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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452292

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of interventional occlusion with thin waist occluder for perimembranous ventricular septal defect with pseudoaneurysm. Methods During the period from March 2008 to March 2013 at Shanghai Yodak Cardiothoracic Hospital , interventional occlusion with thin waist occluder was carried out in a total of 96 patients with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) complicated by pseudoaneurysm. The patient’s age varied from 2 years to 36 years. Before the procedure, routine left ventricular angiography and ascending aortic angiography were carried out. Left ventricular angiography and ascending aortic angiography as well as the transthoracic ultrasonography were performed immediately after the procedure to observe the therapeutic results. Follow-up checkups with transthoracic ultrasonography, EKG and chest X-ray film were conducted at one week as well as at one, 3, 6 and 9 months after the surgery were conducted. Results Successful occlusion of VSD was obtained in 93 patients, with a success rate of 96.8% (93/96). After the surgery, small amount of shunt flow was detected in 8 patients, which disappeared within 48 hours in 7 patients, and in the other one the shunt flow disappeared one month later which was confirmed by follow-up examination. After the treatment, complete right bundle branch block occurred in 4 patients, complete left bundle branch block in 5 patients, and transientⅢdegree atrioventricular block in one patient. The conduction block disappeared at the time of discharge in all patients. The left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) decreased from preoperative (47.5 ± 5.2) mm to postoperative (45.2 ± 5.1) mm, the difference was statistically significant (t = 18.33, P < 0.01). During the follow-up period lasting for 9 months, no delayed cardiac arrhythmia, valve damage or sudden death occurred. Conclusion For the treatment of perimembranous ventricular septal defect with pseudoaneurysm, interventional occlusion with thin waist occluder is safe and effective with excellent mid-term effect. Based on the imaging findings, including the location, shape, ruptured orifice, number of the perimembranous pseudoaneurysm as well as the distance between the pseudoaneurysm and the aortic valve, to select suitable occluder and proper occlusion site is the key to ensure a successful surgery.

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