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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872996

ABSTRACT

Objective::To established fingerprint of Acanthopanacix Cortex by UPLC method, in order to provide reference for quality control and evaluation. Method::UPLC method was performed on Waters BEH C18 (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), with acetonitrile-0.1% glacial acetic acid as the mobile phase for gradient elution.The detection wavelength was 282 nm, the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 25 ℃, and the injection volume was 2 μL.With syringin as reference substance, the fingerprint of 20 batches Acanthopanacix Cortex were analyzed under the same chromatographic conditions.The Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Media (version 2012) was used to analyze the similarity of 20 batches of Acanthopanacix Cortex, and the SPSS 21.0 was applied for cluster analysis. Result::The UPLC fingerprint of the Acanthopanacix Cortex was established.The similarity results showed that the 7 batches of the 20 batches of Acanthopanacix Cortex was less than 0.800, and the remaining medicinal materials were similar within the range from 0.800 to 0.924.Besides, 12 common fingerprint peaks were calibrated and 4 components were identified, namely protocatechuic acid (peak 1), chlorogenic acid (peak 3), syringin (peak 4), and 4-methoxysalicylaldehyde (peak 12). The clustering results showed that the 20 batches of Acanthopanacix Cortex were divided into four groups.Among these batches, S1, S3, S9, S13 and S20 were clustered into one category, S11 was a category, S14 was a category, and the remaining samples belonged to a category. Conclusion::With a good precision, repeatability and stability, short analysis time as well as superior specificity, the method will provide a scientific basis to evaluate and control the quality of Acanthopanacix Cortex.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 835-839, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the curative effect of robotic intracorporeal studer orthotopic neobladder (RISON).Methods:The clinical data of 40 patients who underwent RISON in our hospital from April 2018 to March 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, including 39 males and 1 female with an average age of (56.4±9.9)years, an average body mass index of (25.5±3.1) kg/m 2. Four patients received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Comorbidity component index score was 0-2 points in 6 cases, 3-5 points in 33 cases, 6-8 points in 1 case. All patients had definite pathological diagnosis for the high grade urothelial carcinoma or recurrent bladder tumors, and the tumor staging forecast within T 2 stage. Biopsy of the posterior urethra and bladder neck revealed negative result of tumor invasion. The patients had normal kidney function and without any clear bowel disease history. All patients underwent robotic radical intracorporeal studer orthotopic neobladders and standard lymphadenectomy. About 30 to 40 cm from terminal ileum was selected as the new bladder neck and 50 cm ileum as neobladder. Restore intestinal continuity with EndoGIA. The intestinal canal was cut off along the offside of mesentery except for proximal 10 cm. After U-shape suture of the new bladder back wall, the new anterior bladder wall was sutured with barbs line further in pulp muscularis. "Wallace" was performed bilateral ureteral anastomosis and closing the proximal end of the anterior wall of the new bladder. Further follow-up results were also collected to evaluate the clinical treatment effect, including pathological results of tumor, bladder capacity, urine control (usage of pads), sexual function, short-term(≤30 d) and long-term(>30 d) complications. Results:All the RISONs were successfully performed without conversion to open operation. Median operation time was 360(300.0, 442.5) min, blood loss was 200(200.0, 337.5) ml, indwelling time of gastric tube was 3(3, 4)d, full tolerance time was 3(3, 5)d, and postoperative hospital stay was 9(8, 10)d. Postoperative pathological results showed 39(97.5%) cases were no more than T 2N 0M 0, 1 case was confirmed T 3aN 0M 0 pathologically, 1 case was positive in surgical margin, 1 case was diagnosed as incidental prostate cancer, 15(12, 20) lymph nodes were dissected and no lymph node metastasis was found. Short-term (within 30 days) complications occurred in 12 patients, including Clavien grade Ⅰ 7 cases, Clavien grade Ⅱ 5 cases. Long-term (out of 30 days) complications occurred in 18 patients, including Clavien grade Ⅰ 10 cases, Clavien grade Ⅱ 7 cases, Clavien grade Ⅲ 1 case. And the follow-up time was 1 to 24 months. The median bladder volume 300 (0, 400)ml of 25 patients who were followed up for more than one year and 1 in 34 female patient developed incontinence. Other 33 patients had continence rate of 93.9% (0 pad) during the day, and needed regular urination at night (1-3 times), with an average of 2 pads. All 11 patients with nerve-sparing achieved satisfactory erectile function after operation, with an average IIEF-6 score of (21.5±2.7). No tumor recurrence or death occurred in all patients during the follow-up period. Conclusions:Robotic intracorporeal studer orthotopic neobladder is a safe and feasible urinary diversion operation. The patients achieved good clinical efficacy in tumor control, bladder volume, daytime and nighttime continence, sexual function recovery.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865753

ABSTRACT

The geriatrics department of Zhongnan Hospital covers all subspecialties of internal medicine with six separated wards, so it is difficult to manage and teach the students who participate in standardized training for resident physicians. In the residents' standardized training of geriatrics department, the interactive support platform named micro-teaching assistant was applied to carry out teaching activities such as classroom check-in, classroom testing and classroom discussion of teaching rounds and small lectures. It not only effectively manages the teaching order, but also improves students' enthusiasm and autonomy by encouraging them to participate in classroom interaction actively. The case analysis quiz and interactive discussion have a good effect on consolidating and deepening the students' professional knowledge, and improving the ability of clinical analysis and problem solving. The attendance rates, class discussion and test scores were recorded in a real and objective way, so that teachers can observe the whole process of students' learning and then make a formative assessment. At the same time, teachers are urged to adjust the teaching contents and progress in time, so as to achieve the goal of promoting "teaching" and "learning" mutually.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774068

ABSTRACT

Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by SLC7A7 gene mutation and often involves severe lesions in multiple systems. Lung involvement is frequently seen in children with LPI and such children tend to have a poor prognosis. This article summarizes the clinical manifestations and gene mutation characteristics of three children diagnosed with LPI by SLC7A7 gene analysis. All three children had the manifestations of aversion to protein-rich food after weaning, delayed development, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, and osteoporosis, as well as an increase in orotic acid in urine. In addition, interstitial pneumonia and diffuse pulmonary interstitial lesions were observed in two children. SLC7A7 gene detection showed three pathogenic mutations in these children, namely c.1387delG(p.V463CfsX56), c.1215G>A(p.W405X) and homozygous c.625+1G>A. After a definite diagnosis was made, all three children were given a low-protein diet and oral administration of citrulline [100 mg/(kg.d)], iron protein succinylate [4 mg/(kg.d)], calcium and zinc gluconates oral solution (10 mL/day) and vitamin D (400 IU/day). In addition, patient 3 was given prednisone acetate (5 mg/day). The children had varying degrees of improvement in symptoms and signs. It is hard to distinguish LPI from urea cycle disorder due to the features of amino acid and organic acid metabolism in LPI, and SLC7A7 gene analysis is the basis for a definite diagnosis of LPI.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Child , Citrulline , Fusion Regulatory Protein 1, Light Chains , Genetics , Humans , Lysine , Mutation
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the composition rules of oral prescriptions in the treatment of headache, stomachache and dysmenorrhea recorded in National Standard for Chinese Patent Drugs (NSCPD) enacted by Ministry of Public Health of China and then make comparison between them to better understand pain treatment in different regions of human body.@*METHODS@#Constructed NSCPD database had been constructed in 2014. Prescriptions treating the three pain-related diseases were searched and screened from the database. Then data mining method such as association rules analysis and complex system entropy method integrated in the data mining software Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS) were applied to process the data.@*RESULTS@#Top 25 drugs with high frequency in the treatment of each disease were selected, and 51, 33 and 22 core combinations treating headache, stomachache and dysmenorrhea respectively were mined out as well.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The composition rules of the oral prescriptions for treating headache, stomachache and dysmenorrhea recorded in NSCPD has been summarized. Although there were similarities between them, formula varied according to different locations of pain. It can serve as an evidence and reference for clinical treatment and new drug development.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 122-131, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243636

ABSTRACT

In this study, the mobilomes of nine teleost species were annotated by bioinformatics methods. Both of the mobilome size and constitute displayed a significant difference in 9 species of teleost fishes. The species of mobilome content ranking from high to low were zebrafish, medaka, tilapia, coelacanth, platyfish, cod, stickleback, tetradon and fugu. Mobilome content and genome size were positively correlated. The DNA transposons displayed higher diversity and larger variation in teleost (0.50% to 38.37%), was a major determinant of differences in teleost mobilomes, and hAT and Tc/Mariner superfamily were the major DNA transposons in teleost. RNA transposons also exhibited high diversity in teleost, LINE transposons accounted for 0.53% to 5.75% teleost genomic sequences, and 14 superfamilies were detected. L1, L2, RTE and Rex retrotransposons obtained significant amplification. While LTR displayed low amplification in most teleost with less than 2% of genome coverages, except in zebrafish and stickleback, where LTR reachs 5.58% and 2.51% of genome coverages respectively. And 6 LTR superfamilies (Copia, DIRS, ERV, Gypsy, Ngaro and Pao) were detected in the teleost, and Gypsy exhibits obvious amplication among them. While the SINE represents the weakest ampification types in teleost, only within zebrafish and coelacanth, it represents 3.28% and 5.64% of genome coverages, in the other 7 teleost, it occupies less than 1% of genomes, and tRNA, 5S and MIR families of SINE have a certain degree of amplification in some teleosts. This study shows that the teleost display high diversity and large variation of mobilome, there is a strong correlation with the size variations of genomes and mobilome contents in teleost, mobilome is an important factor in determining the teleost genome size.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705240

ABSTRACT

The 2017 China (Lianyungang) International Medical Technology Conference was held in Lianyungang,Jiangsu Province during November 15-17,2017.During this conference,the Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of Chinese Pharmacological Society (CNPHARS) and Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.jointly held the Forum on R&D and Interna-tionalization of New Drugs and Health Products of Traditional Chinese Medicine.The forum was co-chaired by Professor ZHANG Yong-xiang, President of CNPHARS, Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS,and Chair of the Natural Product Section of Inter-national Union of Basic&Clinical Pharmacology(IUPHAR), Professor DU Guan-hua,former President of CNPHARS and Vice-Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS,and Dr.XIAO Wei,Chairman of the Board of Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. And Vice-Chair of Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS. More than 70 scholars attended the forum, including four foreign experts [Michael SPEDDING, Secretary-General of IUPHAR; Professor Valérie B. SCHINI-KERTH, Vice-Chair of the Natural Product Section of IUPHAR; Professor Cherry WAINWRGHT, Director of Centre for Natural Product Drugs of Robert Gordon University; Professor InKyeom KIM, Director of the Korean Society of Pharmacology], members of the Division for Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products Pharmacology of CNPHARS and leading researchers at Jiangsu Kanion Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd.GU Jin-hui,Director of the Division of National Science and Technology Major Project for Drug Innovation,Department of Health Science,Technology and Education,National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China was also invited to attend the forum. Representatives discussed the R&D and internationalization of new drugs and health products of traditional Chinese medicine.The summary of views and advice of some experts was published here for the purpose of promoting domestic and overseas academic exchange, and playing an active role in improving the level of R&D and internationalization of new drugs and health products of traditional Chinese medicine in China.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 449-458, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690157

ABSTRACT

With the completion of large-scale genome sequencing of human beings and other organisms, understanding the expression of control elements on the genome has become an important research task in the post-genome era. The enhancer trapping technology is an effective method for identifying enhancer elements in the genome and understanding its mechanism for gene expression regulation. In this study, we selected the stable enhancer trapping line TK4 (head and trunk specific GFP expression), which is generated with the mediation of Tol2 transposon system, and analyzed the trapped enhancers with the techniques of Splinkerette PCR (sp-PCR), in situ hybridization and comparative genomics. We crossed F1 individuals of TK4 line with wild-type zebrafish, collected fertilized eggs, and then detected the expression pattern of green fluorescent protein reporter gene by fluorescence microscopy at six different developmental stages, 6 hpf (hour post fertilization), 24 hpf, 48 hpf, 3 dpf (day post fertilization), 4 dpf and 5 dpf . The zebrafish genome flank sequence near the insertion site of Tol2 transposon was cloned by sp-PCR, and the results revealed that the insertion located at the position 27749253 of chromosome 23, and the transgene inserted reversely inside the intron 1 of rps26 gene. Within the 100 kb region of the insertion site, totally, seven genes including arf3a, wnt10b, wnt1, rps26, IKZF4, dnajc22 and lmbr1l were identified. Comparative genomic analysis by VISTA program revealed that there were two potential enhancer elements in the downstream of rps26 gene, which were conserved non-coding sequence (CNS) 1 and CNS2. The results of in situ hybridization showed that two transcripts of rps26 gene were maternal expression, the expression of rps26-201 in zygote was earlier than that of rps26-001, and the GFP signal of TK4 line zebrafish was not detectable before 6hpf, the expression patterns of rps26 and GFP at the late stages display similarity, and also represent differences, which suggested that the expression of rps26 and GFP may be controlled by the same enhancer, and also by the different enhancer, and two potential enhancers (CNS1 and CNS2) may play a differential regulation roles on the spatial and temporal expression of nearby genes (including rps26). In this study, we successfully obtained two potential enhancers near rps26 gene for the first time, which laid a foundation for further study of the regulation mechanism between these two enhancers and nearby genes in the genome, and the combination technique used in this study also provides a reference for enhancer analysis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 2-2, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773012

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously showed that the expression of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) was significantly down-regulated in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In this study, we aimed to characterize the role of FSTL1 in the development of ccRCC.@*METHODS@#The effects of FSTL1 on cell activity and cell cycle were investigated in ccRCC cell lines with altered FSTL1 expression. Gene expression microarray assays were performed to identify the major signaling pathways affected by FSTL1 knockdown. The expression of FSTL1 in ccRCC and its effect on postoperative prognosis were estimated in a cohort with 89 patients.@*RESULTS@#FSTL1 knockdown promoted anchorage-independent growth, migration, invasion, and cell cycle of ccRCC cell lines, whereas FSTL1 overexpression attenuated cell migration. FSTL1 knockdown up-regulated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signaling pathways, increased epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, up-regulated interleukin-6 expression, and promoted tumor necrosis factor-α-induced degradation of NF-κB inhibitor (IκBα) in ccRCC cell lines. FSTL1 immunostaining was selectively positive in epithelial cytoplasm in the loop of Henle, and positive rate of FSTL1 was significantly lower in ccRCC tissues than in adjacent renal tissues (P < 0.001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the intratumoral FSTL1 expression conferred a favorable independent prognosis with a hazard ratio of 0.325 (95% confidence interval 0.118-0.894). HIF-2α expression was negatively correlated with FSTL1 expression in ccRCC specimens (r = - 0.229, P = 0.044). Intratumoral expression of HIF-2α, rather than HIF-1α, significantly predicted an unfavorable prognosis in ccRCC (log-rank, P = 0.038).@*CONCLUSIONS@#FSTL1 plays a tumor suppression role possibly via repressing the NF-κB and HIF-2α signaling pathways. To increase FSTL1 expression might be a candidate therapeutic strategy for metastatic ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Genetics , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Genetics , Disease-Free Survival , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Genetics , Female , Follistatin-Related Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Neoplasm Metastasis , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852210

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an HPLC-UV-DPPH method to compare anti-oxidants of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata sample from different manufactories and to provide an effective method for the processing and quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. Methods HPLC in HPLC-UV-DPPH system was performed on Aglient Extend C18 (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) column with gradient elution of acetonitrile-0.1% acetic acid at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min, and the detection wavelength was at 334 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃. Flow rate of DPPH solution is 0.5 mL/min, and detection wavelength was set at 517 nm. The total activities of the samples and the contribution rate of each component to the total activity were evaluated by the “quantity-effect” research idea, and verbascoside was regarded as a positive reference. The main anti-oxidants in original and processed herbs were identified by HPLC-FT-MS and were compared. Results The detection of HPLC-UV-DPPH method showed that there were nine anti-oxidants in Rehmanniae Radix extract, while 13 anti-oxidants were found in Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata. There were eight common anti-oxidants in the two herbs. The anti-oxidants were obviously different before and after Rehmanniae Radix processed. The activities of the antioxidants in different samples were markedly different. Anti-oxidants with higher contributions were mussaenosidic acid, echinacoside, jionoside A1/A2, verbascoside, and isoverbascoside, respectively. Conclusion The HPLC-UV-DPPH method is stable, sensitive, reproducible, and suitable for rapid screening of anti-oxidants and quality evaluation of Rehmanniae Radix and Rehmannia Radix Praeparata.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852196

ABSTRACT

Plants in Melaleuca L. contain volatile oils, triterpenoids, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, and other ingredients, which show a variety of pharmacological activities, such as antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antiviral, and anti-oxidant. This review summarized the research advances on the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of plants from Melaleuca L. systematically. It may provide the reference and scientific basis for the further study and development of the plants in this genus.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709687

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of hearing disorder factors on analgesic efficacy of propofol. Methods Ninety?five patients with hearing disorders, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-60 yr, with body mass index of 20-30 kg∕m2, scheduled for elective ear surgery, served as test group(group T). Ninety?five patients with normal hearing function, of Ameri?can Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-60 yr, with body mass index of 20-30 kg∕m2, scheduled for elective non?ear surgery, served as control group(group C). Propofol was given at the initial target plasma concentration of 1.2 μg∕ml. When the target plasma concentration was achieved, 1 min later the concentration was increased in increments of 0.3 μg∕ml. When the patients lost eyelash reflex and had no responses to clapping on the shoulder, bispectral index value and target plasma and effect?site concentrations of propofol, consumption of propofol and time for loss of consciousness were recorded. Re?sults Compared with group C, no significant change was found in bispectral index value at baseline or at loss of consciousness(P>0.05), the target plasma and effect?site concentrations and consumption of propofol were significantly decreased, and the time for loss of consciousness was shortened in group T(P<0.05). The consumption of propofol required at loss of consciousness was gradually reduced with the aggra?vated severity of hearing disorders in group T(P<0.05). Conclusion The analgesic efficacy of propofol is enhanced in the patients with hearing disorders.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and molecular features of a child with carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of the child was collected. Blood acylcarnitine was determined with tandem mass spectrometry. DNA was extracted from the child and his parents. All exons and flanking regions of the CPT1A gene were analyzed by PCR and Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Analysis showed that the patient carried compound heterozygous mutations c.1787T>C and c.2201T>C of the CPT1A gene, which derived his father and mother, respectively. Both mutations were verified as novel through the retrieval of dbSNP, HGMD and 1000 genome databases. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the mutations can affect protein function.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acyl carnitine analysis has been the main method for the diagnosis of CPT1A deficiency. The c.1787T>C and c.2201T>C mutations of the CPT1A gene probably underlie the disease in this patient. Gene testing can provide important clues for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Carnitine O-Palmitoyltransferase , Genetics , Exons , Female , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Genetics , Infant , Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics , Male , Molecular Sequence Data , Point Mutation , Pregnancy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effect of Codonopsis Pilosula Polysaccharide (CPPS) on improving of the memory consolidation disorder induced by Cycloheximide and its possible mechanisms in mice. METHODS The mice was divided into five groups, as normal control group, cycloheximid model group, piracetam positive control group, CPPS 300 mg · kg- 1 group, and CPPS 150 mg·kg-1 group. The mice respectively were given saline, piracetam, and CPPS for 15 d. The memory consolidation disorder model in mice was established by ip. Cyclohexylamine, and orally administered CPPS(300 mg·kg-1 or 150 mg·kg-1) every day. Then experimental groups were subjected Morris Water Maze test. Western blotting analysis were used to analysis the expression of CaMKⅡ/CREB signaling pathways. RESULTS Morris water maze experiment showed that cyclohexylamine can cause memory consolidation disorder(P<0.01), and giving piracetam and CPPS (300 mg · kg- 1) can improve spatial memory impairment in mice(P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blotting experiment results show that compared with normal control group, CaMKⅡ and CREB contents of brain in model group mice had significant decreased(P<0.001); Compared with model group, CaMK Ⅱ and CREB contents of brain tissue in piracetam and CPPS groups increased significantly(P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.001). CONCLUSION Cyclo?heximide can induce the memory consolidation disorder, and its effect in mice related to CaMK/CREB signaling pathways. CPPS can improved this memory disorder by influence CaMKⅡ/CREB signaling pathways.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514085

ABSTRACT

Formative assessment is in conformity with the teaching concept of problem-based learning (PBL).It is to make a real-time,dynamic and sustainable observation and evaluation in the whole teaching process.It is helpful to improve learning and teaching continuously.The PBL clinical teaching courses of long-schooling program in our school obtained the certain effect.It used the formative evaluation mode.The homemade students mutual table and teacher evaluation table were used in PBL course.Specifically,students' self-evaluation and mutual-evaluation were made,and then teacher gave some comments in 10 minutes before the end of each class.Every student was scored by the group leader and teacher according to all these abilities,such as the power of expression,question ability,communication skills,coordination skills and the ability to access.At the end of one case study students wrote self assessment reports,and then the teacher wrote reviews,graded and gave feedback to students.However,the final scores were archived as data instead of being part of the course grade.The application of formative assessment has promoted the teaching effect of PBL.However,in the following practice,teachers should be targeted to solve the problems such as lack of teachiers,the students' self evaluation and mutual evaluation being not fair and highly recognized,and a few students having slack psychology.

17.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 314-318, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish an HPLC method for determination of the related substances and content of glucosamine hydrochloride products from different manufacturers, and evaluate the quality variation of products of three dosage forms from eight different manufacturers. METHODS: The determination method was developed on a Phenomenex Luna NH2 column(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm), with phosphate buffer (7.0 g dipotassium hydrogen phosphate dissolved in a suitable amount of water, diluted with 0.5 mL ammonia, add water to 2 000 mL, adjusted to pH 7.5 with phosphoric acid)-acetonitrile (25:75) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.5 mL· min-1. The column temperature was maintained at 30℃ and detection wavelength was set at 195 nm. RESULTS: The system suitability test met the requirements, and the resolution between the peaks of glucosamine hydrochloride and the impurities were greater than 1.5. Good linearity was shown for glucosamine hydrochloride in the concentration range of 0.156 64-15.664 mg·mL-1 (r=0.999 9). The average recovery rate was 101.14%, with RSD of 1.20% (n=9). CONCLUSION: The established method can be applied in the simultaneous determination of the related substances and content of glucosamine hydrochloride products and provide reference for the quality control.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300789

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder with reproductive dysfunction and abnormal metabolic syndrome. However, its etiology is unknown yet. Androgen hypersecretion is one of the main features of PCOS. It has been found that PCOS has various effects on the offspring in reproductive, metabolic and nervous systems, including:increasing secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and luteinizing hormone, ovarian morphological changes and abnormal secretion of sex hormones, leading to disorders of lipid and glucose metabolism, and increasing the risks of depression and autism. However, there is still lack of direct evidence, and more studies should be conducted on the underlying mechanism in future.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275131

ABSTRACT

Nine compounds, including five lignan glycosides (1-5), three sucrose esters (6-8), and one organic acid ester (9), were isolated from the ethanol extract of the roots of Securidaca inappendiculata by various chromatographic methods including silica gel, MPLC and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as acernikol-4″-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), (7R, 8S)-5-methoxydihydrodehy-drodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), 3, 6'-O-diferuloylsucrose (6), 3-O-feruloyl-6'-O-sinapoylsucrose (7), sibricose A5 (8), and mehyl ferulate (9) on the basis of 1H-, 13C-NMR and MS experiments. Compounds 1-5, 8, and 9 were isolated from the Securidaca genus for the first time. Compounds 2, 3, and 7 exhibited weak cytotoxic activities against Hela and MCF-7 cell lines.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230125

ABSTRACT

In this study, formulas containing Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Carthami Flos in the database of Dictionary of Chinese Medicine Prescription (DCMP) were extracted by using traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system (TCMISS). The drugs pairs and formula composition rules were analyzed with data mining methods, such as association rules, improved mutual information method and complex system entropy clustering. Totally 39 formulas were included in this study and involved 280 Chinese medicines. The top 5 Chinese medicines most frequently used were Danggui (Angelica sinensis), Chuanxiong (Ligusticum chuanxiong), Xiangfu (Cyperi Rhizoma), Baishao(Radix Paeoniae Alba), Taoren(Prunus persica) and Shengdihuang (Radix Rehmanniae Recens). Six core medicinal pairs were obtained through clustering analysis, namely Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Xiangfu (Cyperi Rhizoma)-Honghua (Carthami Flos), Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)-Honghua (Carthami Flos), Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Danggui (A. sinensis)-Xiagnfu (Cyperi Rhizoma)-Honghua (Carthami Flos), Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Danggui (A. sinensis)-Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)-Honghua (Carthami Flos), Honghua (Carthami Flos)-Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)-Danggui (A. sinensis), Danshen (Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma)-Baishao (Radix Paeoniae Alba)-Honghua (Carthami Flos)-Danggui (A. sinensis). The support degree was set at 11 (38.46%), with a confidence coefficient of 80%, and then 38 associated pairs were screened. These results suggested that Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Carthami Flos is often combined with herbs for activating blood and promoting circulation of qi to treat gynecopathy, stasis blood pain syndrome, stroke and other syndromes.

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