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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802519

ABSTRACT

Objective: Intestinal absorption liquid as medicine carriers, one or more kinds of traditional Chinese medicine protecting cardiac injury in Naoxintong capsule will be found through separation and combination of prescription. This study also can expand protecting mechanisms of Naoxintong capsule. Method: Naoxintong intestinal absorption liquids of single, combination and total prescription were prepared. H9c2 cell line exposed to H2O2 was established. Cell survival rate was determined with methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT). Cell apoptosis rate was examined by Annexin Ⅴ-FITC/PI staining with a flow cytometer. Aquaporin1(AQP1) expression was detected by Western blot. One or more kinds of traditional Chinese medicine in Naoxintong capsule which exerted protective effect from cardiac injury were screened through separation and combination of prescription. Result: As compared with control group, the protein expression level of AQP1 was significantly increased(PPPPPPConclusion: Naoxintong capsule acts as a protective role in myocardial injury through decreasing AQP1 expression and inhibiting cell apoptosis. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Pheretima, Scorpio are important components in Naoxintong capsule.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analysis and identify the chemical components in Trichosanthis Fructus by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS. Method: Samples of Trichosanthis Fructus were extracted by ultrasonic with 70% methanol after smashing and sifting by 40 mesh sieve. Thermo ScientificTM DionexTM UltiMateTM 3000 Rapid Separation LC system performed UPLC separations with Waters HSS T3-C18(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm) column. The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid water(A)-methanol(B) with a gradient elution. The volume flow was 0.3 mL ·min-1. A Thermo ScientificTM LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer equipped with a ESI probe was employed. The samples were respectively scanned in MS1 and MS2 mode of positive and negative ions. According to the chromatographic peak separation,mass signal intensity,and the number of molecular ions in MS1 model,the extraction condition,chromatogram and mass spectrum parameters were optimized. The chemical compounds were identified by the accurate mass measurement of molecular ions and fragment ion and comparation with reference substance. Result: 91 chemical compositions in Trichosanthis Fructus were totally identified,including 14 amino acids,5 monoterpenoids,5 tetracyclic triterpenoids,1 pentacyclic triterpene,14 flavonoids, 17 organic acids,3 polysaccharides,7 nucleotides,7 alkaloids and nitrogen compounds,2 volatile components,1 phytosterol,5 other compositions. Conclusion: The established UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS method can be used to quickly analyze and identify the main chemical constituents of Trichosanthis Fructus. The chemical information concerning the constituents in Trichosanthis Fructus could be helpful to the quality control and further studies of Trichosanthis Fructus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687292

ABSTRACT

By using the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system (TCMISS) in this study, the prescription rules of Baizhi formulae were analyzed and the core herbal pair "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" was obtained. Through the systemic analysis of prescription rules of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" and combined with the pharmacology thinking of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" in treating headache, the paper was aimed to find out the combination rules containing Baizhi andits molecular mechanisms for treating headaches, and provide the theory basis for further research and reference of Baizhi and its formula. Totally 3 887 prescriptions were included in this study, involving 2 534 Chinese herbs. With a support degree of 20% in analysis, 16 most commonly used drug combinations were screened, which were mainly used to treat 15 types of diseases. Baizhi was often used to treat headache, and the core combination "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" was also often used to treat, consistent with ancient record. A chemical database was established; then the headache and migraine disease targets were retrieved and added in the database to build up the "compounds-targets-pathways "core network of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" by the internet-based computation platform for IP of TCM (TCM-IP). TCM-IP was then applied to study the molecular mechanism of "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" treatment of headache. The results suggested that37 chemical compounds in the core combination "Baizhi-Chuanxiong" were closely related with headache treatment by adjusting serotonin levels or applying to inflammation-related targets and energy metabolism pathways such as purine metabolism, pyruvate metabolism, fatty acid degradation, carbon metabolism and gluconeogenesis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687290

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicine prescription Yueju Wan has the function of regulating qi-flowing for activating stagnancy and resolving food stagnation, which is now used for the treatment of depression and gastrointestinal related diseases. In this study, an integrative pharmacological method was adopted to predict the targets and pathways of Yueju Wan and explore its molecular mechanism for depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction with the same treatment. First, disease targets were collected from Human Phenotype Ontology database, 201 targets related to depression and 474 targets related to gastrointestinal dysfunction, including 95 common targets of these two. Then, the integrative pharmacology platform of traditional Chinese medicine (TCMIP) was used to predict and analyze the drug targets, GO function, KEGG pathway, core targets network of Yueju Wan and heterogeneous network of TCM-chemical components-key drug targets-pathway. According to the integrative analysis, it is found that ATP1A1, KRAS, and PRKAA1 were key targets, and neuron apoptotic process, neurotrophin signaling pathway, serotonergic synapse and regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity were key pathways which played important roles in molecular mechanism of Yueju Wan for depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction. In conclusion, speculated serotonergic synapse and regulation of nitric-oxide synthase activity maybe the common process in depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction. This paper provided an overall understanding on Yueju Wan based on TCMIP, helping to elucidate the mechanism of the same treatment for different diseases, depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690712

ABSTRACT

In this study, a computer-based network pharmacology approach was applied to investigate the potential mechanism and important components of Rhodiola crenulata in the protection of H9c2 cells against hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced oxidative stress. The intestinal absorption liquid of R. crenulata enhanced the cell viability, maintained cell morphology and inhibited cell apoptosis in the H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress in H9c2. Then, computer-based network pharmacology was used to analyze the relevant mechanism. A total of 133 oxidative stress-related compounds were screened out; and 26 of them occupied the top 20%, and all of the compounds enriched in 43 oxidative stress-related key targets. Finally, a "compound-target-pathway-function" network was constructed. Based on the analysis of the network pharmacology, R. crenulata protected H9c2 cells against H₂O₂-induced oxidative stress probably by affecting apoptosis-related processes, such as cell death, nitric oxide metabolism, oxidative stress, mitochondrial mechanism, redox process, redox-related enzyme activty and other oxidative stress-related process. And salidroside, ethyl gallate and catechins, which were the main components of R. crenulata, played an important role in this process. Therefore, the potential mechanism and important components of R. crenulata revealed the protective effect on oxidative stress. This study shows a multi-component, multi-target and overall regulation effect of R. crenulata on the oxidative stress, and provides a reliable reference for subsequent systematic experimental studies for the pharmacodynamic material foundation and mechanism of action R. crenulata.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272767

ABSTRACT

This research firstly establishes the oxidative damage model of H9c2 induced by H2O2 and screens the concentration range of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula which possess external myocardium protection function. Then, the thesis chooses 4 dosages to conduct experiments:examining the protection function of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula on H9c2 to provide reference for clinical prevention and curing of relative heart diseases of oxidative stress injury; as well as examining the H9c2 cardiac muscle cell vigour, cellular morphology, SOD, MDA and other indexes to primarily evaluate and discuss the functional mechanism of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula. The results show that the intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula has relatively better protection function toward the H9c2 cardiac muscle cell damage induced by H2O2 and presents concentration dependency to some extent. The intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula can increase SOD vigour, and decrease MDA emission, thus decreasing the formation of abnormal cell and strengthening the oxidation resistance of cardiac muscle cell. The intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula has protection function to some extent.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246099

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The multiple levels fragmentations of five furocoumarine (psoralen, xanthotoxin, bergapten, oxypeucedanin, and byakangelicol) in Angelica dahurica have been demonstrated using LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry with high resolution and high mass accuracy to discover the possible,fragmentation regularity.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Duringcollsion-induced dissociation (CID), the MS(n) data of the five compoundswhich were gained in the positive ion mode at 35ev collision energy by direct injection syrings method were analyzed using Xcalibar 2.0 Software to infer the formula of these fragmentations.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The results indicated that the five compounds have similar fragmentation process with CO meutral lost at C5,C8-subsituents and furan ring, meanwhile the meutralloss of CO2 occurred easily at lactone group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is helpful in identifying the structures of other furocoumarinein Angelica dahuricaand their metabolites in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Angelica , Chemistry , Chemical Phenomena , Coumarins , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Molecular Structure
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246097

ABSTRACT

The UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometer was used to explore the chemical compositions in safflower. The rapid separation of the compositions was conducted by the UHPLC, following by high resolution full scan and MS2 scan, under the positive and negative ion mode. The chemical formula of compositions were deduced by full scan data in less than 5, then the potential structures were confirmed by the MS2 data. Forty-nine compounds were detected, of which 26 was identified, and 5 compounds was validated by the standard substances.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330210

ABSTRACT

A HPLC method has been developed in the current investigation for simultaneous determination of three chemical markers of by akangelicin, imperatorin and isoimperatorin in Radix Angelicae Dahuricae. Separation was performed at 30 degrees C. on achromatographic column of Platisil ODS C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-water. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1) and the detection wavelength was 254 nm. The results showed that the three chemical markers could be well resolved and that in the selected linear range, all calibration curves of the three chemical markers showed good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.999 8). The recoveries of byakangelicin, imperatorin and isoimperatorin were 100.83%, 100.10% and 103.52%, respectively, and RSD were 1.7%, 0.77% and 0.41% (n = 6), respectively. The data suggested that the developed HPLC method had good reproducibility, robustness, and accuracy, which was suitable for the quality control of Radix Angelicae Dahuricae. Applications of this method showed that the three chemical markers had higher contents in the Bozhou Anhui and Changge Henan than others.


Subject(s)
Angelica , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Furocoumarins , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300178

ABSTRACT

To analyze the composition regularity of prescriptions containing Scutellaria baicalensis in Drug Standard of Ministry of Public Health of the Peoples Republic of China--Chinese Patent Medicines and Preparations on the basis of the traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system (TCMISS), in order to provide reference for new drug R&D. the platform's software V2.0 was applied to establish a database of prescriptions containing S. baicalensis. The software's statistical statement module, association rules and improved mutual information method and other data mining technologies were adopted to analyze commonly used drugs, combination rules and core combination of S. baicalensis prescriptions. Having analyzed 477 prescriptions containing S. baicalensis, the researchers summarized 45 most commonly used drug combinations, whose ingredients mostly had functions of heat-clearing and damp-drying, purging fire for removing toxin and hemostasis. Drugs adopted in core combinations were relatively concentrated and selected according to definite composition methods. There were 23 diseases that S. baicalensis were most frequently applied in the treatment. Having compared three highly frequent diseases--cold, cough and dizziness, the researchers concluded that S. baicalensis could show different therapeutic effects through different combination ratios. Therefore, TCMISS (V2.0) is an important tool in analyzing the composition regularity of traditional Chinese medicines. The longitudinal and parallel comparison method is an effective method for studying the clinical composition regularity of S. baicalensis, while providing reference for new drug R&D.


Subject(s)
China , Drug Compounding , Drug Therapy , Humans , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Scutellaria baicalensis , Chemistry
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 852-857, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344030

ABSTRACT

This study is to observe allergic response to Qingkailing injection in BN rats and to establish a suitable animal model to evaluate allergic response induced by traditional Chinese medicine. BN rats were sensitized by Qingkailing injection, and guinea pigs were similarly sensitized as the control. The symptoms of allergic response were observed, the levels of histamine in serum and tissues were determined by ELISA assay and pathological changes in lung and trachea were observed with HE staining under light microscope. The total incidence of allergic response in BN rats was 52.78%, which was higher than that in guinea pig groups (16.67%). The total degree of allergic response in BN rats was higher than that in guinea pigs. Compared with control groups, the level of histamine in serum, lung and trachea tissues of BN rats and guinea pigs increased significantly. The release rate of histamine in BN rats was higher than that in guinea pigs. The rate and degree of pathological changes in lung and trachea tissues of BN rats were higher than that in guinea pigs. Compared with guinea pig, BN rat is probably a suitable animal model in evaluating allergic response to injection of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Guinea Pigs , Histamine , Blood , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Injections , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred BN
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