Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Add filters

Year range
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815121


To investigate the effect of jianpi-jiedu (JPJD) prescription-contained serum on colorectal cancer SW48 cell proliferation and the underlying mechanisms.
 Methods: Crude extract from JPJD was made by water extract method and the main components of crude extract from JPJD were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid phase high resolution time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS). The low, medium, and high-concentration of JPJD-contained serum were prepared by the serum pharmacological method. The effect of serum containing JPJD on SW48 cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. The cell cycle was detected by flow cytometric method. The protein levels of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phospho-mTOR, P-P53, and -P21, and the mRNA level of mTOR were examined by Western blot and RT-PCR, respectively.
 Results: Seven compounds including calycosin-7-glucoside, astragaloside, ginsenoside-Re, ginsenoside-Rb1, glycyrrhizinic acid, apigenin, atractylenolide-II were identified. MTT assays demonstrated that the SW48 cell proliferation was inhibited by medium and high concentration of JPJD-contained serum and the percentages of cells at G1 phase in SW48 cell cultured in the medium and high concentration of JPJD serum group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the levels of mTOR mRNA and phospho-mTOR protein in the medium and high concentration of JPJD serum groups were substantially lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conversely, the expressions of phospho-P53 and P21 protein were significantly increased in the medium and high concentration of JPJD serum group compared with those in the control group.
 Conclusion: JPJD prescription-contained serum can inhibit SW48 cell proliferation, which may be related to mTOR-P53-P21 signaling pathways.

Animals , Apigenin , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Division , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Ginsenosides , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Humans , Lactones , Phosphorylation , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Saponins , Sesquiterpenes , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Triterpenes , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815094


To investigate the effect of the jianpi-jiedu formula (JPJD) on the expression of angiogenesis-relevant genes in colon cancer.
 Methods: Crude extract was obtained from JPJD by water extract method. The effect of JPJD crude extract on colon cancer cell proliferation capacity was determined by MTT assays. The IC50 value was calculated by GraphPad Prism5 software. Affymetrix gene expression profiling chip was used to detect significant differences in expressions of genes after JPJD intervention, and pathway enrichment analysis was performed to analyze the differentially expressed genes. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software was applied to analyze differentially expressed genes relevant to tumor angiogenesis based on mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway and then the network diagram was built. Western blot was used to verify the protein levels of key genes related to tumor angiogenesis.
 Results: JPJD crud extract inhibited the proliferation capacity in colon cancer cells. The IC50 values in 24, 48, and 72 hours after treatment were 13.060, 9.646 and 8.448 mg/mL, respectively. The results of chip showed that 218 genes significantly upgraded, and 252 genes significantly downgraded after JPJD treatment. Most of the genes were related to the function of biosynthesis, metabolism, cell apoptosis, antigen extraction, angiogenesis and so on. There were 12 differentially expressed angiogenesis genes. IPA software analysis showed that the JPJD downregulated expression of sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 3 (SMPD3), VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), integrin subunit alpha 1 (ITGA1), cathepsin B (CTSB), and cathepsin S (CTSS) genes, while upregulated expressions of GAB2 and plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor (PLAUR) genes in the colorectal cancer cell. Western blot results demonstrated that JPJD obviously downregulated expressions of phospho-mTOR (P-mTOR), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and VEGF proteins, while obviously upregulated the level of phospho-P53 (P-P53) protein.
 Conclusion: JPJD may inhibit colorectal tumor angiogenesis through regulation of the mTOR-HIF-1α-VEGF signal pathway.

Animals , Blotting, Western , Cathepsin B , Metabolism , Cathepsins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Down-Regulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Profiling , Methods , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Integrin alpha Chains , Metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Genetics , Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator , Metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase , Metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 44-46, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477031


Objective To study the effect of dexmedetomidine in the functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) on the recovery period of general anesthesia. Methods Fifteen min before the end of surgery, 40 FESS patients were treated with intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine at 0.6μg/kg. The occurrence of cough response, degree of pain and agitation in patients were observed. Result The response score of choking cough of the patients with intravenous infusion of dexmedetomiindine was (1.2 ± 0.5), the score of VSA was (1.9 ± 0.5), and the degree of agitation was (1.2 ± 0.4). Conclusion For those undergoing FESS, postoperative use of dexmedetomidine 15 min before the end of surgery, can not only have an effective effect for reducing the incidence of choking cough and agitation and but also decrease the pain degree so that the patients can live through the general anesthesia recovery period.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435554


BACKGROUND:Hidden blood loss is an important risk for the intertrochanteric fracture patients, especial y the elderly patients, which can cause anemia in patients after internal fixation and can affect wound healing and patient recovery. OBJECTIVE:To compare the perioperative hidden blood loss and the risk factors of proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedul ary nail internal fixation and dynamic hip screw fixation for the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS:We selected 70 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture patients who treated with proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedul ary nail and dynamic hip screw fixation, including 21 patients with the age ≥ 80 years and 49 patients with the age30 kg/m2 and 42 patients with the body mass index ≤ 30 kg/m2;30 patients received anti-rotation intramedul ary nail internal fixation and 40 patients received dynamic hip screw fixation. The perioperative blood loss was calculated with Gross formula according to the changes of height, body mass index and the hematocrit before and after fixation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The mean total blood loss was 936 mL, the mean dominant blood loss was 237 mL and the mean hidden blood loss was 699 mL. The hidden blood loss was accounted for 74.7%in total blood loss. The dominant blood loss in the dynamic hip screw fixation group was higher than that in the anti-rotation intramedul ary nail internal fixation group, and the hidden blood loss was lower than the anti-rotation intramedul ary nail internal fixation group. The total blood loss and the hidden blood loss of the elderly patients were higher than those of the non-elderly patients;there was no significant difference between male and female patients, obesity and normal patients. The results indicate that hidden blood loss is the major reason for total blood loss of femoral intertrochanteric fracture after internal fixation. The hidden blood loss of anti-rotation intramedul ary nail internal fixation is larger than that of dynamic hip screw fixation, and elder is the risk factor for hidden blood loss.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412763


Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of low dose fentanyl combined to ropivacaine in subarachnoid block for cesarean section.Methods Eighty patients with ASA physical status Ⅰ and Ⅱscheduled to undergo cesarean section for delivery were randomly allocated to receiving spinally mixture none fentanyl ( group R),5 μg fentanyl ( group F5 ), 10 μg fentanyl ( group F10 ), and 15μg fentanyl ( group F15 ), combined with 1%ropivacaine 1 ml and 10% glucose 1 ml respectively,after combined spinal-epidural anesthesia puncture was applied at the L2~3 interspace.Heart rate, blood pressure, the onset and recovery time of the sensory and motor block,time to the highest level and the highest level of sensory block, time to the maximal extent and the maximal extent of the motor block were recorded at regular intervals.The adverse effects were sought during and after surgery.Neonatal outcome was assessed using Apgar score.Results The recovery of sensory block was prolonged significantly in group F10 and group F15 than in group R and group F5.Conclusion Ropivacaine with 10μg fentanyl is safe and effective in subarachnoid block for cesarean section.

China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521976


OBJECTIVE:To study the preparation and quality control of compound doxepin hydrochloride cream.METHO DS:The compound cream was prepared with doxepin hydrochloride and triamcinolone acetonide,and the contents were determinated by UV-spectrophotometry and HPLC respectively.RESULTS:The calibration curves were linear in the range of the concentrations of the experiment respectively,r=0.9999.CONCLUSION:The method is simple,accurate and suitable for the quality control of this preparation.