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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 861-869, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of using spectral CT chest enhancement venous phase images to obtain virtual non-contrast (VNC) images and virtual arterial phase images to achieve one phase scan instead of three phase scans.Methods:Imaging data of 100 patients who underwent spectral CT chest plain and dual-phase enhancement scans at the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January to May 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. The venous phase images of all patients were post-processed to obtain virtual non contrast (VNC) and 40 keV virtual mono-energy images (VMI) for simulated arterial phase images (Vart). Image quality and lesion detection were compared between true non-contrast (TNC) and VNC images, and conventional arterial phase (CIart) and Vart images by paired t-test, Wilcoxon test and McNemar test. Objective evaluation indexes of image quality included thoracic aorta, all levels of pulmonary artery, T4 vertebral bone cancellous, chest wall fat CT value, background noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR); the subjective score of image quality was assessed by double-blind method on a 5-point scale; the assessment of lesion detection included the detection rate of calcified foci and pulmonary nodules size, density, volume, percentage of solid components and imaging characteristics. Results:Except for chest wall fat and T4 vertebral bone cancellous, the differences in CT values between VNC and TNC images were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); Except for right upper pulmonary artery and right lower pulmonary artery, the differences in background noise values and SNR between TNC images and VNC images were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Compared with CIart images, the CT values of chest wall fat were lower in Vart images ( P<0.05), and the CT values of the remaining sites were significantly higher ( P<0.05); the background noise values of all sites on Vart images were smaller than those on CIart images, and the SNR and CNR values were higher than those on CIart images ( P<0.05).The differences of subjective scores of images quality were not statistically significant between TNC and VNC images, between CIar and Vart images ( P>0.05). Taking TNC as the standard, the overall detection rate of VNC for calcification was 88.53% (301/340). Except for the short diameter of partially solid nodules, the differences of qualitative and quantitative assessment indexes of lung nodules between TNC and VNC images were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Spectral CT chest venous phase 40 keV VMI can simulate arterial phase images in the diagnosis of vascular lesions, and venous phase VNC basically meets the standard of conventional plain scan, so it is feasible to replace plain scan, arterial phase and venous phase images in a certain range.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1211-1215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a (Peg-IFNα-2a) combined with entecavir in sequential treatment of chronic hepatitis B.Methods:A total of 106 patients with chronic hepatitis B who received treatment in Affiliated Hangzhou Xixi Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2020 to February 2022 were included in this study. They were divided into a control group (entecavir treatment, n = 53) and a study group (sequential therapy with Peg-IFNα-2a followed by entecavir, n = 53). Liver function indicators, liver fibrosis indicators, clinical treatment efficacy, and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Results:After treatment, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase and aspartate transaminase in the control and study groups were (94.79 ± 8.71) μmol/L and (67.67 ± 9.19) μmol/L, (256.93 ± 44.07) U/L and (186.56 ± 48.37) U/L, (256.47 ± 43.73) U/L and (200.69 ± 41.34) U/L, and they were (140.05 ± 26.15) μmol/L and (141.32 ± 25.35) μmol/L, (433.66 ± 77.16) U/L and (429.77 ± 73.73) U/L, (352.34 ± 65.19) U/L and (354.05 ± 66.13) U/L before the treatment. After treatment, these indexes in each group were decreased compared with before treatment ( t = 19.19, -12.13, -28.85, -20.96, -19.27, -12.03, all P < 0.05). After treatment, these indexes in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t = -6.49, -7.30, -6.74, all P < 0.001). After treatment, the levels of hyaluronic acid, laminin, type III procollagen peptide, and type IV collagen in the control and study groups were (124.91 ± 22.99) μg/L and (101.29 ± 22.67) μg/L, (132.71 ± 25.37) μg/L and (110.56 ± 25.49) μg/L, (116.93 ± 20.29) μg/L and (93.14 ± 20.39) μg/L, (63.14 ± 12.19) μg/L and (50.81 ± 11.63) μg/L, and they were (175.73 ± 48.56) μg/L and (177.61 ± 48.51) μg/L, (163.43 ± 41.52) μg/L and (165.57 ± 41.59) μg/L, (139.71 ± 31.75) μg/L and (141.72 ± 31.78) μg/L, (106.97 ± 32.24) μg/L and (104.02 ± 34.12) μg/L before treatment. After treatment, the levels of these indexes in each group were significantly decreased compared with before treatment ( t = -13.04, -8.68, -10.43, -5.82, -13.35, -6.26, -13.02, -10.72, all P < 0.05). After treatment, the levels of these indexes in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t = -5.32, -4.48, -6.02, -5.32, all P < 0.001). The total response rate in the study group was 88.68% (47/53), which was significantly higher than 62.26% (33/53) in the control group ( χ2 = 9.98, P < 0.05). The HBsAg conversion rate in the study group was 33.96% (18/53), which was significantly higher than 1.32% (6/53) in the control group ( χ2 = 7.75, P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the study and control groups [26.42% (14/53) vs. 30.19% (16/53), χ2 = 0.81, P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Sequential therapy with Peg-IFNα-2a followed by entecavir can effectively improve liver function,reduce liver fibrosis , improve clinical treatment efficacy, and will not increase adverse reactions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 312-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982235

ABSTRACT

This study briefly introduces the revised content of Guidance for Registration of Metallic Bone Plate Internal Fixation System (Revised in 2021) compared to the original guidance, mainly including the principles of dividing registration unit, main performance indicators of standard specification, physical and mechanical performance research, and clinical evaluation. At the same time, in order to provide some references for the registration of metallic bone plate internal fixation system, this study analyzes the main concerns in the review process of these products based on the accumulation of experience combining with the current review requirements.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Biomechanical Phenomena
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanical properties related to the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor in clinical use, and to support product design, development and verification.@*METHODS@#By retrieving the database of relevant adverse events, the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor were summarized, and the influencing factors of functional failure were further analyzed by studying the mechanical properties related to functional failure. The publicly available test data was retrieved for verification and provided reference for the researchers.@*RESULTS@#The typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor include anchor failure, suture failure, fix loosening, inserter failure, which are related to the mechanical properties of products, such as screw-in torque and break torque of screw-in anchors, insertion force of knock-in anchors, suture strength, pull-out force before and after system fatigue test and elongation of sutures after fatigue test.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enterprises should pay attention to improving the mechanical performance level of products through material, structural design and the suture weaving process to ensure the safety and effectiveness of products.


Subject(s)
Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Absorbable Implants , Biomechanical Phenomena , Materials Testing
5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 310-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973689

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform a visual bibliometric analysis of hot spots as well as areas of Brucella disease research by searching brucellosis related literature. Methods A thematic search was conducted in the web of science core set database using Brucella disease or brucellosis as keywords to retrieve literature between January 1985 and December 2021. CiteSpace was used to visualize the countries, institutions, authors, and keywords in the retrieved relevant literatures. Results A total of 4 495 eligible articles studies were included, with the United States being the most populous country and the University of Sao Paulo being the most influential. Jilin University and Shihezi University in Xinjiang, China were relatively influential in this field. For the key words analysis, the top 3 of high-frequency words were infection, diagnosis, abortion, and in the 12 clusters formed, the clusters formed by #1, #4 were larger and the research hotspot continued. Keywords in the last five years including human brucellosis, immunity, zoonotic disease, were highlighted. Conclusion Study analysis suggested that human brucellosis with zoonosis was a research hotspot, more scholars focused on the infectious route and other exposure risks of cattle as intermediate hosts, epidemiological studies on brucellosis or will be new trends.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 355-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005714

ABSTRACT

While modern medical technology improves human health, it also changes people’s ethical ways of understanding life, weighing interests, planning for a good life, and building public order and good customs. Technical reflection and clinical evidence-based practice are highly complementary. On the one hand, the cognitive purport of clinical practice changes from "causality" to "correlation". On the other hand, technical reflection opens the review perspective of ethical care. Technical reflection helps medical professionals improve working methods through technical control and ethical care, promote the transition of clinical practice from "cognitive domain" to "ethical domain", and then respond to the basic questions of "what should be done" and "how should be done" in clinical practice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To development the prognostic nomogram for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Methods: Two hundred and ten patients pathologically confirmed as MPM were enrolled in this retrospective study from 2007 to 2020 in the People's Hospital of Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, the First and Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, and divided into training (n=112) and test (n=98) sets according to the admission time. The observation factors included demography, symptoms, history, clinical score and stage, blood cell and biochemistry, tumor markers, pathology and treatment. The Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the prognostic factors of 112 patients in the training set. According to the results of multivariate Cox regression analysis, the prognostic prediction nomogram was established. C-Index and calibration curve were used to evaluate the model's discrimination and consistency in raining and test sets, respectively. Patients were stratified according to the median risk score of nomogram in the training set. Log rank test was performed to compare the survival differences between the high and low risk groups in the two sets. Results: The median overall survival (OS) of 210 MPM patients was 384 days (IQR=472 days), and the 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival rates were 75.7%, 52.6%, 19.7%, and 13.0%, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that residence (HR=2.127, 95% CI: 1.154-3.920), serum albumin (HR=1.583, 95% CI: 1.017-2.464), clinical stage (stage Ⅳ: HR=3.073, 95% CI: 1.366-6.910) and the chemotherapy (HR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.292-0.777) were independent prognostic factors for MPM patients. The C-index of the nomogram established based on the results of Cox multivariate regression analysis in the training and test sets were 0.662 and 0.613, respectively. Calibration curves for both the training and test sets showed moderate consistency between the predicted and actual survival probabilities of MPM patients at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The low-risk group had better outcomes than the high-risk group in both training (P=0.001) and test (P=0.003) sets. Conclusion: The survival prediction nomogram established based on routine clinical indicators of MPM patients provides a reliable tool for prognostic prediction and risk stratification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma, Malignant , Prognosis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Proportional Hazards Models
8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 9-17, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of two-dimensional (2D) fluoroscopic guided robot-assisted and conventional TESSYS surgery in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, the feasibility and precautions of 2D fluoroscopic guided robot-assisted TESSYS surgery were discussed.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 34 male and 36 female patients aged 44.57±6.10 years (range 27 to 60 years) who received 2D guided robot-assisted TESSYS surgery and conventional TESSYS surgery from July 2019 to April 2020. 2D guided robot assisted TESSYS surgery group (the robot group) 32 cases, conventional TESSYS surgery (the conventional group) 38 cases. The number of puncture, number of fluoroscopy, puncture-channel time, operation time, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) before and after surgery and at the last follow-up were compared between the two groups to verify the clinical efficacy, and the complications were analyzed.Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, body mass index, surgical level, Michigan State University (MSU) grading and average follow-up time between the robot group and the conventional group (all P>0.05). All patients completed surgery. The number of puncture times was 1.22±0.79 in the robot group and 4.66±1.86 in the conventional group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=10.320, P<0.001). The number of fluoroscopy in the robot group was 10.97±1.96 times, and that in the conventional group was 17.45±4.30 times, the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.313, P<0.001). The puncture-channel time of the robot group was 10.66±3.62 min and that of the conventional group was 20.21±5.47 min, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=8.446, P<0.001). The operation time of the robot group was 62.25±6.68 min, and that of the conventional group was 72.89±10.48 min, the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.956, P<0.001). VAS scores of the robot group were 6.91±0.93 points before surgery, 2.97±0.65 points 1 d after surgery, and 1.53±0.51 points at the last follow-up, while those of the conventional group were 7.29±1.14 points before surgery, 2.89±0.56 points 1 d after surgery, and 1.42±0.50 points at the last follow-up. The ODI index of the robot group was 40.13%±1.54% before surgery, 17.28%±1.69% 1 day after surgery, and 10.84%±1.25% at the last follow-up, while that of the conventional group was 40.03%±1.46% before surgery, 17.42%±2.45% 1 day after surgery, and 10.92%±1.17% at the last follow-up. There were no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). Two patients (6.3%) in the robot group and four (10.5%) in the conventional group had residual disc, there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:2D guided robot assisted TESSYS surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation, which can plan puncture path in the stage of percutaneous target puncture, rigid guidance and accurate puncture target, and has obvious advantages in reducing puncture times and fluoroscopy times.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 456-461, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of upregulation of HuR gene on the radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell Kyse450. Methods:The HuR gene of Kyse450 cells was upregulated by lentivirus. At the same time, X-ray irradiation at a dose of 6 Gy was selected as the intervention condition. Western blot and qPCR were used to detect the expression levels of protein and RNA after Kyse450 transfection, respectively. CCK8 kit was employed to determine the cell proliferation rate. Clone formation assay was adopted to evaluate the ability of cell clone formation. Wound healing experiment and the Transwell test were performed to detect changes in cell migration. Results:CCK8 assay showed that the proliferation ability of cells was enhanced after upregulation of HuR gene, and this enhancement trend was more obvious after radiation. The plate cloning experiment showed that with the increase of radiation dose, the clone formation rates were decreased in both groups, but the clone formation rate in the overexpression group was higher than that in the control group. Wound healing experiment and Transwell test demonstrated that the wound healing rate and migration ability in the overexpression group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was more significant after radiotherapy. Western blot showed that the levels of MMP9 and MMP2 at 24 h after radiotherapy in the overexpression group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusion:The upregulation of HuR can enhance the proliferation, cloning, migration capabilities and decrease the radiosensitivity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 287-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955963

ABSTRACT

Object:To explore the role of personalized nutritional intervention based on nutritional assessment in long-term continuous nursing of elderly postoperative colorectal cancer patients.Methods:Elderly patients with colorectal cancer who received radical surgery in a tertiary hospital in Beijing were screened from January 2021 to January 2022 and a total of 100 patients at nutritional risk (defined as with a Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 [NRS 2002] score ≥ 3) were included in the study. Patients were stratified by age and then divided into control and intervention groups with 50 cases in each. The control group received regular health guidance and follow-up visits at postoperative outpatient clinics while the intervention group received personalized nutritional intervention based on nutritional assessment additionally. The intervention period was 12 months. Nutritional indicators including body mass index (BMI), upper arm circumference, grip strength and hemoglobin, as well as albumin and quality of life (QoL), are compared between the two groups.Results:Compared with the control group, the intervention group showed significantly better results of BMI [(18.46±0.53) vs (16.9±0.77)], upper arm circumference [(25.09±1.41)cm vs (23.49±1.45)cm], grip strength [(28.34±8.00)kg vs (23.97±7.19)kg], HGB [(135.10±9.27)g/L vs (106.40±8.73)g/L] and ALB [(41.62±3.41)g/L vs (28.62±2.38)g/L, all P < 0.01]. The intervention group also had significantly higher scores in physical [(20.96±2.03) vs (15.66±0.82)], emotional [(21.48±1.64) vs (15.76±1.00)], social [(23.44±1.67) vs (15.96±0.99)], and functional [(20.74±1.74) vs (5.46±0.97)] domains of QoL (all P<0.01). Conclusion:In elderly patients with colorectal cancer after radical resection, personalized nutritional intervention based on nutritional assessment can effectively control nutritional indicators, help reduce the incidence of malnutrition, improve postoperative quality of life, and inform the establishment of standardized process in nutrition management.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1496-1499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after emergency trauma surgery in the patients.Methods:The medical records of emergency surgical trauma patients (traffic accident, fall, engineering accident, etc.) were retrospectively collected.The general condition and perioperative clinical indicators of the patients were recorded.The patients were divided into PTSD group and non-PTSD group according to whether PTSD occurred within 1 month after surgery.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors for PTSD.Results:A total of 312 patients were enrolled, and the incidence of PTSD at 1 month after surgery was 19.9%.There were significant differences in preoperative VAS score, ratio of gender, intraoperative use of propofol, intraoperative use of dexmedetomidine, and postoperative ICU transfer rate between PTSD group and non-PTSD group ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that intraoperative use of propofol, preoperative high VAS score and postoperative admission to ICU were independent risk factors for PTSD, and intraoperative use of dexmedetomidine was a protective factor for the prevention of PTSD ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Intraoperative use of propofol, preoperative high VAS score and postoperative transfer to ICU are independent risk factors for postoperative PTSD in the patients with emergency trauma, and intraoperative use of dexmedetomidine is a protective factor for the prevention of PTSD.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 903-906, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934527

ABSTRACT

The in-depth advancement of the new era reforms such as new urbanization and rural revitalization strategies has transformed the characteristics and resource structure of rural villages. The traditional village health resources allocation models based on administrative divisions needed to evolve and achieve fair allocation and higher efficiency, and better meet the needs of rural primary health services. The authors sorted out the current status of village health resources allocation models. Based on such concepts as regional integration, and such key elements as demographics, population, health needs and information technology, the authors proposed the village-level health resources allocation model and selection strategy, under the three regional integration theories of township-village integration, village-area integration, and village leadership assistance. Their efforts aim at providing new perspectives for better protection and promotion of health of rural residents.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3020-3030, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921403

ABSTRACT

P1B-ATPases are a group of proteins that can transport heavy metal ions across membranes by hydrolyzing ATP and they are a subclass of the P-type ATPase family. It was found that P1B-ATPases are mainly responsible for the active transport of heavy metal ions in plants and play an important role in the regulation of heavy metal homeostasis in plants. In this paper, we dissusses the mechanism of P1B-ATPases from the structure and classification of P1B-ATPases, and review the current research progress in the function of P1B-ATPases, in order to provide reference for future research and application of P1B-ATPases in improving crop quality and ecological environment management.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism , Biological Transport , Metals, Heavy , Plants/enzymology
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1162-1166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in CT imaging features of head and neck mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC) from different origins and different histological grades.Methods:Clinical and CT imaging findings of 53 patients with pathologically proved MEC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University admitted from January 2009 to May 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. On the basis of origins, all MECs were divided into 2 groups: large salivary gland group (23 cases) and small salivary gland group (30 cases). All MECs were further divided into 3 groups based on histological grades: highly differentiated (19 cases), moderately differentiated (28 cases) and poorly differentiated (6 cases). The CT imaging features of MEC from different origins and different histological grades (including location, number, size, morphology, boundary, density, calcification, cystic cavity, necrosis, bone changes, flat CT scan value, arterial phase CT enhancement value-added, venous phase CT enhancement value-added, enhancement method, adjacent structure invasion, cervical lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis) were analyzed and compared using t test, χ 2 test, Fisher exact probability or rank-sum test. Results:Comparisons of characteristics between different origins: only lesion size, morphology, bone changes, and plain CT values ( P<0.05) was significantly between different origin groups. There was no significant difference of residual image features ( P>0.05). Compared with MECs derived from large salivary glands, the small salivary gland group had larger MEC lesions, irregular shapes and was prone to have bone changes (including expansion and destruction). In addition, the plain scan CT value of MEC from the large salivary glands was slightly lower than that of the small salivary glands MEC (all P<0.05). Comparison of characteristics among different histological grade groups: only cystic cavity was statistically different (χ2=8.045, P=0.015). Compared with poorly differentiated MEC, highly differentiated MEC was more prone to have cysts (χ2=7.707, P=0.012). Conclusion:There are some differences in CT findings of head and neck MEC from different origins. The cystic cavity has reference value for evaluating histological grade.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1195-1198, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864194

ABSTRACT

Wolfram syndrome(WS) is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease characterized by diabetes insipidus, onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing loss.The syndrome is mainly caused by mutations in the WFS1 gene, and another causative gene, CISD2 gene is responsible for Wolfram syndrome 2 with different phenotypes.The prognosis of WS is poor, 60% of patients die before the age of 35 years old.Currently, there are no effective treatments to delay or reverse the progression of WS, standardized clinical monitoring and supportive care can help alleviate the debilitating symptoms of patients and improve their quality of life.This article reviews the pathogenesis, clinical feature, diagnosis and new treatments of WS.

16.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 131-134, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821216

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and triglycerides (TG) with changes in cerebral hemodynamic index (CVHI) and the risk of stroke. Methods From March 2018 to March 2019, a total of 500 medical examinees were selected from the civil servants who underwent a physical examination in the physical examination department of our hospital. According to the TG level, the subjects were divided into two groups: HTG group (208 cases) and normal group (292 cases). According to WHtR value, the subjects were divided into an abnormal group (216 cases) and a normal group (284 cases). According to the test results, CVHI and other information the stroke risk was analyzed among the 4 groups. Results The right Vmax and bilateral Qmean, Vmean, Vmin, and Dp in the HTG group were significantly lower than those in the normal group (P<0.05), while the bilateral Wv, Zcv, Rv, DR, and Cp were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). The parameters of bilateral Vmax, Qmean, Vmean, Vmin, and Dp in the abnormal group were significantly lower than those in the normal group (P<0.05), while the bilateral Wv, Zcv, Rv, DR, and Cp were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). The CVHI scores of the HTG group and the abnormal group were lower than those of the normal group (P<0.05), and the FSP scores were higher than those of the normal group (P<0.05). The proportion of high-risk strokes with CVHI<75 and FSP score ≥10 in the HTG group were both higher than that in the normal group (P<0.05). There were 4 predictors including HTG, WHtR, CVHI score, and FSP score. There was a statistically significant difference in the etiology of stroke between CVHI and FSP (P<0.05). The risk of stroke in patients with abnormal WHtR increased by 2.746 times, and the relative risk of stroke in patients with CVHI<75 increased by 3.298 times. Conclusion WHtR abnormality and CVHI<75 were two independent predictors of stroke risk. HTG may increase the risk of stroke by affecting cerebral hemodynamic indicators.

17.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 981-985, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of IL-22 on the expression of Amphiregulin (AREG) in HaCaT and further understand its role in psoriasis vulgaris (PsV). Methods: The mRNA expressions of IL-22, IL-22R1, IL-22BP and AREG were detected by RT-qPCR in PsV lesions (n=26) and healthy control (HC) skin specimens (n=15). RT-qPCR and Western blot were applied to detect the expression of AREG in HaCaT cells stimulated with IL-22 (20 ng/mL) and its soluble receptor IL-22BP (20 ng/mL) for 24 h. Results: The mRNA expressions of IL-22 (P<0.001), IL-22R1 (P<0.001) and AREG (P<0.01) were significantly increased respectively by 36 times, 24 times and 15 times in PsV compared with those in HC. In addition, there were positive correlations between the mRNA levels of AREG and IL-22 (r=0.49, P<0.05). IL-22 could upregulate the mRNA level of AREG by 22 times and protein expression by 6 times in HaCaT cells (P<0.01). IL-22BP could inhibit the effect of IL-22 (P<0.05). Conclusion: IL-22 may regulate positively amphiregulin expression of keratinocytes involved in psoriasis, and IL-22BP may inhibit this role as a blocker in treating psoriasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 946-951, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801045

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of CT wavelet texture analysis based on primary tumor of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in predicting central lymph node metastasis (CLNM).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed to 250 patients (307 nodules) who pathologically confirm with PTC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from December 2013 to August 2019. Thyroid dual phase scanning was performed in all patients within two weeks before surgery. All patients underwent central or total cervical lymph node dissection, among which 160 cases (189 nodules) were classified as training sets, while 90 cases (118 nodules) were in the verification sets. Besides, all patients were divided into CLNM group and no CLNM group according to pathology. The DeepWise software were used to manually delineate PTC primary nodules on venous phase CT images, and 576 wavelet texture features were extracted. The differences of texture feature parameters between the two groups were compared. The top 10 wavelet texture features of the area under curve (AUC) value were manually selected as the best parameters. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to establish and verify the model, the optimal cutoff value was found by using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.@*Results@#Totally 124 features were statistical difference between the two groups. The top 10 characteristic parameters for manual diagnosis with AUC values ranged from 0.599 to 0.630 (P<0.05), multi-collinearity test and multi-logstic regression analysis showed that there was no collinear correlation between the above 10 features, and small-area low-gray emphasis was an independent predictor of risk factors. The AUC value, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the predictive model for the diagnosis of CLNM in the training set were 0.693, 62.84%, 60.47%, 62.96% and validation set were 0.602, 64.95%, 33.33%, and 59.32%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Wavelet texture analysis in CT venous phase may allow detection of CLNM of PTC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 685-690, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754965

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of morphology and quantitative parameters for evaluation of lymph node metastatic (LNM) potential in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) with dual?energy CT iodine image. Methods The ninety?five PTMC patients (59 patients with LNM, 36 patients without LNM in the neck) whom underwent dual?energy contrast scanning and confirmed by first postoperative pathology results were enrolled in this retrospective study from July 2014 to December 2016. Dual?energy iodine images were obtained by the dual?energy post?processing software. The iodine image morphology of each patient was analyzed, including size, number, aspect ratio, shape, uncompleted enhanced ring sign, nodule which breaks through the thyroid capsule, microcalcification, and enhanced?degree, and diagnostic efficiency of each imaging feature was calculated. The iodine concentration (IC) and CT value of PTMC solid parts were measured in arterial phase and venous phase images respectively, as well as the NICnod (normalized iodine concentration) and normalized CT value. The independent sample t test was performed to compare quantitative parameters between the LNM group and non?LNM group. ROC curves with quantitative parameters of two phases were used to analyze the diagnostic efficiencies of NIC and normalized CT value. Results Statistically, in the iodine image, the imaging features of LNM group, including multiple lesions, maximum diameter of nodules, aspect ratio, irregular shape, uncompleted enhanced ring sign, and nodule which breaks through the thyroid capsule, had significant differences compared with those of non?LNM group in the neck (χ2 were 14.965,8.724,11.494,8.097,6.324,23.272;P all<0.05), and there were positive correlations with LNM potential (r were 0.397,0.303,0.348,0.309,0.258, 0.495;P all<0.05), the diagnostic efficiency of nodule which breaks through the thyroid capsule was the highest among the imaging features for diagnosis of cervical LNM (sensitivity 77.9%, specificity 72.2%, accuracy 75.8%). During the artery phase, mean NICROI and normalized CT value of non?LNM group were respectively 0.29±0.10,0.33±0.11,and these of LNM group were respectively 0.45±0.15,0.44±0.13.NICROI and normalized CT value of non?LNM group were less than LNM group′s (t=-4.891,-3.462;P all<0.001). During the venous phase, NICROI and normalized CT value of LNM group were higher than non?LNM group′s (t=-3.381,-2.18;P all<0.05). Among all quantitative parameters, the NIC of arterial phase has the highest diagnostic efficacy for the diagnosis of cervical LNM. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was the largest, 0.814, the sensitivity was 73.5%, the specificity was 79.2%, and the diagnostic threshold was 0.208. Conclusion Dual?energy CT iodine image morphology and quantitative parameters have important clinical value for evaluation of cervical lymph node metastatic potential in PTMC.

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Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 475-477, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754606

ABSTRACT

Objective Via the analysis of clinical effect of combined traditional Chinese and western medicine in treating severe heatstroke (HS), to explore the rescue therapeutic measures of combined Chinese and western medicine for HS. Methods A case of HS patient admitted to the Department of Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU) of Shuguang Hosipital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was treated with the combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine. The physical hypothermia with ice-blanket and ice-cap and supportive therapy were immediately given to the patient after admission; then the TCM prescription Siwei Xiangru decoction plus or minus was additionally given; the ingredients of the decoction were as follows: elsholtziae 9 g, white lentil coat 15 g, poria cocos 20 g, rhizome atractylodis 15 g, tangerine peel 6 g, processed pinellia ternate 9 g, codonopsis 10 g, licorice 3 g, 1 dose, 2 times per day. The changes of HS patient's laboratory indexes, symptoms and signs were observed. Results After the combined treatment with traditional Chinese and western medicine, the respiratory rate of the patient was improved significantly, and the oxygenation was maintained at 0.99-1.00, no symptoms of fever, cough, sputum were seen. On the fourth day after treatment, the patient was transferred to local hospital, on the day of discharge, the patient had no fever or shortness of breath, urine volume and color were normal, and vital signs stable. Conclusions Effective continuous and controlled cooling is not only the main treatment measure in modern western medicine but also in TCM. Meanwhile, because 'heat must carry moisture, and heat often damage body fluid', it is necessary to observe the patient's dynamic changes of heat and damp evil. When clearing summer heat and damp evil, simultaneously, the measures of strengthening spleen and stomach, enhancing qi and nourishing fluid to prevent further consumption of the body fluid should be paid attention to.

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