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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 731-735, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively evaluate the clinical effect of mitral valve repair for rheumatic mitral stenosis.Methods:We retropectively analyze the clinical datd of 50 rheumatic mitral disease patients undergoing mitral valve repair from January 2016 to March 2019, the clinical outcome was compaired with those of patients undergoing mitral valve replacement. The operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, blood loss, ICU time, hospital stay, and postoperative cardiac function were analyzed, and followed up for 2 years to assess mitral regurgitation, cardiac function, and complication rates.Results:The time of cardiopulmonary bypass and ascending aorta occlusion in the valve repair group were longer than those in the valve replacement group ( P<0.05), and the postoperative ventilator assistance time, ICU stay time, and hospital stay were shorter than those in the valve replacement group ( P<0.05). After 2 years of follow-up, no patients died in the two groups. The rehospitalization rate in the valve repair group was lower than that in the replacement group ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the reoperation rate between the groups ( P>0.05); There was 1 case (2%) of moderate mitral valve regurgitation in the mitral valve repair group, no moderate or severe mitral valve stenosis, no paravalvular leakage in the mitral valve replacement group, and no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and left ventricular ejection fraction in the mitral valve repair group were significantly better than those in the mitral valve replacement group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Mitral valve repair is effective in treating rheumatic mitral stenosis. It is beneficial to protect heart function, reduce postoperative anticoagulation complications, and does not increase the rate of reoperation. It is a safe, effective and feasible treatment.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 878-882, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817006

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of adiponectin (APN) on the expression of myocardial AMPK in myocardial insulin resistance (IR) model dogs during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Totally 24 dogs were randomly divided into control group, model group, APN group (36 μg/kg), AMPK inhibition group (APN 36 μg/kg+AMPK inhibitor compound C 0.5 mg/kg), with 6 dogs in each group. All dogs underwent CPB; except for control group without medicine, CPB myocardial IR model were established in other groups, and perfused with St.Thomas cardiac cardioplegia lipid no medicine or containing relevant drugs after main artery block. Coronary sinus blood and carotid artery blood samples were collected before bypass and after 15, 90 min reperfusion following 60 min myocardial ischemia. Left ventricular apical tissue was taken, and the uptake rate of myocardial glucose and insulin resistance index (IRI) were determined and calculated; the changes of myocardial injury indexes (cTnT concentration) and cardiac function indexes (LVSP, +dp/dtmax) were monitored. The level of p-AMPK was detected. RESULTS: There was no statistical significance in above indexes of dogs before bypass (P>0.05). Compared with control group, the rate of myocardial glucose uptake, the levels of LVSP, +dp/dtmax and p-AMPK in model group were decreased significantly after 15, 90 min reperfusion (P<0.05), and the concentrations of IRI and cTnT were increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the rate of myocardial glucose uptake, LVSP, +dp/dtmax and p-AMPK were increased significantly in APN group and AMPK inhibitor group (P<0.05), while the concentrations of IRI and cTnT were decreased significantly (P<0.05); moreover, the effect of APN group was better than that of AMPK inhibitor group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: APN can promote myocardial glucose uptake and metabolism, and contribute the recovery of cardiac function, the mechanism of which may be associated with increasing the activity of AMPK.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1476-1480, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697802

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and longterm outcomes of prophylactic autologous pericardium tricuspid valve annuloplasty(TVA)in patients with rheumatic heart disease(RHD). Methods A total of 832 patients with RHD were enrolled in this study ,including 146 patients with mild FTR but without TVA(observation group);434 patients with mild FTR underwent TVA(control group A)and 434 patients with moderate or severe FTR underwent TVA(control group B). Propensity score and survival analysis were used to evaluate perioperative safety ,FTR progression ,CHF and MACCE incidence after prophylactic TVA. Results A total of 192 patients were successfully matched. There was no significant difference in the perioperative complications between the observation group and the control groups(P>0.05). The progression rate of FTR in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control groups (P = 0.005 & 0.032 ). There was no significant difference in the incidence of CHF and MACCE events between the observation group and the control groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions The treatment strategy of prophylactic autologous pericardium TVA at the time of left heart valve surgery for patients with RHD doesn′t increase operation costs ,perioperative complications and mortality ,but effectively prevent postoperative FTR recurrence or progression.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3918-3923, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of acadesine on myocardial energy metabolism of model dogs with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS:Dogs were randomly divided into control group,model group,acadesine low-dose,high-dose groups(0.8,3.2 mg/kg),6 in each group. All dogs received CPB. Except for control group,dogs in other groups were reduced for MIRI model,and perfused St.Thomas cardiac cardioplegia lipid containing rel-evant drugs 60 min after main artery block. The uptake rates of myocardial glucose and free fatty acid(FFA),creatine kinase isoen-zyme(CK-MB)concent in venous sinus plasma and adenosine triphosphate(ATP)content in mitochondria were detected and calcu-lated before bypass and after 15,60,90 min of reperfusion. Left ventricular systolic pressure(LVSP)and left ventricular end dia-stolic pressure(LVEDP)were analyzed,and mRNA expression of adenylate-activated protein kinase(AMPK)and protein expres-sion of phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPK)in myocardial tissue were detected. RESULTS:Before bypass,all indexes in each group had no statistic significances(P>0.05). After bypass,compared with control group,uptake rates of myocardial glucose and FAA, ATP content,mRNA expression of AMPK and protein expression of p-AMPK and LVSP in 3 time points in model group and each administration group were obviously decreased(P<0.05);LVEDP and CK-MB concent in plasma were obviously increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group,uptake rates of myocardial glucose and FAA,ATP content,mRNA expression of AMPK and protein expression of p-AMPK and LVSP in 3 time points in each administration group were obviously increased (P<0.05);LVEDP and CK-MB concent in plasma were obviously decreased (P<0.05);and high-dose group showed more obvious change than that of low-dose group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Acadesine can promote the AMPK phosphorylation,contribute to the myocardial glucose and FFA uptake to promote the increase of ATP in myocardial mitochondria and relieve MIRI after CPB.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3918-3923, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of acadesine on myocardial energy metabolism of model dogs with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS:Dogs were randomly divided into control group,model group,acadesine low-dose,high-dose groups(0.8,3.2 mg/kg),6 in each group. All dogs received CPB. Except for control group,dogs in other groups were reduced for MIRI model,and perfused St.Thomas cardiac cardioplegia lipid containing rel-evant drugs 60 min after main artery block. The uptake rates of myocardial glucose and free fatty acid(FFA),creatine kinase isoen-zyme(CK-MB)concent in venous sinus plasma and adenosine triphosphate(ATP)content in mitochondria were detected and calcu-lated before bypass and after 15,60,90 min of reperfusion. Left ventricular systolic pressure(LVSP)and left ventricular end dia-stolic pressure(LVEDP)were analyzed,and mRNA expression of adenylate-activated protein kinase(AMPK)and protein expres-sion of phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPK)in myocardial tissue were detected. RESULTS:Before bypass,all indexes in each group had no statistic significances(P>0.05). After bypass,compared with control group,uptake rates of myocardial glucose and FAA, ATP content,mRNA expression of AMPK and protein expression of p-AMPK and LVSP in 3 time points in model group and each administration group were obviously decreased(P<0.05);LVEDP and CK-MB concent in plasma were obviously increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group,uptake rates of myocardial glucose and FAA,ATP content,mRNA expression of AMPK and protein expression of p-AMPK and LVSP in 3 time points in each administration group were obviously increased (P<0.05);LVEDP and CK-MB concent in plasma were obviously decreased (P<0.05);and high-dose group showed more obvious change than that of low-dose group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Acadesine can promote the AMPK phosphorylation,contribute to the myocardial glucose and FFA uptake to promote the increase of ATP in myocardial mitochondria and relieve MIRI after CPB.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 643-646, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the methods of preventing and managing the complications in thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods:The participants of this study included 317 patients undergoing lobectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery between January 2007 and December 2012. Intra-operative complications were observed, and countermeasures were summarized. Results: Complications occurred 28 times (8.8%), including bleeding in 16 cases because of accidental vascular injury (5.0%), accidental injury/break of bronchus in two cases (0.6%), vascular stump errhysis from cutting stapler in four cases (1.3%), lung stump air leakage in three cases (0.9%), lung injury in two cases (0.6%), and diaphragmatic injury in one case (0.3%). Conversion to thoracotomy was conducted in 17 cases, with a conversion rate of 5.4%. Thoracoscopic repair operation was performed in 14 cases that exhibited bleeding, with a success rate of 70% (14/20). No mortality was reported during the operation. Conclusion:Thoracoscopic lobectomy is a highly difficult method in thoracic surgeries. The procedure requires substantial attention on the timely prevention and correct management of intra-operative complications, particularly the injury and bleeding of major vessels, to reduce the rate of conversion to thoracotomy and the incidence of post-operative complications, as well as to promote the surgery in clinics.

7.
Acta Nutrimenta Sinica ; (6)1956.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the action of low level soybean isoflavones (genistin, genistein and daidzein) on the oxidative modification of lipoproteins in serum. Methods: After a system of lipoprotein oxidation mediated by Cu 2+ was established in a dilute serum, the effects of soybean isoflavones on the course and the end of lipoprotein oxidation could be reflected by monitoring the production of conjugated dienes and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) respectively when isoflavones were added. Results: After 0.5-10 ?mol/L genistein, daidzein, genistin or ?-tocopherol was added into the lipoprotein system respectively before the oxidation initiated by Cu 2+ , the production of conjugated dienes or TBARS in the system was significantly reduced with a dose-dependent relationship. When the lipoprotein oxidation was initiated by Cu 2+ at 37 ℃ for 1 h or 1.5 h, soybean isoflavones also revealed strong inhibition on the oxidation in a weakening way. In comparison with soy isoflavones, ?-tocopherol had smaller inhibition on the production of conjugated dienes, but had promotion on the increase of TBARS. Conclusion: Lipoprotein oxidative modification in serum was weakened by low level soybean isoflavones, and its action after the oxidation initiated was more effective than that of ?-tocopherol.

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