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International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 204-207, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432498


Objective To research the therapeutic effect of vitamin E in prevention and treatment of anemia in premature children.Methods We investigated 90 cases of premature children admitted to the neonatal ward of our hospital from December 2010 to December 2011.According to hospital successively order these premature were randomly divided into control group (Group A),high-dose group (Group B),low-dose group (Group A).Group A including 30 cases,subcutaneous injection of erythropoietin(EPO) from the 7th days after admission,750IU/kg weekly for 3 times,for 4 weeks.At the same time,plus iron 6mg/(kg·d).On the basis of the above-mentioned control treatment,oral administration of different doses of vitamin E was in the treatment group,for 4 weeks.Group B including 30 cases was given vitamin E 15mg/(kg·d).Group C including 30 cases was given vitamin E 2.5mg/(kg· d).The changes of each group during the treatment in hematocrit (Hct),hemoglobin(Hb),red blood cell(RBC),reticulocyte(Ret) and the changes of serum concentrations of vitamin E before and after treatment were observed.Results Hct,Hb,RBC,Ret in group B,group C patients were both improved.The improvement of the indicators was better than that of group A (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the improvement of each index of Group B and Group C(P > 0.05).Serum concentrations of vitamin E after treatment in group B and group C patients were significantly higher and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05).Serum concentration of vitamin E in group A didn't increase obviously.Conclusion Additional small doses of VitE should be given during EPO prevention of anemia in premature children.