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1.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 598-604, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001275

ABSTRACT

Penetrating head injury is a serious open cranial injury. In civilians, it is often caused by non-missile, low velocity flying objects that penetrate the skull through a weak cranial structure, forming intracranial foreign bodies. The intracranial foreign body can be displaced due to its special quality, shape, and location. In this paper, we report a rare case of right-to-left displacement of an airgun lead bullet after transorbital entry into the skull complicated by posttraumatic epilepsy, as a reminder to colleagues that intracranial metal foreign bodies maybe displaced intraoperatively. In addition, we have found that the presence of intracranial metallic foreign bodies may be a factor for the posttraumatic epilepsy, and their timely removal appears to be beneficial for epilepsy control.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1533-1543, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010620

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with the impairment of white matter (WM) tracts. The current study aimed to verify the utility of WM as the neuroimaging marker of AD with multisite diffusion tensor imaging datasets [321 patients with AD, 265 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 279 normal controls (NC)], a unified pipeline, and independent site cross-validation. Automated fiber quantification was used to extract diffusion profiles along tracts. Random-effects meta-analyses showed a reproducible degeneration pattern in which fractional anisotropy significantly decreased in the AD and MCI groups compared with NC. Machine learning models using tract-based features showed good generalizability among independent site cross-validation. The diffusion metrics of the altered regions and the AD probability predicted by the models were highly correlated with cognitive ability in the AD and MCI groups. We highlighted the reproducibility and generalizability of the degeneration pattern of WM tracts in AD.


Subject(s)
Humans , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging/methods , Alzheimer Disease/complications , Reproducibility of Results , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Brain/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2897-2913, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981239

ABSTRACT

MADS-box gene family is a significant transcription factor family that plays a crucial role in regulating plant growth, development, signal transduction, and other processes. In order to study the characteristics of MADS-box gene family in Docynia delavayi (Franch.) Schneid. and its expression during different stages of seed germination, this study used seedlings at different stages of germination as materials and screened MADS-box transcription factors from the transcriptome database of D. delavayi using bioinformatics methods based on transcriptome sequencing. The physical and chemical properties, protein conservative motifs, phylogenetic evolution, and expression patterns of the MADS-box transcription factors were analyzed. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression of MADS-box gene family members during different stages of seed germination in D. delavayi. The results showed that 81 genes of MADS-box gene family were identified from the transcriptome data of D. delavayi, with the molecular weight distribution ranged of 6 211.34-173 512.77 Da and the theoretical isoelectric point ranged from 5.21 to 10.97. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the 81 genes could be divided into 15 subgroups, among which DdMADS27, DdMADS42, DdMADS45, DdMADS46, DdMADS53, DdMADS61, DdMADS76, DdMADS77 and DdMADS79 might be involved in the regulation of ovule development in D. delavayi. The combination of the transcriptome data and the qRT-PCR analysis results of D. delavayi seeds indicated that DdMADS25 and DdMADS42 might be involved in the regulation of seed development, and that DdMADS37 and DdMADS38 might have negative regulation effects on seed dormancy. Previous studies have reported that the MIKC* subgroup is mainly involved in regulating flower organ development. For the first time, we found that the transcription factors of the MIKC* subgroup exhibited a high expression level at the early stage of seed germination, so we speculated that the MIKC* subgroup played a regulatory role in the process of seed germination. To verify the accuracy of this speculation, we selected DdMADS60 and DdMADS75 from the MIKC* subgroup for qRT-PCR experiments, and the experimental results were consistent with the expression trend of transcriptome sequencing. This study provides a reference for further research on the biological function of D. delavayi MADS-box gene family from the perspective of molecular evolution.


Subject(s)
MADS Domain Proteins/metabolism , Phylogeny , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant , Transcription Factors/genetics , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 893-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976461

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence rate of pre myopia among preschoolers and its associated factors, so as to provide a basis for the formulation of myopia prevention and control policies.@*Methods@#In May 2022, a tatol of 1 070 preschoolers in the Science City Area of Mianyang City were selected by using a cluster sampling method. The visual acuity of preschool children was obtained through refractive examination, and a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate associated factors of myopia in the preclinical stage by Chi square test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#The prevalence rate of pre myopia in preschoolers was 67.01%, including 66.30% for boys and 67.76% for girls. There was no significant difference by sex( χ 2=0.26, P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that at least one parent with myopia, too much near work activities, time spent on outdoor activity <2 h per day, lack of sleep, and screen time ≥1 h per day were positively correlated with the occurrence of pre myopia( OR =1.62, 1.46, 1.46, 1.38, 1.53, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of pre myopia among preschool children in Science City Area is high. It is suggested that parents, kindergartens and relevant departments should pay attention to the visual status of preschoolers, increase outdoor activities, ensure adequate sleep and train preschoolers to develop scientific eye hygiene habits.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 893-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976459

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence rate of pre myopia among preschoolers and its associated factors, so as to provide a basis for the formulation of myopia prevention and control policies.@*Methods@#In May 2022, a tatol of 1 070 preschoolers in the Science City Area of Mianyang City were selected by using a cluster sampling method. The visual acuity of preschool children was obtained through refractive examination, and a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate associated factors of myopia in the preclinical stage by Chi square test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*Results@#The prevalence rate of pre myopia in preschoolers was 67.01%, including 66.30% for boys and 67.76% for girls. There was no significant difference by sex( χ 2=0.26, P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that at least one parent with myopia, too much near work activities, time spent on outdoor activity <2 h per day, lack of sleep, and screen time ≥1 h per day were positively correlated with the occurrence of pre myopia( OR =1.62, 1.46, 1.46, 1.38, 1.53, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of pre myopia among preschool children in Science City Area is high. It is suggested that parents, kindergartens and relevant departments should pay attention to the visual status of preschoolers, increase outdoor activities, ensure adequate sleep and train preschoolers to develop scientific eye hygiene habits.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 981-985, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957927

ABSTRACT

Twenty general practice residents who received training in Tongren Hospital from 2018 to 2020 were enrolled. The residents undertook rotation in chronic disease care clinic of the general medicine department, and a multi-disciplinary integrated teaching mode was applied. The theoretical knowledge test, skill assessment and self-evaluation were performed before and after rotation. The 360-degree evaluation was carried out when leaving the department (study group), the results were compared with that of internal medicine (control group) in the same period. The teaching effect was comprehensively evaluated. The scores of theoretical knowledge and skill assessment after rotation were significantly higher than those before rotation ( P<0.01). The self-evaluated ability was significantly higher than that at admission, especially in general practice thinking (7.85±0.88), doctor-patient communication (7.95±0.69), health education (7.80±0.70) and disease management (8.20±0.62) ( P<0.01). The 360-degree evaluation showed that the study group was better than the control group in interpersonal communication skills [(4.75±0.44) vs. (4.41±0.50)], system-based work ability[(4.75±0.44) vs. (4.31±0.47)], practice-based learning and improvement [(4.80±0.41) vs. (4.33±0.48)], patient care [(4.75±0.44) vs. (4.28±0.46)] and training mode satisfaction [(4.85±0.37) vs. (4.38±0.49)] (all P<0.05). The study indicates that the multi-disciplinary integrated teaching mode applied for rotation in the chronic disease care clinic of the general medicine department can improve the teaching effect and raise the teaching quality for general practice residency training.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 328-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927714

ABSTRACT

Docynia longiunguis is a plant uniquely present in China and is of high edible and medicinal value. The analysis of its chloroplast genome will help clarify the phylogenetic relationship among Docynia and facilitate the development and utilization of D. longiunguis resources. Based on the alignment of chloroplast genome sequences of related species, the phylogeny and codon preference were analyzed. The total length of D. longiunguis chloroplast genome sequence was 158 914 bp (GenBank accession number is MW367027), with an average GC content of 36.7%. The length of the large single-copy (LSC), the small single-copy (SSC), and inverted repeats (IRs) are 87 020 bp, 19 156 bp, and 26 369 bp, respectively. A total of 102 functional genes were annotated, including 72 protein-coding genes, 26 tRNA genes, and 4 rRNA genes. The best model for constructing phylogenetic tree was TVM+F+R2. D. longiunguis and Docynia indica were clustered into a single group, while Docynia and Malus were clustered into a single group. Comparison of the chloroplast genome sequences of D. longiunguis and its five related species revealed that trnY (GUA)-psbD, ndhC-trnV (UAC), accD-psaI, psbZ-trnfM (CAU), ndhF-trnL gene regions varied greatly. The nucleic acid diversity analysis showed that there were 11 high variation areas with nucleotide variability > 0.01, all were located in the LSC and SSC regions. Except for D. longiunguis, the trnH genes in other sequences were located at the IRs/LSC junction and did not cross the boundary. Codon preference analysis showed that D. longiunguis chloroplast genome has the largest number of isoleucine (Ile) codons, up to 1 205. D. longiunguis has the closest genetic relationship with Malus baccata, Malus sieboldii, Malus hupehensis and Chaenomeles sinensis. Its chloroplast genome codon prefers to end with A/T. The chloroplast genome of D. longiunguis and other Rosaceae chloroplast genomes showed great differences in gene distribution in four boundary regions, while relatively small differences from the chloroplast genomes of Docynia delavayi and D. indica of the same genus were observed. The genome annotation, phylogenetic analysis and sequence alignment of chloroplast genome of D. longiunguis may facilitate the identification, development and utilization of this species.


Subject(s)
Codon Usage , Genome, Chloroplast , Genomics , Phylogeny , Rosaceae
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 99-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To use three-dimensional (3D) scanning to measure the preoperative and postoperative nasal parameters of the patients received rhinoplasty with ear cartilage and silicone prosthesis, and to evaluate the clinical effect of the surgery.Methods:Sixteen female patients with an average age of 28.3 years, ranged from 21 to 35 years, received rhinoplasty with ear cartilage and silicone prosthesis in Wuhan Tongji Hospital from June 2018 to February 2019. Preoperative and postoperative 3D scanning was performed to measure nasal parameters, including linear length, angle, and proportional index.Results:All patients were satisfied with the postoperative outcomes. The postoperative nasal length, nasal height, and nasal depth increased significantly, and the postoperative nasal width and nasal tip width decreased. The postoperative nasolabial angle and nasofrontal angle were statistically improved, while the preoperative and postoperative data of columellar facial angle, nasal tip angle, and nasal column-lobular angle were not significantly different. The ratios of nasal depth and nasal width, nasal index and nasal tip protrusion were improved after surgery, while the postoperative ratios of nasal columella and nasal lobules length were not statistically improved.Conclusions:The 3D scanning allows for comprehensive and accurate measurement of the nasal parameters. The rhinoplasty with ear cartilage and silicone prosthesis is more effective in improving the overall contour of the nose, but less effective in improving the aesthetics of the nasal tip.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1209-1216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation on the sagittal parameters of lumbar degenerative diseases of 2-4 segments.Methods:A total of 45 patients with 2-4 segments lumbar degenerative diseases, who underwent decompression and internal fixation in our hospital from March 2014 to July 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 22 females with an average age of 55±18 years (range 15-86 years). Dynesys dynamic fixation was performed in 22 cases and fusion fixation in 23 cases. Lumbar anteroposterior, flexion and extension lateral and standing full-length spine radiographs were taken before surgery, 2 weeks postoperatively, 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. Sagittal alignment parameters were measured on those radiographs and compared between two groups. Lumbar parameters included lumbar lordosis (LL), lordosis of the fixed segments (LFx), lordosis of the adjacent level to fixed segment (LAdj) and lumbar range of motion (ROM). Pelvic parameters included pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS).Results:All cases were followed up for 12-50 months with an average of 18.5 months. There was no significant intra- and inter-group difference of LL value between Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation group before and after surgery ( P>0.05). The overall difference of LFx between groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.700, P=0.406). There was statistically significant variance between time points ( F=7.960, P<0.001) and an interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.940, P=0.006). The LFx of the fusion fixation group was more than that of the dynamic fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The difference of LAdj value between the two groups was not statistically significant ( F=0.520, P=0.476), while the difference between time points was significant ( F=4.810, P=0.002) with interaction effect between group and time ( F=3.560, P=0.010). Postoperative ROM values of the two groups showed statistically significant differences in group effect, time effect and interaction effect, respectively ( F=4.770, P=0.034; F=18.510, P<0.001; F=5.940, P=0.002). Dynamic fixation group's ROM was more than that of the fusion fixation group at 3 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference of PI between groups and between different time points ( F=0.580, P=0.451; F=0.750; P=0.477). There was no interaction effect in PI between group and time ( F=0.120, P=0.886). There was no significant difference of PT and SS between two groups ( F=0.320, P=0.576; F=0.020, P=0.901). Both time effect and interaction effect were statistically significant ( P<0.05). One complication of unilateral S 1 screw loosening happened in one patient with dynamic fixed at 2 years after surgery. There was no complication in the fusion fixation group during the follow-up. Conclusion:Both Dynesys dynamic fixation and fusion fixation can effectively reconstruct the lumbar lordosis. The fixed segments' lordosis of Dynesys was less than that of fusion fixation from 3 months after operation. Theoretically, the similar increasing trends of LAdj after fixation implied that the degeneration of adjacent segments may occur in both fixation systems. The dynamic fixation can retain more ROM than the fusion fixation. Both two fixation systems have similar influence on the pelvic parameters.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1066-1072, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical diagnosis and treatment experience of pelvic fracture complicated with anterior sacroiliac joint dislocation.Methods:The data of 19 patients with pelvic fracture and anterior sacroiliac joint dislocation admitted from June 2013 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 7 females; aged 9-67 years, with an average of 28.0 years. There were 11 cases of traffic accident injury, 6 of falling injury and 2 of crashing injury caused by machine extrusion. According to the Tile classification, there were 8 cases of type C1, 2 of type C2, and 9 of type C3; 6 cases of modified mangled extremity severity score (MESS) were greater than or equal to 7, of which 2 cases underwent hip amputation, 4 cases underwent king-steelquis semipelvectomy. 13 cases underwent limb-salvage surgery, of which 3 cases underwent external fixation surgery, and the remaining 10 cases underwent open reduction and internal fixation with steel plate. The reduction quality was evaluated according to the Matta imaging criteria of pelvis, the pain was evaluated according to the visual analogue scale (VAS), and the pelvic function was evaluated according to the Majeed score.Results:The operation time was 2 to 4 hours, with an average of 3.2 hours; the intraoperative blood loss was 400 to 1 200 ml, with an average of 768.4 ml. The 18 surviving patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months, with an average of 11.6 months. One of the 6 amputation patients died one week after the operation due to septic shock and multiple organ failure. The overall survival rate of the patients was 94.7% (18/19), and the amputation rate was 31.6% (6/19). The pelvic fractures of the 18 surviving patients were all healed, and the fracture healing time was 3 to 6 months, with an average of 4.2 months. No delayed union or nonunion occurred. At the last follow-up of the 18 surviving patients, the VAS was 2.4±1.9 points (range, 0-6 points). Among them, there were no pain in 3 cases, mild pain in 9 cases and moderate pain in 6 cases. At the last follow-up, 13 patients undergoing limb salvage treatment evaluated the quality of reduction according to Matta imaging criteria. Among them, 6 cases were excellent, 4 were good, 2 were fair, and 1 was poor. The excellent and good rate was 76.9% (10/13). The Majeed functional score was 81.8±11.9 points (range, 53-95 points). Among them, 6 cases were excellent, 5 were good, 1 was fair, and 1 was poor. The excellent and good rate was 84.6% (11/13). In the limb salvage treatment group, 4 patients with lumbosacral nerve injury caused limited hip joint movement function, and unilateral lower limb sensation and movement were weakened. After neurolysis and nutritional support treatment, the patient's sensorimotor function was significantly improved.Conclusion:The mortality and disability rate of pelvic fractures combined with anterior sacroiliac joint dislocation is high. In order to save the patient's life, early diagnosis of limb injury and early surgical intervention should be performed. If necessary, hip disarticulation or king-steelquis should be selected.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1018-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in pelvic fractures with lumbosacral plexus injury.Methods:From January 2014 to June 2020, data of 9 patients with pelvic fractures combined with lumbosacral plexus injury who were diagnosed with MRN and were performed surgical treatment were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, there were 8 males and 1 female, aged from 18 to 54 years, with an average age of 40.6±11.0 years. There were 2 fresh fractures within 3 weeks and 7 old pelvic fractures in 9 patients. According to AO classification, there were 6 cases of C1.3 type, 3 cases of C3 type. According to Denis classification of sacral fracture, there were 8 cases of Denis II type, 1 case of Denis III. Gibbons classification of nerve injury: 2 cases of grade II, 4 cases of grade III, 3 cases of grade IV; According to the criteria by the Nervous Injury Committee of British Medical Research Council (BMRC): 2 cases of M1, 3 cases of M2, 2 cases of M3, 2 cases of M4. Before the operation, the MRN technology was used to accurately locate the location and extent of the lumbosacral nerve injury, and nerve exploration release or internal fixation combined with nerve exploration release was employed for treatment.Results:All 9 patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time ranged from 150 to 360 min, with an average of 217.8±63.8 min; intraoperative blood loss ranged from 200 to 1 100 ml, with an average of 388.9±293.4 ml. All patients were followed up for 21.6±19.3 months. All the fractures were healed, and the healing time was 12.7±2.2 months (range, 10-18 months). At the last follow-up, Gibbons classification of nerve injury: 3 cases of grade I, 5 cases of grade II, and 1 case of grade III. According to the criteria of BMRC: the muscle strength achieved M5 in 6 cases, M4 in 2 cases, M3 in 1 case. One patient developed a urinary system infection 2 months after discharge and recovered after treatment.Conclusion:MRN technique can assist the surgeon to fully understand the compression and traction damage of the lumbosacral nerve by the fracture before the operation, and make clear qualitative and localized diagnosis of the nerve damage, making the operation more precise and minimally invasive, which is a supplement to the traditional diagnosis method of lumbosacral plexus injury.

12.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 188-192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of interleukin (IL)-37 on the immune function of regulatory T cells (Treg) in sepsis.Methods:TTregs were isolated and purified from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice and cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into the control group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group, IL-37 group, LPS+IL-37 group, LPS+3-Methyladenine (3-MA) group, LPS+3-MA+IL-37 group, LPS+Rapamaycin group, and LPS+Rapamaycin+IL-37 group. Culture supernatants and cells were collected, respectively, after cell culture for 24, 48, and 72 h. The secretion of IL-10 and TGF-β by Tregs was detected by ELISA, expressions of forkhead wing-link transcription factor (Foxp3) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes antigen 4 (CTLA-4) were measured by flow cytometry. Formation and number of autophagosomes were observed by transmission electron microscope. Western blot was used to determine expressions of autophagy associated proteins, including LC3I/II and Beclin1. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used to construct septic mice model, and the differences in survival rates between the groups were recorded and compared.Results:IL-37 was given to Tregs at 24, 48, and 72 h after LPS stimulation. The function of Treg was significantly enhanced after 72 h of synergistically stimulation by both LPS and IL-37. After stimulation with LPS and IL-37, the formation of autophagosomes in Tregs was obviously increased under observation of transmission electron microscopy. Pretreatment with autophagy agonist Rapamycin and autophagy inhibitor 3-MA was applied for altering the activity of cell autophagy. It was noticed that immune function of Treg was significantly decreased in the 3-MA group compared with the control group, while it was enhanced in the Rapamycin group. Secretion of TGF-β in the 3-MA group presented with significant reduction, which showed a marked increase in the Rapamycin group. However, no significant differences were found in IL-10 levels among various groups. Administration of IL-37 improved the survival rates of septic mice, which was much more efficient by treatment prior to the onset of sepsis.Conclusions:IL-37 appears to be capable of augmenting immune function of Tregs in an autophagy-dependent pathway, which might contribute to maintaining homeostasis of immune response in the setting of sepsis, and further improves the survival and prognosis of septic mice.

13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 505-508, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810992

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus, later named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still gradually spreading worldwide. The nucleic acid test or genetic sequencing serves as the gold standard method for confirmation of infection, yet several recent studies have reported false-negative results of real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). Here, we report two representative false-negative cases and discuss the supplementary role of clinical data with rRT-PCR, including laboratory examination results and computed tomography features. Coinfection with SARS-COV-2 and other viruses has been discussed as well.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 421-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To classify the ultrasound features of ovarian tumors by modified gynecology imaging reporting and data system(mGI-RADS), and explore the clinical value of mGI-RADS in differentiating of benign and malignant tumors.Methods:The 242 ultrasound images of the adnexal mass from 221 patients with ovarian tumor who underwent ultrasound scan and proceeded surgeries in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from September 2017 and December 2019 were involved in the retrospective analysis and compared with the pathological results. According to the latest ultrasound terminology for adnexal masses proposed by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA), the adnexal masses were classified. The suspeted malignant sings were screened for mGI-RADS. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, all the adnexal masses were double-blindly classified by two senior doctors and their diagnostic efficiencies were evaluated.Results:Among the suspected malignant signs proposed by IOTA, resistance index (RI)<0.5, central blood flow signal, ascites, irregular cystic wall with uneven thickness separation, mass composition (solid component ≥30% and silent shadow attenuation), and papillary structure≥7 mm, showed retatively higher OR values(14.282, 10.372, 9.653, 8.832, 5.851, 4.506, respectively. Using GI-RADS and mGI-RADS classification systems, the diagnostic consistency by the two senior doctors in differentiating benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms was good(Kappa=0.767, P<0.05). Grade Ⅳ was divided into three subtypes (Ⅳa, Ⅳb, Ⅳc) by the mGI-RADS, and their positive predictive values for malignant ovarian masses were 69.0%, 90.4% and 92.9% respectively. When a cut-off value >mGRⅣ was used to distinguish the benign and malignant adnexal tumors, the AUC was the largest, and its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 93.4%, 93.1%, 90.4%, 95.2% and 93.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The mGI-RADS has a high clinical value in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 247-253, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745049

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis using bone transport technique in the treatment of traumatic talus infection or loss. Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 15 patients with talus infection or loss admitted to the provincial hospital affiliated to Shandong University from June 2011 to October 2017. There were 13 males and two females, aged from 19 to 47 years, with an average age of 27 years. Thirteen patients had talus infection and two patients had talus loss. All patients underwent tibiocalcaneal fusion with external fixator using bone transport technique, including four patients treated with annular external fixator and 11 with unilateral external fixator. Six patients with severe infection underwent debridement at stage I and osteotomy at stage II, and the other nine underwent debridement and osteotomy at the same time. The length of new bone, the fixation time of external fixator and complications were recorded. The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ( AOFAS ) score was used to evaluate the efficacy. Results All patients were followed up for 18-35 months, with an average of 26 months. The length of new bone in proximal tibial osteotomy area was 5-16 cm, with an average of 9 cm. The external fixators were removed after bone healing at docking site and maturation of new bone. The fixation time of external fixator ranged from 13 to 27 months, with an average of 18 months. No complications such as needle breakage, recurrence of infection and calcaneal varus occurred, and the length of both lower limbs was equal. AOFAS score was increased from preoperative (42. 0 ± 3. 6)points (31-55 points) to (76. 0 ± 4. 2)points (69-86 points ) at the last follow-up. Conclusion Tibiocalcaneal arthrodesis using bone transport technique is proved to be effective in treating traumatic talus infection or loss, which can repair the bone defect after debridement, improve the ankle-hindfoot function and improve the quality of life.

16.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 336-340, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754808

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of cartilage acetabular ,glenoid labrum and acetabular tissue on closed reduction of developmental dysplasia of hip ( DDH ) by analyzing the outcomes of the ultrasound measurement on DDH before and after Pavik Harness treatment . Methods Graf method was used in ultrasound measurement before the treatment . Position of cartilaginous acetabulum and glenoid labrum and displacement direction of femoral head in 31 patients with hip dislocations ( type D ,type Ⅲ ,typeⅣ ,36 hips) were recorded . T he follow‐up testing with ultrasound measurement on the inside of the hip were performed after 1 -2 weeks of Pavik Harness treatment . M ediolateral dimension ,anteroposterior dimension and the area of maximum section of acetabular tissue were measured . Reduction effects were evaluated . Results T he success rate of reduction of dislocation hips with cartilaginous acetabulum on the head orientation was obviously higher than that on the foot orientation( P <0 .000 1) . T he success rate of reduction of dislocation hips with glenoid labrum on the head orientation was obviously higher than that on the foot orientation ( P = 0 .001 6 ) . T here was a statistically significant difference in the success rate of different types of hip dislocation ( type D , type Ⅲ , type Ⅳ ) ( P= 0 .002 7 ) . T here were statistically significant differences in mediolateral dimension ,anteroposterior dimension and the area of maximum section of acetabular tissue between the reduction group and the group without dislocation ,the irreducible group and the group without dislocation ,the irreducible group and the reduction group ( P < 0 .01) . Conclusions Ultrasonography is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of children with DDH . T he position of hip cartilaginous acetabulum and glenoid labrum ,types of hip dislocation and the volume of acetabular tissue have important effects on the success of the closed reduction .

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1659-1664, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753666

ABSTRACT

With the further research on the pathogenic factors of ankylosing spondylitis (AS),though the mechanism of its pathogenesis is not fully understood,many treatment methods of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)have achieved good results in the treatment.Therefore,TCM has certain advantages in the treatment of AS,and shows a good application prospect.Retrieval CNKI,Wanfang database and VIP Chinese database,retrieval of domestic clinical research literature on AS in recent years,with the latest advances in the understanding of TCM in the treatment of AS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1659-1664, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802602

ABSTRACT

With the further research on the pathogenic factors of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), though the mechanism of its pathogenesis is not fully understood, many treatment methods of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have achieved good results in the treatment.Therefore, TCM has certain advantages in the treatment of AS, and shows a good application prospect.Retrieval CNKI, Wanfang database and VIP Chinese database, retrieval of domestic clinical research literature on AS in recent years, with the latest advances in the understanding of TCM in the treatment of AS.

19.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1077-1083, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801078

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study is to assess the accuracy and reliability of three-dimensional simulated magnetic resonance imaging with silicone-excitation SPACE (sampling perfection with application optimized contrast using different flip angle evolutions) sequence for estimating implant volume.@*Methods@#(1) MRI examinations of 10 silicone implants (Wuhan Tongji Hospital from October 2018 to December 2018) were performed with T2, H2O-excitation SPACE sequence (T2-spc-H2O) and silicone-excitation SPACE sequence (T2-spc-Silicone) to find the most accurate method to estimate implant volume by ITK-SNAP. The effect of implant deformation and slice thickness of T2-spc-Silicone on volume measurement were investigated. (2) 13 normal patients and 6 patients with implant complications (Wuhan Tongji Hospital from March 2017 to May 2019) were enrolled for testing the accuracy and reliability of T2-spc-Silicone for volume measurement in vivo. The data were analyzed using Prism 8.0 software. The paired student t-test was used to compare the difference of two groups. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the difference of multiple groups. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#The absolute volume differences of T2, T2-spc-H2O, T2-spc-Silicone were (42.19±2.31) ml, (23.27±1.55) ml and (6.28±1.22) ml. The absolute volume differences of T2-spc-Silicone group was significantly less than T2-spc-H2O and T2 group in vitro(F=195.3, P<0.001). No significant difference(F=1.36, P=0.22)was shown between the normality group and the deformation group for estimating the volume of implants with the slice thickness of SPACE increased from 0.5 mm×0.5 mm×0.5 mm to 5.0 mm×5.0 mm×5.0 mm. Besides, the slices thickness of SPACE from 0.5 mm×0.5 mm×0.5 mm to 5.0 mm×5.0 mm×5.0 mm did not significantly affect the accuracy of volume measurement of the implants in deformation state(F=1.22, P=0.29). The measurement error of SPACE was (8.82±0.99) ml in normal patients. Moreover, there was no significant difference between measured volume[(226.4±12.76)ml] and actual volume of implants[(225.9±11.94) ml](t=0.31, P=0.76)in patients with implant complications. The result showed excellent intraobserver reliability (ICC=0.997) and internal consistency ranged from 0.986 to 0.997 (P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#The method to measure implant volume by silicone-excitation SPACE sequence had desirable accuracy and reliability. The deformation of the implant and the slice thickness of the SPACE sequence did not exhibit a significant effect on the accuracy of volume measurement.

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Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 728-733, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807926

ABSTRACT

@#To investigate the mechanism of Shouwu Jiangzhi decoction in treatment of hyperlipidemia by suppress apoB-48 in small intestines, Golden Syrian hamsters were randomly devided into blank group, model group, fenobrate treatment group and Shouwu Jiangzhi decoction treatment group based on weight. The hyperlipidemia models of golden Syrian hamsters were induced by high fat diet(HFD)treatment for 4 weeks, then administered orally with drugs for 4 weeks. The serum indexes of HDL-C, LDL-C, TG and TC were determined by microplate methods, ELISA kits were used to evaluate the contents of serum TNF-α, apoB-48 and FFA. The protein expression levels of p38, ERK, JNK, SREBP, TNF-α and apoB-48 in small intestines were determined by Western blots. The results showed that Shouwu Jiangzhi decoction can effectively increase the serum HDL-C level and reduce the serum level of TG, LDL-C, TNF-α and apoB-48 in HFD-induced hamsters. Furthermore, Shouwu Jiangzhi decoction can significantly downregulate the protein expressions of p38, JNK, ERK, SREBP, TNF-α and apoB-48 in small intestines. Results above indicate that Shouwu Jiangzhi decoction may downregulate the protein expression of apoB-48 to treat hyperlipidemia via partially downregulating TNF-α/MAPK signal pathway.

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