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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 295-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the computed tomography (CT) examination anato-mical features and clinical significance of paraesophageal vein (PEV) in portal hypertension.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 173 patients with portal hypertension who were admitted to the People's Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from January 2018 to June 2021 were collected. There were 124 males and 49 females, aged from 22 to 71 years, with a median age of 47 years. Observation indicators: (1) preoperative CT examinations; (2) surgical situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination to detect surgical effects once every 3 months within postoperative 6 months and once every 6 months after postoperative 6 months. The follow-up was up to June 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) and count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Preoperative CT examinations. The CT detection rate of PEV in the 173 portal hyper-tension patients was 52.60%(91/173). Of 173 patients, 82 cases were negative with PEV and 91 cases were positive with PEV. Of the 91 patients who were positive with PEV, there were 46 cases with paraesophageal varices, 24 cases with thick PEV, 21 cases with thin PEV, 8 cases without esophageal varices and 83 cases accompanied with esophageal varices. Of the 83 patients who were accom-panied with esophageal varices, there were 44 cases with PEV converged alone with azygos vein or semiazygos vein, 39 cases with paraesophageal varices formed above the diaphragm confluent with esophageal varices into azygos vein. (2) Surgical situations. All the 173 patients underwent surgery successfully, including 8 cases undergoing splenectomy, 86 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with modified complete devascularization, 35 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with spontaneous gastrorenal shunt reconstructing devascularization, 41 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV preserving devascularization and 3 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV ring constriction. None of 173 patients had surgical relative death, 67 cases had complica-tions, including 3 cases undergoing splenectomy, 29 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with modified complete devascularization, 11 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with spontaneous gastrorenal shunt reconstructing devascularization, 23 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV preserving devascularization and 1 case undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV ring constriction underwent complications. (3) Follow-up. Of the 173 patients, 159 cases were followed up for 6 to 42 months, with a median follow-up time of 28 months. In the 7 cases undergoing splenectomy who were followed up, there were 6 cases without esophageal varices and 1 case with recurrence of esophageal varices. In the 79 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with modified complete devascularization who were followed up, there were 5 cases without esophageal varices, 67 cases with mild to moderate residual of esophageal varices, 5 cases with severe residual of esophageal varices, 1 case with recurrence of esophageal varices and 1 case with recurrence of esophageal varices hemorrhage. In the 34 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with sponta-neous gastrorenal shunt reconstructing devascularization who were followed up, there were 7 cases without esophageal varices and 27 cases with mild to moderate residual of esophageal varices. In the 36 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV preserving devascularization who were followed up, there were 4 cases without esophageal varices, 21 cases with mild to moderate residual of esophageal varices, 5 cases with severe residual of esophageal varices, 4 cases with recurrence of esophageal varices and 2 cases with recurrence of esophageal varices hemorrhage. In the 3 cases undergoing splenectomy combined with PEV ring constriction who were followed up, there were 2 cases with mild to moderate residual of esophageal varices, 1 case with severe residual of esophageal varices.Conclusions:The CT detection rate of PEV in portal hypertension patients is >50% and the internal diameter and distribution of blood vessels are different in patients. CT examination anatomical features of PEV can be used to guide the formula-tion of surgical methods.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755038

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects between three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer and investigate the prognostic factors.Methods Medical record of 2 132 patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer who underwent definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy in 10 hospitals from January 2002 to December 2016 from were retrospectively analyzed.Among these patients,37.9% of them were aged ≥ 70 years,33.9% with neck and upper esophageal tumors and 66.1% with middle and lower esophageal and borderline tumors.The median gross tumor volume (GTV) and lymph node gross tumor volume (GTVnd) was 41.6 cm3.Among them,32% were stage Ⅱ] and 68% were stage Ⅲ.A total of 723 patients received 3DCRT and 1 409 cases received IMRT.Patients received an equivalent dose in 2 Gy (EQD2) ≥ 60 Gy accounted for 86.1%,and 41.1% of them received concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Results The median follow-up time was 60.8 months.The 1-,3-and 5-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 73.9%,41.7% and 32.6%,and the 1-,3-and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 62.2%,37.3% and 32%,respectively.Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume,EQD2 and concurrent chemoradiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors for OS.Age,primary tumor location,clinical stage,tumor target volume and EQD2 were the independent prognostic factors for PFS.The OS and PFS did not significantly differ among the low-risk,low-/moderate-risk,moderate-/high-risk and high-risk groups according to age≥70 years,tumor diameter>5 cm,tumor volume ≥41.6 cm3 and stage Ⅲ (P<0.001).After the propensity score matching (PSM) method,neither 3DCRT nor IMRT yielded significant advantages in OS or PFS (P=0.971;P=0.658).However,IMRT tended to yield survival benefits in low-risk patients (P=0.125).Conclusions Both 3DCRT and IMRT yield relatively high OS rate in patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ esophageal cancer.The prognosis model established in this investigation can properly predict the survival of patients.Low-risk patients tend to obtain survival benefits from IMRT.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 239-245, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707852

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and related risk factors of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture (OPF) in patients with rheumatic diseases (RD),and the fracture predictive values of fracture risk assessment tool fracture risk assessment (FRAX(R))for Han patients.Methods A total of 313 untreated RD patients were included.Each individual BMD was measured at lumbar spine and femoral neck with Dual-energy X-ray absorptionary.Ten-year probability of fracture (%) was calculated by fracture risk assessment tool FRAX(R) of Chinese model.Each individual previous fracture was confirmed by X-ray or CT examination.The associations between BMD,FRAX),previous fracture and age,bone mass index,nationality,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and RD types were analyzed.T test or Wilcoxon test was used to compare the difference between groups for statistical analysis.Pearson/Spearman rank order and binary regression were used to analyze the correlations between variables of normal/non-normal and two classification distribution.Results ① The BMD of patients with untreated RD was significantly lower than that of control group (P=0.000).Individuals diagnosed with "osteopenia" in the RD group and control group were accounted for 39.3% (123/313) and 15.8% (47/296) respectively.Individuals diagnosed with "osteoporosis" in RD group and control group were accounted for 11.5% (36/313) and 5.4% (16/296) respectively.② The next 10-year probability of the hip (Z=-2.28,P=0.02) and major osteoporotic fracture (Z=-1.98,P=0.03) were higher than those of the control group,as well as the actual incidence of OPF (x2=25.11,P=0.00),the difference was statistically significant.③ 27.3%(18/66) and 55.0%(11/20) of the previous OPF patients in RD group and control group achieved the diagnostic criteria of "high risk" of hip fracture.And 12.1% (8/66) and 35.0% (7/20) achieved the "high risk" of major osteoporotic fracture.④ Patients with RA,SLE and pSS had significantly increased risk of fracture.Ten-year fracture risks were negatively related to advanced age,female gender and ESR.Conclusion Bone loss and increased fracture risk are prevalent in the early stage of untreated rheumatism patients.RA,SLE plays an important role in low bone mass.The FRAX China model may underestimate 10-year fracture probability of RD patients and controls.Further explore should be done to predict the FRAX China model on different areas and different RDs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 25-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707212

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the immunoregulatory effect of sodium butyrate(NaB)on T helper cell 17(Th17)and the effect on toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)signal pathway in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH).Methods Fifty male C57BL/6 mice(6 weeks of age)according to the random number table method divided into control group(n=10),AIH group(n=10),NaB group(n=10)and high roughage diet(HRD)group(n=10),and the other ten mice were used to extract hepatic sytosolic S-100.After the establishment of AIH model,mice in NaB group were given sodium butyrate 500 mg/(kg·d)by gavage and those in HRD group were fed with high-fiber stuff.After 3 weeks of treatment,all the mice were sacrificed.The pathological change was observed.The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate transaminase(AST),IL-17A and TNF-α,the proportion of Th17 in spleen,the expression levels of TLR4 and myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88)in liver were observed in each group.The tests of normality and homogeneity of variance were used to compare the means of each group.One-way analysis of variance and multiple comparative analyses were used in the statistical analysis.Results HE staining showed that inflammatory cell infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis were significantly reduced in mice treated with NaB and HRD compared to AIH group.Serum ALT levels in control group,AIH group,NaB group and HRD group were(24.833 ± 2.229),(88.333 ± 9.543),(27.167 ± 3.189)and (29.833 ± 6.113)U/L,respectively,while AST levels in each group were(97.00 ± 14.953),(285.000 ± 35.434),(139.500 ± 38.976)and(127.167 ± 28.687)U/L,respectively.The differences among groups were all statistically significant(F=156.49 and 44.118,respectively,both P<0.01).The proportion of Th17 in spleen and the expressions of the transcription factors retinoid-related orphan receptor gamma t in the spleen of the NaB group and HRD group were significantly lower than those of AIH group.The differences were statistically significantly(F=21.780 and 68.283,respectively,both P<0.05).The expressions of TLR4 and MyD88 in liver of AIH group were significantly higher than control group,but those were inhibited in NaB group and HRD group.The differences were statistically significantly(F= 26.235 and 28.293,respectively,both P<0.01).The expressions of IL-17 and TNF-α in liver and serum decreased in NaB group and HRD group.Conclusion NaB exerts an immunoregulatory effect in AIH and improves inflammatory reaction in liver.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 18-24, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707211

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of high-fat diet(HFD)on liver damage caused by autoimmune hepatitis(AIH)in mice.Methods Fifty C57BL/6 male mice were divided randomly into four groups:standard chow(SC)group,HFD group,AIH + SC group and AIH+ HFD group.AIH model was built after feeding for one week and all mice were sacrificed after four weeks.Liver and spleen tissues and serum were collected. Liver histopathology was detected by HE staining. Serum alanine aminotransperase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)levels were measured.Western blot analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction(PCR)analysis were used to test the expressions of NLR pyrin domain containing 3(NLRP3)and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 1(Caspase-1).The concentrations of interleukin(IL)-6,IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α were analyzed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technology.The amount of Th17 cells in spleen was analyzed by FACS.Means among groups were analyzed with one-way ANOVA.SNK-q analysis was used for groups with homogeneity of variance, while nonparametric test was used for groups with variance nonhomogeneity.Results Histologically,the H&E staining of liver tissue from HFD group showed adipose degeneration,and there was inflammation around vessel in AIH+SC group.Moreover,in AIH+HFD group,the inflammation was more serious with mildly adipose degeneration.Compared with SC group,serum levels of ALT and AST increased in HFD group and AIH +SC group,and greatest increase was observed in AIH+ HFD group.The differences were statistically significant(F=57.12 and 37.58, both P<0.05).The proportions of Th17 cells in SC group,HFD group,AIH+ SC group and AIH+HFD group were(2.98 ± 0.90)%,(6.89 ± 0.99)%,(6.47 ± 1.08)% and(9.96 ± 0.83)%, respectively.The differences among all groups were statistically significant(F=54.05,P<0.05).The concentrations of IL-1β,IL-6 and TNF-α in each group were as follows:SC:IL-1β[(7.62 ± 2.81)ng/L],IL-6 [(106.54 ± 53.08)ng/L],T NF-α[(107.26 ± 36.20)ng/L];HFD:IL-1β[(25.06 ± 7.09)ng/L],IL-6 [(220.11 ± 47.41)ng/L],TNF-α[(273.77 ± 33.62)ng/L];AIH+SC:IL-1β[(17.49 ± 5.68)ng/L],IL-6 [(260.73 ± 50.29)ng/L],TNF-α[(250.49 ± 81.63)ng/L];AIH+ HFD:IL-1β[(52.04 ± 10.22)ng/L], IL-6[(785.93 ± 70.91)ng/L],TNF-α[(913.97 ± 64.57)ng/L].The differences were statistically significant(F=44.66,242.15 and 233.49,respectively,all P<0.05).The expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1 were significantly increased in AIH+ HFD group than the other three groups(all P<0.05). Conclusions High-fat diet potentiates liver damage induced by autoimmune hepatitis,which might relate to the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines,the activation of Th17 cells and the NLRP3 inflammasome as well as pyroptosis.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 431-434, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696835

ABSTRACT

Objective To access the effects of 70 kV tube voltage combined with low dose and low concentration of contrast medium in coronary CT angiography (CCTA)by evaluating the image quality,radiation dose and contrast medium dosage.Methods Ninety patients suspected with coronary artery disease with body mass index(BMI)of less than 25 kg/m2and heart rate (HR)of less than 75 beats per minute were enrolled.The patients were randomly divided into three groups (n=30 for each group):Group A,100 kV of tube voltage with 370 mg I/mL iopromide,1 mL/kg;Group B,80 kV with 270 mg I/mL iodixanol,1 mL/kg;Group C,70 kV with 270 mg I/mL iodixanol,0.8 mL/kg.All the patients underwent CCTA with a 256 row wide-coverage volumetric CT.Automatic tube current modulation technique was applied.The images were reconstructed by adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction V (ASIR-V).The subjective image quality scores were compared with rank-sum test.The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),contrast-to-noise ratio(CNR),effective dose(ED)and the total iodine intake were calculated and compared with one-way ANOVA.Results No statistically differences in age,gender,heart rate and BMI were observed among the three groups (P>0.05).Subjective image quality scores had no difference among the three groups (P>0.05).The CT values of group C were higher than those of group A(P<0.05).The image noise of group C was higher than that of group A and group B (P<0.05).No significant differences in SNR and CNR were noticed among the three groups (P>0.05).The ED of group B (0.39±0.08)mSv and group C (0.19±0.01)mSv were lower than that of group A (0.81±0.19)mSv (each P<0.05).Compared with group A,the decrease rates of ED of group B and C were 51.8% and 76.5% respectively.Compared with group A and group B,the total iodine intake of group C was decreased by 25% and 21.4% (P<0.05).Conclusion 70 kV of tube voltage combined with low dose and low concentration of contrast medium in CCTA can reduce the radiation dose and iodine intake without compromising image quality.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1107-1111, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660463

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the dosimetric benefit,prognosis and toxicity of intensitymodulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell cancer.Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 28 patients,aged between 45 and 83 years,with stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell cancer who had received radical IMRT.Of these patients,six received concurrent chemotherapy and eight received targeted therapy.The median radiotherapy dose was 67.1 Gy.Dosimetric parameters for the target volume and critical normal structures were evaluated by dose volume histogram.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS),progress free survival (PFS) and locoregional control (LRC).Results The mean conformity index (CI) and homogeneity index (HI) scores of the planning target volume (PTV) were 0.82 and 0.92,respectively,indicating very good coverage of the target volume.Three-year OS,PFS,and LRC were 48.0 %,31.2%,and 62.0%,respectively.Acute toxicities were mild,only two patients developed acute esophagitis (grade ≥3),and three had acute pneumonitis (grade ≥2).Conclusions IMRT can provide excellent dose conformity and achieve favorable LRC and survival with only mild toxicities in patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cancer.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1107-1111, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657920

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the dosimetric benefit,prognosis and toxicity of intensitymodulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell cancer.Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 28 patients,aged between 45 and 83 years,with stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cell cancer who had received radical IMRT.Of these patients,six received concurrent chemotherapy and eight received targeted therapy.The median radiotherapy dose was 67.1 Gy.Dosimetric parameters for the target volume and critical normal structures were evaluated by dose volume histogram.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate overall survival (OS),progress free survival (PFS) and locoregional control (LRC).Results The mean conformity index (CI) and homogeneity index (HI) scores of the planning target volume (PTV) were 0.82 and 0.92,respectively,indicating very good coverage of the target volume.Three-year OS,PFS,and LRC were 48.0 %,31.2%,and 62.0%,respectively.Acute toxicities were mild,only two patients developed acute esophagitis (grade ≥3),and three had acute pneumonitis (grade ≥2).Conclusions IMRT can provide excellent dose conformity and achieve favorable LRC and survival with only mild toxicities in patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal squamous cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 734-738, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707207

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of trichostatin A(TSA),a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on s-100-induced autoimmune hepatitis in mice.Methods A total of 26 six-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group,model group and TSA group(six in each group),and the rest 8 mice were used to extract the s-100 protein from liver tissue.Mice of model group and TSA group were injected intraperitoneally with s-100 with complete Freund's adjuvant to induce autoimmune hepatitis model.At day 21, TSA group mice were injected intraperitoneally with TSA 2 mg/(kg·d)for 7 days,and 0.9% sodium chloride solution containing 1% dimethyl sulfoxide was injected into the control and model group mice.Alanine transaminase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)in serum were measured and liver histopathology was observed.The protein levels of nuclear factor(NF)-κB and acetylated histone H3 in liver tissue were detected by Western Blot.The hepatic mRNA levels of NF-κB,HDAC3,toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)and TNF-α were measured by real-time PCR.ELISA was used to determine the TNF-α in serum.The results were analyzed with t test.Results The serum levels of ALT in control group,model group and TSA group were(122.00 ± 45.29),(459.33 ± 167.58)and(217.33 ± 49.25)U/L,respectively.The differences between model group and control group or TSA group were significant(t=4.76 and 3.41,respectively,both P<0.05).The serum levels of AST in control group,model group and TSA group were(127.83 ± 18.55),(389.67 ± 87.14)and (249.50 ± 71.72)U/L,respectively.The differences between model group and control group or TSA group were also significant(t= 7.20 and 3.04,respectively,both P< 0.05).The inflammation of the liver histopathology induced by s100 was alleviated by TSA.The relative expressions of NF-κB protein,NF-κB mRNA,TNF-α mRNA,HDAC3 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA in the liver tissue of model group mice were 2.43 ± 0.42,9.51 ± 0.36,10.53 ± 0.74,2.90 ± 0.22,and 4.50 ± 0.73,respectively,which were significantly higher than those of the control group(1.28 ± 0.49,1.28 ± 0.49,1.06 ± 0.14,1.72 ± 0.73,and 1.01 ± 0.31, respectively)(t=4.68,37.14,30.69,4.33 and 10.85,respectively,all P <0.05).In TSA group,the relative expressions of NF-κB protein,NF-κB mRNA,TNF-α mRNA,HDAC3 mRNA and TLR4 mRNA were decreased(1.30 ± 0.36,1.30 ± 0.36,2.38 ± 0.36,2.13 ± 0.32 and 2.40 ± 0.51,respectively),which were statistically lower than those in model group(t=4.58,30.62,24.12,2.81 and 5.81,respectively,all P<0.05).The serum TNF-α levels in control group,model group and TSA group were(122.37 ± 68.12), (1361.44 207.13)and(691.64 ± 162.12)ng/L,respectively.Compared with model group,the differences were statistically significant(t=13.92 and 6.24,respectively,both P<0.05).The relative expression of ac-H3 protein in the model group was 1.10 ± 0.08,which was higher than that in the control group 0.96 ± 0.17(t=2.27,P<0.05).That in TSA group was 1.30 ± 0.04,which was higher than the model group(t=-0.30, P <0.05).Conclusion Histone deacetylase inhibitor TSA alleviates autoimmune hepatitis by enhancing histone acetylation and inhibiting NF-κB and inflammatory factors.

10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 492-497, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666798

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of curcumin derivatives (C66) on proliferation and expressions of α-smooth muscle (α SMA) and Collagen Ⅰ in rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC) induced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in vitro and the relationship with cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1).Methods To determine the optimum time and concentration of C66,HSC-T6 cell line was cultured in vitro and divided into control group and groups with different doses of C66 (1 μmol/L,2 μmol/L,5 μmol/L,10 μmol/L,20 μmol/L).Cell proliferation was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay.Then,according to the time and concentration of C66 above,cells were divided into 5 groups including control group,TGF-β only group,TGF-β combined with CB1 antagonist group,TGF-β combined with C66 group and TGF β combined with CB1 antagonist plus C66 group.Quantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction and western blot were used to assess the expressions of α SMA,Collagen Ⅰ,CB1,JNK and phosphorylation of JNK (p-JNK).The variance homogeneity of multiple samples was compared by LSD method.The variance was compared with Dunnett T3 test.One-way analysis of variance was performed to compare the mean values among the groups.Results The inhibitory effect of C66 on HSC-T6 proliferation was dose and time dependent.The optimum time and concentration were 48h and 10 μmol/L,respectively,with the inhibition rate of 54%.Compared with control group,expressions of α-SMA,collagen Ⅰ and CB1 were significantly elevated in TGF-β group (t=6.188,3.48 and 20.64,respectively,all P<0.05).TGF-β1 could increase the relative mRNA expressions of CB1,collagen Ⅰ and α-SMA with significant differences (t =4.705,9.492 and 38.27,respectively,all P< 0.05).Compared with control group,p-JNK expression was significantly elevated in TGF-β group (t=9.567,P<0.05).Conclusions C66 could inhibit the proliferation and collagen synthesis in HSC-T6 induced by TGF-β and the effect is strengthened when combined with CB1 antagonist,which may involve JNK phosphorylation.Our study provides a better understanding on the mechanism and a new target for treatment of liver fibrosis.

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 409-412, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460387

ABSTRACT

Objective To reconstruct the three-dimensional images of normal liver using 256-slice intelligent CT (iCT)and to measure the volume of liver and its segments.Methods 48 healthy adults underwent abdominal contrast enhancement iCT,and the images in portal venous phase were transmitted to a workstation (EBW4.5)to obtain the three-dimensional images of the liver.The total liver volume was measured,and a scatter plot was gotten between body surface area and liver volume.According to the Couinaud classification of hepatic segment ofⅠ-Ⅷ,the volume of each segment was also measured.Results The mean total liver volume in 48 adults was (1 343.2±238.3)mL,which was positively correlated with body surface area with a correlation coefficient of 0.87 and a regression equation of LV(mL)=763.0×BSA-28.6.The volume of SegmentⅠ-Ⅷ was(24.5±4.3)mL,(148.6±31.6)mL,(110.4±24.9)mL, (222.3±43.0)mL,(212.8±36.5)mL,(186.7±34.7)mL,(164.3±30.8)mL and (273.4±56.1)mL,and their percentage was (1.8±0.2)%,(11.0±1.1)%,(8.2±1.1)%,(16.6±1.4)%,(15.9±1.0)%,(13.0±1.0)%,(12.2±0.7)% and (20.3±1.5)% respec-tively.Conclusion The three-dimensional images of liver and hepatic segments can be well reconstructed by 256 slice iCT.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 573-576, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437981

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the immunohistochemical types and the pathological types of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN).Methods Literatures on the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic IPMN published before June 30,2011 in the PubMed database were retrieved.The literatures adopted were scored by the case reports quality assessment list.The correlation analysis between the immunohistochemical types and the gender,pathological types,characteristics of benign or malignant tumor and morphological types were analyzed.All data were analyzed using the Pearson chi-square test or multiple regression analysis.Results Thirteen literatures were adopted,the scores were 31-45 (full mark:50),and the mean score was 37.The clinical data of 826 pancreatic IPMN patients who were comfirmed by pathological examination were collected,and there were 4 immunohistochemical types:(1) The gastric type (363 patients).Of the 271 patients who underwent gender analysis,there were 195 males and 76 females,with the median age of 65.6 years.Of the 225 patients who underwent pathological types analysis,there were 146 cases of adenoma,34 cases of borderline tumor,24 cases of carcinoma in situ,21 cases of invasive carcinoma,the benign tumor was accounted for 86.68% (293/338).Of the 215 patients who underwent morphological type analysis,there were 34 cases of main pancreatic duct type,151 cases of branch duct type and 30 cases of mixed type.(2) The intestinal type (327 patients).Of the 269 patients who underwent gender analysis,there were 184 males and 85 females,with the median age of 64.5 years.Of the 262 patients who underwent pathological types analysis,there were 28 cases of adenoma,43 cases of borderline tumor,91 cases of carcinoma in situ,100 cases of invasive carcinoma,the benign tumor was accounted for 29.21% (85/291).Of the 151 patients who underwent morphological type analysis,there were 63 cases of main pancreatic duct type,54 cases of branch duct type and 34 cases of mixed type.(3) The pancreatobiliary type (92 patients).Of the 78 patients who underwent gender analysis,there were 41 males and 37 females,with the median age of 69.2 years.Of the 81 patients who underwent pathological types analysis,there were 4 cases of adenoma,1 case of borderline tumor,21 cases of carcinoma in situ,55 cases of invasive carcinoma,the benign tumor was accounted for 5.75% (5/87).Of the 34 patients who underwent morphological type analysis,there were 7 cases of main pancreatic duct type,18 cases of branch duct type and 9 cases of mixed type.(4) The oncocytic type (44 patients).Of the 37 patients who underwent gender analysis,there were 24 males and 13 females,with the median age of 60.3 years.Of the 33 patients who underwent pathological types analysis,there were 18 cases of carcinoma in situ,15 cases of invasive carcinoma,and all of them were with malignant tumors.Of the 36 patients who underwent morphological type analysis,there were 9 cases of main pancreatic duct type,16 cases of branch duct type and 11 cases of mixed type.The immunohistochemical type of pancreatic IPMN was correlated with gender,pathological type and characteristics of maglignant or benign tumors (x2=10.626,281.839,333.212,r =0.097,0.569,0.625,P < 0.05).The result of the chi-square test between the immunohistochemical types and the morphological types was statistically significant (x2 =50.732,P < 0.05),but there was no correlation between them (r =0.010,P > 0.05).Conclusion The immunohistochemical type of pancreatic IPMN is correlated with gender,pathological type and the characteristics of maglignant or benign tumors,which provide references for the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of pancreatic IPMN.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 516-519, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437665

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristics which are related to malignancy in pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with an aim to provide evidence for clinical practice.Methods Using PubMed,all pancreatic IPMN related articles with positive pathologic results before July 30th,2011 were studied.A pooled analysis was carried out on the morphological features of the disease.The analysis included gender,diameter of main pancreatic duct,diameter of cystic lesion,mural nodules and histological types (benign/malignant) of the neoplasm.Results 98 articles (including 1902 cases) were collected and analyzed.1025 cases were benign (53.89%) and 877 cases (46.11 %) were malignant.Morphologically,there were a correlation between main pancreatic duct dilatation (≥5 mm),cystic lesion of large size (≥30 mm),presence of mural nodules and malignancy.The OR (95% CI) were 5.591 (3.657-8.548),3.633 (2.626-5.027) and 4.983 (3.872-6.412) respectively.Conclusions A main pancreatic duct dilatation (≥5 mm),cystic lesions of large size (≥30 mm) and presence of mural nodules prompt the tumor to be malignant.In clinical work,the management of pancreatic IPMN should be made prudently based on comprehensive analysis of clinical features and the patient's status and intent.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 243-251, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436105

ABSTRACT

The long-term use of immunosuppressive agents after organ transplantation is associated with many undesirable side effects which may limit the survival of patients and transplanted organs.To patients and transplant surgeons,organ transplantation tolerance is the ultimate goal to improve patient's quality of life.The clinical state of allograft acceptance termed operational tolerance has remained infrequent in clinical transplantation because of the lack of validated assays or biomarkers predictive of tolerance and the concerns about the safety and ethics of complete withdrawal of immunosuppression.Despite these barriers,a number of investigators have continued to conduct well-designed studies with the long-term goal of inducing clinical transplantation tolerance.This review provides an overviewof the currently successful approaches to achieve clinical operational tolerance,including using immunosuppression slow withdrawal in organ transplantation,transplantation tolerance through mixed chimerism and clinical application of T regulatory cells in tolerance.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 150-152, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425849

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of laparoscopic cystogastrostomy for retrogastric pancreatic pseudocysts.Methods Five patients suffering from retrogastric pancreatic pseudocysts caused by severe acute biliary pancreatitis received conservative management for 2 ~ 6 months,and the sizes of pseudocysts were 8,10,12,14,15 cm.All the 5 patients received laparoscopic cystogastrostomy,and 4 ports methods was applied,through anterior gastric wall,the posterior gastric wall and pancreatic pseudocysts were incised by using harmonic scalpel,then cystogastrostomy was performed to drain the pseudocysts.Results Laparoscopic cystogastrostomy for retrogastric pancreatic pseudocysts was successful in all patients,theoperation time was 90,105,115,120,150 minutes.The blood loss was 100,150,150,200,300 ml.No intra-gastric bleeding occurred.After 1 month follow-up,all the pseudocysts disappeared,and there was no acute pancreatitis and local infection recurrence.Gastric leakage occurred 7 d after operation in one patient,and was healed after one month of conservative management.Conclusions Laparoscopic cystogastrostomy through gastric cavity for retrogastric pancreatic pseudocysts is simple and effective,mini-invasive,and it can be an alternative therapeutic method for pancreatic pseudocysts.

16.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 195-199, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425550

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the inhibitory effect of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on proliferation of rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC).MethodsHSC-T6 cells were cultured in vitro,and divided into four groups:control group,transforming growth factor (TGF) β1 group,TGFβ1 + BMP7 group,and TGFβ1 + BMP7 + Noggin group. The mRNA expressions of smad1,α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA),gremlin and fibronectin (FN) were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptasepolymerasechainreaction(RT-PCR).Theproteinexpressionsof phosphorylated-smad1/5/8 (P-smad1/5/8),α-SMA and gremlin were detected by Western blot.The statistical analysis were done using one-factor analysis of variance,LSD-t test,Dunnett's T3 test and Pearson linear correlation analysis.ResultsPhosphorylated-smad1/5/8,α-SMA,gremlin and FN were expressed on HSC-T6 cells in control group,which were significantly up-regulated after TGFβ1 stimulation (P<0.05).The expressions of α-SMA,gremlin and FN were significantly down-regulated in TGFβ1 + BMP7 group compared with TGFβ1group, while P-smad1/5/8 expression was upregulated (1.613±0.031 vs.2.503±0.014; t=34.89,P<0.05).The expressions of α-SMA,gremlin and FN in TGFβ1 + BMP7 + Noggin group were up-regulated than those in TGFβ1 + BMP7 group,while P-smad1/5/8 was down-regulated (t=34.05,P<0.05).There was no difference of total smad1 mRNA expression among each group.ConclusionThese results collectively suggest that BMP7 strongly inhibits the expressions of α-SMA,gremlin and FN.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 880-883, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430144

ABSTRACT

Traditionally,antigen presenting cells were shown to express MHC Ⅱ antigens.However,some researchers have demonstrated that a subset of T lymphocytes could express MHCⅡ antigens in some situation.Its regulatory mechanism and biological effects remains challenging to researchers.This review provides an overview of the results of these MHC Ⅱ + T lymphocytes regarding to the generation,mechanisms,and the role in immune tolerance induction,aim to provide some insights in clinical immune tolerance induction.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 758-761, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427997

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyse the clinical characteristics of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) which coexists with extrapancreatic malignancy (EPM),with an aim to provide strategies for clinical diagnosis and treatment.MethodsThe PubMed was used to search for the pancreatic IPMN related articles with positive pathologic results.A pooled analysis was then performed.The ratio ofpancreatic IPMNs coexisting with EPMs and the locations (or the type) of EPMs were analyzed.ResultsAfter a strict process of screening,18 articles met the pre-determined standardsand were accepted.Of the 1327 patients,363 had coexisting EPMs (27.35%).There were 392 EPMs in these 363 patients.The EPMs occurred in almost all the systems of the body,especially in the digestive tract and its related organs,which accounted for 63.06% of the EPMs. Conclusions There is a tendency for patients with pancreatic IPMN to have coexisting EPM. More than half of these EPMs are malignant tumors in the digestive system. When pancreatic IPMN is diagnosed,the clinician should be aware of the possible coexistence of an EPM and should look for the possibility of a new EPM developing in a patient after treatment of pancreatic IPMN.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 261-263, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418675

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the use of laparoscopic ultrasound to exclude cystic duct obstruction and its related risk factors in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods The data of 28 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our department for cystic duct obstruction from February 2008 to April 2010 were analyzed.Subtotal resection of gallbladder and exclusion of cysticduct were carried out when the gallbladder triangle anatomy was not clear.An abdominal drain was used.Results All the patients were cured and there was no bleeding,abdominal infection,or jaundice.On univariate analysis,risk factors for cystic duct obstruction were adhesions in Calot triangle,gallbladder atrophy,acute cholecystitis,cystic duct stone incarceration,gallbladder wall thickening and white bile.Adhesion in Calot triangle,acute cholecystitis and white bile were independent risk factors on multivariate analysis.Conclusion Excluding cystic duct obstruction by laparoscopic ultrasound for patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cystic duct obstruction is safe and effective.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 587-592, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418245

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the dynamic expressions of kielin/chordin-like protein (kcp) in mouse model of hepatic fibrosis and the effects of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7)intervention on the expressions,and to explore a new target for treatment of fibrosis.Methods A total of 50 healthy male ICR mice were divided into three groups:control group(n=10) ; model group (n=30) and BMP-7 treatment group (n=10).The model group was further divided into three subgroups according to different time points:subgroups of 4,8 and 12 weeks with 10 mice in each subgroup.The mouse model of hepatic fibrosis was established by hypodermic injection of carbon tetrachloride(CCl4 ).The mice in BMP-7 treatment group began to receive human recombmant BMP- 7via intraperitoneal injection after 8 weeks of the first administration of CC14 and lasted for 4 weeks.The serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate transaminase (AST) and albumin (Alb) were detected.The pathological changes of liver were observed under optical microscope after HE and Masson staining.The dynamic expressions of kcp mRNA and protein of each group were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction,immunohistochemistry and Western blot.The comparison of means among groups was done by univariate ANOVA.Results In model group,ALT and AST levels increased,while Alb level gradually decreased,and peaked at week 12.BMP-7treatment could reduce the changes,and there were significant differences among groups (F=23.501,34.600 and 16.244,respectively; all P<0.05).In normal control group,the expressions of kcp mRNA and protein were low,while those in model group were gradually increased.BMP-7 treatment could achieve remission and the changes were all significantly different among groups (F=30.362 and 10.727,respectively; P<0.01 or 0.05).The expression of kcp mRNA was positively correlated with levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 mRNA and BMP-7 mRNA (r=0.760 and 0.769,respectively; both P<0.05).Conclusions BMP 7 can improve the hepatic fibrosis in mice.kcp may play an important role in the occurrence and development of liver fibrosis which is a potential therapeutic target for hepatic fibrosis.

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