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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873546

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the Ebstein anomaly's reoperative strategy and mid- to long-term results. Methods    We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 23 patients who diagnosed with Ebstein anomaly and underwent reoperation for tricuspid valve insufficiency between July 2002 and July 2017 in Fuwai Hospital. There were 9 (39.1%) males and 14 (60.9%) females, with a median age of 28.0 (19.0, 45.0) years. Results    Among the 23 patients, 8 (34.8%) underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty and 15 (65.2%) underwent tricuspid valve replacement. The rate of valvuloplasty was 16.7% before 2012, and 54.5% after 2012 (P=0.089) as Cone reconstruction procedure was used. In the valvuloplasty cohort, 3 (37.5%) patients were treated with Danielson or Carpentier technique, and 5 (62.5%) patients were treated with Cone reconstruction procedure. There was no operation-related death. Early complications occurred in 3 (37.5%) patients. The median follow-up was 6.9 years (range, 3.0-15.1 years), and no adverse cardiac events occurred. In the patients with valve replacement, 7 (46.7%) received mechanical prosthesis and 8 (53.3%) received bio-prosthesis. There was no operation-related death. And early complications were observed in 3 (20.0%) patients. The median follow-up was 6.5 years (range, 2.5-15.3 years). One (6.3%) patient died and 4 (26.7%) had long-term complications during the follow-up period. Conclusion    The mid- to long-term outcomes are convincing in patients who undergo the second operation due to recurrent tricuspid regurgitation of Ebstein anomaly. A low incidence of reoperation is observed. Cone reconstruction procedure provides possibilities of second tricuspid valvuloplasty, and this technique can reduce the rate of tricuspid valve replacement in the second operation. Tricuspid valve replacement is still an alternative method for the treatment of recurrent tricuspid regurgitation in patients with Ebstein anomaly. The bioprosthetic prosthesis may be a better choice than mechanical prosthesis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463927

ABSTRACT

The 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were used as carriers in the investigation of total extract, n-butanol extract, CB-1 and CB-2 of Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt. on cell proliferation and differentiation. Three groups at different doses were set for each of the four extract regions of C. tinctoria Nutt., respectively. MTT assay was used to detect 3T3-L1cell proliferation by four extract regions of C. tinctoria Nutt. Oil Red O staining was used to analyze the formation and accumulation of cytoplasmic lipid during cell differentiation. The results showed that compared with the control group, there were significant inhibition on cell proliferation when thetotal extract of C. tinctoriaNutt. at 100 μg·mL-1, n-butanol extract at 0.5, 5, and 50 μg·mL-1, CB-1 and CB-2 at 50 μg·mL-1 (P< 0.01). N-butanol extract showed certain dose-dependent manner (r = -0.903). Oil Red O staining showed that compared with the control group, thetotal extract of C. tinctoria Nutt. at 1, 10, 100 μg·mL-1 can obviously inhibit cell differentiation, reduce the formation of cytoplasmic lipid (P< 0.01). N-butanol extract can inhibit cell differentiation in a dose-dependent manner (r= -0.779). CB-1 and CB-2 obviously inhibited cell differentiation at the concentration of 50 μg·mL-1 (P < 0.01). It was concluded that thetotal extract, n-butanol extract, CB-1 and CB-2 of C. tinctoria Nutt. can inhibit the proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and reduce the formation of cytoplasmic lipid.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447399

ABSTRACT

Phenolic acids of rhizosphere soil of Panax notoginseng were identified and the contents were determined. HPLC-MS and HPLC were used. Compared with the literature and standard reference, identification and content de-termination were given on phenolic acids of rhizosphere soil of Panax notoginseng in Wenshan, Yunnan province. The results showed that six types of phenolic acids were detected from the extract of rhizosphere soil of Panax notogin-seng, which were p-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid and benzoic acid. The content of p-coumaric acid showed the highest concentration of 24.01 μg·g-1, while syringic acid had the lowest concentration of 1.26 μg·g-1. The sequence of content in the rhizosphere soil of Panax notoginseng from top to bot-tom was p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, benzoic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid and syringic acid. It was concluded that the rhizosphere soil of Panax notoginseng contained six types of phenolic acids, which were p-hy-droxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid and benzoic acid.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350684

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To use COI gene on the Mauremys reevesii and its adulterants by molecular identification. Search a rapid, accurate method of identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We collected 8 species of the authentic and adulterants of teseudinis carapax et planstrum in a nationwide then, extracted DNA, got the COI sequences. Use ContigExpress, Dnaman, Edit Sequence and Mega 5 to analyze the variable site and construct the N-J tree.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compare with the authentic Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum, the adulterant exist lots of variable site. The N-J tree Indicates that the same genus belong together and each species belong to relatively independent branch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the COI gene, the technology of DNA bar code can be a excellent identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Electron Transport Complex IV , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Quality Control , Reptilian Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Turtles , Classification , Genetics
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