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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881072

ABSTRACT

In this study, a high performance thin-layer chromatography/single quadrupole mass spectrometry QDa (HPTLC-QDa) method for robust authentication of Ganoderma lucidum, a popular and valuable herbal medicine, has been developed. This method is simple and practical, which allows direct generation of characteristic mass spectra from the HPTLC plates automatically with the application of in situ solvent desorption interface. The HPTLC silica gel plates were developed with toluene-ethyl formate-formic acid (5 : 5 : 0.2, V/V) and all bands were transferred to QDa system directly in situ using 80% methanol with 0.1% formic acid as desorption solvent. The acquired HPTLC-QDa spectra showed that luminous yellow band b3, containing ganoderic acid B/G/H and ganodeneric acid B, the major active components of Ganoderma, could be found only in G. lucidum and G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. sinense and G. applanatum. Moreover, bands b13 and b14 with m/z 475/477 and m/z 475/491/495, respectively, could be detected in G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. lucidum, thus allowing simple and robust authentication of G. lucidum with confused species. This method is proved to be simple, practical and reproducible, which can be extended to analyze other herbal medicines.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Di'ao Xinxuekang (DXXK) on NLRP3 inflammasome in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages and thoracic aorta of rats with atherosclerosis (AS), so as to explore its anti-AS mechanism. Method:RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and then intervened with MCC950 and DXXK. The contents of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA and protein expression levels of Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), inflammasome adaptor protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC), and cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed protease-1 (Caspase-1) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blotting. Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, atorvastatin group (2.0 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), as well as high-, medium-, and low-dose (100, 30, and 10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) DXKK groups, with 10 rats in each group. The rats were exposed to the high-fat diet and vitamin D<sub>2</sub> for inducing AS. The blood lipid level was measured using an automatic biochemical analyzer, followed by the calculation of AS index (AI). The contents of serum TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> were determined by ELISA, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 in thoracic aorta were assayed by Real-time PCR and Western blotting. HE staining and Sirius red staining were conducted to observe the pathomorphological changes in the abdominal aorta and aortic sinus. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited significantly increased TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> contents and up-regulated NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 mRNA and protein expression in RAW264.7 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The above indexes in each drug administration group were significantly reduced in contrast to those in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group showed that cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and AI in each DXXK group significantly declined, while the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of serum TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> and the mRNA and protein expression levels of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 in the thoracic aorta were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Abdominal aortic lesions and fibrous hyperplasia of aortic sinus were significantly improved. Conclusion:DXXK has a significant anti-AS effect, which is possibly related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy (Xiangyan Zhitong prescription, XZP) on the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracelluar regulated protein kinase (ERK) signaling pathway of primary dysmenorrhea (PD) rats, and explore the pathogenesis of PD and the mechanism of action of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy. Method:Forty-eight female SPF-grade Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank group,model group, western medicine group, low-dose XZP group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group, with 8 rats in each group. In addition to the blank group, dysmenorrhea rat model with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome was established by cold stimulation combined with estradiol benzoate and oxytocin. The rats in the blank group,model group,western medicine group, low-dose XZP group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group were given distilled water, distilled water,0.06 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> ibuprofen, 6.55 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, 13.09 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, and 26.18 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> XZP, respectively, by gavage for 6 days. The writhing latency and writhing frequency of rats were recorded within 30 min after oxytocin injection.Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of B-Raf, mitogen activates extracellular regulated kinases1/2 (MEK1/2), extracellular regulated kinases1/2 (ERK1/2), p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2, c-Jun, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rat uterus. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was employed to detect the mRNA expression of B-Raf, MEK1, MEK2, ERK1, ERK2, c-Jun, and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in rat uterus. Result:Compared with the model group,the treatment groups showed insignificantly prolonged writhing latency and significantly reduced writhing frequency (<italic>P</italic><0.01). On the 6<sup>th</sup> day of modeling, there was no significant difference in the quantitative scores of symptoms and signs among the treatment groups. On the 12<sup>th</sup> day of modeling, the scores changed little in the western medicine group and the low-dose XZP group and decreased significantly in the medium- and high-dose XZP groups (<italic>P</italic><0.01) compared with those in the model group. Compared with those in the blank group, the protein and mRNA levels of p-MEK1/2, p-ERK, B-Raf, c-Jun, and COX-2 in the model group were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with those in the model group, the protein and mRNA levels of p-MEK1/2, p-ERK1/2, B-Raf, c-Jun, and COX-2 in the western medicine group, medium-dose XZP group, and high-dose XZP group were significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The mechanism of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy in treating PD with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome may be related to the down-regulation of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905887

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic stress-induced liver injury characterized by excessive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, which is closely related to insulin resistance and genetic susceptibility. It falls into the category of "liver lump" in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). NAFLD affects about 25% of the population worldwide and has become a major burden of the world health care system. However, its exact pathogenesis remains unclear. Conducting the basic research on NAFLD is of great clinical significance and social value. As an important tool for NAFLD research, animal model plays a particularly important role in clarifying the pathophysiological mechanism of NAFLD. In recent years, the modeling methods for NAFLD in China and abroad have been constantly updated, and in particular, certain progress has been made in the duplication of TCM syndrome models. By consulting and sorting out the relevant literature published in recent years in China and abroad, the author summarized the replication methods of NAFLD animal models. This paper reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of models established via dietary induction (high-fat feed, high-fat and high-fructose feed, high-fat and high-cholesterol feed, and methionine choline-deficient feed), models with genetic defects [leptin-deficiency (Lepob/Lepob), autosomal recessive diabetes gene homozygous deficiency (ob/ob), Alms1 gene (foz/foz) mutation, and FATZO mice] and exposure to special diets, and models for TCM syndromes (liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome, phlegm-dampness syndrome, blood stasis syndrome, combined phlegm and stasis syndrome, and qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome), in order to provide reference for the preparation of more scientific, reasonable, economical, and convenient animal models of NAFLD, thus laying a foundation for in-depth study of the pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment of NAFLD.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of circ_0005379 on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of circ_0005379 and miR-17-5p in OSCC tissues and SCC15 cell lines. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (ACOX1). The circ_0005379 overexpression vector was transfected into SCC15 cells. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium blue staining, flow cytometry, Transwell, and Western blot were used to detect the effects of circ_0005379 overexpression on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of SCC15 cells and the expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and Snail proteins. Dual luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation were used to examine the regulation of circ_0005379, miR-17-5p, miR-17-5p, and ACOX1 in SCC15 cells. A nude mouse xenograft model of SCC15 cells stably overexpressing circ_0005379 was established, and the effect of circ_0005379 overexpression on the growth of xenografts in nude mice was observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with adjacent cancer tissues, the expression levels of circ_0005379 and ACOX1 proteins in OSCC tissues were decreased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#circ_0005379 may inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of OSCC cells by downregulating the expression of miR-17-5p and upregulating ACOX1, which promote apoptosis and inhibit tumor growth


Subject(s)
Acyl-CoA Oxidase , Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Circular , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879157

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 38 active components in Abelmoschi Corolla, including flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides and amino acids, so as to investigate the effects of different harvesting and processing methods on multi-active components in Abelmoschi Corolla. The chromatographic separation was performed on a XBridg®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with(0.1% formic acid water) methanol-acetonitrile(1∶1) as the mobile phase for gradient elution at 30 ℃. The flow rate was 0.5 mL·min~(-1). The components were detected in a multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The gray relational analysis(GRA) was used to comprehensively evaluate the multiple active components of Abelmoschi Corolla at different harvesting times and drying temperatures. The results showed that 38 components had a good linearity with correlation coefficients all above 0.999 0. The method featured a good precision, repeatability and stability with the relative stan-dard deviations(RSDs) of less than 5.0%. Recoveries ranged from 98.06% to 104.4% with RSD between 0.22% and 4.9%. The results of GRA indicated that a better quality in the samples collected on September 9 th. Samples dried at 90 ℃ had a better quality. The established method is accurate and reliable, and can be used to assess the internal quality of Abelmoschi Corolla. This study can provide basic materials for determining appropriate harvesting time and processing method of Abelmoschi Corolla.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Nucleosides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy in treating primary dysmenorrhea (PD) with cold coagulation and blood stasis, and to explore its immune mechanisms on PD. Method:The 108 PD patients with cold coagulation and blood stasis syndrome were collected and randomly divided into traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, ibuprofen group and placebo group according to the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. All patients received corresponding medicines three days before menstruation. The patients in TCM group were treated with TCM and ibuprofen sustained release capsule simulator. The patients in ibuprofen group were treated with ibuprofen sustained-release capsule and TCM simulator. The patients in placebo group were treated with TCM simulator and ibuprofen sustained-release capsule simulator. Treatment lasted for 6 consecutive days for three menstrual cycles, and follow-up was conducted for three menstrual cycles after drug withdrawal. The visual analogue score (VAS), total time of abdominal pain and TCM symptom scores in each menstrual cycle were recorded. The levels of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood before and after treatment were detected by flow cytometry. Result:After treatment for three menstrual cycles, both the TCM group and ibuprofen group were better than placebo group in reducing VAS score and reducing total abdominal pain time (P<0.01). The long-term follow-up effect after drug withdrawal in TCM group was significantly better than that in ibuprofen group (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 91.43% (32/35) in TCM group, 66.67% (10/33) in ibuprofen groups, and 30.30% (10/33) in placebo group . The efficacy of the TCM group was better than that of the ibuprofen group (χ2=-2.971, P<0.01), and the efficacy of the ibuprofen group was better than that of the placebo group (χ2=-2.371, P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ in TCM group were significantly increased and the levels of CD8+ were decreased significantly as compared with those before treatment (P<0.01). After treatment, the levels of CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ in TCM group were higher (P<0.05,P<0.01),while the levels of CD8+ were significantly lower than those in ibuprofen group and placebo group (P<0.01). Conclusion:Wenjing Huayu Zhitong therapy can reduce the VAS score and accumulative time of abdominal pain, and improve the dysmenorrhea symptoms in patients with PD. Reversal of the T cell subsets disorder may be one of its mechanisms in treating PD with cold coagulation and blood stasis.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826625

ABSTRACT

Public health crises, such as the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) since Dec. 2019, are widely acknowledged as severe traumatic events that impose threats not only because of physical concerns but also because of the psychological distress of infected patients. We designed an internet-based integrated intervention and evaluated its efficacy on depression and anxiety symptoms in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Betacoronavirus , Cell Phone , China , Coronavirus Infections , Psychology , Depression , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Internet , Male , Middle Aged , Mindfulness , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychology , Prospective Studies , Psychological Distress , Relaxation Therapy , Self Care , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824004

ABSTRACT

The human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), one of the most essential conjugative enzymes, is responsible for the metabolism and detoxification of bilirubin and other endogenous substances, as well as many different xenobiotic compounds. Deciphering UGT1A1 relevance to human diseases and characterizing the effects of small molecules on the activities of UGT1A1 requires reliable tools for probing the function of this key enzyme in complex biological matrices. Herein, an easy-to-use assay for highly-selective and sensitive monitoring of UGT1A1 activities in various biological matrices, using liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (LC-FD), has been developed and validated. The newly developed LC-FD based assay has been confirmed in terms of sensitivity, specificity, precision, quanti-tative linear range and stability. One of its main advantages is lowering the limits of detection and quantification by about 100-fold in comparison to the previous assay that used the same probe substrate, enabling reliable quantification of lower amounts of active enzyme than any other method. The precision test demonstrated that both intra- and inter-day variations for this assay were less than 5.5%. Further-more, the newly developed assay has also been successfully used to screen and characterize the regu-latory effects of small molecules on the expression level of UGT1A1 in living cells. Overall, an easy-to-use LC-FD based assay has been developed for ultra-sensitive UGT1A1 activities measurements in various biological systems, providing an inexpensive and practical approach for exploring the role of UGT1A1 in human diseases, interactions with xenobiotics, and characterization modulatory effects of small mole-cules on this conjugative enzyme.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878854

ABSTRACT

Ganjiang Lingzhu Decoction is one of the first 100 classical prescriptions published by China in 2018. According to the published literature, it was found that there is no review on the history, evolution and research progress of this prescription. In order to reflect the history, modifications, quality control and clinical applications, this paper focuses on the origination, evolution, current development and modern studies of Ganjiang Lingzhu Decoction, in the hope of providing a reference for the heritage and innovation of other classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Quality Control
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878791

ABSTRACT

In this study, the chemical profiling of Jingyin Granules and the tissue distribution of nine major constituents in this Chinese medicine were performed after oral administration of Jingyin Granules to rats, by using UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap HR-MS. An Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) chromatographic column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was used as solid phase, while the mobile phase was methanol and 0.1% formic acid water for gradient elution. The major constituents in this Chinese medicine were quickly and accurately identified, via comparison with the retention times and MS/MS spectra of the standards. A total of 106 chemicals were identified from Jingyin Granules, including 24 kinds of organic acids, 47 kinds of flavonoids, 10 kinds of iridoids, and 21 kinds of saponins and 4 kinds of other compounds. After oral administered Jingyin Granules to rats, 48, 30, 25, 23, 45, 34, 39, 26, 19 prototype compounds were identified in serum, heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain, fat, and testicles, respectively. Meanwhile, an LC-MS based analytical method was established for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, swertiamarin, caffeic acid, sweroside, liquiritin, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin, arctiin, 5-O-methylvisammioside and arctigenin in biological samples. The tissue distribution(serum, liver and lung) of these nine aim constituents in rats after oral administration of Jingyin Granules were investigated. It was found that these nine constituents could be quickly absorbed into circulation system and then distributed to liver and lung tissues. Except arctigenin, the exposure of other eight aim constituents to serum and lung was peaked at 1 h. At 1 h, the exposure of these components to lung tissue were ranked as follows: swertiamarin [(75 191.0±3 483.21) ng·g~(-1)]>arctiin [(2 716.5±36.06) ng·g~(-1)]>5-O-methylvisammioside [(585.1±0.71) ng·g~(-1)]>arctigenin [(437.45±3.18) ng·g~(-1)]>chlorogenic acid [(308.1±5.66) ng·g~(-1)]>prim-O-glucosylcimifugin [(211.35±2.19) ng·g~(-1)]>sweroside [(184.3±9.05) ng·g~(-1)]>caffeic acid [(175.95±2.05) ng·g~(-1)]>liquiritin [(174.78±153.34) ng·g~(-1)]. In summary, an UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap HR-MS method has been established for rapid and accurate identification of the constituents in Jingyin Granules, while the tissue distribution of nine major absorpted constituents were investigated in rats following oral administration of Jingyin Granules. These findings provided key information and guidance for further studies on pharmacodynamic substances and clinical applications of Jingyin Granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Distribution
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827241

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the biomechanical characteristics of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" for the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy(CSR).@*METHODS@#A CSR patient was treated with "three-dimensional balanced manipulation", and the mechanical changes during the manipulation were monitored by mechanical testing system. Using spiral CT to scan the neck of the patient to obtain DICOM data. The three-dimensional finite element model of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy was established by using Mimics software, Geographic Studio software. The "three-dimensional balance manipulation" was simulated and loaded, and the mechanical parameters of each part were replaced into the finite element model, and the finite element analysis was carried out by using ANSYS software to study the internal stress changes and displacement deformation of vertebral body and intervertebral disc under the action of "three-dimensional balance manipulation".@*RESULTS@#The established C-C finite element model of the CSR patient consisted of 5 vertebrae, 4 intervertebral discs and 3 ligaments, involving 153 471 nodes and 64 978 units. The stress of C-C vertebral body was mainly located in anterior and root of C spinous processes, arch, vertebral arch and the combination of the two after full loading of manipulation, and the maximum stress was 17.781 MPa. The deformation sites were mainly concentrated in articular processes and anterior transverse processes of C, superior articular processes and transverse processes of C, articular processes of C. The stress of C-C intervertebral disc mainly distributed in the anterior part of C intervertebral disc and the nucleus pulposus of C and C. The displace mentextended to the middle and posterior part of C nucleus pulposus, around the nucleus of C and C and anterior part of cervical intervertebral disc.@*CONCLUSION@#The establishment of three-dimensional finite element model of C-C cervical spondylotic radiculopathy can simulate the geometry and material properties of cervical spine, and also accurately reflects the biomechanical characteristics of cervical spine, verifys the internal mechanism of "three-dimensional balanced manipulation" on CSR, proves the safety and effectiveness of treatment, guides more standardized manipulation, and avoids medical accidents.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Radiculopathy , Range of Motion, Articular , Spondylosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779399

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of PBMC HBV cccDNA in HBsAg-positive mothers on neonatal Th1, Th2 cytokines and the ratio of Th1/Th2. Methods HBsAg-positive mothers and their neonates delivered in the Third People’s Hospital of Taiyuan between June 2011 and July 2013 were recruited. Questionnaires on general information were collected by an in-person interview. Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) were utilized to detect HBV serological markers.HBV cccDNA in PBMC was detected with real-time PCR-TaqMan Probe method, Th1 cytokines (interleukin 2, interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α) and Th2 cytokines (interleukin 4, interleukin 6 and interleukin 10) were detected with Procarta Plex Multiplex Immunoassays. Results Univariate analysis showed that the levels of IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 in the positive group were significantly higher than those in the negative group, while the ratio of Th1/Th2 was lower than that in the negative group (P=0.034, P=0.007, P=0.048, P=0.029). The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 in neonates delivered by vagina were significantly higher than those by cesarean section, while the ratio of Th1/Th2 was lower than that by cesarean section (P<0.001). The level of IL-10 in positive group of neonatal HBsAg was significantly higher than that in negative group, while TNF-α and Th1/Th2 ratio were lower than negative group (P=0.011, P<0.001, P=0.027). The degree of Th2 predominant response was reflected by ratio of Th1/Th2. After adjusting potential confounding factors in non-conditional logistic regression analysis, compared to those born to mothers with PBMC HBV cccDNA negative, neonates whose mother with PBMC HBV cccDNA positive had an increased risk of having a strong Th2 predominant response (OR=2.42,95% CI:1.16-5.04, P=0.018). The risk of a strong Th2 predominant response in neonates delivered by vagina was 5.49 times higher than those by cesarean section (OR=5.06, 95% CI: 2.95-8.67, P<0.001). Conclusion HBsAg-positive mothers’ PBMC HBV replication and vaginal delivery may increase the risk of having a Th2 predominant response in neonates. It is suggested that we should pay attention to the effect of maternal PBMC HBV replication and the mode of delivery on neonatal Th1/Th2 cytokines.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776893

ABSTRACT

Resistance to cisplatin (DDP)-based chemotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure in human gastric cancer (GC). It is necessary to identify the drugs to re-sensitize GC cells to DDP. In our previous research, Zuo Jin Wan Formula (ZJW) has been proved could increase the mitochondrial apoptosis via cofilin-1 in a immortalized cell line, SGC-7901/DDP. Due to the immortalized cells may still difficult highly recapitulate the important molecular events in vivo, primary GC cells model derived from clinical patient was constructed in the present study to further evaluate the effect of ZJW and the underlying molecular mechanism. Immunofluorescent staining was used to indentify primary cultured human GC cells. Western blotting was carried out to detect the protein expression. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to evaluate cell proliferation. Flow cytometry analysis was performed to assess cell apoptosis. ZJW inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in primary DDP-resistant GC cells. Notably, the apoptosis in GC cells was mediated by inducing cofilin-1 mitochondrial translocation, down-regulating Bcl-2 and up-regulating Bax expression. Surprisingly, the level of p-AKT protein was higher in DDP-resistant GC cells than that of the DDP-sensitive GC cells, and the activation of AKT could attenuate ZJW-induced sensitivity to DDP. These data revealed that ZJW can increase the chemosensitivity in DDP-resistant primary GC cells by inducing mitochondrial apoptosis and AKT inactivation. The combining chemotherapy with ZJW may be an effective therapeutic strategy for GC chemoresistance patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Cofilin 1 , Metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalenty closed circular deoxyribonucleic acid (cccDNA) and other HBV serological markers and its effects on HBV intrauterine transmission.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 290 newborns and their hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. HBV cccDNA in PBMC and HBV DNA in serum were detected by a real-time PCR-TaqMan probe while HBV serological markers were detected with an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay.@*RESULTS@#There was a positive correlation between the levels of PBMC HBV cccDNA and serum HBV DNA and HBeAg (r = 0.436 and 0.403, P < 0.001). The detection rate of pattern A ['HBsAg (+), HBeAg (+), and anti-HBc (+)'] was significantly higher in the PBMC HBV cccDNA positive group than in the control group (χ2 = 48.48, P < 0.001). There was a significant association between HBV intrauterine transmission and PBMC HBV cccDNA (χ2 = 9.28, P = 0.002). In the presence of serum HBV DNA, HBeAg, and PBMC HBV cccDNA, the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was three times higher (OR = 3.69, 95% CI: 1.30-10.42) than that observed in their absence. The risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was the greatest (OR = 5.89, 95% CI: 2.35-14.72) when both PBMC HBV cccDNA and pattern A were present. A Bayesian network model showed that maternal PBMC HBV cccDNA was directly related to HBV intrauterine transmission.@*CONCLUSION@#PBMC HBV cccDNA may be a direct risk factor for HBV intrauterine transmission. Our study suggests that serological markers could be combined with PBMC-related markers in prenatal testing.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , DNA, Viral , Blood , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Female , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802435

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the quality control methods for the standard decoction of Zingiberis Rhizoma. Method: DNA barcode primitives were identified for the medicinal materials from different origins; according to the standard of Chinese herbal medicine decoction preparation principle,the identified Zingiberis Rhizoma was prepared into standard decoction for analysis. Meanwhile, the extraction method and analysis method were validated from methodologies, and the transfer rate of 6-gingerol as well as the extraction rate of standard decoction of Zingiberis Rhizoma were calculated. In addition,the quality standard of standard decoction of Zingiberis Rhizoma was also established based. The structures of main chromatographic peaks were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) to clarify the main chemical constituents in the standard decoction of Zingiberis Rhizoma. Result: All the samples were identified as Zingiberis Rhizoma. Under the conditions established in this paper,the standard curve of 6-gingerol was Y=661.56X+2.493 3(r=0.999 3),and the RSD was 0.5%in precision test, indicating that the instrument precision was good. The repeatability test showed that the RSD was 0.3%, indicating that the method had good repeatability. The stability test showed that the RSD was 0.4%, indicating that the test solution had good stability within 24 h. The recovery rate was 97.2%and the RSD was 0.6%,indicating that the method was accurate and reliable. 6-gingerol's transfer rate ranged from 31.8%to 57.4%and the extraction rate was within the range of 9.6%-23.1%. The fingerprint similarity of 12 batches of Zingiberis Rhizoma standard decoction was>90%. Conclusion: The established quality control method for Zingiberis Rhizoma was stable and feasible; meanwhile, the standard preparation method for Zingiberis Rhizoma and its quality evaluation system were also established in this study.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802145

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the quality control methods for the standard decoction of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix.Method:According to the preparation principles for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) standard decoction,13 batches of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix from different origins were analyzed under the chromatography conditions established in this study and verified with methodology.By referring to Chinese Pharmacopoeia of 2015,puerarin was used as a quantitative indicator to calculate the transfer rate.In this study,the structures of main chromatographic peaks were also identified to clarify the main chemical constituents in the standard decoction.Result:The 13 batches of medicinal herbs were identified as Puerariae Thomsonii Radix,with a recovery rate of 98.0%,and RSD of 1.1%,indicating that the method was accurate and reliable.The transfer rate ranged from 41.4% to 60.0%,and the extraction rate was within the range of 15.7%-34.3%.The corresponding fingerprints were prepared for 13 batches of the standard decoction,and their similarities were all greater than 90.0%.The chemical constituents from Puerariae Thomsonii Radix were identified by mass spectrometry analysis,including citric acid,4'-O-glucosyl puerarin/daidzein-4',7-diglucoside,3'-hydroxy puerarin/genistein puerarin,puerarin apioside,daidzin puerossid A and daidzein,etc.Conclusion: The 13 batches of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix decoction in different origins had consistent properties with the basic properties of medicinal decoction pieces.The established method of quality evaluation can be used to systematically evaluate the standard decoction,providing reference for quality control of related decoction preparations of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843408

ABSTRACT

Atypical antipsychotic drugs have overcome the serious prolactin elevation and extrapyramidal symptoms of typical antipsychotic drugs, and become the first-line treatment for psychiatry. Studies have found that atypical antipsychotic drugs can modulate the immune inflammatory state of patients and affect their cognitive function, and there is increasing evidence suggesting that neuroimmune disorders may impair cognitive function in schizophrenia. This article reviews the progress of neuroimmune mechanisms of cognitive function in schizophrenia and the effect of atypical antipsychotic drugs on it.

19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1196-1200, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818010

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a type of multi-etiology-induced, abnormal immune-mediated chronic recurrent inflammation of the intestine, which includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease,(CD). IL-22 is a cytokine with unique biological properties. In the intestine, IL-22 has the ability to promote the expression of antimicrobial peptides and mucins that promote mucosal barrier integrity by activating the STAT3 pathway, and may promote intestinal epithelial cell regeneration and enhance intestinal epithelial cell barrier function. IL-22 is significantly increased in the intestinal mucosa of IBD patients. IL-22 can promote the repair of intestinal inflammatory damage, but with environmental changes, such as the level of expression of IL-23, T-bet, IL-22 binding protein, IL-22displayed dural characteristic, on the one hand, it can promote the repair of inflammatory injury, on the other hand it will increase the inflammatory injury response. This article mainly explains the origin of IL-22, its mode of action, and its application prospects in clinical treatment.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1742-1745, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role and the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammasome in children's immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).@*METHODS@#Twenty-one children suffered from ITP were enrolled in ITP group, 10 healthy children were selected in control group. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated from ITP children and healthy controls. The mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 in PBMNCs were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Moreover, the protein level of NLRP3 in PBMNCs was detected by Western blot. The plasma IL-18 level was detected by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 mRNA in newly-diagnosed ITP children was dramatically higher than that in control. The plasma IL-18 level was higher than that in healthy control. Furthermore, the level of NLRP3 protein was up-regulated in ITP children.@*CONCLUSION@#The NLRP3 inflammasome and up-regulated level of IL-18 have been found in newlydiagnosed ITP patients, and they may involve in the pathogenesis of ITP.


Subject(s)
Caspase 1 , Child , Humans , Inflammasomes , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
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