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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1342-1348, Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds seeded with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery after acute complete spinal cord injury. METHODS: The fibroin and collagen were mixed (mass ratio, 3:7), and the composite scaffolds were produced. Forty rats were randomly divided into the Sham group (without spinal cord injury), spinal cord injury group (spinal cord transection without any implantation), collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds group (spinal cord transection with implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds), and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (spinal cord transection with the implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds co-cultured with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells). Motor evoked potential, Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale, modified Bielschowsky's silver staining, and immunofluorescence staining were performed. RESULTS: The BBB scores in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group were significantly higher than those in the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The amplitude and latency were markedly improved in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). Meanwhile, compared to the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups, more neurofilament positive nerve fiber ensheathed by myelin basic protein positive structure at the injury site were observed in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (p<0.01, p<0.05). The results of Bielschowsky's silver staining indicated more nerve fibers was observed at the lesion site in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.01, p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that the transplantation of human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on a collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds could promote nerve regeneration, and recovery of neurological function after acute spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroins , Spinal Cord , Umbilical Cord , Collagen , Recovery of Function , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prescription rules in treating liver cirrhosis's based on poison phlegm blood stasis and deficiency. Method: Clinical data of patients, who had been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis, was gathered. The data had been extracted, transformed and loaded through data integration and remittance, then, the data was analyzed by data classification, association, clustering and other large data analysis methods. Results: The prescription rules based on poison phlegm blood stasis and deficiency showed that according to medication frequency, detoxification drugs commonly used ArtemisiacapillarisThunb, Coptis chinensis Franch, Forsythia suspensa, Hedyotis diffusa Willd, and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, eliminating phlegm drugs commonly used Semen Coicis, Citrus aurantium L, Pinellia ternate, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim, removeing blood stasis drugs commonly used Radix Salviae Miltiorrhiae, Radix Curcumae, Rhizoma Curcumae, Herba Lycopi and Pollen Typhae, reinforcing deficiency drugs commonly used Poria, Carapax Trionycis, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Radix Astragali seu Hedysari and Radix Codonopsis (Radix Pseudostellariae) . The selection of herbal medicine for poison in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is not only cold in property, bitter in flavor, but also converges to liver, gallbladder, spleen and stomach channel.The selection of herbal medicine for phlegm in TCM is not only warm in property, pungent in flavor, but also converges to spleen and lung channel. The selection of herbal medicine for blood stasis in TCM is not only cold in property, bitter in flavor, but also converges to liver, heart and spleen channel. The selection of herbal medicine for deficiency in TCM is not only mild in property, sweet in flavor, but also converges to spleen, liver and kidney channel. Conclusion: The syndrome differentiation and treatment of liver cirrhosis in Liver Institute of Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese are mainly based on poison phlegm blood stasis and deficiency.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752044

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to optimize the extraction process of Aesculi. The extraction process of Aesculi wasoptimized through orthogonal experiment while the transfer rate of escin Ia and escin Ib. And the yield of dry extract. wasadopted as marks. And ratio of solid to liquid, the ethanol concentration, extraction time and extraction temperature werestudies. The results showed that optimized extraction conditions of Aesculi were determined as follows. The ratio of solidto liquid was 1: 10, the ethanol concentration was 70%, extracted for 20 minutes ever stage and the extractiontemperature was 60℃. It was concluded that the extraction process is efficacious for general flavone and icariinextraction. The method is suitable for the standardized production technology of Aesculi.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1617-1622, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667566

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the optimized tree shrews model of Alzheimer's disease through comparison of the pathology changes of brain neurons between the two kinds of tree shrew models.Methods Fifty tree shrews were randomly divided into five groups with 10 in each group:control group,high dose D-galactose combined with ibotenic acid (IBO) group,low dose D-galactose combined with IBO group [intraperitoneal injection D-galactose combined with IBO injection into bilateral basal nucleus of Meynert (BNM)],high dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group,and low dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group (injection into bilateral BNM).Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of brain neurons.The expressions of choline acetyltransterase (ChAT) and synaptophysin(SYP) in the brains were detected by immunohistochemical staining.Western blot was used to detect the expression of amyloid beta 1-42 (Aβ1-42),amyloid precursor protein (APP) and phosphorylated tau protein (p-tau).Results The HE staining showed there were different degrees of morphological changes in the brains of model groups.The changes in the high dose D-galactose and high dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group were more obvious than those in low dose D-galactose and Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group.Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the levels of ChAT and SYP in the model groups decreased compared with control group,and the decline in high dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group was more marked than that in low dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group(P <0.01).Western blot revealed that the levels of Aβ1-42,APP,p-tau in the model groups increased compared with control group,and the rise in high dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group was more apparent than that in low dose Aβ25-35 combined with IBO group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).Conclusion The method of modeling by Aβ25-35 combined with IBO injection into bilateral BNM is more suitable for the establishment of Alzheimer's disease model.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528553

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the expression of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer(EMMPRIN) and endothelin converting enzymes(ECE) in non-small-cell lung carcinoma(NSCLC),and their relationship with lymphoid metastasis and prognosis.METHODS: Expression of EMMPRIN and ECE in 77 cases of patients with NSCLC was detected immunohistochemically.The relationship of the expression of EMMPRIN and ECE with tumor size,histological type,differentiation,lymphoid metastasis,clinical stage,and prognosis were analyzed.RESULTS: The expressive rate of EMMPRIN and ECE was 66% and 45%, respectively.The expression of EMMPRIN and ECE was associated positively with lymphoid metastasis(both P0.05).The expression of EMMPRIN was associated with the expression of HGF in NSCLC(P

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