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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantages and disadvantages of percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) for femoral neck fractures in the elderly patients.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 31 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture who had been treated with PCCP from January 2012 to December 2018 at Orthopaedic Department, The First People's Hospital of Yancheng, Orthopaedic Department, The Ninth People's Hospital of Wuxi and Department of Orthopaedics, The People's Hospital of Wuxi. They were 16 men and 15 women, aged from 65 to 80 years (average, 70.5 years). By the Garden classification, 7 cases were type Ⅱ, 15 cases type Ⅲ and 9 cases type Ⅳ; by the Singh index, 4 cases were level Ⅲ, 11 cases level Ⅳ, 10 cases level Ⅴ and 6 cases level Ⅵ. The time from injury to operation ranged from 3 to 14 days (average, 5.8 days). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction, fracture union time, complications and functional recovery of the hip were observed.Results:The operation time averaged 73.4 min and intraoperative blood loss 116.4 mL. At one week after operation, the Garden alignment index was level Ⅰ in 25 cases and level Ⅱ in 6. Superficial incision infection was noted in one case intraoperatively. Follow-ups for the 31 patients ranged from 12 to 47 months (mean, 18.9 months). All the fractures united after 4.9 months on average (from 4 to 8 months). Delayed union occurred in 2 cases, neck shortening in 12 cases, and avascular necrosis of femoral head in 3 displaced subcranial fractures 2 of which were high shear ones. The necrosis of femoral head was treated by arthroplasty in 2 and by conservative treatment in one. The Harris hip scores at the last follow-up for the 31 patients averaged 90.9 (from 75 to 100), giving 15 excellent, 12 good and 4 fair cases and an excellent to good rate of 87.1% (27/31).Conclusions:In treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly patients, PCCP has advantages of allowing early weight-bearing after operation, a high rate of fracture union, limited complications and quick and fine functional recovery of the hip. However, it should be used with caution in patients with severe osteoporosis, displaced subcranial or high shear fracture.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of a 3D printed patient-specific guider (3D-PSG) in complex total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the data of 44 patients who had received complex artificial TKA for articular and extra-articular deformities of the knee from January 2016 to October 2019 at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital. According to whether a 3D-PSG had been applied, the patients were divided into 2 groups. In the 3D-PSG group of 23 patients, there were 11 males and 12 females, with an age of 63.7 years ± 10.2 years (from 53 to 81 years); in the conventional group of 21 cases, there were 10 males and 11 females, with an age of 64.2 years ±12.1 years (from 51 to 79 years). In the 3D-PSG group, the preoperative CT data were 3D reconstructed for measurement of a full lower limb and design of a 3D-PSG and TKA was assisted by a 3D-PSG which had been manufactured by a 3D printer using the STL files of the 3D-PSG imported. In the conventional group TKA was performed in a standard manner. In the 3D-PSG group, the TKA surgical parameters in the preoperative plan were compared with actual surgical measurements. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, length of hospital stay, visual analogue scale (VAS), Knee Society Score (KSS), hip knee ankle (HKA), frontal femoral component (FFC), frontal tibial component (FTC), lateral femoral flexion (LFF) and lateral tibial component (LTC).Results:There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing comparability ( P>0.05). In the 3D-PSG group, no significant differences were found between preoperative parameters designed and actual intraoperative measurements in the prosthetic type of femoral condyle (3.4±1.1 versus 3.5±0.9) or of tibial plateau (3.1±0.9 versus 3.3±1.2), or in the filler thickness (10.6 mm ± 3.2 mm versus 10.9 mm ± 4.7 mm) ( P>0.05). The 44 patients were followed up for an average of 10.8 months (from 7 to 13 months). The 3D-PSG group had significantly less operation time (65.7 min ± 10.5 min), intraoperative blood loss (19.8 mL ±7.3 mL), postoperative drainage volume (124.6 mL ± 27.9 mL) and hospital stay (7.3 d ± 2.5 d) than the conventional group (82.4 min ± 11.7 min, 86.5 mL ± 35.7 mL, 154.6 mL ± 21.3 mL and 10.6 d ± 3.1 d) ( P<0.05). The VAS and KSS scores at postoperative day 1, week 1 and week 2 in the 3D-PSG group were significantly better than those in the conventional group ( P<0.05). Significantly more patients in the 3D-PSG group achieved approximately ideal values in HKA, FFC, FTC, LFF and LTC than those in the conventional group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:A 3D printed patient-specific guider may improve surgical accuracy, reduce operation time and achieve better surgical outcomes in complex total knee arthroplasty.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 882-886, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762117

ABSTRACT

Ameloblastoma in the tibia is rare. Limb reconstruction after tumor resection is challenging in terms of selection of the operative method. Here, we report a case of radical resection of an ameloblastoma in the mid-distal tibia combined with limb salvage using a three-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis replacement, with 1-year follow-up results. After receiving local institutional review board approval, a titanium alloy prosthesis was designed using a computer and manufactured with 3D-printing technology. During the operation, the stem of the prosthesis was inserted closely into the proximal tibial medullary cavity. Then, the metal ankle mortise and the talus were compacted closely. Radiographic results at 1-year follow up showed that the prosthesis was well placed, and no loosening was observed. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) 93 functional score was 26 points, and the functional recovery percentage was 86.7%. Computer-assisted 3D-printing technology allowed for more volume and structural compatibility of the prosthesis, thereby ensuring a smooth operation and initial prosthetic stabilization. During the follow up, the presence of bone ingrowths on the porous surface of some segments of the prosthesis suggested good outcomes for long-term biological integration between the prosthesis and host bone.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Ameloblastoma , Ankle , Ethics Committees, Research , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Limb Salvage , Methods , Prostheses and Implants , Talus , Tibia , Titanium
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754732

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of bone transport versus induced membrane technique for large segmental tibial defects.Methods The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively of 89 patients with large segmental tibial defect who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Wuxi No.9 People's Hospital from June 2005 to February 2017 using bone transport or induced membrane technique.They were 58males and 31 females,aged from 13 to 74 years (average,38.0 years).The bone transport group had 59cases and the induced membrane technique group 30 cases.The 2 groups were compared in terms of preoperative general data and postoperative bone nonunion,bone healing time,complications and functional recovery of the adjacent joint.Results There were no statistically significant differences between the 2groups in terms of age,gender,cause or type of defects,associated injury,course of disease,functionary scores of the adjacent joint or number of operations,showing compatibility between the 2 groups (P > 0.05).All the patients were followed up for 12 to 48 months (average,20 months).The bone transport group had significandy longer clinical healing time (14.7 ± 5.4 months) and significantly higher incidences of major complications (50.8%),minor complications (57.6%) and overall complications (83.1%) than the induced membrane technique group (11.2 ± 2.8 months,16.7%,26.7% and 30.0%,respectively) (P < O.05),but significantly lower functionary scores of the adjacent joint (86.4 ± 5.0 points) than the induced membrane technique group (88.8 ± 4.9 points) (P < 0.05).Conclusions Both bone transport and induced membrane technique are effective repairs for large segmental tibial defects.However,induced membrane technique may be superior to bone transport in terms of bone healing,complications and functional recovery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465246

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect ofJianpi-Huoxue decoction on the adrenocorticotropic hormone levels and vascular endothelial growth factor of patients with chronic nephritis.Methods 120 patients with chronic nephritis from January 2012 to December 2013 in TCM Hospital of Yanggu county were selected and recruited into a control group and a treatment group, with 40 patients in each group, according to random number table method. The control group was given oral indomethacin, 1 tablets each time, 3 times/d; intramuscular injection of methotrexate, 1 piece/time, 1 times/week. The treatment group was additionally treated by Jianpi-Huoxue decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. The serum adrenocorticotropic hormone and vascular endothelial growth factor levels were measured before and after the treatment,and efficacy and safety were also evaluated.Results After the treatment, the total effective rate was 72.5% (29/40) in the control group and 97.5% (39/40) in the treatment group, with significant differences (χ2=7.941,P<0.05). The ACTH levels after treatment was (13.82 ± 5.94 ng/Lvs. 8.01 ± 4.16 ng/L) in the treatment group and (18.73 ± 6.84 ng/Lvs. 8.07 ± 4.08 ng/L) in the control group, showing significant increase compared with before treatment (P<0.01). The level of VEGF was (61.92 ± 26.37 ng/Lvs. 83.72 ± 30.63 ng/L) in the treatment group and (49.36 ± 23.93 ng/Lvs.84.34 ± 33.49 ng/L) in the control group, showing significant decrease than before treatment (P<0.01). After the treatment, the increase of ACTH and the decrease of VEGF in the treatment group were better than those in the control group (t=3.427, 2.231,P<0.05).ConclusionsJianpi-Huoxue decoction combined with conventional western therapy can increase the level of ACTH in patients with nephritis, reduce VEGF, and improve clinical curative effects.

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