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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of single-center children with low and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma (NB), report the long-term follow-up results of the growth and survival quality, and provide a basis for further clinical research.Methods:Clinical characteristics, including the sex, age, stage, risk of disease, and metastatic site of 370 newly treated children with low and intermediate-risk NB admitted to Hematology Oncology Center, Beijing Children′s Hospital from March 2007 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.WHO Anthro Plus was used for calculating Z score.Results:A total of 370 eligible children with low and intermediate-risk NB were included, with the mean age at onset of 16.8 months (1-191 months). Among them, 148 cases (40%) were younger than 12 months old.Mediastinal region was the most common primary site of NB (47.8%, 177 cases), followed by retroperitoneum/adrenal gland (41.4%, 153 cases). The median follow-up time of 370 patients was 31 months (0.3-157.0 months), the 5-years event free survival (EFS) and 5-year overall survival (OS) were 86.2% and 96.9%, respectively.Thirty-seven cases had growth and deve-lopment problems, of which 22 cases had stunted growth, 6 cases had low body mass, 9 cases had wasting, and 7.3%(27/370 cases) had scoliosis.5.5% of them had heart damage and 5.0%(18/357 cases) had kidney damage, involving 12 cases related to the primary tumor and 6 cases were surgically related.30.2%(95/315 cases) of them had hair changed after chemotherapy, and curly hair was the most common change.Compared with before treatment, 14.9% of the children had a personality change, with an impatient being the most common.Conclusions:The 5-year overall survival rate of the single-center large sample of low and intermediate-risk NB was high, mediastinal was the most common primary site of tumor, and the long-term quality of life is good, but there were still treatment-related side effects, and further clinical monitoring and long-term follow-up were needed.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the causes of death and severe complication in the early diagnosis of children with neuroblastoma (NB), and to analyze the relative factors of early death of children with NB, so as to raise awareness and reduce early mortality by early detection and early intervention.Methods:Patients with newly diagnosed NB in the Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital from April 2007 to December 2017 were included consecutively, and those died within 1 month after diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.The general data of patients, immediate causes of death, complications, time elapsed between death and diagnosis, whether to receive chemotherapy and other information were collected.Results:A total of 654 cases were included for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up, 31 cases of which died in early stage, accounting for 4.7% of the total.The major complication were pulmonary infection in 18 cases (58.1%) and bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy in 17 cases (54.8%), tumor rupture hemorrhage in 16 cases (51.6%), multiple organ failure in 8 cases (25.8%). Risk factor analysis of the 31 early death cases with NB was conducted.Single factor analysis: there were statistical differences between early death group and non-early death group in risk grouping ( P=0.006 6), bone marrow invasion ( P=0.020 7), site of primary tumor ( P=0.016 7), age ( P=0.003 3), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ( P<0.000 1), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) level ( P<0.000 1), serum ferritin level ( P=0.016 0), D dimer level ( P<0.000 1), fibrinogen level ( P=0.002 7), diameter of tumor ( P<0.000 1), hemoglobin ( P<0.000 1), platelet level ( P<0.000 1), serum albumin level ( P<0.000 1). Multiple-factor analysis: age younger than 30 months, OR=2.824 (95% CI: 1.084-7.359), LDH level greater than 1 004 IU/L, OR=6.991 (95% CI: 2.135-22.887), albumin level less than 36 g/L, OR= 65.237 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), hemoglobin level less than 92 g/L, OR=5.358 (95% CI: 2.024-13.545), platelet level less than 192×10 9/L, OR=3.554 (95% CI: 1.267-9.965). Conclusions:Strengthening vital signs detection after admission, identifying severe life-threatening complications such as rupture of tumors as early as possible, implementing symptomatic interventions such as appropriate sedation and active transfusion of blood products as early as possible after invasive operation, and transferring to intensive care unit for respiratory support when necessary are important means to avoid early death.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics, treatment response and long-term postoperative complications in children with neuroblastoma (NB) in the pelvic and sacral regions as the primary site.Methods:The clinical characteristics of 16 NB children (8 males and 8 females) with primary pelvic and sacral admitted to the Department of Hematology Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2007 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively with respect to the age at first diagnosis, primary tumor site, tumor size, clinical stage, risk grouping, and other clinical characteristics.The clinical characteristics of the patients who were followed up for regular treatment were analyzed, and the postoperative complications of the patients were summarized, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.Results:The median age at diagnosis of these 16 children was 23.0 months (5.7-102.0 months), of which 6 cases (37.5%) were younger than 12 months old.All these children received chemotherapy, with a median of 6 (1-8) courses of chemotherapy.Fifteen children received surgical resection of the pelvic tumor, with complete resection in 12 cases (80%). The surgical approach was mainly transabdominal (86.7%, 13/16 cases). The median follow-up time of these children was 33.5 (8-136) months.The patella was absent in 3 patients (18.8%) after the operation, and no permanent neurological damage occurred in all patients.Five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 100%.Conclusions:A single-center summary showed a high survival rate for NB patients in the pelvic and sacral regions.Complete tumor resections combined with chemotherapy could be effective measures and rare cases occurred permanent postoperative neurological complications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1748-1770, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878665

ABSTRACT

Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the maintenance of life activities. Generally, vitamins need to be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source as the body cannot synthesize vitamins, or the amounts of the synthesized vitamins are insufficient. At present, vitamins are widely used in medicine, food additives, feed additives, cosmetics and other fields, and the global demand for vitamins is constantly growing. Vitamins can be produced from chemical or microbial synthesis. Chemical synthesis usually requires harsh reaction conditions, produces serious wastes, and creates great potential safety hazard. In contrast, microbial synthesis of vitamins is greener, safer, and requires much less energy input. This review summarizes the advances in metabolic engineering for vitamins production in the past 30 years, with a focus on production of water-soluble vitamins (vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12 and vitamin C precursors) and lipid-soluble vitamins (vitamin A, precursors of vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K). Moreover, the bottlenecks for fermentative production of vitamins are discussed, and future perspectives for developing next generation vitamins producing strains using synthetic biotechnology are prospected.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Metabolic Engineering , Vitamin A , Vitamin K , Vitamins/analysis
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 923-938, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878604

ABSTRACT

Bacillus subtilis is a model strain for studying the physiological and biochemical mechanisms of microorganism, and is also a good chassis cell for industrial application to produce biological agents such as small molecule compounds, bulk chemicals, industrial enzymes, precursors of drugs and health product. In recent years, studies on metabolic engineering methods and strategies of B. subtilis have been increasingly reported, providing good tools and theoretical references for using it as chassis cells to produce biological agents. This review provides information on systematically optimizing the Bacillus subtilis chassis cell by regulating global regulatory factors, simplifying and optimizing the genome, multi-site and multi-dimensional regulating, dynamic regulating through biosensors, membrane protein engineering. For producing the protein reagent, the strain is optimized by optimizing the promoters, signal peptides, secretion components and building the expression system without chemical inducers. In addition, this review also prospects the important issues and directions that need to be focused on in the further optimization of B. subtilis in industrial production.


Subject(s)
Bacillus subtilis/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Biotechnology , Metabolic Engineering , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Protein Sorting Signals/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of some cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital. Features of clinical symptoms, laboratory inspections and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post-hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test.@*Results@#Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3 - 79 years old, and the mean age was (41.8 ± 16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85 ± 3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 12 (26.1%), 23 (50.0%) and 11 patients (23.9%)were assigned to the mild group, common group, and sever group, respectively. Fever (39.8%), cough (27.6%), and fatigue (25.3%) was the main clinical symptom for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte counts, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C-reactive protein (45.7%), and IL-6 level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased in 20 cases(50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactate level increased in nine cases. There was a statistically significant difference in the number of cases in which the absolute value of T lymphocytes and of CD8 + T lymphocytes decreased among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the number of cases in the three groups with elevated C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The number of cases with elevated C-reactive protein levels was higher in severe group than that in mild and common group. The number of cases with elevated interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum ferritin levels were higher in severe group than in mild group. The number of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels was higher in severe group than in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (both adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs.@*Conclusions@#The epidemiological characteristics of cases with COVID-19 in Beijing are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever , fatigue and cough. C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, red blood cell sedimentation rate, serum ferritin and blood lactate levels are higher in severe patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 544-549, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes and clinical significance of inflammatory indices of urogenic sepsis with different severity.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 71 patients with urogenic sepsis admitted to 940th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2010 to April 2018, including 34 males and 37 females, aged 39-96 years [(63.1±18.3)years]. The patients were divided into three groups according to the clinical diagnostic criteria for septic shock and sepsis according to the 2014 edition of the Chinese Urology Surgical Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment: 21 cases in sepsis group [sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score of 3.0 (2.0, 3.0)points], 21 cases in severe sepsis group [SOFA score of 9.0 (6.0, 11.0)points], and 29 cases in septic shock group [SOFA score of 15.0 (14.0, 16.0)points]. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation of inflammatory indicators with SOFA, including white blood cell count, percentage of neutrophils, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, D-dimer, and platelet. Multiple linear regression analysis and stepwise regression weighted analysis were performed to analyze the relation between inflammatory indicators and sepsis severity. Levels of each inflammatory indicator was detected and compared among the groups.Results:① Spearman correlation analysis: percentage of neutrophils, D-dimer, interleukin-6, procalcitonin and SOFA scores were significantly positively correlated, with the r s value of 0.738, 0.712, 0.31, 0.795, respectively ( P<0.01); platelet and SOFA scores were significantly negatively correlated, with the r s value of -0.661 ( P<0.01). ② Multiple linear regression analysis: percentage of neutrophils, platelet, D-dimer, procalcitonin and SOFA score were significantly correlated ( P<0.01); Stepwise regression weighted analysis suggested that the model linear relationship and fit was good. ③ Inflammatory index comparison: percentage of neutrophils in sepsis group, severe sepsis group and septic shock group was 82.30 (76.25, 88.45), 90.50 (86.55, 93.85), 95.10 (92.05, 97.95), respectively; level of platelet was 183.01 (144.50, 246.50)×10 9/L, 149.11 (81.04, 207.00)×10 9/L, 81.26 (50.01, 93.50)×10 9/L, respectively; level of D-dimer was 0.98 (0.71, 1.74)mg/L, 3.45 (1.79, 5.56)mg/L, 7.19 (4.26, 11.63)mg/L, respectively; level of procalcitonin was 0.55 (0.21, 1.09)ng/ml, 5.45 (3.74, 11.80)ng/ml, 17.68 (13.97, 26.75)ng/ml, respectively. There were significant differences in above indicators among the groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The serum levels of procalcitonin, percentage of neutrophils, D-dimer and platelet are positively correlated with the severity of urogenic sepsis. While combined detection of those indicators can better predict the severity of the sepsis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867597

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 46 patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing City.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 46 patients with COVID-19 in Beijing from 20th January 2020 to 8th February 2020 at the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital in Beijing City. Twelve, 23 and 11 patients were assigned to the mild group, common group and severe group, respectively. The epidemiological history, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests and imaging inspections were analyzed. Statistical analysis used Fisher exact test. If P<0.05, post- hoc test was used for pairwise comparison, and the statistics were corrected by Bonferroni test. Results:Among the 46 patients included in this study, 27 were male and 19 were female. The age range was between 3-79 years old, and the age was (41.8±16.3) years old. The average incubation period was (4.85±3.00) days. A total of 26 cases (56.5%) were clustered patients, and 26 cases had a history of staying in Wuhan, 10 cases had contact with Wuhan personnel. Fever (39 cases, 84.8%), cough (27 cases, 58.7%), and fatigue (25 cases, 54.3%) were the main clinical symptoms for these patients. The decrease in white blood cell counts occurred in 12 patients, four had the decrease in T lymphocyte percentage, 17 had the decrease in CD4 + T lymphocyte counts, seven had the decrease in CD8 + T lymphocyte counts, 21 had the increase level of C reactive protein (45.7%), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) level increased in 32 cases (69.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increased in 23 cases (50.0%), serum ferritin level increased in 26 cases (56.5%), and blood lactic acid level increased in nine cases. There were statistically significant differences in the proportion of cases with decreased absolute value of CD8 + T lymphocytes and T lymphocytes counts among the mild, common and severe groups (all P<0.05). Comparing the proportion of cases in the three groups with elevated C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The proportion of cases with elevated C reactive protein levels in severe group was higher than those in mild and common groups. The proportion of cases with elevated IL-6, ESR, and serum ferritin levels in severe and common group were higher than those in mild group. The proportion of cases with elevated blood lactic acid levels in severe group was higher than those in mild group. The differences between the above groups were statistically significant (all adjusted P<0.017). Analysis of chest X-rays results showed that 34 patients (73.9%) had inflammation in the lungs. Conclusions:The epidemiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Beijing City are mainly imported cases and clustered cases. The clinical manifestations are mainly fever, fatigue and cough. C reactive protein, IL-6, ESR, serum ferritin and blood lactic acid levels are higher in severe patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of pediatric non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS), and further understand these tumors.Methods:Twenty-nine NRSTS children were admitted to the Hematological Oncology Ward of Beijing Children′s Hospital from June 2011 to May 2018.The clinical and pathological data of these children were collected, and the relationships of the prognosis with clinical characteristics Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study(IRS) stage, Children′s Oncology Group(COG) risk grouping were analyzed.All the patients were followed up until October 31, 2018.The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.Results:There were 14 boys and 15 girls in the enrolled 29 children, aging from 7 to 169 months, with a median age of 59.5 months.There were 10 pathological types, including synovial sarcoma, infantile fibrosarcoma and malignant rhabdomyoid tumors in 5 cases, and other pathological types in 14 cases.Tumors originated from the head and neck in 10 cases, limbs or trunk in 6 cases, visceral sites in 13 cases.Ten cases showed distant metastasis.There were 12 cases at IRS stage Ⅰand Ⅱ, and 17 cases of stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ.All the children were treated with surgery and chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy.Nine cases received preoperative chemotherapy, 17 cases received postoperative chemotherapy, 3 cases could not be resected surgically.The follow-up period ranged from 4 to 89 months, with a median follow-up of 16 months.Six of 29 children died, including 3 cases of malignant rhabdomyoid sarcoma.The 2-year overall survival(OS) rate of all the children was 77.4% and the 2-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of all the children was 53.2%.By analyzing the clinical factors, it was found that the IRS stage, COG risk group, primary sites were related to prognosis.The 2-year EFS rate of children with IRS Ⅰ-Ⅱ and Ⅲ-Ⅳ were 75.0% and 35.9%, respectively ( χ2=7.303, P=0.007), the 2-year OS rate was 100% and 61.8%, respectively( χ2=4.81, P=0.028); The 2-year EFS of children in COG low-risk group and median/high-risk group were 66.7% and 44.7%, respectively( χ2=4.155, P=0.042), the 2-year OS rate of children in COG low and median/high-risk was 100% and 66.3%, respectively( χ2=3.383, P=0.066); the 2-year OS rate of children in visceral and non-visceral sites were 59.3% and 92.9%, respectively ( χ2=4.202, P=0.04). Conclusions:NRSTS in children is heterogeneous, and surgery is the main treatment. Children with primary tumors located in visceral sites and at IRS Ⅲ-Ⅳ had poor outcomes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, therapeutic effects and prognostic factors of children with extracranial malignant germ cell tumor (MGCT), and further to improve the recognition of this disease.Methods:The clinical information and therapeutic effects of children patients diagnosed with MGCT and treated in Hematology-Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2008 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, and the risk factors affecting the prognosis were discussed.Results:A total of 35 patients were collected in this study, including 19 girls and 16 boys, with a median age of 71 months.Forty-two point four percent (14/33 cases) of them were <3 year-old, and 39.3% (13/33 cases) of them were >6 year-old.The primary tumors were located at the gonad in 9 cases (6 cases in the ovary and 3 cases in the testis), and extragonadal sites in 26 cases (8 cases in the pelvic cavity, 8 cases in the mediastinum, and 10 cases in the sacrococcygeal region). Five cases were in stage Ⅱ, 16 cases in stage Ⅲ, and 14 cases in stage Ⅳ.Eleven cases were at intermediate risk, and 24 cases were at high risk.All children were followed up for (25.43±4.82) months, and given standard treatment of surgery plus chemotherapy.The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were 87.4% and 67.1%, respectively.The 2-year OS rate and EFS rate in patients at stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ (93.8% and 80.4%, respectively) were significantly higher than those at stage Ⅳ (66.7% and 45.1%, respectively) ( χ2=0.649, 0.739; P=0.021, 0.037). The 2-year EFS rate in patients with and without distant metastasis at the early stage of the disease was 43.8% and 86.9%, respectively, and the differences were significant ( χ2=0.694, P=0.028). The complete remission (CR) rates of intermediate-risk and high-risk children with tumor completely resected at the early stage of the disease were 100.0% (8/8 cases) and 71.4% (5/7 cases), respectively.The CR rate of patients who received 2-4 cycles of chemotherapy and had complete tumor resection after diagnosis by puncture was 72.7% (8/11 cases), and 40.0% (2/5 cases) of the children with incomplete resection got tumor progression.For eight patients with events, their alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels decreased slowly at the early stage of the disease and increased significantly as the disease progressed. Conclusions:The onset-age of MGCT is mainly <3 year-old and >6 year-old.The stan-dard treatment that combines surgery and chemotherapy can achieve a good overall prognosis.Incomplete surgical resection and a slow decline of AFP during treatment contribute to adverse prognosis.The outcomes of patients with tumor progression can be improved by increasing chemotherapy courses, secondary surgery and autologous stem cell transplantation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the results of chromosome karyotype in children with neuroblastoma (NB) with bone marrow metastasis at first diagnosis, and to discuss the clinical significance.Methods:G-banding was applied to the analysis of chromosome karyotype of patients who were regularly treated in the Hematological and Oncology Center in Beijing Children′s Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017, and all the patients were followed up until December 31, 2018.Their clinical features and prognosis were analyzed.Results:(1) There were 120 cases with bone marrow metastasis, including 74 boys and 46 girls, and 98 cases (81.7%) were ≥ 18 months.Among 60 cases with normal chromosome, 56 cases (93.3%) were in International Neuroblastoma Staging System(INSS)-Ⅳ phase, and 4 cases in INSS-Ⅳs phase; there were 2 low-risk (LR) cases, 9 intermediate-risk (MR) cases, and 49 high-risk (HR) cases (81.7%); 7 cases had MYCN gene amplifications.All 60 patients with chromosome abnormalities were in INSS-Ⅳ phase; there was 1 case in MR and 59 cases (98.3%) in HR; 14 cases had MYCN gene amplifications.(2) Among 60 children (50%) with chromosome abnormalities, 4 children had number abnormalities, 14 children had structural abnormalities, and 42 children had both number and structural chromosome abnormalities.Chromosome 21, 10, 11 deletions were the most common in number abnormalities; structural abnormalities involving 11q, 1p, 3p segments had a high incidence.(3) Seventeen cases of children with normal chromosome had tumor progression or recurrence during the 4 to 44-month follow-up period, and 31 cases of children with chromosome abnormalities had tumor progression or recurrence during the 2 to 42-month follow-up period.The 3-year overall survival rate and event-free survival rate of all children were 60.0% and 48.4%, respectively; children in the normal chromosome group had a 3-year overall survival rate of 74.2% and an event-free survival rate of 65.7%; the 3-year overall survival rate and event-free survival rate of children with chromosome abnormalities were 47.5% and 24.9%, respectively.Most children suffering from tumor progression or recurrence had chromosome 10 deletion, and abnormal structure of 11q, 1p, 2p segments. Conclusion:The chromosomal abnormality rate of Nb children's tumor cells is high, but the repetition rate is low, and the individual difference is obvious.The deletion of chromosome 10, abnormal regional structure of 11q, 1p and 2p segments may be poor prognostic factors for NB.Chromosome karyotype analysis of bone marrow samples is feasible, which can provide a basis for more accurate risk stratification and treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799117

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the treatment strategy for traumatic posterior dislocation of shoulder joint with concomitant reverse Hill-Sachs lesion on the humeral head.@*Methods@#Data of 8 consecutive traumatic posterior shoulder dislocations with concomitant compression on anteromedial portion of the affected humeral heads (reverse Hill-Sachs lesion), which resulted from the collision between the posterior rim of the glenoid and anterior portion of the humeral head, who had undergone treatment in our department since July 2015 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Seven males and 1 female have been included in the case series, with the age between 30-70 years (mean 44.5±12.3 years), 6 on the right shoulder and 2 on the left. 7 were acute injuries and 1 chronic. One patient received closed reduction under brachial plexus block anesthesia, and the rest cases underwent open surgeries. Modified Judet approach was performed in one case due to the concomitant fracture on the postero-inferior glenoid. The other 6 patients received modified delto-pectoral approach. 4 concomitant rotator cuffswere found during the procedures, including1 full thickness tears 3 partial. One patient received McLaughlin surgery, allograft and anchor suture fixation. 2 underwent cannulated screw fixation. Allograft and PHILOS fixation was placed on 4 cases. All 8 patients were required maintaining in mild abduction and external rotation the affected arms, with the protection of the casts. All patients were followed up for 20.6±8.4 months (range, 9-36 months). Constant-Murley scores and visual analogue score (VAS) were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes at the latest follow-up.@*Results@#Infection occurred in 1 case, the humeral head has been resected subsequently and antibiotic cement spacer was inserted for further arthroplasty. Necrosis of the humeral head has been observed in one CT follow up 9 months after surgery, with no limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder. Stage 1 wound closure and bony union were witnessed on the rest 6 patients. No neuromuscular injures or re-dislocations on the affected shoulders was found. The range of motion of the affected shoulder has been recorded at the latest follow-up: 123.8°±30.1° (90°-180°) in flexion, 124.4°±34.2° (80°-180°) in abduction, 36.9°±20.9° (0°-70°) in external (neutral position), 58.8°±10.9° (50°-80°) in internal rotation (neutral position) and 83.5±12.1 (70-95) in Constant-Murley score. Among the 8 patients, 7 patients were at the rank of VAS 0-3, and 1 of 4-6.@*Conclusion@#Optimal treatment options should be chosen based on the humeral head defect status, in case of traumatic posterior shoulder dislocation with concomitant reverse Hill-Sachs lesion. Closed reduction can be tried on < 20% humeral head defect with the help of anesthesia, and surgical option is the optimal one for the defect between 20%-40%.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868941

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the treatment strategy for traumatic posterior dislocation of shoulder joint with concomitant reverse Hill-Sachs lesion on the humeral head.Methods Data of 8 consecutive traumatic posterior shoulder dislocations with concomitant compression on anteromedial portion of the affected humeral heads (reverse Hill-Sachs lesion),which resulted from the collision between the posterior rim of the glenoid and anterior portion of the humeral head,who had undergone treatment in our department since July 2015 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Seven males and 1 female have been included in the case series,with the age between 30-70 years (mean 44.5±12.3 years),6 on the right shoulder and 2 on the left.7 were acute injuries and 1 chronic.One patient received closed reduction under brachial plexus block anesthesia,and the rest cases underwent open surgeries.Modified Judet approach was performed in one case due to the concomitant fracture on the postero-inferior glenoid.The other 6 patients received modified delto-pectoral approach.4 concomitant rotator cuffswere found during the procedures,including1 full thickness tears 3 partial.One patient received McLaughlin surgery,allograft and anchor suture fixation.2 underwent cannulated screw fixation.Allograft and PHILOS fixation was placed on 4 cases.All 8 patients were required maintaining in mild abduction and external rotation the affected arms,with the protection of the casts.All patients were followed up for 20.6±8.4 months (range,9-36 months).Constant-Murley scores and visual analogue score (VAS) were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes at the latest follow-up.Results Infection occurred in 1 case,the humeral head has been resected subsequently and antibiotic cement spacer was inserted for further arthroplasty.Necrosis of the humeral head has been observed in one CT follow up 9 months after surgery,with no limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder.Stage 1 wound closure and bony union were witnessed on the rest 6 patients.No neuromuscular injures or re-dislocations on the affected shoulders was found.The range of motion of the affected shoulder has been recorded at the latest follow-up:123.8°±30.1° (90°-180°) in flexion,124.4°±34.2° (80°-180°) in abduction,36.9°±20.9° (0°-70°) in external (neutral position),58.8°± 10.9° (50°-80°) in internal rotation (neutral position) and 83.5±12.1 (70-95) in Constant-Murley score.Among the 8 patients,7 patients were at the rank of VAS 0-3,and 1 of 4-6.Conclusion Optimal treatment options should be chosen based on the humeral head defect status,in case of traumatic posterior shoulder dislocation with concomitant reverse Hill-Sachs lesion.Closed reduction can be tried on < 20% humeral head defect with the help of anesthesia,and surgical option is the optimal one for the defect between 20%-40%.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805274

ABSTRACT

Maternal immunization is an immune strategy that protects both mothers and early-life infants from disease by the vaccination of pregnant women. The effect of maternal immunization is influenced by the types of vaccines, the timing of vaccination, the subtypes of antibodies induced by vaccines, and the health status of mothers themselves. Inactivated influenza vaccination during pregnancy and DPT vaccination during the third trimester of pregnancy have been widely used in the world, while Hepatitis B vaccine, pneumococcal and meningococcal vaccines also show good efficacy and safety in pregnant women. This article reviews the research progress of Maternal Immunization in order to provide a reference for Maternal Immunization planning and policymaking in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752242

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the significance of the initial clinical symptoms and clinical manifestations of neuroblastoma(NB)to achive early identification of NB. Methods A retrospective study was performed on patients diagnosed with NB,who attended the Hematology Oncology Center,Beijing Childrenˊs Hospital from March 31st ,2007 to March 31st,2015. The clinical characteristics were compared between the children 〈1_year_old and≥1_year_old. The result was analyzed to compare the difference in clinical symptoms and tumor biologic characteristics of patients with different initial clinical symptoms between 2 groups. Results A total of 330 patients were included in the study,43 of them were younger than 1 year old,and their most common symptoms were cough and fever( each 17 cases,and accounted for 39. 5%,respectively);while the most common symptoms in patients≥1_year_old(287 cases)was fe_ver(177 cases,61. 7%),followed by lymphadenopathy(107 cases,37. 3%),bone pain(97 cases,33. 8%)and anemia (48 cases,16. 7%). The frequency of symptoms differed significantly between 2 groups(all P〈0. 05),such as fever (39. 5% vs. 61. 7%,χ2 ﹦6. 68),anemia(4. 7% vs. 16. 7%,χ2 ﹦6. 00),bone pain(0 vs. 33. 8%,χ2 ﹦18. 99),abdo_minal pain(0 vs. 25. 3%,χ2 ﹦10. 19),diarrhea(16. 3% vs. 3. 0%,χ2 ﹦12. 73),lymphadenopathy(7. 0% vs. 37. 3%, χ2 ﹦14. 12)and anorexia(9. 3% vs. 33. 4%,χ2 ﹦9. 21). Datients had fever,anemia,lymphadenopathy,cutaneous hemorrhagic spot or periorbital ecchymosis,bone pain,abdominal pain,exophthalmos,and anorexia early in the initial course of the disease,whose serum lactate dehydrogenase values were significantly increased(P〈0. 05). Datients suf_fered from fever,anemia,lymphadenopathy,bone pain,limbs dysfunctions,abdominal pain at the beginning of the disease,whose urine vanillymandelic acid values were higher than normal(P〈0. 05). Conclusions The study of sympto_mology suggests the most common symptoms in patients with NB 〈1_year_old are cough and fever,while those ≥1_year_old are fever,lymphadenopathy,bone pain,and anemia. Por patients with symptoms mentioned,carrying out the necessary NB_diagnose_related laboratory and imaging studies was statistically relevant to patientsˊ ages(〈1_year_old and≥1_year_old),which may contribute to earlier identification and diagnosis of NB.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752208

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarizk clinical charactkristics,thkrapkutic kffkct and prognosis of rhabdomeosar-coma(AMS)childrkn of lkss-than-2 -ekar old and its rklatkd factors,to improvk thk awarknkss of this agk group with AMS. Methods Thk clinical information and thkrapkutic kffkct of 20 AMS patiknts of lkss-than-2-ekar old wkrk diagnoskd and trkatkd at thk hkmatologe -oncologe ckntkr in Bkijing Childrkn's Hospital( BCH),from Januare 2012 to Lpril 2017,and thk clinical data wkrk analezkd rktrospkctivkle. Lccording to thk intkrnational critkria for thk trkatmknt of solid tumors in childrkn,thk patiknts wkrk dividkd into a complktk rkmission group and a progrkss╱rklapsk group,and thk risc factors affkcting thk prognosis wkrk analezkd. ResuIts Twknte casks of lkss-than-2 ekar old chil-drkn with AMS wkrk collkctkd,accounting for 12. 4﹪ of all AMS during thk samk pkriod in BCH hkmatologe-oncologe ckntkr. Thk mkdian follow-up timk was(16. 1 ± 1. 8)months,5 patiknts got progrkss╱rklapsk at 9-12 months during trkatmknt and 2-3 months aftkr thkrape finishkd. Thk ratk of 2 -ekar-kvknt-frkk survival( EPS)ratk and ovkrall survival(OS)ratk wkrk 48﹪ and 61﹪,rkspkctivkle. Thk 2-ekar EPS ratk of kmbreonal AMS childrkn was significant-le highkr than that of alvkolar AMS childrkn,and thk diffkrknck was statisticalle significant(χ2 ﹦0. 854,P﹦0. 034). In thk progrkss╱rklapsk group and thk childrkn with complktk rkmission childrkn,factors lick boe,kmbreonal tepk,primare tumor location of not bad,and of mkdium risc might rkduck thk risc of progrkss╱rklapsk of AMS,whilk tumor diamktkr >5 cm and clinical stagk Ⅳ might incrkask thk risc of progrkss╱rklapsk of AMS,but thk diffkrknck was not statisticalle significant(P>0. 05). ConcIusions Thk prognosis of AMS childrkn lkss-than-2-ekar old was vkre poor,and thk ratks of 2 ekars EPS and OS ratks wkrk lowkr than ovkrall indkx of childrkn with AMS. Thksk patiknts nkkd to undkrgo a varikte of trkatmknt mkthods flkxible,including dklaekd radiothkrape and 125 I radioactivk skkds brachethkrape,to improvk thkrapkutic kfficace and long-tkrm outcomks.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 367-370, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745521

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between atrial fibrillation and hip fractures caused by falls in the elderly.Methods All patients aged 65 years or older who underwent surgical treatment for hip fractures caused by falls in our department from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled.The relationships of atrial fibrillation as well as chronic medical history with hip fractures were retrospectively analyzed.The control group was matched 1 to 1 by age,sex,and admission time.Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used to calculate the odds ratio (ORvalue) of fractures in patients with atrial fibrillation.Results There was no significant difference in the history of smoking,drinking,diabetes,coronary heart disease,heart failure,chronic kidney disease,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD),and Parkinson's disease between the two groups.A total of 37 patients had a history of atrial fibrillation in the fracture group,compared to 18 patients with atrial fibrillation in the control group.The incidence of atrial fibrillation in the fracture group and the control group were 9.6% and 4.7%,respectively,with crude OR=2.18,95%CI(1.32-4.15),P=0.008 and adjusted OR=2.27,95%CI(1.37-5.20),P=0.02.Compared with the control group,the incidence of stroke (x2 =14.06,P < 0.05),osteoporosis (x2 =200.64,P < 0.01) and cognitive impairment(x2 =8.23,P <0.01)increased in the fracture group.When classified by age and sex in the fracture group,the incidence of atrial fibrillation had no significant difference between different gender and age subgroups.Conclusions Atrial fibrillation is an independent risk factor for hip fractures caused by falls in the elderly.There is no significant difference in the incidence of atrial fibrillation in hip fracture patients between the different ages(65-74 years,75-84 years,≥of 85 years)and genders.In addition,stroke,osteoporosis,and cognitive impairment increase the risk of hip fractures caused by falls in elderly patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745292

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical efficacy,safety and influencing factors of radiotherapy in children with stage Ⅳ high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB).Methods A total of 120 children with HR-NB who were diagnosed and treated with local radiotherapy according to the BCH-HR-NB-2007 protocol in the Oncology Department of Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017 were enrolled.Among them,56 children were male and 64 female with a median age of 43 months (9 -148 months).The treatment protocol consisted of 4 cycles of CAV chemotherapy,3 cycles of CVP chemotherapy,surgical resection after 4 cycles,autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after 7 cycles,local radiotherapy at a dose of 15.0-30.6 Gy for 82 cases of primary tumors and 38 cases of primary and metastatic tumors,followed by 13 cis-retinoic acid as maintenance therapy.The entire treatment protocol endured for approximately 18 months.Results The median follow-up time was 21 months.The 3-year local control rate was 84.4%.Before radiotherapy,the 3-year event-free survival rate was 78.4% in children without metastases,significantly higher compared with 30.4% in the residual group (P=0.003).The 3-year event-free survival rate was 66.1% in patients who underwent radiotherapy within 6 months after surgery,significantly higher than 50.6% in their counterparts receiving radiotherapy at 6 months or more after surgery (P=0.018).Among the children with residual metastases before radiotherapy,the progression rate in children who did not receive radiotherapy was 66.6%,significantly higher compared with 20.0% in those receiving radiotherapy (P=0.001).All patients had no radiation-related adverse reactions in the liver,kidney and heart,etc.The incidence rate of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ myelosupression was 24.5% at 1 week post-radiotherapy,and 8% at 2 weeks after radiotherapy.Conclusions Radiotherapy yields definite clinical efficacy in the local control of children with stage Ⅳ HR-NB.Early radiotherapy after surgery and radiotherapy for the metastatic lesions can improve the clinical prognosis.No vital organ injuries are observed during the short-term follow-up.At 2 weeks after radiotherapy,the myelosupression is gradually restored.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743506

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short-term efficacy in children with head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HN-RMS) treated by multidisciplinary therapy,and to analyze the prognostic factors,so as to guide the diagnosis and treatment.Methods Patients with HN-RMS admitted at Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children's Hospital (BCH),Capital Medical University between December 2012 and May 2017,were included in this case-observation study.The clinical characteristics were analyzed and the treatment effect and prognostic factors were summarized.Results A total of 48 cases were collected,including 36 boys and 12 girls,with a median age of 4.6 years.Primarysite parameningeal RMS(PM-RMS) (34 cases,70.8%),orbital (2 cases,4.2%) and non-orbital,non-parameningeal region(12 cases,25.0%) were found.Twenty cases belonged to alveolar type(41.7%),and 28 cases were of embryonaltype(58.3%).The diameter of the tumor was >5 cm(n =25,52.1%),and ≤5 cm(n =23,47.9%).IRS staging:there were 29 cases(60.4%) of stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ,19 cases (39.6%) of stage Ⅳ;29 cases (60.4%) of low-medium risk,and 19 cases (39.6%) of high risk.Twenty-three patients (47.9%) received surgery,and 25 cases (52.1%) received biopsy only.All patients (48 cases) received systemic chemotherapy.Twenty patients (41.6%) received external radiation,15 cases (31.3%) received 125I particle implantation,6 cases (12.5%) received proton therapy,but 3 cases (6.2%)did not receive radiation.The follow-up time lasted 13-57 months[(24.1 ± 12.3) months].The 2-year overall survival(OS) rate was (66.4 ± 7.2)%,and 2-year event free survival (EFS) rate was (59.9 ± 7.5) %.Patients with tumor diameter ≤ 5 cm had higher OS and EFS than patients with tumor diameter >5 cm [2-year OS (87.4±6.8)% vs.(42.9 ±6.8)%,2-year EFS (78.8 ±8.6%) vs.(38.5 ±10.8)%],and the differences were statistically significant (all P =0.006).Patients with orbital and non-orbital,non-parameningeal RMS had higher OS and EFS than PM-RMS [2-year OS 100% vs.(87.5% ± 11.7) % vs.(57.0 ± 8.8) %;2-year EFS 100% vs.(88.9 ± 10.5)% vs.(51.1 ± 8.9)%],and the differences were statistically significant (P =0.008,P =0.030).Patients who received surgery had higher OS and EFS than those who did not received surgery [2-year OS (80.7±8.8)% vs.(53.3 ± 10.4)%;2-year EFS (71.1 ±10.1)% vs.(49.5±10.4)%],and the differences were statistically significant (P =0.008,P =0.026).COX regression analysis showed tumor diameter > 5 cm was an adverse prognostic factor (OR =4.124,95% CI:1.213-14.025,P =0.023).Conclusions PM-RMS accounted for a high proportion in RMS patients.The primary site and the size of the tumor are the main prognostic factors.Intensive therapy is expected to improve the prognosis of HN-RMS with meningeal invasion.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 767-773, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796338

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the clinical characteristics, treatment response and prognostic factors of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children.@*Methods@#The clinical characteristics such as age at diagnosis, primary tumor site, tumor size, pathological type, clinical stage, and risk grouping of 213 RMS patients (140 males and 73 females) treated in Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, from May 2006 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, overall survival (OS), event free survival (EFS) and prognostic factors of children treated with the Beijing Children′s Hospital-Rhabdomyosarcoma (BCH-RMS) regimen were analyzed. Survival data were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and single factor analysis was performed by Log-Rank test.@*Results@#The diagnostic age of 213 cases was 48.0 months (ranged 3.0-187.5 months), of which 136 cases (63.8%) were younger than 10 years old. The head and neck region was the most common primary site of tumor (30%, 64 cases), followed by the genitourinary tract (26.8%, 57 cases). Among pathological subtypes, embryonal RMS accounted for 71.4% (152 cases), while alveolar RMS and anaplastic RMS accounted for only 26.8% (57 cases) and 1.9% (4 cases), respectively. According to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group (IRS), IRS-Ⅲ and Ⅳ accounted for 85.0% (181 cases) of all RMS patients. In all patients, 9.4% (20 cases) patients were divided in to low-risk group, 52.1% (111 cases) patients in to intermediate -risk group, 25.8% (55 cases) patients in to high-risk group, and 12.7% (27 cases) patients in to the central nervous system invasion group, respectively. All patients with RMS received chemotherapy. The cycles of chemotherapy were 13.5 (ranged 5.0-18.0) for patients without event occurrence, while 14.2 (ranged 3.0-30.0) for patients with event occurrence. Among the 213 patients, 200 patients had surgical operation, of whom 103 patients underwent surgery before chemotherapy and 97 patients at the end of chemotherapy, 21 patients had secondary surgical resection. Radiotherapy was performed in 114 patients. The follow-up time was 23.0 months (ranged 0.5-151.0 months) . There were 98 patients with relapsed or progressed disease and 67 patients with death. The median time to progression was 10 months, of which 67 (68.4%) relapse occurred within 1 year and no recurrence occurred after follow-up for more than 5 years. The 3-year EFS and 5-year EFS were (52±4) % and (48±4) %, while the 3-year OS and 5-year OS were (65±4) % and (64±4) % by survival analysis. The 5-year OS of the low-risk, intermediate-risk, the high-risk were 100%, (74±5) %, (48±8) %, and the 2-year OS of the central nervous system invasion group was (36±11) % (χ2=33.52, P<0.01). The 5-year EFS of the low-risk, intermediate-risk, the high-risk were (93±6) %, (51±5) %, (36±7) % and the 2-year EFS of the central nervous system invasion group was (31±10) % (χ2=24.73, P<0.01) . Survival factor analysis suggested that the OS of children was correlated with age(χ2=4.16, P=0.038), tumor TNM stage (χ2=22.02, P=0.001), IRS group (χ2=4.49, P<0.01) and the risk group (χ2=33.52, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#This study showed that the median age of newly diagnosed RMS patients was 4 years. The head and neck and the genitourinary tract were the most common primary origin of RMS. The OS was low in single-center RMS children. The median time to recurrence was 10 months, and recurrence was rare 3 years later.

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