Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 76
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 523-527, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of combining medial plantar flap with medial foot flap for repairing weight-bearing area defects of the foot.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 12 patients with weight-bearing area defects of the foot, who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from March 2020 to March 2022. There were 9 males and 3 females, with the age of 27-62 years [(39.3±8.7)years]. There were 4 patients with palm defects and 8 with heel defects. The defect area ranged from 10 cm×8 cm to 13 cm×12 cm. The cutting area of skin flap ranged from 11 cm×8 cm to 14 cm×13 cm. A total of 5 patients were treated with free flaps (4 patients with palm and 1 with heel defects) and 7 with pedicled flaps (all with heel defects). The flap donor areas were repaired with skin grafting. The flap survival was observed after surgery. At the last follow-up, the appearance, texture, and two point discrimination of the flap were recorded; the foot function was evaluated by Maryland foot function score; the sensory function of the reconstructed skin flap was evaluated by testing the two-point discrimination using a bipedal gauge.Results:The patients were followed up for 6-24 months [(11.8±5.3)months], and all the flaps survived. At the last follow-up, the flaps were free of any swelling and ulceration, with good texture and no sliding. The Maryland foot function score was (92.8±7.2)points at the last follow-up, which was significantly higher than the preoperative (36.6±6.1)points ( P<0.01), being excellent in 9 patients and good in 3. The two-point discrimination of the reconstructed flap was (17.8±5.7)mm at the last follow-up, and there was no significant difference compared with the contralateral (16.3±5.1)mm ( P>0.05). The sensation of the flap returned to normal. There were residual scars in the flap donor area after skin grafting, but no significant impact on foot movement. Conclusion:The medial plantar flap combined with medial foot flap has a large cutting area and good texture, meets the functional requirements, and achieves good postoperative sense recovery, making it a good choice for the repair of weight-bearing area defects of the foot.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 900-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the therapeutic effect of modified cross-leg free skin flaps in repairing soft tissue defects of the lower leg.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze clinical data of 8 patients with soft tissue defects of the lower leg admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from June 2018 to June 2020. There were 6 males and 2 females with the age range of 23-60 years[(39.6±5.7)years]. Area of defect was from 10.0 cm×4.5 cm to 21.0 cm×9.0 cm,with the size of flap from 12 cm×5 cm to 25 cm×10 cm. The free flaps were harvested to repair the wound of the affected leg and the blood vessels were anastomosed by cross-leg with the contralateral posterior tibial artery and vein at the first stage,including lateral circumflex femoral artery flap for 6 patients,superficial circumflex iliac artery flap for 1 and latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for 1. At the same time,the pedicled posterior tibial artery perforator flap or random flap was cut to wrap the vascular pedicle. After operation,both legs were placed in a parallel and straight position. After pedicle cleavage at the second stage,the posterior tibial artery and distal artery were re-anastomosed,and the flap was sutured to its original position. Incidences of pressure sores and deep venous thrombosis of the lower leg and patients' acceptance of the position were documented during leg crossing at the first stage. The survival of the flap was observed after pedicle amputation at the second stage. The appearance,texture,function of the affected limb and influence on the healthy leg were observed at the last follow-up. Simultaneously,the lower extremity functional score(LEFS)was used to evaluate the overall function of the affected leg and the Kofoed score to evaluate ankle function.Results:All patients were followed up for 6-18 months[(8.3±1.8)months]. There reported none of pressure ulcer or deep venous thrombosis of the lower leg,without resistance to body position at stage I. All flaps survived after pedicle amputation at stage II. The shape,texture and function of the injured leg were good,with no impact on function of the healthy leg at the last follow-up. The LEFS score of the affected leg and the Kofoed score of the ankle were increased from(31.5±6.9)points and(51.0±10.5)points preoperatively to(51.7±9.8)points and(84.8±8.1)points at the last follow-up( P<0.01). Conclusion:For patients with soft tissue defects of the lower leg,the treatment with modified cross free flap has advantages of relatively comfortable position,no impact on function of the healthy leg,good appearance and texture of the flap and satisfactory recovery of the affected leg.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909950

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rib fractures are the most common injury in thoracic trauma. Previously,the patients with traumatic rib fractures were mostly treated non-surgically,of which 50%,especially those combined with flail chest presented chronic pain or chest wall deformities and over 30% had long-term disabilities,being unable to retain a full-time job. In the past two decades,thanks to the development of internal fixation material technology,the surgical treatment of rib fractures has achieved good outcomes. However,there are still some problems in clinical treatment,including inconsistency in surgical treatment and quality control in medical services. The current consensuses on the management of regional traumatic rib fractures published at home and abroad mainly focus on the guidance of the overall treatment decisions and plans,and relevant clinical guidelines abroad lacks progress in surgical treatment of rib fractures in recent years. Therefore,the Chinese Society of Traumatology affiliated to Chinese Medical Association and Chinese College of Trauma Surgeons affiliated to Chinese Medical Doctor Association,in conjunction with national multidisciplinary experts,formulate the Chinese Consensus for Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Rib Fractures(2021)following the principle of evidence-based medicine,scientific nature and practicality. This expert consensus puts forward some clear,applicable,and graded recommendations from aspects of preoperative imaging evaluation,surgical indications,timing of surgery,surgical methods,rib fracture sites for surgical fixation,internal fixation methods and material selections,treatment of combined injuries in rib fractures,in order to provide references for surgical treatment of traumatic rib fractures.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 688-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery for repairing complex wounds of lower extremity.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on 25 patients with complex wounds of lower extremity treated in Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from September 2018 to September 2020. There were 18 males and 7 females at age of 18-69 years[(42.2 ± 3.7)years]. The wounds were located at the calf in 7 patients,at the ankle in 7 and at the dorsum of foot in 11. Single wide irregular wound was noted in 15 patients for an area of 10 cm × 9 cm to 18 cm × 12 cm,and 2 to 3 sites of wounds occurred in 10 patients with each wound ranging from 4 cm × 3 cm to 12 cm × 5 cm. All wounds were covered using ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery. All donor sites were closed directly. At the latest follow-up,appearance and texture of the flap,formation of scar on the donor sites and walking function of the affected limb were observed. One month after operation and at the latest follow-up,British Medical Research Association(BMRC)grade and Vancouver Scar Scale(VSS)score were used to evaluate the recovery of sensory function of the flap and scar formation of the donor sites,respectively.Results:All patients were followed up for 7-30 months[(12.1 ± 1.8)months]. At the latest follow-up,good appearance and soft texture of the flap were observed,leaving only linear scar at the donor sites and normal function of the affected limb. At the latest follow-up,there were 23 patients with BMRC at grade of S3 and S4 compared to none at 1 postoperative month( P < 0.01),and the VSS score was 4-8 points[(6.0 ± 1.3)points]compared to 7-13 points[(9.9 ± 1.6)points]at postoperative 1 month( P < 0.01). Conclusion:For complex wounds of lower extremity,ramified flap of the lateral circumflex femoral artery has advantages of good recovery of the appearance,texture and sensory function of the recipient sites and only linear scar in the donor sites.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 513-519, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867575

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related risk factors of stress hyperglycemia in patients with acute cerebral infarction and the effect of stress hyperglycemia on short-term cognitive function and prognosis of acute cerebral infarction.Methods:A prospective study was used to select non-diabetic acute cerebral infarction patients who were hospitalized in Department of Neurology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital from June 2016 to November 2019 for observation.According to the increase in blood sugar, the study subjects were divided into stress hyperglycemia group (107 cases) and normal blood sugar group (202 cases), record two groups of general information.After single-factor and multi-factor analysis, independent risk factors for stress hyperglycemia were screened.The degree of neurologic impairment and cognitive function were evaluated on admission and 30 days after onset of the disease in the two groups.The incidence of complications within 30 days after onset of the disease was recorded, and the outcome evaluation of 30 days after onset was completed.The incidence of adverse prognosis was compared between the two groups.Results:The incidence of stress hyperglycemia was 34.6%.By univariate analysis, the proportion of hypertension history, smoking history and multifocal infarction in stress hyperglycemia group was higher than that in normal blood glucose group (all P<0.05), and age, body mass index (BMI), national institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, admission systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the blood glucose group were higher than those in the normal blood glucose group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, admission systolic blood pressure, BMI, NIHSS score and multifocal infarction were independent risk factors of stress hyperglycemia in patients with non-diabetic acute cerebral infarction (all P<0.05); the incidence of cognitive impairment in stress hyperglycemia group was higher than that in normal blood glucose group (21.8% vs.12.7%; χ 2=4.155, P=0.042), and the 30-day MOCA score was lower than that of the normal blood glucose group.According to multivariate Logistic regression analysis, stress hyperglycemia was independently associated with cognitive impairment in the 30 days after acute cerebral infarction( OR=1.788, 95% CI: 1.127-2.836, P=0.014). The results showed that the incidence of poor prognosis in stress hyperglycemia group was significantly higher than that in normal blood glucose group ( P<0.05); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that stress hyperglycemia was independent of other factors related to disease outcome, and closely related to poor prognosis ( OR=1.824, 95% CI1.410-2.664, P=0.003). In addition, disease progression ( OR=2.208, 95% CI1.542-3.104, P<0.001) and severity of admission ( OR=2.340, 95% CI1.670-3.279, P<0.001) were also independent risk factors for poor prognosis. Conclusion:The occurrence of stress hyperglycemia after acute cerebral infarction in non-diabetic patients is the result of multiple factors.It is an independent influencing factor of poor prognosis, and can be used as one of the important reference indicators to predict the disease condition.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2087-2094, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes have been applied in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases due to its many virtues. Therefore, its accurate and effective detection with low cost is critical for disease diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the detection methods and newest progress of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes. METHODS: WanFang, Baidu Scholar, VIP, CNKI, PubMed, Web of Science, Sinomed, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Knowledge databases were retrieved for the articles concerning the detection methods of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes published between June 1997 and June 2019. The keywords were "mesenchymal stem cells, exosomes, detection methods" in Chinese and English, respectively. The duplicated and poorly correlated articles were excluded, and finally 60 eligible articles were included for analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The definition and biological characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells are summarized, and mesenchymal stem cells have been found to treat diseases by paracrine approach. (2) The definition and biological characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes and its potential clinical application are summarized, including immunoregulation in vivo and promotion of tissue regeneration. (3) The commonly used detection methods of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes and the newest progress are reviewed. (4) This review provides experimental basis for the clinical application of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes regarding disease treatment and tissue repair.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 390-394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753509

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and influence factors of human brucellosis in Jilin Province and provide scientific basis for enacting prevention and control strategy to brucellosis in the new period.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics (regional distribution,time distribution,population distribution,etc.),influencing factors (risk factors,protective measures and epidemic prevention),epidemic links,detection methods,clinical stages and prognosis of reported brucellosis cases in Jilin Province from 2011 to 2017.Results From 2011 to 2017,12 116 cases of brucellosis were reported in Jilin Province,with an average incidence of 6.30/100 000.The annual incidence rates were 7.51/100 000,7.11/100 000,7.36/100 000,6.58/100 000,5.90/100 000,5.38/100 000 and 4.24/100 000,respectively.The reported cases were mainly distributed in Songyuan City and Baicheng City,accounting for 73.29% (8 880/12 116) of the total number of reported cases;the time was from January to July,and the peak was from March to May.The age of onset ranged from 20 to 70 years old,mainly in young and middle-aged adults,accounting for 95.86% (11 615/12 116) of the total number of reported cases.The following factors were studied:to take protective measures rate,human and animal mixed live,the same water source,colony house housing disinfection,manage abortion,buy animal quarantine,raise livestock immunity,and the proportion of these factors in each year was 24.38% to 43.33%,3.11% to 17.35%,63.68% to 76.58%,25.40% to 35.07%,21.66% to 34.49%,9.32% to 29.66%,26.09% to 45.45%,respectively.The main infection source was sick sheep,accounting for 96.72% (11 718/12 116).Skin mucosa was the main route of transmission,followed by digestive tract,accounting for 61.55% (7 458/12 116) and 34.17% (4 140/12 116),respectively.The main transmission factors were apoblema and flying dust,accounting for 55.68% (6 746/12 116) and 35.62% (4 316/12 116),respectively.The number of reported cases of brucellosis was 90.55% (10 971/12 116) through passive monitoring.The clinical stage was mostly acute,accounting for 92.01% (11 148/12 116).Healing and improvement accounted for 60.80% (7 367/12 116) and 37.93% (4 596/12 116),respectively.Conclusions Brucellosis has dropped slightly in Jilin Province in 2011-2017,but remains high;the epidemic situation is still grim.We should further strengthen monitoring,health education and health promotion,team construction,in order to effectively control the occurrence of human brucellosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 209-212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756313

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of venous superdrainage technique based anterolateral thigh flap based on oblique branch for the soft tissue defect of proximal shank.Methods Between October,2012 and March,2017,11 cases of the soft tissue defect in proximal shank were treated.There were 8 males and 3 females with a mean age of 43 (range,26-59) years.Causes of injury:7 cases of traffic injury,3 cases of bruise,1 case of machine wound;The defect sizes ranged from 10 cm×5 cm to 13 cm×10 cm,with fracture or plate exposure.Accord ing to the size of the defect,the distally based anterolateral thigh flap was designed to repair the defect.The flap sizes ranged from 14 cm×6 cm to 16 cm×8 cm.The oblique branch and their accompanying vein with great saphenous vein was anastomosed to construct the venous superdrainage,and the donor site suture directly.Three cases followed-up by WeChat,and 8 cases by return visit.Results Distally based anterolateral thigh flaps were derived from oblique branches,and no arteriovenous crisis occurred postoperatively.Eleven flaps healed well after operation.There were no distal end blood supply disorder.Followed-up for 6-12 months,the flaps survived well.The texture was closed to the surrounding skin,and no ulcer exposed.There were no serious complications in donor site.And the thighs were linear scars.Conclusion The distally based anterolateral thigh flap based on oblique branch have a long vascular pedicle.The venous superdrainage technique can effectively avoid venous crisis,and improve the survival quality of the flap and the survival rate.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 63-67, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Clinical evidences of surgically treated stage M1b non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were limited. This study aimed to summarize the clinical data of these patients to explore the prognostic factors of this population.@*Methods@#From January 1999 to December 2012, the clinical data of 40 stage M1b NSCLC patients, including 24 males and 16 females, who underwent surgery were collected by Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Kaplan-Meier method, log rank test and Cox risk regression model were used to analyze the prognose of these patients and their influence factors.@*Results@#A total of 40 patients were available for survival analysis. The Survival rates of the whole population at 1, 3 and 5 years were 70.0%, 40.0% and 22.5%, respectively. The median survival time (MST) was 31.5 months. The outcomes of 23 patients underwent primary tumor resection and local treatment of metastatic site (MST: 41.5 months) were significantly better than those of 13 patients with only primary tumor resection (MST: 15.5 months) and 4 patients with thoracic exploration (MST: 14.5 months) (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that patients without pleural effusion, brain metastasis, chemotherapy and targeted therapy had a statistically better survival (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The overall survivals of surgically treated stage M1b NSCLC patients appear encouraging, and some selected patients may even achieve a long-time survival. Multimodality treatment including surgical lung resection and radical treatment of metastasis should be considered for these patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 486-489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805622

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effects of free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flap in the repair of skin and soft tissue defects in extremities.@*Methods@#From January 2016 to November 2017, 14 patients (9 males and 5 females, aged 19 to 54 years) with skin and soft tissue defects in extremities accompanied with tendon and bone exposure were admitted to our unit. The size of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 7 cm×3 cm to 10 cm×7 cm. The defects were repaired with free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flaps, with size ranging from 13.0 cm×2.0 cm to 20.0 cm×4.5 cm. The medial femoral cutaneous nerve was applied to the flap. The perforator flap was grafted onto the medial femoral cutaneous nerve in 6 patients. The donor sites were sutured directly. The survival of flaps and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#All flaps of 14 patients survived successfully. The recipient sites and donor sites were healed completely in 13 patients, and 1 patient with partial skin necrosis at the edge of flap was healed after treatment. All patients were followed up for 6 months to 1 year after the operation. The flaps were in good shape, with nearly normal color and soft texture and no cicatrix contracture deformity. The flaps recovered protective sense in 6 patients who had medial femoral cutaneous nerve grafting, and the sensory recovery of the flap was slightly worse in the remaining 8 patients. There was no significant complications on the appearance and walking of the donor thigh in 14 patients, only a linear scar was left on the inner thigh, and no numbness was felt in the donor sites of patients.@*Conclusions@#The free superficial femoral artery femoral triangle perforator flap is an ideal therapy for repairing skin and soft tissue defects in extremities.

11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 571-576, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805411

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of preoperative designing for anterolateral femoral flap using three longitudinal and five transversal strategy.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to January 2017, 71 patients (73 pieces) were treated using anterolateral thigh flap in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University. There were 48 males and 23 females, with the age of (36±18) years. The three longitudinal and five transversal designing was performed before operation. Portable Doppler ultrasound was used to detect the piercing-out position (P point) of perforators in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ areas. The diameter, direction and length (lower subcutaneous segment of perforators) of perforators after leaving piercing-out position were observed during the operation. The piercing-in positions on superficial fascia and the dermis were observed.@*Results@#The data of 71 adults (73 legs) were evaluated. Before and during the operation, all the perforations were found in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ areas. The number of perforators in region Ⅰ was 1.32±0.33, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.79±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.54±0.97) cm, and the direction was oblique superolateral. The number of perforators in Ⅱ region was 1.21±0.53, with the diameter of perforator at the piercing-out position was (0.63±0.13) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforators was (2.25±0.54) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance form piercing-in position to line L was (0.84±0.42) cm. The number of perforators in the Ⅲ area was 2.22±0.49, with the diameter of perforators at the piercing-out position was (0.53±0.12) mm. The length of subfascial segment of perforator was (1.96±0.44) cm, and the direction was oblique inferoanterior. The distance between piercing-in positions to line L was (0.74±0.51) cm. The number of perforators in region Ⅳ was 1.41±0.72, with the length of subfascial segment of perforators was (1.22±0.45) cm and the direction was oblique inferolateral. There were 27 cases with oblique perforators, accounting for 37% of the total number of thighs.@*Conclusions@#This three longitudinal and five transversal designing is helpful to detect the expenditure point in the anterolateral femoral region, and is assistant to skin flap designing.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 367-370, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805219

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical effects of superior gluteal artery perforator island flap in repair of sacral pressure ulcer.@*Methods@#From May 2012 to May 2017, 20 patients with sacral pressure ulcers (14 males and 6 females, aged 27 to 67 years) were admitted to our department. According to the consensus staging system of National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel in 2016, 6 cases were in 3 stages, 14 cases were in 4 stages, with the area of pressure ulcers ranging from 5.0 cm×4.0 cm to 10.0 cm×8.0 cm. After debridement and vacuum sealing drainage, the superior gluteal artery perforator island flaps were used to repair the pressure wounds, with the area of flaps ranging from 6 cm×5 cm to 13 cm×8 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The survival of flaps after operation, the healing of wounds, and the follow-up of patients were observed.@*Results@#After surgery, flaps of 20 patients survived well without reoperation. The length of hospital stay of patients was 20 to 40 days, with an average of 25 days. Eighteen patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, with an average of 12.2 months. The flaps were in good shape and elastic recovery. There were no complications such as seroma or hematoma in the donor sites. Both the patients and family members expressed satisfaction with the shape and texture of the flap and shape of hip.@*Conclusions@#The superior gluteal artery perforator island flap is reliable in blood supply and easy to rotate. The flap can carry a little muscle to increase the anti-infective ability. Moreover, the donor site can be directly sutured with slight damage. Thus, it is one of the good methods for repairing sacral pressure ulcers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 356-361, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805217

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the perforator flap of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger in the treatment of webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child.@*Methods@#From January 2012 to January 2016, 26 children who were treated with dressing change after burn of finger and then had webbed scar contracture along with growth and development were hospitalized in our unit, involving a total of 50 fingers. There were 14 males and 12 females among the children aged from 2 to 14 years. After the scar was dissected and released, the wound area ranged from 1.6 cm×1.0 cm to 5.0 cm×2.6 cm. The perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of the same finger was used to repair the wound. The flap area ranged from 1.8 cm×1.0 cm to 4.6 cm×1.8 cm. The donor sites were sutured directly. The residual wounds in donor and recipient sites were repaired by full-thickness skin graft collected from inguinal area/adjacent area or adjacent perforator flap. The postoperative development and function of the fingers were followed up and observed. The range of motion of the fingers was evaluated according to the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society′s upper limb functional evaluation trial standard, the Kantor Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating Scale was used to score the scar of finger, and the latest data were recorded.@*Results@#The flaps and skin grafts survived successfully after operation. The patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months. The perforator flaps of the proper digital artery on the ulnar or radial side of the finger survived well at the latest follow-up, with good color and texture and a two-point discrimination distance of 9 to 12 mm. There was no contracture of the fingers, a little pigmentation in the skin graft area, no flexion deformity of the fingers, no lateral bending of the fingers to the flap-harvesting side, and no scar contracture at the webs of the fingers. Compared with that of healthy side, the development of finger was not obviously abnormal. The range of motion of the fingers was excellent in 38 fingers and good in 12 fingers, and the scar score of the fingers was 2-3 points in 31 fingers, 4-7 points in 15 fingers, and 8-10 points in 4 fingers.@*Conclusions@#The efficacy of perforator flap of the proper digital artery of the ulnar or radial side of finger in the treatment of the webbed scar contracture of the same finger in child is reliable, with high postoperative survival rate of the flap, better color and texture, and fewer complications, which can avoid the risk of re-contracture of the finger in a short period after operation, and does not affect the growth and development of the finger.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 295-302, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805064

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The role of planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy in the non-radical resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was unclear. The study aimed to evaluate their therapeutic effect and analyze the prognostic factors.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received neoadjuvant radio therapy (33 patients) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (119 patients) from January 2004 to December 2016 in our single-institution database.The survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic factors were analyzed by using Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards model.@*Results@#The median follow-up was 29.8 months. One hundred and one patients survived more than 3 years. The rates of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years were 63.9% and 55.6%, respectively.The rates of complete, partial and minimal pathological response of the primary tumor were 50.3%, 38.4%, 11.3%, the corresponding 3-year OS were 75.5%, 57.4%, 27.3% (P<0.001) and 3-year DFS were 72.0%, 44.7%, 17.6% (P<0.001), respectively.The postoperative lymph node metastasis rate was 27.0%. The 3-year OS and DFS of the lymph node positive group was 45.6% and 32.8%, significantly lower than 70.8% and 63.7% of the negative group (both P<0.001). The 3-year OS and DFS of pathologic stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, ⅢA, ⅢB and Ⅵ A were 76.2%, 57.4%, 64.7%, 35.0%, 33.3% (P<0.001) and 70.1%, 49.3%, 41.2%, 22.1%, 33.3% (P<0.001), respectively.The operation-related mortality was 3.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, more than 15 lymph node dissection and ypTNM stage were the independent prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05 for all).@*Conclusions@#The planned neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for the non-radical resection of advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma could result in favorable survival. The chest pain, postoperative respiratory failure, pathological differentiation, the number of lymph node resection and ypTNM stage are the independent prognostic factors of the prognosis of these patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 324-330, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804977

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) are currently the research hotspot on promoting wound healing and preventing organ fibrosis. The application of MSCs has reached the clinical trial stage, however, its nomenclature and biological mechanism are still controversial. Early researchers believed that MSCs play the biological role by its multi-directional differentiation, to repair damaged tissues. In recent years, researchers have found that the conditioned medium of MSCs has the same effect as MSCs in promoting wound healing and preventing fibrosis organ. This suggested that the biological effects of MSCs may be mainly caused by its paracrine mechanism. In this paper, the nomenclature evolution, biological mechanism of MSCs, and the existing problems are briefly reviewed. The hypothesis of " MSCs microenvironment extracellular vesicles" is proposed and discussed.

16.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 153-156, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804760

ABSTRACT

Pressure ulcer is localized damage to the skin and subcutaneous tissue usually over a bony prominence as a result of prolonged pressure, shear force, and friction. The effect of external force on soft tissue is affected by many factors, such as local microenvironment, tissue blood supply, nutritional status, and underlying diseases of patients. Although great efforts have been made by mankind to prevent and treat pressure ulcer in last decades, its prevalence is still high, and the curative effect is still not impressive. The treatment of pressure ulcer is a challenge today, and it is necessary to seek new treatment methods. However, the prerequisite for exploring new treatment methods is to find a proper animal model and further explore new therapies through animal experiments. The pathogenesis of pressure ulcer is complex, and the formation process is affected by a variety of factors. To date, there is no recognized standard animal model. We review the pathogenesis of pressure ulcer and the recently reported animal models of pressure ulcer, so as to provide basic experimental basis for further research on the occurrence, development, and prevention of pressure ulcer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 134-142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of combined transplantation of the rat Schwann cells and fibroblasts (Fbs) on the nerve regeneration of denervated perforator flaps in rats and the mechanism.@*Methods@#(1) Fbs were isolated from the trunk of 2 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats embryos of 14-16 days′ pregnancy and cultured, and the morphology of the cells was observed. The third passage of cells were used for subsequent experiments. The protein expressions of fibronectin and Ephrin-B2 were observed by immunohistochemical method. The mRNA expression of Ephrin-B2 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (n=3). (2) Schwann cells were isolated from the bilateral sciatic nerves and brachial plexus nerves of 45 SD rats born for 1-3 days and cultured, and the morphology of the cells was observed. The third passage of cells were used for subsequent experiments. The rate of S100 positive cells was detected by immunofluorescence method and flow cytometer, with sample numbers of 9 and 3 respectively. (3) In Dulbecco′s modified Eagle medium (DMEM) high glucose medium, 1 mL Fbs and 1 mL Schwann cells both in the concentration of 1×105 cells/mL were co-cultured as Schwann cells+ Fbs co-culture group, and 2 mL Schwann cells in the concentration of 1×105 cells/mL were cultured alone as Schwann cells alone culture group, with 5 wells in each group. The clusters of Schwann cells in the two groups were observed and counted under inverted phase contrast microscope at post culture hour (PCH) 6 and 24 respectively. The clusters of Schwann cells in Schwann cells+ Fbs co-culture group were observed by immunofluorescence method at PCH 24 too. The protein expressions of EphB2, Sox2, and N-cadherin in Schwann cells of two groups at PCH 24 were detected by Western blotting (n=20). (4) Totally 100 8-week-old male SD rats were selected, and an in situ replanted peritoneal denervated perforator flap was made in each rat. According to the random number table, the rats were divided into simple flap group, Fbs alone transplantation group, Schwann cells alone transplantation group, Schwann cells+ Fbs co-transplantation group, with 25 rats in each group. Flaps of rats in Fbs alone transplantation group and Schwann cells alone transplantation group were injected with 0.4 mL Fb and 0.4 mL Schwann cells respectively (2×106 cells each). Flaps of rats in Schwann cells+ Fbs co-transplantation group were injected with 0.4 mL Fbs and Schwann cells mixed cells (totally 2×106 cells, cell number ratio: 1∶1), and flaps of rats of simple flap group were injected with the same volume of DMEM high glucose medium. On post injection day (PID) 2, 5, 7, 9, and 14, 5 rats in each group were selected respectively according to the random number table. The flap tissue was collected, and the number, diameter, and arrangement of regenerated nerves were observed by immunofluorescence method. Data were processed with completely random designed t test, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, t test, and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) The third passage of cells isolated and cultured from the rat embryo trunks were uniform in size and shape, long spindle-shaped, with a large proportion of nuclei. Strong positive expressions of fibronectin and Ephrin-B2 protein in cells were observed, and the mRNA expression of Ephrin-B2 was 0.004 1±0.000 8. The cells were identified as Fbs. (2) After 5 days of culture, the primary cells isolated from the sciatic nerves and brachial plexus nerves of neonatal rats were elongated in cell bodies and grew in nest, fence, or vortex-like shape. The third passage of cells were detected by immunofluorescence method and flow cytometer, and the corresponding S100 positive cell rates were (95.9±1.0)% and (95.8±1.1)% respectively. The cells were identified as Schwann cells. (3) At PCH 6 and 24, the cluster numbers of Schwann cells in Schwann cells+ Fbs co-culture group were significantly higher than those of Schwann cells alone culture group (t=6.500, 10.614, P<0.01). At PCH 24, the Schwann cells in Schwann cells+ Fbs co-culture group aggregated into clusters, Fbs dispersed around the Schwann cell clusters, and the protein expressions of EphB2, N-cadherin, and Sox2 in Schwann cells were significantly higher than those in Schwann cells alone culture group (t=2.975, 19.717, 11.159, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (4) On PID 2, a small number of scattered, disordered, short, and thin nerve fibers were observed in the flap tissue of rats in the four groups. From PID 5 to 14, the number of nerve fibers in the flap tissue of rats of Schwann cells+ Fbs co-transplantation group increased gradually, and the nerve fibers were with long diameter and arranged orderly. The number of nerve fibers in the flap tissue of rats of Schwann cells alone transplantation group increased, but the nerve fibers were with short diameter and arranged disorderly, and the number was smaller than that of Schwann cells+ Fbs co-transplantation group. In simple flap group and Fbs alone transplantation group, the nerve fibers in the flap tissue of rats gradually degenerated with gradually decreased number or even disappeared.@*Conclusions@#The combined transplantation of Fbs and Schwann cells in rats can regulate Schwann cells migration and clustering by activating Ephrin/Eph-Sox2-N-cadherin signaling pathway, thus promoting the orderly nerve regeneration of denervated perforator flaps in rats.

18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 40-47, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804659

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) from type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on wound healing of pressure ulcers in mice.Methods@#(1) In September 2016, the subcutaneous adipose tissue of a 60-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus was harvested, and then AMSCs were extracted by collagenase digestion and cultured. The third passage of cells were used for subsequent experiments. The morphology of cells was observed, and their osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic differentiation abilities were identified. The expressions of cell surface markers CD90, CD105, CD73, and CD34 were detected by flow cytometer (n=3). (2) Sixteen female C57BL/6 wild-type mice aged 6-8 weeks were selected, and one pressure ulcer wound was created on each side of the spine of each mouse by pressing the skin with two magnets. The two wounds of each mouse were paired and divided into diabetic AMSCs group and negative control group, injected with 100 μL phosphate buffer solution (PBS) containing green fluorescent protein-labeled AMSCs (1×106 cells) and 100 μL PBS, respectively. The wound healing status of the two groups within post injection day (PID) 21 was observed, and their wound healing rates on PID 5, 13, and 17 were calculated. Three mice were sacrificed on PID 11 and 21, respectively, and tissue of three wounds was harvested from each group. The skin structure was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the collagen deposition was evaluated by Masson staining, and the positive expression of CD31, i. e., the number of new blood vessels was counted by immunohistochemistry. Wound tissue samples of two groups prepared on PID 21 as above-mentioned were harvested, and the positive cell rate of S100, representing the regeneration of Schwann cells, was detected by immunohistochemistry. Wound tissue samples of diabetic AMSCs group prepared on PID 11 as above-mentioned were harvested, and the colonization of AMSCs was observed by fluorescence tracer method. Data were processed with paired t test and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) The third passage of cells isolated and cultured from the subcutaneous adipose tissue of a type 2 diabetes mellitus patient grew adherently to the wall in a long spindle and vortex-like manner. After induction, the cells showed osteogenic, chondrogenic, and lipogenic differentiation abilities. The positive expression rates of CD90, CD105, and CD73 on the cell surface were higher than 90.00%, and the expression rate of CD34 was 0.46%. The cells were identified as AMSCs. (2) The mice wounds of diabetic AMSCs group healed quickly, and all the wounds healed completely on PID 17, while the mice wounds in negative control group were not completely closed at this time, and there was still scab on the surface. On PID 5, 13, and 17, the healing rates of mice wounds of diabetic AMSCs group were (35.6±6.5)%, (87.1±2.5)%, and 100.0%, respectively, significantly higher than (19.8±7.2)%, (66.2±5.2)%, and (86.9±5.3)% of negative control group (t=6.49, 14.31, 9.73, P<0.05). Compared with that of negative control group, the inflammatory cell infiltration was reduced in mice wounds tissue of diabetic AMSCs group on PID 11, and thicker epidermis and dermis as well as regenerated skin appendages were observed on PID 21. On PID 11 and 21, the collagen percentages of mice wounds tissue in diabetic AMSCs group was (48.3±1.3)% and (54.1±1.7)%, respectively, significantly higher than (41.4±1.7)% and (50.3±1.2)% of negative control group (t=6.98, 3.99, P<0.01). On PID 11 and 21, the numbers of new blood vessels in mice wounds tissue of diabetic AMSCs group were 17.2±1.3 and 18.0±2.1, respectively, significantly more than 8.0±1.4 and 14.0±1.5 of negative control group (t=10.69, 3.38, P<0.01). On PID 21, the S100 positive cell percentage in mice wounds tissue of diabetic AMSCs group was (1.76±0.12)%, significantly higher than (0.55±0.03)% of negative control group (t=21.68, P<0.001). On PID 11, the colonization of AMSCs in mice wounds tissue of diabetic AMSCs group was observed.@*Conclusions@#Transplantation of AMSCs from type 2 diabetic mellitus patients can accelerate wound healing of pressure ulcers in mice by promoting angiogenesis, collagen deposition, and Schwann cell regeneration.

19.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 56-58, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the design of free perforator flap, and the efficacy of utilizing perforator flaps for Ⅳ degree Ischia-sacral ulcer treatment.@*Methods@#From January 2010 to October 2016, 18 patients with Ⅳ degree ischia-sacral ulcer were treated. The surface area of the sacral tail ranged from 4 cm×5 cm to 8 cm ×12 cm.Doppler sonography was used to detect potential perforator.All defects were repaired with free perforator flaps, designed based on the size and shape of the wound. The flap size ranged from 6 cm×11 cm to 9 cm×15 cm.@*Results@#One perforator flap went dehiscence after surgery, repaired by V-Y flap. All the rest of perforator flaps survived well, after 3-24 months follow-up. Flap texture and appearance was good, no ulcer reoccurred.@*Conclusions@#The free perforator flap is a simple technique.It does not need to tracethe trunk of vessels, and it does not cause major morbidities to the buttocks. Therefore, it is one of the ideal ways to repair Ⅳ degree Ischia-sacral ulcer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 40-44, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804640

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the outcome of modified rotary-propulsion facial artery perforator flaps for infraorbital defects repair, after facial tumorresection.@*Methods@#Between January 2014 and June 2017, 21 patients with midface tumor were treated, including basal cell carcinoma (n=17) and squamous cell carcinoma (n=4). The size of the tumor ranged from 0.8 cm × 2.0 cm to 2.0 cm× 3.5 cm. The extended resection of the tumor tissue was performed, based on the tumor type. Intraoperative frozen specimen was used to make sure no tumor residual at margin or wound base. According to the location and size, anarterial perforator flap was designed to cover the defect.The donor site was closeddirectly. The flap size ranged from 1.5 cm × 3.0 cm to 3.0 cm × 5.0 cm. The length of flap pedicle was 1.0 cm to 2.5 cm.@*Results@#All flaps completely survived, with satisfying blood flow.The incisions healed well. After 12 to 36 months follow-up, most scars in the donor site were hidden in nasal buccal sulcus and nasolabial folds. There was no lower eyelid ectropion, eyelid and eyeball separation, oral commissural and nasal distortion. The texture and color of the flap was similar to surrounding skin.The overall appearance is satisfactory.@*Conclusions@#The modified rotary-propulsion facial artery perforator flaps, to repair soft tissue defects in infraorbital area, is reasonable and useful. It is characterized by limited tissue damage indonor site, flexible rotation of flaps, and hidden incision scars. More importantly, it can reduce the occurrence of lower eyelid ectropion

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL