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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3408-3420, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999085

ABSTRACT

In this study, the mechanism of Xiaoyan Lidan formula (XYLDF) against 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydro-2,4,6-collidine (DDC)-induced chronic intrahepatic cholestasis (CIHC) in mice was investigated based on metabolomics, molecular docking and pharmacological methods. In the pharmacodynamics study, a dosage of 5 g·kg-1 (clinical equivalent) XYLDF was administered in DDC-induced mice, then the effect of XYLDF against CIHC was evaluated by measuring the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) as well as total bilirubin (TBIL) in serum and observing liver histopathological changes. All experiments were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (ZYD-2021-001). The serum metabolites of mice in each group were detected and identified based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry, and the relevant biological pathways and molecular key targets were further enriched. Molecular docking technology was used to further evaluate the binding activity of the main active ingredients of XYLDF with potential targets. Subsequently, the in vitro experiment was conducted for the validation of the vital target. The results showed that compared with the model group, XYLDF significantly decreased the levels of ALT, AST, AKP and TBIL in the serum of CIHC mice, as well as alleviated inflammatory infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis in liver tissue. According to the metabonomic study, a total of 35 differential metabolites was identified as biomarkers associated with cholestasis, 12 of which were significantly recovered by XYLDF treatment. These biomarkers were involved in the pathways of primary bile acid biosynthesis and linoleic metabolism, which are closely related to the mechanism of XYLDF against CIHC. Protein-protein interaction network indicated that cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) are significant potential targets with good binding properties with six major active ingredients of XYLDF. Furthermore, it was found that 4-methoxy-5-hydroxycanthin-6-one, dehydroandrographolide and isodocarpin, three of the main active components in XYLDF, markedly induced the expression of CYP3A4 mRNA in vitro. This study revealed that XYLDF mainly mediates the biosynthesis of bile acids in CIHC mice to improve liver tissue lesions and bile efflux disorders, among which, CYP3A4 is the key target in the protection of XYLDF against CIHC. This research provides a reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological mechanism of XYLDF.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 27-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940583

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo provide references for the selection of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens on the research of famous classical formulas and the reasonable uses for medicines and foods through herbal textural research and quality analysis of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens from main producing areas in China. MethodBy consulting the ancient and modern literature, the name, origin, producing areas, harvest time, processing methods of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens were summarized. According to the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the contents of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 10-gingerol, and volatile oil in Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens samples were determined. ResultHerbal textural research indicated that medicinal Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens originated from the fresh rhizome of Zingiber officinale. Before Tang dynasty, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens produced in Sichuan was the best. In the Song dynasty, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens produced in Sichuan, Zhejiang, and Anhui was of excellent quality. The cultivation of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens in Shandong developed during the Ming and Qing dynasties. From ancient times to the present, the harvest period extended from the autumnal equinox to the winter solstice. Quality evaluation standards of Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens were essentially the same in ancient and present documents, as those with little gluten or gluten-free and strong pungency were preferred. After determination, the contents of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol in 44 samples were qualified in 27 samples, with a qualified rate of 61.4%. Among them, 17 samples were unqualified in the total contents of 8-gingerol and 10-gingerol. Among these qualified samples, the content of 6-gingerol ranged from 0.067% to 0.255%, and the total contents of 8-gingerol and 10-gingerol ranged from 0.040% to 0.131%. The content of volatile oil in 36 samples were qualified in 33 samples, with a qualified rate of 91.7%. Among the qualified samples, the content of volatile oil ranged from 0.175% to 0.410%. ConclusionZingiberis Rhizoma Recens has been used as medicines and foods since ancient times, and the genuine producing areas are consistent in ancient and present times, while the quality of the products, especially the medicinal Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, should be monitored. Medicinal Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens planted in Leshan city of Sichuan province contains high contents of effective components, followed by Qujing and Wenshan cities of Yunnan province. Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens planted in Shandong and other places is mostly edible.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 212-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940307

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the key technical problems in the research and development of famous classical formulas are analyzed. Firstly, the puzzled problem for a long-time, which is conversion relationship from medicinal metrology of Han dynasty (HD) to that of modern (gram,g), is comprehensively expounded that one Liang (两) of HD=3 g is more appropriate. Secondly, the model and principles of quality consistency evaluation are given for the transformation from the quality of authoritative basic sample prepared by casserole (ABS-C) to the quality consistency in Laboratory process, pilot-scale process and industrial production. The consistency evaluation model is ξABS-X=K1(Q1ABS-X/Q1ABS-C)+K2(Q2ABS-X/Q2ABS-C)+……+Ki(QiABS-X/QiABS-C)=∑Ki(QiABS-X/QiABS-C)(i=1,2,3……n). In the formula, ABS-X means laboratory reference sample ABS-C (ABS-L), pilot-scale ABS-C (ABS-mP) or industrial production ABS-C (ABS-P), ξABS-X means the quality consistency rate or similarity degree of ABS-L, ABS-mP and ABS-P processes with ABS-C, Ki means the weight of each quality evaluation index (i), QiABS-X is the data of i in ABS-L, ABS-mP, ABS-P samples, and QiABS-C is the data (or mean) of i in ABS-C sample. Thirdly, in order to control the quality of the herbal medicines whose active ingredients were unknown, their chemical constituents should be studied deeply, and if necessary, the bioassay research should be carried out according to the main efficacy or indication of famous classical formulas. Finally, for the special processing of some herbal medicines, it is difficult to formulate the processing method, technology and standard of prepared slices. It is suggested that the scientific connotation and historical evolution of the special processing method should be thoroughly sorted out, and its technological characteristics are summarized, the modern processing technology and production processes are simulated, and then the corresponding processing methods and quality standards are formulated.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5976-5981, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878859

ABSTRACT

In response to no national standard for Gynostemma pentaphyllum, a market survey was carried out, and 17 batches of gypenosides extract and 29 batches of Gypenosides Tablets on the market were collected. With gypenoside A as an index, the TLC qualitative identification and HPLC quantitative evaluation method of gypenosides extract and tablets was established. Based on the determination results of 17 batches of gypenosides extract and 29 batches of Gypenosides Tablets, the quality standards of gypenosides extract and tablets were formulated respectively, so as to give suggestions for improving the quality standards of gypenosides extract and tablets. Compared with the existing ministerial standards, the qualitative identification and quantitative detection of specific components were added, in order to provide scientific basis and suggestions for the revision of the quality standard of gypenosides extract and tablet preparation.


Subject(s)
Gynostemma , Plant Extracts , Reference Standards , Tablets
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2059-2064, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773128

ABSTRACT

To construct a quality management model for the whole industry chain of compound Danshen Tablets,and quality control system for all key links in the production of compound Danshen Tablets. In this paper,with salvianolic acid B as internal reference substance,three batches of mix standards were prepared,and three sets of relative correlation factors between salvianolic acid B and other phenolic acids were calculated in parallel. Finally,the correlation factors are obtained on average. The quality transfer process was studied by optimizing the concentration of Salvia miltiorrhiza extract. The results showed that RSD among three sets of relative correlation factors ranged between 1. 7%-4. 1%,with no significant difference between the quantitative result of two methods. In addition,the quality transfer study showed that with the rise of the concentration temperature,the content of phenolic acid components changed,which had a significant effect on the salvianolic acid B at more than 80 ℃. It was suggested to rationally control the concentration temperature during the industrial production. The results of this study provide a methodology for the establishment of the quality control system for the whole industry chain of compound Danshen Tablets,and quality control methods for the improvement of the quality of medicinal materials and finished medicine products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Quality Control , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Tablets
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2857-2862, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687374

ABSTRACT

To determine the contents of salvianolic acid B and borneol in compound Danshen tablet (composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizome, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizome and Borneolum Syntheticum) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) and to establish a dependency model for rapid quantitative analysis. NIR data of 74 batches of compound Danshen tablet from different companies were collected; the contents of salvianolic acid B and borneol were determined by using high performanceliquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC) respectively to establish the dependency model for salvianolic acid B and borneol. The results showed that the best waveband for salvianolic acid B was 10 846.2-10 013, 9 195.3-8 362.2, 6 719.1-4 242.8 cm⁻¹; root-mean-squares error of cross-validation (RMSECV), coefficient of determination ² and regression point displacement (RPD) of salvianolic acid B were 1.72 mg·g⁻¹, 91.05% and 7.93 mg·g⁻¹, respectively. While the best wavebands, RMSECV, ² and RPD of borneol were 10 846.2-5 060.5 cm⁻¹, 1.2 mg·g⁻¹, 96.11% and 6.71 mg·g⁻¹,respectively. The relative error of the established model as validation results for validation set samples was 2.67% and 4.64%, respectively.With the good predictability, the models can be applied to the real time monitoring and quality control of compound Danshen tablet.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 502-510, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771709

ABSTRACT

To investigate the differences of chemical compositions in Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves prepared by different processing methods. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to compare the chemical compositions between shade-dried processing and drum-dried processing. Forty six gypenosides were identified by control comparison, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MSn) fragmentation information, and literature data. The mass spectral peak area statistics was combined with principal component analysis(PCA), and the results showed that eight batches of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves samples were divided into two groups according to the two different processing methods; ten chemical compositions with significant differences were screened according to mass spectrum information combined with partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The result showed that most parent nucleus of the gypenosides contained three to four glycosides in drum-dried samples, and one to two glycosides in the shade-dried samples. It was inferred from further MS analysis that desugarization of gypenosides was present to produce secondary glycosides with the effect of glucosidase in the shade-drying, thus resulting in difference in compositions. This study provided data support for harvesting, processing and quality control of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gynostemma , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1819-1824, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256089

ABSTRACT

As an outstanding representative of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) prescriptions accumulated from famous TCM doctors' clinical experiences in past dynasties, classical TCM excellent prescriptions (cTCMeP) are the most valuable part of TCM system. To support the research and development of cTCMeP, a series of regulations and measures were issued to encourage its simplified registration. There is still a long-way to go because many key problems and puzzles about technology, registration and administration in cTCMeP R&D process are not resolved. Based on the analysis of registration and management regulations of botanical drug products in FDA of USA and Japan, and EMA of Europe, the possible key problems and countermeasures in chemistry, manufacture and control (CMC) of simplified registration of cTCMeP were analyzed on the consideration of its actual situation. The method of "reference decoction extract by traditional prescription" (RDETP) was firstly proposed as standard to evaluate the quality and preparation uniformity between the new developing product under simplified registration and traditional original usages of cTCMeP, instead of Standard Decoction method in Japan. "Totality of the evidence" approach, mass balance and bioassay/biological assay of cTCMeP were emphatically suggested to introduce to the quality uniformity evaluation system in the raw drug material, drug substance and final product between the modern product and traditional decoction.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1331-1337, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350181

ABSTRACT

To optimize the purification process of gynostemma pentaphyllum saponins (GPS) based on "adjoint marker" online control technology with GPS as the testing index. UPLC-QTOF-MS technology was used for qualitative analysis. "Adjoint marker" online control results showed that the end point of load sample was that the UV absorbance of effluent liquid was equal to half of that of load sample solution, and the absorbance was basically stable when the end point was stable. In UPLC-QTOF-MS qualitative analysis, 16 saponins were identified from GPS, including 13 known gynostemma saponins and 3 new saponins. This optimized method was proved to be simple, scientific, reasonable, easy for online determination, real-time record, and can be better applied to the mass production and automation of production. The results of qualitative analysis indicated that the "adjoint marker" online control technology can well retain main efficacy components of medicinal materials, and provide analysis tools for the process control and quality traceability.

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