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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 41-46, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805982

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore effects of histone deacetylase inhibitor Belinostat on the immunologic function of dendritic cells (DC) and its possible mechanism.@*Methods@#Cultured mouse bone marrow-derived DC from C57BL/6 mouse in vitro. The experiments were divided into 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat + immature DC (imDC) group, and 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat mature DC (mDC). The changes of the ultrastructure of DC were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Immunophenotype and CCR7 expression rate were detected by FCM, and the migration rate was observed by chemotaxis assay. The proliferation of lymphocytes stimulated by different DC was detected by mixed lymphocyte culture reaction. The cytokines in the culture supernatant, including TNF-α, IL-12 and IL-10, were examined by ELISA. RQ-PCR was used to examine the relative expression of mRNA in RelB.@*Results@#Successful cultured and identified the qualified imDC and mDC. Belinostat decreased the expression of CCR7 on imDC [(25.82±7.25)% vs (50.44±5.61)% and (18.71±2.00)% vs (50.44±5.61)%], meanwhile increased the rate on mDC [(71.14±1.96)% vs (64.90±1.47)%]. Chemotaxis assay showed that the migration rate of Belinostat+imDC and Belinostat+mDC group were both decreased, but the difference in imDC was not significant. T lymphocyte proliferation rate stimulated by 100 nmol/L Belinostat+imDC group was lower than imDC group in condition irritation cell∶reaction cell=1∶2 [(227.09±13.49)% vs (309.49±53.69)%]. Belinostat significantly suppressed the secretion of cytokines TNF-α, IL-12 and IL-10 (all P<0.01). The relative expression of mRNA in RelB was slightly decreased in Belinostat+imDC and Belinostat+mDC group (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Belinostat could effectly suppress DC maturation and regulate immune tolerance of DC, which may be due to the down-regulation of mRNA level of RelB in DC.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606976

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow necrosis has unspecific clinical features, which is often misdiagnosed or missed due to a lack of the knowledge of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To improve the awareness and vigilance to bone marrow necrosis, and to further explore the clinical manifestations, hematological characteristics, pathogenesis and treatment of bone marrow necrosis. METHODS: The bone marrow necrosis, hematologic neoplasms, solid tumor, bone marrow puncture, bone marrow pathology in Chinese and English served as the search terms to search articles related to bone marrow necrosis in PubMed and Wanfang databases, published from 1941 to 2016. Totally 43 articles were selected for review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Bone marrow necrosis is a rare complication caused by various diseases, clinically characterized by bone pain, fever, anemia, and nucleated red cells and immature neutrophilic leukocytes in the blood smear. Bone marrow aspiration and/or bone marrow biopsy show(s) necrotic features. Its pathogenesis is complex, and it is still poorly understood and needs further research. There is no good treatment for bone marrow necrosis, and the prognosis is poor. Early correct diagnosis and etiological treatment are crucial for the prognosis of bone marrow necrosis.With the improvement of disease awareness, bone marrow cytology, genetics, MRI and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, bone marrow necrosis is expected to get a better prognosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 460-464, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the sensitivity of imatinib (IM) on Sup-B15 Ph+ acute lmphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells indused by stromal cells OP9, and to further explore its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study is divided into two group, Sup-B15 cells group and co-cultured with OP9 cells group (Sup-B15/OP9 group). The inhibitory effects of IM on leukemia cells were measured by CCK-8 test, and the apoptosis by Annexin Ⅴ/7-AAD dyeing and the percentage of CD 34+CD38- leukemia cells were determined by flow cytometry. ALDH1, CD144, and β-catenin mRNA were detected by real-time RT-PCR, protein levels by Western blot. Inmunoprecipitation was used to detect the level of β-catenin connected to CD144.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IM presented inhibitory effects on Sup-B15 and Sup-B15/OP9 cells at multiple concentrations from 10 μmol/L to 45 μmol/L. The IC50 of IM on Sup-B15/OP and Sup-B15 cells were 35.8 μmol/L and 6.3 μmol/L, respectively (P<0.05). After 24 h of 30 μmol/L IM treatment, the percentages of apoptosis cells in Sup-B15/OP9 and Sup-B 15 cell were (14.24 ± 2.11)% and (3.45 ± 0.68)%, respectively (P<0.05). The percentage of CD34+CD38- cells in Sup-B15/OP9 group was significantly higher than that in Sup-B15 group [(3.42 ± 0.28)% vs (0.16 ± 0.15)%, P<0.05]. As compared to Sup-B15 cells, the transcription of ALDH1 in Sup-B15/OP9 group was remarkably upregulated (0.097 ± 0.012 vs 0.046 ± 0.010, P<0.05), and the CD133 protein level was also upregulated in Sup-B15/OP9 group. The transcription of CD144 in Sup-B15/OP9 group was remarkably upregulated compared with Sup-B15 group (0.103 ± 0.015 vs 0.010±0.003, P<0.05), as well as the CD144 protein. β-catenin mRNA transcription has no obvious changes between Sup-B15 group and Sup-B15/OP9 group (P>0.05), while the whole β-catenin protein and the cell nucleus β-catenin significantly increased, as well as the β-catenin protein combined with CD144.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Co-cultured with OP9 cells, Sup-B15 cells show less sensitivity to imatinib. The raising activity of CD144 and CD144/β-catenin signaling may work in this procession.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Philadelphia Chromosome , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Signal Transduction , Stromal Cells , beta Catenin
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 570-574, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of up-regulation of Rap1GAP on the invasion ability of leukemic HL-60 cells in vitro, and to establish leukemia mouse model to verify the effects in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot methods were used to detect the expression of Rap1GAP in Venus/HL-60 (vehicle control) and Rap1GAP/HL-60 cells (R1 andR2). Transwell method was used to examine the invasion ability in vitro. Quantitative RT-PCR and gelatin zymograph were used to study the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Four-week-old BALB/c nu/nu mice were pre-treated and inoculated with leukemic cells from different groups, several index including survival time were then monitored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rap1GAP mRNA level of R1 and R2 increased about 16-17 folds as compared to the control cells. The invasion rate of R1 and R2 are (55 ± 5)% and (59 ± 4)%, which are significantly higher than (14 ± 4)% of the control cells. The mRNA level of MMP-9 was up-regulated about 12.0 folds in R1 and R2 cells compared to the corresponding control cells. The median survival times of R1 and R2 mice are (32.00 ± 1.85) d and (33.37 ± 2.50) d, respectively, which are shorter than (43.62 ± 2.32) d of the control group. Three mice of R1 and R2 groups showed leukemic cells infiltration in meninges tissue, and the genes of Rap1GAP and MMP-9 were amplified by PCR method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Up-regulated expression of Rap1GAP increased the invasion ability of HL-60 cells accompanied with enhancement of MMP-9 expression in vitro, and the experiment in mouse model also confirmed that Rap1GAP enhanced the invasion of HL-60 cells in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , GTPase-Activating Proteins , Metabolism , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Invasiveness , RNA, Messenger , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 125-130, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the expression and significance of miRNAs and Th17 related cytokines in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 27 MM patients and 8 health controls were enrolled in this study. The expression of miR-15a/16,miR-34a,miR-194-2-192 cluster and miR-181a/b in bone marrow were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of Th17 related cytokines interleukin-17 (IL-17), IL-21, IL-22, IL-23 and IL-27 in peripheral blood plasma. The role of miRNAs and Th17 related cytokines was analyzed in the development of MM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of miR-15a/16,miR-34a,miR-194-2-192 cluster in MM patients were significantly lower than those of the health controls, while miR-181a/b were exactly the reverse (P<0.05). The levels of IL-17, IL-21 and IL-27 were up-regulated in MM patients compared to health controls while IL-22 was down-regulated (P<0.05). There was no significant difference of IL-23 between the two groups. The levels of miRNAs and Th17 related cytokines had associated with ISS but not with some clinical parameters (such as gender, age, disease classification). Higher expression of IL-17, IL-21, IL-23, IL-27, miR-181a/b and lower expression of miR-15a/16,miR-34a,miR-194 and IL-22 were observed in the end stage than the early stage of MM patients (P<0.05). There was a significant correlation between miRNAs and Th17 related cytokines.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Up-regulated IL-17, IL-21 and IL-27 may potentially down-regulate the expression of several miRNAs in MM patients. Establishment of the relationship may be useful for understanding the pathogenesis of MM and for clinical diagnosis of the disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Down-Regulation , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , MicroRNAs , Multiple Myeloma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Th17 Cells , Up-Regulation
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 206-209, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy of high-dose dexamethasone in combination with low-dose rituximab as a second-line treatment for patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>65 patients with ITP, previously by conventional dose of glucocorticoids, received high-dose dexamethasone in combination with low-dose rituximab (dexamethasone 40 mg/d for 4 days, rituximab 100 mg, d 7, 14, 21, 28 intravenous infusion). Treatment response, regulatory T cells (Treg), cytokines levels and treatment-related adverse effects were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total response rate 1 month after treatment was achieved in 81.5% (53/65) of patients, and complete response at 3,6 and 12 months was 72.3% (47/65), 66.2%(43/65), 63.1%(41/65). The higher efficiency and complete response rate was achieved in preexisting glucocorticoid-dependent patients. For patients with complete response, Treg cells continued to show a high level state [(3.01 ± 0.95)% vs (1.69 ± 0.35)%, P=0.032], cytokines of BAFF [(648.03 ± 79.63) ng/L vs (972.35 ± 93.64) ng/L, P=0.001], IL-2 [(2.84 ± 0.32) ng/L vs (4.18 ± 0.46) ng/L, P=0.012], sCD40L[(4.55 ± 0.66) ng/L vs (7.73 ± 1.04) ng/L, P=0.006] significantly lower than that before treatment. The level of IL-10 was increased, but without significance compared with that before treatment (P=0.136). All patients completed the protocol with no serious adverse reactions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The data show high-dose dexamethasone in combination with low-dose rituximab still has a satisfactory outcomes for patients previously with conventional dose of glucocorticoid.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Cytokines , Dexamethasone , Drug Combinations , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Rituximab , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The principal deterrent to the success for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the complications after transplantation. The complications are associates with the conditioning regimens in the early stage. The highly-effective preparative regimens of proper dose and low-toxicity are the key to the successful HSCT.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the curative effects and regimen related toxicity (RRT) of high-dose alkylating-agent-based chemotherapy as conditioning regimens for HSCT in the patients with hematological malignancies.DESIGN: Controlled study with observation.SETTING: Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 patients with leukemia and lymphoma hospitalized at Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College from July 1997 to February 2006 were enrolled, including 31 males and 14 females. The median age was 31 years (from 7 to 52 years). The median course was 8 months (from 5 to 17 months) until transplantation.METHODS: Totally 45 patients with leukemia and lymphoma approached or got complete remission were treated by bone marrow transplantation and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation with preparative regimens of high-dose alkylating-agent-based chemotherapy. RRT was graded according to Bearman proposal, from grade 0 (no toxicity) to grade Ⅳ (fatal toxicity). The period of hematopoietic reconstitution, the rates of complete remission and relapse and disease-free survival were statistically observed in transplant recipients.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Occurrence of RRT as conditioning regimens.RESULTS: ①Five patients did not show any toxicity. The greatest toxicity of grade Ⅲ was uncommon (13%, 6/45). Most of the cases with RRT were in grade Ⅰ - Ⅱ and severe oases in grade Ⅲ were rare. In grade Ⅰ - Ⅱ, stomatocace and gastrointestinal toxicity were common respectively of 73% (33/45) and 51% (23/45) which were recovered in short time after treatment; Heart toxicity was rare and only in grade Ⅰ, most of which were tachyoardia and changes of ST-T shape. The increase of transaminase was common in the clinical manifestations of liver RRT except two cases of HVOD.There were four oases of HC, in which one was delayed. RRT on kidney, lungs and CNS was uncommon. ②Totally 43 patients engrafted gained hematopoietic reconstitution, 2 patients died of implant failure (4%). Within the median follow-up period of 37 (8-102) months, 10 patients relapsed, 5 patients died of transplantation-related complications and 28 patients were alive in a disease-free situation (62.2%). The cause of death within 100 days after transplantation was ordinal as acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), cytomegalovirus (CMV) interstitial pneumonia, disseminated infections,multiple organ failure and early relapses.CONCLUSION: Alkylating-agent-based conditioning regimens may be well tolerated with low toxicities for HSCT in leukemia and lymphoma.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The primary qualification of peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is the effective mobilization and harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. The mobilization efficacy is closely related to the selection of high-efficacy low-toxicity regimen, the timing of mobilization and harvesting as well.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of mitoxantone (MIT) combined with high-dose arabinosylcytosin (Ara-C),followed by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) alone or combination of G-CSF and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on mobilizing PBSCs in patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors.DESIGN: Controlled study with observation.SETTTNG: Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College.PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors admitted to Department of Hematology, Xuzhou Medical College from September 1998 to December 2006 were involved in this study. They were diagnosed according to FAB classification criteria and new WHO proposals. The involved patients, 25 male and 17 female, averaged 29 years ranging from 7 to 54 years and weighted (52±18) kg. Among them, 12 were patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia, 6 were patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 1 was patient with chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) at chronic phase, 15 were patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), 4 were patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), 2 was patient with multiple myeloma (MM), 2 were patients with advanced breast cancer. All the patients apprcached to or got complete remission after conventional chemotherapy. No tumor cell infiltration was observed in bone marrow cytological examination. The functions of the main organs such as heart, lung, liver and kidney,and so on, were normal. The patients underwent an average of 8-course chemotherapy before the mobilization. Informed consents of all the patients were obtained.METHODS: MIT was intravenously injected at 10 mg/(m2·d)for 2 to 3 days, then Ara-C was also intravenously injected at 2 g/m2 every 12 hours for 1 to 2 days. When white blood cell (WBC) count recovered from the lowest value, 5 to 7.5 μg/ (kg·d)G-CSF was applied in 20 patients for 3 to 5 days successively. And 5 to 7.5 μg/ (kg·d)G-CSF and 5 to 7 μ g/(kg·d)GM-CSF were applied in another 22 patients at 6:00 in the morning and in the evening, respectively. PBSCs harvesting started when WBC > 2.5×109 L-1, especially when CD34+ cells≥ 1%,WBC was doubly increased. Autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) were collected with CS3000 plus blood cell separator for detecting the level of CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets. CFU-GM assays were performed in a methyl-cellulose-based clonogenic assay.① MNCs mixed with FITC-labeled CD34+, CD3 and CD8 monoclonal antibodies as well as CD4 PE-labeled CD monoclonal antibody at 4 ℃ for 30 minutes. 5×105 cells were determined, and CD3 and CD34+ levels, CD4/CD8 were determined by flow cytometer.Colony forming unit-granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM) was determined with methyl cellulose. ② Related adverse reactions were observed after operation. ③ Aiming to different types of diseases,autologous PBSCs were back infused 36 to 48 hours after pre-disposal treatment. MNCs count and trypan-blue drying were done. Levels of CFU-GM and CD34+ cells were determined after unfreezing.MATN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Changes in CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets before and after mobilization. ② Postoperative related adverse reactions. ③ Back perfusion volume of autologous PBSCs (MNCs count, the number of CFU-GM and CD34+ cells).RESULTS: Forty-two involved patients participated in the final analysis. ① Changes in CD34+ cells and T lymphocyte subsets before and after mobilization: Without using hematopoietic growth factors (HGF), the percentage of CD34+ cells in peripheral blood of the patients was (0.054±0.032)%. After using G-CSF/GM-CSF treatment, it was (1.82±0.76)%,which was obviously increased compared with that of without using HGF (P < 0.001). The CD34+ cells and CFU-GM yields of 22 patients in C-CSF plus GM-CSF combination group [(8.76±3.39)×106/kg, (3.52±1.33)×105/kg, respectively]were significantly higher than those of 20 patients in G-CSF alone group [(6.12±2.11)×106/kg, (2.03±1.07)×105/kg,respectively (P < 0.05)]. There were no obvious changes of T lymphocyte subsets in the patients when using G-CSF/GM-CSF for some days except that CD34+ cells increased gradually (P > 0.05). ② Postoperative related adverse reactions: Ⅱ to Ⅲ degree hair-loss was seen in all the patients. Blood platelets dropped to (54.43±26.14)×109 L-1 at different degrees. Infective fevers (37.8 ℃ to 41.0 ℃) occurred in 21 patients. But they were controlled in short term after antibiotics treatment. All the side effects of G-CSF and GM-CSF were mild and reversible, easily controlled with paracetamol or steroids. Bone pain (mainly in lumbosacral region) occurred in 13 patients when WBC went up quickly. ③ Back perfusion volume of autologous PBSCs: PBSCs were cryopreserved at -80 ℃ without program control for 2.0 to 6.5 months. The cell recovery rate was (88.7±7.4) %. Trypan blue exclusion rate was (92.1±5.5) %. The back perfusion volume of MNCs, CD34+ cells and CFU-GM yields were (5.21±2.44)×108/kg, (6.89±3.55)×106/kg, (2.58±2.33)×105/kg,respectively. ④Circulation blood volume were 10 to 16 L (end-point separation blood volume were all above trebling TBV). Hematopoiesis was well reconstituted in 40 patients received autologous PBSCT.CONCLUSTON: MIT and high-dose Ara-C chemotherapy combined with both G-CSF alone and G-CSF plus GM-CSF can safely and effectively mobilize autologous PBSCs, while G-CSF plus GM-CSF is superior to G-CSF alone.Large-volume leukapheresis is an important method to enhance the productive rate of stem cells and decrease the times of harvesting.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554921

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of several imaging technology in the diagnosis of patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy.Methods Clinical and image findings of 11 cases of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy were retrospectively analyzed.9 patients were studied with MR,2 patients with MRA and DSA,3 patients with CT plain scan,and 1 patient with positron emission tomography (PET).Results CT and MR imaging showed multiple or migrating infarct-like lesions in 9 cases,mainly involving the posterior temporal and occipital regions which crossed vascular boundaries.Lesions were distributed in the temporo- occipital and parietal lobes in 7 cases,bilateral thalamus in 1 case,the brainstem,cerebellum,and the deep cerebral white matter in 1 case.Other lesions demonstrated as cerebellum atrophy in 1 case,syringomyelia in thoracic spinal cord in 1 case.PET showed the metabolic rate of glucose was elevated early in the acute phase and reduced in the recovery phase.Conclusion The examination combined with several imaging methods will help to improve the imaging diagnosis.

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