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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262635

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the anti-virus effects of andrographolide (AD) on the retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) signaling pathway when immunological cells were infected with H1N1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Leukomonocyte was obtained from umbilical cord blood by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation, and immunological cells were harvested after cytokines stimulation. Virus infected cell model was established by H1N1 co-cultured with normal human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE). The optimal concentration of AD was defined by methyl-thiazolyl-tetrazolium (MTT) assay. After the virus infected cell model was established, AD was added into the medium as a treatment intervention. After 24-h co-culture, cell supernatant was collected for interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detection while immunological cells for real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The optimal concentration of AD for anti-virus effect was 250 μg/mL. IL-4 and IFN-γ in the supernatant and mRNA levels in RLRs pathway increased when cells was infected by virus, RIG-I, IFN-β promoter stimulator-1 (IPS-1), interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-7, IRF-3 and nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) mRNA levels increased significantly (P<0.05). When AD was added into co-culture medium, the levels of IL-4 and IFN-γ were lower than those in the non-interference groups and the mRNA expression levels decreased, RIG-I, IPS-1, IRF-7, IRF-3 and NF-κB decreased significantly in each group with significant statistic differences (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The RLRs mediated viral recognition provided a potential molecular target for acute viral infections and andrographolide could ameliorate H1N1 virus-induced cell mortality. And the antiviral effects might be related to its inhibition of viral-induced activation of the RLRs signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Metabolism , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , DEAD Box Protein 58 , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , Genetics , Metabolism , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Allergy and Immunology , Influenza, Human , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Interferon-beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Macrophages , Virology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Allergy and Immunology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231594

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clarify the protective roles of compatibility of geniposide and ginsenoside (Rg1) in regulating ischemia injured microglia homeostasis by comparing the difference in regulatory roles of geniposide, Rg1, or ginsenoside + Rg1 in balancing secretion of oxygen glucose deprivation induced microglia inflammatory cytokines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mimic ischemia injured microglia model was induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). Then geniposide, Rg1, or ginsenoside + Rg1 (Tongluo Jiunao Injection, TJI) was respectively added. The NO content was determined by Griess Reagent. The cyto activity was detected using cell count kit. Contents of TNF-alpha and TGF-beta and their expression levels were detected by ELISA and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Geniposide + Rg1 could significantly inhibit the release of NO, elevate the TGF-beta level, and decrease the content of TNF-alpha without influencing the cell survival. The two active ingredients played different therapeutic roles. The compatible use was obviously superior to use any one of the two active ingredients alone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Geniposide, Rg1, or Ginsenoside + Rg1 had regulating roles in balancing ischemia injured microglia homeostasis. Its mechanisms might be related to up-regulating the TGF-beta expression and down-regulating TNF-alpha expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , Metabolism , Iridoids , Pharmacology , Mice , Microglia , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294338

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Qubi Recipe (QR) on the expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha in rats with type II collagen-I induced arthritis (CIA), and to explore its therapeutic roles and mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 72 male SD rats of SPF grade were recruited. Twelve were randomly selected as the blank control group. The CIA model was established in the rest 60 rats by subcutaneously injecting type II collagen of bovine emulsion from the tail root and induction of incomplete Freund's adjuvant. On day 15 after primary immunization rats were randomly divided into four groups, i.e., the CIA model group, the Tripterygium Glycosides (TG) group (at the daily dose of 9.68 mg/kg body weight), the high dose QR group (at the daily dose of 6.66 g/kg body weight), and the low dose QR group (at the daily dose of 3.33 g/kg body weight), 15 in each group. Corresponding medication was given to rats in all groups by gastrogavage once daily for 4 successive weeks. An equal volume of pure water was given to rats in the blank control group and the CIA model group by gastrogavage, once daily for 4 successive weeks. The swelling degree of the joints was measured. Rats were sacrificed after 4-week treatment. Plasma levels of SOD, MDA, and GSH-Px were measured with colorimetric method. The expression of HIF-1alpha was detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with the CIA model group, the swelling degree of the joints was significantly alleviated in the TG group and the high dose QR group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), and it was obviously milder in the high dose QR group than in the TG group (P < 0.05). (2) Compared with the CIA model group, the activities of GSH-Px could be obviously elevated and activities of MDA lowered in the TG group, the high dose QR group, and the low dose QR group (P < 0.05). Plasma activities of SOD could be obviously elevated in the high dose QR group and the TG group (P < 0.05). (3) Compared with the CIA model group, the expression of HIF-1alpha obviously decreased in the TG group and the high dose QR group (P < 0.05), and it showed a decreasing tendency in the low dose QR group with no statistical difference (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>QR could markedly alleviate the swelling degree of ankle joints in CIA model rats. Its therapeutic efficacy was superior to that of TG. Its mechanism might be achieved through down-regulating expression of HIF-1alpha in the joint, and regulating activities of SOD, MDA and GSH-Px in the plasma.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glutathione Peroxidase , Blood , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Joints , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Malondialdehyde , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Blood
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1137-1143, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233022

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the transdermal delivery characteristics of Gentiana macrophylla complex components system through different parts of the skin under micro-needles conditions. Two-chamber diffusion cells were used, different parts of isolated skin and micro-needle pretreated isolated mouse skin were applied separately, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) similarity evaluation methods were used to evaluate transdermal delivery characteristics of Gentiana macrophylla complex components system on receiving pool and the permeation rate and penetration amount of Gentiopicroside at different parts of mouse skin. In the 24 h, the similarity between receiving fluid which was on passive transdermal delivery and micro-needle transdermal delivery conditions and original fluid were ranged from 83.0% to 98.9%; By the micro-needle pretreatment with different parts of the mouse skin, the time that Gentiana macrophylla complex components system though abdominal skin to the receiving fluid which reached 90% similarity compared with that of original fluid was 4 h, which was 18 h at back skin and 12 h at neck skin separately. Micro-needles can be used as the ideal ingredients for traditional Chinese medicine complex transdermal delivery; transdermal absorption time delay could be greatly reduced and its bioavailability was improved. The permeation rate and similarity to original liquid of Chinese medicine complex components increased significantly in the abdominal skin relative to the neck and back skin under micro-needle conditions.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Biological Availability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Gentiana , Chemistry , Iridoid Glucosides , Pharmacokinetics , Mice , Needles , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Skin Absorption
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of osteopractic total flavone on bone histomorphometry of osteoporosis model in rath with ovariectomized female rat models.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The ovariectomy-induced model, bone sliceswith calcium, pigmentation, and Leica Qwin image analysis system were adopted on bone histomorphometry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>As compared with the model group, the effect of small-dose group and middle-dose group of osteopractic total flavone on TBV% of shankbone increased significantly; the effect of small-dose group and middle-dose group of osteopractic total flavone on TRS% of shankbone reduced significantly and TFS%, AFS%, MAR, BFR of shankbone reduced obviously; the effect of middle-dose group of osteopractic total flavone on OSW and mAR reduced obviously, the effect of small-dose group of osteopractic total flavone on them had the tendency of reducing, but there was no statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ovariectomized rats having been fed with osteopractic total flavone for 6 months, TBV% increased significantly while TRS%, AFS%, MAR, BFR, OSW, and mAR reduced obviously. It indicates that the therapeutical effect of osteopractic total flavone on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis model is significant. And the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis model is a high transformative type of osteoporosis model in which bone absorption is higher than bone formation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Flavones , Pharmacology , Osteoporosis , Pathology , Ovariectomy , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276681

ABSTRACT

In this article, the items from 1999 to 2003 of pharmaceutics of Chinese medicine accepted and supported by subject of traditional Chinese medicine, No.9 department of life science, national natural science foundation of China (NSFC) have been reported, in several aspects, such as extracting process, preparation, biopharmaceutics, pharmacokinetic, etc. The problems in these items have also been analyzed briefly.


Subject(s)
Biopharmaceutics , China , Dosage Forms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Research , Research Support as Topic , Technology, Pharmaceutical
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304183

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of the recipes for nourishing Shen-yin (NSY) and for warming recuperating Shen-yang (WRSY) on the activity of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-five female rats were randomly divided into five groups: the control, the sham operation, the ovariectomy, the ovariectomy plus NSY and the ovariectomy plus WRSY group. The medication was starting from one week after operation and lasted continuously for 3 months. The proximal tibia of rats were analyzed with bone histomorphometry, the activity of IL-1 was detected with mouse thymocyte assay and the activity of IL-6 was detected with IL-6 dependence cell proliferation assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three months after ovariectomy, the percentage of trabeculae bone volume (TBV%) of tibia in rats was markedly reduced, but the percentage of trabeculae absorption surface (TRS%) and trabeculae formation surface (TFS%) significantly increased, and the activity of IL-1 and IL-6 increased obviously. These abnormal changes could be reversed to different degree by NSY or WRSY, but the effect of the latter was superior to that of the former.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The inhibitory effect of WRSY on IL-1 and IL-6 activity was significantly better than that of NSY, which is one of the mechanisms of its superiority in preventing osteoporosis induced by ovariectomy in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Interleukin-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Metabolism , Ovariectomy , Phytotherapy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
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