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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 815-820, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606937

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of lung ultrasonic on severe high altitude pulmonary edema.Methods A prospective, single-blind, case-control study was conducted. Sixty patients with severe high altitude pulmonary edema admitted to Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from February 2015 to May 2017 were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2500-3000 m group, 3000-3500 m group and 3500-4200 m group according to different altitudes,with 20 patients in each group. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score was recorded before and 12 hours and 24 hours after treatment. The arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) was determined by blood gas analysis, and the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was calculated. Bedside ultrasound scanning was used to determine B line number and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), and B line score was calculated to reflect lung water content. The correlation between B line score and PaO2/FiO2, PAP and APACHEⅡ scores at each time point was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results None of 60 patients died or exited, all of them were enrolled in the final analysis. There was no significant difference in PaO2/FiO2, PAP, APACHEⅡ score or B line score among different altitudes groups (allP > 0.05). Repeated measurement variance analysis showed that the effects of different altitudes on PaO2/FiO2, PAP, APACHEⅡ score and B line score were not statistically significant (F value was 0.312, 0.014, 1.098, 0.236, andP value was 0.340, 0.791, 0.733, and 0.986, respectively). The PaO2/FiO2, PAP, APACHEⅡ score and B line score in all groups were improved obviously from 12 hours after treatment, and the improvements at 24 hours were more than those at 12 hours (allP < 0.05). Repeated measurement variance analysis showed that the effect at different time points on PaO2/FiO2, PAP, APACHEⅡ score and B line score was statistically significant (F value was 1844.270, 121.690, 1173.175, 19426.968, allP < 0.001). The interaction effects of different altitudes and different time points on PaO2/FiO2, PAP, APACHEⅡ score and B line score were not statistically significant (F value was 0.304, 0.404, 1.172, 1.403, andP value was 0.875, 0.805, 0.327, and 0.591, respectively). Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between B line score and PaO2/FiO2 before and after treatment (r value was -0.579, -0.522, and -0.386, allP < 0.01), indicating that the more the B line, the more severe the pulmonary edema, and the worse the oxygenation; with the decrease in B line after treatment, the pulmonary edema was gradually alleviated, and oxygenation was gradually improved. There was a significant positive correlation between B line score and APACHEⅡ score before and 24 hours after treatment (r value was 0.484 and 0.536, bothP < 0.01), indicating that the more the B line, the more severe the patient; with the decrease in B line after treatment, the patient's condition improved after treatment. There was only a weak correlation between B line score and PAP at 24 hours after treatment (r = 0.317,P = 0.014), indicating that PAP was not a sensitive indicator in the degree of pulmonary edema in patients.Conclusions The more the B line in patients with severe high altitude pulmonary edema,the more severe of the pulmonary edema, and the more severe of the patient. There was no significant correlation between the B line score and PAP. Pulmonary ultrasonography can still be used not only in the plain and low elevation areas, but in the high altitude areas, as a reliable method to evaluate the severity of pulmonary edema.

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 729-731,734, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606303

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the HO-1 expression levels with 5-FU chemosensitivity in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods Eca109 cells used in all experiments,MTT assay was used in cell growth curve and inhibit rate.RT-PCR and Western blot was used to detect HO-1 in cells treated with different concentrations of ZnppⅨ (0,20,80,100 μmol/L).Results The inhibitory rate of cells was significantly increased when the concentrition of ZnppⅨ increased.The inhibitory rate of cells in 80 μmol/L ZnppⅨ was higher than 20 μmol/L ZnppⅨ group(P<0.05).The expression of HO-1 mRNA in each group was 0.50± 0.17,0.55±0.15,0.58 ± 0.09 and 0.55 ± 0.16,respectively,there was no significant difference between the two groups (P> 0.05).The expression of HO-1 was 0,85±0.07,0.63±0.11,0.43±0.12 and 0.25±0.10,respectively.The expression of HO-1 had significant difference (F=20.01,P<0.01).Conclusion Eca109 cells inhibition rate positive correlated with ZnppⅨ concentrations,and ZnppⅨ were inhibited the expression of HO-1.not from gene level,but after the translation level.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415819

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mutation of FLCN gene in Chinese patients with sporadic and familial primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods A complete genetic analysis of FLCN by use of SSCP-PCR was performed in 102 unrelated Chinese patients with isolated PSP. Results Three novel mutations (c. 924_926del, c. 1611_1631del and c. 1740C.T) and a previously reported mutation (c. 1733insC) were identified in five familial and five sporadic PSP patients. Of the 21 family members of patients with PSP including 3 previous considered as sporadic, 4 ( 19% ) had history of at least one episode of PSP and 9 (43% ) were FLCN mutant carriers without PSP. Seven of the nine (78% ) mutant carriers had pulmonary cysts detected by high-resolution computed tomography ( HRCT) . Although c. 924_926del and c. 1611 _1631 del were found in eight patients from the same geographic district, haplotype analysis demonstrated that they did not share the same affected haplotype,thus excluding common ancestry. Conclusion This study first demonstrates that FLCN mutation contributes to not only familial but also apparently sporadic' patients with isolated PSP. It suggests that mutation analysis and HRCT scan may be recommended for first-degree family members of PSP patients with FLCN mutations, irrespective of their family history status of PSP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412456

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the feasibility and clinical efficacy of minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.MethodsFrom July 2007 to December 2009,eighty-one patients with esophageal cancer received combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy with anastomosis in the neck.All clinical data were retrospectively reviewed.ResultsThe median operative time was 270.5 min (range 196-315 min).The median time of gastric mobilization and abdominal lymph node dissection was 64.5 min,and the median time of esophageal dissection and mediastinall lymph node dissection was 81.2 min.The median blood loss was 121.5 ml for the thoracic phase and 42.4 ml for abdomen phase.The mean number of disected lymph nodes was 20.4 (range 5-41) with metastastic rate of 30.9% (25/81).The mean harvest lymph node was 12.5 in chest and 7.3 in abdomen.Perioperative complications rate was 27.2%,including respiratory failure in 1 case,pulmonary infection in 10,anastomotic leak in 3,chylothorax in 2,gastric tube dilatation in 1,gastric tube leak in 1.And recurrent laryneal nerve injury in 5 .Seventy-nine patients were followed up withmMean follow up time of 14.2 months( range 2-31 months).The overall one-year survival rate was 91.1%.Postoperative complications included anastomotic stenosis in 5 cases (6.3%),reflux esophagitis in 12 (15.2%) and recurrence or metastasis in 6 (7.6%).ConclusionMinimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer can mimimus trauma,reduce post-operative complications,improve the quality of life,which is feasible and effective from the point of the clinical efficacy and the purpose of tumor therapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392011

ABSTRACT

Reverse transcription-PCR and methylation-specific PCR (MSP) were used to determine the expression levels of Syk gene and the methylation status of its promoter in tissue samples from 60 patients with cervical cancer, 50 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and 20 normal controls. We also analyzed the association of the methylation status and expression levels of Syk gene with linicopathological features of patients. The expression rates of Syk gene in 20 normal cervical tissue samples and 18 CIN Ⅰ samples were both 100% ; those of CIN Ⅱ- Ⅲ and cervical carcinoma were 56% (18/32)and 35% (21/60) respectively. Among cervical carcinoma patients, the expression of Syk mRNA was detected in one out of 13 cases with lymph node metastasis (1/13) and in 20 out of 47 cases with no lymph node metastasis (43%). The methylation of Syk gene in promoter region was detected in 34 out of 60 cases of cervical carcinoma (57%) ; while there was no methylation in CIN cases. In 13 cases with lymph node metastasis, 11 were found to have the methylation of Syk gene. The methylation rate of Syk promoter in cervical carcinoma was higher than that of CIN tissue( x~2 = 7. 13, P <0. 01 ). The methylation status of Syk gene was correlated with the lymph node metastasis ( P< 0. 05 ), but not with other clinicopathological parameters ( P > 0. 05). There was a significant correlation between methylation status and expression level of Syk gene ( P < 0. 05 ). The hypermethylation leads to silencing of the Syk gene in human cervicalcarcinoma. Syk hypermethylation may be associated with oncngenesis, metastasis of cervical carcinoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595648

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and safety of combination of thoracoscopy and laparoscopy for the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.Methods Combining thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy was attempted in 23 patients with esophageal cancer between August 2007 and July 2008.Being placed at a left lateral decubitus position,the patients received right thoracoscopic mobilization of the intrathoracic esophagus as well as lymph node dissection;then with lithotomy position,laparoscopic mobilization of the stomach and lymph node dissection were carried out,followed by creation of a gastric tube through a small incision under the xiphoid;finally we pulled out the gastric tube from the esophageal bed to the neck and made an intermittent gastroesophageal anastomosis.Results One of the patients was converted to open abdominal surgery,whereas no one was converted to open thoracic operation.The total operation time ranged from 240 to 330 minutes with a mean of 270 minutes,the operation time for laparoscopy was 38-90 minutes(mean,65 minutes),and for thoracoscopy was 55-100 minutes(mean,70 minutes).No massive hemorrhage occurred during the operation,the total blood loss ranged from 100 to 300 ml(mean,225 ml),of which 10 to 50 ml were intra-abdominal blood loss(mean,20.4 ml).Totally 225 lymph nods were removed(9.8 per patient in average).Of the resected lymph nodes,65 were para-left gastric arterial or pericardial lymph nodes(2.8 per case).The mean hospital stay in this series was 9.2 days(range:8-12 days).During the hospitalization,no patient died;postoperative complications included pulmonary infection(3 cases),cervical anastomotic leak(one case,occurred in 8 days after the surgery),chylothorax(1 patient,cured by ligation via open thoracic surgery),and hoarseness(3 cases).Of the patient,23 received an follow-up for 1 to 11 months(mean,7.7 months),during which,1 patient died and 1 patient showed extensive metastasis to the mediastinal lymph node.Conclusion Combination of thoracoscopy and laparoscopy with cervical anastomosis is feasible and safe for the treatment of esophageal carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the expression of VEGF gene in the endometrial carcinoma tissues,para-tumor tissues,normal endometria and peripheral blood,and analyze the role of VEGF in tumor growth and tumor metastasis.Methods:Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of VEGF gene in 51 endometrial carcinoma samples and the corresponding para-tumor tissues,40 normal endometria samples and their corresponding peripheral blood samples.The relation between the VEGF expression and clinical pathological parameters was analyzed.Results:The expression of VEGF gene was higher in the endometrial carcinoma tissues than in the corresponding para-tumour tissues and normal endometrial tissues(P0.05).The expression of VEGF in peripheral blood was higher in patients with endometrial carcinoma than that in the normal controls;and the expression was significantly correlated with the clinical stage,histological grades,pathological types and the presence of lymph node metastasis(P0.05).Conclusion:Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR can sensitively,specifically detect the expression of VEGF in the endometrial carcinoma tissues and peripheral blood samples.VEGF might play an important role in the development,invasion,and metastasis of endometrial carcinoma.

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