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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1949-1957, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780302

ABSTRACT

Tumor, especially malignant tumor has become one of the major diseases, a serious threat to the health of people around the world. Modern clinical practice shows that the natural active products extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, marine medicine and other natural drugs, such as terpenes, alkaloids, polysaccharides, volatile oils and peptides, can effectively inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In this paper, the active components of natural antitumor products in recent years were summarized and their related mechanism was elucidated, so as to provide theoretical basis for the further development of natural antitumor drugs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243372

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the sensitizing effect of recombinant human PDCD5 (rhPDCD5) protein on chemotherapy of U937 cell line and its mechanism. The flow cytometry was performed to assess the changes of cell apoptosis and cell cycle influenced by rhPDCD5. Hochst 33258 staining was used to observe morphology of the apoptotic cells. The activity change of caspase-3 was detected to analyse the possible mechanisms of rhPDCD5-induced apoptosis. RT-PCR was performed to observe the expression level of drug-resistant genes. The results showed that the percentage of apoptotic cells and the activity of caspase-3 remarkably increased in U937 cells treated with rhPDCD5 combined with chemotherapeutic drug; the cell cycle arrest induced by anti-tumor drug was also enhanced when combined with rhPDCD5; meanwhile, the expression levels of drug-resistant genes were down-regulated in jointly treated U937 cells. It is concluded that the chemosensitizing mechanisms of rhPDCD5 are complex. rhPDCD5 may increase the cytotoxicity of anti-tumor drugs by promoting the caspase-3-related apoptosis, influencing cell cycle, decreasing the expression of drug-resistant genes and reversing drug-resistance.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Pharmacology , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Cycle , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Pharmacology , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , U937 Cells
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 267-274, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250944

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The genome of the severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) includes sequences encoding the putative protein X4 (ORF8, ORF7a), consisting of 122 amino acids. The deduced sequence contains a probable cleaved signal peptide sequence and a C-terminal transmembrane helix, indicating that protein X4 is likely to be a type I membrane protein. This study was conducted to demonstrate whether the protein X4 was expressed and its essential function in the process of SARS-CoV infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The prokaryotic and eukaryotic protein X4-expressing plasmids were constructed. Recombinant soluble protein X4 was purified from E. coli using ion exchange chromatography, and the preparation was injected into chicken for rising specific polyclonal antibodies. The expression of protein X4 in SARS-CoV-infected Vero E6 cells and lung tissues from patients with SARS was performed using immunofluorescence assay and immunohistochemistry technique. The preliminary function of protein X4 was evaluated by treatment with and over-expression of protein X4 in cell lines. Western blot was employed to evaluate the expression of protein X4 in SARS-CoV particles.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We expressed and purified soluble recombinant protein X4 from E.coli, and generated specific antibodies against protein X4. Western blot proved that the protein X4 was not assembled in the SARS-CoV particles. Indirect immunofluorescence assays revealed that the expression of protein X4 was detected at 8 hours after infection in SARS-CoV-infected Vero E6 cells. It was also detected in the lung tissues from patients with SARS. Treatment with and overexpression of protein X4 inhibited the growth of Balb/c 3T3 cells as determined by cell counting and MTT assays.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results provide the evidence of protein X4 expression following SARS-CoV infection, and may facilitate further investigation of the immunopathological mechanism of SARS.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , BALB 3T3 Cells , Chlorocebus aethiops , Growth Inhibitors , Physiology , HeLa Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung , Chemistry , Mice , Molecular Sequence Data , SARS Virus , Chemistry , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Metabolism , Vero Cells , Viral Structural Proteins , Physiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 309-312, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324163

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the characteristics of cellular metabolism of mandibular condylar chondrocytes in repairing state of osteoarthrosis and investigate its role in the pathogenesis of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Temporomandibular joint osteoarthrosis model of rabbits was created by the partial resection of joint disc and confirmed with histological diagnosis. The chondrocytes were harvested from osteoarthritic condylar cartilage in the repairing state and cultured in vitro under the monolayer culture condition. The cellular expression of cartilaginous matrix protein, collagenase and growth factors between the osteoarthritic chondrocytes and the normal controls were measured with RT-PCR technique to outline the basic feature of the osteoarthritic cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cultured cells were confirmed as chondrocytes with their ability of expression of collagen type II and Aggrecan. In the reactive repairing state of osteoarthrosis, the chondrocytes showed the imbalance of expression of ECM proteins, and increased expression of collagenase and endogenous growth factors such as IGF-1 and TGF-beta1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study found the active anabolism of the chondrocytes within the osteoarthritic condylar cartilage and the imbalance synthesis of cartilage matrix. These repairing attempts by the osteoarthritic chondrocytes may be impossible to restore the primary homeostasis within the condylar cartilage.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Metabolism , Pathology , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes , Metabolism , Extracellular Matrix , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Mandibular Condyle , Metabolism , Pathology , Osteoarthritis , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rabbits , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Pathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Metabolism , Pathology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare the polyclonal anti-peptide antibody against chemokine-like factor1 (CKLF1) and apply it to the expression and functional studies of CKLF1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CKLF1 was analyzed with bioinformatics methods. The 16 amino acids sequence peptide was selected from CKLF1 C terminal end. Antibody was raised by immunizing rabbits with the peptide conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A high titer polycolonal antibody was obtained from the rabbit against the peptide. ELISA analysis proved that the titer of rabbit serum against anti-peptide of CKLF1 was up to 10(-4). Western blot analysis revealed that it could react not only with recombinant CKLF1 expressed in a cell-Free Protein Biosynthesis System and Drosophila S2 cells, but also recognize the endogenous CKLFs in the tissue array. Positive staining was detected in the normal bronchial cartilage, gastric mucosa, and gastric smooth muscle tissues. Normal rectum and well-differentiated rectal carcinoma showed strong positive staining, but the poor-differentiated rectal carcinoma samples revealed negative staining.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The anti-peptide antibody can specifically recognize CKLFs and may be a useful reagent for the detection of CKLF1.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Antibody Specificity , Allergy and Immunology , Chemokines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cloning, Molecular , Humans , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Peptide Fragments , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1123-1129, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291966

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) was recently identified as a novel cytokine. The full-length CKLF1 cDNA contains 530 bp encoding 99 amino acid residues with a CC motif similar to that of other CC family chemokines. Recombinant CKLF1 exhibits chemotactic activity on leucocytes and stimulates proliferation of murine skeletal muscle cells. We questioned whether CKLF1 could be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammation and proliferation in the lung. Therefore we used efficient in vivo gene delivery method to investigate the biological effect of CKLF1 in the murine lung.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CKLF1-expressing plasmid, pCDI-CKLF1, was constructed and injected into the skeletal muscles followed by electroporation. Lung tissues were obtained at the end of week 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively after injection. The pathological changes in the lungs were observed by light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A single intramuscular injection of CKLF1 plasmid DNA into BALB/c mice caused dramatic pathological changes in the lungs of treated mice. These changes included peribronchial leukocyte infiltration, epithelial shedding, collagen deposition, proliferation of bronchial smooth muscle cells and fibrosis of the lung.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The sustained morphological abnormalities of the bronchial and bronchiolar wall, the acute pneumonitis and interstitial pulmonary fibrosis induced by CKLF1 were similar to phenomena observed in chronic persistent asthma, acute respiratory distress syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome. These data suggest that CKLF1 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of these important diseases and the study also implies that gene electro-transfer in vivo could serve as a valuable approach for evaluating the function of a novel gene in animals.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cell Biology , Cell Movement , Chemokines , Genetics , Physiology , Electroporation , Humans , Lung , Pathology , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Molecular Sequence Data , Plasmids , Pulmonary Fibrosis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674639

ABSTRACT

By using genetic engineering techniques,we expressed in E.coli fusion proteins which con-tained human endothelial cell-derived IL-8 (EDhIL-8)、MS2 protein and different length of ?- galactosidase segments,named MS2-hIL-8、lac-hIL-8, lac-T-hIL-8 respectively.The lac-T-hIL-8 has a synthesized thrombin recognition site.Because there is a natural thrombin recognition sitewithin the EDhIL-8,thrombin can hydrolyze lac-hIL-8 and MS2-hIL-8 into natural hIL-8 ex-hibited biological activity,but has no effect on lae-T-hIL-8 which contained two recognition sitesfor thrombin.These results here indicated that the recognition of thrombin dependents on notonly the amino acid sequences of the substrates,but also the conformation formed by these aminoacids.

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