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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the causes and prognosis of salvage cholecystectomy for relapsing cholecystolithiasis after gallbladder-preserving gall stones removal surgery.Methods:From Jul 2015 to Dec 2019, 24 referral patients with gallstone recurrence after gallbladder-preserving cholelithotomy surgery received salvage cholecystectomy. The clinical data was analyzed to explore the causes for re-operation and the prognosis.Results:Twenty-two cases had definite gallstone recurrence, among them 19 cases were symptomatic, 2 cases were operated on suspected gallbladder tumor and common bile duct stones induced acute cholangitis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully performed in 23 cases and 1 case was converted to open surgery. No severe complication were observed in all the patients.Conclusions:Symptomatic gallstone recurrence is the most common causes of salvage cholecystectomy after gallbladder-preserving cholelithotomy. Laparoscopic surgery procedure is still highly successful.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666984

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) on the treatment of knee synovial lesions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Methods The results of routine ultrasonography (US) and CEUS were observed in 37 patients with RA.Among them 26 knees were underwent review after treatment.The results before and after treatment were compared.Results Routine US showed that the synovial thickness of patella,medial and lateral condylar and the depth of suprapatellar bursa effusion in 37 knee joints were (0.47 ± 0.26)cm,(0.31 ± 0.15)cm,(0.36 ± 0.21)cm and (0.72 ± 0.42)cm before treatment,and (0.36± 0.16)cm,(0.28 ± 0.17)cm,(0.30 ± 0.19)cm and (0.41 ± 0.19)cm in 26 knee joints after treatment,respectively,the differences were statistically significant(P <0.05).The synovial blood flow classification of patella,medial and the lateral condyle in the 26 knee joints had difference between before and after treatment (P <0.05).CEUS showed that the peak intensity decreased,the area under the curve reduced,the time from peak to one half decreased,the wash in slope decreased and the time to peak prolonged in synovial after treatment,the differences of the parameters between before and after treatment were statistically significant(P <0.05).The area of synovial had some influence on the CEUS parameters and could improve the reliability of the evaluation to CEUS for treatment.Conclusions CEUS is an objective method to evaluate the efficacy of RA,which provides a reliable basis for clinical treatment of RA.

3.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 240-243, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610341

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of primary closure versus T-tube drainage after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in acute cholangitis cases.Methods The clinical data of 100 patients with acute cholangitis undergoing laparoscopic common bile duct exploration from January 2012 to December 2014 were reviewed.54patients received primary closure of the common bile duct and 46 patients were subjected to T-tube drainage after choledochotomy.Results One hundred patients underwent the surgery successfully.Compared with the T-tube group,the operation time(96.72 min vs 123.00 min,P =0.001),intraoperative blood loss(27.13 ml vs 38.48 ml,P =0.009),postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery time(1.57 d vs 2.33 d,P=0.003) and postoperative hospital stay(6.19 d vs 9.20 d,P=0.000) were significantly less in the primary closure group.There were no statistical differences in the incidence of postoperative drainage (309.22 ml vs 212.46 ml,P =0.070),drainage time (3.96 d vs 4.02 d,P =0.875),incidence of bile leakage(9.3% vs 0,P =0.060) and postoperative bleeding rate(5.1% vs 2.2%,P =0.622) between these two groups.Conclusion Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with primary closure of the common bile duct is an effective and safe procedure in acute cholangitis cases compared with T-tube drainage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609780

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of CEUS in Crohn discasc (CD) activity.Methods Thirty-nine patients with CD were analyzed.The clinical disease activity index of 18 cases were less than 150 (inactivity),and 21 cases were between 150 and 450 (activity).The thickness of intestinal walls were measured and Limberg classification were determined by power-Doppler results.The CEUS was performed,and the parameters including rise time,peak intensity,mean transit time,time from peak to one half,wash in slope and time to peak were statistical analyzed.Results The thickness of the lesions,peak intensity and wash in slope of activity CD were greater than those of inactivity CD,which had significant difference (all P<0.05).The Limberg classification of type Ⅰ was 1 case,type Ⅱ was 4 cases,type Ⅲ was 10 cases and type Ⅳ was 6 cases in activity CD.The Limberg classification of type Ⅰ was 10 cases,type Ⅱ was 7 cases and type Ⅲ was 1 case.The Limberg classification were mainly type Ⅲ and type Ⅳ in activity CD,and type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ in inactivity CD,which had significant difference (P<0.001).Conclusion CEUS can provide quantitative parameters in CD activity and has great clinical value.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342885

ABSTRACT

To explore the optimum laser power and energy in porcine thyroid ablation in vitro with 1 064 nm Nd:YAG laser of different power and energy guided by ultrasound after comparison of size and pathology of ablation lesions. The experimental results showed that Laser ablation effect of porcine thyroid in vitro is definite, the size of ablation lesions increases as the laser power and energy increases, when the laser power and energy are 3 W and 1 800 J, the ablation lesion effect reaches ideal level.


Subject(s)
Animals , Laser Therapy , Methods , Lasers, Solid-State , Swine , Thyroid Gland , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Ultrasonography
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440236

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between plasma cystatin C (CysC) level and carotid atherosclerotic plaque in patients with ischemic stroke.Methods The clinical data in patients with acute ischemic stroke were analyzed retrospectively.According to the results of carotid artery ultrasound,the patients were divided into either a non-plaque group or a plaque group.Then the plaque group was redivided into a stable plaque subgroup and a vulnerable plaque subgroup.Multivariate logistic regression analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were used to explore the risk factors for carotid atherosclerotic plaque.Results A total of 226 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled,172 of them had carotid plaque,and 54 had no plaque.Of the patients with carotid plaque,94 were stable plaque and 78 were vulnerable plaque.The age (71.82 ± 9.94 years vs.60.74 ± 13.81 years; t =6.160,P =0.014),proportion of patients with ischemic heart disease (11.6% vs.1.9%; x2=6.169,P=0.020),systolic blood pressure (148.770± 21.007 mm Hg vs.142.240 ± 19.404 mm Hg; t =2.029,t =0.044),plasma CysC concentration (1.046 ± 0.438 mg/L vs.0.860 ±0.214 mg/L; t =3.006,P =0.003),and carotid IMT (1.122 ±0.278 mm vs.0.878 ±0.250 mm; t =5.762,P=0.000) in the plaque group were significantly higher than those in the non-plaque group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the age (odds ratio [OR] 1.079,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.044-1.116; P=0.000) and IMT (OR 31.450,95% CI 6.233-158.692; P=0.000) was the independent risk factor for carotid plaque,while there was no significant independent correlation between the plasma CysC level and carotid plaque (P =0.217).Only IMT in the stable plaque subgroup was significantly higher than the vulnerable plaque group (1.176 ±0.285 mm vs.1.058 ±0.258 mm; t =-2.824,P =0.005),and it was the independent protective factor for the carotid plaque stability (OR 0.195,95% CI 0.059-0.064; P =0.007).Pearson correlation analysis showed that the plasma CysC level was positively correlated with the age (r =0.375,P =0.000) and serum creatinine level (r =0.462,P =0.000),but it was not significantly correlated with carotid IMT (r =0.075,P =0.264).Conclusions In patients with ischemic stroke,no correlations were found between the plasma CysC level and carotid atherosclerotic plaque,plaque stability,and IMT.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435244

ABSTRACT

Laparo-endoscopic single site (LESS) surgery is in line with the development trend of minimally invasive surgery.Resolving the problems caused by the tiny single trocar is very important for the popularizing of LESS surgery.From February to September in 2012,34 patients with cholecystolithiasis or polypoid lesions of the gallbladder received gasless singleincision laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the Xuanwu Hospital.All the operations were successfully done,with no conversion to conventional laparoscopic surgery or open surgery.The mean operation time,intraoperative blood loss and duration of postoperative hospital stay were 70 minutes (range,45-135 minutes),18 ml (range,5-40 ml) and 3.4 days (range,3-4 days).There was no complication within the follow-up of 3 weeks,and all patients recovered well with satisfied cosmetic effect.Combination of gasless single-incision laparoscopic techniques could decrease the difficulty of LESS surgery and help to popularize LESS surgery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424287

ABSTRACT

Innovation is the soul and dynamic of surgical continues development, laparoscopic surgical technique brings us the opportunity and challenge in the 21st century era of minimally invasive surgery, we should be innovative and some more calm thinking. Some traditional surgical ideas and approaches should be reassessed and developed, but not some basic surgical principles. Surgery is a practical science and innovation should be based on the practical foundation,minimally invasive surgical technological development depends on the development of modern science and technology.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472757

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of color Doppler ultrasonography in congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). Methods The sonographic characteristics of 62 children with CMT confirmed clinically were retrospectively analyzed. Results Abnormal ultrasound features could be visualized in all of 62 children with CMT. According to the sonogram features, 62 children were divided into 2 types: mass-forming (32/62, 51.61%) and diffuse type (30/62, 48.39%). Arterial flow signals were detected in 18 children (18/62, 29.03%); RI was 0.73-0.88. Conclusion Ultrasonography has specific value for the diagnosis of CMT.

10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 468-72, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-449363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of Astragalous Injection on oxidative stress and micro-inflammatory status in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: Sixty MHD patients were included and randomized into treatment group and control group, with another 10 healthy volunteers as normal control. The patients in the treatment group were treated with Astragalous Injection and the patients in the control group were treated with normal saline for 12 weeks. A spectrophotometric method was used for the measurement of plasma concentrations of oxidative parameters including advanced glycation end products (AGEs), advanced oxidation protein product (AOPP), malondialdehyde (MDA) and vitamin E (Vit E). The content of C-reactive protein (CRP) was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the plasma levels of AGEs, AOPP, MDA and CRP were significantly increased, while plasma level of Vit E was significantly decreased in MHD patients ( P<0.01). After Astragalous Injection treatment, the plasma levels of AGEs, AOPP, MDA and CRP were decreased as compared with the control group ( P<0.01), while there was no significant difference in plasma Vit E level between the treatment group and control group. CONCLUSION: There exist oxidative stress and micro-inflammation in MHD patients. Astragalous Injection can ameliorate the accumulation of oxidative products and micro-inflammatory status, but it has no significant effect on plasma Vit E level.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590480

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of laparoscopic appendectomy(LA) and open appendectomy(OA) for perforated appendicitis.Methods From January 2002 to December 2005,40 patients with perforated appendicitis were treated at Xuanwu Hospital,20 of them received LA,and the others underwent OA.The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed.Results The operative time in the LA group was significantly longer than that in the OA group [(75.8?11.6) min vs(54.8?9.5) min,t=6.264,P=0.000)].And the patients in the LA group returned to oral intake earlier than those in the OA group [(1.8?0.5) d vs(2.6?0.5) d,t=-5.060,P=0.000].Moreover,the periods of antibiotic use and hospital stay in the LA group were significantly shorter than those in the OA group [(3.8?0.7) d vs(6.3?1.2) d,t=-8.048,P=0.000;and(5.8?1.1) d vs(11.6?1.6) d,t=-13.359,P=0.000].Although 3 patients had incision infection in the OA group,while none of the LA group had such a complication,no significant difference was detected in the complication rate between the two groups(Fisher's exact test,P=0.115).Conclusions Laparoscopic appendectomy is superior to open surgery for perforated appendicitis because of its advantages of quick recovery,short hospitalization,less antibiotic use,and minimal invasion.LA is a safe,effective,and feasible procedure for perforated appendicitis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585485

ABSTRACT

This paper designs the component-based workflow architecture of a medical diagnosis and treatment system. The introduction of component technology enhances the expansibility and robustness of the system. At the end of this paper, a component -based technique for designing medical diagnosis and treatment system, named "Building Block", is brought forward and validated.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 696-698, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264781

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the effect of pneumoperitoneum on liver indocyanine green (ICG) metabolism and the hepatic blood flow in normal and cirrhotic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty male Wistar rats were randomized into five groups: normal anaesthesia group, normal laparotomy group, normal pneumoperitoneum group, cirrhosis + anaesthesia group, and cirrhosis + pneumoperitoneum group. Liver cirrhosis was induced in two groups by injecting carbon tetrachloride subcutaneously plus drinking 5% alcohol. ICG clearance tests were performed in all the rats.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ICG level in the normal laparotomy group (0.662 micro g/ml) was higher than that in the normal anesthesia group (0.645 micro g/ml), but the difference was not significant (P > 0,05). The ICG level in the normal pneumoperitoneum group (0.967 micro g/ml) was significantly higher than that in the normal anesthesia and normal laparotomy groups (P < 0.05). The ICG levels in two cirrhotic groups were significantly higher than those in the other three groups (P < 0.05). The ICG level in the cirrhosis + pneumoperitoneum (1.348 micro g/ml) was significantly higher than that in the cirrhosis + anesthesia group (1.198 micro g/ml) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During laparoscopic surgery, pneumoperitoneum could decrease the liver ICG clearance rate and the hepatic blood flow, which are of clinical significance in determining the state of liver cirrhotic.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Indocyanine Green , Metabolism , Liver Circulation , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental , Male , Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial , Rats , Rats, Wistar
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411364

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the depression and anxiety in patients with asthma. Methods: With SAS and SDS,100 asthmatic patients were assessed. Results: The mean scores of SAS and SDS were 54.12±6.47, 44.8±7.28 respectively. 68% of sample had anxiety and 78% had depression. Conclusion: Most of patients with asthma have anxiety and depression. It suggests the treament of depression and anxiety for asthmatic patients are needed besides the conventional treatment.

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