraint of liver qi, liver fire hyperactivity, and internal stirring of liver wind. Moreover, liver-blood deficiency and stagnation, and malnutrition of liver yin as the main point in terms of the imbalance of liver qi, blood, yin, and yang should be considered, as well as the imbalance relationship of the five zang organs such as the involvement of other organs and the gradually reach of the other organs. Guided by the principles of “thirty methods of treating the liver”, the treatment of tic disorders in liver qi stage should focus on soothing the liver and rectifying qi, soothing the liver and unblocking the collaterals, using Xiaochaihu Decoction (小柴胡汤) and Sini Powder (四逆散). The treatment of tic disorders in liver fire stage involves clearing, draining and resolving liver heat, using Longdan Xiegan Decoction (龙胆泻肝汤), Xieqing Pill (泻青丸), Danggui Longhui Pill (当归龙荟丸), and Huagan Decoction (化肝煎). The treatment of tic disorders in liver wind stage involves extinguishing wind and subduing yang, using Lingjiao Gouteng Decoction (羚角钩藤汤) and Liuwei Dihuang Pill (六味地黄丸). Throughout the treatment process, attention should be paid to harmonizing the liver's qi, blood, yin, and yang, as well as addressing the pathology of other organs.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2401-2406, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003833

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) was considered to involve external dryness, internal injured essence and blood, yin-deficiency endowment, and abnormal emotion and spirit, and it was believed that SS has the characteristics of dryness and impassability, and the pathogenesis of deficiency-excess in complexity. According to the theory “upper dryness treats qi, and lower dryness treats blood” in YE Gui's monograph “Medical Records for Clinical Guidance”, the dryness was divided into upper dryness and lower dryness syndromes to be differentiated and treated. When treating dryness syndrome, the patient should follow the characteristics of the five zang organs, using soft and cool medicines, avoiding warm and dry medicines, and valuing the animal products. The upper dryness could be treated with Sangxiang Decoction (桑杏汤) to clear the qi and moisten the dryness, Qiaohe Decoction (翘荷汤) to clear the upper with pungent-cool, and Shashen Maidong Decoction (沙参麦冬汤) to nourish yin and promote the production of body fluid. The lower dryness could be treated with Fumai Decoction (复脉汤) to enrich and nourish the five kinds of fluid. Liuwei Dihuang Pill (六味地黄丸) to nourish the kidneys and supplement essence, and Wuren Pill (五仁丸) to moisten the dryness and nourish the blood, which provided a new way of thinking for differentiation of the dryness syndrome.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 226-230, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015242

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of second polar body (Pb2) exclusion monitoring by timelapse in predicting the fertilization and embryo development efficiency for intracytoplasmic sperm injection ( ICSI). Methods A retrospective research was performed on 278 patients treated with ICSI, the clinical data and Time-lapse monitoring embryo culture data were collected and analyzed, to explore the exclusion of Pb2 after ICSI and the relationship between the specific exclusion time and the outcome of fertilization and embryo development. Results The average time of Pb2 exclusion after ICSI was ( 3. 03 ± 1. 21) hours; The fertilization rate, 2 pronucleus(PN) fertilization rate and 5 days ( D5) blastocyst formation rate in the Pb2 exclusion group were significantly higher than those in the without Pb2 exclusion group (99.95% vs f. 75%, P 3-4 hours group was significantly higher than that in 0-2 hours group and >5 hours group (98.80% vs 9 3 . 8 1 % , P 2-3 hours group ( 56. 23% vs 67. 23%, P 4-5 hours group was significantly lower than 0-2 hours group and >2-3 hours group ( 46. 6f % vs 62. 30% , P5 hours group was 7. f 4 % , which were significantly lower than that of the other four groups (P 2-3 hours group ( 9. 92% vs 16. 39% , P 4-5 hours group was significantly lower than that in > 2-3 hours group (11. 02% vs 20.72%, P<0. 05). Conclusion Monitoring Pb2 exclusion by Time-lapse can accurately predict fertilization outcome. The time of Pb2 exclusion is significantly correlated with embiyo development potential. It is a valuable morphological index to predict fertilization and embiyo development outcome in ICSI.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 692-699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013813

ABSTRACT

Aim To determine the effect of FATP5 gene silencing on fatty hepatic cell inflammation and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods Five shR-NA sequences were designed and synthesized. The efficient FATP5-shRNA was screened by the siCHECK™ system. After preparing the FATP5-shRNA lentivirus, the FATP5 gene silence hepatic cell lines was obtained by HepG2 cell infection and puromycin screening. The FATP5 silencing efficiency was detected by Western blot. Then the oleic acid induced ROS and MDA generation, TNF-a and IL-6 protein expression and secretion, and NF-kB activation in FATP5 gene silence cells were analyzed by the detection kit, Western blot, nucleo-plasmic separation and reporter gene system. Results In the gene silence cells, FATP5 protein expression was reduced by 90% and the lipid accumulation was also significantly inhibited. Moreover, the FATP5 knockdown could reduce the oleic acid induced ROS and MDA generation, and suppress the NF-kB activation, thereby inhibiting the protein expression and secretion of TNF-a and IL-6. Conclusions FATP5 gene silence inhibits fatty hepatic cell inflammation, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1577-1583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013750

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of Taohong Siwu Decoction on apoptosis and EMT of pulmonary fibrosis model rats by JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, methylprednisolone group, Taohong Siwu Decoction low-concentration, high-concentration group respectively, with eight cases in each group. The intratracheal injection of bleomycin was applied to induce IPF rat models. HE and Masson staining were performed to observe the pathological changes of lung tissues in each group. ELISA was used to detect the contents of TNF-α, MMP-7 and TGFβ-l in serum of rats. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were applied to detect the protein expression of JAK2, pJAK2, STAT3, p-STAT3, E-cadherin, α-SMA in lung tissues. RT-PCR was applied to detect the expression of JAK2, STAT3, Bcl2 and Bax genes in lung tissues. Results Compared with control group, the degree of alveolar inflammation and fibrosis degree, the contents of TNF-α, MMP-7 and TGFβ-1 in serum, the levels of JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, p-STAT3, α-SMA protein expression, JAK2, STAT3, Bax gene expression were up-regulated, and the levels of Bcl-2 gene and E-cadherin protein expression were down-regulated in lung tissues. Compared with model group, the degree of alveolar inflammation and fibrosis, the contents of TNF-α, MMP-7 and TGFβ-1 in serum, the levels of JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, p-STAT3, α-SMA protein expression, JAK2, STAT3 and Bax gene expression were reduced, while the levels of Bcl-2 gene and E-cadherin protein expression were elevated in Taohong Siwu Decoction high-concentration group. Conclusions Taohong Siwu Decoction may regulate JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, down-regulate Bax, α-SMA and up-regulate Bcl-2, E-cadherin expression to induce apoptosis and EMT in rat model of pulmonary fibrosis, thus playing an anti-pulmonary fibrosis role.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2266-2273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013662

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of scutellarein on the macrophage foam cell formation and cholesterol efflux, and the underlying mechanism. Methods THP-1 cells were differentiated with PMA, and the cell viability was detected by MTT assays. The effects of scutellarein on the cholesterol efflux and macrophage foam cell formation were evaluated by using NBD-la-beled cholesterol and the cholesterol detection kit. The effects of scutellarein on the activation of PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1 signaling pathway were determined by molecular docking, ELISA, dual-luciferase reporter and Western blot. The effects of PPARγ knowdown on scutellarein-induced cholesterol efflux and inhibiting macrophage foaming were analyzed by siRNA interference. Results Scutellarein dose-dependently inhibited oxLDL-induced cholesterol accumulation, accelerated cholesterol efflux and significantly increased the protein expression of LXRα and ABCA1. At the same time, scutellarein could bind PPARγ and initiate its downstream LXRa-ABCAl signaling pathway. In addition, gene silencing of PPARγ not only significantly inhibited scutellarein-induced LXRα-ABCA1 signaling pathway and cholesterol efflux, but also reversed the inhibitory effect of scutellarein on macrophage foaming. Conclusions Scutellarein could promote the cholesterol efflux by activating PPARγ and initiating the downstream LXR-ABCA1 signaling pathway, thereby prevent the macrophage foam cell formation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 89-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972289

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTransforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) was used to stimulate human fetal lung fibroblast 1 (HFL1) for simulating the pathological process of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and thereby the effects and mechanism of medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix against IPF were investigated. MethodTGF-β1 (10 μg·L-1) was employed to stimulate HFL1, and cells were treated with medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%) for 24 h. Then cell proliferation rate was determined with cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Subsequently, cells were classified into the control group (20% blank serum), TGF-β1 group (20% blank serum and 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1), TGF-β1 + medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix group (5% blank serum, 15% medicated serum, and 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1), and TGF-β1 + SIS3 group (3 μmol·L-1 SIS3, 20% blank serum, 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1). Based on in situ end labeling (TUNEL) staining, the apoptosis rate was examined, and mRNA expression of apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) and myofibroblast marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The protein expression of α-SMA, Ras homolog enriched in brain (Rheb), and phosphorylated (p)-Smad3 was determined by immunofluorescence. Expression of Rheb, p-Smad3, and Smad3 was examined by Western blot. ResultThe cell proliferation rate of TGF-β1 group increased compared with that of the control group (P<0.05). The cell proliferation rate of TGF+15% medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix group and TGF+20% medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix group decreased compared with that of the TGF-β1 group (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, TGF-β1 group showed decrease in apoptosis rate, increase in mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and α-SMA, reduction in Bax mRNA expression, and rise of α-SMA and Rheb protein expression and p-Smad3 level (P<0.05). Compared with TGF-β1 group, TGF-β1 + medicated serum of Bupleuri Radix group and TGF-β1 + SIS3 group demonstrated high apoptosis rate, low Bcl-2 and α-SMA mRNA expression, high Bax mRNA expression, and low α-SMA and Rheb protein expression and p-Smad3 level (P<0.05). ConclusionMedicated serum of Bupleuri Radix can inhibit TGF-β1-induced HFL1 proliferation and fibroblast-myofibroblast transition and promote fibroblast apoptosis by regulating the Smad3/Rheb axis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 101-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971158

ABSTRACT

Since researchers have found that the conditioned medium and exosomes of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) had the biological effects equivalent to those of MSCs, MSC exosomes (MSC-Exos), the representative product of MSCs' paracrine effect, have become the research focus of the "cell-free" therapy of MSCs. However, most researchers currently use conventional culture condition to culture MSCs and then isolate exosomes for the treatment of wound or other diseases. Theoretically, the paracrine effect of MSCs is directly associated with the pathological condition of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition, and their paracrine components and biological effects may be altered with the changes of the wound (disease) microenvironment or in vitro culture condition. Thus, the feasibility of using traditional culture condition to culture MSCs for exosome extraction for the treatment of different diseases without considering the actual situation of the disease to be treated needs further discussion. Therefore, the author suggests that the research of MSC-Exos should consider the microenvironment of the wound (disease) to be treated. as much as possible, otherwise the extracted MSC-Exos may not be "accurate" or may not really achieve the treatment effect of MSCs. In this article, we summarized some thoughts of the author and problems related to the researches about MSC-Exos and wound microenvironment, and hoped to discuss with researchers.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Culture Media, Conditioned , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 579-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the technical performance of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) and evaluate its forensic application value.@*METHODS@#Following the Criterion of Forensic Science Human Fluorescence STR Multiplex Amplification Reagent (GB/T 37226-2018), IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was verified in 11 aspects of species specificity, veracity, sensibility, adaptability, inhibitor tolerance, consistency, balance, reaction condition verification, mixed samples, stability and inter batch consistency. The system efficiency of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was compared with the PowerPlex® Fusion 6C System, VersaPlex® 27PY System and VeriFilerTM Plus PCR Amplification Kit. The IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was used to detect the swabs of biological samples in daily cases and the STR performances were observed.@*RESULTS@#IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) had good species specificity, veracity, adaptability, inhibitor tolerance and balance. The sensibility was up to 0.062 5 ng. It was able to detect different types of samples, degraded samples and inhibitor mixed samples. Complete DNA typing could be obtained for samples with the mixture ratio less than 4∶1. The system efficiency of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was very high, with TDP up to 1-1.08×10-37, CPEtrio and CPEduo up to 1-5.47×10-14 and 1-6.43×10-9, respectively. For the touched biological samples in actual cases, the effective detection rate was 21.05%. The system efficiency of kinship, single parent and full sibling identifications was effectively improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) is adaptive to the GB/T 37226-2018 requirements. It can be used for individual identification and paternity identification, and is suitable for application in the field of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Fingerprinting , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Microsatellite Repeats , Paternity , Species Specificity
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 64-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913168

ABSTRACT

As a basic amino acid, histidine has a pKa close to the acidity of the tumor microenvironment, thus the charge and solubility of histidine are able to vary as the pH changes. Under a neutral environment, histidine is not charged and exhibits hydrophobic properties, while it can be protonated and becomes hydrophilic when exposed to mildly acidic pH, such as tumor microenvironment. Therefore, histidine is widely used in the design of drug delivery systems to target the mildly acidic pH of tumor microenvironment. This article reviews the recent progresses of histidine-based tumor-targeting drug delivery systems, and summarizes the principles on promoting internalization and tuning drug release by taking advantage of histidine. Finally, we point out the common issues on histidine application and illustrate its future prospects.

11.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 239-244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923502

ABSTRACT

@#The goal of the study was to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Artemisia argyi ethanol extract on chemotherapeutic vancomycin (VAN)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).The acute kidney injury model of male ICR mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection (ip) of VAN.Thirty mice were divided into the blank group, model group, high dose group, middle dose group and low dose group, which were given medicine by gastric perfusion (ig).Serum levels of cystain C (Cys C), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr) were measured, which could reflect renal function of mice.Serum oxidative stress and inflammation indices were also determined, including muscular dystrophy association (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and high-sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP).In addition, hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) was employed for measuring the damage of renal tissues and the content of apoptosis b-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 assaciated X protein (Bax) and caspase-3 were measured too.All results showed that Artemisia argyi extract exhibits protective effect on chemotherapeutic VAN-induced AKI, whose mechanism could be related to the oxidative stress, inflammatory reaction and apoptosis.

12.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E323-E328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961731

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on hemodynamic analysis, to investigate the cause of distal re-entry tear in Stanford type B aortic dissection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).Methods A patient with type B aortic dissection was reexamined regularly with computed tomography angiography (CTA) at 1st month, 6th month, 12th month and 24th month after TEVAR. Based on the CTA images in each period, three-dimensional (3D) aorta models were reconstructed to perform morphological analysis and hemodynamic simulation.Results Compared with the diameter at 1st month after TEVAR, the diameter of true lumen at 12 months after TEVAR increased by 1.8 times and the global distortion of aorta increased by 16.67%. At postoperative 1st, 6th and 12th month, the maximum blood velocities at the new entry tear in systole were 69.6%, 33.7% and 92.1% higher than the average ones at distal landing zone, and the maximum wall shear stresses (WSSs) were 2.52, 2.32 and 3.52 times of the average WSSs respectively. In addition, the maximum time-averaged WSS (TAWSS) at 1st, 6th and 12th month after TEVAR were 1.88, 2.53 and 3.62 times of the mean TAWSS respectively.ConclusionsThe morphology of the aorta remodeled after TEVAR, and a sudden change in the diameter of true lumen occurred at distal anchoring zone and continued to increase. As a result, the blood flow velocity in this area accelerated, and the intima was continuously exposed to high WSS, leading to the redissection.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 165-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical application value of two longitudes three transverses method in the location of the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator and deep wound repair. Methods: The retrospectively observational study was conducted. From December 2018 to June 2020, 17 patients with deep wounds who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University met the inclusion criteria and were included in this study, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 12 to 72 years. The wound areas of patients after debridement were 7 cm×3 cm to 11 cm×7 cm. Two longitudinal lines were located through the midpoint of the armpit, the posterior superior iliac spine, and the protruding point of the sacroiliac joint, and three transverse lines were located 5, 10, and 15 cm below the midpoint of the armpit between the two longitudinal lines, i.e. two longitudes three transverses method, resulting in two trapezoidal areas. And then the thoracodorsal artery perforators in two trapezoidal areas were explored by the portable Doppler blood flow detector. On this account, a single or lobulated free thoracodorsal artery perforator flap or flap that carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle, with an area of 7 cm×4 cm to 12 cm×8 cm was designed and harvested to repair the wound. The donor sites were all closed by suturing directly. The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators, and the distance from the position where the first perforator (the perforator closest to the axillary apex) exits the muscle to the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi in preoperative localization and intraoperative exploration, the diameter of thoracodorsal artery perforator measured during operation, and the flap types were recorded. The survivals of flaps and appearances of donor sites were followed up. Results: The number and location of thoracodorsal artery perforators located before operation in each patient were consistent with the results of intraoperative exploration. A total of 42 perforators were found in two trapezoidal areas, with 2 or 3 perforators each patient. The perforators were all located in two trapezoid areas, and a stable perforator (the first perforator) was located and detected in the first trapezoidal area. There were averagely 1.47 perforators in the second trapezoidal area. The position where the first perforator exits the muscle was 2.1-3.1 cm away from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi. The diameters of thoracodorsal artery perforators were 0.4-0.6 mm. In this group, 12 cases were repaired with single thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, 3 cases with lobulated thoracodorsal artery perforator flap, and 2 cases with thoracodorsal artery perforator flap carrying partial latissimus dorsi muscle. The patients were followed up for 6 to 16 months. All the 17 flaps survived with good elasticity, blood circulation, and soft texture. Only linear scar was left in the donor area. Conclusions: The two longitudes three transverses method is helpful to locate the perforator of thoracodorsal artery perforator flap. The method is simple and reliable. The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap designed and harvested based on this method has good clinical effects in repairing deep wound, with minimal donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arteries , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 665-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933838

ABSTRACT

Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms of Parkinson′s disease (PD), which has an important impact on the quality of life. Due to the lack of a strict and unified definition and classification of PD-related fatigue, as well as a clear quantitative standard, clinical studies on fatigue in PD have drawn different conclusions, making fatigue research challenging. Normative studies in this area have been complemented by the publication of the 2016 expert consensus on diagnostic criteria for PD associated fatigue. In this paper, the incidence, influencing factors, clinical evaluation measures and treatment of PD-related fatigue were reviewed to provide the latest information for clinical identification and management of PD-related fatigue patients.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 677-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921526

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of gut microbiota between patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and atherosclerosis.Methods From December 2018 to June 2019,20 fresh stool samples were collected respectively from the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and atherosclerosis treated at the Department of Vascular Surgery,Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing was employed to compare the composition,abundance,and α and β diversities of gut microbiota between the two disease groups,and further determine the significantly differential genera.Results The two groups had great similarities in the composition of gut microbiota.There was no statistical difference in α diversity.Although β diversity did not have statistically significant difference,certain microbial taxa showed differences between the two groups.The LEfSe demonstrated that the abdominal aortic aneurysm group had higher relative abundance of


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Atherosclerosis , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 144-148, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878711

ABSTRACT

Peripheral artery aneurysms,with low incidence and complex anatomic structure,often involve important branches.This paper introduces a new surgical technique-sleeve shaping on the basis of two cases.The basic data,including characteristics,imaging,operation and follow-up data of the cases,were collected.The data were then combined with the previous literature for explaining in detail that this technique can be used as a supplementary method of reconstruction following resection or endovascular repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm/surgery , Arteries , Treatment Outcome
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 37-41, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878695

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the outcomes in patients who receive the endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR)and have concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy.Methods Between January 2014 and December 2019,all the patients who underwent surgery for malignancy and/or EVAR were retrospectively reviewed.Results Twenty-eight abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA)patients with concomitant intra-abdominal malignancy were included.The patients were treated by two-stage operation and the priority was given for EVAR in 21 patients.There was no perioperative death or major complications.In the follow-up,one patient developed graft thrombosis and one had type Ⅱ endoleak.There was no AAA-associated death.Conclusions It is preferred that EVAR should come first followed by operation for malignancy.Details of treatment strategy still need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Neoplasms/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
18.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 295-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015498

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intestinal mucosal barrier function protective effect of ulinastatin in sepsis rats and its effect on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Methods One hundred SD rats were randomly divided into control group, sepsis group, ulinastatin group, XAV939+ulinastatin group and lithium chloride( LiCl) +ulinastatin group. The classical cecal ligation was used to duplicate sepsis model, and the jejunal mucosal injury was evaluated. The levels of inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α were detected by ELISA, and the expressions of β-catenin and cyclin D1 were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blotting. We also observed the effect of the Wnt signal pathway blockage by XAV939 or Wnt signal pathway activator by LiCl on ulinastatin protection of intestinal mucosa and proteins related to the Wnt signal pathway. Results The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and intestinal mucosal injury in the sepsis group were significantly higher than those in the ulinastatin group. The mRNA and protein expression levels of β- catenin and cyclin D1 in the sepsis group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05), After ulinastatin treatment, the expression levels of β-catenin and cyclin D1 mRNA and protein were significantly decreased, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). Compared with the ulinastatin group, combined treatment with XAV939 promoted the protective effect of ulinastatin on the intestinal mucosa of rats, and the protein expression of β-catenin and cyclin D1 was reduced (P<0.05). Combined treatment with LiCl weakened the protective effect of ulinastatin on the intestinal mucosa of rats, and the protein expression of β-catenin and cyclin D1 was increased (P<0.05). Conclusion Ulinastatin may inhibit the Wnt signaling pathway by down-regulating the expression of β-catenin, reduce the expression of inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α, thereby promote repairing the intestinal mucosal barrier function damage.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 239-250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906508

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a common, lethal interstitial lung disease characterized by airway remodeling, inflammation, alveolar destruction, and fibrosis. The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1/4E binding protein 1 (mTORC1/4E-BP1) axis is closely related to the expression of collagen by fibroblasts, and its role in pulmonary fibrosis remains to be further elucidated. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has shown promising efficacy in improving the lung function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with IPF. The theory of "same treatment for different diseases" provides a TCM theoretical basis for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis with Bupleuri Radix, while the research in western medicine has preliminarily shown that both the formulation and single herb as well as the active ingredients of Bupleuri Radix have good therapeutic effects on pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, this review will elaborate on the role of the mTORC1/4E-BP1 axis in the pathomechanism of IPF, as well as the research results of the active components of Bupleuri Radix on the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin protein(PI3K/AKT/mTOR) pathway, so as to provide a reference for the treatment and drug development of IPF.

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