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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785323

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a rare catecholamine-producing tumor with the incidence in hypertension of 0.1-0.6%. PCC crisis is an endocrine emergency that can lead to hemodynamic disturbance and organ failure such as catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy. The circulatory collapse caused by it often requires mechanical support. The author reports an unusual case in which a patient who previously underwent surgery for malignant PCC developed catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, and successfully recovered using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Emergencies , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Pheochromocytoma , Shock , Shock, Cardiogenic
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224801

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare, poorly differentiated malignancy arising from the intimal layer of the pulmonary artery. Contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) is a good diagnostic modality that shows a low-attenuation filling defect of the pulmonary artery in PAS patients. An 18-year-old man was referred to our hospital for the evaluation and management of cavitary pulmonary lesions that did not respond to treatment. A contrast-enhanced CT of the chest was performed, which showed a filling defect within the right interlobar pulmonary artery. The patient underwent a curative right pneumonectomy after confirmation of PAS. Although lung parenchymal lesions of PAS are generally nonspecific, it can be presented as cavities indicate pulmonary infarcts. Clinicians must consider the possibility of PAS as well as pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with pulmonary infarcts. So, we report the case with PAS that was diagnosed during the evaluation of cavitary pulmonary lesions and reviewed the literatures.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Lung , Pneumonectomy , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Embolism , Pulmonary Infarction , Sarcoma , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155552

ABSTRACT

Catamenial hemoptysis is a rare condition, characterized by recurrent hemoptysis associated with the presence of intrapulmonary or endobronchial endometrial tissue. Therapeutic strategies proposed for intrapulmonary endometriosis with catamenial hemoptysis consist of medical treatments and surgery. Bronchial artery embolization is a well-established modality in the management of massive or recurrent hemoptysis, but has seldom been used for the treatment of catamenial hemoptysis. We report a case of catamenial hemoptysis associated with pulmonary parenchymal endometriosis, which was successfully treated by a bronchial artery embolization.


Subject(s)
Bronchial Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endometriosis , Female , Hemoptysis
4.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 651-654, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151946

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease. In patients with SLE, the prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies is considerably higher, and is largely responsible for thrombosis. Splenic infarction is a rare complication of arterial thrombosis in patients with SLE. It is important to consider splenic infarction in a patient with SLE complaining of left upper quadrant (LUQ) pain because of the possibility of severe infarction-related complications, such as subcapsular hemorrhage and splenic rupture. We report a case of solitary splenic infarction in a patient with SLE. The only symptom was LUQ pain of 3-day duration. Lupus anticoagulant activity was positive and abdominal-pelvic computed tomography (CT) was consistent with splenic infarction. She did not show any other evidence of thrombotic events. The patient was diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome that presented as a splenic infarction in a SLE patient.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Autoimmune Diseases , Hemorrhage , Humans , Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Prevalence , Splenic Infarction , Splenic Rupture , Thrombosis
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the lung is a common site of metastasis, endobronchial metastases (EBM) from extrathoracic malignancies are rare. Previous studies were retrospective reviews of the cases from each single institute, and the last one was performed between 1992 and 2002. We evaluated the characteristics of patients with EBM who had been diagnosed in recent 10 years in our hospital. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1,275 patients who had undergone diagnostic bronchoscopic procedures between 2001 and 2011. An EBM was defined as bronchoscopically notable lesion, which was histopathologically identical to the primary tumor. RESULTS: A total of 18 cases of EBM were identified. The mean age was 53 years, and 12 cases of the 18 patients were female. The most common primary malignancies were colorectal cancer and breast cancer (4 cases each), followed by cervix cancer (3 cases) and renal cell carcinoma (2 cases). Cough was the most common symptom. The most common radiologic finding was atelectasis, which was identified in 27.7% of the cases. The median interval from the diagnosis of primary malignancy to the diagnosis of EBM was 14 months (range, 0-112 months). The median survival time from the diagnosis of EBM was 10 months (range, 1-39 months). CONCLUSION: EBM from extrathoracic malignancies were rare. Colorectal cancer and breast cancer were common as primary malignancies. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy should be performed in all patients, who are suspected of having EBM. If atypical clinical and pathological features are present, appropriate diagnostic studies should be undertaken.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cough , Female , Humans , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pulmonary Atelectasis , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
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