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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of health coaching technology on self-management ability and negative emotions in patients with cirrhosis.Methods:In this single-center, randomized, single-blind controlled trial, 90 patients with cirrhosis hospitalized from May to October 2019 were selected as study subjects by means of convenience sampling method. Subjects were included in the control group (routine chronic disease management in the department of gastroenterology) and the experimental group (health coach technical intervention) with random number table method, with 45 cases each. The self-management Behavior Scale for patients with cirrhosis and the Depression-Anxiety-stress scale (DASS-21) were used to evaluate the intervention effect.Results:Two cases in the experimental group were lost to follow-up, and 3 cases in the control group were lost to follow-up. Finally, 43 cases in the experimental group and 42 cases in the control group completed the study. After the intervention, the experimental group's self-management scores and total scores were (23.02±1.68), (25.07±1.45), (17.72±1.64), (18.95±0.90), (84.77±3.32) points, the control group were (17.14±1.49), (23.43±1.77), (15.24±1.95), (15.88±2.26), (71.69±3.85) points, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t values were 4.678-16.955, P<0.05). The scores of DASS-21 were (8.05±1.73), (7.02±1.85), (12.40±2.20) points in the experimental group and (10.10±1.83), (9.05±2.39), (14.02±1.89) points in the control group. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were -5.300, -4.379, -3.659, all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The health coaching technique can effectively improve the self-management ability of patients with cirrhosis and reduce their negative emotions.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828997

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to assess the features of notifiable infectious diseases found commonly in foreign nationals in China between 2004 and 2017 to improve public health policy and responses for infectious diseases.@*Methods@#We performed a descriptive study of notifiable infectious diseases among foreigners reported from 2004 to 2017 in China using data from the Chinese National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting System (NNIDRIS). Demographic, temporal-spatial distribution were described and analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 67,939 cases of 33 different infectious diseases were reported among foreigners. These diseases were seen in 31 provinces of China and originated from 146 countries of the world. The infectious diseases with the highest incidence number were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of 18,713 cases, hepatitis B (6,461 cases), hand, foot, and mouth disease (6,327 cases). Yunnan province had the highest number of notifiable infectious diseases in foreigners. There were different trends of the major infectious diseases among foreign cases seen in China and varied among provinces.@*Conclusions@#This is the first description of the epidemiological characteristic of notifiable infectious diseases among foreigners in China from 2004 to 2017. These data can be used to better inform policymakers about national health priorities for future research and control strategies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Epidemiology , Female , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc, China Scientific Journal Database, CNKI Database, and Wanfang Database were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of LISA strategy in the treatment of NRDS. Literature screening and quality assessment were performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to perform the Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 RCTs were included, with a total of 1 212 children with NRDS. There were 611 children in the experimental group (treated with LISA strategy) and 601 children in the control group [treated with intubation-surfactant-extubation (INSURE) strategy]. The Meta analysis showed that the use of LISA strategy reduced the rate of mechanical ventilation within 72 hours after birth (OR=0.39, 95%CI: 0.29-0.51, P0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of repeated use of pulmonary surfactant (PS) between the two groups (P>0.05), but there was a higher incidence rate of PS reflux observed by LISA strategy (OR=2.60, 95%CI: 1.64-4.12, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with INSURE strategy, LISA strategy has advantages in reducing the need for mechanical ventilation and the incidence rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pneumothorax in children with NRDS.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pulmonary Surfactants , Therapeutic Uses , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Drug Therapy , Surface-Active Agents
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 133-142, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787681

ABSTRACT

Homotypic fusion and vacuole protein sorting(HOPS) is a protein complex consisting of VPS11, VPS16, VPS18, VPS33, VPS39, VPS41 and regulates membrane transport in vivo through membrane fusion mechanisms. The evidence suggests that HOPS complex as a fusion factor, facilitates autophagosome-lysosome fusion. To determine whether the HOPS complex directly interacts with the autophagic SNARE protein STX17 in vitro, the coding sequence of the six genes were amplified from the existing plasmids by PCR, and then ligated to the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX 4T-1-GST or pET-His-NusA. After identification through colony PCR and DNA sequencing, 6 recombinant plasmids were constructed and transferred into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The recombinant proteins were purified by glutathione sepharose 4B and nickel column. We used the tobacco etch virus protease to cut off the GST-tag or His-NusA-tag, to obtain HA-VPS11 protein of about 105 kDa, Flag-VPS16 protein of about 97 kDa, HA-VPS18 protein of about 108 kDa, Flag-VPS33 protein of about 70 kDa, HA-VPS39 protein of about 97 kDa, and Flag-VPS41 protein of about 98 kDa. The function of the purified proteins was verified by in vitro glutathione S-transferases pull-down assay, confirming that autophagic SNARE protein STX17 interacted directly with HOPS components. Our findings provide experimental basis to further study the function and mechanism of HOPS complex in the process of autophagosome-lysosome fusion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the blood perfusion volume variation pattern in the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and the Xi-Cleft points during the menstrual cycle in female college students with moderate constitution under normal physiological state of the uterus; to explore the specific laws of the body surface microcirculation at the Yuan-Primary and Xi-Cleft points in response to the uterine qi and blood changes under normal physiological conditions, and to provide the experimental basis for the specificity of acupoints reflecting the uterine function. Methods: Forty-three healthy and moderate constitution female college students with regular menstrual cycles, without dysmenorrhea and not yet giving birth were recruited. Bilateral Yuan-Primary points [Taichong (LR 3), Taibai (SP 3) and Taixi (KI 3)] and Xi-Cleft points [Zhongdu (LR 6), Diji (SP 8) and Shuiquan (KI 5)], belonging to the three yin meridians of foot and adjacent to the spinal cord segment of the uterus, were selected as the detection acupoints; the crossing point of the three yin meridians of foot [Sanyinjiao (SP 6)], the uterus-related meridian acupoint [Xuehai (SP 10)], the uterus-non-related meridian acupoint [Xuanzhong (GB 39)], and the non-meridian non-acupoint point were selected as the control points. The laser speckle blood flow imaging technique was used to monitor the blood perfusion volume in skin microcirculation at the above points at the menstrual, follicular, ovulatory, and luteal phases of the subjects. Results: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at the right Zhongdu (LR 6) at the ovulatory phase was higher than that at the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases (all P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the microcirculation blood perfusion volume at the other points among different phases (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The blood perfusion volume in the body surface microcirculation at Zhongdu (LR 6), the Xi-Cleft point of the Liver Meridian, shows a specific response to qi and blood changes in the uterus of women with moderate constitution.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872420

ABSTRACT

Objective: By observing the body surface temperature changes of different meridian acupoints located at the same or adjacent spinal segments of the uterus during the whole storing and releasing process of the uterus under normal physiological condition by the infrared thermal imaging technology, to explore the specific patterns that the functions of Zang-fu organs are reflected on the biophysical characteristics of acupoints, and to enrich the functional specificity theory of the meridian acupoints, thus to provide a reference for discussing the biophysical characteristics of meridian acupoints associated with the menstrual cycle in healthy female college students. Methods: Ninety healthy subjects were included. Infrared thermal imaging device was used to detect the body surface temperature of the Yuan-Primary points, the Xi-Cleft points, the crossing points, the non-specific points, the unrelated meridian acupoints and the non-meridian non-acupoint points of the three yin meridians of foot located at the same or adjacent spinal cord segment with uterus, during the menstrual phase, the follicular phase, the ovulation phase and the luteal phase. The absolute skin temperature difference between the left and right acupoints with the same name was used as the main outcome indicator. Results: The temperature difference between left and right Diji (SP 8, the Xi-Cleft point of the Spleen Meridian) during the ovulation phase was significantly higher than that during the other 3 phases (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the temperature difference between the other meridian acupoints and non-meridian non-acupoint points during the 4 phases (all P>0.05); the absolute temperature difference value of each meridian acupoint was not statistically different from each other in the same phase (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The temperature of Diji (SP 8) specifically reflected the onset of ovulation, and the thermal characteristics of Diji (SP 8) specifically reflected the physiological changes of uterus. The meridian acupoints reflecting the performance of Zang-fu function is not only associated with the spinal cord segment innervating the acupoints, but also associated with the characteristics of the acupoints and the meridians to which the acupoints belong.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the biomechanical characteristics of bilateral lumbo-iliac fixation by finite element analysis after digital optimization of a safe screw pathway.Methods:Firstly, a healthy adult male volunteer was recruited for this study who underwent CT scanning of the lumbus and pelvis, with a slice thickness of 0.625 mm.The original data were imported into Mimics 16.0 software for 3D lumbar and pelvic reconstruction.At the same time, a geometric screw pathway and a free screw pathway were generated in the pedicles of L4 and L5 and ilium.Secondly, all 3D models were imported into Ansys 12 software to assemble a finite element model.The displacements and von Misses stress distribution were measured in the conditions of forward bending, backward extending, lateral bending to the left and right, and left and right rotations in the models of 2 kinds of pathway after gravity axial load of 500 N was applied.Results:The models of 2 different pathways were similar in comprehensive displacement and stress in the conditions of forward bending, lateral bending and backward extending, and in the maximum stress of the screw in the conditions of forward bending and lateral bending.However, the comprehensive displacement and stress in the condition of rotation and the stress of the screw in the conditions of backward extending and rotating in the model of geometric screw pathway were obviously smaller than those in the model of free screw pathway.The maximum pelvic stress was on the screw surface between 190 and 260 MPa, concentrated on the bending area of the 2 screws connecting the sacrum and vertebral body.The lumbar-iliac fixation model showed high com-pressive stiffness.The maximum von Misses stress appeared in the L4-L5 pedicle screw on the longitudinal rod.Under rotational loading, the upper longitudinal rod connecting the L4-L5 pedicle screw and the iliac bone screw bore the maximum stress.Conclusions:Our finite element analysis shows that double verte-bral bodies and long screw fixation are effective ways of iliolumbar fixation.The geometric screw path optimized by digital analysis exhibits better fatigue resistance, rotation resistance and overall stability.Internal lum-bo-iliac fixation can effectively share the stress of vertebral bodies.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 255-261,290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application of epidural analgesia (EA) with intravenous analgesia (IA) in radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods:A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of EA and IA in radical gastrectomy was conducted. Primary outcome was pain scores at 24 h after surgery, while the secondary outcomes included incidence of postoperative complications, first flatus time and (LOS).Results:A total of 6 randomized controlled studies was identified and 393 patients were enrolled in this review, 4 published in English and 2 in Chinese. Meta-analysis revealed that, the EA group had lower pain score at 24h either pain at rest ( WMD=-0.74, 95% CI: -1.35~-0.13, P=0.02) or pain on movement or coughing( WMD=-1.5, 95% CI: -1.95~-1.05, P<0.001) than that of the IA group. In terms of complications, postoperative nausea and vomiting ( RR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.18~0.58, P<0.001) and respiratory complications ( RR=0.50, 95% CI: 0.29~0.85, P=0.01) in EA group were obviously lower than those of the IA group. No difference was observed in postoperative urinary complications between the two groups ( RR=0.87, 95% CI: 0.38~1.96, P=0.73). However, the incidence of hypotension was obviously higher than that of IA group ( RR=3.27, 95% CI: 1.28~8.32, P=0.01). Time of first exhaust time after operation ( WMD=-14.01, 95% CI: -22.85~-5.17, P=0.002), postoperative length of hospital stay ( WMD=-0.69, 95% CI: -0.90~-0.49, P<0.001) were shorter than IA group. Conclusions:For patients who undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer, epidural analgesia could provide better pain control either pain at rest or on movement, although a rising incidence of hypotension was leaded, reduced pulmonary complications, nausea and vomiting were found, and promote the bowel function and shorten the duration of hospital stay.

9.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 740-745, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe changes of microcirculation in the superficial regions of acupoints of the three Yin meridians of foot during the menstrual cycle in young college students, so as to provide experimental evidence for explaining the saying of traditional Chinese medicine that acupoints reflect the state of physiological and pathological activities of the internal organs. METHODS: Ninety healthy female volunteer college students were recruited in the present study. The subjects were asked to take a supine position on an examination couch to expose the Yuan-primary acupoints Taixi (KI3), Taibai (SP3) and Taichong (LR3), and Xi-cleft acupoints Shuiquan (KI5), Diji (SP8) and Zhongdu (LR6) which are related to the uterus of the three Yin meridians of foot, the crossing acupoints of the three Yin meridians of foot Sanyinjiao (SP6), non-specific acupoint of the Spleen meridian Xuehai (SP10), non-related meridian acupoint Xuanzhong (GB39) and non-meridian-non-acupoint (being at the same level of GB39, between the Stomach and Gallbladder meridians on the lateral aspect of the lower leg). The laser speckle blood flow imaging technique was used to detect the state of microcirculation (average blood perfusion volume) during menstrual, follicular, ovulatory and luteal phases. RESULTS: The average blood perfusion volume (ABPV) of the right SP8 region was significantly lower in the menstrual phase than in the ovulation and luteal phases (P<0.05), and in the follicular phase than in the ovulation phase (P<0.05). In the left LR6 region, the ABPV was obviously lower in the menstrual period than in the follicular, ovulation and luteal phases (P<0.05). In the SP8, SP6, KI3 and KI5 regions, the ABPV was significantly higher in each of the 4 phases on the left side than on the right side (P<0.05). In the right GB39, the ABPV in each of the 4 phases was apparently higher on the right side than on the left side (P<0.05). In the SP10 region, the ABPV was considerably higher on the left side than on the right side in the ovulation period (P<0.05). The ABPV of SP3 in the menstrual phase and that of the non-acupoint in the luteal phase were significantly higher on the right side than on the left side (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The blood perfusion of microcirculation in the superficial tissues of Xi-cleft acupoints SP8 and LR6 is obviously lower in the menstrual phase than in both of the ovulation and luteal phases in healthy young college students, which may specifically reflect the periodical activities of the uterus in the physiological state, and provide a basis of acupoint selection for menstrual healthy care.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking therapy for acne vulgaris. Methods: A total of 66 patients with acne vulgaris were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table, with 33 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking therapy, and the control group was treated only with auricular point sticking therapy. The treatments of both groups were performed twice a week, 4 weeks as a course of treatment, for 3 courses in total. The scores of skin lesions and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) scores were recorded before and after treatment to assess the clinical efficacy. Results: During the trial, there were 3 cases of drop-out both in the observation group and the control group. After 3 courses of treatment, the total effective rate of the observation group was 96.7%, while that of the control group was 76.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The intra-group comparison showed that the scores of skin lesion and DLQI were both decreased with the increase of treatment times, that was, the scores were lower than those at the previous time point (allP<0.05). After 1, 2, and 3 courses of treatment, the scores of skin lesion and DLQI of both groups were statistically different from those of the same group before treatment (allP<0.05). At every time point during the treatment, the scores of skin lesion and DLQI of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Auricular point pricking-bloodletting plus auricular point sticking has a better curative effect than auricular point sticking therapy alone in the treatment of acne vulgaris, and has a time-effect correlation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 737-741, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755403

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drug-eluting stents (DES)implanted in the main branch(MB)of the coronary artery combined with drug-coated balloon(DCB)inflation in the side branch(SB)in patients with coronary bifurcation lesions.Methods A total of 68 patients with true coronary bifurcation lesions(Medina 1,1,1;1,0,1;0,1,1) admitted into our hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled in this single center observation study.Patients were treated with DES MB implantation and DCB SB inflation,and were followed up and assessed with quantitative coronary angiography(CAG)at 6 months after PCI.The primary endpoints were late lumen loss(LLL)of MB and SB at 6 months after PCI.Results DES was implanted in MB in 68 patients.DCB was used in SB in 67 patients,and DES was implanted in SB in 1 patient due to TIMI 1 flow in SB after predilation.The rate of residual stenosis was (8.9 ± 5.6) % in MB and (19.7 ± 6.2)% in SB immediately after PCI.Of 68 patients,type A dissection occurred in 7 cases and type B dissection in 5 cases in MB immediately after PCI.Overall 64 patients were followed up and assessed with quantitative CAG at 6 months after PCI.The LLL of MB was (0.25±0.31)mm and the LLL of SB was-(0.12±0.38)mm.All patients' SB dissection disappeared,and 1 patient died due to cerebral hemorrhage at 2 months after PCI.The 30-day main adverse cardiac events(MACE)was 0,and 6-month MACE was 5.97%,in which 2 cases had angina pectoris at about 3 months after PCI,with CAG showing in-stent restenosis(ISR)in the left anterior descending coronary artery(LAD)and good SB.DCB was used to treat ISR.LAD was good when assessed with CAG at 6 months during follow-up.Myocardial infarction occurred in 2 cases at about 4 months after PCI,but not in the target-vessel.Conclusions DES MB implantation combined with DCB SB inflation is safe and effective in treating coronary bifurcations lesions.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753307

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effective measures to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infection through the implementation of continuous quality improvement measures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods One hundred and twenty-two premature infants hospitalized in NICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University after continuous quality improvement from January 2018 to November 2018 were selected prospectively as the experimental group, and 125 premature infants using routine nursing management mode from March 2017 to December 2017 were selected as the control group. The occurrence of bloodstream infection in two groups was observed. Results The incidence of bloodstream infection in the experimental group [7.4%(9/122)] was significantly lower than that in the control group [17.6%(22/125)], and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.015). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had statistically significant differences in implementation rate of hand hygiene, average days of peripherally insterted central catheter indwelling, and antibiotic use rate and average days (P < 0.01). Conclusions The incidence of bloodstream infections in NICU can be effectively controlled through strict continuous quality improvement measures.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751849

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between polymorphisms of surfactant protein A1 rs1059047 and rs1136450 and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in Mongolian premature infants in Inner Mongolia.Methods Totally 50 Mongolian RDS premature infants in our ward were recruited as the case group (33 males and 17 females),and another 50 Mongolian non-RDS premature infants with same ethnicity,same sex and gestational age were served as the control group (29 males and 21 females).Single nucleotide polymorphisms of SP-A1 rs1059047 and,rs1136450 and allele haploids (6A,6A2,and 6A3) were detected by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism gene detection technology and were compared between the case and control groups.Results Threegenotypes,CC,TT,CT were detected in the case and control groups at rs1059047,all ofwhich were mainly TT genotype.There was no significant difference in genotype frequency between the two groups (x2=1.429,P > 0.05).Two genotypes,CG and GG,were detected in the case and control groups at rsl 136450,and CG was the dominant genotype.There was no significant difference in genotype frequency between the two groups (x2=1.624,P>0.05).The distribution frequency of SP-A1 allele haploids (6A,6A2,6A3) in the case group was 36%,68% and 42%,respectively,and 62%,46% and 50% in the control group,respectively.There was no significant differencein the frequency of allele haploid 6A3 between the two groups (x2=0.502,P>0.05);but there was a significantly difference in the frequency of allele haploids (6A,6A2) between the two groups (x2=6.763,4.937,P<0.05).Conclusions The alleles and allele fiequency of SP-A1 (rs1059047,rs1136450) were not associated with RDS in Mongolian premature infants.However,SP-A1 allele haploid 6A2 is the susceptible gene for RDS in Mongolian premature infants,and haploid 6A is the protective gene.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744429

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of inflammatory factors IL - l beta and IL - 13 in ulcerative colitis. Methods From January 2016 to December 2016,120 patients with ulcerative colitis in the Fourth People's Hospital of Liaocheng were selected as observation group. During the same period, 120 healthy volunteers were selected as control group. The serum levels of IL - l and IL - 13 were detected by ELLSA method in the two groups. Results The serum IL - l level in the observation group was (192. 3 ± 23. 6)ng/ L,which was significantly higher than (169. 8 ± 20. 3)ng/ L in the control group (t = 8. 234,P = 0. 025). The serum level of IL- 13 in the observation group was (869. 5 ± 56. 8)ng/ L,which was significantly lower than (893. 2 ± 52. 1)ng/ L in the control group (t = 5. 957,P = 0. 036). In the observation group,the serum IL - l level in the severe patients was (159. 8 ± 21. 6)ng/ L,which was significantly higher than that in the mild and moderate patients (F = 16. 931,P =0. 018). In the observation group,the serum IL -13 level in the severe patients was (1132. 5 ±142. 3)ng/ L,which was significantly lower than that in the mild and moderate patients (F = 15. 049,P = 0. 022). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the level of serum IL - l beta and IL - 13 in the observation group was negatively correlated ( r =- 0. 547,P = 0. 036). Conclusion The serum IL - l beta and IL - 13 levels in peptic ulcer patients with different severity has different degrees of expression,which can be used as the detection index of patients with peptic ulcer,and can provide the basis for clinical diagnosis of peptic ulcer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743937

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment status of neonatal respiratory dis-tress syndrome (NRDS) in Inner Mongolia and explore the problems and countermeasures for NRDS diagno-sis and treatment. Methods Data of infants with NRDS in 4 hospitals(3 hospitals were in the west,which were the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University,Baotou Steel Three Hospital and Ordos Central Hospital,1 hospital was in the east,which was the Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng Institute) participat-ing in the study during the period from 1th January,2016 to 30th June,2018 were investigated retrospectively with descriptive epidemiological survey,including basic situation,perinatal period, clinical manifestations, treatment,complications and prognosis. Results Among 11406 newborns admitted in 4 hospitals during the study period,748 infants were diagnosed with NRDS,accounting for 6. 56% . In the eastern region,279 infants were diagnosed with NRDS,the rate was 9. 30% ,and in the western region were 469(5. 58% ). The average hospitalization time in the eastern region was longer than that in the western region,and the age of motherswas higher than that in the western region. There were significant differences between the two groups(P <0. 05). The antenatal hormone use,cesarean delivery,multiple gestation,low Apgar score,premature rupture of membrane in the western region were higher than those in the eastern region(P < 0. 05). The proportion of NRDS grade Ⅰ and gradeⅢ,pulmonary surfactant(PS) utilization ratio and INSURE technology usage in the eastern region were higher than those in the western region. The ratio of NRDS(grade Ⅱ) and the first dose of PS in the western region were higher than those in the eastern region(P < 0. 05). The total mortality of neonates with NRDS was 6. 15% (46 / 748). The incidence rates of patent ductus arteriosus,bronchopulmo-nary dysplasia,necrotizing enterocolitis,ventilator-associated pneumonia in the western region were higher than those in the eastern region(P < 0. 05). Conclusion The level of diagnosis and treatment of NRDS in four hospitals in two districts of Inner Mongolia varies widely. But overall compared with other areas,the treatment of NRDS in Inner Mongolia has the problems of low antenatal hormone use,insufficient use of PS and INSURE technology,and late use of PS. The treatment of NRDS should continue to standardize antenatal hormone use,early and sufficient use of PS,the promotion of the use of INSURE technology.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777944

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of scrub typhus in Anhui Province from 2008 to 2017, so as to provide scientific evidence for the development of control strategies and control measures. Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to describe and analyze the cases of scrub typhus in Anhui Province from 2008 to 2017. Results The overall incidence of scrub typhus in Anhui Province showed an upward trend from 2008 to 2017 ( χ2=3 522.49, P<0.001). The highest incidence rate in 2016 was 3.98/100 000. The cases were concentrated from September to November. It was a typical “autumn and winter type” and peaked in October. It had the phenomenon of “high incidence in October”; the cases were mainly concentrated in the age group of 40-79 years old, accounting for 76.64% of the total reported cases. The cumulative number of cases in the 60-69 age group was the largest, and the incidence was mainly farmers. Conclusions In recent years, the incidence of scrub typhus in Anhui Province has shown an upward trend. It is necessary to strengthen the routine monitoring of scrub typhus in key areas and the detection of scrub typhus pathogens, and actively carry out prevention and health education of scrub typhus.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800465

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Using previous total mesorectal excision with pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP+TME) and simple total mesorectal excision (TME) without emphasis on retained nerves as control, we explore the advantages of nerve plane-oriented laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (NPO+LTME) on urinary and sexual function.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Case inclusion criteria: (1) male patients with pathologically confirmed middle and low rectal adenocarcinoma (4 to 11 cm from the anus); (2) stage T1-2tumor; (3) normal sexual life before operation. Exclusion criteria: (1) no pathological diagnosis before surgery; (2) local recurrence or distant metastasis; (3) preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy; (4) opensurgery and laparoscopic surgery conversionto open; (5) no follow-up data. According to the above criteria, clinical data of 173 male patients with low and middle rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent radical operation for laparoscopic rectal cancer from July 2003 to July 2018 at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Wuhan University People′s Hospital were collected. According to different surgical methods, patients were divided into TME group (58 cases), PANP+TME group (63 cases) and NPO+LTME group (52 cases). There were no significant differences in the baseline data including age, body mass index and pathological examination between the 3 groups (all P>0.05). The nerve plane referred to the nerve, the adipose tissue, the extremely finecapillaries around the nerve with overlying fine membranous tissue. NPO+LTME referred to the process of laparoscopic TME guided by the nerve plane, performing in the loose connective tissue between the nerve plane and the rectal properfascia, in order to ensure the integrity of the nerve plane, and maximally protect the patient's urinary and reproductive functions. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, urinary catheter removal time, urinary function grading, postoperative first erection time, and erectile function and ejaculation function were observed and compared among the 3 groups at 3- and 6-month after operation.@*Results@#In the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group and the TME group, the operation time was (181.9±24.5) minutes, (176.7±29.2) minutes and (137.7±16.2) minutes, respectively (F=54.868, P<0.001); the intraoperative blood lost was (6.0±1.4) ml, (6.5±1.8) ml and (12.8±4.6) ml, respectively (F=95.016, P<0.001); the time to postoperative removal of the catheter was (2.4±1.1) days, (3.7 ±1.7) days and (6.5±2.4) days, respectively (F=79.409, P<0.001); the first postoperative erection time was (1.6±0.6) days, (8.9±2.7) days and (15.9±6.8) days (F=177.677, P<0.001), respectively, whose differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.01). In comparison of urinary function grading, the proportion of grade I (normal function, no urinary dysfunction) in the NPO+LTME, the ANP+TME group and the TME group was 84.1% (53/63), 39.7% (23/58) and 19.2% (10/52), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (H=52.915, P<0.001). At postoperative 3- and 6-month, proportion of patients with grade I erectile function (normal erectile function) was 77.8% (49/63) and 85.7% (54/63), 44.8% (26/58) and 53.4% (31/58), 28.8% (15/52) and 48.1% (25/52) in the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group, and the TME group, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (H=91.709, P<0.001; H=79.692, P<0.001). The proportion of patients with grade I ejaculation function (with ejaculation, no abnormalities in routine semen examination before and after surgery) at 3- and 6-month after surgery in the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group and the TME group was 82.5% (52/63) and 87.3% (55/63), 53.4% (31/58) and 60.3% (35/58), 28.8% (15/52) and 46.1% (24/52), respectively. The differences were statistically significant as well (H=86.543, P<0.001; H=78.667, P<0.001). Patients in the NPO+LTME group had no grade III erections and ejaculation disorders.@*Conclusion@#The surgical procedure of NPO+LTME can promote the recovery of postoperative neurological function and preserve urination and sexual function better.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709077

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of levosimendan on cardiomyocyte apoptosis after coronary microembolization (CME) in swine,Methods Fifteen healthy swines were randomly divided into sham operation group,CME group and levosimendan treatment group (5 in each group).Their cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography,their cardiomyocyte apoptosis was assyed with TUNEL staining,and Caspase-3 expression was detected by Western blot at 12 h after operation.Results The LVEF was lower,the left ventricular minor axis was shorter and the cardiac output volume was smaller while the LVEDD was longer in CME group than sham operation group (P<0.05).The cardiac function was significantly better in CME group than in sham operation group (P<0.05).The cardiomyocyte apoptosis rate and Caspase-3 expression level were significantly higher in CME group than in sham operation group (P<0.05).The cardiomyocyte apoptosis rate was significantly higher while the Caspase-3 expression level was significantly lower in levosimendan treatment group than in CME group (6.820%±-1.974 % vs 10.558%±2.425%,P<0.05).Conclusion Pretreatment with levosimendan can effecively reduce the cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improve the cardiac function after CME by inhibiting the Caspase-3 expression in cardiomyocytes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696185

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution of pathogens in the genital tract of infertile female,and comparing traditional methods with simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) in the detection of UU,CT,NG and MG.Methods 467 female infertility patients were selected from the reproductive center of Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University between June and September 2016 to analyze the distribution of UU,CT,MG and NG.The age was between 20 to 48 years old (mean 31.52±6.83 years old).352 cases of female patients with assisted reproductive technology were selected,aged from 21 to 46 years old (mean 30.67±6.67 years old).The swabs were tested by traditional methods or SAT.The sensitivity and specificity of the methods in detecting the pathogens were evaluated according to the experimental results.Results Among the 467 infertile women,the number of UU positive cases was the highest,the positive rate was 62.53% (292/467),the positive rate of CT was 1.93% (9/467) and the positive rate of NG was 0.21% (1/467),and the positive rate of MG was 1.71% (8/467).UU infection rate was higher in infertile women than normal control group 23.81% (25/105) (x2 =52.01,P<0.01).352 cases of female patients with assisted reproductive technology were selected for further analysis.For UU detection,the positive rate of swab samples detected by liquid culture was 48.9%,while the positive rate detected by SAT was 63.9%.Obviously the positive rate of SAT was higher than that of liquid culture.Swab culture and SAT results were analyzed by paired x2 test (x2 =41.93,P<0.01).The positive rate of CT SAT was 1.71%,and the positive rate of CT-latex method was 0.28 %.There was significant difference between CT latex method and SAT (Fisher exact probabilistic method statistical analysis,P<0.005),which indicated that SAT method had a higher sensitivity.The positive rate (1.7 %) and sensitivity (100%) of SAT were also higher than that of traditional method.Conclusion UU was the most common pathogen in female reproductive tract pathogens,followed by CT and MG.The SAT method has higher sensitivity than the conventional method in detecting of UU and CT.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694412

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between pulmonary surfactant protein C exon5 area's gene polymorphism and the premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) among Mongolian and Han ethnic in Inner Mongolia District. Methods Fifty unrelated Mongolian RDS premature infants (28 weeks ≤ gestational age <37 weeks) were recruited as study group (31 male and 19 female), and another 50 unrelated Han ethnic RDS premature infants (28 weeks ≤ gestational age<37 weeks) were enrolled at the same time, as control group (27 male and 23 female).Polymerase chain reaction was used for gene polymorphism analysis and gene detection technology was employed to determine the sequence of SP-C gene exon5 area, respectively. At last, the difference in genotype frequency of SP-C gene exon 5 area C. 715G>A(S186 N) was compared between two groups. Results There were three genotypes could be checked out from SP-C gene exon 5 area C. 715G>A(S 186N)locus; namely GG,AA,AG types, and in study group, genotype frequencies of these three genotypes were 28%, 62% and 10%, respectively, and G allele frequency was 33%, and A allele frequency was 67%. Genotype frequencies in control group were 78%, 10% and 12%, respectively, and G allele frequency was 84%, A allele frequency was 16%. The A allele genotype frequency in study group at SP-C exon 5 area C. 715G>A(S186N) significantly higher than that in control group. There was statistically significant difference in alleles variations between two groups (χ2 = 53.300, P< 0.05). Conclusions SP-C exon 5 area C. 715G>A(S 186N)locus polymorphism related to Inner Mongolia Mongolian premature RDS. Individuals carrying SP-C exon 5 area C. 715G>A (S186N) A alleles have higher risk of suffering from RDS.

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