Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 16 de 16
Filter
Add filters








Year range
4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-93068

ABSTRACT

A study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Cefuroxime Axetil in enteric fever was carried out in 30 adult hospitalised patients of either sex. A positive blood culture for S. typhi and sensitivity to cefuroxime axetil were confirmed prior to treatment. On admission, the baseline signs and symptoms were recorded and treatment initiated with cefuroxime axetil in a dose of 500 mg bd; which was continued for 7 days after normalization of temperature. The various clinical parameters were followed up daily during the treatment period and discharge permitted on normalization of temperature. Blood culture for S. typhi was repeated 3 days after stopping treatment. Follow-up Widal, stool and urine cultures were done wherever possible to check for relapse or carrier state. All the patients responded clinically to treatment and had bacteriologically negative blood cultures by the end of 14 days treatment. 87% of the patients responded within 7 days of treatment of which 60% were graded as Excellent responders as they responded within 4 days itself; while 13% took a longer time to respond. There were no relapses or carrier state as indicated by negative follow-up stool cultures. Only one patient reported a side-effect of mild headache confirming the safety of the drug. We conclude that Cefuroxime axetil in a dose of 500 mg bd is an effective and safe drug in the treatment of multi drug resistant enteric fever.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cefuroxime/analogs & derivatives , Cephalosporins/therapeutic use , Drug Evaluation , Female , Humans , Male , Prodrugs/therapeutic use , Typhoid Fever/drug therapy
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-92084

ABSTRACT

Cefoperazone sodium is a broad spectrum third generation Cephalosporin recently introduced in India. This was used as a monotherapy to treat severe infections in hospitalized patients. These infections were due to various gram positive and gram negative organisms. Of the 22 evaluable patients, 21 (95%) were clinically cured and 1 (5%) improved. 18 pathogens were isolated from 17 patients. Microbiologic eradication was 100%. Symptomatic improvement occurred within 48-72 hours of onset of therapy with complete relief by 4-5 days. Dual mode of excretion makes this drug safe in presence of renal insufficiency. Anti-microbial activity against a wide spectrum of organisms and twice daily dosage schedule qualify Cefoperazone as a single antibiotic of choice in severe infections in critically ill patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bacteremia/drug therapy , Cefoperazone/pharmacology , Cephalosporins/pharmacology , Female , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , India , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
7.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 1993 Jan; 36(1): 8-12
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-73631

ABSTRACT

An outbreak called 'Dombivali fever' started in March 1990 and spread rapidly all over Bombay and adjoining area. A concomitant and steady increase in multidrug resistant Salmonella typhi isolation was observed. Later this outbreak called 'Dombivali fever' was proved to be resistant typhoid fever only. The present paper deals with comparison of this outbreak with previous two years laboratory data from Sir J.J. Hospital, Bombay. A very high isolation rate of S. typhi (215 isolates) in 1990 as compared to 62 isolates in the last two years (1988-89), was observed in this laboratory. The incidence of multidrug resistance in cases of enteric fever (EF) was also very high (67.6%) in 1990, as compared to 6.2% in 1988 and 23.3% in 1989. All the strains tested in 1990 were sensitive to ciprofloxacin.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Ciprofloxacin/pharmacology , Disease Outbreaks , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Female , Humans , Incidence , India/epidemiology , Infant , Male , Salmonella typhi/drug effects , Typhoid Fever/epidemiology
8.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Oct; 36(4): 207-12
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-117592

ABSTRACT

Impedance plethysmograms were recorded from thoracic region in 254 normal subjects, 183 patients with coronary artery disease, 391 patients with valvular heart disease and 107 patients with congenital septal disorder. The data in 18 normal subjects and 55 patients showed that basal impedance decreases markedly during exercise in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Estimation of cardiac index by this technique in a group of 99 normal subjects has been observed to be more consistent than that of the stroke volume. Estimation of systolic time index from impedance plethysmograms in 34 normal subjects has been shown to be as reliable as that from electrocardiogram, phonocardiogram and carotid pulse tracing. Changes in the shape of plethysmographic waveform produced by valvular and congenital heart diseases are briefly described and the role of this technique in screening cardiac patients has been highlighted.


Subject(s)
Cardiography, Impedance/methods , Electrocardiography/standards , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Female , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Hemodynamics , Humans , Male , Phonocardiography/standards , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Oct; 36(4): 213-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-115630

ABSTRACT

Vector impedance cardiograms in horizontal lead configuration [VICG(H)] were recorded in 34 normal subjects, 18 patients with mitral stenosis, 9 patients with mitral regurgitation, 14 patients with aortic regurgitation and 13 patients with non- cyanotic septal disorders. Data in normal subjects revealed that most of the phase reversal points in VICG(H) waveform did not coincide with those of conventional impedance cardiogram. The shape of VICG(H) waveform and values of VICG indices were observed to be markedly affected in patients having significant alteration in the pulmonary circulation and the changes observed were specific of the type of the disorder. The results of the study suggested that right side of the heart had dominant contribution in generation of VICG(H) waveform.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cardiography, Impedance/standards , Child , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Humans , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Circulation , Vectorcardiography/standards
10.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Jul; 36(3): 147-53
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-117526

ABSTRACT

Impedance plethysmographic observations have been compared with arteriographic findings in 216 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive diseases. Impedance plethysmographic diagnosis in these patients was obtained by Parulkar's method without apriori knowledge of arteriographic diagnosis. But for minor discrepancy in the anatomical location of the block in few patients, impedance plethysmographic observations correlated very well with arteriographic findings. Impedance plethysmographic diagnosis was found to be correct in 312, wrong in 53, false negative in 8 limbs respectively, yielding a sensitivity of 97.5% and specificity of 98.1% of this technique.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiography , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/diagnosis , Extremities/blood supply , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plethysmography, Impedance
11.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Jul; 36(3): 154-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-115535

ABSTRACT

Forty patients with symptoms of neuro-vascular compression in the upper extremities were subjected to impedance plethysmographic study using Parulkar's method. Two patients recorded decreased blood flow (BFI) in supine position and were diagnosed as having partial occlusion at subclavian level. Sixteen of the patients recorded decreased BFI on 90 degrees abduction and hyper-abduction. Twelve of these patients had radiological evidence of anomalous cervicle ribs. In remaining four patients extrinsic impression on the subclavian artery due to fibrous deposits was confirmed by arteriography. Remaining 22 patients recorded normal impedance plethysmograms. Impedance plethysmography thus provided a non-invasive modality for confirmation of vascular compression in thoracic outlet syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plethysmography, Impedance , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/physiopathology
12.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Apr; 36(2): 80-2
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-117373

ABSTRACT

Impedance plethysmographic observations have been correlated with aortographic observations in 57 patients suspected of aortic occlusive diseases. Aortic occlusions have been characterised by marked decrease in blood flow index and significant increase in differential pulse arrival time at thigh level bilaterally. Atherosclerotic affection of the aorta has been featured by a bilateral decrease in the value of blood flow index as well as differential pulse arrival time at thigh level. Leriche's syndrome, however, has been found to decrease the blood flow index moderately at thigh in both the legs without any significant change in differential pulse arrival time. Aortography in all the patients has confirmed the diagnosis made by impedance plethysmography.


Subject(s)
Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , Arteriosclerosis/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Leg/blood supply , Male , Plethysmography, Impedance , Regional Blood Flow/physiology
13.
J Postgrad Med ; 1990 Apr; 36(2): 71-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-116223

ABSTRACT

A review of investigations into the origin of impedance plethysmographic waveform is presented in this article. Attempts made by several investigators in the comparison of impedance plethysmographic estimations of peripheral blood flow with that obtained by standard methods are briefly described. Investigations indicating the negligible contribution from contact impedance at body electrode interface are highlighted. Temporal correlation of impedance plethysmographic waveform recorded from thorax with various important events of the cardiac cycle is summarised and various hypotheses on the genesis of this waveform are presented.


Subject(s)
Cardiography, Impedance , Humans , Plethysmography, Impedance , Regional Blood Flow/physiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL