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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 128-133, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016539

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the levels of serum antibodies against novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in healthcare workers after one month of natural infection, to explore the influencing factors and their correlations with the levels of antibodies, and to provide reference for strengthening the protection of healthcare workers and preventive intervention in Pudong New Area in Shanghai. MethodsVenous blood samples were collected from 1 102 medical staff in Pudong hospitals one month after infection. The serum levels of new coronavirus specific antibodies IgM, IgG and neutralizing antibodies were detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The information of gender, age, position, infection severity, vaccination, basic diseases and use of immunosuppressants were obtained by questionnaire to explore the influencing factors and their correlation with the antibody level. ResultsOne month after natural infection, 99.00% (1 091/1 102) of the subjects were found to be positive for IgG antibody against the new coronavirus, 17.79% (196/1 102) of the subjects were IgM antibody positive, and 99.00% (1 091/1 102) of the samples were positive for the neutralizing antibody. The level of antibody might be influenced by the severity of infection, the time of the last dose of vaccination, and the long-term use of immunosuppressants. The more severe the disease, the stronger the neutralizing antibody response. The antibody level in the people who received the final dose of vaccine within 6 months was higher than that of the people who received the vaccine 6 months ago, and the difference was statistically significant. The antibody levels were low in the subjects who received long-term immunosuppressants. ConclusionThe specific IgM, IgG and neutralizing antibody were found, one month after infection, in the medical workers in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, and the antibody titers were high, which had a good protective effect. The antibody level of the people who were vaccinated within 6 months was higher, it is recommended that people who receive the last vacination more than 6 months should be re-vaccinated with the booster vaccine, to improve the autoimmunity against the novel coronavirus.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 21-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016405

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the viral spectrum of inpatients with acute respiratory infection in Pudong New Area, and to explore the composition of pathogens in hospitalized children and adults. Methods Samples of acute respiratory infection cases from 10 medical institutions were collected from 2011 to 2020 and tested for human influenza virus, human adenovirus, rhinovirus, human parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, human coronavirus, human metapneumovirus and human boca virus. Results A total of 3 145 inpatients were monitored, with a median age of 61 years. The positive rate of any virus was 32.43% (1 020/3 145), and the single virus infection accounted for 85.98% (877/1 020). In single virus infection, the positive rate of human influenza virus was the highest (9.67%, 304/3 145), with influenza A (80.26%, 244/304) as the main virus. The second was rhinovirus (3.97%, 125/3 145). The positive rate of any virus in different age groups was statistically significant (χ2=103.38,P2=123.06,P2=90.37,P<0.001). Conclusion The positive rate of virus in hospitalized patients with acute respiratory infection is relatively high in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, with human influenza virus being the main virus. The virus spectrum of hospitalized children and adults is inconsistent. In the future, in-depth research should be strengthened, focusing on the distribution of pathogens in different populations and seasonal prevention and treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 96-100, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012778

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effects of ionizing radiation on blood pressure and electrocardiography among healthcare workers in department of cardiovascular diseases, and to provide a reference for formulating the protective interventions against radiation exposure. Methods A total of 127 healthcare workers with radiation exposure in the Department of Cardiovascular Diseases of The 904th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force of the PLA from 2018 to 2022 were included in the observation group. Meanwhile, 127 age- and gender-matched healthcare workers without radiation exposure in the same department during the same study period were included in the control group. The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and the detection rates of hypertension and abnormal electrocardiography were compared between groups. Results There were no significant differences between groups in mean age (t = 0.77, P > 0.05), sex (χ2 = 0.02, P > 0.05), prevalence of smoking (χ2 = 0.28, P > 0.05), and alcohol consumption (χ2 = 0.02, P > 0.05). There were significant differences between the observation and control groups in systolic blood pressure [(127.77 ± 15.43) mmHg vs. (111.23 ± 19.10) mmHg; t = 4.21, P < 0.05], diastolic blood pressure [(79.32 ± 8.23) mmHg vs. (69.91 ± 10.21) mmHg; t = 4.09, P < 0.05], prevalence of hypertension [17.32% (22/127) vs. 8.66% (11/127); χ2 = 4.21, P < 0.05], heart rate [(81.10 ± 11.27) beats/min vs. (70.45 ± 10.55) beats/min; t = 4.33, P < 0.05], and abnormal rate of electrocardiography [21.26% (27/127) vs. 10.24% (13/127); χ2 = 5.82, P < 0.05]. Conclusion Ionizing radiation affects blood pressure and electrocardiography among healthcare workers in department of cardiovascular diseases. The prevention and monitoring of radiation exposure and occupational physical examination should be improved among healthcare workers with exposure to radiation in the department of cardiovascular diseases, with aims to reduce the hazard of radiation exposure and protect the health of healthcare workers.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 397-402, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011390

ABSTRACT

The complement system is a protein response system with a precise regulatory mechanism, which has the functions of mediating inflammation, regulating immune response, dissolving cells and clearing immune complexes. Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is a common and severe ocular complication of diabetes and one of the common irreversible blinding eye diseases in ophthalmology, and its pathogenesis is complex, including hypoxia, oxidative stress, inflammation and abnormal polyol metabolism pathway. In recent years, there has been more and more evidence that dysregulation and inflammation of immune system are important factors in the pathogenesis of DR, and a variety of complement proteins play an important role in key processes such as inflammation regulation and angiogenesis. Therefore, the central purpose of this review is to discuss the role of the complement system and related regulatory proteins in DR, with the aim of elucidating the close relationship between the complement proteins and the occurrence and development of DR, and providing important references and new ideas for the prevention and treatment of DR. At the same time, the clinical research of complement system-targeted drugs is further elaborated.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2103-2115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981342

ABSTRACT

As a large family of transcription factors, the MYB family plays a vital role in regulating flower development. We studied the MYB family members in Lonicera macranthoides for the first time and identified three sequences of 1R-MYB, 47 sequences of R2R3-MYB, two sequences of 3R-MYB, and one sequence of 4R-MYB from the transcriptome data. Further, their physicochemical properties, conserved domains, phylogenetic relationship, protein structure, functional information, and expression were analyzed. The results show that the 53 MYB transcription factors had different conserved motifs, physicochemical properties, structures, and functions in wild type and 'Xianglei' cultivar of L. macranthoides, indicating their conservation and diversity in evolution. The transcript level of LmMYB was significantly different between the wild type and 'Xianglei' cultivar as well as between flowers and leaves, and some genes were specifically expressed. Forty-three out of 53 LmMYB sequences were expressed in both flowers and leaves, and 9 of the LmMYB members showed significantly different transcript levels between the wild type and 'Xianglei' cultivar, which were up-regulated in the wild type. The results provide a theoretical basis for further studying the specific functional mechanism of the MYB family.


Subject(s)
Transcription Factors/metabolism , Lonicera/metabolism , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1937-1948, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980973

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer prevails and induces high mortality around the world. This study provided real-world information on the evolution of clinicopathological profiles and survival outcomes of lung cancer, and provided survival information within stage I subtypes.@*METHODS@#Patients pathologically confirmed with lung cancer between January 2009 and December 2018 were identified with complete clinicopathological information, molecular testing results, and follow-up data. Shifts in clinical characteristics were evaluated using χ2 tests. Overall survival (OS) was calculated through the Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 26,226 eligible lung cancer patients were included, among whom 62.55% were male and 52.89% were smokers. Non-smokers and elderly patients took increasingly larger proportions in the whole patient population. The proportion of adenocarcinoma increased from 51.63% to 71.80%, while that of squamous carcinoma decreased from 28.43% to 17.60%. Gene mutations including EGFR (52.14%), KRAS (12.14%), and ALK (8.12%) were observed. Female, younger, non-smoking, adenocarcinoma patients and those with mutated EGFR had better survival prognoses. Importantly, this study validated that early detection of early-stage lung cancer patients had contributed to pronounced survival benefits during the decade. Patients with stage I lung cancer, accounted for an increasingly considerable proportion, increasing from 15.28% to 40.25%, coinciding with the surgery rate increasing from 38.14% to 54.25%. Overall, period survival analyses found that 42.69% of patients survived 5 years, and stage I patients had a 5-year OS of 84.20%. Compared with that in 2009-2013, the prognosis of stage I patients in 2014-2018 was dramatically better, with 5-year OS increasing from 73.26% to 87.68%. Regarding the specific survival benefits among stage I patients, the 5-year survival rates were 95.28%, 93.25%, 82.08%, and 74.50% for stage IA1, IA2, IA3, and IB, respectively, far more promising than previous reports.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Crucial clinical and pathological changes have been observed in the past decade. Notably, the increased incidence of stage I lung cancer coincided with an improved prognosis, indicating actual benefits of early detection and management of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Mutation , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1532-1538, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have revealed that the number of cancer survivors developing a second primary malignancy is increasing, especially among thyroid cancer patients, and lung cancer is still the main cause of cancer death. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the risk of second primary lung cancer (SPLC) in patients with thyroid cancer.@*METHODS@#We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus databases up to November 24, 2021, for relevant research and merged the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) to evaluate the risk of developing SPLC in patients with thyroid cancer.@*RESULTS@#Fourteen studies involving 1,480,816 cases were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled result demonstrated that thyroid cancer patients may have a higher risk of SPLC than the general population (SIR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.07-1.36, P  < 0.01, I2  = 81%, P  < 0.01). Subgroup analysis stratified by sex indicated that female patients may have a markedly higher risk of SPLC than male patients (SIR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.40-1.94, P  < 0.01, I2  = 75%, P  < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thyroid cancer patients are more likely to develop SPLC than the general population, especially women. However, other risk factors must be investigated, and more prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.@*REGISTRATION@#International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: No. CRD42021285399.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neoplasms, Second Primary/pathology , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Incidence
8.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 773-778, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997028

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo characterize a cluster epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)on campus in Baotou city and provide evidence for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in universities. MethodsField epidemiological investigation was conducted to determine the confirmed cases and close contacts in the cluster epidemic of COVID-19 in a university of western China in 2022. Descriptive analysis was utilized to illustrate the epidemic timeline and schematic diagram. Real-time quantitative fluorescent PCR(RT-PCR) was used to detect the nucleic acid of SARS-CoV-2 in the collected samples. ResultsA total of eight students were infected in the cluster epidemic on campus, including 2 confirmed cases and 6 asymptomatic cases. Case A1 infected other 7 students in the same dormitory or on the same floor by close contact. After a 10-day quarantine and medical observation, no further case was reported. The overall incidence rate was 1.22% and the incidence rate among close contacts was 2.24%. ConclusionThis cluster epidemic of COVID-19 is characterized by strong and fast transmission. Repeated contact with no personal protection in confined space is highly vulnerable to cluster epidemic. Prevention of cluster epidemics on campus remains crucial to contain the epidemic. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the management of campus containment, interrupt the transmission route, identify close contacts and implement quarantine management as early as possible to avoid the cluster epidemics on campus.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1826-1830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996892

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy that affects the retinal ganglion cells, characterized by optic disc atrophy, visual field defects, and visual acuity loss. Since glaucoma is a chronic disease, long-term use of topical intraocular pressure-lowering medications often leads to ocular surface diseases, thus reducing medication adherence and ultimately affecting treatment efficacy. Currently, topical intraocular pressure-lowering medications include prostaglandin derivatives, β-adrenergic blockers, α-adrenergic agonists, topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and cholinergic drugs. This article provides a comprehensive review of the effects and related mechanisms of these five antiglaucoma medications on the ocular surface of glaucoma patients and offers preventative measures for the protection of ocular surface in glaucoma patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 292-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) complicated with optic neuritis (ON).Methods:The clinical data of a patient with GBS complicated with ON, who admitted to the Department of Neurology, the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University in December 2021, were collected, including demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms and signs, laboratory and electrophysiological data, and results of fundus color films. The patients with GBS complicated with ON reported in the literature were also reviewed.Results:A 40-year-old female patient with GBS was diagnosed by the results of electromyography and cerebrospinal fluid tests combining with the history and signs, who was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin on the 3rd day after onset. On the 8th day, her muscle strength improved significantly. However, on the 12th day, the visual field darkened, and on the 19th day, the vision decreased significantly (oculus dexter visual acuity 0.2, oculus sinister visual acuity 0.1 +1) with bilateral papilloedema, a relative afferent pupillary defect and delayed P100 response of the visual evoked potential. Obvious abnormality was not noted in optic nerve magnetic resonance imaging. Thus ON was diagnosed and treated with pulse methylprednisolone therapy. After 8 days of treatment, the visual acuity was completely recovered and there was no abnormality in the ocular fundus. A total of 28 cases of GBS complicated with ON (including the present patient) were reported in the literature. The age of onset was mostly 20-60 years, and there was no gender preference. Mycoplasma pneumoniae was the most common premorbid pathogen and was identified in 7 of the 10 cases in which the causative agent was described. ON usually involved both sides, and 21 of 28 patients had bilateral optic nerves involved. GBS preceded ON or both occurred simultaneously in the majority of patients; GBS preceded ON in 14 of 28 patients, and both occurred simultaneously in 10 of 28 patients. All patients responded well to immunotherapy, and vision was completely recovered in 20 patients. Conclusions:GBS complicated with ON is rare. Attention should be paid to the loss of vision in patients with GBS. Relevant examinations should be completed as soon as possible and immunotherapy should be given.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 645-649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact of group-based rehabilitation exercise on motor and non-movement symptoms of Parkinson's disease(PD).Methods:A total of 88 patients from out-patient and in-patient services at our hospital were randomly assigned to an early exercise group(E-EG), a late exercise group(L-EG), and a control group(CG)using a randomized delayed-start design.Patients in the E-EG carried out a rigorous, formal group exercise program, one hour per session, twice per week, for 18 months(May 2018-November 2019). Patients in the L-EG took part in the exercise program in the final 6-12 months of the study.We assessed outcomes using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale(UPDRS), Parkinson's disease questionnaire-39(PDQ-39 Q), trail-making test part A & B, nine-hole peg test(9-HPT), 30 second sit to stand test(30s SST), 10 m walk test(10 m W), mini-balance evaluation systems test(Mini-BEST), Fullerton Advanced Balance(FAB)Scale and time up and go(TUG)test.Results:Compared with pre-exercise levels, patients with PD in the E-EG had lower performance in UPDRS(17.5±8.3 vs.20.0±8.6, t=-2.2, P=0.02)and lower performance in PDQ-39(27.2±2.1 vs.29.0±9.8, t=-2.6, P=0.001)after exercise.Moreover, compared with pre-exercise levels, patients with PD in the E-EG showed decreased post-exercise performance in trail-making test part B(114.2±25.5 vs.129.8±28.4, t=-2.3, P=0.02)and in 9-HPT(33.7±7.3 vs.39.6±9.3, t=-2.6, P=0.001). Conclusions:The practice of group-based rehabilitation exercise can improve movement abilities and quality of life in PD patients, especially if implemented early.Targeted rehabilitation exercise should be taken as part of the treatment strategy for PD patients as early as possible to deliver the best benefits.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 33-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the results of national surveillance on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial isolates from bloodstream infections in China in 2021.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2021 to December 2021. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 11 013 bacterial strains were collected from 51 hospitals, of which 2 782 (25.3%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 8 231 (74.7%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.9%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.8%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (6.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.6%), Enterococcus faecium (3.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.7%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.5%) and Klebsiella spp (2.1%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 25.3% and 76.8%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci was detected; more than 95.0% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to ceftobiprole. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. The rates of extended spectrum B-lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolated in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 49.6%, 25.5% and 39.0%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.2% and 15.8%, respectively; 7.9% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. Ceftobiprole demonstrated excellent activity against non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Aztreonam/avibactam was highly active against carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5% and 4.5%). The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 18.9%. Conclusions:The BRICS surveillance results in 2021 shows that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are gram-negative bacteria, in which Escherichia coli is the most common. The MRSA incidence shows a further decreasing trend in China and the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci is low. The prevalence of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is still on a high level, but the trend is downwards.

13.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 47-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the size changes under ultrasound of 4C type thyroid micronodules classified by 2020 Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS)during follow-up.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, the data of thyroid ultrasonography in physical examination center in the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University between December 2017 and December 2021 were retrospectively included, thyroid nodules were classified according to C-TIRADS, to observe the changes by ultrasound of maximum diameter and volume of 4C type thyroid micronodules during follow-up.Results:A total of 102 subjects receiving physical examinations with 103 thyroid micronodules were enrolled in this study. The maximum diameter and volume of thyroid micronodules at initial examination was 5.0 (4.0, 7.0) mm and 52.5 (25.2, 113.4) mm 3 respectively, and it was 6.0 (4.0,7.0) mm、65.6 (25.2,147.0) mm 3 at the last examination, respectively. Of the thyroid micronodules, 79 (76.7%) remained stable, 14 (13.6%) magnified and 10 (9.7%) shrunk during the follow-up. The cervical lymph nodes in all physical examiners were normal. There were significant changes in the maximum diameter and volume in the thyroid micronodules between the initial and last examination in subjects whose micronodules shrunk or magnified during the follow-up (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Size of most C-TIRADS 4C thyroid micronodules remains stable or even decreases during ultrasound follow-up observation, for such thyroid nodules, follow-up observation appears to be a safe and feasible way to postpone surgery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 665-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of the improved team-based learning (TBL) teaching method in the undergraduate probation course of ophthalmology based on the goal of cultivating excellent doctors.Methods:The undergraduates of clinical medicine were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The control group ( n=50) was given conventional ophthalmology probation teaching, while the experimental group ( n=50) was given ophthalmology probation teaching of improved TBL teaching method. The theoretical examination performance and skill assessment results of students in the two groups were compared, and the subjective evaluation of the students on the teaching was also compared. SPSS 23.0 was used to conduct t-test and Wilcoxon's rank sum test. Results:The theoretical examination performance of experimental group (29.68±4.52) was better than that of control group (27.84±4.33), with significant differences ( P<0.05); the skill assessment results of experimental group (32.88±5.05) were also better than those of the control group (30.88±6.99), with significant differences ( P<0.05); the subjective evaluation of teaching effect in each item of experimental group was better than that of control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The improved TBL teaching method can not only improve students' theoretical knowledge and experimental skills, but also improve students' self-study and teamwork ability, which will provide a feasible educational reform plan for achieving the goal of cultivating excellent doctors.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 66-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of case-based learning (CBL) combined with mind mapping on pathophysiology teaching.Methods:Totally 124 undergraduate students from Batch 2017 of Yanjing Medical College of Capital Medical University were selected as research subjects, and they were divided into experimental group ( n=60) and control group ( n=64). The traditional teaching method was used in the control group, while the experimental group adopted CBL combined with mind mapping teaching method. At the end of the course, the teaching effectiveness was evaluated by the usual grades from Mosoteach online teaching platform and test performances. SPSS 17.0 was used to perform Wilcoxon rank sum test and the Welch's correction t test. Results:The initiative of students in the experimental group was significantly improved than that in the control group ( P<0.001), and the understanding ability was also better in the experimental group than the control group ( P=0.020). The average theoretical scores of the experimental group were significantly better than those of the control group ( P=0.036), with the main manifestations that the scores of objective questions were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.001), and the scores of short answer and discussion questions were higher than those of the control group ( P=0.006). There was no significant difference in noun interpretation scores between the two groups ( P=0.302). Conclusion:The CBL combined with mind mapping can significantly improve the teaching quality of pathophysiology.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 110-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 12 (NLRP12) knockdown on inflammatory factor levels and retinal injury in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of rats with high intraocular pressure.Methods:Seventy SPF adult male SD rats were selected and randomized into control group, high intraocular pressure (IOP) group, high IOP+ small interfering RNA negative control (siNC) group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ recombinant rat caspase-1 (rrcaspase-1) group, with 14 rats in each group.Rats in the control group were only treated with conjunctival incision in the right eye, and ocular hypertension model was established in the other four groups with external scleral vein cauterization.High IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were injected with siNC, siNLRP12 and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 reagent via the tail vein, respectively.The IOP of the right eye was measured at 1 day, 1, 2 and 3 weeks after the operation.Three weeks after the operation, the retinal structure was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the number of RGCs in each group was counted.RGCs were divided into control group, rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group, siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group.The cells in rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were treated with rrcaspase-1, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 reagent for 24 hours, respectively.No treatment was given to the control group.The expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins in RGCs and retinal tissue were detected by Western blot.The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in rat serum or cell culture supernatant were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The study protocol was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the First People's Hospital of Chenzhou (No.2020086).Results:Compared with control group, the IOP was higher in high IOP group at 1, 2 and 3 weeks after cauterization, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The retinal tissue was clear with the RGCs in a single layer arrangement in the control group.In the high IOP group and the high IOP+ siNC group, the RGCs layer was loose and the inner plexiform layer was thin.The inner plexiform layer was thickened in high IOP+ siNLRP12 group compared with high IOP group, and the RGCs layer was loose in the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and the high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group.The number of RGCs in control group, high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group was 119.31±23.25, 89.19±16.98, 88.87±13.92, 109.33±10.25 and 92.89±12.58, respectively, showing a statistically significant overall difference ( F=201.932, P<0.001). The number of RGCs was lower in the high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than the control group, higher in the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group than the high IOP+ siNC group, and lower in the high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than the high IOP+ siNLRP12 group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The relative expressions of caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins and the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in the retinal tissue were higher in high IOP group, high IOP+ siNC group, high IOP+ siNLRP12 group and high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than control group, higher in high IOP+ siNLRP12 group than high IOP+ siNC group, and higher in high IOP+ siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group than high IOP+ siNLRP12 group (all at P<0.05). Relative expression levels of caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 protein were increased in rrcaspase-1 group and siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with control group, and relative expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 protein were decreased in siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with control group (all at P<0.05). The relative mass concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β were increased in rrcaspase-1 group, siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group and siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group compared with the control group (all at P<0.05). Relative expression levels of NLRP12, caspase-1 and cleaved-caspase-1 proteins and relative mass concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β in siNLRP12+ rrcaspase-1 group were lower than those in siNC+ rrcaspase-1 group (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:Knockdown of NLRP12 can reduce the inflammatory response and retinal injury induced by high IOP by inhibiting the activation of caspase-1.

17.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 269-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016020

ABSTRACT

Background: Hemangioma is a vasogenic benign tumor commonly seen in the head and neck. However, it is rare in gastrointestinal tract and can cause symptoms such as gastrointestinal bleeding and abdominal pain, and it also can be life-threatening in severe cases. Aims: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of gastrointestinal hemangioma, and to provide appropriate therapy for the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal hemangioma. Methods: The patients with gastrointestinal hemangioma from August 2011 to October 2021 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were collected, and the clinical data, examination results, treatment and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 51 patients with gastrointestinal hemangioma were included, the ratio of male to female was 1.43:1, and the average age was (46.2±19.2) years old. Single gastrointestinal hemangioma was found in 45 patients (88.24%), and 18 lesions (35.29%) were in the esophagus, followed by the stomach (15.69%), small intestine (15.69%), colon (11.76%), and rectum (9.80%). The majority of patients were asymptomatic (50.98%), while 15 patients (29.41%) were presented by gastrointestinal bleeding. Thirty-two patients (62.75%) underwent endoscopic treatment, including 25 patients underwent endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), 6 patients underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), and 1 patient underwent endoscopic ligation. Nineteen patients (37.25%) underwent surgical surgery, including 5 patients underwent transrectal lesion resection, 1 patient underwent small intestinal lesion resection and 13 patients underwent resection of digestive tract. All patients recovered well after surgery. The average follow-up period was (61±32) months. One patient relapsed 1 year after surgery, 4 patients died of other diseases, and the remaining patients did not occur tumor recurrence, and 5 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal hemangioma is rare and has no specific clinical symptoms. Endoscopy is important for its diagnosis, and endoscopic therapy is safe and effective for patients with indications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1168-1176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014602

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the research on the anti-tumor effect of traditional Chinese medicine has been increasing year by year. Both the effective extracted ingredients of Chinese medicine and its compound preparations have significant efficacy and advantages in tumor treatment. Costunolide, the active ingredient of Aucklandia lappa (a traditional Chinese medicine), is a natural sesquiterpene lactone, which has a variety of pharmacological effects, such as anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, hypoglycemic effect, anti-microbial effect etc. In recent years, more and more experimental studies in vivo and in vitro have shown that this component has anti-tumor activity, which can inhibit the growth of breast cancer, gastric cancer, melanoma cancer, prostate cancer, leukemia, liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, esophageal cancer, colorectal cancer, osteosarcoma and other tumors. Its antitumor mechanism mainly lies in the regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR, AKT-MDM 2-p53, ROS-AKT/GSK-3β, Bcr / Abl, Stat5 and other signaling pathways, which affects reactive oxygen species, apoptosis-related proteins, autophagy-related proteins, and cyclin, and thus induces apoptosis, causes autophagy and arrests cell cycle in G2 / M phase, G1 phase, and S phase. In addition, the combination of costunolide with imatinib and doxorubicin can attenuate toxicity and enhance anti-tumor effect, and also reverse tumor drug resistance. By consulting and sorting out the relevant research literature at home and abroad, the author summarized the research progress of costunolide on the antitumor effect and mechanism, the combined drug use and the reversal of tumor drug resistance in order to provide theoretical basis for the development and utilization of new drugs of this ingredient.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 153-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013892

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the anti-inflammatory activ¬ity of diterpenes from Tripterygium wilfordii on lipopo- lysaccharide ( LPS)-induced macrophage and its mech¬anism. Methods MTT assay was used to detect the cytotoxicity of compounds. The Griess method was used to detect the NO on LPS-induced RAW264. 7 cells. ELISA was applied to determine the contents of inter- leukin 6 (IL-6) , tumor necrosis factor a ( TNF-a ) , interleukin lp (IL-lfj) and interleukin 18 (IL-18) in cell culture supernatant. Western blot was used to de¬tect IkBcx, .INK, ERK, p38, STAT3 and their phos-phorylation in LPS-induced RAW264.7, as well as the effect on COX-2, iNOS, NLRP3, caspase-1 , cleaved- caspase-1. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the effects of compounds on the phagocytosis of RAW 264. 7 cells. Results Hypoglicin II (1) and ent-pimara-8 (14) , 15-diene-19-ol (6) , two diterpenoid compounds from Tripterygium wilfordii could effectively inhibit the expression of inflammatory mediators ( COX-2 and iN- OS) and inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-lp, IL- 18) in LPS-induced RAW264. 7 cells. Further re¬search found that the phosphorylation of IkBcx , JNK, ERK, P38, STAT3 and NLRP3 was all inhibited; however, there was no significant effect on the expres¬sion of IkBcx, JNK, ERK, P38 and STAT3. At the same time, they also inhibited the phagocytosis of mac-rophages. Conclusions The anti-inflammatory mecha¬nism of Tripterygium wilfordii diterpenoids 1 and 6 might be through inhibiting the production of NLRP3 inflammatory bodies, inflammatory mediators (COX-2 and iNOS) and inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-lp and IL-18) , which is closely related to inhibiting the activation of MAPK, NF-kB and STAT3 pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 755-765, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012284

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the concordance and causes of different mismatch repair (MMR) and microsatellite instability (MSI) detection results in endometrial carcinoma (EC) molecular typing. Methods: A total of 214 EC patients diagnosed from January 2021 to April 2023 were selected at the Department of Pathology, Peking University Third Hospital. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) results of MMR protein were reviewed. Tumor specific somatic mutations, MMR germline mutations, microsatellite scores and tumor mutation burden (TMB) were detected by next-generation sequencing (NGS) with multi-gene panel. Methylation-specific PCR was used to detect the methylation status of MLH1 gene promoter in cases with deficient MLH1 protein expression. In cases with discrepant results between MMR-IHC and MSI-NGS, the MSI status was detected again by PCR (MSI-PCR), and the molecular typing was determined by combining the results of TMB and MLH1 gene promoter methylation. Results: (1) In this study, there were 22 cases of POLE gene mutation subtype, 55 cases of mismatch repair deficient (MMR-d) subtype, 29 cases of p53 abnormal subtype, and 108 cases of no specific molecular profile (NSMP). The median age at diagnosis of MMR-d subtype (54 years old) and the proportion of aggressive histological types (40.0%, 22/55) were higher than those of NSMP subtype [50 years old and 12.0% (13/108) respectively; all P<0.05]. (2) Among 214 patients, MMR-IHC test showed that 153 patients were mismatch repair proficient (MMR-p), 49 patients were MMR-d, and 12 patients were difficult to evaluate directly. MSI-NGS showed that 164 patients were microsatellite stable (MSS; equal to MMR-p), 48 patients were high microsatellite instability (MSI-H; equal to MMR-d), and 2 patients had no MSI-NGS results because the effective sequencing depth did not meet the quality control. The overall concordance between MMR-IHC and MSI-NGS was 94.3% (200/212). All the 12 discrepant cases were MMR-d or subclonal loss of MMR protein by IHC, but MSS by NGS. Among them, 10 cases were loss or subclonal loss of MLH1 and (or) PMS2 protein. Three discrepant cases were classified as POLE gene mutation subtype. In the remaining 9 cases, 5 cases and 3 cases were confirmed as MSI-H and low microsatellite instability (MSI-L) respectively by MSI-PCR, 6 cases were detected as MLH1 gene promoter methylation and 7 cases demonstrated high TMB (>10 mutations/Mb). These 9 cases were classified as MMR-d EC. (3) Lynch syndrome was diagnosed in 27.3% (15/55) of all 55 MMR-d EC cases, and the TMB of EC with MSH2 and (or) MSH6 protein loss or associated with Lynch syndrome [(71.0±26.2) and (71.5±20.1) mutations/Mb respectively] were significantly higher than those of EC with MLH1 and (or) PMS2 loss or sporadic MMR-d EC [(38.2±19.1) and (41.9±24.3) mutations/Mb respectively, all P<0.01]. The top 10 most frequently mutated genes in MMR-d EC were PTEN (85.5%, 47/55), ARID1A (80.0%, 44/55), PIK3CA (69.1%, 38/55), KMT2B (60.0%, 33/55), CTCF (45.5%, 25/55), RNF43 (40.0%, 22/55), KRAS (36.4%, 20/55), CREBBP (34.5%, 19/55), LRP1B (32.7%, 18/55) and BRCA2 (32.7%, 18/55). Concurrent PTEN, ARID1A and PIK3CA gene mutations were found in 50.9% (28/55) of MMR-d EC patients. Conclusions: The concordance of MMR-IHC and MSI-NGS in EC is relatively high.The discordance in a few MMR-d EC are mostly found in cases with MLH1 and (or) PMS2 protein loss or MMR protein subclonal staining caused by MLH1 gene promoter hypermethylation. In order to provide accurate molecular typing for EC patients, MLH1 gene methylation, MSI-PCR, MMR gene germline mutation and TMB should be combined to comprehensively evaluate MMR and MSI status.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/diagnosis , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Microsatellite Instability , Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2/genetics , Molecular Typing
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