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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 18-25, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003762

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect of the extract of Liuwei Dihuangwan (LW) on mitochondrial damage in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) model of Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). MethodC. elegans transfected with human β-amyloid protein (Aβ) 1-42 gene was used as an AD model. The rats were divided into blank group, model group, metformin group (50 mmol·L-1), and low, medium, and high dose (1.04, 2.08, 4.16 g·kg-1) LW groups. Behavioral methods were used to observe the sensitivity of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in nematodes. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Aβ in nematodes. Total ATP content in nematodes was detected by the adenine nucleoside triphosphate (ATP) kit, and mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by the JC-1 method. In addition, the mRNA expression of Aβ expression gene (Amy-1), superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1), mitochondrial transcription factor A homologous gene-5 (HMG-5), mitochondrial power-associated protein 1 (DRP1), and mitochondrial mitoprotein 1 (FIS1) was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ResultThe extract of LW could reduce the hypersensitivity of the AD model of nematodes to exogenous 5-HT (P<0.05) and delay the AD-like pathological characteristics of hypersensitivity to exogenous 5-HT caused by toxicity from overexpression of Aβ in neurons of the AD model of nematodes. Compared with the blank group, in the model group, the mRNA expression of Aβ protein and Amy-1 increased (P<0.01), and the mRNA expression of SOD-1 and HMG-5 decreased (P<0.01). The mRNA expression of DRP1 and FIS1 increased (P<0.01), and the level of mitochondrial membrane potential decreased (P<0.05). The content of ATP decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the positive medicine group and medium and high dose LW groups, the mRNA expression of Aβ protein and Amy-1 decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the mRNA expression of SOD-1 and HMG-5 increased (P<0.01). The mRNA expression of DRP1 decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and that of FIS1 decreased (P<0.01). The level of mitochondrial membrane potential increased (P<0.01), and the content of ATP increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). ConclusionThe extract of LW may enhance the antioxidant ability of mitochondria, protect mitochondrial DNA, reduce the fragmentation of mitochondrial division, repair the damaged mitochondria, adjust the mitochondrial membrane potential, restore the level of neuronal ATP, and reduce the neuronal damage caused by Aβ deposition.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 830-834, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996625

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the clinical efficacy and learning curve of robot-assisted thymectomy via subxiphoid approach. Methods    The clinical data of patients with robot-assisted thymectomy surgery via subxiphoid approach performed by the same surgical team in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from February 2021 to August 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis and best fit curve were used to analyze the learning curve of this surgery. The general information and perioperative indicators of patients at different learning stages were compared to explore the impact of different learning stages on clinical efficacy of patients. Results    A total of 67 patients were enrolled, including 31 males and 36 females, aged 57.10 (54.60, 59.60) years. The operation time was 117.00 (87.00, 150.00) min. The best fitting equation of CUSUM learning curve was y=0.021 2x3–3.192 5x2 +120.17x–84.444 (x was the number of surgical cases), which had a high R2 value of 0.977 8, and the fitting curve reached the top at the 25th case. Based on this, the learning curve was divided into a learning period and a proficiency period. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in the proficiency stage were significantly shorter or less than those in the learning stage (P<0.001), and there was no statistical difference in thoracic drainage time and volume between the two stages (P>0.05). Conclusion    The learning process of robot-assisted thymectomy via subxiphoid approach is safe, and this technique can be skillfully mastered after 25 cases.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 409-415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of total flavonoids of Rhizoma Drynariae on learning and memory impairment mice induced by sodium nitrite. Methods:75 mice were divided into blank group, model group, Kangnaoshuai capsule group, Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group and Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids+inhibitor group according to the random number table method, with 15 mice in each group. The Kangnaoshui Capsule group was administered with Kangnaoshui Capsule 585 mg/kg, the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group was administered with the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids 97.5 mg/kg, the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group and the inhibitor group were administered with the Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids by intragastric administration 97.5 mg/kg, and intraperitoneal injection of 0.072 mg/kg ICI182780 for 21 days, once a day. The model was established on the 22nd day. Except for the blank group, the other mice were injected with sodium nitrite intraperitoneally to replicate the mice model with impaired learning and memory capability. The learning and memory capabilit of mice were detected with water maze method, and the estrogen receptor in hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry β (estrogen receptor β, ERβ). The expression of ERβ in hippocampus and the expression of phosphorylated P38 (P-P38) and the protein contents of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated death promoter (Bad) and Caspase-3 in the apoptotic system was detected by Western blot. The kit was used to detect MDA,SOD and NO protein content in hippocampus. Results:The latency of Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group was significantly shorter than the model group, the number of crossing platform and the residence time in the target quadrant were significantly increased ( P<0.01); The expression of ERβ Protein in mice hippocampus (0.371 ± 0.010 vs. 0.124 ± 0.009), Bcl-2 protein (1.146 ± 0.028 vs. 0.726 ± 0.016) and the contents of SOD [(153.657 ± 6.385) U/mg vs. (67.719±5.845) U/mg] increased significantly ( P<0.01); The expression of P-P38/P38 protein (0.412 ± 0.043 vs.0.806 ± 0.069), Bad protein (0.421 ± 0.010 vs.0.633 ± 0.010), Caspase-3 protein (0.923 ± 0.042 vs.1.437 ± 0.033), and the content of MDA [(8.669 ± 0.662) nmol/mg vs. (11.772 ± 1.054) nmol/mg] and NO [(4.259 ± 0.225) nmol/mg vs. (10.805 ± 0.415) nmol/mg] decreased significantly ( P<0.01). In addition, ER blocker can antagonize the above recovery and improvement effects of Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids group. Conclusion:Rhizoma Drynariae total flavonoids can regulate memory impairment, inhibit neuronal apoptosis and reduce oxidative stress in sodium nitrite model mice through ER-P38/MAPK signal pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1407-1413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953534

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death in China. Early screening of lung cancer proves to be effective in improving its prognosis. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) has updated and released version 2, 2022 NCCN clinical practice guidelines for lung cancer screening in July, 2022. Based on high-quality clinical evidence and the latest research progress, the guidelines have developed and updated criteria for lung cancer screening which have been widely recognized by clinicians around the world. Compared with Chinese lung cancer screening guidelines, this article will interpret the updated content of the brand new 2022 NCCN screening guidelines, providing some reference for the current lung cancer screening practice in our country.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1292-1298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 986-992, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907662

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Naringin on neuronal apoptosis in mice with memory consolidation disorderinduced by sodium nitrite.Methods:Fifty mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, standardized protocol group, high-dose Naringin group and low-dose Naringin group, with 10 mice in each group. The standardized protocol group was given Donepezil 1 mg/kg, the Naringin high and low dose groups were gavaged with Naringin solution 100 and 50 mg/(kg·d), blank group and model group were gavaged with equal volume of distilled water once a day for 21 days. The model was established on the 22nd day. The blank group was intraperitoneally injected with normal saline, and the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with 100 mg/(kg·d) sodium nitrite solution for 7 days. The cognitive ability of mice in each group was evaluated by platform jumping test, and the hippocampal synaptic structure was observed by electron microscope. The contents of acetylcholine (ACh), SOD, MDA and NO in hippocampus and the activity of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was detected by ELISA. The expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), glutamine receptor 2 (GluR), calcium/calmodulin dependent protease Ⅱ (CaMK Ⅱ), Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bad proteins in hippocampus of model mice were detected by Western blot.Results:The number and morphology of hippocampal neurons were normal, nucleus, mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum and synaptic membrane of hippocampal neurons in high-dose Naringin group were clear. Compared with the model group, the latency of mice in the high-dose Naringin group was prolonged and the number of errors was reduced ( P<0.01). The levels of MDA and NO in hippocampus of mice in the high-dose Naringin group significantly decreased ( P<0.01), and the activity of SOD significantly increased ( P<0.01). The content of ACh (23.682 ± 2.835 μg/mg prot vs. 14.939 ± 2.901 μg/mg prot), ChAT (163.302 ± 21.278 U/g vs. 89.612 ± 11.497 U/g) increased, AChE (0.367 ± 0.015 U/mg prot vs. 0.471 ± 0.014 U/mg prot) activity decreased ( P<0.01); The expression of Bad (0.441 ± 0.010 vs. 0.633 ± 0.010), Caspase-3 (0.425 ± 0.036 vs. 0.537 ± 0.024) significantly decreased, and the expression of Bcl-2 (0.890 ± 0.014 vs. 0.727 ± 0.009) significantly increased ( P<0.01); The expression of CAMKⅡ (1.043 ± 0.037 vs. 1.475 ± 0.043) significantly decreased ( P<0.01), and the expression of NMDAR1 (0.407 ± 0.037 vs. 0.345 ± 0.012), GluR2 (1.125 ± 0.033 vs. 0.664 ± 0.023) significantly increased ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Naringin could play the role of protecing the neuron and improving the cognition of mice with memory consolidation disorder by regulating the balance of ACh and glutamate system and reducing neuronal apoptosis and antioxidant stress.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1001-1004, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829196

ABSTRACT

@#In recent years, subxiphoid uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is one of the most important innovations in the field of mini-invasive thoracic surgery. Because it avoids the injury of intercostal nerve, previous studies have shown that it can significantly reduce the perioperative and long-term incision pain. The operation is technically more difficult, so the selection of patients is more strict compared with the traditional intercostal surgery. Some special surgical techniques are needed during the operation, and special lengthening instruments should be used. We hope that the experience described in this paper will be continuously supplemented and improved with the further development of this technique, and will produce greater reference value.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the special situation in subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery and summarize the treatment strategies.@*Methods@#In September 2014, the subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery was carried out. Up to now, our research team has completed more than 300 subxiphoid uniportal VATS operations, especially including 242 cases of subxiphoid uniportal VATS segmentectomy and 22 cases of subxiphoid uniportal VATS mediastinal tumor resection. Some special situations were encountered during the operation, including cardiac arrest, pericardial tamponade, innominate venous injury, severe arrhythmia, difficulty in positioning the lung segment, and difficulty in positioning the small nodule et al.@*Results@#Some patients changed the surgical procedure during surgery due to intraoperative emergencies such as severe arrhythmia, heart problems, intraoperative bleeding. Postoperative complications mainly included thoracotomy and hemostasis, continuous air leak after operation, pulmonary hematoma, arrhythmia, and no perioperative death.@*Conclusion@#Under the subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery is an important manifestation of the minimally invasive technique of the chest. It is safe and feasible to select suitable cases, master the thoracoscopic technique and special surgical techniques. Special situations during subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery should be known.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 659-663, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824867

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the special situation in subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery and summarize the treatment strategies.Methods In September 2014,the subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery was carried out.Up to now,our research team has completed more than 300 subxiphoid uniportal VATS operations,especially including 242 cases of subxiphoid uniportal VATS segmentectomy and 22 cases of subxiphoid uniportal VATS mediastinal tumor resection.Some special situations were encountered during the operation,including cardiac arrest,pericardial tamponade,innominate venous injury,severe arrhythmia,difficulty in positioning the lung segment,and difficulty in positioning the small nodule et al.Results Some patients changed the surgical procedure during surgery due to intraoperative emergencies such as severe arrhythmia,heart problems,intraoperative bleeding.Postoperative complications mainly included thoracotomy and hemostasis,continuous air leak after operation,pulmonary hematoma,arrhythmia,and no perioperative death.Conclusion Under the subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery is an important manifestation of the minimally invasive technique of the chest.It is safe and feasible to select suitable cases,master the thoracoscopic technique and special surgical techniques.Special situations during subxiphoid uniportal VATS surgery should be known.

10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 147-159, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776334

ABSTRACT

Background and objective As computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer becomes more common in China, so too does detection of pulmonary ground-glass nodules (GGNs). Although anumber of national or international guidelines about pulmonary GGNs have been published,most of these guidelines are produced by respiratory, oncology or radiology physicians, who might not fully understand the progress of modern minimal invasive thoracic surgery, and these current guidelines may overlook or underestimate the value of thoracic surgery in the management of pulmonary GGNs. In addition, the management for pre-invasive adenocarcinoma is still controversial. Based onthe available literature and experience from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, we composed this consensus about diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary GGNs. For lesions which are considered as adenocarcinoma in situ, chest thin layer CT scan follow-up is recommended and resection can only be adopt in some specific cases and excision should not exceed single segment resection. For lesions which are considered as minimal invasive adenocarcinoma, limited pulmonary resection or lobectomy is recommended. For lesions which are considered as early stage invasive adenocarcinoma, pulmonary resection is recommend and optimal surgical methods depend on whether ground glass component exist, location, volume and number of the lesions and physical status of patients. Principle of management of multiple pulmonary nodules is that primary lesions should be handled with priority, with secondary lesions taking into account.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , China , Consensus , Hospitals , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Physicians , Psychology , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 287-290, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442971

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression and content of decorin in fibroblasts of keloid to deeply reveal the mechenism and the role of decorin plays in scar formation.Methods Fibroblasts of keloid,normal scar and normal skin were cultured in vitro,and the morphology,activity,apoptosis of fibroblast were observed under light microscope and electron microscope; the mRNAs of decorin and TGF-β1 were detected and analyzed with real-time fluorescent quantitative-PCR (FQ-PCR).Results Fibroblasts of keloid showed irregular morphology,larger size and disorder arrangement.There were a large number of mitochondria,swelling rough endoplasmic reticulum,and euchromatin-rich in nucleus of fibroblasts,suggesting the protein synthesis of keloid fibroblast was very active.Compared with normal skin,the expression of decorin was significantly lower in keloid fibroblast; On the contrary,the expression of TGF-β1 was significantly higher in keloid fibroblast than in normal scar and normal skin.Conclusions Compared with normal skin,the expression of decorin in keloid fibroblast is significantly lower.Lower content of decorin in early stage of wound healing may induce weakly suppression of proliferation and synthesis of fibroblast,and up-regulate the activity of TGF-β1,which promotes the proliferation,migration and excessive collagen synthesis of the fibroblast of keloid.Thus,decorinis an suppressor factor of keloid formation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 38-40, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380205

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of cytokines for the scars,and to study the effect of platelet derived growth factor(PDGF)on the biological behavior of fibroblasts in scars.Methods Fibroblasts of scars and normal skins were cultured in vitro.The results were observed and analyzed by light inverted microscopy(LM),and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5 ciphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT)assay.The effects of PDGF on the biological behaviors of fibroblasts of scars were also determined. Results In vitro study,using LM,FCM and MTT assay,showed that proliferation of fibroblasts were inereased significantly when PDGF was added to the cultures,as compared to the control groups.Conclusions PDGF can increase fibroblast proliferation.These results demonstrate that PDGF is beneficial for wound healing at early stage.

13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1208-1212, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor is secreted and synthetized by a variety of cells, such as inflammatory calls and repairing calls, its biological effects are diverse and closely related to the process of wound repair, but its mechanism is not yet clear.OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of nerve growth factor on the biological characteristics of scar fibroblasts.METHODS: Eight clinical surgical resection specimens, including 5 face and neck hyperplastic scar or keloid specimens, did not receive any treatment; three were prepuce specimens following circumcision (normal tissue). By use of tissue block method, the scar and normal skin fibroblasts were cultured, followed by digestion passage. The scar tissue and normal tissue flbroblasts at 3-6passages in the logarithmic phase were seeded in 96-well plate and divided into the experimental group (scar flbroblest group) and the control group (normal skin fibroblasts group), with two parallel holes in each group were added with 3,33, 0.33 mg/L nerve growth factor, 50 μL. Inverted microscope was used to observe fibroblast morphology. At 24, 48, 72 hours after culture, the absorbanca value was measured using MTT. Fibroblast DNA content and cell apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The fibroblasts were adherent cells, the scar and normal skin tissues were shown to cell free out of tissue block and gradual expansion at 4-6 days after incubation. Compared with normal skin fibroblasts, the pathological scar fibroblasts became larger, irregular shape and arrangement. MTT results showed that nerve growth factor could promote the normal and hypertrophic scar fibroblasts growth, which becomes more apparent. Flow cytometry results showed that by adding nerve growth factor, the percentage of scar fibroblasts at proliferating S-G_2-M phase was higher than that in the control;group; with a Iower level of apoptosis. It is indicated that nerve growth factor plays an obviously promoting role on normal and scar skin fibroblasts growth and proliferation, especially on the scar skin.

14.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 34-38, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411707

ABSTRACT

In vitro cell culture of head and neck tumors and chemosensitivity test to select sensitivity antitumor bogs for individual chemotherapy. Methods:The chemosensitivity of 32 fresh specimens of human head and neck tumors were tested with MTT assay and eight atitumor drugs. Results:The sensitivity was 84.4% for 5-Fu, 2l.9% for VCR, 62.5% for MTX, 8l.3% for BLM, 8l.3% for DDP, 40.6% for ADM, 65.6% for PYM and 3.l% for CTX. The results of chemotherapy with sensitivity drugs of 32 patients were encouraged. There were no serious side-effects in the chemotherapy and no recurrence and metastasis after the treatment. 32 patients were still alive. Conclusion: Chemosensitivity test of tumor cell lines with MTT assay was accuracy, fast,simple,ecoromical,effective method and was valuable for chemotherapy.

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