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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771

ABSTRACT

The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Stroke/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1552-1560, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common public health problem worldwide. Recent studies have reported that socioeconomic status (SES) is related to the incidence of COPD. This study aimed to investigate the association between SES and COPD among adults in Jiangsu province, China, and to determine the possible direct and indirect effects of SES on the morbidity of COPD.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults aged 40 years and above between May and December of 2015 in Jiangsu province, China. Participants were selected using a multistage sampling approach. COPD, the outcome variable, was diagnosed by physicians based on spirometry, respiratory symptoms, and risk factors. Education, occupation, and monthly family average income (FAI) were used to separately indicate SES as the explanatory variable. Mixed-effects logistic regression models were introduced to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for examining the SES-COPD relationship. A pathway analysis was conducted to further explore the pulmonary function impairment of patients with different SES.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the 2421 participants was 56.63 ± 9.62 years. The prevalence of COPD was 11.8% (95% CI: 10.5%-13.1%) among the overall sample population. After adjustment for age, gender, residence, outdoor and indoor air pollution, body weight status, cigarette smoking, and potential study area-level clustering effects, educational attainment was negatively associated with COPD prevalence in men; white collars were at lower risk (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.43-0.83) of experiencing COPD than blue collars; compared with those within the lower FAI subgroup, participants in the upper (OR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.49-0.97) tertiles were less likely to experience COPD. Such negative associations between all these three SES indicators and COPD were significant among men only. Education, FAI, and occupation had direct or indirect effects on pulmonary function including post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), FEV1, FVC, and FEV1 percentage of predicted. Education, FAI, and occupation had indirect effects on pulmonary function indices of all participants mainly through smoking status, indoor air pollution, and outdoor air pollution. We also found that occupation could affect post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC through body mass index.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Education, occupation, and FAI had an adverse relationship with COPD prevalence in Jiangsu province, China. SES has both direct and indirect associations with pulmonary function impairment. SES is of great significance for COPD morbidity. It is important that population-based COPD prevention strategies should be tailored for people with different SES.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Social Class , Spirometry , Vital Capacity
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2586-2594, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877821

ABSTRACT

Clinical ophthalmologists consider each retinal disease as a completely unique entity. However, various retinal diseases, such as uveitis, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and primary open-angle glaucoma, share a number of common pathogenetic pathways. Whether a retinal disease initiates from direct injury to the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) or a defect/injury to retinal neurons or glia that impairs the BRB secondarily, the BRB is a pivotal point in determining the prognosis as self-limiting and recovering, or developing and progressing to a clinical phenotype. The present review summarizes our current knowledge on the physiology and cellular and molecular pathology of the BRB, which underlies its pivotal role in the initiation and development of common retinal diseases.


Subject(s)
Blood-Retinal Barrier , Diabetic Retinopathy , Humans , Macular Degeneration , Phenotype , Retinal Diseases
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773715

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation between ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Smilax china and its anti-pelvic inflammatory effect,and to explore the pharmacodynamic material basis of S. china against pelvic inflammatory disease.UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of S. china from different habitats were established,and the values of SOD,MDA,TNF-α,and IL-6 in rats with pelvic inflammation were measured. The weight of each single pharmacodynamics index to the total efficacy was determined by analytic hierarchy process,and the contribution of each peak in fingerprints to the each single pharmacodynamics index and total efficacy was analyzed by the grey relational analysis. Then the structures of chemical constituents at the identified peaks were confirmed by comparing with the reference substance. The 27 common characteristic peaks of UPLC fingerprints were all related to the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china,of which 13 peaks were identified as peak 2( 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid-3-O-glucoside),peak 3( chlorogenic acid),peak 5( 2,7,4-trihydroxydihydroflavone-5-O-glucoside),peak 6( 7,4-dihydroxydihydroflavonol-5-O-glucoside),peak 7( taxifolin-7-O-glucoside),peak 9( taxifolin),peak 10( polydatin),peak 11( oxyresveratrol),peak 12( astilbin),peak15( resveratrol),peak 16( quercitrin),peak 18( engeletin) and peak 24( kaempferol). The correlation degree of 21 peaks and the total efficacy was greater than 0. 8,and the top 10 ranked by correlation degree were as follows: peak 1,3,7,19,18,17,4,11,16,and 21. The results showed that the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china was achieved by the combined action of pharmacodynamic substances. In order to control the quality of S. china and its prepared slices more effectively,the index components of content detection should be selected reasonably.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Female , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Drug Therapy , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats , Smilax , Chemistry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802098

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors(NMDAR1) in hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia and investigate its possible mechanism. Method: The 60 SPF male rats were randomly divided into normal group, sham-operated group,model group, traditional Chinese medicine group(0.20 g·kg-1)and memantine group(2.1 mg·kg-1),with 12 rats in each group. The model was established by repeated ischemia-reperfusion combined with intraperitoneal injection of sodium nitroprusside. After modelling, normal group, sham-operated group and model group were dosed the similar volume of normal saline once a day for 14 days. The learning and memory capacity was assessed by Morris water maze; pathologic change in the CA1 district of hippocampus was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression level of NMDAR1 in hippocampal neuron membrane protein was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry(IHC),the NMDAR1 mRNA in hippocampal tissue was detected by Real-time PCR. Result:Compared with normal and sham-operated group, the latency period was prolonged in model group(PPPPPPPPConclusion:The extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra can improve the learning and memory capacity of rats with vascular dementia, and alleviate the injury in CA1 district of hippocampus. The mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of NMDAR1 expression in hippocampal neurons.

6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 211-215, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818214

ABSTRACT

Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) is a thin, dense membrane that packages outside the milk fat droplets during mammary gland lactating.MFGM is mainly composed of phospholipids, sphingolipids and a variety of specific membrane proteins. In recent years, due to the potential health benefits of MFGM, it has become a hot spot for research. In this paper, the structure and composition , the role of the main components and their applications in infants, middle⁃aged and elderly population of MFGM are reviewed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816263

ABSTRACT

Uterine leiomyoma is a common benign tumour in women of childbearing age,with an incidence of 25%-30%.Uterine myoma can cause infertility,as well as abortion,premature delivery,placental abruption and postpartum hemorrhage and other adverse pregnancy outcomes,which increases the cesarean section rate.The influence of uterine leiomyoma on fertility is closely related to its location and size.The treatment should be individualized,considering the size,location and fertility of the myoma.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773577

ABSTRACT

Shuang-huang-lian Injection (SHLI) is the first successfully developed drug from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) powder for injection, since its use for the treatment of acute respiratory tract infection, pneumonia, influenza, etc. At the same time, its allergic reactions have also emerged, which limits clinical applications. However, few scholars pay attention to the mechanism of allergic reactions. In this present study, metabonomics technology was used to explore the changes in endogenous metabolites in urine of the rat model of SHLI induced allergic reaction; we and analyzed the metabolites, metabolic pathway, and the mechanism which were closely related to the allergic reactions. The levels of serum histamine and tryptase were examined and changes in histomorphology were also observed. Based on the UPLC-Q-TOF/MS metabonomics, we carried out the pattern recognition analysis, selected potential biomarkers associated with allergic reactions, and explored the pathological mechanism for SHLI induced allergic reaction, which laid the foundation for the safety research of SHLI. Our results showed that SHLI increased the levels of serum histamine and tryptase in rats with allergic reaction; we determined 15 biomarkers in rat allergic reaction model induced by SHLI and found multiple metabolic pathways involved, such as metabolism of linolenic acid, phenylalanine, amino acid, 2-oxo acid, and purine and other metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Urine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Hypersensitivity , Urine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Histamine , Urine , Male , Metabolomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2800-2807, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772918

ABSTRACT

Background@#Neural respiratory drive (NRD) using diaphragm electromyography through an invasive transesophageal multi-electrode catheter can be used as a feasible clinical physiological parameter in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to provide useful information on the treatment response. However, it remains unknown whether the surface diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi) could be used to identify the deterioration of clinical symptoms and to predict the necessity of hospitalization in acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) patients.@*Methods@#COPD patients visiting the outpatient department due to acute exacerbation were enrolled in this study. All patients who were subjected to EMGdi and classical parameters such as spirometry parameters, arterial blood gas analysis, COPD assessment test (CAT) score, and the modified early warning score (MEWS) in outpatient department, would be treated effectively in the outpatient or inpatient settings according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guideline. When the acute exacerbation of the patients was managed, all the examination above would be repeated.@*Results@#We compared the relationships of admission-to-discharge changes (Δ) in the normalized value of the EMGdi, including the change of the percentage of maximal EMGdi (ΔEMGdi%max) and the change of the ratio of minute ventilation to the percentage of maximal EMGdi (ΔVE/EMGdi%max) with the changes of classical parameters. There was a significant positive association between ΔEMGdi%max and ΔCAT, ΔPaCO, and ΔpH. The change (Δ) of EMGdi%max was negatively correlated with ΔPaO/FiOin the course of the treatment of AECOPD. Compared with the classical parameters including forced expiratory volume in 1 s, MEWS, PaO/FiO, the EMGdi%max (odds ratio 1.143, 95% confidence interval 1.004-1.300) has a higher sensitivity when detecting the early exacerbation and enables to predict the admission of hospital in the whole cohort.@*Conclusions@#The changes of surface EMGdi parameters had a direct correlation with classical measures in the whole cohort of AECOPD. The measurement of NRD by surface EMGdi represents a practical physiological biomarker, which may be helpful in detecting patients who should be hospitalized timely.


Subject(s)
Diaphragm , Electromyography , Methods , Forced Expiratory Volume , Physiology , Hospitalization , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Metabolism , Spirometry , Vital Capacity , Physiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689854

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulatory effect and relevant mechanisms of the fraction of Hedyotis diffusa and Scutellaria barbata herb couple(YDW11) on polarization of macrophage between M1/M2 phenotypes.RAW264.7 cells were induced with LPS/IFN- or IL-4/IL-13 to establish M1 or M2 macrophage cell model. MTT assay was used to measure the cell cytotoxicity of YDW11. Griess reaction was used to detect the changes of nitrite accumulation in the cell supernatant. Trans-well assay was used to measure the migration capability. QRT-PCR was used to assay mRNA expressions of iNOS, IL-1, Arg-1 and MR. Western blot was used to detect the effect of YDW11 on iNOS and Arg-1 protein expressions. Taqman MicroRNA RT-PCR was used to detect the effect of YDW11 on miR155 expression under M1 and M2 phenotype conditions. In addition, MS-UPLC assay was carried out to identify the constituents in YDW11. The results showed that the ethyl acetate of H. diffusa and S. barbata extracted in 1:1 ratio with water (YDW11) showed the activity in suppressing the nitrite content in M1 macrophages without cytotoxicity. YDW11 also inhibited the migration of breast cancer cells with the help of M2 macrophages by blocking their polarization towards M2. YDW11 decreased iNOS, IL-1, Arg-1and MR mRNA expressions and iNOS and Arg-1 protein expressions. YDW11 down-regulated miR155 expression in M1 phenotype, and up-regulated miR155 expression in M2 phenotype. Based on MS-UPLC,four compounds were identified in YDW11, including 4'-hydroxyacetophenone, scutellarin, luteolin and apigenin. YDW11 inhibited M1/M2 phenotypes of macrophages by regulating the expression of miR155.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812366

ABSTRACT

Shuang-huang-lian Injection (SHLI) is the first successfully developed drug from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) powder for injection, since its use for the treatment of acute respiratory tract infection, pneumonia, influenza, etc. At the same time, its allergic reactions have also emerged, which limits clinical applications. However, few scholars pay attention to the mechanism of allergic reactions. In this present study, metabonomics technology was used to explore the changes in endogenous metabolites in urine of the rat model of SHLI induced allergic reaction; we and analyzed the metabolites, metabolic pathway, and the mechanism which were closely related to the allergic reactions. The levels of serum histamine and tryptase were examined and changes in histomorphology were also observed. Based on the UPLC-Q-TOF/MS metabonomics, we carried out the pattern recognition analysis, selected potential biomarkers associated with allergic reactions, and explored the pathological mechanism for SHLI induced allergic reaction, which laid the foundation for the safety research of SHLI. Our results showed that SHLI increased the levels of serum histamine and tryptase in rats with allergic reaction; we determined 15 biomarkers in rat allergic reaction model induced by SHLI and found multiple metabolic pathways involved, such as metabolism of linolenic acid, phenylalanine, amino acid, 2-oxo acid, and purine and other metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Urine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Hypersensitivity , Urine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Histamine , Urine , Male , Metabolomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2808-2815, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324738

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The patients with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE) suffer from neurodevelopmental delay. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical manifestations and amplitude-integrated encephalogram (aEEG) characteristics of infants with EOEE with onset within the neonatal period, to make early diagnosis to improve the prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One-hundred and twenty-eight patients with neonatal seizure were enrolled and followed up till 1 year old. Sixty-six neonates evolved into EOEE were as the EOEE group, the other 62 were as the non-EOEE (nEOEE) group. Then we compared the clinical and aEEG characteristics between the two groups to analyze the manifestations in neonates with EOEE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the nEOEE group, the incidence of daily seizure attacks, more than two types of convulsions, more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) application, severely abnormal aEEG background, absence of cyclicity, and more than two seizures detection were significantly higher in the EOEE group (P < 0.05) (97% vs. 54.8%; 30.3% vs. 14.5%; 97.0% vs. 25.4%; 39.4% vs. 3.2%; 57.6% vs. 9.7%; and 56% vs. 3.2%, respectively). Severely abnormal background pattern (odds ratio [OR] = 0.081, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.009-0.729, P = 0.025) and more than two seizures detection by aEEG (OR = 0.158, 95% CI: 0.043-0.576, P = 0.005) were the independent risk factors for the evolvement into EOEE. The upper and lower margins of active sleep (AS) and quiet sleep (QS) were significantly higher in EOEE group than those of the control group (P < 0.05) (34.3 ± 13.6 vs. 21.3 ± 6.4; 9.9 ± 3.7 vs. 6.7 ± 2.2; 41.2 ± 15.1 vs. 30.4 ± 11.4; and 11.9 ± 4.4 vs. 9.4 ± 4.0; unit: μV, respectively). AS upper margin was demonstrated a higher diagnostic specificity and sensitivity for EOEE than another three parameters according to the receiver operating characteristic curves; the area under the curve was 0.827.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The clinical characteristics of the neonatal seizure which will evolve into EOEE were more than two AEDs application, high seizure frequency (daily attack), and more than two types of the seizure. Significant high voltage, severely abnormal background, absence of cyclicity, and more than two seizures detected on aEEG were the meaningful indicators to the prediction of EOEE.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350209

ABSTRACT

To explore the inhibitory effect of timosaponin AⅢ on the proliferation of human glioblastoma cell line U87MG and investigate its related mechanism. As compared with the model group, the tumor weight was significantly reduced in timosaponin AⅢ-treated group. Timosaponin AⅢinhibited the proliferation of U87MG cell line in a dose-dependent manner. It up-regulated the gene and protein expression levels of p21, meanwhile inhibited the protein expression levels of β-Catenin, Cyclin D1 and Bcl-2. It also inhibited the translocation of β-Catenin into nucleus, suppressed the phosphorylation expression of ERK, but increased the phosphorylation expression of p38 and JNK. Combined use of JNK inhibitor SP600125 and p38 inhibitor SB203580 could decrease p21 and increase β-Catenin protein expressions. Timosaponin AⅢ inhibited the proliferation of human glioblastoma cell line U87MG partly by intervening MAPK and Wnt/β-Catenin signal pathways.

14.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 643-648, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858739

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment effects of chronic ulcer in diabetic rats with asiaticosides. METHODS: Totally 38 male CL grade SD rats were randomly divided into normal group and model group, and were feed in metabolic cage separately. The low (22.29 mg·cm-2), medium (111.45 mg·cm-2) and high (222.93 mg·cm-2) dose of centella triterpenes cream were characterized and tested on excision ulcer wounds of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. After treatment, the weight, blood glucose, water intake and total urine output were measured in 3, 7, 10 and 14 d respectively. The wound healing rate was evaluated by image processing software of Adobe Photoshop CS5. Histopathological studies were conducted on the healed wound tissues to observe for epithelisation, fibroblast proliferation and angiogenesis. RESULTS: It was found that at all time points the areas of wounds treated with asiaticosides were smaller compared with the controls. The expression of weight, water intake, total urine output and blood glucose increased statistically in the model group (P<0.05).Pathological results showed much better healing efficacy for the test samples compared with the control ones(P<0.05). The middle dose of centella triterpenes cream was the best (P<0.01). Histopathological studies had also shown that centella triterpenes cream treated wounds exhibited re-epithelisation, higher fibroblast proliferation, collagen synthesis, and angiogenesis. At 14 days post excision, the medium centella triterpenes cream treated group achieved complete repair. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that asiaticosides may have a potential application in the treatment of diabetic ulcers and chronic wound healing.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272736

ABSTRACT

The metabonomic techniques were used to study the changes in endogenous metabolites between urines of rats in normal physiological conditions and bovine serum albumin induced allergic reactions, identify potential biomarkers associated with allergic reactions, and then analyze the metabolic pathways and the metabolic mechanisms of allergic reactions. The bovine serum albumin-induced allergic reactions in rats were adopted as a model to detect histamine and tryptase in rat serum and observe the issue morphology of lungs and trachea in rats. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was applied in metabonomic analysis on urines between control group and allergic reaction model group. Principal component analysis(PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were applied to observe the differences in metabolic profiling between urines of the two groups and select differential metabolites. There were significant differences in metabolism spectrum between the model group and the control group. Totally 14 differential metabolites and 4 major metabolic pathways were screened out. The metabonomic research method for urines of rats with bovine serum albumin-induced allergic reactions based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was established in this study. It was speculated that the mechanism of bovine serum albumin-induced allergic reactions may involve biosynthesis of isoflavone and folic acid and metabolism of tryptophan, nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. It lays a foundation for further exploration of the application of metabolomics in drug allergy reaction studies.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305326

ABSTRACT

Macrophages are heterogeneous and diversified, and can be polarized into different phenotypes in various microenvironments and physiological or pathological conditions. Major macrophage subpopulations including classically activated(M1) and alternatively activated(M2) macrophages, which represent different surface receptors, secret different cytokines and chemokines, are regulated by different signal paths of transcriptions and epigenetic levels, and play distinctive roles in tumor progress. TCMs may improve the microenvironment by regulating phenotype polarization of macrophages. So far, specific biomarkers and polarized molecules mechanisms generated through the macrophage polarization approach are still unclear. In this article, we merely summarize the advance in domestic and foreign studies on phenotype polarization of macrophages and regulatory mechanisms and look into the future of intervention with TCMs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Polarity , Humans , Macrophages , Physiology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Phenotype
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279213

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanisms of total flavonoid from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (TFGR) and its ingredient isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on their regulation of M2 phenotype polarization of macrophages. IL-4 (60 μg x L(-1)) induced RAW264.7 cells for 6 h to establish the M2 macrophage model. TFGR and ISL restrained breast cancer cells migration with the aid of M2 macrophages in vitro. TFGR and ISL inhibited gene and protein expression of Arg-1, up-regulated gene of HO-1 and protein expression of iNOS, enhanced the expression of microRNA 155 and its target gene SHIP1, meanwhile down-regulated.the phosphorylation of STAT3 and STAT6. So TFGR and ISL were the bioactive fraction and ingredient in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma to reverse M2 phenotype macrophages polarization. TFGR and ISL inhibited the promotion of M2 macrophages to breast cancer cells migration in vitro, STAT signal pathways and miR155 were partly involved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Polarity , Chalcones , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Interleukin-4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Rhizome , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346865

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the anti-inflammatory mechanism of total flavonoids of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (TFGR) and its ingredient on IFN-gamma and LPS-induced macrophage RAW264.7.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Solvent extraction and macroporous resin enrichment were adopted for preparing ethanol extracts of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, components and total flavonoids. Ultraviolet spectroscopy was used to determine the content of total flavonoids. An IFN-gamma and LPS-induced cell inflammatory model was established. Griess reaction was used for detecting the effect of extracts at all levels and flavonoid monomers on nitrite content in cell culture supernatant. FRAP was used for measuring anti-oxidation capacity. RT-PCR was used for determining the effect of TFGR and isoliquiritigenins on intracellular inducible nitric oxide synthase iNOS, COX-2, IL-6 and PPAR-gamma. Western blot was used for detecting the effect of TFGR and isoliquiritigenins on iNOS, COX-2 and MAPK signal transduction pathways.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with other extracts, ethyl acetate fractions from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma showed the highest inhibition ratio on nitrite content at the same concentration. After being enriched with macroporous resin, TFGR (60. 08% of liquiritin) of ethyl acetate extracts from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma showed dose-dependence, and inhibited the nitrite content in cell culture supernatant, which was superior to ethyl acetate extracts, and had the protective effect on post-stimulated cell activity, with a stronger total anti-oxidation than other extracts. TFGR inhibited iNOS, IL-6 mRNA, protein expressions of iNOS, COX-2 and IL-6. Isoliquiritigenin, a flavonoid monomer, could inhibited iNOS, COX-2 gene and protein expression and gene expressions of IL-1beta and IL-6, and upside-regulated gene expression of PPAR-gamma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Activity-oriented extraction suggests that ethyl acetate fractions from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is one of components with anti-inflammatory activity. TFGR obtained by enriching the active component showed dose-dependence, and inhibited the nitrite content in cell culture supernatant. The anti-inflammatory effect is partially achieved by regulating ERK signal pathway and inhibiting iNOS and COX-2 gene and protein expressions through extracellular signals of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Specifically, isoliquiritigenin may be a component with TFGR anti-inflammatory activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Rhizome , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355776

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the acceptability and influence factors of early antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) .</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June to August 2012, through convenience sampling, HIV-positive MSM who were willing to cooperate with the survey were selected from the Hangzhou and Ningbo AIDS prevention and control database. A total of 280 HIV-positive MSM who did not receive ART participated in the study.Using self-designed questionnaire, general demographic information, awareness of AIDS knowledge, sexual behavior, use of condom, current physical condition, awareness and attitude towards early ART were investigated.Excluding 60 HIV-infected MSM whose CD4(+)T count didn't meet the inclusion criteria, a total of 220 subjects were included in the analysis. Chi-square was used to compare the difference of early ART acceptance among subjects with different characteristics.Non-conditional logistic regression was used to analyze the influence factors of the acceptability of early ART.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The acceptance rate of early ART among HIV-infected MSM was 62.7% (138/220). Delaying the disease development, preventing partners from infection, not worrying others to suspect them of having HIV, and partners unknowing the HIV-infected status were the factors which had a relatively higher acceptance rate of early ART. Correspondingly, the acceptance rate was 68.8% (130/189), 68.7% (103/150), 78.4% (69/88) and 72.5% (74/102) respectively and the acceptance rate among subjects with opposite opinions or characteristics was 24.1% (7/29) , 50.0% (30/60), 52.7% (68/129) and 45.8% (58/107) respectively (chi-square values were 21.46, 6.43, 14.84 7.55, all P values <0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that delaying the disease development (OR = 11.50, 95%CI:3.29-40.22) and preventing partners from infection (OR = 3.72, 95%CI:1.53-9.03) were inclined to the acceptance of early ATR.While concerning others' suspection of them having HIV (OR = 0.19, 95%CI:0.08-0.48) and partners knowing the HIV-infected status were inclined to unacceptance of ART(OR = 0.31, 95%CI:0.13-0.70).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The acceptability of early ART among HIV-positive MSM is high. The recognition of early ART and concern of privacy leak are the major influence factors which can stimulate the acceptance of early ART.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , HIV Infections , Drug Therapy , Psychology , Homosexuality, Male , Psychology , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236809

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between the degree of white matter damage and changes in brain function in premature infants early after birth according to amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) and raw EEG (with burst-suppression patterns).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-eight premature infants of less than 32 weeks' gestational age and with white matter damage, including 20 cases of mild white matter damage and 18 cases of severe white matter damage, were included in the study. Forty-two premature infants without white matter damage were selected as a control group. After birth, they were examined using aEEG and brain ultrasound once a week until four weeks after birth or a corrected gestational age of 32 weeks. The white matter damage and control groups were compared in terms of aEEG patterns and amplitudes and burst suppression ratio (BSR) on EEG.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The white matter damage and control groups had highly discontinuous patterns and had no complete sleep cycles. The lower amplitude was significantly smaller in the severe white matter damage subgroup than in the mild white matter damage subgroup and control group. There was alternating burst-suppression activity on the raw EEG in the white matter damage and control groups; and the severe white matter damage subgroup had a significantly longer suppression time and a significantly higher BSR on EEG compared with the mild white matter damage subgroup and control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Brain function monitoring should be performed in premature infants with white matter damage early after birth so as to detect cases of severe white matter damage in time.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain , Pathology , Electroencephalography , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Physiology , Leukomalacia, Periventricular
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