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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871937

ABSTRACT

TORCH, which is considered as a series of pathogens, including the Toxoplasma gondii, Rubella virus, Cytomegalovirus or Herpes simplex virus, often infects the pregnant women to induce the the fetus or newborn infection by transplacental infection or exposure to contaminated genital tract secretions at delivery. Increasing evidence have been confirmed that the infection of TORCH may cause the miscarriage, premature birth, malformed fetus, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, neonatal multiple organ dysfunction and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. For most TORCH-infections cases may lacking the effective treatments during pregnancy, and it is important to achieve the effacing monitoring of TORCH infections before and during pregnancy. The laboratory testing of TORCH has the great significance. However, the consensus opinions still need to improve the the standardization of TORCH testing process and the correct interpretation. Based on the characteristics of the TORCH detection method, this article gives a consensus opinion on the standardized detection and clinical application of TORCH from the laboratory perspective according to the characteristics and types of infection of different pathogens.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703219

ABSTRACT

At present, the cats play a more and more important role in medical experiments as an experimental animal,especially for the studies of neurology,physiology and toxicology. Compared with rodent animals,the physiological characteristics, anatomical features, pathological and biochemical reactions of cats are closer to human beings, and compared with the primate animals,they have advantages of economy,abundant resources and so on. Therefore,cat has an extensive application prospect in animal models of human diseases. This article mainly reviews and summarizes the establishing method and research status of cats as an animal model of human diseases in ophthalmology, nervous system, tumor and other fields in recent years.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615283

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the relationship between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume and ascending aortic stiffness by CT,so as to early evaluate the lesions of ascending aortic by measuring EAT.Materials and Methods 169 patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent coronary CT angiography and coronary angiography in First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University from January 2016 to September 2016 were enrolled.According to the presence of coronary atherosclerosis or not,the patients were divided into research group (109 cases) and control group (60 cases).The research group were further divided into slight,mild,moderate and severe group according to the Gensini score of coronary atherosclerosis.The recorded threshold of EAT volume was 107.2 cm3.The patients with EAT volume higher than 107.2 cm3 belonged to the exposure group,and the rest belonged to the non exposure group.The EAT volume and ascending aortic stiffness were measured,and the relationship between them was assessed.The relationship between EAT volume and coronary atherosclerosis was also analyzed.Results In the control group,there was no correlation between EAT volume and ascending aortic stiffness (r =-0.156,P>0.05).However,there were negative correlations between EAT volume and ascending aortic stiffness in slight,mild,moderate and severe group (r=-0.378,-0.340,-0.514 and-0.459,P<0.05).The EAT volumewas an independent risk factor of ascending aortic stiffness (β=-0.009,t=-2.653,P<0.05).The incidence of CAD in the exposure group was 9.318 times of that in the non exposure group.Conclusion There is obvious correlation between EAT volume and ascending aortic stiffness in patients with CAD.The evaluation of EAT volume can provide an effective reference for the early prediction of ascending aortic lesions in patients with CAD.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728263

ABSTRACT

Intestinal disorders often co-occur with inflammation and dysmotility. However, drugs which simultaneously improve intestinal inflammation and co-occurring dysmotility are rarely reported. Atractylodin, a widely used herbal medicine, is used to treat digestive disorders. The present study was designed to characterize the effects of atractylodin on amelioration of both jejunal inflammation and the co-occurring dysmotility in both constipation-prominent (CP) and diarrhea-prominent (DP) rats. The results indicated that atractylodin reduced proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the plasma and inhibited the expression of inflammatory mediators iNOS and NF-kappa B in jejunal segments in both CP and DP rats. The results indicated that atractylodin exerted stimulatory effects and inhibitory effects on the contractility of jejunal segments isolated from CP and DP rats respectively, showing a contractile-state-dependent regulation. Atractylodin-induced contractile-state-dependent regulation was also observed by using rat jejunal segments in low and high contractile states respectively (5 pairs of low/high contractile states). Atractylodin up-regulated the decreased phosphorylation of 20 kDa myosin light chain, protein contents of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), and MLCK mRNA expression in jejunal segments of CP rats and down-regulated those increased parameters in DP rats. Taken together, atractylodin alleviated rat jejunal inflammation and exerted contractile-state-dependent regulation on the contractility of jejunal segments isolated from CP and DP rats respectively, suggesting the potential clinical implication for ameliorating intestinal inflammation and co-occurring dysmotility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Constipation , Cytokines , Diarrhea , Herbal Medicine , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Myosin Light Chains , Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase , NF-kappa B , Phosphorylation , Plasma , Rats , RNA, Messenger
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608104

ABSTRACT

Objective To realize intelligent and refined management of medical war storage materials by designing a management platform based on context awareness.Methods The conditions of medical war storage materials and its storage environment were monitored dynamically,and technologies of context awareness,radio frequency identification,temperature and humidity sensing and etc were used to establish the platform.Results The platform improved the traditional medical war storage materials management system in intelligence and refinement,and implemented auto update and intelligent alarm for the information on medical war storage materials.Conlusion The platform fulfills automatic and intelligent medical war storage materials management,and thus has practical values for medical service support.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463119

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and characteristics of coronary artery lesion between Hui and Han nationality young pa?tient with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)who were referred to the affiliated hospital of Ningxia Medical University. Methods A total of 189 con?secutive AMI young patients(age≤44 years)who underwent coronary angiography were retrospectively retrieved from the database.Those patients with AMI were divided into Hui group(46 cases)and Han group(143 cases). The clinical features and results of coronary angiogram were com?pared between the two group. Results Compared with Han group,Hui group are more younger than Han group,high prevalence rate of diabetes, lower smoking history and lower drinking history(P<0.05). Coronary angiography showed the incidence of three?vessel lesions was significant low?er in Han group than in Hui group(P<0.05). Both group showed single vessel was the most common lesion. Conclusion Hui nationality patients with acute myocardial infraction are more younger and are are more prone to suffering from diabetes history、lower smoking history and lower drinking history than Han nationality patients. The coronary artery lesions of Hui nationality patients with acute acute myocardial infraction are more three?branch lesions than Han nationality patients.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2689-2690,2694, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553400

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change of the plasma concentrations of follicular helper T lymphocytes (TFH cells) related cytokines and receptors in children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) .Methods The plasma concentrations of TFH-cells-related cytokine IL-21 and CXCL13 ,and cell surface expression of TFH-related receptor CXCR5 and IL-21R on CD19+B cells in 22 SLE children and 20 sex-and age matched control subjects were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytome-try ,respectively .Results Plasma CXCL13 and IL-21 concentrations were significantly higher in SLE children than controls (all P0 .05) .Conclusion The elevat-ed production of CXCL13 and IL-21 may be associated with the function of TFH for the immunopathogenesis in SLE children .

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3133-3135, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455981

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical significance of K-ras mutation in plasma cell-free DNA from patients with colorec-tal carcinoma .Methods Plasma cell-free DNA in 212 patients with colorectal carcinoma were extracted and identified by Globin gene .K-ras mutation was amplified by RE-PCR and compared with results of pathological biopsy samples DNA .Results Plasma cell-free DNA were successfully obtained from 212 cases .But no plasma cell-free DNA were found in normal control .Out of 212 ca-ses ,34 cases showed K-ras mutation(16 .00% )in cell-free DNA ,and 33 cases showed positive in pathological biopsy samples DNA (15 .57% ) .It was found two kinds of K-ras mutation on code 12-GGT to GAT ;GGT to GTT .K-ras mutation was not related to tumors′position(χ2 =3 .34 ,P=0 .61);to differentiation degree(χ2 =2 .38 ,P=0 .29);to Dukes staging(χ2 = 2 .84 ,P=0 .38);to lymphoid nodes′metastasis(χ2 =0 .98 ,P=0 .37);to age(χ2 =1 .86 ,P=0 .39) .Conclusion Tumor-derived DNA can be detected in plasma of underlying cancer patients .For colorectal carcinoma patients ,detecting K-ras mutation of plasma cell-free DNA have the same clinical significance as biopsy samples .Moreover ,it′s more convenient and non-invasive .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-540318

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the change of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) an d glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in neonatal rats' cerebral cortex with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD). Methods The 7 day- old SD rats were subjected to the ligation of right carotid artery, then were pu t into a hypoxic box to establish a HIBD model. The immunohistochemical method w as used to detect the expression of NSE and GFAP in rats' cerebral cortex. Results ① The NSE decreased in damaged cerebral cortex in HIBD 24 h group, after 7 days it gradually increased but was still lower than that of the controls. ② The expression of GFAP was limited and scarce in control and it did not change in HIBD 24 h group, while in HIBD 7 d group GFAP expression was increased and spread widely in the damaged cerebral cortex. Conclu sion ① The NSE decreases in damaged cerebral cortex in early stage of neonatal rat HIBD, suggesting that NSE is a specific marker for neuron damage . ② The GFAP increases in damaged cerebral cortex in the recovery stage of neon atal rat HIBD, suggesting that GFAP participates the repair of lesion region.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-596056

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a set of hospital material management information system with the mature technique of barcode so as to realize the whole flow management of material.Methods By analyzing the main problems in present hospital material management,we put forward ways and procedures of material management,and gave an overall introduction to the composition of the system from three aspects: warehouse management on material and drugs,the second level storehouse management,such as material management in department,inspect reagent consumptive material management,no stock for high-cost medical consumables management,etc and the cost accounting and collecting system.The key technologies and implementation methods adopted in the designing process of this system were also introduced.Results The achievement of whole flow tracking management from material purchase to material consumption not only ensures a real whole flow management of materials,but effectively reduces the consumption of hospital materials.Conclusion With the mature and advanced technique of barcode and wireless network,the management of material can be better achieved.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594971

ABSTRACT

Objective To design and realize hospital special information system and solve the information management questions of special diagnosis, such as emergency observation, radiation therapy, hemodialysis, assisted reproductive of bear and rear better children. Methods The main problems of hospital special medical in China were analyzed and defined the basic concept of hospital special medical. The main flow and system of hospital special medical from 13 aspects were introduced. Results The work mode and management methods about special medical were changed and solved the limitations of traditional management. Conclusion The design and realization of hospital special medical information systems can be improved work efficiency, medical quality effectively and the informationization level of the hospital.

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