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1.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385794

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Orthognathic surgery is performed for the correction of craniofacial discrepancies. However, complications, such as tooth discoloration are possible. This case report presents two patients who underwent bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy associated with segmental Le Fort I osteotomy and genioplasty. During surgeries, the apical region of anterior teeth was accidentally injured in both cases. After three-week surgery follow-up, the injured teeth showed a change in color to dark pink. In both teeth, the root canal treatment was performed followed by the non vital tooth bleaching. Three sessions were necessary to achieve a significant color change of the teeth. The two-year follow-up showed that both teeth preserved an acceptable color. It was concluded that tooth discoloration after orthognathic surgery is a possible complication, which could be overcome following a conservative approach. Additionally, patients should be informed preoperatively.


RESUMEN: La cirugía ortognática es comúnmente realizada para corregir las discrepancias cráneo-faciales. Sin embargo, se pueden producir complicaciones tales como la pigmentación dentaria. Este reporte de casos presenta a dos pacientes que fueron sometidos osteotomía sagital bilateral de la rama mandibular asociada a osteotomía segmentaria Le Fort I y genioplastía. Durante la fase quirúrgica, la región apical de dientes anteriores fueron accidentalmente dañados en ambos casos. Después de tres semanas de seguimiento de la cirugía, los dientes afectados mostraron un cambio de color a rosado oscuro. Se realizó el tratamiento de conductos seguido de aclaramiento interno en ambas piezas dentarias. Fueron necesarias tres sesiones para lograr un cambio de color significativo. El seguimiento de dos años mostró que ambos dientess conservaron un color aceptable. En conclusión, la pigmentación dentaria después de la cirugía ortognática es una posible complicación, sin embargo, puede ser tratada por medio de un enfoque conservador. Además, los pacientes deben ser informados antes de la cirugía.

2.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 23(3): 216-222, 20210920.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292773

ABSTRACT

Alternative whitening strategies to hydrogen peroxide have been proposed, such as the inclusion of abrasive and/or pigmented particles in the toothpaste. This study compared the whitening effectiveness of a toothpaste containing Blue Covarine (BC) vs. an in-office whitening treatment using 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) in teeth stained. Bovine incisors blocks (6.0x6.0x2.0 mm) were stained with green tea (GT), orange soda (OS), or red wine (RW). The samples were randomly assigned into 8 groups (n=15), according to the type of staining and whitening treatment: G1 ­ no staining, BC (Control); G2 ­ no staining, HP (Control); G3 ­ GT, BC; G4 ­ GT, HP; G5 ­ OS, BC; G6 ­ OS, HP; G7 ­ RW, BC; G8 ­ RW, HP. Color change (ΔE), luminosity (L*), green-red axis (a*), and blue-yellow axis (b*) were recorded with spectroscopy at T0 ­ baseline, T1 ­ immediately after toothbrushing or in office tooth whitening, and T2 ­ after the conclusion of the treatments. The whiteness index for dentistry (WID) was calculated. Data were analyzed by two-way repeated measured mixed ANOVA and Bonferroni test (α=0.05). HP showed a better whitening performance (ΔE) (p ≤ 0.042). Otherwise, no effects of the whitening agent were observed (p = 1.000). Data from ΔL, Δa, and Δb showed statistically significant differences for experimental groups (p < 0.001). In the WID analysis, BC and HP had similar effects within control and RW groups. In conclusion, blue covarine toothpaste may be a viable option for extrinsically stained teeth. However, for severe staining, HP-based whitening agents proved to be the most effective treatment strategy. (AU)


Estratégias de clareamento alternativas ao peróxido de hidrogênio têm sido propostas, como a inclusão de partículas abrasivas e/ou pigmentadas nos cremes dentais. Este estudo comparou a eficácia clareadora de um creme dental contendo Blue Covarine (BC) com um tratamento de clareamento em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% (HP) em dentes pigmentados. Blocos de incisivos bovinos (6,0x6,0x2,0 mm) foram pigmentados com chá verde (GT), refrigerante de laranja (OS) ou vinho tinto (RW). As amostras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em 8 grupos (n = 15), de acordo com o tipo de pigmento e tratamento clareador: G1 - sem coloração, CB (Controle); G2 - sem coloração, HP (Controle); G3 - GT, BC; G4 - GT, HP; G5 - OS, BC; G6 - SO, HP; G7 - RW, BC; G8 - RW, HP. Mudança de cor (ΔE), luminosidade (L *), eixo verde-vermelho (a*) e eixo azul-amarelo (b*) foram registrados com espectroscopia em T0 - baseline, T1 - imediatamente após a escovação ou clareamento dental em consultório, e T2 - após a conclusão dos tratamentos. O índice de brancura para odontologia (WID) foi calculado. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA mista de duas vidas para medidas repetidas e teste de Bonferroni (α = 0,05). HP apresentou melhor desempenho de clareamento (ΔE) (p ≤ 0,042). Os dados de ΔL, Δa e Δb mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas para os grupos experimentais (p <0,001). Na análise WID, BC e HP tiveram efeitos semelhantes nos grupos controle e RW. Em conclusão, o creme dental covarine azul pode ser uma opção viável para dentes com coloração extrínseca. No entanto, para manchas graves, os agentes de clareamento à base de HP provaram ser a estratégia de tratamento mais eficaz. (AU)

3.
Dent. press endod ; 10(1): 32-37, Jan-Apr2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344152

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a resistência flexural e a adaptação marginal dos materiais restauradores provisórios Clip F (CF),Bifix Temp (BT), Systemp.onlay (SO), Fill Magic Tempo (FT) e Provi Master F (PF), na dentina da coroa dentária de dentes tratados endodonticamente. Métodos: Inicial-mente, foram confeccionados dez espécimes de cada um dos materiais restauradores, que foram individualmente submetidos ao teste de resistência flexural, na máquina de ensaio eletromecânica. Para avaliar a adaptação marginal,a câmara pulpar de cinquenta pré-molares superiores foi restaurada com um dos materiais avaliados (n=10). Após sete dias, a interface entre a dentina e o material restaurador, no terço médio da coroa dentária, foi submetida à análise em microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A extensão de desadaptação dos materiais e os gaps formados com a dentina foram mensurados com o software Image J.Resultados: CF e BT demonstraram o maior e o menor valor de resistência flexural, respectivamente (p<0,05).Os valores demonstrados por SO, FT e PF foram similares entre si (p>0,05). Por outro lado, CF demonstrou a menor extensão de desadaptação marginal (em porcentagem)e extensão de gaps (em µm) (p<0,05) na interface com a dentina. BT apresentou valor intermediário, mas menor do que os dos SO, FT e PF (p<0,05) que, por sua vez, foram similares entre si (p>0,05). Conclusões: O CF demonstrou o maior índice de resistência flexural e menor extensão de desadaptação marginal e gaps, em comparação aos demais materiais restauradores provisórios (AU).


Objectve: This study evaluated the flexural strength and marginal adaptation of Clip F (CF), Bifix Temp (BT), Systemp.onlay (SO), Fill Magic Tempo (FT) and Provi Master F (PF) in endodontically-treated coronal dentin. Methods: Firstly, ten specimens of each restorative material were prepared, and submitted to flexural strength test using eletromechanical testing machine. Then, the pulp chamber of 50 maxillary premolar were restored using one of the provisional restorative materials (n = 10) in order to evaluate the marginal desadaptation extension. After 7 days, the interface between dentin and temporary restorative material, in crown middle third, was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (500X). Marginal desadaptation and gaps extensions in dentin-temporary restorations interface were measured using Image J software. Results: CF and BT presented the highest and the lowest flexural strength values, respectively (p <0.05). SO, FT and PF showed similar values (p> 0.05). In relation to marginal desadaptation (%) and gap extensions (µm), CF presented the lowest marginal desadaptation and gaps incidence values (p < 0.05). BT showed intermediate values, but lower than SO, FT e PF (p < 0.05), which were similar among them (p > 0.05). Conclusion: CF presented the best flexural strength and the lowest marginal desadaptation and gaps extension (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Materials , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Flexural Strength , Tooth Crown , Adaptation to Disasters , Endodontics
4.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 47(4): 205-209, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-961531

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cavity liners based calcium hydroxide present low strength and high solubility that is consider a disadvantage. In order to enhance these properties it was developed a light-cured cavity liner based calcium hydroxide containing resin. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pH and calcium release of light-cured cavity liners. Material and method: There were prepared specimens (n=10) with the Ultra-Blend ® plus, Biocal® (light cured cements) and Hydro C® (control). The samples were stored in 10 mL of distilled water and maintained at 37 °C. After 24 hours, 7, and 14 days, there were analyzed pH and the release of calcium levels. The data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test (α = 0.05). Result: The results of pH showed Hydro C > Ultra-Blend plus > Biocal. Biocal presented worst calcium release. Conclusion: Light-cured materials present lower calcium release and alteration in pH values.


Introdução: Forradores cavitários à base de hidróxido de cálcio apresentam baixa resistência e alta solubilidade. Para resolver este problema, foi desenvolvido forradores à base de hidróxido de cálcio fotoativáveis contendo resina para melhorar suas propridades. Objetivo: A proposta deste estudo foi avaliar a alteração de pH e liberação de cálcio de forradores fotoativáveis. Material e método: Foram preparadas amostras (n=10) com Ultra-Blend® plus, Biocal ® (cimentos fotoativáveis) e Hydro C® (controle). As amostras foram armazenadas com 10 mL de água destilada e mantidas em estufa à 37 °C. Depois de 24 horas, 7 e 14 dias, foram avaliados os níveis de liberação de cálcio e a alteração de pH. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste ANOVA, seguido do pós teste Tukey (α = 0.05). Resultado: Os resultados de pH mostraram Hydro C > Ultra-Blend plus > Biocal. Biocal apresentou a pior liberação de cálcio. Conclusão: Materiais fotoativados apresentam menor liberação de cálcio e alteração nos valores de pH.


Subject(s)
Calcium Hydroxide , Analysis of Variance , Dental Cavity Lining , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
5.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(2): 109-115, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-845618

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The detection of small caries lesions is still a challenge for dental professionals who in their clinical practice have a wide variety of methods to detect caries on occlusal surfaces. Objective: To clinically assess the effectiveness of the Vista Proof fluorescence camera, the Vista Cam digital intraoral micro camera and the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) visual criterion for detecting caries lesions on occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth. Material and method: One hundred and seven posterior teeth from adult patients were examined visually and by means of digital radiographs by an examiner who rated them according to the presence or absence of occlusal caries. The teeth were then assessed by the other examiner using ICDAS, fluorescence and magnified digital images. The effectiveness of the methods was measured based on sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio. For each method, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and the Area Under the ROC curve (AUROC) were estimated. Result: There was exceptional discrimination capacity for the intraoral images (AUROC=.93) and the ICDAS (AUROC=.91), with no significant statistical difference between them (z=.35, p=.73). The fluorescence exhibited an acceptable discrimination capacity (AUROC=0.78), although it was lower than the others. The positive likelihood ratio for the fluorescence was only 2.32, compared to 20.58 for the intraoral image and 58.11 for the ICDAS. Conclusion: Both methods and the ICDAS exhibited an adequate clinical performance, although the ICDAS and intraoral image were more effective than the fluorescence.


Introdução: A detecção de pequenas lesões de cárie ainda é um desafio para profissionais da Odontologia, que em sua prática clínica dispõem de uma grande variedade de métodos para detectar cáries nas superfícies oclusais. Objetivo: Avaliar clinicamente a efetividade da câmera de fluorescência Vista Proof, da microcâmera intraoral digital Vista Cam e do critério visual ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System) para detecção de lesões de cárie nas superfícies oclusais. Material e método: Cento e sete dentes posteriores de pacientes adultos foram examinados visualmente e por meio de radiografias digitais por um examinador que os classificou de acordo com a presença ou ausência de cárie. Os dentes foram então avaliados por outro examinador que utilizou o ICDAS, fluorescência e imagens digitais ampliadas. A efetividade dos métodos foi mensurada por meio da sensibilidade, especificidade, razão de verossimilhança positiva e negativa. Para cada método, a curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) e a área sob a mesma - AUROC (Area Under the ROC curve) foram estimadas. Resultado: Houve excepcional capacidade discriminante para as imagens intraorais (AUROC=0,93) e para o ICDAS (AUROC=0,91), com diferença estatística não significativa entre eles (z=0,35, p=0,73). A fluorescência apresentou capacidade discriminante aceitável (AUROC=0,78), embora tenha sido menor que os outros. A razão de verossimilhança positiva para a fluorescência foi 2,32, comparado a 20,58 para a imagem intraoral e 58,11 para o ICDAS. Conclusão: Ambos os métodos e o ICDAS exibiram um adequado desempenho clínico, sendo que o ICDAS e a imagem intraoral foram mais efetivos que a fluorescência.


Subject(s)
Effectiveness , Dentition, Permanent , Radiography, Dental, Digital , Dental Caries , Diagnosis , Fluorescence
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e69, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952012

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effects of 10% alphatocopherol on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth subjected to tooth bleaching with hydrogen peroxide and immediately restored with composite resin. Fifty bovine incisors were selected, including 10 sound teeth that constituted the control group (G1 (C)). The remaining 40 teeth, which were endodontically treated, were divided into four groups (n = 10): G2 (CR), consisting of teeth immediately restored with composite resin; G3 (HP + CR), consisting of teeth subjected to tooth bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide and immediately restored with composite resin; G4 (HP + SA + CR), which received treatment similar to that used for G3, but with 10% sodium ascorbate gel applied after the bleaching protocol; and G5 (HP + AT + CR), which was similar to G4 but included 10% alphatocopherol gel as an antioxidant. After 24 h, composite restorations were performed, and teeth were subjected to a fracture resistance test at a speed of 0.5 mm/min in an electromechanical testing machine. The axial force was applied with an angle of incidence of 135° relative to the long axis of the root. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey tests (p = 0.05). G1 exhibited the highest fracture resistance (p < 0.05). No significant differences among the other experimental groups were observed. The 10% sodium ascorbate and 10% alphatocopherol gels did not improve the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth subjected to bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth Fractures/prevention & control , Vitamins/chemistry , Tooth, Nonvital/drug therapy , alpha-Tocopherol/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/adverse effects , Ascorbic Acid/chemistry , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Composite Resins/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Gels , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e33, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951972

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of bleaching toothpastes, both conventional and those containing the new whitening agent Blue Covarine, on teeth previously bleached by conventional techniques (in-office and at-home). Squared bovine enamel/dentin blocks (6.0 x 6.0 x 2.0 mm) were randomly distributed in 6 groups (n = 15), according to the technique used to bleach them (in-office: HP35%; at-home: PC10%) and the type of bleaching toothpaste (none: control; Blue Covarine containing: BC; and without Blue Covarine: NBC). Experimental groups denominated HP35%, HP35%BC and HP35%NBC received in-office tooth bleaching before toothbrushing, and groups PC10%, PC10%BC and PC10%NBC were subjected to at-home tooth bleaching prior to toothbrushing. After bleaching treatment, groups HP35%BC, PC10%BC, HP35%NBC and PC10%NBC underwent daily tooth brushing in a brushing machine for 3 minutes (150 strokes/min, with a load of 375 g). Tooth color alteration was measured by reflectance spectroscopy (Vita EasyShade, Vident, Brea, CA, USA) at: T0 (baseline) - after in-office or at-home bleaching treatment; T1 - immediately after tooth brushing; T2 - 7 days and T3 - 14 days after tooth brushing. Data was analyzed by repeated measures mixed ANOVA and the Bonferroni post hoc test, with a significance level of 5%. Statistically significant differences were found between different experimental groups, evaluation times and for the interaction between them (p < 0.001). Tooth brushing using either bleaching toothpaste (conventional or with Blue Covarine) showed no color alteration on teeth previously bleached by in-office and at-home tooth bleaching. The use of bleaching toothpastes on previously bleached teeth did not produce a color alteration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Dentifrices/chemistry , Isoindoles/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Metalloporphyrins/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties/radiation effects , Time Factors , Toothbrushing , Random Allocation , Single-Blind Method , Color , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(6): 609-613, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-769821

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of a bleaching toothpaste containing Blue Covarine vs. conventional tooth bleaching techniques using peroxides (both in-office and at-home). Material and Methods Samples were randomly distributed into five experimental groups (n=15): C - Control; BC – Bleaching toothpaste containing Blue Covarine; WBC – Bleaching toothpaste without Blue Covarine; HP35 - In-office bleaching using 35% hydrogen peroxide; and CP10 – At-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide. The dental bleaching efficacy was determined by the color difference (ΔE), luminosity (ΔL), green-red axis (Δa), and blue-yellow axis (Δb). The CIELab coordinates were recorded with reflectance spectroscopy at different times: T0 - baseline, T1 – immediately after bleaching, T2 - 7 days, T3 - 14 days, and T4 - 21 days after the end of treatments. Data were analyzed by a repeated measures mixed ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test, with a significance level of 5%. Results No significant differences were found between the treatment groups C, BC, and WBC. The groups HP35 and CP10 showed significantly higher whitening efficacy than groups C, BC, and WBC. Conclusions There were no significant differences in the whitening efficacy between a Blue Covarine containing toothpaste, a standard whitening toothpaste, and a control. Neither of the whitening toothpastes tested were as effective as in-office or at-home bleaching treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Isoindoles/chemistry , Metalloporphyrins/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Toothpastes/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Color , Colorimetry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Peroxides/chemistry , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Single-Blind Method , Spectrophotometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Toothbrushing , Urea/analogs & derivatives , Urea/chemistry
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(3): 180-184, May-Jun/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-711712

ABSTRACT

Recently, various calcium silicate-based sealers have been introduced for use in root canal filling. The MTA Fillapex is one of these sealers, but some of its physicochemical properties are not in accordance with the ISO requirements. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the flowability, pH level and calcium release of pure MTA Fillapex (MTAF) or containing 5% (MTAF5) or 10% (MTAF10) calcium hydroxide (CH), in weight, in comparison with AH Plus sealer. Material and Methods: The flowability test was performed according to the ISO 6876:2001 requirements. For the pH level and calcium ion release analyses, the sealers were placed individually (n=10) in plastic tubes and immersed in deionized water. After 24 hours, 7 and 14 days, the water in which each specimen had been immersed was evaluated to determine the pH level changes and calcium released. Flowability, pH level and calcium release data were analyzed statistically by the ANOVA test (α=5%). Results: In relation to flowability: MTAF>AH Plus>MTAF5>MTAF10. In relation to the pH level, for 24 h: MTAF5=MTAF10=MTAF>AH Plus; for 7 and 14 days: MTAF5=MTAF10>MTAF>AH Plus. For the calcium release, for all periods: MTAF>MTAF5=MTAF10>AH Plus. Conclusions: The addition of 5% CH to the MTA Fillapex (in weight) is an alternative to reduce the high flowability presented by the sealer, without interfering in its alkalization potential. .


Subject(s)
Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Calcium/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Drug Combinations , Materials Testing , Reference Values , Time Factors , Viscosity , Water/chemistry
10.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 42(1): 7-12, jan.-fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-668230

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A biomodificação radicular visa a alterar a superfície radicular para auxiliar no reparo das estruturas periodontais de suporte destruídas pela doença periodontal. Objetivo: Avaliar por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura a eficácia do condicionamento químico com gel de EDTA 24% na remoção de smear layer e na exposição de fibras colágenas, verificando-se diferentes marcas comerciais, modos e tempos de aplicação. Material e Método: Um total de 225 amostras foram obtidas e distribuídas aleatoriamente em cinco grupos: soro fisiológico (controle); EDTA 24% (Farmácia Santa Paula); EDTA-T 24% (Farmácia Santa Paula); EDTA 24% (PrefGel; Straumann); EDTA 24% (Biodinâmica). As amostras de cada grupo foram redistribuídas aleatoriamente em subgrupos (n = 5) e condicionadas com os diferentes géis de EDTA nos tempos de 1, 2 e 3 minutos, e nos modos de aplicação tópica, fricção vigorosa e fricção suave. Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (p < 0,05) foram utilizados e aplicados separadamente para os fatores: marca comercial, tempo e modo de aplicação. Resultado: A análise estatística revelou que o gel de EDTA 24% da Biodinâmica promoveu a menor remoção de smear layer. Não foram detectadas diferenças estatísticas para os tempos de aplicação. O modo de aplicação fricção suave resultou em menor quantidade de smear layer residual. Conclusão: Todos os géis de EDTA 24% utilizados foram eficazes na remoção de smear layer e na exposição de fibras colágenas, independentemente do tempo de aplicação; no entanto, o modo de fricção suave foi mais efetivo. Na análise comparativa entre os produtos, o EDTA da Biodinâmica foi menos efetivo, já que promoveu menor remoção de smear layer e exposição de fibras colágenas.


Introduction: The main goal of root biomodification is to modify the root surface in order to improve the repair of periodontal tissues destroyed by periodontal disease. Objective: To evaluate the conditioning efficacy of 24% EDTA gel of different trademarks, considering the variables time and application method, by scanning electron microscopy. Material and Method: 225 samples were randomly assigned to five groups: sterile saline solution (control); 24% EDTA (Santa Paula Pharmacy); 24% EDTA-T (Santa Paula Pharmacy); 24% EDTA (PrefGel - Straumann); 24% EDTA (Biodinâmica). For each experimental group the gels were applied for 1, 2 or 3 minutes by topical application; vigorous or smooth friction. The Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0,05) were used and individually applied to the variables commercial brand, time and type of application. Result: The statistical analysis showed that 24% EDTA Biodinâmica gel promoted less smear layer removal compared to the other groups. No significant differences could be detected among the different times of application. The smooth friction resulted in lower amount of residual smear layer. Conclusion: All 24% EDTA gels tested were able to remove smear layer and to expose dentinal tubules irrespective of application time; however, the application method by smooth friction was more effective than the other ones. The comparative analysis demonstrated that the Biodinâmica gel was the least effective product, promoting less smear layer removal and exposure of collagen fibers than the other EDTA gels.


Subject(s)
Tooth Root , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Collagen , Smear Layer , Edetic Acid , Statistics, Nonparametric
11.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-661329

ABSTRACT

O conhecimento da etiologia de qualquer doença ou condição é primordial para um tratamento seguro e efetivo. Esta revisão da literatura tem por finalidade mostrar algumas opções para se tratar a hipersensibilidade dentinária (Hsdc). A perda de esmalte e do cemento na região cervical e consequente exposição dos túbulos dentinários levam a uma condição dolorosa e de desconforto para o paciente, denominada de Hsdc. Essa perda de estrutura dentária ocorre em virtude de formação de lesões cervicais por processos de recessão gengival, abrasão, erosão, abfração ou pela associação de dois ou mais fatores. Alguns tratamentos apresentados não são eficazes, porém há terapias efetivas, como: aplicação de oxalato de potássio, cloreto de estrôncio, vernizes fluorados, fluoreto de sódio, soluções de hidróxido de cálcio, cimento de ionômero de vidro, laser, dentifrícios dessensibilizantes, sistemas adesivos e procedimentos restauradores. Portanto, a identificação e a remoção dos fatores etiológicos são essenciais ao sucesso do tratamento da Hsdc quando associadas à obliteração dos túbulos dentinários, tendo-se como resultado a efetiva redução do movimento do fluido dentro dos mesmos e a diminuição da dor.


The knowledge of the etiology of any disease or condition is paramount to a safe and effective treatment. This literature review aims to show some options to treat dentine hypersensitivity (Hsdc). The loss of cervical enamel and cementum exposure of tubules leads to a painful condition and patient discomfort, called Hsdc. this loss of tooth structure occurs due to formation of cervical lesions in cases of gingival recession, abrasion, erosion, or abfraction by the association of two or more factors. Some treatments are not effective, but there are effective therapies, such as: application of ferric oxalate, potassium oxalate, potassium nitrate, fluoride varnish, solutions of calcium phosphate, adhesives and Bonding procedures. Therefore, the identification and removal of etiological factors is essential to successful treatment of Hsdc normally associated to tubules obliterate and consequent reduction of fluid motion within the dentin.


Subject(s)
Tooth Erosion , Dentin Sensitivity , Dentin Desensitizing Agents
12.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-661333

ABSTRACT

Atualmente, a estética periodontal tem sido bastante valorizada para harmonia do sorriso. O aumento de coroa clínica, por excesso gengival ou erupção passiva alterada, é efetivamente corrigido por meio de cirurgias periodontais. A proposta do presente trabalho é mostrar, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, alguns tipos de cirurgias sobre aumento de coroa clínica e recobrimento radicular. Aumento de coroa clínica é realizado para mudar a dimensão dos dentes anteriores e otimizar o resultado estético do tratamento com novas restaurações coronárias e outros cuidados estéticos dentais. Em geral, o plano de tratamento e a escolha da técnica a ser empregada iniciam-se com cuidadoso exame clínico. As recessões teciduais podem ser definidas como um deslocamento da margem gengival em direção à junção mucogengival expondo a superfície radicular. Estas, quando presentes, têm repercussão no conforto do paciente por proporcionar a ocorrência de hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical e, no comprometimento estético, pela alteração do contorno gengival. O sucesso do tratamento das recessões baseia-se no conhecimento de sua etiologia e na avaliação de previsibilidade das técnicas cirúrgicas que visam o recobrimento radicular. Por meio da revisão de literatura realizada, pode-se concluir que os tipos de cirurgia mais utilizados são: 1) para aumento de coroa clínica: gengivectomia, gengivoplastia e cirurgia a retalho com osteotomia; e 2) para recobrimento radicular: a técnica vai depender da quantidade de gengiva queratinizada e, principalmente, da classificação de Miller.


Currently, periodontal aesthetics has been prized for harmony of the smile. The clinical crown lengthening, gingival excess or altered passive eruption, is effectively corrected by periodontal surgery. The purpose of this paper is to show, through a literature review, some types of surgery on clinical crown lengthening and root coverage. Clinical crown lengthening is done to Change the size of the anterior teeth and to optimize the cosmetic result of treatment with new coronal restoration and other cosmetic dental care. In general, the treatment plan and the choice of operative technique begin with careful clinical examination. Recessions tissue can be defined as a displacement of the gingival margin toward the junction mucogingival exposing the root surface. These, when present, impacting on patient comfort by providing the occurrence of cervical dentin hypersensitivity, and the esthetic, the amendment of the gum line. Successful treatment of recessions is based on knowledge of its etiology and assessment of predictability of surgical techniques that aim to root coverage. Through literature review, we can conclude that the types of surgery most often used are: 1) to increase the clinical crown, gingivectomy, flap surgery and gingivoplasty osteotomy, and 2) for root coverage, the use will depend on the amount of gum keratinized and especially the classification of Miller.


Subject(s)
Crown Lengthening , Gingivectomy , Esthetics, Dental , Gingival Recession
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 20(3): 376-383, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish the parameters of concentration, time and mode of application of citric acid and sodium citrate in relation to root conditioning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 495 samples were obtained and equally distributed among 11 groups (5 for testing different concentrations of citric acid, 5 for testing different concentrations of sodium citrate and 1 control group). After laboratorial processing, the samples were analyzed under scanning electron microscopy. A previously calibrated and blind examiner evaluated micrographs of the samples. Non-parametric statistical analysis was performed to analyze the data obtained. RESULTS: Brushing 25% citric acid for 3 min, promoted greater exposure of collagen fibers in comparison with the brushing of 1% citric acid for 1 minute and its topical application at 1% for 3 min. Sodium citrate exposed collagen fibers in a few number of samples. CONCLUSION: Despite the lack of statistical significance, better results for collagen exposure were obtained with brushing application of 25% citric acid for 3 min than with other application parameter. Sodium citrate produced a few number of samples with collagen exposure, so it is not indicated for root conditioning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Chelating Agents/administration & dosage , Citrates/administration & dosage , Citric Acid/administration & dosage , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Tooth Root/drug effects , Chelating Agents/analysis , Citrates/analysis , Citric Acid/analysis , Collagen/drug effects , Dental Cavity Preparation/instrumentation , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Smear Layer , Time Factors
14.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-592315

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estudo avalia o conhecimento sobre causas e sintomas da halitose de pacientes da Clínica de Odontologia do Curso de Graduação do Centro Universitário de Araraquara - UNIARA, bem como analisa a eficiência de folheto educativo na mudança de comportamento quanto à prevenção do mau hálito. Métodos: Para isso, um questionário pré-codificado, composto por questões sobre o tema foi aplicado em 2 momentos: antes e após 30 dias da realização do experimento. A amostra foi composta por 30 pacientes, divididos em 2 grupos: GA ? controle (respondeu ao questionário); GB ? respondeu ao questionário e recebeu o folheto para leitura e novamente respondeu ao questionário, passados 30 dias da aplicação do folheto. Os grupos foram comparados por meio da coleta dos dados e análise descritiva da distribuição de frequências. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que, de maneira geral, o conhecimento sobre halitose se mostrou controverso em alguns aspectos, principalmente, em relação às causas e formas de prevenção; não foi observada melhora no conhecimento sobre halitose para o grupo que recebeu o folheto. Conclusão: Tanto os profissionais quanto a população devem ser mais bem orientados em relação aos fatores fisiológicos e patológicos da halitose para atuarem na prevenção de seus efeitos individuais e sociais


Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge about the causes and symptoms of halitosis of patients in the clinic of Dentistry of the University Center of Araraquara - UNIARA and analyze the effectiveness of an educational booklet on behavior change in relation to preventing bad breath. Methods: For that, a pre-coded questionnaire, was applied in two phases: before and after 30 days of the study. The sample consisted of 30 patients divided into two groups: GA - control group (only answered the questionnaire); GB - answers questionnaire and received the booklet to read and answer the questionnaire again, after 30 days of booklet application. The groups were compared by means of data collection and descriptive analysis using distributions of frequency. Results: The results showed that, in general, knowledge about halitosis by the studied population was controversial in some respects, especially with regard to the causes and prevention methods; no improvement was observed about halitosis for the group who received the booklet compared with the control group. Conclusion: It may be concluded that professionals and the population must be better focused on the physiological and pathological halitosis, so that they may act to prevent individual and social effects


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Preventive Dentistry , Halitosis/prevention & control
16.
Araraquara; s.n; 2008. 131 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-590709

ABSTRACT

A remoção da smear layer e a exposição da matriz colágena da dentina de superfícies radiculares desprovidas de sua inserção conjuntiva tem o potencial de auxiliar o tratamento e/ou a regeneração periodontal. Diferentes substâncias têm sido empregadas para remover esta camada e expor fibras colágenas da superfície dental. A adesão de elementos sangüíneos a superfícies radiculares desmineralizadas e a estabilização do colágeno pelas fibras colágenas são de extrema importância no sucesso da cirurgia periodontal. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os diferentes padrões de adsorção e adesão de plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) e de PRP + células sangüíneas a superfícies radiculares quimicamente condicionadas. Oitenta dentes foram raspados, eqüitativamente divididos em 5 grupos: irrigação com soro fisiológico (controle), aplicação de solução de ácido cítrico a 25%, gel de EDTA a 24%, solução de cloridrato de tetraciclina a 50mg/mL e solução de citrato de sódio a 30%. Metade das superfícies condicionadas foi exposta ao PRP e a outra metade ao PRP e sangue fresco para avaliação com microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos quando aplicou-se o PRP seguido de sangue. O EDTA e o ácido cítrico mostraram-se mais efetivos na remoção de smear layer, porém o ácido cítrico foi o único agente que apresentou adesão de PRP nas superfícies radiculares. Dessa forma, o emprego do PRP sobre a superfície radicular pareceu favorecer a adsorção e adesão de células sangüíneas e a estabilização da rede de fibrina.


Smear layer removal and collagen fibers exposure may improve periodontal treatment and regeneration. Different substances have been used to remove it and to expose collagen fibers from tooth surface. Blood elements adhesion to demineralized roots and clot stabilization by collagen fibers are extremely important for the success of periodontal surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the different patterns of platelet – rich plasma (PRP) and PRP + blood cells adsorption and adhesion to root surfaces chemically conditioned. Eighty teeth were planed and equitably divided into five groups: irrigation with saline solution (control), application of a 25% citric acid solution, 24% EDTA gel, 50mg/mL tetracycline hydrochloride and 30% sodium citrate solution. Half of the conditioned surface was exposed to PRP and another half to the PRP and fresh blood and prepared for scanning electron microscopy. Planed root surfaces and conditioned with EDTA and citric acid were more effective on smear layer removal, but citric acid was the only agent that showed blood cells adhesion to root surface. This way, PRP employments on root surface probably improve blood element adsorption and adhesion to root surface and fibrin network stabilization.


Subject(s)
Blood Cells , Citric Acid , Edetic Acid , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Smear Layer , Tetracycline
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