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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905450

ABSTRACT

The nutritional status of patients with spinal cord injury affects the rehabilitation and outcome of patients, and has not received enough attention. Joint interventions such as diet control and exercise are effective. In addition, nutrition training for medical staff and nutrition education for patients are necessary, and the relevant nutrition policy of hospital should also be revised. At present, the nutritional assessment criteria for patients with spinal cord injury are not sufficient. Because of the specificity of patients with spinal cord injury, the evaluation criteria for healthy people are not applicable, and it is difficult to detect malnutrition early. A comprehensive evaluation system for patients with spinal cord injury in China should be established using evaluation scales, blood indicators and skin pleat thickness, and nutrition assessment should be used as a part of routine management.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To Compare and analyze the gut microbiota and biochemical indexes between patients with acute traumatic complete spinal cord injury and healthy subjects. Methods:From May, 2017 to May, 2018, a total of 44 patients with acute traumatic complete spinal cord injury (patient group) and 33 healthy controls (control group) were included. The clinical data and fresh blood, urine and fecal samples of the two groups were collected. The V3-V4 region of 16S rRNA gene was sequenced and analyzed. Results:The abundance of gut microbiota was higher in the patient group than in the control group, and the structural composition was different. Compared with the control group, the expression of Bacteroidetes decreased (P < 0.05), and the expression of Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Synergistetes, Saccharibacteria and Cyanobacteria increased in the patient group (P < 0.05). The serum glucose, low density lipoprotein, triglyceride and total cholesterol were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (P < 0 05). There was a significant correlation between these elevated markers and intestinal microbial community structure (P < 0.05). Conclusion:There is gut microbiota dysbiosis in patients with acute traumatic complete spinal cord injury, and the changes of the microbiota are related to the elevation of some serum biomarkers.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905099

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can directly and quantitatively analyze tissue metabolism. In the field of rehabilitation, it has been used in the prognosis of spinal cord injury, and observation of the metabolic changes after injury; in the diagnosis of stroke, cognitive dysfunction assessment, and dystonia mechanism research; exploring the rehabilitation mechanism of Parkinson's disease. It can be used in tumors for auxiliary diagnosis of prostate cancer and brain tumors. In addition, it can be used to assess the severity and prognosis of heat stroke, and to study the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and multiple system atrophy. It was found in the animal experiments that it can optimize the experimental design. With the development of advanced shimming algorithms and other technologies, the limitations of MRS will be gradually broken.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702528

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the dynamic changes of the intestinal function of neurogenic bowel dysfunction rats caused by spi-nal cord injury using X-ray radiography. Methods Twenty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n=12) and spinal cord injury group (n=12). The T10spinal cord injury model was established using aneurysm clip (70 grams calibration force) for 60 seconds. The control group exposed the dura only. X-ray Barium was used to observe the dynamic changes of in-testinal function, and HE staining was used to observe the pathology of the colon before and four weeks after modeling. Results Compared with the control group, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function significantly reduced in the spinal cord injury group (P<0.05). Conclusion The spinal cord injury model can be successfully duplicated with aneurysm clip in rats; neurogenic bowel dysfunction occurs after spinal cord injury, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function are weakened.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702505

ABSTRACT

Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is one of the most common complications of spinal cord injury.It can cause abdominal distension,constipation,fecal incontinence,difficult defecation,prolonged defecation and other symptoms.At present, neurogenic bowel dysfunction is mainly evaluated through general condition,physical examination,experimental exami-nation,professional scales and intestinal microbiota,etc.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702466

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the features and related factors of deep venous thrombosis(DVT)in patients with traumatic paraplegia during early rehabilitation. Methods Inpatients of our hospital from June,2014 to June,2017 were included and patients with traumatic paraplegia during early rehabilitation were analyzed.The clinical information,lower limbs deep vein ultrasonic testing and laboratory examination were collected to analyze features and related factors of DVT. Results A total of 269 patients with traumatic paraplegia during early rehabilitation were analyzed and 62 patients had DVT in lower limbs(23.0%),in which 50 patients had an isolated distal DVT and 28 cases occurred in bilateral lower limbs(45.2%).No patients younger than 14 had DVT in lower limbs(n=31).Logistic regression analysis showed that increased D-dimer (OR=1.348, 95% CI 1.193~1.525), advanced age (OR=3.450, 95% CI 1.372~8.674),male(OR=2.872,95% CI 1.095~7.533)and diabetes(OR=5.319,95% CI 1.094~25.872)were indepen-dent related factors for DVT. Conclusion The incidence of DVT in lower limbs of traumatic paraplegia patients during early rehabilitation is high. DVT develops mainly distally to the popliteal vein and bilaterally of lower limbs. Prepubertal children have a low incidence of DVT.Increased D-dimer,advanced age,male and diabetes are independent related factors for DVT.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345286

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical outcomes of semicircular decompression in treating old thoracolumbar fractures and intractable neuropathic pain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2009 to September 2013, 21 patients with old thoracolumbar fracture and intractable neuropathic pain were treated with semicircular decompression. Among initial surgery, posterior pedicle screw fixation was used in these patients, with or without laminectomy. All patients were male, range in age from 20 to 28 years old with an average of (25.00±2.38) years. Vertebral body residual bone block resulted in intra-spinal placeholder more than 50%. All patients were complete spinal cord injury (ASIA grade) or cauda equina injury. VAS scores was from 6 to 10 points with the mean of 7.14±0.91. In these patients, MRI, CT, X-rays were performed; denomination and dosage of analgesics were recorded; nerve function and pain status were respectively evaluated by ASIA grade and VAS score before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 8 to 32 months with an average of (17.29±6.02) months. All bone fragments of spinal canal were removed and spinal cord decompressions were achieved. At final follow-up, VAS scores were from 0 to 8 points with an average of (2.43±2.46) points, and were obviously reduced than peroperative data (P<0.05). Eleven cases of them stopped analgesic intake and 7 cases reduced using. Three patients' symptoms and VAS scores were not improved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Old thoracolumbar fractures and intractable neuropathic pain need receive imaging examination as soon as possible and consider semicircular decompression therapy if bone fragments were in vertebral canal and spinal canal stenosis existed. This therapy can effectively relieve pain and profit nerve functional recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Neuralgia , General Surgery , Pain, Intractable , General Surgery , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Visual Analog Scale , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 887-890, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the spontaneous YMDD mutation rate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Serum samples collected from 196 untreated chronic HBV patients were detected by primer-specific real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 196 patients, spontaneous YMDD variants were detected in 21 subjects (20 YVDD mutants and 1 YIDD mutant). YMDD variants account for more than 50%, 25% to 50%, 9% to 25% of total virus load in 1, 5 and 15 patients, respectively. Gender, age, HBeAg status, serum viral load, the state of disease and duration of infection were not associated with spontaneous YMDD mutation. Genotype B had higher spontaneous YMDD rate than genotype C (20.00% vs 7.38%, x(2) = 6.28, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Spontaneous YMDD variants exist in chronic hepatitis B patients, Genotype B is associated with higher spontaneous YMDD rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , DNA Primers , DNA, Viral , Blood , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Virology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Load , Young Adult
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