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1.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 620-623, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of previous intestinal resection on anastomotic fistula within 30 days after surgery in Crohn′s disease.Methods:The clinical data from 92 Crohn′s disease patients who underwent intestinal resection and anastomosis at the Department of General Surgery in Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from Jan 2016 to Sep 2019. Patients were divided into no previous intestinal resection group ( n=45) and previous intestinal resection group ( n=47). The relationship between previous intestinal resection and postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with intestinal resection and anastomosis was analyzed. Results:A total of 11 cases (12% leak rate) underwent postoperative anastomotic leak. There were 2 leaks in patients with no previous history of intestinal resection, while 9 leaks in patients with previous bowel resection (χ 2 =4.722, P=0.03). The OR of the postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with previous intestinal resection compared with no previous intestinal resection group was 5.092 (95% CI: 1.035-25.048). Patients with 1 previous resection (24 cases) had a leak rate of 13%, whereas patients with >1 previous resection episodes (23 cases) had a leak rate of 26%. The number of previous resection episodes correlated with an increasing risk for clinical anastomotic leak (correlation coefficien r=0.995). Conclusions:Previous intestinal resection is an independent risk factor for ensuing postoperative anastomotic leak in Crohn′s disease patients with intestinal resection and anastomosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 720-724, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic surgery for pelvic radiation induced enteritis (PRIE).Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted The clinical data of 66 patients with PRIE who were admitted to the Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command from January 2012 to December 2015 were collected.Laparoscopic surgery will be applied to patients based on patients' clinical manifestations after completing relative examinations.Observation indicators:(1) surgical situations:surgical method,conversion to open surgery,reoperation,surgical incision length,grade of abdominal adhesions,surgical time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,duration of postoperative hospital stay;(2) occurrence of surgical complications;(3) follow-up situations.Follow-up using telephone interview was performed to detect patients' survival and recurrence of PRIE up to April 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s.Results (1) Surgical situations:① of 59 patients with small intestinal obstruction,11underwent laparoscopic small intestinal resection or enterostomy,including 2 with conversion to open surgery due to dense adhesions,1 due to uncertainty of tumor recurrence and 1 due to intestinal canal dilatation affected vision;48 underwent laparoscopic resection of ileocecum,including 1 1 with conversion to open surgery due to dense adhesions,2 due to iliac vessels injury and 4 due to injuries of sigmoid colon,rectum and bladder.Four patients with colonic obstruction and proctitis underwent laparoscopic colostomy,without conversion to open surgery.One patient received conversional open surgery and underwent intestinal resection of internal fistula + exclusion of rectal stump due to intestine-rectum fistula induced dense adhesions.One patient with anal atresia underwent laparoscope-assisted resection of pelvic tissues and rectal stump.One patient with localized peritonitis underwent laparoscope-assisted ileostomy.② Among 66 patients,4 received reoperations,including 2 with cervical cancer and 2 with rectal cancer,reoperations of 4 patients were respectively caused by intestine-rectum fistula,rectovaginal fistula,anastomotic fistula and ostomy + stoma reversion.Of 4 patients with reoperations,1 received conversion to open surgery due to dense adhesions and then underwent intestinal resection of internal fistula+exclusion of rectal stump,1 with rectovaginal fistula underwent laparoscopic colostomy,1 with anastomotic fistula underwent resection and anastomosis of small intestine due to dense adhesions and 1 underwent laparoscopic ileostomy and stoma reversion.③ Sixty-six patients received 70 operations,including 46 laparoscopic surgeries and 24 conversion to open surgeries.Surgical incision length and average length were respectively 3.0-6.0 cm,4.0 cm in 46 laparoscopic surgeries and 8.0-25.0 cm,15.5 cm in 24 conversion to open surgeries.Grade 0,1,2 and 3 of abdominal adhesions were detected respectively in 7,13,13,13 laparoscopic surgeries and in 1,1,12,10 conversion to open surgeries.Operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and duration of postoperative hospital stay were respectively (128±50) minutes,(108±56) mL,(30± 15)days in 46 laparoscopic surgeries and (173±44) minutes,(222± 105) mL,(38± 19) days in 24 conversion to open surgeries.(2) Occurrence of surgical complications:1 patient was complicated with bladder injury in 46 laparoscopic surgeries,and 2,4 and 2 patients in 24 conversion to open surgeries were respectively complicated with bladder injury,colorectal injury and injury of right iliac vessels,they received intraoperative symptomatic treatment.Two,3,3,6 and 1 patients were respectively complicated with pleural effusion,wound infection or dehiscence,venous catheter infection,anastomotic fistula and cholestatic cholecystitis after 46 laparoscopic surgeries.One,5,1,4,2 and 1 were respectively complicated with pleural effusion,wound infection or dehiscence,venous catheter infection,anastomotic fistula,cholestatic cholecystitis and abdominal wall hemorrhage after 24 conversion to open surgeries.They were improved by symptomatic treatment.(3) Follow-up situations:all the 66 patients were followed up for 4-50 months,with a median time of 26 months.During the follow-up,3 patients died of intraperitoneal infection,short bowel syndrome and pulmonary infection,and 3 patients had PRIE.Conclusion The appropriate surgical method is selected based on clinical manifestations of patients,and laparoscopic surgery is safe and feasible for PRIE.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 930-933, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607857

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of human acellular dermal matrix (HADM) in giant complex abdominal wall reconstruction (GCAWR) after open abdomen.Methods The retrospective crosssectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 6 patients with severe trauma who were admitted to the Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command of Nanjing University School of Medicine between January 2013 and January 2014 were collected.After open abdomen,fascia of the abdominal wall was fully freed using the component separation,and abdominal wall defects were reconstructed using HADM in the rectus abdominis anterior sheath and peritoneal layers bridge-type suture.Observation indicators:(1) intra-and post-operative situations:operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,removal time of postoperative drainage-tube,postoperative complications,duration of hospital stay and hospital expenses;(2) follow-up situations:recurrence of abdominal wall hernia at postoperative year 2.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect the recurrence of abdominal wall hernia up to April 2016.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as ~±s.Results (1) Intra-and post-operative situations:6 patients underwent successful surgery.Operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and removal time of postoperative drainage-tube were respectively (77±9)minutes,(225±57)mL and (8±3)days.Two patients with postoperative seroma were cured by conservative treatment.One patient with postoperative anastomotic leakage received continuously irrigation and drainage,and leakage was stopped using the biomedical fibrin glue.There was no abdominal bulge of the 6 patients in hospital.Duration of hospital stay and hospital expenses were respectively (10±3) days and (12±7) × 104 yuan.(2) Follow-up situations:6 patients were followed up for 14-28 months,with a median time of 23 months.Two patients had relaxation and bulge of HADM in peritoneal layer at postoperative 2 years,without bulge of HADM in the rectus abdominis anterior sheath layer.There were no occurrence of abdominal wall hernia,chronic pain,paraesthesia,swelling in the local area and other adverse reaction.Conclusion Using of HADM in the rectus abdominis anterior sheath and peritoneal layers bridge-type suture is safe and feasible for GCAWR,with good short-term outcomes.

4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 150-153, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496711

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of acellular dermal matrix (ADM) for abdominal closure to prevent abdominal high pressure after intestinal transplantation.Method ADM was used for abdominal closure following intestinal transplantation in a 17-year-old man with ultra-short bowel syndrome.Two ADMs with 12 cm 20 cm were reconstituted intraoperatively with warm sterile normal saline.After flattened under peritoneum,the ADM was pruned and then sewn to the muscular layer of abdominal wall by interrupted transfixing suture with absorbable suture.A negative pressure drainage tube was placed over an area of native fascia in the subcutaneous space.Skin and soft tissues were closed by interrupted suture.Result The intra-abdominal pressure was not higher than 7 cmH2O 90 h post-operation.The ventilator has been withdrawn 18 h after operation.Enternal nutrition was given from postoperative day 6.He required surgical exploration for abdominal abscess on the postoperative day 19.The ADM closely adhered to the abdominal wall and no abscess in abdomen was related to ADM.Conclusion ADM can be safely used for abdominal closure and effectively prevent intraabdominal high pressure in this intestinal transplantation.No infection or graft loss occurred in the early postoperative period.More observations are needed to study the long-term results and complications in the future.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2771-2775, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509017

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application effect of de-escalation thinking shift mode in emergency condition of morning shift meeting. Methods Guided by the de-escalation thinking, critical ill patients transfer tables were established in the emergency department, patients admitted into the emergency resuscitation room were selected from January 2015 to December 2015, and divided into the observation group (329 cases) and the control group ( 310 cases) . Patients in the control group applied the traditional oral shift meeting mode by the bed to check the patient; patients in the observation group applied the de-escalation thinking shift mode of morning shift meeting, followed by the specification of morning shift process and content; additionally, the cooperation of nursing staff, the transfer of nursing adverse events, nurses awareness of the patient′s condition, the patient satisfaction survey were counted before and after the implementation, respectively. Results Chinese version of Nursing Assessment Shift Report (NASR) was used to evaluate the cooperation status between the two sides of nursing staffs, and the mean scores of nursing staffs were 60.50±1.80 and 78.20±2.50 in the control group and the observation group, respectively, showing statistical significance (t=14.23, P<0.01);before application, corresponding statistical results regarding the shift meeting related nursing adverse events showed that there were 5 cases of infusion prolapse/leakage, 2 cases of pressure ulcer, 3 cases of pipe extrusion, and 2 cases of delayed drug delivery;after application, there were 2 cases of infusion prolapse/leakage, 0 case of pressure ulcer, 1 case of pipe extrusion, and 1 case of delayed drug delivery;comparison results showed significantly statistical difference (χ2=1.76-6.74, P<0.05). Before application, assessment results regarding the mean scores of nurses awareness of the patient's condition showed that mean scores of patients′ state of illness, test results, current treatment, potential risk, and nursing focus were 3.83 ± 0.62, 3.16 ± 0.64, 4.17 ± 0.36, 3.47 ± 1.26, and 3.64 ± 1.10, respectively;and after application, mean scores of patients′state of illness, test results, current treatment, potential risk, and nursing focus were 4.71 ± 0.27, 4.53±0.66, 4.89 ± 0.10, 4.50 ± 0.61, and 4.72 ± 0.43, respectively;the differences were statistically significant (t=-8.86--3.35, P<0.05). Furthermore, patient satisfaction with nursing staff in emergency department was improved from 91.6%(284/310) to 96.0%(316/329)(χ2 =25.74,P<0.05). Conclusions The application of de-escalation thinking shift mode in emergency condition of morning shift meeting may contribute to the specification of the transfer process, improvement of nursing work efficiency, and finally result in the promotion of patients′safety and teamwork.

6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 422-426, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the feasibility and possible superiority of laparoscopic surgery for chronic adhesive small bowel obstruction(CASBO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 36 CASBO patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery in Jinling Hospital from March 2011 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. In addition, 36 cases, matched by age, gender, previous abdominal surgery history, body mass index(BMI) and abdominal adhesion grade, who underwent open surgery from April 2007 to February 2011 were used as controls. General information, operative findings and short-term outcomes were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). Among 36 cases in laparoscopic surgery group, 17 underwent complete laparoscopic surgery, 10 underwent laparoscopic assisted surgery and 9 were converted to open surgery, respectively. The conversion rate was 25%(9/36). Reason of laparoscopic assisted surgery in 3 cases was uncertainty of small bowel injury, in 5 cases was further dissection of intra-loop adhesion and in 2 cases was intestinal resection. Reasons for conversion were small bowel injury in 3 cases and severe adbesion at the abdominal wall in 6 cases. There were no differences between two groups in terms of adhesion score, intra-operative blood loss, operation time, need for small bowel resection, total hospital charge and intra- or post-operational complications. As compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery significantly shortened the incision length [median 2 (0 to 10) cm vs. 12(7 to 16) cm, P=0.000], and hospital stay [median 5 (2 to 28) days vs. 7 (4 to 26) days, P=0.001], and improved postoperative recovery of bowel movement [median 2(1 to 20) days vs. 3 (2 to 10) days, P=0.001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Laparoscopic surgery can improve postoperative recovery of CASBO with similar morbidity as open surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , General Surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Body Mass Index , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Intestinal Obstruction , General Surgery , Intestine, Small , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies
7.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 542-545, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492463

ABSTRACT

Radiation proctitis is one of the complications after radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies.Surgery is not necessary for the most of radiation proctitis.However, surgery is unavoidable when rectal obstruction, uncontrollable bleeding, and fistula occur. This article reviews the progress in surgical treatment of radiation proctitis.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 144-147, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491971

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigat the changes of hemodynamics and arterial blood gas during the establishment of ECMO model and provide an ideal platform for the study of the mechanism of DCD protection using ECMO, a porcine model of controlled donors of cardiac death (CDCD) with extracorporeal support was established in the paper. Methods Eight domestic crossbred pigs were anes-thetized, atracurium (1mg/kg) and heparin (150~200 U/kg) was administered and the ventilator was discontinued while the animal was under deep anesthesia to kill the animal.Meanwhile, blood was drained from the left jugular vein catheter into the ECMO circuit and re-turned into the left femoral artery to establish the porcine model of CDCD with extracorporeal support . The average blood press and arterial blood gas were ministered at normal, cardiac arrest and ECMO supporting 1 h, 3 h and 5 h. Results The model of CDCD with extra-corporeal support was established successfully.Two animals restored the beating of the heart and the high doses of potassium chloride were given untill cardiac arrest during extracorporeal support.Blood gases throughout the apneic time showed a severe hypoxemia and acidosis, pH and PaO2 reduced to 7.09 ±0.24 and 5.3 ±0.93mmHg respective-ly, which can be improved during extracorporeal support.MAP and PaO2 were maintained over 300mmHg and 65mmHg respectively. Conclusion A new porcine model of controlled donors of cardiacdeath with extracorporeal support has been successfully established and showed to be feasible for related pathophysiological research work.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 388-391, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486054

ABSTRACT

[Abstract ] Objective Pelvic radiation disease(PRD) is multiple injuries in more than one organ resulted by pelvic radio-therapy.Patients have the symptoms of frequent feces and fecal incontinence after the resection of small bowel lesion .Sugeries on PRD patients were mainly distal ileum and ilieocecal valve resections , while the most susceptible part of pelvic radiation injury is rectum . However , little research has been done concerning PRD patients′anorectal functions .This study was mainly to evaluate the anorectal function of cervical cancer patients with PRD in order to provide evidence for the therapy and prognosis of PRD . Methods Cervical cancer patients with PRD in need of small bowel resection who hospitalized in our department from January 2014 to January 2015 were collected as patient group , while people from outpatient physical exam group were selected as control group according to the exclusion criteria of hypertension , diabetes, constipation and unrelaxed pelvic floor syndrome .PDR group and control group were matched according to age.All subjects underwent colonoscopy and anorectal manometry .Rectal radiation injury was estimated on the basis of colonoscopy results.Anorectal manometry results of PRD group and control group were analysised statistically . Results PRD group and control group both included 20 women without stenosis or obstruction in rectum .Significant difference was found between PRD group and con-trol group in anal resting pressure (47.23 ±9.08 mmHg vs 58.25 ±9.24 mmHg, P<0.05), anal maximum squeezing pressure (47.23 ±9.08 mmHg vs 58.25 ±9.24 mmHg, P<0.01), anal distension pressure (23.30 ±12.49 mmHg vs 39.10 ±9.99 mmHg, P<0.01), rectal defecation pressure(22.85 ±16,69 mmHg vs 50.90 ±9.14 mmHg, P<0.01) and maximum tolerated rectal volume (112.85 ±51.34 mL vs 173.50 ±48.15 mL, P<0.01).There was no significant difference between the two groups as to the lenghth of functional sphincters(P=0.313),rectum initial threshold(P=0.416) and rectal defecation threshold(P=0.161). Conclusion Ionization radiation that injures PRD patients′internal anal sphincters and external anal sphincters also reduces maximum tolerated rec -tal volumes preoperatively .It′s necessary to assess the muscles and nerve functions of anorectum before intestinal surgery in order to make a proper operation plan which will improve PRD patients′life quality.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 688-693, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488884

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) on the small bowel preservation in a porcine model of controlled donors after cardiac death (CDCD).Method The domestic crossbred donor pigs were anesthetized and ventilated with 100% oxyger.An intravenous cannula was placed through iliac arteries and jugular vein,and connected to ECMO system.The ECMO was performed to infuse abdominal organs when cardiac death was declared.Pathology,electron microscope,energy metabolism and cell apoptosis level of intestinal mucosa were evaluated before operation,in cardiac death and at the end of extracorporeal support,respectively.Result The normothermic extracorporeal support could quickly restore graft blood supply and oxygenation.One-h extracorporeal support could improve the energy status in intestine of donation after cardiac death (DCD).The histologic damage and apoptosis of 1-h extracorporeal support had no significant difference with those before operation and in cardiac death (P>0.05).With the extension of extracorporeal support,the intestinal mucosa damage degree was gradually increased,and the content of adenosine triphosphate in intestinal mucosa reduced gradually.Conclusion The normothermic extracorporeal support for 1 h in DCD is beneficial for improving the viability of small bowel.However,the integrity of intestinal mucosa is destroyed gradually as extracorporeal supporting time over,which may be initiated by the activation of intestinal epithelial apoptosis.

11.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 40-42,43, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore and study how to use information technology to carry out quality management of medical device applications. Methods:The medical device applications through the existing problems in quality management analysis to identify the use of information technology solutions, and design information software system functional modules, workflow and so on. Results:The design and development of a set of used medical equipment application of quality management file system, including the realization of medical equipment maintenance management, measurement and management, risk management, adverse events, procedures, technical training, preventive maintenance (PM), use of evaluation and many other functions. Conclusion:The system of medical device applications of organic quality management of all aspects together, reflecting the quality control throughout the life cycle management concept, conform biomedical engineering disciplines in the future development direction of the hospital to meet the quality management of medical device applications work of the new requirements.

12.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 49-51,52, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598800

ABSTRACT

Objective:The use of information technology and other modern technological means to help with the work and management of medical equipment acceptance. Methods:The practice of acceptance of work experience in the past, learn from foreign advanced device management tools, the key elements of the current acceptance and processes are analyzed to design a suitable computer software acceptance path expression, and through information technology to express. Results:The design and development of a set of guidance and management of medical devices for acceptance of information management systems, including acceptance of the affairs and business management, inspection results of queries, forms, templates and setting vendor channel management will be incorporated into the entire inspection system medium. Conclusion:This system will be a good acceptance of the original complex medical devices work becomes simplistic, practical, improve the efficiency of the inspection work, through a large number of templates, forms and application process, to further standardize the medical equipment inspection. Meanwhile, the system's design, conform to the disciplines of biomedical engineering in the future direction of development, but also to meet the hospital's medical equipment acceptance of new work management requirements.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 486-489, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437761

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficiency of humanized anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody (Campath-1H) and anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody (Zenapax) induction therapy in intestinal transplantation patients.Method The data of 6 patients receiving Campath-1H and 5 patients receving Zenapax induction therapy in intestinal transplantation between 2007 and 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.The counts of peripheral blood lymphocytes and monocytes,incidence of rejection and infention,and liver and kidney toxicity of recipients were recorded before and 3 months after transplantation.Results Of 6 intestinal transplantation patients receiving Campath-1H induction therapy,1 died of acute heart failure on the postoperative day 3,and the rest 5 patients had a powerful depletion of lymphocytes and monocytes in 8 weeks,followed by gradual increases after 8 weeks.The percentage of peripheral blood CD3 + T cells,CD4 + T cells,and CD8 + T cells was dropped to 5% before administration,and remained at a steady low level in the first 8 weeks after induction.Of 5 patients receiving Zenapax induction therapy,1 died of Aspergillus infection on the postoperative day 25,and the rest 4 patients had an obeivous increase of lymphocytes and monocytes on the postoperative day 1.Counts of lymphocytes and monocytes kept steady at normal levels from the 1st to 12th week.One case of mild rejection was found in Campath-1H group.One case of mild,one moderate and one severe rejection were detected in Zenapax group.All rejections were successfully cured by prompt anti-rejection therapy.There were no significant difference in serum creatimine,urea nitrogen,alanine aminotransferase or total bilirubin after 3 months in comparison to preoperation.Conclusion Both Campath-1H induction therapy and Zenapax induction therapy successfully induce immune tolerance in patients with intestinal transplantation.Campath-1H seems to offer better immunosuppression against Zenapax during the first 3 months posttransplantation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 411-420, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264174

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the control rate of risk factors of chronic disease, it is developed a status control method of risk factor and its mobile monitor. The monitor uses 32 bit RISC microprocessor of S3C2410X as a controller based on ARM920T core, and MC35i cellular engine GSM/GPRS supported by SIEMENS as the communication unit. The proving tests show that the physical activity, diet, smoking and alcohol of the controlled people can be controlled using the status control method, and the monitor plays a key role in the method. The conclusion is that status control method and mobile monitor can become an alternation method and technology for the risk factor control of chronic disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Equipment Design , Monitoring, Physiologic , Methods , Risk Factors
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