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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of serum miR-224-5p in PDAC and its significance for early clinical diagnosis.Methods:From August 2018 to April 2020, 40 patients with PDAC (11 patients with early PDAC, 29 patients with advanced PDAC), 21 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 40 healthy volunteer controls admitted in Qingdao Municipal Hospital were enrolled. The level of serum miR-224-5p in each group was detected by qRT-PCR method, and the correlation with clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of miR-224-5p, CA19-9 and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 were drawn, and the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis were calculated.Results:The serum miR-224-5p levels in early PDAC group, middle and late PDAC group, chronic pancreatitis group and healthy control group were 3.21(2.01, 4.60), 4.70(3.50, 8.26), 1.72(1.02, 2.78) and 1.38(0.89, 2.11), respectively; and the level of serum miR-224-5p in the middle and late PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the early PDAC group, and that in the early PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the chronic pancreatitis group and the healthy control group, and all the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The sensitivity of serum miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9, miR-224-5p, and CA19-9 in the diagnosis of overall PDAC was 95.0%, 85.0% and 67.5%, respectively; and the specificity was 70.0%, 82.5% and 87.5%, respectively. The sensitivity for early PDAC was 90.9%, 72.7% and 63.6%, and the specificity was 85.0%, 72.5% and 87.5%, respectively. MiR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 has the highest specificity in the diagnosis of PDAC. The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis (all P values <0.05). Conclusions:The expression of serum miR-224-5p was significantly up-regulated in patients with early PDAC, and The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. The sensitity of serum miR-224-5p and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 for early PDAC diagnosis were superior to CA19-9 alone, which can be used as a potential sensitive biological marker for early screening of PDAC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423336

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of sphingosine kinasel (SPK1) in apoptosis,invasiveness and multidrug resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line BEL-FU.Methods BEL-FU cells were infected with adenovirus carrying SPK1wT gene and SPK1siRNA (Ad-H1-SPK1) gene.Their effects on biological characteristics of BEL-FU cells were evaluated by MTT,cellular SPK enzyme activity assay,Transwell Migration Technology and Western-blot,respectively.Results AdSPK1wT significantly increased SPK activity but SPK1siRNA(Ad-H1-SPK1) decreased SPK activity.Over expression of SPK1 suppressed the apoptosis induced by DMS(Dimethyl sphingosine,DMS) and enhanced migration of BEL-FU cells.The cells infected with SPK1 siRNA( Ad-H1-SPK1)significantly increased the apoptosis induced by DMS and inhibited the migration of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells.The expression of multidrug resistance-related protein (MRP1) of cells infected with SPK1siRNA (Ad-H1-SPK1) was suppressed significantly compared with the control group,while the expression of MRP1 infected with Ad- SPK1wT was enhanced.Conclusion SPK1 activity is closely associated with apoptosis、migration and multidrug resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells,therefore,it may serve as a new target for HCC treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 653-657, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420025

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the etiological factors of primary pathological duodenogastric reflux (DGR) through investigating the relationship between severity of bile refulx,the changes of surface gastric electric rhythm and gastric emptying movement in primary pathological DGR patients.Methods From January 2007 to April 2008 in Qingdao Municipal Hospital,58 cases of outpatients diagnosed as primary pathological DGR and 21 healthy individuals (control group) were collected and underwent 24-hour gastric bilirubin monitoring,gastric endoscopy,gastric electric rhythm,and gastric emptying test.The relationship between gastric electric parameters and gastric emptying,bilirubin reflux,Hp infection was analyzed.Results 1.The main frequency in fasting and postprandial of primary pathological DGR patients [(1.94±0.04) cpm vs (2.93±0.07) cpm; (2.12±0.03) cpm vs (3.35 ±0.05) cpm],the percentage of normal gastric slow wave in fasting and postprandial (74.46± 0.56 vs 85.55 ± 1.06 ; 63.97 ± 0.64 vs 86.13 ± 1.49),and fasting/postprandial power ratio (PR) (1.68±0.02 vs 2.75±0.09) were all lower than those of control group (P<0.05).The percentage of bradygastria in fasting and postprandial of DGR patients (18.04±0.36 vs 7.76±0.78;23.73±0.91 vs 8.47±0.55),the percentage of tachygastria in fasting and postprandial (8.93±0.26 vs 5.75±0.66;13.02±0.40 vs 7.66±0.27) were higher than that of control group (P<0.05).2.The main frequency of severe reflux patients in fasting and postprandial [( 1.68 ± 0.07) cpm vs (2.13 ± 0.07)cpm; (2.18±0.09) cpm vs (2.76±0.06) cpm],the percentage of normal gastric slow wave in fasting and postprandial (69.71±0.43 vs 80.35±0.68; 56.36 ±0.85 vs 72.34±0.80),fasting /postprandial PR (1.47±0.04 vs 2.02±0.04) were lower than those of mild-reflux group (P<0.05).The percentage of bradygastria in fasting and postprandial of severe reflux patients (22.94 ± 0.68 vs 13.47 ± 0.61; 29.61 ± 1.14 vs 17.55 ± 0.51) and the percentage of tachygastria in fasting and postprandial (9.94 ± 0.54 vs 7.02 ± 0.42 ; 17.04 ± 0.70 vs 10.71 ± 0.20) were higher than that of mild-reflux group (P<0.05).3.There was no significant difference of gastric electrical parameters in fasting and postprandial between Hp-positive and Hp-negative groups (P>0.05).4.The ratio of gastric emptying in DGR group was significantly lower than that of control group (37.9% vs 90.5 %,P<0.05).The gastric emptying delay in DGR group significantly increased compared with control group (60.3% vs 9.5%,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in gastric emptying delay between severe-reflux group and light-reflux group (69.0% vs 51.7%,P > 0.05).Conclusions There is dysfuntion of gastric myoelectrical activity and gastric motility in primary pathological DGR patients,which may be an important mechanism in pathological DGR.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 577-580, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383269

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the etiology and clinical features of jejunoileum bleeding.Methods Seventy-two patients admitted in 7 hospitals of Shangdong province for jejunoileum bleeding from January 1998 to December 2008 were enrolled in the study. There were 46 males and 26 females with mean age of 47 years (ranged 13-85 years). The jejunoileum bleeding was confirmed by means of endoscopy, images or surgery. The causes, diagnostic methods and major clinical manifestations were retrospectively analyzed. Results The most frequent cause of jejunoileum bleeding was tumor (42/72,58.3 %), followed by enteritis (9/72, 12.5 %), diverticulum ( 7/72, 9. 7%), angiopathy (7/72,9.7%), Crohn's disease (3/72,4.2%). Differences were significant in constituent ratio of cause of jejunoileum hemorrhage between male and female and between jejunum and ileum (P<0.05).Hematochezia or hematochezia with abdominal pain was the first presentation. The jejunoileum bleeding in 54. 2% patients was diagnosed by laparotomy, 23. 6% by capsule endoscopy, 9.7% by selective angiography, 6.9% by small bowel series and enteroclysis, 2.8% by colonoscopy and 2.8% by push enteroscopy. The complications of jejunoileum bleeding were anemia, intestinal obstruction,peritoneal metastasis, shock, ankylenteron and intestinal perforation. Conclusions Intestinal tumor is the most common cause in jejunoileum bleeding, especially in jejunum. Whereas the enteritis,diverticulum and angiopathy were often found in ileum. The capsule endoscopy and push enteroscopy are recommended in diagnosis of jejunoileum bleeding.

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