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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 875-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013945

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of ethanolic extracts of euonymus alatus on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice by regulating JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Methods Sixty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group,model group,EAL,EAM),EAH,and Silybin(n=10). Except for the control group,mice in other groups were injected with 25% CCl4 of 1.6 mL·kg

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 305-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013857

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether catechin can play against CCl

3.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 50-56, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Coriaria Sinica Maxim's extract(CSME) on microcirculation and oxidative stress of wounds in rats with deep second-degree burn.@*METHODS@#One hundred and eighty rats were randomly divided into normal saline group(NS), white petroleum group(WPL), silver sulfadiazine group (SSD), Coriariasinica Maxim's extract group which were divided into low dose(CSME-L),middle dose(CSME-M) and high dose(CSME-H). After anesthesia with burn instrument to burn the hair removal area of rats, these wounds were confirmed by pathological results with deep second degree burns.And then,those drugs were applied respectively on the wounds,such as NS、WPL、SSD and different concentrations of CSME. After injury at 48 h, 7 d, 14 d and 21 d,the healing rate(HR) of wound was measured, and the microvessel density (MVD), tissue moisture (TM), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), model driven architecture (MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD) and hydroxyproline(HYP) were detected, too. All pathological sections of the wound tissue were observed.@*RESULTS@#The HR of CSME groups were obviously increased with a dose-dependent manner, which was significantly higher than that of NS and WPL (<0.05); On the 21 day, the diameter, number, distribution of the vessels and and the TM were less than other groups with a dose-dependent manner; On the 7 and 14 day after injury, CSME groups were significantly higher than the NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent manner (<0.05), but, on the 21 day after injury, they were lower than NS, WPL and SSD with a dose-dependent (<0.05) manner. The levels of SOD, HYP, NO and ET in CSME groups were higher than those in other groups with dose-dependent on SOD activity, HYP, NO and ET content (<0.05), while MDA activity was weaker than other groups (<0.05). Similarly, pathological findings were also shown that CSME groups were better than other groups with a dose-dependent manner in decrease decreasing of wound repair time and hyperplasia of scar tissue.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CSME can relieve tissue edema, promote wound contraction, speed up the formation of eschar and accelerate the proliferation of granulation tissue, which are beneficial to the wound healing in the early stages. But, it can inhibit the hyperplasia of granulation tissue to prevent the excessive scar hyperplasia of burn wound in the later stages. Its mechanism is related to regulation what microcirculation, oxidativestress, NO and VEGF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Burns , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hydroxyproline , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Microcirculation , Oxidative Stress , Random Allocation , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Wound Healing
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 485-490, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705071

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the inhibitory effect of Euonymus alatus on hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in mice and its mechanism. Methods Eighty C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into eight groups: normal group, CCl4model group, Euonymus alatus(EA) ethanol extracts groups in early stage(EAE), EA ethanol extracts groups in later stage(EAL),two drug groups with low/medium/high dose(EAE-L/M/H, EAL-L/M/H), with 10 mice in each group. Fibrosis model was established by injecting CCl4in peritoneal cavity,and the study lasted for 30 days. Different doses of drugs were given from 1 st day to 15 th day in EAE while from 16 th day to 30 th day in EAL,then all mice were sacrificed to for the observation of the morphological changes and collage-nous fiber by HE and Masson staining. Liver index, ALT,AST and TNF-α were tested by ELISA. The ex-pressions of α-SMA and CollagenⅠwere measured by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Results Compared to normal group, liver index, ALT, AST, TNF-α, α-SMA and CollagenⅠ in EA groups were lower than those in model group in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.01 or P<0.05). Liver morphology and collagenous fiber in EAE and EAL were better than those in model group in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of EAE were superior to that of the EAL in HE, Masson, α-SMA, Collagen Ⅰ indexes(P <0.05). Conclusions Euonymus alatus may inhibit the process of hepatic fibrosis in mice with dose-effect de-pendence, and drug treatment in early stage performs better,which may be related to the decrease of TNF-α that affects the expression of α-SMA and Collagen Ⅰ.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1-8, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701069

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the inhibitory effect of sinapine thiocyanate(ST)on hyperglycemia,hyper-lipemia,atherosclerosis and hepatocellular steatosis of ApoE-/-mice with insulin resistance(IR)and the possible mecha-nisms.METHODS:ApoE-/-male mice(n=60)were assigned randomly into control group ,saline group,rosiglitazone group and ST treatment groups(at low,middle and high doses )with 10 mice in each group.The mice in control group were fed with fundamental diet ,while the mice in other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks.The mice in ST groups were given gavage with different doses of ST(10,30 and 90 mg· kg-1· d-1)simultaneously,while the mice in rosiglitazone group received gavage with rosigltazone(1.33 mg· kg-1 · d-1 ).In the last 3 weeks,the mice in control group received daily intrape-ritoneal injection of physiological saline ,and IR was induced in other groups by daily intrape-ritoneal injection of dexamethasone(0.8 mg/kg).The blood sample was collected and fasting plasma glucose was tested weekly through tail vein.After all animals fasted for 12 h at the end of the 12th week,they were sacrificed and the levels of fasting insulin,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),triglyceride,total cholesterol and liver lipids were measured.The li-ver tissue and aortic immobilized sections were detected by HE staining.The expression of the proteins related to liver lipid metabolism and skeletal muscle MAPK signaling pathway was determined by Western blot.RESULTS:ST showed dose-dependently reduced serum lipids ,plasma glucose and TNF-α(P<0.05),delayed hepatocellular steatosis and atheroscle-rosis,and dose-dependently regulated hepatic lipid metabolism signaling molecules(HMGR and SREBP-2)and MAPK signaling molecules(ERK and p38)(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:ST has the biological potential of reducing blood li-pids and relieving IR.The mechanism may be related to the regulation of liver lipid metabolism and skeletal muscle MAPK signaling pathway.

6.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 1802-1811, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852813

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the synergies mechanism of Coriaria sinica extract (CSE) combined with β-lactam antibiotics on methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Methods: The relevant gene expression, autolytic enzyme, and influence of β-lactamase were determined by AFFX prokaryotic expression microarray, Western-blotting, SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis, etc. Results: MRSA was resistant to the most antibiotics, and it had significant synergistic antibacterial effect while CSE was combined with β-lactam antibiotics (P < 0.05). The CSE can significantly reduce the total expression of RNA and regulate the expression of many genes with showing a dose-dependence when used alone or combined with ampicillin (AP), such as the basal metabolism genes, peptidoglycan hydrolase gene (lytM), transporter gene, PBPs, β-lactamase activity, etc. (P < 0.05). It can significantly improve the concentration of cefotaxime (CFX) in internal of MRSA (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The CSE has significant inhibitory effects on MRSA, and it has significant synergistic effects when combined with β-lactam antibiotic on MRSA. The mechanism is associated with many factors of MRSA, such as regulation of expression and transcription on target genes (ribA, PBPs, lytM, etc.), the influence of active efflux, autolysis and metabolism, etc.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 621-624, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Acanthopanax senticosus injection (ASI) on the activities of human tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and natural killer cell (NKC) in the patients with lung cancer and the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>73 cases with lung cancer were randomly divided into two groups, namely, the treatment group (n = 39) and observation group (n = 34); 61 cases with or without other diseases were respectively divided into control A (n = 30) and B (n = 31) groups. The patients in treatment group were injected with ASI for 21 days. The activities of human TNF and NKC and the levels of IgG, IgA and IgM were detected respectively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After injection with ASI the activity of TNF-alpha in treatment group was comparable with that in the two control groups and was significant lower that that in observation group. The activity of TNF-beta and the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM were significantly higher than those in observation group and two control groups (P < 0.01). The activity of NKC was also remarkably higher than observation and two control groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ASI can regulate the cellular immunity and factor, indicating that ASI can be used as an assistant drug to regulate the function of cellular immunity in the patients with lung cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Immunity, Cellular , Immunoglobulin Isotypes , Blood , Infusions, Intravenous , Killer Cells, Natural , Lung Neoplasms , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Lymphotoxin-alpha , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 216-219, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320209

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of Modified Banxia Houpu Decoction (MBHD) in treating heroin abusers with protracted abstinence syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty-seven heroin abusers were randomly divided into three groups, the 58 patients in the control group, 62 in the treated group A and 67 in the treated group B. All were detoxified with lofexidine hydrochloride (LFX) tablet for 12 days. MBHD was given to the two treated groups, the medication started from the beginning of detoxification in the group B, and from the end of detoxification in group A for 60 days. To the control group, an imitate preparation was given. The observation was carried out 10 days after withdrawal of medication, and the protracted abstinence related symptoms were observed and scored. And the condition of re-abusing in patients were investigated through urinary examination one year later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The heroin abusers' protracted abstinence symptom score in the treated group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.01), and comparison of the scores between the two treated groups also showed significant difference (A < B, P < 0.01). The 1-year re-abusing rate in treated group B was significantly lower than that in the control group and in the treated group A (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MBHD could improve the heroin abusers' protracted abstinence symptoms after detoxification. In spite of the complexity of various factors, to effectively control the early stage abstinence symptoms and median stage protracted abstinence symptoms is one of the effective measures to prevent drug re-abusing.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Clonidine , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Heroin Dependence , Drug Therapy , Narcotic Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome , Drug Therapy
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