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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879061

ABSTRACT

To explore prescription medication regularity in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With Alzheimer's disease or senile dementia as the subject, collecting and sorting out the journal papers in CNKI were collected as the data source to establish the literature research database of Alzheimer's disease prescriptions, and then the association rule analysis, factor analysis and systematic cluster analysis on the included TCM were conducted. Among the 113 prescriptions included in the standard, the single herb Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma was the most common. The herbs were mainly warm and flat among four pro-perties, mainly sweet, bitter and spicy among five flavors. The drugs were mainly distributed in five internal organs, and the most commonly used drugs were deficiency tonifying drugs as well as blood activating and stasis removing drugs. In the association rule analysis, it was found that there were 6 drug pairs with the highest association strength. Eight common factors were extracted from the factor analysis, and they were classified into 6 categories in the systematic cluster analysis. The results have shown that the overall principles in treating Alzheimer's disease with modern Chinese medicine are tonifying deficiency, invigorating circulation, activating blood and dispelling phlegm.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of the image cleanliness scores of magnetically-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) and the methods to improve cleanliness scores.Methods:Data of patients undergoing MCE from October 2017 to August 2020 in Peking University First Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The cleanliness scores at six regions of the stomach (cardia, fundus, body, angularis, antrum, and pylorus) were recorded (1-4 points), and the sum of the scores from these six regions was also calculated. Clinical features [gender, age, body mass index, indication, use of esophagus cap, and medication of proton pump inhibitors(PPI)], and gastric preparation regimens (one dose of pronase: simethicone 5 mL + pronase 20 000 U + sodium bicarbonate 1 g; or two doses of pronase: simethicone 5 mL + pronase 40 000 U + sodium bicarbonate 2 g) were collected. Cleanliness scores were defined as poor (group P, total cleanliness scores≤18) and as good (group G, total cleanliness scores>18). Clinical features, indication, use of esophagus cap and PPI, and preparation regimes were compared. Factors influencing cleanliness scores were analyzed.Results:A total of 238 consecutive patients with median age of 61.5 (54.0, 76.3) years were recruited according to inclusion criteria, among whom 68(28.6%) were female. There were 35 patients (14.7%) in group P with median age of 67.0 (56.0, 83.0) years. There were 203 patients(85.3%)in group G with median age of 61.0 (53.0, 75.0) years. No significant differences were found in age, sex, body mass index or esophagus cap use( P>0.05). Indications of abdominal symptoms or digestive system diseases( OR= 2.899, 95% CI: 1.258-6.681, P=0.012) and PPI use ( OR=3.168, 95% CI: 1.261-7.959, P=0.014) were more likely to yield a low cleanliness score. Gastric preparation regimen with two doses of pronase ( OR=0.201, 95% CI: 0.067~0.603, P=0.004)was more likely to avoid a low cleanliness score. Conclusions:Indications of digestive system diseases or abdominal symptoms and PPI use may decrease the cleanliness scores of MCE, while gastric preparation with double doses of pronase may improve it.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882897

ABSTRACT

Tic disorders (TD) is a kind of neuropsychiatric disorders developing during childhood and cha-racterized by tics.In August 2020, the TD Consortium Neurology Group of Chinese Pediatric Society, Chinese Medical Association has developed an English version of Expert Consensus on Diagnosis and Treatment of Tic disorders in children to help improve the diagnosis, treatment and long-term management of TD, as well as international communication.Now the consensus is interpreted as follows, including its pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, comorbidity, treatment and prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 118-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799311

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical phenotypes of epilepsy in patients with GABRA1 gene variants.@*Methods@#A total of 11 epileptic patients (4 boys and 7 girls) who were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from March 2016 to July 2019 and detected with GABRA1 gene heterozygous pathogenic variants by targeted next-generation sequencing were enrolled. The features of clinical manifestations, electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#A total of 11 epileptic patients carried GABRA1 gene pathogenic variants, of whom 10 were de novo variants and the other one was inherited from the patient′s mother. Two patients had the same variants. Six variants were novel. Ages at seizure onset ranged from 3 to 14 months, and the median age was 8 months. The seizure was first observed within 1 year in 10 patients and beyond 1 year of age in 1 patient. Multiple seizure types were observed, including focal seizures in 10 patients, generalized tonic clonic seizures (GTCS) in 3 patients, myoclonic seizures in 3 patients, and epileptic spasm in 2 patients. There were 5 patients with multiple seizure types. Sensitivity to fever was observed in 9 patients, among whom 6 patients had a history of status epilepticus. Two patients had photoparoxysmal response. Five patients had abnormal EEG background, and 6 patients had abnormal discharges in EEG during interictal phase. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was normal in all patients. Developmental delay in various degrees was present in 9 patients. Among the 11 patients, Dravet syndrome was diagnosed in 5 patients, West syndrome in 2 patients, undiagnosed early-onset epileptic encephalopathy in 1 patient, and focal epilepsy in the other 3 patients. The ages at the last follow-up ranged from 8 months to 12 years. During follow-up, 8 patients were seizure-free for 6 months to 8 years, and 1 patient had discontinuation of medication.@*Conclusions@#In epilepsy associated with GABRA1 gene variants, de novo pathogenic variants are more common than inherited. Most epilepsy caused by GABRA1 gene variants occurs in infancy. Most patients have multiple seizures and focal seizures are common. Most patients have a comparatively favorable prognosis, but they may still have varied degrees of developmental delay.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 133-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of Dabigatran etexilate anticoagulation therapy and analyze its influencing factors in elderly patients.Methods:The clinical data of the elderly patients using Dabigatran etexilate anticoagulation for prevention or treatment of thrombosis in the Department of Geriatrics, Peking University First Hospital were collected.Changes of coagulation indexes and its influencing factors were analyzed when taking Dabigatran in different doses.Results:A total of 142 patients receiving Dabigatran therapy were collected, with an average age of(79.0±7.5)years.Among them, 128 patients had atrial fibrillation and 14 had deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism.After taking Dabigatran, the trough values of activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT)and thrombin time(TT)were increased significantly in all patients compared with that before administration( P<0.001). In patients taking Dabigatran 110 mg once a day, APTT was(32.4±3.0)s before administration, with a trough value of(41.4±5.4)s and a peak value of(53.9±9.8)s.In patients taking Dabigatran 110 mg twice a day, APTT was(31.0±3.1)s before administration, with a trough value of(42.4±5.5)s and a peak value of(48.7±7.3)s.Compared with patients taking Dabigatran 220 mg/d, those who took Dabigatran 110 mg/d were older( P<0.0001), often women( P<0.0001), had lower body weight( P=0.001), body mass index( P=0.018)and creatinine clearance rate( P<0.001), and higher basal( P=0.008)and peak values( P=0.002)of APTT, but with similar trough values.Multivariate analysis showed that the APTT trough values were significantly related with APTT basal value( β=0.885, P<0.001), creatinine clearance rate( β=-0.121, P<0.001), dosage of Dabigatran( β=0.037, P<0.001)and combined amiodarone( β=3.784, P=0.022). Conclusions:There are individual differences in the anticoagulant effect of Dabigatran etexilate.The APTT trough value is higher in patients with high APTT basal value, high Dabigatran dose, low creatinine clearance rate and combined use of amiodarone.Dabigatran 110 mg/d was often used in women, elderly patients, and those with low body weight, and decreased renal function, and with a similar trough value and a high peak value of APTT compared with patients on Dabigatran 220 mg/d.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868457

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases are common intracranial diseases featured with high incidence rate, difficult clinical treatment and poor prognosis. Especially for refractory brain metastases (large volume, multiple recurrence and metastatic tumors), it is difficult for conventional therapies to achieve ideal prognosis. Compared with conventional therapies, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has the advantages of high accuracy, large fractional dose and low damage to the surrounding tissues, and has gradually become the primary choice for the treatment of brain metastases. SRS has a good effect in the treatment of refractory brain metastases, and can effectively inhibit tumor proliferation and improve the quality of life of patients. SRS combined with surgery, chemotherapy, molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy can improve the local tumor control rate of patients with intractable brain metastasis, but whether it can improve the prognosis of patients is still controversial. The adverse reactions of combined therapies should also be concerned. Therefore, this article reviews the therapeutic effects of SRS in the treatment of refractory brain metastases, the strategies and progresses of combined treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 861-867, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826890

ABSTRACT

Lignocellulose is a major biomass resource for the production of biofuel ethanol. Due to its abundance, environmental friendliness and renewability, the utilization of lignocellulose is promising to solve energy shortage. Surfactant can effectively promote the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose. By discussing the influence and mechanism of different surfactants on the enzymatic hydrolysis, we provide references for finding appropriate surfactants in enzymatic hydrolysis process.


Subject(s)
Biofuels , Biomass , Hydrolysis , Lignin , Metabolism , Sugars , Metabolism , Surface-Active Agents , Pharmacology
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 857-862, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with PCDH19-female limited epilepsy (PCDH19-FE).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 60 female epilepsy patients with PCDH19 gene heterozygous variations at the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital from October 2007 to December 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively, their clinical manifestations, accessory examination and follow-up treatment were summarized.@*Results@#Data of a total of 60 cases of PCDH19-FE were collected. The seizure onset occurred between 4 and 42 months of age (median: 11 months of age). Focal seizures occurred in 47 patients (78%), generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) occurred in 30 patients (50%), and other rare types of seizures included atypical absence, myoclonic, clonic, tonic, and atonic seizures. Two or more seizures types existed in 24 patients (40%), and seven patients (12%) had attacks of status epilepticus. Sensitivity to fever was observed in 47 out of them (78%) and clustering of seizures as found in all patients. During the interictal phase, focal discharges were monitored in 22 cases (22/45, 49%), multifocal discharges in 12 cases (12/45, 27%), widely discharging in 2 cases (4%), and both focal and widely discharging in 9 cases (20%). Clinical seizures were detected in 30 patients during the electroencephalogram (EEG) recording, including focal seizures in 22 cases, GTCS seizures in 8 cases, tonic seizure in three cases, myoclonic seizure followed by GTCS in one case, and two types of seizures in four cases. Before seizure onset, 57 patients had normal development and three patients had delayed language development. After seizure onset, varied degrees of intelligence disability were present in 38 cases (63%), language delay in 36 cases (60%), and gait instability in 10 cases (17%). Autistic features occurred in 17 cases (28%); and other behavioral problems like learning difficulties, personality, or emotional disorders existed in 33 cases (55%). Age at last follow-up ranged from one year and 3 months to 22 years and 3 months of age, 17 patients (28%) were seizure-free for more than 2 years (5 to 22 years at the last follow-up). The efficiency of antiepileptic drugs were 65% (33/51) in sodium valproate, 63% (27/43) in levetiracetam and 59% (20/34) in topiramate.@*Conclusions@#The clinical features of PCDH19-FE are characterized by clustering of seizures, focal seizures in most cases, sensitivity to fever mostly, focal discharges principally in EEG, varied degrees of intellectual disability or movement disorder, combined with autism spectrum disorders in partial and high efficiency in sodium valproate or levetiracetam treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical phenotype of children with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy and dyskinesia. METHODS: The patients with early onset epileptic encephalopathy and dyskinesia were enrolled from September 2013 to September 2017. The clinical data was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5 children with early onset epileptic encephalopathy with dyskinesia were collected. Including 1 male and 4 females. 1 case of dyskinesia showed dancing-like movements,2 cases of dyslexia,ataxia mixed,1 case of limb tremor accompanied by wrist alternating twisting action,1 case of muscle tension associated with tremor,speech is unclear. 4 cases were positive for 1 genotype,1 case was mutation of SCN1A gene,2 cases were PRRT2 gene mutation,1 case was SLC2A1 gene mutation. After treatment,2 cases of seizure control effect is good,3 cases of poor results. CONCLUSION: Early onset epileptic encephalopathy with dyskinesia is easy misdiagnosed as epileptic seizures. Genetic associated with the pathogenic genes are mostly reported in the previous gene,PRRT2 gene,SLC2A1 gene mutation. Early onset of epilepsy with dyskinesia caused by SCN1A gene mutation has rarely been reported in the literature. Some children enjoy good results.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of intradermal needing combined with rehabilitation intervention on middle and early knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. Excluding the dropping cases, finally, 34 cases in the observation group and 32 cases in the control group were included in the statistics. Intradermal needing combined with rehabilitation intervention were given in the observation group, the intradermal needing was applied at Dubi (ST 35), Neixiyan (EX-LE 8), Xuehai (SP 10), Liangqiu (ST 34), Yanglingquan (GB 34), point, and retained for 24 h; the simple conventional rehabilitation intervention was given in the control group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate knee pain before treatment, the end of initial treatment, 1 month after treatment, and 3 months after treatment. The Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) was used to assess the joint function of the knee, the active knee flexion range (ROM) was used to assess the joint mobility of the knee before treatment and 1 month after treatment, and the efficacy of the two groups was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#At the end of the initial treatment, the VAS score in the observation group were significantly improved as compared with that before treatment and the control groups (0.05). After 1 month of treatment, the VAS score, WOMAC score and ROM measurement in the two groups were significantly improved as compared with those before treatment (<0.05), and the observation group was superior to the control group (<0.05); the total effective rate in the observation group was 97.1% (33/34), which was better than 81.3% (26/32) in the control group (<0.05). At the follow-up, the VAS scores in the two groups were slightly higher than those after 1 month of treatment, but the difference was still statistically significant as compared with those before treatment (<0.05), and the observation group was still superior to the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of intradermal needing combined with rehabilitation intervention can effectively alleviate knee pain and improve joint function. It has a beneficial effect on the rehabilitation of middle and early knee osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753135

ABSTRACT

Acute ischemic stroke is often accompanied with autonomic dysfunction .As a noninvasive monitoring measure ,heart rate variability (HRV) can quantitatively assess the changes of autonomic nervous activity in stroke patients by monitoring their heart rhythm ,providing reliable predictive information for cardiovascular and cerebro-vascular adverse events .The purpose of this article is to make a review on related researches about relationship be-tween HRV and stroke and predict and locate stroke by HRV .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752300

ABSTRACT

There was a 6-years-old girl who was hospitalized for "four episodes of convulsions within four hours".On admission,the main manifestations of the patient were unilateral convulsion status,fever and disturbance of consciousness.After improvement of consciousness,physical examination revealed hemiplegia on the convulsive side.Viral encephalitis was considered at admission.However,there were no abnormalities in routine and biochemical examinations of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF),and there were no abnormalities in immune antibodies and pathogen high-throughput sequencing of CSF,which excluded central nervous system infection.According to the craniocerebral magnetic resonance imaging,extensive edema in the right cerebral hemisphere was demonstrated.Diagnosis was considered to be idiopathic hemiconvulsion hemiplegia syndrome(IHHS).The antiepileptic drug was adjusted as phenobarbital,and the seizures were reduced.But one month later,intractable epilepsy occurred,and the final diagnosis was idiopathic hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy syndrome (IHHES).The clinical manifestations were fever,unilateral convulsion status,and disturbance of consciousness.The diagnosis should be combined with CSF examination and imaging characteristics and other considerations.IHHS may develop to IHHES in the later stage.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 384-387, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application experience of integrated nursing mode in the treatment of extremely severe burn patients in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident.@*Methods@#On August 2nd, 2014, 35 extremely severe burn patients involved in the August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident were admitted to Wuxi Third People′s Hospital, including 18 males and 17 females, aged 21-50 years. According to the characteristics of the wounded, the situation of the nursing staff, and the characteristics of the nursing work, the integrated nursing mode was constructed and implemented to improve overall nursing quality. The standardized management measures such as cluster management of facilities and equipments in wards, improving and unifying nursing system, standardized training, drawing up " Nurses Compulsory Reading" , optimizing nursing shift handover and so on were taken. Professional quality control groups such as continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) group, static therapy group, airway group, and burn group were established, and standardized writing nursing group, wound nursing group, psychological nursing group, and enteral nutrition nursing group were set up under burn group. The treatment outcomes of patients and effects of nursing management, nursing methods, and specialty nursing were recorded.@*Results@#Twenty-seven patients survived the shock period, infection period, and recovery period smoothly. The success rate of rescue was 77.14%. During the treatment, the ward was in good order. The implementation rate of disinfection and isolation system, the completion rate of shift handover, the standard rate of intravenous therapy, the implementation rate of bed head elevation, the correct rate of posture placement, and the success rate of CRRT were all 100%. Successful turn over of rotating bed without interruption of CRRT for 24 hours was implemented in two patients. In many cases, the single filter for hemodialysis continuously run for more than 72 hours. The airway mucosa of patients healed around 20 days after injury. No adverse nursing events such as tracheal cannula detachment/blockage, respiratory distress, atelectasis, lung consolidation, aspiration by mistake, rotating bed rollover, ear chondritis, nasal septal pressure ulcer, vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) catheter blockage, VSD dressing leakage, severe abdominal distension/diarrhea, non-planned extubation/blockage of various intravenous treatment catheters implanted into deep veins and arteries were observed.@*Conclusions@#The integrated nursing mode significantly optimizes the nursing work process in the treatment of extremely severe mass burns, clarifies the duties of nursing staff, and improves the quality of nursing. This mode is worthy of taking reference by other burn treatment units.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 316-318, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805030

ABSTRACT

On August 2nd, 2014, 35 patients with extremely severe burns involved in August 2nd Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident, including 18 males and 17 females, aged from 21 to 50 years, were admitted to our unit. According to the patient′s condition, the rescue members divided the participants into groups according to their characteristics, and used the multi-disciplinary cooperative treatment and management mode of integrating critical care medicine, anesthesia, traditional Chinese medicine, rehabilitation, and nursing led by burn medicine. Totally 27 patients were successfully treated, with a success rate of 77.14%.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801741

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the content of active ingredients in root bark,stems,leaves and fruits of three varieties of Sambucus williamsii (Saline-toleratedvariety,Natural Red No. 1 variety,Qingzhou No.15 variety),and identify the chemical patterns of the chemical components. Method:The content of polysaccharides,flavonoids,phenolic acids and triterpene were determined by UV spectrophotometry (UV) colorimetry. The content of anthocyanin was determined by pH differential method. Ursolic acid,oleanolic acid,quercetin,protocatechuic acid,morroniside content were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The root bark,stems,leaves and fruits of three varieties were analyzed by chemical pattern recognition. Result:The quality of different samples was further evaluated by F3 and F6 comprehensive scores in principal component analysis. It was found that the root bark and leaves were higher in the comprehensive ranking,and the results were basically consistent with the quantitative results. The contents of polysaccharide and morroniside in Natural Red No. 1 variety root bark were the highest,which were 161.09 mg·g-1 and 8.33 mg·g-1,respectively. Flavonoids,rutin and quercetin were the highest in the Natural Red No. 1 variety leaf,which were 71.93,4.09 and 3.57 mg·g-1,respectively. Triterpene was the highest in Natural Red No. 1 variety fruit, which was 47.84 mg·g-1. Phenolic acid and anthocyanin were the highest in Saline-tolerated variety fruits,which were 11.25 mg·g-1 and 94.32 mg·g-1,respectively. The Saline-tolerated variety stem had the highest oleanolic acid content, which was 1.41 mg·g-1. Saline-tolerated variety leaf had the highest contents of ursolic acid and gallic acid,which were 2.12 and 0.34 mg·g-1, respectively. The highest content of protocatechuic acid in Qingzhou No. 15 variety root bark, which was 0.12 mg·g-1. Conclusion:The content of Natural Red No. 1 variety is higher than that of the other two varieties,with a good quality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796580

ABSTRACT

There was a 6-years-old girl who was hospitalized for " four episodes of convulsions within four hours" . On admission, the main manifestations of the patient were unilateral convulsion status, fever and disturbance of consciousness.After improvement of consciousness, physical examination revealed hemiplegia on the convulsive side.Viral encephalitis was considered at admission.However, there were no abnormalities in routine and biochemical examinations of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF), and there were no abnormalities in immune antibodies and pathogen high-throughput sequencing of CSF, which excluded central nervous system infection.According to the craniocerebral magnetic resonance imaging, extensive edema in the right cerebral hemisphere was demonstrated.Diagnosis was considered to be idiopathic hemiconvulsion hemiplegia syndrome(IHHS). The antiepileptic drug was adjusted as phenobarbital, and the seizures were reduced.But one month later, intractable epilepsy occurred, and the final diagnosis was idiopathic hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy syndrome(IHHES). The clinical manifestations were fever, unilateral convulsion status, and disturbance of consciousness.The diagnosis should be combined with CSF examination and imaging characteristics and other considerations.IHHS may develop to IHHES in the later stage.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 454-462, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780137

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to further explore the effects of SI-4650, a newly discovered small molecule inhibitor of spermine oxidase (SMO) in our laboratory, on proliferation and migration of human osteosarcoma 143B cells and its underlying molecular mechanism. Chemiluminescence and high performance liquid chromatograph were used to analyze the effect of SI-4650 on SMO activity in 143B cells. DCFH-DA-staining/FCM was used to analyze the accumulation of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), whereas MTT and FCM were used to detect proliferation and cell cycle. Transwell culture and Western blot were used to analyze the expression levels of migration-related proteins. PI/FITC-Annexin V/FCM, fluorescence microscopy and Western blot were used to analyze apoptosis and autophagy. Our results showed that SI-4650 could significantly decrease SMO activity, inhibit cell proliferation or migration, and induce a S-phase cell cycle arrest in 143B human osteosarcoma cells. The mechanism may be related to interfering with polyamine metabolism, activating mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis and causing autophagic death. These results suggest that SI-4650 has the potential for clinical use in treatment of osteosarcoma.

18.
Indian Pediatr ; 2018 Feb; 55(2): 137-139
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-199022

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of children with hand foot and mouth disease(HFMD) who died. Methods: 331 deaths due to HFMD between 2010 and 2014 wereincluded in this retrospective study; 15 autopsies were performed. Results: Most deathswere seen in children aged below 3 y, and with enterovirus 71 infection (91%). The mean(SD) duration of HFMD from onset to death was 3.7(2.9) d. The mean (SD) age of fastprogressors (from onset to death less than 4 days) was 17.4 (9.2) mo. Most of them werediagnosed as stage 3 and stage 4 of HFMD. Various pathological changes were observed inbrain after autopsy, especially in brain stem and medulla. Conclusions: The brain stemencephalitis with the neurotropism of enteroviruses seems to be the main contributor to thedeath in HFMD

19.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 118-122, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of intradermal needle-embedding therapy in the treatment of dysphagia in stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 80 stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly divided into treatment group and control group (n = 40 in each). The control group was treated with conventional medicines, neuromuscular electrical stimulation of the bilateral midlines of the neck and swallowing function training, and the treatment group treated by intradermal needle-embedding at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan-point, Yifeng (TE 17), Ashi-point, etc. (once every other day for 20 days) on the basis of the treatments used in the control group. Swallowing function (0-10 points scaling, the bigger the better)and surface electromyography (sEMG) of the bilateral suprahyoid muscles and infrahyoid muscles in the relaxing, nothing swallowing and water-swallowing conditions were tested before and after the treatment. RESULTS: After treatment, the swallowing scores were significantly increased in both groups compared with those of their individual pre-treatment (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of swallowing function. During relaxing, nothing swallowing and water-swallowing conditions, the peak amplitudes of sEMG were considerably increased in both groups relevant to those of their individual pre-treatment (P<0.05).The swallowing function score, and maximum amplitudes of sEMG during relaxing, nothing swallowing and water-swallowing conditions were significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05), suggesting a better efficacy of intradermal needle-embedding treatment. CONCLUSION: Intradermal needle-embedding can significantly improve the swallowing function of stroke patients with dysphagia.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1299-1302, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705986

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and imaging features of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in children with mycoplasmmapneumonia infection.Methods The clinical data of 15 children with MERS diagnosed in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.Results Among the 15 cases,there were 5 males and 10 females.The onset age ranged from 2 years old to 11 years old.All the 15 cases were onset of acute infection.8 cases were onset of vomiting,diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms.2 cases were onset of respiratory tract infection such as cough.8 cases were accompanied by fever.15 cases were accompanied by convulsions.2 cases were onset of consciousness disturbance.All 15 children underwent lumbar puncture and routine cerebrospinal fluid tests were in normal range.Electroencephalogram examination was abnormal in 13 children,showing slow activity in each lead.The cranial MRI examination of the onset of 4-6 d suggested that the lesions of the corpus callosum were characterized by high signal intensity of DWI sequence.Etiological examination of 15 children showed mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP)-IgM or-Ab positive.In 10 children,the MRI of the corpus callosum was completely restored to normal after 7-12 d.15 children were treated with anti-infection and azithromycin orally,but not with propofol or hormone.They were discharged after 4-14 days of hospitalization.All 10 children were reexamined with MRI at 7-12 days intervals.Conclusions Minor encephalitis/encephalopathy associated with reversible corpus callosum pressure in children with mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is characterized by mild encephalitis or encephalopathy.The imaging of the corpus callosum is reversible and has a good prognosis.

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