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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1797-1802, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between nurses′ workplace adaptability, moral dilemma and resilience after suffering workplace violence in emergency department, in order to provide reference about improving the workplace adaptability and formulating intervention.Methods:A cross-section survey was conducted, we selected 248 nurses who had suffered workplace violence in the emergency department of five tertiary hospitals in Qingdao from January 2022 to January 2023 by convenient sampling method, and used self-designed general information questionnaire, moral dilemma scale, resilience evaluation scale for medical staff and nurses′ workplace adaptability scale to conduct a questionnaire survey on nurses who had suffered workplace violence, and found out the factors affecting their workplace adaptability.Results:The score of workplace adaptability of 248 nurses who had suffered workplace violence was (39.37 ± 12.77) points. Univariate analysis showed that education, length of emergency service, department or social part-time job, professional title, number of night shifts and sleep condition were the influencing factors of workplace fitness for emergency nurses ( t/ F values were -12.72 to 132.15, all P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the nurses′ workplace adaptability after workplace violence was negatively correlated with the scores and total scores of all dimensions of moral dilemma ( r values were -0.725 to -0.194, P<0.05), and positively correlated with the scores and total scores of all dimensions of resilience ( r values were 0.135 to 0.732, P<0.05). Multi-factor results showed that education background, department/social part-time job, working years, professional title, sleep status, moral dilemma and resilience were the influencing factors of nurses′ workplace adaptability after workplace violence ( t values were -9.25 to 15.25, P<0.05). Conclusions:Nurses with specialized education, emergency service for 1-3 years, no department/social part-time job, primary professional title, sleep disorder, higher degree of moral dilemma and low level of resilience have low occupational adaptability. Nursing managers should focus on such nurses and improve their occupational adaptability.

2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1266-1268, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880596

ABSTRACT

Subphrenic splenic implantation is a rare disease, usually occurred followed the splenic trauma and splenectomy. Surgeries are often necessary for diagnosing and treating it. A 46-year-old male post-splenectomy patient, tolerating abdominal bloating and pain for more than 1 year, was admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. Fundus bulge suggested a possibility of stromal tumors originating from the muscularispropria layer with endoscopic ultrasound. Slightly stomachic thickness was detected using enhanced computed tomography (CT). Without any improvement for symptoms after medication, the patient strongly requested to undergo an endoscopic therapy. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) result confirmed it as subphrenic splenic implantation with postoperative pathology. In this case, NOTES helped us to confirm the diagnosis, relieve the symptoms, as well as prevent secondary surgery injury, which would be helpful to other clinicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy , Gastric Fundus , Intraoperative Complications , Splenectomy/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 190-194, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for treatment of duodenal lesions.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 45 patients with 46 duodenal lesions who underwent ESD at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2011 to May 2019. The lesion features, en bloc resection rate, complete resection rate, complications, postoperative pathology and recurrence were assessed.Results:Among the 45 patients, 20 were males and 25 were females, with age of 52.0±11.8 years. Of the 46 lesions, 31 (67.4%) were located in the duodenal bulb, 12 (26.1%) in the descending part, and 3 (6.5%) at the junction of bulb and descending part. The diameter of the lesions was 2.4±1.9 cm. There were 14 (30.4%) lesions originated from mucosal layer, 29 (63.1%) from submucosal layer, and 3 (6.5%) from muscularis propria.Postoperative pathology showed 11 (23.9%) cases of Brunner gland tumors, 9 (19.6%) neuroendocrine tumors, 5 (10.9%) ectopic pancreas, 5 (10.9%) lipomas, and 16 (34.8%) other pathological patterns. All 45 patients with 46 lesions underwent ESD successfully, and the en bloc resection rate was 100.0% (46/46), complete resection rate was 91.3% (42/46). Intraoperative bleeding occurred in 1 case (2.2%), which was successfully treated by endoscopy. One (2.2%) delayed perforation occurred and was treated by surgical intervention. Electrocoagulation syndrome occurred in 1 case (2.2%), which was relieved after conservative medical therapy. Two cases received further surgery after ESD. The mean hospital stay was 6.2 days (ranged 2-21 days) and no death occurred. Forty-one cases were followed up for 1-78 months, with mean time of 30 months. During the follow-up period, local recurrence occurred in 1 patient (2.4%).Conclusion:ESD is an effective and safe treatment for duodenal lesions and has a good clinical practical value.

4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1014-1019, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813160

ABSTRACT

To compare the safety and efficacy between endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and radical surgery (RS) for the treatment of large colorectal laterally spreading tumors (LST) larger than 50 mm in diameter. 
 Methods: From January 2011 to January 2016, a total of 82 patients were diagnosed as large LST without deep submucosal invasion (T1 SM2, ≥1 000 µm) in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Among them, 52 patients were treated by ESD and the other 30 patients were treated by RS [laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC)/open colectomy (OC)]. The clinic data were retrospectively analyzed and the en-bloc resection rate, en-bloc R0 resection rate, local recurrence, complication, procedure time and hospital stay were collected and analyzed.
 Results: The lesion sizes were (5.80±1.20) cm and (5.53±0.69) cm in diameter for ESD and RS groups, respectively (P>0.05). En-bloc resection rates, en-bloc R0 resection rates and recurrence rates showed no significant difference between the ESD group and RS group (P>0.05). Complication rate of the ESD group (7.69%, 4/52) was much lower than that in the RS group (33.33%, 10/30; P<0.01). The ESD group also had a shorter hospital stay and operation time than the RS group (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: ESD appears to be a safe, minimal invasive and effective strategy for treating large LST and it is obviously better than RS in the aspects of hospital stay, operation time and short-term complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Dissection , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Reference Standards , Intestinal Mucosa , Pathology , General Surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 352-356, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513236

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal benign stricture is a common disease with symptoms of dysphagia,abdominal pain and difficult defecation,which severely impair the quality of life for patients.Endoscopic intervention is the first-line treatment,and the available methods include balloon dilation,local drug injection and stent insertion,etc.Endoscopic incision was first used for the treatment of Schatzki's rings,and later it was used for the treatment of other gastrointestinal benign strictures,and the promising results were achieved.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 592-596, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620169

ABSTRACT

Objective Objective To evaluate the efficacy of Heqi San combined with metformin in the treatment of obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods A total of 60 patients with obese polycystic ovary syndrome who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into 2 groups, 30 patients in each group. The control group was treated with metformin, and the treatment group was treated with Heqi San on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. The FPG was determined by glucose oxidase method, and fasting insulin (FINS), TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C level were measured by radio immunoassay, and the insulin resistance index (IR) was measured by the method of HOMA-IR. The luteotropic hormone (LH), pro follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (T) were detected by the automatic electrochemical light detector, and the ratio of LH/FSH was calculated. The ovarian volume and body mass index changes and clinical effect were evaluated. Results After treatment, the BMI (20.09 ± 3.12 kg/cm2 vs. 23.39 ± 1.43 kg/cm2, t=6.889), FPG (4.44 ± 0.17 mmol/L vs. 4.74 ± 0.16 mmol/L, t=6.945), FINS (10.69 ± 2.41 IU/L vs. 16.29 ± 5.95 IU/L, t=4.778), TC (3.91 ± 0.50 mmol/L vs. 4.20 ± 0.39 mmol/L, t=2.505), LDL-C (2.64 ± 0.63 mmol/L vs. 3.18 ± 0.62 mmol/L, t=3.346), LH (8.70 ± 2.44 U/L vs. 10.27 ± 2.69 U/L, t=2.934), the ratio of LH/FSH (1.33 ± 0.58 vs. 2.18 ± 0.56, t=5.775), T (1.73 ± 0.74 nmol/L vs. 2.95 ± 1.10 nmol/L, t=5.040) and ovarian volume (12.61 ± 2.29 mm3 vs. 14.26 ± 2.52 mm3, t=6.982) in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The FSH (7.33 ± 2.28 U/L vs. 5.95 ± 1.20 U/L, t=2.934) in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the treatment group was 83.3% (25/30) and 63.3% (19/30) in the control group. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant (χ2=3.068, P=0.050). Conclusions The Heqi San combined with metformin can effectively improve the body mass index, glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism index and sex hormone level, and reduce the volume of ovary in patients with PCOS, and the curative effect is better than that of oral metformin alone.

7.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 99-101, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614959

ABSTRACT

To summarize the clinical experience of Professor WANG Meng-yong in the treatment of uric acid nephropathy. Professor WANG believes that the disease is mainly caused by spleen and kidney deficiency, disorder of function of Sanjiao, and pathological products, such as phlegm dampness and blood stasis and other metabolic disorders. Therefore, the treatment should distinguish symptoms and essence. Starting from pathogenesis and pathological features of spleen and kidney deficiency and phlegm dampness and blood stasis, the treatment should flexibly apply the methods of nourishing spleen and kidney, reducing phlegm and dispelling humidity, and activating blood and using diuretic of hydragogue to alleviate water retention, which can greatly reduce side effects caused by the long-term use of Western medicine and the onset of gout, and then to help disease recovery.

8.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 799-802, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487189

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of the decoction of Huoxue Jiangtang Yin (HJY) combined with metformin on glucose and lipid metabolism and fat factors in type 2 diabetes patients with insulin resistance ( IR). Methods A total of 84 type 2 diabetes patients with IR were randomly assigned to experiment group and control group, 42 cases in each group. Both groups were given the basic treatment of controlling diet, exercise therapy, banning from smoking and alcohol, and psychological therapy. Additionally, the control group was given metformin orally, and the experiment group was given oral use of metformin and the decoction of HJY ( mainly composed of Radix Astragalie, Rhizoma Rehmanniae, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Radix Pseudostellariae, Fructus Schisandrae, Radix Ophiopogonis, Radix Dioscoreae, Rhizoma Polygonati, Cortex Moutan, Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, Flos Carthami, and Semen Persicae). The treatment for both groups covered 20 weeks for a course of treatment. Before and after the treatment, we observed the indexes of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin ( FINS) , homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance ( HOMA-IR) , body mass index ( BMI) , blood lipid of total cholesterol ( TC) , triglyceride ( TG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL-C) , interleukin 6 ( IL -6) , tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-α) , and secreted frizzled related protein 5 ( SFRP5). Results After treatment, FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, BMI, FINS, TC, TG, LDL-C, HOMA-IR, TNF-α and IL -6 levels were all decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and SFRP5 level was increased (P<0.05) in both groups compared with those before treatment. The improvement of the indexes in the experiment group was superior to that in the control group ( P<0.05 or P<0.01) Conclusion HJY combined with metformin has an effect on controlling body weight, regulating the glucose and lipid metabolism, and improving IR through regulating fat factors of IL-6, TNF-α and SFRP5 in type 2 diabetes patients with IR.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 10-13, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469242

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors and incidence of gas-related complications in peroral endoscopic myotomy for easophageal achalasia.Methods Clinical data of 216 patients with achalasia treated by peroral endoscopic myotomy from August 2011 to November 2013 were collected.Potential risk factors for gas-related complications were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results The incidence of gas-related complications was 10.2% (22/216).Univariate analysis showed risk factors for complications were Sigmoid type esophagus,simple longitudinal incision for tunnel entry,tunnel width ≤3 cm,degree of myotomy,and operation time (P < 0.05),while multivariate analysis showed the risk factors were Sigmoid type esophagus,simple longitudinal incision for tunnel entry,and tunnel width ≤3 cm(P < 0.05).Conclusion Simple longitudinal incision for tunnel entry,tunnel width≤3 cm and sigmoid type esophagus are risk factors of gas-related complications in POEM,while myotomy depth is not.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1016-1019, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489148

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection (STER) for upper gastrointestinal muscularis propria submucosal tumors (SMTs) with diameter ≥3.5 cm.Methods The clinical data of 14 patients with SMTs≥3.5 cm who were admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between October 2011 and July 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 patients with tumor at esophagus and 1 patient with tumor at cardia.All patients underwent STER and the observed indexes included operation tine, tumor location and diameter, results of pathological examination and occurrence of postoperative complications.All patients were followed up regularly at the out-patient department including reexamination of gastroscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and computed tomography (CT) till August 2014.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented as average (range).Results All the 14 patients underwent STER successfully with mean operation time of 83 minutes (range, 60-160 minutes).Fourteen tumors were exited, with 13 located at esophagus and 1 at gastric cardia.En bloc resection was achieved in 13 patients and the tumors were extracted through the tunnel.The tumor in the remaining 1 patient was large with a diameter of 5.3 cm and close to trachea, it was extracted by 2 pieces.The average diameter of 14 tumors extracted was 4.1 cm and postoperative pathological examination confirmed the tumors as leiomyomas.Three patients had postoperative complications, subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 1 patient and retrosternal pain in 1 patient.One patient suffered mucosal laceration and recovered after a metal stent was inserted for 2 weeks.The average duration of postoperative hospital stay was 6.4 days (range, 4.0-8.0 days).All patients were followed up for a median time of 11.5 months (range, 1.0-24.0 months) with no recurrence.Conclusion STER is a safe and effective method for SMTs with diameter≥3.5 cm.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 548-550, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479909

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of primary Waldeyer's ring non-Hodgkin lymphoma.Methods From Jan 2008 to Dcc 2013, 50 patients with primary Waldeyer's ring non-Hodgkin lymphoma were retrospectively analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.Log-rank method was used for univariate analysis.Results Waldeyer's ring diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) were the common pathological types of primary Waldeyer's ring non-Hodgkin lymphoma accounting for 56 % (28/50) DLBCL and 34 % (17/50) ENKTCL, respectively.The age at onset of ENKTCL patients was younger than that of DLBCL patients.Two groups had different primary sites, including 50.0 % (14/28) of DLBCL with tonsillar disease and 88.2 % (15/17) of ENKTCL with nasopharynx disease.The short phase effect of DLBCL group was higher than that of ENKTCL group.The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates had significant differences between DLBCL and ENKTCL (x2 =4.45, P =0.035;x2=6.47, P =0.011).Conclusion DLBCL and ENKTCL are different in clinical characteristics.The short phase effect and prognosis of DLBCL are obviously better than those of the ENKTCL.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 253-256, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450360

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of peroral endoscopic full-thickness myotomy for patients with severe esophageal achalasia.Methods A total of 64 patients with severe achalasia,whose Eckardt's score ≥6,esophageal diameter ≥6 cm or with S-type esophagus,were treated by peroral endoscopic full-thickness myotomy.Data of Eckardt's score,complications,recurrence,gastroscopy and esophageal barium radiography were collected before and during periodical follow-up.Results All the 64 patients underwent peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) successfully,mean operation time was 55 minutes,average length of tunnel and myotomy were 14.1 cm and 10.6 cm respectively,and full-thickness myotomy was performed beyond 6 cm near esophagogastric junction.Symptoms remitted in all patients.Eckardt's score decreased significantly [pre-treatment VS post-treatment,(7.4 ± 1.5) VS (0.6 ± 0.8),P < 0.001],the diameter of esophageal lumen reduced[pre-treatment VS post-treatment,(59.7 ± 13.0) mm VS (31.4 ±3.3) mm,P < 0.001),and the diameter of cardia increased [pre-treatment VS post-treatment,(15.6 ± 10.1) mm VS (33.4 ± 8.9) mm,P < 0.001].Complications occurred in 9.4% (6/64) of the cases,gas-related complications was 6.3% (4/64).Treatment success was achieved in 98.4% cases (63/64) with a follow-up of 6 ~20 months (median 12.3 months),with no recurrence cases.Conclusion Peroral endoscopic full-thickness myotomy is an effective and safe method for severe achalasia.Long-term efficacy and complications need further assessment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 801-805, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470252

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of full-thickness peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and circular myotomy for patients with severe achalasia.Methods The clinical data of 123 patients with severe achalasia who were admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from August 2011 to May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.Seventy patients who received full-thickness POEM were in the full-thickness myotomy group,and the other 53 patieuts who received circular myotomy were in the circular myotomy group.The clinical efficacies and incidences of complications of the 2 groups were compared.Patients in the 2 groups were followed up at the out-patient department till May 2014.The consecutive measurement data were presented by (x) ± s and analyzed using thc t test; the non-consecutive data were presented by M (range) and analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank test.Data before and after operation were compared using the repeated measure of analysis of variance.The count data were analyzed using the chi-square test.Results All the patients successfully received POEM.The operation time of the full-thickness myotomy group and the circular myotomy group were (57 ± 8)minutes and (63 ± 12)minutes,with significant difference between the 2 groups (t =3.421,P <0.05).The incidences of complications of the full-thickness myotomy group and the circular myotomy group were 14.3% (10/70) and 11.3% (6/53),with no significant difference between the 2 groups (x2=0.234,P >0.05).Atotal of 119 patients were followed up,with the median time of 18 months (range,12-24 months).The Eckardt scores at postoperative month 6 and 12 were 0 (range,0-3) and 0 (range,0-3) in the full-thickness myotomy group,and 0 (range,0-2) and 0 (range,0-3) in the circular myotomy group,with no significant difference between the 2 groups (Z =0.525,1.476,P > 0.05).The sussess rates of the full-thickness myotomy group and the circular myotomy group were 98.6% (69/70) and 98.1% (52/53),with no significant difference between the 2 groups (x2=0.040,P > 0.05).The diameters of the esophagus at postoperative month 6 of the full-thickness myotomy group and the circular myotomy group were (3.2 ± 0.3) cm and (3.4 ± 0.4) cm,with no significant difference between the 2 groups (t =1.927,P > 0.05).The diameters of the esophagus at postoperative month 6 and 12 were significantly lesser than (5.9 ± 1.0) cm and (5.9 ± 1.0) cm before operation (F =780.923,493.018,P < 0.05).No recurrence was detected in the 2 groups during the follow-up.Conclusion The short-term efficacy and incidence of complications of full-thickness myotomy and circular myotomy are comparable,while the operation time of patients who received full-thickness myotomy is shorter.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 527-530, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456868

ABSTRACT

Background:There have been several studies about peroral endoscopic myotomy( POEM)for treating esophageal achalasia( EA). Although the feasibility,safety and effectiveness of POEM have been demonstrated,comparative studies of full-thickness and circular muscle myotomy were rare. Aims:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of POEM for treating patients with EA. Methods:A total of 216 patients with EA admitted from Aug. 2011 to Nov. 2013 at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were treated with POEM,of whom 133 received full-thickness myotomy and 83 received circular muscle myotomy. Data about Eckardt ’s score, diameter of esophageal lumen, intra- and post-operative complications and recurrence before and/or during periodical follow-up were collected,and the efficacy of full-thickness and circular muscle myotomy was compared. Results:All the 216 patients successfully underwent POEM with an average operation time of 59. 1 minutes. Average length of tunnel and myotomy were 13. 3 cm and 10. 1 cm,respectively. Symptoms remitted in all of the 216 patients,Eckardt’s score decreased significantly,diameter of esophageal lumen was reduced(pre-treatment vs. 6 months after treatment,53. 7 mm vs. 30. 8 mm,P0. 05). Conclusions:POEM is an effective and safe method for treating EA. Full-thickness myotomy did not increase the operation time and procedure-related complications, however,its long-term efficacy and complications need to be further assessed.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 661-664, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457627

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate aberrations of bcl-6,p53,c-myc genes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its clinical significance.Methods Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) was detected in 59 DLBCL patients in vivo tissue bcl-6,p53 protein,c-myc gene status.The patients were treated with CHOP or R-CHOP chemotheralpy,and the survival rates and treatment efficiency were compared.Results The p53 deletion was detected in 18 of the 59 cases (30.5 %),bcl-6 rearrangement in 11 cases (18.6 %),5 cases with c-myc rearrangement (8.5 %).In the aspects of remission rate,p53 deletion positive group contained less advantage than negative ones (33.3 % vs 75.6 %,x2 =9.560,P =0.002).The prognosis of bcl-6 gene rearrangement positive group different from negative group,but the difference was not statistically significant (OS,P =0.107; PFS,P =0.094),p53 deletion positive patients was in significantly worse prognosis than the negative group (OS,P =0.031; PFS,P =0.028),c-myc rearrangement positive group difference in gene rearrangement negative group,but the difference was not statistically significant (OS,P =0.163; PFS,P =0.167).In the CHOP group,prognosis of p53 deletion,c-myc rearrangement positive group were significantly worse than the negative group,the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).In R-CHOP group,the prognostic significance of bcl-6 gene rearrangement positive group were worse (OS,P =0.003; PFS,P =0.007).Conclusion DLBCL patients with bcl-6,p53,c-myc genes aberrations are related with poor prognosis,and they can be used as prognostic factors for predicting DLBCL and guiding therapy.

16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 825-829, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in colonoscopy examination.@*METHODS@#We randomized 349 patients to undergo colonoscopy with insufflation of air (n=175) or CO(2) (n=174). At colonoscopy, p (ET CO(2)) was observed at 4 time points: before the exam, arrived caecum, back rectum, and after the exam. Patient's experience of pain in the end and after the examination at 1, 3, 6, and 24 h was registered using a visual analog scale (VAS). Sedation was not used routinely.@*RESULTS@#The groups were similar in age, sex, inspection time, and caecal intubation rate (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in p (ET CO(2)) values between the 2 groups before and after the procedure (all P>0.05). VAS scores in the CO(2) group at various time points after the examination were significantly lower than those in the air group (all P<0.05). The percent of VAS scores of 0 in the CO(2) group after 1, 3, 6, and 24 h was significantly higher than that in the air group (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Injection of CO(2) for colonoscopy will not cause CO(2) retention, and it may significantly reduce the pain, which is safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Blood Gas Monitoring, Transcutaneous , Carbon Dioxide , Colonoscopy , Methods , Safety
17.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 905-909, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the hemostatic efficacy and safety of endoscopic band ligation(EBL) and endoscopic hemoclip placement(EHP) for bleeding due to Dieulafoy lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract.@*METHODS@#Between February 2004 and October 2006, 34 patients with Dieulafoy lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract were prospectively enrolled,including 22 cases of lesions in the stomach,10 in gastrointestinal stoma,and 2 in duodenal, who were randomly assigned to undergo EBL (n=16) or EHP (n=18). The therapeutic results of these 2 groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The median number of O-ring or hemoclip required in the EBL group and the EHP group was similar. The rate of primary haemostasis,recurrent bleeding,transfer into surgery, complications, and average stay and blood transfusion requirements did not significantly differ in the 2 groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, no significant differences are detected in the efficacy and the safety of EBL vs. EHP for bleeding due to Dieulafoy lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Methods , Gastric Mucosa , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , General Surgery , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Methods , Ligation , Methods , Prospective Studies , Surgical Instruments
18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681979

ABSTRACT

0.05), but the rate in eradicating varices after the first treatment session was significantly higher(66.7% vs. 10.0%, P 0.05); the comparison of the Kaplan Meier estimate of survival did not show any statistically significant differences in the two groups. Conclusions The sandwich method leads to longer retention of sclerosant in varices and is far superior to EVL alone with respect to the rate in eradicating varices after the first treatment session and prevention of rebleeding and variceal recurrence. The study shows the sandwich method is the optimal endoscopic method for the treatment of EVB.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573353

ABSTRACT

0.05),but the rate of recurrent bleeding in EBL group was significantly lower than that in EIS group (6.3% vs. ~40.0% , P0.05). Conclusions EBL is an effective and safe ~endoscopic treatment for hemorrhagic Dieulafoy's lesion.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology ; (6)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543710

ABSTRACT

Objective: To itvestigate the effect of Antidepressant on refractory irritable bowel syndrome(IBS).Methods: A self-control study of subclincal dosage of antidepressants therapy(fluoxetine 10mg/d or paroxetine 10mg/d) for 12 weeks in 46 patients with refractory IBS was performed.The clinical outcomes were evaluated by indexs of symptom severity and symptom frequency and the score of Hamiton depession scale(HAMD) and Hamiton anxiety(HAMA).Results: All 46 cases completed the therapy.After the course of treatment,indexes of symptom severity and symptom frequency and the scores of HAMD and HAMA were significantly lower than those before treatment(P

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