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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 859-863, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of mammography-based radiomics for preoperative prediction of axillary lymph node metastasis in breast carcinoma.Methods:The clinical and X-ray data of female patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer in Henan People′s Hospital from June 2013 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 214 patients, aged 30-85 (53±11) years, were randomly divided into training set ( n=153) and verification set ( n=61) according to the ratio of 3∶1. According to pathological findings of the axillary lymph node metastasis, 99 cases were divided into positive group and 115 cases into negative group. The lesions were segmented and extracted in X-ray images of mediolateral oblique (MLO) and cranial caudal (CC). Three, nine and seven axillary lymph node metastasis related histologic features were selected from the high dimensional features of CC, MLO and CC combined MLO images by lasso regression model. According to the characteristics of imaging and clinical characteristics, the prediction model was constructed. The prediction ability of the model was verified by 10% cross validation. Results:The lymph node in positive group was larger than negative groups, the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.611, P<0.05). In the validation set, the area under curve (AUC) values of CC, MLO, CC combined with MLO images, clinical features and clinical features combined with CC and MLO images were 0.680, 0.723, 0.740, 0.558 and 0.714, respectively. Among them, CC combined with MLO images had the highest prediction efficiency, and AUC values were higher than CC alone, MLO images and CC combined with MLO images. Conclusions:Quantitative radiomics features of breast tumor extracted from digital mammograms are helpful for preoperatively predicting axillary lymph node metastasis. Future larger studies are needed to further evaluate these findings.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755279

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of dopamine D2 receptor in dopamine pathway in in-somnia patients and discuss its clinical significance. Methods From January 2016 to December 2016, 15 patients with insomnia (1 male, 14 females, age:(44.3±8.6) years) and 15 gender-/age-matched-healthy volunteers (control group;3 males, 12 females, age:(40.5±9.0) years) were included to undergo resting brain 11C-Raclopride PET/CT imaging. The D2 receptor binding potential (BPND) of the dopamine pathway was calculated by molecular imaging and kinetic analysis toolbox ( MIAKAT) software. The BP ND , Hamilton depression scale ( HAMD) , transient and graphics memory scale results were compared with two-sample t test and Mann-Whitney u test between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between BPND(nucleus accumbens, caudate nucleus, putamen) and Pittsburgh sleep quality in-dex ( PSQI) , HAMD, course of disease, transient memory and graphical memory scale scores in the patient group. Results The BP ND in bilateral putamen, nucleus accumbens and left caudate nucleus of patients was lower than that of controls( left putamen:z=-2.717, right putamen:z=-2.883, both P<0.01;left nu-cleus accumbens:t=-2.269, right nucleus accumbens:t=-2.410, both P<0.05;left caudate nucleus:t=-2.632,P<0. 05), but the BPND level of right caudate nucleus was not significantly different(z=-0.850, P>0.05) . The scores of HAMD in the patient group were higher than those in control group ( t=10. 273, P<0. 01), while the scores of instantaneous memory (t=-4.888, P<0.01) and graphical memory scale (t=-2.624, P<0.05) were lower. There were significant negative correlations between the BP ND of bilateral nucleus ac-cumbens, caudate nucleus and putamen and the course of insomnia in the patient group ( r range:-0.761 to-0.682, all P<0.01) . Conclusion Patients with insomnia have abnormal neurotransmitter system of dopa-mine D2 and it may play a role in the pathogenesis of insomnia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745433

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging features of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG) PET/CT in patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) and evaluate the value of PET/CT on early diagnosis of AE.Methods Sixteen patients with AE (11 males,5 females,age:11-68 years) between March 2012 and December 2017 were included.Patients had positive antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid or (and) serum without immunity therapy.The imaging (18F-FDG PET/CT,MRI) and clinical data were analyzed.Results Nine patients suffered from anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis and other 7 patients had limbic encephalitis (LE),which including 2 cases of anti-leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis,3 cases of anti-γ-aminobutyric acid-B receptor(GABAsR) encephalitis,1 case of anti-Hu encephalitis and 1 case of anti-Yo encephalitis.Fifteen patients showed scattered hypermetabolism or hypometabolism in the brain on PET/CT imaging,and the positive rate was 15/16.Among those patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis,hypermetabolism in frontotemporal parietal lobes and hypometabolism in occipital lobe were shown;hypermetabolism in limbic systems including temporal lobe and hippocampus were shown in LE.No abnormal CT density was found at the same phase.Slightly higher signals on T2,fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) were detected in some patients,and the positive rate was 7/16.Conclusions Patients with AE of different types have different characteristics on 18F-FDG PET/CT.18F-FDG PET/CT has high positive rate for early diagnosis of AE.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774168

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the pathological grading of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) which depends on biopsy or surgical pathology invasively, a quantitative analysis method based on radiomics signature was proposed for pathological grading of HCC in non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. The MRI images were integrated to predict clinical outcomes using 328 radiomics features, quantifying tumour image intensity, shape and text, which are extracted from lesion by manual segmentation. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to select the most-predictive radiomics features for the pathological grading. A radiomics signature, a clinical model, and a combined model were built. The association between the radiomics signature and HCC grading was explored. This quantitative analysis method was validated in 170 consecutive patients (training dataset: = 125; validation dataset, = 45), and cross-validation with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was employed as the prediction metric. Through the proposed method, AUC was 0.909 in training dataset and 0.800 in validation dataset, respectively. Overall, the prediction performances by radiomics features showed statistically significant correlations with pathological grading. The results showed that radiomics signature was developed to be a significant predictor for HCC pathological grading, which may serve as a noninvasive complementary tool for clinical doctors in determining the prognosis and therapeutic strategy for HCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Grading , Methods , ROC Curve
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711930

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the characteristics of magnetic resonance angiography of(MRA) ophthalmic artery in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR).Methods A total of 36 eyes of DR patients (DR group) diagnosed by clinical examination were included in the study.Among them,there were 42 eyes in 21 males and 15 eyes in 15 females.The average age was 55.2 years old.The average duration of diabetes was 7.56 years.All eyes were examined by MRA and fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) in the ophthalmic artery.At the same time,24 eyes of 12 patients were examined by computed tomography angiography (CTA).Twenty-two healthy volunteers with age and gender matching were selected as the control group.Among them,there were 13 males and 9 females.All patients underwent MRA examination of the ophthalmic artery;at the same time,5 eyes of 5 eyes were examined by CTA.MRA and CTA were classified into three grades according to the development condition and shape change of the ophthalmic artery.0 grade:no abnormality;grade Ⅰ:mild lesion;grade Ⅱ:obvious lesion.According to the results of FFA examination,it was divided into no obvious disease stage,background stage,proliferative stage,proliferative stage.The morphological features of the MRA of the ophthalmic artery in the DR group and the control group were compared.The relationship between the MRA grading of the ophthalmic artery and the FFA staging was observed in the DR group.The consistency analysis between the MRA and CTA grades of the ophthalmic artery in the DR group was performed by Kappa test;the relationship between the MRA grade and the FFA staging of the ophthalmic artery was analyzed by Spearson correlation analysis of the same data with two-way ordered attributes.Results In 44 eyes of the control group,the MRA in grade 0 and Ⅰ of the ophthalmic artery were 41 and 3 eyes,respectively;all eyes of the CTA examination of the ophthalmic artery were grade 0.In 72 eyes of the DR group,the MRA in grade 0,Ⅰ,and Ⅱ of the ophthalmic artery were 28,28,and 16 eyes,respectively.Among the 24 eyes examined by CTA,there were 13,6,and 5 eyes in grade 0,Ⅰ,and Ⅱ,respectively.In the DR group,the classification of MRA and CTA of the ophthalmic artery was highly consistent (Kappa value =0.86).There were significant differences in the number of eyes with different grades of MRA in the DR group and the control group (Z=-5.74,P=0.000).In 72 eyes of the DR group,there were 8,12,22,and 30 eyes in no obvious disease stage,background stage,proliferative stage,and proliferative stage,respectively.Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant correlation between MRA grading and FFA staging in the DR group (r=0.405,P=0.000).Conclusions MRA can show the changes of ophthalmic artery morphology and reflect DR staging to a certain extent.It has a high consistency with FFA vascular changes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 257-261, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707926

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the damage of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) quantitatively by using reduced-filed-of-view DTI (rfov-DTI) together with optical coherence tomography(OCT).Methods Thirty four patients(68 eyes,Patient group)and 33 healthy controls (66 eyes, Control group) were enrolled in this study. Measures of rfov-DTI and OCT of both eyes in all subjects were performed by 3.0 MRI. The difference of fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (λ//) and radial diffusivity (λ⊥) were compared by two independent sample t test. The peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in temporal and lateral nose, which data don't conform to normal distribution, were calculated by average and four quadrants and compared by Mann-Whitney U test,the average RNFL thickness and RNFL thickness in low quadrant and upper quadrant were compared by two independent sample t test.Spearman rank were performed to determine the correlation between DTI parameters of optic nerves (ONs) and RNFL thickness. Results The value of FA, MD, λ//, λ⊥, average, temporalside, nasal side, low quadrant and upper quadrant RNFL thickness in patient group were 0.445±0.078,(1.330±0.236)×10-3mm2/s,(5.502±0.263)×10-3mm2/s,(4.494±0.238)×10-3mm2/s,(104.7± 25.4)μm,(104.0±31.0)μm,(65.0±25.0)μm,(122.0±33.3)μm,and(117.4±37.7)μm respectively and the data in control group were 0.581±0.043,(1.079±0.146)×10-3mm2/s,(5.349±0.214)×10-3mm2/s,(4.195±0.126)× 10-3mm2/s, (101.2 ± 10.6)μm, (70.0 ± 10.8)μm, (81.3 ± 13.4)μm, (127.3 ± 12.5)μm, (126.3 ± 11.5)μm respectively.Compared with the control group,the value of MD,λ//,λ⊥were significantly higher but FA was significantly lower (t=-12.388, 7.394, 3.695, 9.062;all P<0.01). The temporal RNFL was significantly thicker while the nasal RNFL was much thinner than that in control group respectively(Z=-8.384,-4.518;all P<0.01);the average, low quadrant and upper quadrant RNFL thickness showed no significant differences compared with the control group(t=-1.217,-1.843, 1.049;P=0.227, 0.069, 0.297).Especially,there was a weak correlation between the temporal RNFL thickness and FA(r=0.268,P=0.029),however,no correlation of nasal RNFL thickness with mean FA was found(r=0.164,P=0.186). Conclusions rFOV-DTI together with OCT can provide information about the pathology of RGC axon disease in patients with RP.there is a weak correlation between the retinal nerve fiber layer and the pathological changes of optic nerve in the retinal ganglion cells,but the performance were not coincident.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 204-208, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707918

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameters and pathological grading in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(SCC). Methods Prospective analysis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma confirmed by electronic gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. Thirty nine patients who underwent radical resection of esophageal carcinoma with MRI examination one weeks before operation were included. All patients underwent routine chest MRI and DCE-MRI scans, and DCE-MRI quantitative parameters including volume transfer constant (Ktrans), exchange rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction(Ve)were measured.Pathological analysis of postoperative specimens,including pathological grading(highly differentiated,moderately differentiated,poorly differentiated,undifferentiated),gross tumor pathological type(ulcerative type,medullary type,fungating type,sclerotic type)and local infiltration degree (T staging) were performed. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the differences of quantitative parameters between different pathological T staging,gross tumor pathological types and pathological grades of DCE-MRI,and a Dunn-Bonferroni test for post hoc comparisons.Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DCE-MRI parameters and pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.The ROC curves was used to evaluate the efficiency of different parameters in the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Result Among the thirty nine patients, they were divided into three group according to pathological findings: well differentiated (12 patients),moderately differentiated(15 patients)and poorly differentiated group(12 patients);ulcerative type (19 patients), fungating type(10 patients), medullary type(10 patients);T1, 2 stage(16 patients), T3 stage(14 patients), and T4 stage(9 patients). There was no significant difference in the value of Ktrans, Kepand Ve between different T staging groups and different tumor pathological types groups(all P>0.05).The differences of Ktrans, Kepand Vebetween different pathological grading groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were positive correlation between Ktrans, Kep, Veand the pathological grading, rs value were 0.874, 0.672, 0.578 respectively, all P<0.01. The ROC curve area of Ktrans, Kepand Vein the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 0.941,0.809 and 0.773 respectively.The diagnostic efficiency of Ktranswas the best.Conclusions The quantitative parameters of DCE-MRI are correlated with the pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Ktrans, Kepand Vecan reflect the perfusion characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 113-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of various diffusion parameters obtained from monoexponential, biexponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in assessing hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B(CHB). Methods A total of 52 patients who were diagnosed hepatitis B by the markers of hepatitis and were confirmed by liver biopsy pathology were prospectively recruited between June 2014 and May 2016 in People's Hospital of Henan Province. Concomitantly, 30 healthy volunteers who had no history of hepatitis B and liver dysfunction were enrolled in the control group. All patients underwent multi-b values DWI on a 3.0 T MRI unit. ADC was calculated by using the monoexponential model. True diffusion coefficient(Dt),pseudo diffusion coefficient(Dp)and fraction of perfusion(f)were calculated by using the biexponential model.Distributed diffusion coefficient(DDC)and water molecular diffusion heterogeneity index(α)were calculated by using the stretched exponential model. Liver biopsy specimens were staged according to the degree of hepatic fibrosis (S0 to S4). The Kruskal-Wallis test was employed for the comparison of each parameter among the control group and the fibrosis stage groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was adopted to compare each parameter between fibrosis stage≤S1and≥S2,between≤S2 and≥S3.Spearman rank correlation coefficients were obtained to assess the correlation of the parameters with the fibrosis stages.ROC analysis was used to evaluate the performance of various parameters in predicting stage≥S2 and≥S3.Results The hepatic fibrosis stage distributions were as follows:1 cases with S0,9 cases with S1,22 cases with S2,11 cases with S3,9 cases with S4.ADC,Dt,f and DDC values all showed significant difference among the control group and groups S1,S2,S3,S4(all P<0.05), while Dp and α values showed no significant difference(P>0.05). Dt, DDC and ADC showed a moderate negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.630,-0.603 and-0.464,respectively,all P<0.01),and f showed a mild negative correlation with the fibrosis stage(r=-0.379,P<0.05),while Dp and α values showed no correlation with the fibrosis stages(all P>0.05).The ADC, Dt, f and DDC values all showed significant difference between stage≥S2 and≤S1,between stage≥S3 and≤S2(all P<0.05),and the parameter values of the former were greater than those of the latter. While Dp and α values showed no significant difference among both groups(all P>0.05).The AUCs of ADC,Dt,f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage ≥S2 were 0.738,0.835,0.740 and 0.831, and the AUCs of ADC, Dt, f and DDC values for detecting fibrosis stage≥S3 were 0.716, 0.811, 0.672 and 0.798. Conclusion The Dt derived from biexponential and DDC derived from stretched exponential DWI could be useful for the staging of hepatic fibrosis in CHB.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 407-411, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613562

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe quantitatively the optic radiation alterations in chronic Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) using MR diffusion tensor imaging at 3.0 T.Methods Twenty-five patients with chronic LHON and twenty-eight sex-and age-matched disease-free control subjects wereenrolled from March 2011 to December 2014.The whole brain DTI examination and retinal opticalcoherence tomography were performed in all the subjects.The parameters values of optic radiation includingfractional anisotropy(FA),mean diffusivity(MD),principal eigenvalue(λ//),orthogonal eigenvalue(λ⊥) and average retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and temporal retinal nerve fiber layer(RNFL) thickness were measured.For DTI and OCT parameters,differences between patients and controls and differences right and left of the patient group were evaluated using independent-samples t test and paired t test respectively.Results In LHON patients,the DEC maps showed that the bilateral optic radiation fibers were obviously sparse and slender.The values of FA,MD,λ// and λ⊥ in the right optic radiation were 0.523±0.050,(0.903±0.061) × 10-9 mm2/s,(4.999 ±-0.097) × 10-9 mm2/s and (4.126-± 0.065) × 10-9 mm2/s respectively,and the corresponding values of left optic radiation were 0.537±0.041,(1.057±0.573)× 10-9 mm2/s,(5.052±0.119)×10-9 mm2/s and (4.138±0.072)×1009 mm2/s.Compared with optic radiation in the control group,the bilateral FA was significant reduced,the bilateral λ⊥ value and right MD value were significant increased (t=-6.524,-6.045,6.932,6.454,3.471,P<0.05).However,there were no significant difference of the bilateral λ〃 and left MD (t=-0.457,1.221,1.833,P>0.05).There were no significant differences in FA,MD,λ//and λ⊥ between the left and right eyes in LHON patients(P>0.05).The values of average RNFL thickness and temporal RNFL thickness in right eyes were (59.36± 10.94) and (41.72±9.43) μm respectively,and the corresponding values of left eyes were (60.12±9.81),(44.72±9.43) μm.The average and temporal RNFL thickness were significantly thinned in LHON patients compared with the control group(t=-16.357,-10.398,-17.169,-9.672,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in average RNFL thickness between the left and right eyes (t=0.959,P>0.05),temporal RNFL thickness between the left and right eyes was statistically significant (t=2.645,P<0.05).Conclusion The bilateral optic radiation had significant degeneration and atrophy in chronic LHON.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 505-510, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610959

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively determine the feasibility of high-resolution in vivo MR imaging in the evaluation of esophageal carcinoma invasion at 3.0 T.Methods One hundred and eighteen patients with esophageal carcinoma,proven by the gastroscopic biopsy,were prospectively studied using 3.0 T MR.The esophageal specimens were sectioned transversely to keep consistent in the orientation with the MR images,the histopathological stage was made and the thickness of the tumor on the largest diameter of the slice were measured.The MR images were reviewed in the transverse plane.According to the seventh American joint committee on cancer,the MR stage was made and the tumor's thickness was measured.The MR images and the histopathological slices were matched.The staging diagnostic efficacy of the MR imaging was evaluated with the histopathological results as the standard reference,Kappa test was used to compare the stage of MR imaging with that at the histopathological analysis.Bland-Altman scatterplots were used to compare the thickness of tumor measured on the MR images with that at the histopathological measurement.Results Ninety seven cases(82.2%,97/118) of MR stage were accurately made,including 7 T1a,15 T1b,18 T2,25 T3 and 32 T4a cases,furthermore,14 cases were over staged and 7 cased were underestimated.The MR stage was highly consistent with the histopathological stage (Kappa=0.772).The sensitivity for the staging of high-resolution MR imaging at 3.0 T was 58.3%(7/12) to 100.0%(32/32),the specificity was 95.3% (82/86) to 98.1% (104/106),and the accuracy was 91.5% (108/118) to 96.6% (114/118),respectively.Bland-Altman scatterplots demonstrated that the discrepancy of the mean thickness between the value obtained by three radiologists respectively and the histopathological analysis were 2.0,2.6 and 2.1 mm,which demonstrated a good consistency.Conclusion High-resolution MR images obtained at 3.0 T can be used to evaluate the depth of carcinoma invasion and provide excellent diagnostic accuracy for preoperative staging.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607169

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) changes of striatal dopamine D2 receptors(SDDR) in patients with first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) using 11C-Raclopride PET/CT,and to analyze the relationship between BPND and Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAM-D).Methods From December 2014 to December 2015,patients with first-episode MDD and age/gender-matched healthy controls underwent brain MRI and 11C-Raclopride PET/CT in this prospective study.BPND of bilateral SDDR was calculated by molecular imaging and kinetic analysis toolbox (MIAKAT).BPND changes of bilateral SDDR and their relationship with HAM-D score were analyzed.Paired t test,two-sample t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used.Results A total of 20 MDD patients (8 males,12 females,average age: (32.80±9.76) years) and 20 healthy controls (9 males,11 females,average age:(29.25±6.93) years) were enrolled in this study.The 11C-Raclopride uptake in brain tissue of the MDD group and control group were mainly distributed in bilateral striatum,and very few 11C-Raclopride was distributed in bilateral cerebral cortex and cerebellum.In MDD group,the BPND level of bilateral SDDR had no statistical differences(t values: 0.69,0.35,both P>0.05),and similar results were found in the control group(t values: 0.28,0.24,both P>0.05).Compared with the control group,however,the MDD group had lower BPND level of bilateral SDDR(t values: 3.13-4.41,all P<0.05).The BPND of bilateral caudate nucleus and/or putamen D2 receptors was correlated with HAM-D total score,anxiety/somatization factor score,cognitive impairment factor score,retardation factor score and sleep disturbance factor score(r values: from-0.688 to-0.453,all P<0.05).Conclusions The binding potential of SDDR in patients with first-episode MDD is declined,and the BPND level of SDDR is correlated with symptoms of depression.The abnormality of SDDR may be an important molecular mechanism of the abnormality of midbrain-striatal dopamine reward circuits in MDD patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664851

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of mammogram texture analysis in prediction of metastasis of axillary lymph nodes for breast carcinoma.Methods Mammograms and clinical data of 171 patients with breast carcinoma confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed,and all patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND).Then the patients were divided into axillary lymph node metastasis group and non-metastasis group according to the result of ALND.The texture features of these lesions were statistically analyzed,including gray-level histogram texture parameters (mean value,standard deviation,skewness,kurtosis and variance) and gray-level co-occurrence matrix texture parameters (energy,entropy,correlation,inertia,inverse difference moment and contrast).Results In all of 171 breast cancer patients,96patients had axillary lymph node metastasis,while 75 patients had no metastasis.Mammograms showed negative axillary lymph nodes in 119 patients and positive axillary lymph nodes in 52 patients,and the sensitivity and specificity of mammograms in the diagnosis of positive axillary lymph nodes was 48.96% (47/96) and 93.33% (70/75),respectively.Mammogram texture analysis showed the values of energy,entropy,inverse difference moment and correlation in axillary lymph node metastasis group were higher than those in non-metastasis group,while the values of inertia and contrast in the axillary lymph node metastasis group were lower than those in non-metastasis group (all P<0.05).The rest texture parameters had no significant differences between two groups (all P>0.05).Area under curve (AUC) for texture parameters of energy,entropy,inertia,inverse difference moment,correlation and contrast was 0.610,0.610,0.374,0.599,0.612 and 0.421 (all P<0.05),respectively.AUC of mammography,mammogram texture features,and the combination of mammography and texture features was 0.711,0.676 and 0.787 (all P<0.05),respectively.The sensitivity and specificity of mammogram texture features,the combination of mammography and texture features in diagnosis of axillary lymph nodes metastasis was 62.5% and 64.6%,66.7% and 82.7%,respectively.Conclusion Mammogram texture parameters are helpful for predicting axillary lymph node metastasis,and the combination of mammography and texture features can improve diagnostic efficiency of axillary lymph node metastasis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Pedicle screw implantation is a common method to repair many kinds of diseases of the lower cervical spine. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction visualization system can be used in order to improve the accuracy of the implant and improve the prognosis. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of 3D reconstruction visualization system on the accuracy of cervical pedicle screw implantation. METHODS: The clinical data of 89 patients with cervical spine dislocation, who underwent cervical pedicle screw implantation, were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into control group (46 cases) and observation group (43 cases) according to the navigation method. Patients in the control group underwent C arm X ray two dimensional navigation. Patients in the observation group underwent three-dimensional reconstruction visualization system navigation. Intraoperative placement time was observed, and the accuracy of screw placement was assessed in both groups. The cases were folowed up for 12 months, and the adverse events were recorded and compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Intraoperative implantation time was shorter in the observation group than in the control group, but no significant difference was found (P> 0.05). (2) Accuracy rate: There were no three types of nail cases in the observation group, and the accuracy rate was 93% (40/43). In the control group, two cases affected three types of nailing, and the accuracy rate was 81% (37/46). The accuracy rate was significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P < 0.05). (3) Postoperative folow-up: None suffered from nerve tissue injury to vertebral artery, blood vessel and spinal cord. The screws of the two groups were in stable condition, without screw breakage or loosening. (4) Results suggested that in lower cervical pedicle nail implantation, 3D reconstruction navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of screw placement, and does not increase nailing time or lead to adverse events. It is a safe and effective navigation mode.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1056-1058,1062, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate CT appearances of abdominal primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma(MFH).Methods The CT characteristics,clinical features and pathological data of 1 7 patients with MFH proved pathologically were analyzed retrospectively. Results The lesions located in retroperitoneum were 6,in liver were 5,in kidney were 2,in superior mesentery was 1,in greater omentum was 1,in stomach was 1,in ileum was 1.The lesions are oval shape,lobulated,nodule shape,and the size of these lesions were large. 2 cases of MFH located in gastrointestinal tract were slightly low density,and the remaining were uneven high density due to necro-sis.In CT contrast enhanced scan,the solid portion and internal divisions showed progressive or continuous enhancement,and the nec-rosis were not enhanced in MFH located in the retroperitoneum,the greater omentum,the superior mesentery and the liver.MFH in kidney was poorly circumscribed and showed mild progressive enhancement lower than normal renal parenchyma.The stomach and ileum lesions showed uniform and continuous enhancement with normal gastrointestinal mucosa in corresponding parts.Conclusion Imaging features of retroperitoneal MFH were the same as those of interstitial tumors,and most tumors showed features of progres-sive and persistent enhancement,but have different imaging appearances with the malignant lesions in corresponding parts.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1066-1069,1084, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604567

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the imaging characteristics of testicular germ cell tumors and to improve the MRI diagnostic level. Methods MRI and clinical data of 25 cases confirmed testicular germ cell tumor by pathological examination were retrospectively analyzed. All the 25 cases were performed plain scan of MRI,and 16 patients underwent MRI enhanced scan.The size,morphology,signal intensity, adjacent structures,enhancement figure and tumor supplying artery were assessed and the histopathological findings were servered as the standard of reference.Results In the all 25 testicular germ cell tumors,10 cases were seminoma,8 cases showed homogeneous low signal intensity,2 cases of seminoma were low signal intensity on T2 WI,furthermore 5 cases performed poor nodular enhance-ment,2 cases performed homogeneous enhancement,4 cases performed fibrous septa enhancement.4 cases were yolk sac tumor ap-peared equal-low signal on T1 WI,slightly high signal intensity on T2 WI and progressive enhancement.Mature teratoma,pidermoid cyst and mixed germ cell tumor were 3 cases respectively,the MRI demonstrated mixed low signal intensity on T1 WI and mixed high signal on T2 WI.2 cases were embryonal carcinoma demonstrated middle-low signal intensity on T1 WI,and mixed low signal intensity on T2 WI.The two cases revealed bleeding signal intensity and septa enhancement.Conclusion MRI can be used to diagnose germ cell tumors with high accuracy,and provides essential information for pathological type,stage and differential diagnosis.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1262-1264,1292, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604489

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate radiation dose diffent type of anesthesia affected radiation dose when we do interventional therapy for child patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).Methods From 201 1 to 2014,we collected 50 children(3-6 years old)with PDA which received interventional therapy were included in the study.They were divided into two groups:group A (25 cases,male/fe-male=7/18,mean weight=1 5.32 kg±2.41 5 kg)underwent interventional therapy of PDA under general anesthesia,and group B (25 cases,male/female=13/12,mean weight=1 6.40 kg±2.056 kg)using local anesthesia.The surgery were operated by the same doctor,we used DSA children cardiovascular film AE mode (ped CARD)to monitor the surgery,image frames 1 5-30 f/s,used the non-ionic contrast agent (Iodixanol 320 mg I/mL)and recorded the child cumulative incidence of skin surface dose (AK),dose area product(DAP),and time of fluoroscopy,and do statistical analysis.Results All 50 cases were performed the surgery successfully. There were no significant difference of age,weight and gender between groups (age:t=1.924,P =0.06;weight:t =1.703,P =0.095;gender:χ2 =3.00,P =0.083).The cumulative incidence of skin surface dose (AK),dose area product (DAP)and time of fluoroscopy were (0.061±0.025)Gy,(5.08±2.19)Gy·cm2 and (3.15±1.16)min in A group,and (0.094±0.046)Gy,(8.41±3.587)Gy·cm2 , (6.86±3.27)min in B group.The sequence and image number of two groups were same.There were significantly differences of cumulative incidence of skin surface dose (AK),dose area product (DAP)and time of fluoroscopy between two groups (AK:t =3.152,P =0.003;DAP:t =3.957,P =0.000;time of fluoroscopy:t =5.346,P =0.000).The radiation doses of A group significantly lower than B group,compared with B group,the radiation dose were 40 percent [(1-5.08/8.41)%]lower in A group,the 1.1 7 times discrepancy of time of fluoroscopy between two group [(3.1 5-6.86)/3.1 5].Conclusion Radiation dose is associated with type of anesthesia. Compared with local anesthesia,radiation dose reduced 40% using general anesthesia during interventional therapy for PDA.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510893

ABSTRACT

Purpose The study aimed to explore gender differences of brain activation in healthy volunteers under the stimulation of emotional pictures.Materials and Methods The cerebral functional imaging data of twenty healthy volunteers at Henan Medical College from Nov.2014 to Dec.2014 were prospectively studied (12 males and 8 females).Emotional pictures (30 positive,30 negative and 30 neutral pictures) from Chinese Affective Picture System (CAPS) were used randomly as visual stimuli for both males and females.Functional MRI was performed while each subject was stimulated by emotional pictures.The fMRI data were processed and the statistical analysis was performed to obtain the activated brain regions of males and females and to compare the gender differences.Results Under the stimuli of negative emotional pictures,bilateral temporal lobe,bilateral cuneus in men and bilateral cuneus in women were activated under the stimuli of positive emotional pictures (P<0.05).Compared with men,increased activation of left amygdala,bilateral prefrontal gyrus,bilateral precuneus and right insula were observed in women under the stimuli of negative pictures.The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Compared with women,no cerebral region was more activated in men under the stimuli of negative pictures.Under the stimuli of positive emotional pictures,the left prefrontal gyrus in women was more activated than that in men whilst the left temporal lobe in men was more activated than that in women.The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion Gender differences of activated cerebral regions under stimuli of emotional pictures do exist in healthy volunteers.In particular,more cerebral regions and increased activation were observed in women compare to men,which demonstrates that women response stronger to negative emotion.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481023

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Objective To investigate the CT imaging characteristics of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the liver.Methods The CT, clinical and histopathologic data of 6 patients with MFH were analyzed retrospectively.All the cases were confirmed by surgery and histopathological examinations.Results The tumors were located in the right liver in 4 patients and the left liver in 2 patients.The maximum diameter of the tumors ranged from 5 to 20 cm.All the tumors were unevenly hypodense on plain CT scan.Four tumors had relatively well-defined margins, while 2 tumors had ill-defined margins.After contrast enhancement, the peripheral and internal divisions of the three storiform-pleomorptic MFH showed progressive enhancement.The peripheral and internal divisions of the two inflammatory MFH were obviously enhanced in the arterial phase, and the enhancement decreased in the portal and delayed phases.The hypodense areas of the one myxiod MFH were not enhanced, but the internal floc and divisions were progressive enhanced.On gross pathology, the tumors were round or irregular in shape, most had a complete capsule with multiple surrounding vessels.These findings correlated well with the CT findings.Conclusions CT findings of primary Hepatic MFH have some characteristics.The enhancement pattern is manifested in a fast wash-in and slow wash-out pattern.However, the final diagnosis still relies on histopathological examination.

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Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 136-139, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473516

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of in-flow inversion recovery (IFIR)sequence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)at 1.5T in diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS).Methods A total of 45 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome diagnosed by surgery or interventional surgery in our institution were enrolled.The prerequisite of the study was that all medical imaging data including MRI and digital subtraction angiography (DSA)should be integrated.Then,the diagnostic accuracy rates between IFIR sequence and DSA were analyzed and compared.Results Of all 45 patients with BCS,40 (88.9%)were diagnosed accurately by IF-IR sequence,including typeⅠa in 10,typeⅠb in 14,typeⅡ in 10 and type Ⅲ in 6.Meanwhile,41 (91.1%)were diagnosed accu-rately by DSA,including typeⅠa in 8,typeⅠb in 14,typeⅡ in 13 and type Ⅲ in 6.No significant difference was showed in diag-nostic accuracy between two imaging methods (P >0.05).Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that the diagnostic accuracy of IFIR sequence was highly consistent with that of DSA(r =0.853,P <0.001 ).However,there existed significant difference be-tween two methods in accurate diagnosis of typeⅠa and typeⅡ BCS (P <0.05).Conclusion MRI IFIR sequence at 1.5T is highly consistent with DSA in diagnosis and classification of BCS,which can be used as a reliable method of preoperative screening for BCS diagnosis.

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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 410-413, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467507

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of dynamic contrast?enhanced MRI (DCE?MRI) in the differential diagnosis of glioblastoma and brain metastases. Methods Twenty patients with high grade gliomas and 20 cases patients with brain metastases proved by surgery and pathology were collected, and patients were examined with conventional MRI and DCE?MRI preoperatively. The ROIs were manually placed in solid parts of the tumors and their surrounding tissues to calculate Ktrans, Kep and Ve values. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values differences for the solid part and surrounding tissues of the two brain tumors were compared by two independent sample t test. The correlation between Ktrans of the solid parts of the two brain tumors and Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of their surrounding tissues were studied by Pearson correlation analysis. Results The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of glioblastoma were(0.258 ± 0.063)min-1,(0.398 ± 0.082)min-1, 0.632±0.084, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of brain metastases were(0.233±0.053)min-1,(0.357±0.042)min-1, 0.672±0.113. There were no significant differences between the glioblastoma and brain metastases for Ktrans, Kep and Ve values(t=-1.354,-1.982, 1.276, all P>0.05). The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of glioblastoma were(0.093±0.032)min-1,(0.411±0.089)min-1, 0.107±0.021, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of brain metastases were(0.033±0.010)min-1,(0.204±0.045)min-1, 0.069±0.017. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues between glioblastoma and brain metastases had significant difference (t=-7.978,-9.303,-6.203, all P0.05). Conclusion The DCE?MRI can quantitatively display the microvascular permeability and accurately evaluate the damage of blood?brain barrier of glioblastoma and brain metastases, which has an important value in studying biological characteristics and differential diagnosis of the two brain tumors.

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