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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupoint application (AP) of Guan Xin Su He Pill (, GXSHP) for patients with chronic stable angina pectoris (CSAP).@*METHODS@#This study was carried out in 3 local hospitals in Chengdu, China. After baseline evaluation, eligible patients were randomly assigned to the placebo application for acupoints (PAA) group or the herbal application for acupoints (HAA) group. Patients in the HAA group underwent AP with herbal powder, which was mainly GXSHP, and patients in the PAA group underwent AP with sham drugs. For each treatment session, unilateral acupoints including Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (RN 17), Xinshu (BL 15) and Jueyinshu (BL 14), were stimulated for both groups. AP was performed 3 times a week with a 2-day interval for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the frequency of angina pectoris attacks per week, while the secondary outcomes included angina pain intensity measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), dose of rescue oral drugs (nitroglycerin), scores on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale scores (SDS). Clinical outcomes were measured at week 0, 4 and 8. The safety of AP of GXSHP treatment for CSAP were assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 121 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable across the 2 groups. After treatment, the angina attack numbers in the HAA group were significantly reduced from 11.00 to 4.81 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the angina frequency was not significantly improved (baseline 10.55; post-treatment 11.05). The HAA group had significantly fewer angina attacks than the PAA group (P<0.05). Pain intensity measured by VAS in HAA group was significantly reduced from 4.06 to 3.02 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the VAS was significantly increased (baseline 3.62; post-treatment 3.96; P<0.05). Clinical outcomes showed better improvement after treatment in the HAA group than in the PAA group in terms of oral administration of rescue drugs, SAS, SDS and SAQ scores (P<0.05). The adverse events were also reported.@*CONCLUSION@#AP of GXSHP is a safe and effective treatment for CSAP patients (Registration No. NCT02029118).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Angina, Stable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2032-2037, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904670

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To report our precaution practices for ocular surgeries under local anesthesia during COVID-19 outbreak and evaluate the respiration situation among the patients with medical face masks under ocular surgeries.<p>METHODS:Sixty Chinese patients needed eye surgery treatment were recruited and given medical face masks as one of the COVID-19 precaution practices during eye surgery with local anesthesia. Oxygen supplementation and negative pressure drainage were applied to relieve the potential respiratory discomfort, and the respiratory comfort score was evaluated.<p>RESULTS:Patients with medical face masks experienced mild to moderate respiratory discomfort with an overall mean score of 2.34±0.73. Supplementation of oxygen together with negative pressure drainage relieved this discomfort(overall mean score of 0.15±0.75; <i>P</i><0.001). There is no gender and operation time difference on respiratory discomfort or discomfort relieve. Failure in negative pressure drainage led to severe respiratory discomfort.<p>CONCLUSION:Negative pressure drainage could maintain the respiratory circulation in patients with medical face mask under eye surgery with local anesthesia. Application of medical face masks in patients under surgeries is recommended to protect the medical practitioners during the operations within COVID-19 outbreak.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis (CS) is a chronic pain condition, with an increasingly high incidence in the general population. Electroacupuncture is a common analgesic modality that has been widely applied in neck pain treatment. However, current electroacupuncture instruments used in the clinic have low intelligence levels and obscure parameter standards. We here designed this study for assessing the effect and safety of a new, intelligent electroacupuncture instrument, the CX-DZ-II, in treating neck pain.@*METHODS@#The present study is a prospective, two-center, randomized, controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial for CX-DZ-II on treating neck pain caused by CS. Totally 160 eligible patients will be included in this trial and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group in a 1:1 ratio. A semi-standard acupoint selection strategy will be employed. In the experimental group, selected acupoints will be stimulated by CX-DZ-II. Electroacupuncture treatment will be accomplished by a pre-existing electroacupuncture instrument in the control group. The duration of treatment will be 2 weeks. The primary outcome is the change of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score after one course of treatment. The secondary outcomes include the VAS scores after each treatment, the responder rate, drug-usage rate of non-steroidal antipyretic analgesics, the rate of adverse events occurrence, and the performance of instrument.@*DISCUSSION@#This study will evaluate the effect and safety of the CX-DZ-II intelligent electroacupuncture therapeutic instrument in comparison with a pre-existing non-intelligent instrument in the treatment of neck pain caused by CS. The results will hopefully demonstrate a more optimal electroacupuncture instrument for the treatment of neck pain. (Trial registration No. gov NCT03005301).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Equivalence Trials as Topic , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Neck Pain , Therapeutics , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Spondylosis , Therapeutics , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of early treatment of suspension moxibustion for Bell's palsy and its influence on the prognosis, and to explore whether the early treatment of suspension moxibustion has non-inferiority effect to hormone treatment and whether suspension moxibustion combined with hormone treatment has the synergistic effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 132 patients with acute-stage Bell's palsy were divided into a hormone group (94 cases) and a moxibustion group (38 cases) by non-random method, and the hormone group was further randomly divided into a hormone with moxibustion group (48 cases) and a hormone without moxibustion group (46 cases). The acupuncture and oral administration of mecobalamin capsule were used as basic treatment. Acupuncture was applied at Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Yifeng (TE 17), etc., with the needles retained for 30 min, once a day, 5 consecutive days per week; there was an interval of 2 days between two weeks, and a total of 4-week treatment was given. The oral administration of mecobalamin capsule was given 0.5 mg each time, 3 times a day for 4 weeks. The patients in the moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with the suspension moxibustion at Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Dicang (ST 4), Jiache (ST 6), Wangu (GB 12), Yifeng (TE 17) of affected side, 5 min per acupoint, once a day, 5 consecutive days per week; there was an interval of 2 days between two weeks, and a total of 4-week treatment was given. The patients in the hormone without moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with prednisone acetate tablets. The patients in the hormone with moxibustion group, on the basis of basic treatment, were treated with suspension moxibustion and prednisone acetate tablets. All the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The House-Brcackmann facial nerve grading (H-B) global score and facial disability index (FDI) scale were used to evaluate the curative effect in the three groups before treatment, 2 weeks and 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment; the efficacy was compared among the three groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the H-B grading and FDI scores were significantly improved 2 weeks and 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment (0.05); the H-B grading and FDI scores in the hormone with moxibustion group were superior to those in the moxibustion group and the hormone without moxibustion group 4 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks after treatment (0.05). At the end of follow-up, the cured rate in the hormone with moxibustion group was 81.3% (39/48), which was superior to 68.4% (26/38) in the moxibustion group and 60.9% (28/46) in the hormone without moxibustion group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The three treatment methods are all safe and effective for acute-stage Bell's palsy. The suspension moxibustion combined with hormone therapy are superior to suspension moxibustion or hormone therapy alone. Early treatment of suspension moxibustion is safe and effective for Bell's palsy, and has obvious synergistic effect with hormone. For the patients who cannot use hormone, suspension moxibustion could replace hormone, which is non-inferior to hormone.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776267

ABSTRACT

In clinical practice, professor integrates the guiding- acupuncture technique of slow insertion and withdrawal of the needle with the thought of needling sensation reaching the affected site. These two theories were recorded in (Chapter 34 of ). Professor proposes that in acupuncture, both acupuncture physician and patient should be in a tranquilizing state. Firstly, the needle is inserted slowly so as to conduct the reversed turbid in back to . After arrival of , with the compound manipulation for promoting , is guided to the affected site. When the treatment ends, the needle is removed slowly to guide the reversed clear in back to and to guide of nutrient and defensive systems back to the original layers. Such acupuncture technique is applicable for various disorders induced by the impairment of activity. In clinical practice, it is adopted for the disorders of heart, lung, stomach, intestines, emotions and nervous system, as well as the obstruction disorders of meridians. The -spring and -stream points of the affected meridians are selected as the main acupoints in prescription. According the theory of four seas and street, the corresponding the front-, back- and -sea points are combined. In acupuncture, the needle is inserted and withdrawn slowly. After arrival of , the needle is manipulated to guide to the pathogenic locations.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Qi
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 513-517, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate new bone formation and preliminary clinical outcomes following maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss alone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine patients were treated with ten maxillary sinus floor augmentations using Bio-Oss alone, and eighteen Straumann implants were placed. After five to eleven-month healing period at implant placement, cylindrical specimens were biopsied from the augmented area. The new bone formation of specimens was analyzed by histology and micro-computed tomography. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed for measurements of residual crestal bone height under the sinus, the amount of increased height immediate after the augmentation and before implant insertion. To monitor stability changes, resonance frequency analysis was performed and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were collected at implant placements (baseline,0 month), one month, three months and six months after placements.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All implants were loaded six months after insertion and no failures were recorded. Compared to adjacent native bone, no significant differences of bone volume fraction were found in augmented area (P > 0.05), together with lower trabecular number (P < 0.05) and trabecular thickness (P < 0.01) as well as higher trabecular separation (P < 0.01) by microradiographic analysis.Histomorphometrically, there was no significant difference in the amount of new bone formation between the adjacent native bone and augmented area (P > 0.05). CBCT showed a bone height gain of (14.19 ± 2.02) mm immediate after augmentation, which stabilized at (13.68 ± 1.95) mm after bone healing period. Mean ISQ value was 71.94 ± 6.51 at baseline, decreased to 70.19 ± 6.38 at 1 month, and increased to 78.17 ± 3.83 at 3 month and 82.56 ± 3.20 at 6 month.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The use of Bio-Oss as the sole graft is reliable and can lead to satisfactory bone formation and clinical outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Therapeutic Uses , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Female , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Middle Aged , Minerals , Therapeutic Uses , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Methods , X-Ray Microtomography
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348049

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the jaw bone stress variation affected by cylinder implant diameter and length simultaneously in Ansys DesignXplorer module.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Finite element model of segment mandible with a cylinder implant was created. The range of the implant diameter (D) and length (L) were set from 2.5 mm to 5.0 mm and from 6.0 mm to 16.0 mm respectively. The maximum Von Mises stresses in jaw bone and sensitivity to D and L were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under axial (buccolingual) load, when one variable equaled to median, the amplification of maximum Von Mises stresses in cortical bone and cancellous bone were 44.66% (71.32%) and 51.45% (58.50%) respectively with the D increasing. The amplification of maximum Von Mises stresses in cortical bone and cancellous bone were 45.97% (21.66%) and 52.15% (37.75%) respectively with the L increasing. When D exceeded 3.7 mm and L exceeded 10.0 mm, the response curve curvatures of maximum Von Mises stresses to L and D in jaw bone ranged from -1 to 0. And the variation of the maximum Von Mises stresses in jaw bone was more sensitive to D than to L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stresses in jaw bone under buccolingual and axial load are apt to be affected by implant diameter and length respectively. And to a cylinder implant, the diameter exceeds 3.7 mm and length exceeds 10.0 mm are optimal selections. Diameter should pay more attention to than to length for cylinder implant. Expanding the width of the jaw bone is more important than expanding the height of the jaw bone in clinical experience.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Mandible , Stress, Mechanical
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 618-621, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359677

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze effects of different thread helix angles and densities on the primary stability of immediately loaded implants using the three-dimensional finite element model analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five models of three-dimensional finite element (0.8 mm, 1.6 mm, 2.4 mm, double-threaded, and triple-threaded) were created using the commercial codes of Pro/E software, Hypermesh software, and ABAQUS software. In conditions of horizontal and vertical loading, the micro-motion of the finite element models with different thread helix angles and densities were computed with ABAQUS software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Concerning different thread helix angles, the micro-motion of single-threaded implant was the minimum and that of the triple-threaded was the maximum with vertical and horizontal loading. The micro-motion of doubled-threaded implant was the minimum compared with thread pitch 1.6 mm and the micro-motion of triple-threaded implant was the minimum compared with thread pitch 2.4 mm with vertical and horizontal loading.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The thread helix angle and density of implants can greatly affect the vertical interfacial micro-motion. With increasing thread pitchs, the resistance of implant to vertical load is weakened; with increasing thread helix angle, the resistance of implant to vertical load is weakened; with increasing thread density, the resistance of implant to the vertical load is weakened.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Denture Retention , Finite Element Analysis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249784

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the optimal thread pitch for an experimental cylinder implant in Ansys Work-bench Design Xplorer environment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Finite element models of segment jaw bone with a V-shaped thread implant were created. The thread pitch (P) was set from 0.5 mm to 1.6 mm. The maximum Equivalent stresses (EQV stresses) in jaw bone and in implant were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under axial load, the amplification of maximum EQV stresses in cortical bone, cancellous bone and implant were 7.1%, 123.4% and 28.7% respectively. Under bucco-lingual load, the amplification of maximum EQV stresses in cortical bone, cancellous bone and implant were 2.8%, 28.8% and 14.9% respectively. When P exceeded 0.8 mm, the response curve curvature of maximum EQV stresses in jaw bone and in implant to P was ranged from -1 to 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Stresses in cancellous bone are more sensitive to thread pitch than in cortical bone. Stresses in jaw bone under axial load are easier affected by thread pitch than under bucco-lingual load. Thread pitch plays a greater role in protecting dental implant under axial load than under bucco-lingual load. Thread pitch exceed 0.8 mm should be the optimal design in a cylinder implant, but oversized pitch should be avoided too.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Computer Simulation , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Finite Element Analysis , Mandible , Stress, Mechanical
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288996

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influences of bicortical anchorage on values of natural frequencies of dental implants utilizing the 3-dimensional finite element analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the commercial code of Solidworks, 3-D models of a screw-shaped dental implant and a mandibular bone segment were generated. After the 3-D implant-bone complex was meshed by ABAQUS software, effects of bicortical anchorage on the buccolingual and axial first-order natural frequencies of the implant were computed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bicortical anchorage increased both the buccolingual and axial natural frequencies remarkably. As the bicortical anchorage got deeper, the frequencies correspondingly got higher.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bicortical anchorage can increase the buccolingual and axial primary stability of dental implants.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Stress Analysis , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Mandible
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess therapeutic effect of acupuncture at Jiaji (EX-B 2) on hyperosteogeny of lumbar vertebrae.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two cases were treated with Huatuo jiaji (EX-B 2) of L2 approximately L5 as main acupoints, and their clinical therapeutic effects were assessed with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ODI was 0.562 +/- 0.199 before treatment and 0.123 +/- 0.196 after treatment with a significant difference before and after treatment (P<0.01), and the effective rate was 94.4%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Jiaji (EX-B 2) can improve functional activity for the patient of hyperosteogeny of lumbar vertebrae.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 671-674, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate if a recombinant adenoviral vector carrying antisense matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) gene would inhibit the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using the recombinant adenoviral vector carrying antisense MMP2 gene (Ad-MMP2AS) which was constructed by us previously, to infect the human HCC cell line (Bel-7402). Then the invasiveness of the Bel-7402 cells was assayed in Matrigel, and the production of MMP2 in the Bel-7402 cells was detected with Western blotting analysis and Gelatin zymography. Then the Ad-MMP2AS-infected cells were subcutaneously inoculated in nude mice. After tumors developed, Ad-MMP2AS was injected intratumorally into pre-existing tumors. The tumors were removed, sectioned, and stained with H E.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with PBS or Ad-CMV-infected cells, the infected Bel-7402 cells with Ad-MMP2AS injections significantly reduced their MMP2 enzyme activity and invasiveness about 52.05% in Matrigel assays, and the tumor volumes in nude mice resulted in a 3.3-fold reduction. In addition, direct intratumoral injection of Ad-MMP2AS into pre-existing tumors significantly prevented further expansion of the tumor masses and resulted in a 63.06% reduction in tumor cell growth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The recombinant adenovirus with antisense MMP2 can effectively inhibit the invasiveness and growth of Bel-7402 cells in vitro and in vivo, and it has a therapeutic potential for HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental , Pathology , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Tumor Cells, Cultured
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 267-270, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To construct a recombinant adenoviral vector carrying antisense matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and to study its inhibitory effects on the invasiveness and migratory capacity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line HepG2 in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNA was extracted from HCC. Then a 500 bp fragment at the 5' end of the human MMP2 cDNA sequence was synthesized by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and was reversely inserted into the multiclone site (MCS) of the shuttle plasmid pAdTrack-CMV. With the resultant plasmid and the backbone plasmid pAdEasy-1, the homologous recombination took place in the E.coli BJ5183 and the recombinant adenoviral plasmid carrying the antisense MMP2 gene was constructed. The adenovirus (Ad-MMP2AS) was packaged and amplified in the HEK 293 cells and the viral titer was checked by GFP. Using the Boyden chamber model, the influence of Ad-MMP2AS on the invasion ability of HepG2 cells was determined in vitro.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant adenovirus vector carrying antisense MMP2 was constructed successfully and a strong green fluorescence was observed in HepG2 cells under a fluorescence microscope. The viral titer was 1 x 10(8); Ad-MMP2AS can effectively inhibit the penetrating capacity of HepG2 cells through Matrigel in vitro.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The recombinant adenovirus with antisense MMP2 can effectively inhibit the invasiveness and migratory capacity of HepG2 in vitro and may have potential in treating HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Pharmacology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Genetics , Pharmacology , RNA, Antisense , Genetics , Pharmacology , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 254-256, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253731

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study effects of the modified sandblasted surface of titanium implants, developed by authors, on the bone healing process.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Osteoblasts were derived from the 5th passage of human fetal osteoblasts after primary isolation. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities and protein contents of cellular layers, and osteocalcin contents in culturing medium were employed as criteria to evaluate osteogenic functions and differentiation of osteoblasts. The ALP activity was assayed utilizing the kinetic method, the protein content utilizing the Coomassie's method, and the osteocalcin content utilizing the radioimmune assay (RIA) method. Values of all criteria were divided by the corresponding cell numbers of different groups at a respective time point for the purpose of standardization. Samples were assigned to three groups-the modified sandblasted surface group, the smooth surface group and the blank control group, The culture was ended at, 4 days and 13 days.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 4 days of culture, the modified sandblasted surface group showed a superiority to the smooth group with respects to the ALP activity [(17.390 +/- 1.595) nmol PNP x min(-1) x 10(-6) cells vs. (10.978 +/- 1.879) nmol PNP x min(-1) x 10(-6) cells] and protein content [(152.7 +/- 16.3) micro g/10(6) cells vs. (58.0 +/- 5.9) micro g/10(6) cells] of cellular layers and the osteocalcincontent [(43.0 +/- 6.1) ng/10(6) cells vs. (24.9 +/- 6.0) ng/10(6) cells] in culturing medium. Till the 13th day of culture, no differences were detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It is cytologically proved that the modified sandblasted surface can accelerate the bone healing process of implants though the improvement of osteoblastic functions and differentiation.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Cells, Cultured , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Fetus , Humans , Osteoblasts , Physiology , Surface Properties , Titanium
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