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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e339-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967380

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to assess the diagnostic feasibility of radiomics analysis based on magnetic resonance (MR)-proton density fat fraction (PDFF) for grading hepatic steatosis in patients with suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 106 patients with suspected NAFLD who underwent a hepatic parenchymal biopsy. MR-PDFF and MR spectroscopy were performed on all patients using a 3.0-T scanner. Following whole-volume segmentation of the MRPDFF images, 833 radiomic features were analyzed using a commercial program. Radiologic features were analyzed, including median and mean values of the multiple regions of interest and variable clinical features. A random forest regressor was used to extract the important radiomic, radiologic, and clinical features. The model was trained using 20 repeated 10-fold cross-validations to classify the NAFLD steatosis grade. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was evaluated using a classifier to diagnose steatosis grades. @*Results@#The levels of pathological hepatic steatosis were classified as low-grade steatosis (grade, 0–1; n = 82) and high-grade steatosis (grade, 2–3; n = 24). Fifteen important features were extracted from the radiomic analysis, with the three most important being wavelet-LLL neighboring gray tone difference matrix coarseness, original first-order mean, and 90th percentile. The MR spectroscopy mean value was extracted as a more important feature than the MR-PDFF mean or median in radiologic measures. Alanine aminotransferase has been identified as the most important clinical feature. The AUROC of the classifier using radiomics was comparable to that of radiologic measures (0.94 ± 0.09 and 0.96 ± 0.08, respectively). @*Conclusion@#MR-PDFF-derived radiomics may provide a comparable alternative for grading hepatic steatosis in patients with suspected NAFLD.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 425-431, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926423

ABSTRACT

Gastric metastasis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is extremely rare, occurring in 0.2% of all RCC cases. Owing to its low prevalence, metachronous gastric metastasis from RCC may be underdiagnosed, and the imaging findings have not been well-established. Herein we present a case of metastatic RCC manifesting as a gastric polyp in a 70-year-old female along with a literature review on the imaging findings of gastric metastases from RCC. In patients presenting with gastric hyper-enhancing polypoid masses, metastasis from RCC should be considered as a differential diagnosis.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1148-1155, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913814

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop and validate a predictive model for the assessment of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) in men, prior to prostate biopsies, based on bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) and clinical parameters. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 300 men with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer (prostate-specific antigen [PSA] ≥ 4.0 ng/mL and/or abnormal findings in a digital rectal examination), who underwent bpMRI-ultrasound fusion transperineal targeted and systematic biopsies in the same session, at a Korean university hospital. Predictive models, based on Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data Systems scores of bpMRI and clinical parameters, were developed to detect csPCa (intermediate/high grade [Gleason score ≥ 3+4]) and compared by analyzing the areas under the curves and decision curves. @*Results@#A predictive model defined by the combination of bpMRI and clinical parameters (age, PSA density) showed high discriminatory power (area under the curve, 0.861) and resulted in a significant net benefit on decision curve analysis. Applying a probability threshold of 7.5%, 21.6% of men could avoid unnecessary prostate biopsy, while only 1.0% of significant prostate cancers were missed. @*Conclusion@#This predictive model provided a reliable and measurable means of risk stratification of csPCa, with high discriminatory power and great net benefit. It could be a useful tool for clinical decision-making prior to prostate biopsies.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 714-721, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831116

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)–ultrasound (US) fusion transperineal targeted biopsy (FTB) and fusion template systematic biopsy (FSB) for prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) (intermediate/high grade [Gleason score ≥ 3+4]) based on bi-parametric MRI (bpMRI). @*Materials and methods@#Retrospectively, we analyzed 300 patients with elevated prostate-specific antigen (≥ 4.0 ng/mL) and/or abnormal findings in a digital rectal examination at the Korea University Hospital. All 300 men underwent bpMRI-US fusion transperineal FTB and FSB in the period from April 2017 to March 2019. @*Results@#PCas were detected in 158 of 300 men (52.7%), and the prevalence of csPCa was 34.0%. CsPCas were detected in 12 of 102 (11.8%) with Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) 3, 42 of 92 (45.7%) with PI-RADS 4, respectively; and 45 of 62 (72.6%) men with PI-RADS 5, respectively. BpMRI showed a sensitivity of 95.1% and negative predictive value of 89.6% for csPCa. FTB detected additional csPCa in 33 men (12.9%) compared to FSB. Compared to FTB, FSB detected additional csPCa in 10 men (3.9%). @*Conclusion@#BpMRI-US FTB and FSB improved detection of PCa and csPCa. The accuracy of bi-parametric MRI is comparable with that of multi-parametric MRI. Further, it is rapid, simpler, cheaper, and no side effects of contrast media. Therefore, it is expected that bpMRI-US transperineal FTB and FSB could be a good alternative to conventional US-guided transrectal biopsy, which is the current gold standard.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 122-128, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916723

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal tract involvement in undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is extremely rare. To the authors' knowledge, only 21 cases of primary small bowel UPS have been reported in the literature available in English. Reported CT findings in primary small bowel UPS have been nonspecific, and MRI findings have been reported in only one case. The present article describes a case involving a 72-year-old male with histologically confirmed primary UPS arising from the ileum, focusing on both CT and magnetic resonance enterography findings. On CT, primary small bowel UPS was noted as a heterogeneously enhanced small bowel mass without obstruction. Magnetic resonance enterography revealed heterogeneous intermediate T1 and T2 signal intensity, with hemorrhagic or necrotic foci within the mass and heterogeneous enhancement. The differential diagnosis included malignant gastrointestinal tumor; however, the prognosis of UPS is worse, with higher incidences of extra-abdominal metastasis.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 411-421, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of kinetic features of breast cancers on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of preoperative 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and clinical-pathologic factors in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2016 and March 2017, 85 patients (mean age, 54 years; age range, 35–81 years) with invasive breast cancers (mean, 1.8 cm; range, 0.8–4.8 cm) who had undergone MRI and surgery were retrospectively enrolled. All magnetic resonance images were processed using CAD, and kinetic features of tumors were acquired. The relationships between kinetic features and clinical-pathologic factors were assessed using Spearman correlation test and binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Peak enhancement and angio-volume were significantly correlated with histologic grade, Ki-67 index, and tumor size: r = 0.355 (p = 0.001), r = 0.330 (p = 0.002), and r = 0.231 (p = 0.033) for peak enhancement, r = 0.410 (p = 0.005), r = 0.341 (p < 0.001), and r = 0.505 (p < 0.001) for angio-volume. Delayed-plateau component was correlated with Ki-67 (r = 0.255 [p = 0.019]). In regression analysis, higher peak enhancement was associated with higher histologic grade (odds ratio [OR] = 1.004; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001–1.008; p = 0.024), and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume were associated with higher Ki-67 (OR = 1.051; 95% CI: 1.011–1.094; p = 0.013 for delayed-plateau component, OR = 1.178; 95% CI: 1.023–1.356; p = 0.023 for angio-volume). CONCLUSION: Of the CAD-assessed kinetic features, higher peak enhancement may correlate with higher histologic grade, and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume correlate with higher Ki-67 index. These results support the clinical application of kinetic features in prognosis assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 289-294, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916598

ABSTRACT

Schwannoma is a benign nerve sheath tumor that involves Schwann cells mostly found in the head, neck, posterior mediastinum and extremities. Schwannoma develops rarely in the retroperitoneum; thus, renal schwannoma is extremely uncommon. Differentiation of renal schwannoma from renal cell carcinoma is difficult with radiologic analysis. A few cases of these tumors have been reported in literature, and little has been described regarding imaging appearances. In this study, we present a rare case of a renal schwannoma, resembling renal cell carcinoma, with radiological correlations.

8.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 110-118, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741481

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to confirm the detection rate of transperineal biopsy after multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and compared it to that of transrectal biopsy. We also examined the role of mpMRI and the rate of complications for each method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, we analyzed 147 patients who underwent mpMRI before prostate biopsy because of elevated serum prostate-specific antigen and/or abnormal digital rectal examination findings at Korea University Hospital, Seoul, Korea from March 2017 to April 2018. Regions on the mpMRI that were suggestive of prostate cancer were categorized according to the Prostate Imaging–Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS v2). For transperineal biopsy, a 20-core saturation biopsy was performed by MRI-TRUS cognitive or fusion techniques and a 12-core biopsy was performed in transrectal biopsy. RESULTS: Sixty-three and 84 patients were enrolled in transperineal group and transrectal group, respectively. The overall detection rate of prostate cancer in transperineal group was 27% higher than that in transrectal group. Classification according to PI-RADS score revealed a significant increase in detection rate in all patients, as the PI-RADS score increased. Frequency of complications using the Clavien-Dindo classifications revealed no significant differences in the total complications rate, but two patients in transrectal group received intensive care unit care due to urosepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed that transperineal biopsy is superior to transrectal biopsy for the detection of prostate cancer. From the complication point of view, this study confirmed that there were fewer severe complications in transperineal biopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Classification , Digital Rectal Examination , Information Systems , Intensive Care Units , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1119-1129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the image quality of low-tube-voltage and low-iodine-concentration-contrast-medium (LVLC) computed tomography urography (CTU) with iterative reconstruction (IR) with that of conventional CTU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, multi-institutional, randomized controlled trial was performed at 16 hospitals using CT scanners from various vendors. Patients were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) the LVLC-CTU (80 kVp and 240 mgI/mL) with IR group and 2) the conventional CTU (120 kVp and 350 mgI/mL) with filtered-back projection group. The overall diagnostic acceptability, sharpness, and noise were assessed. Additionally, the mean attenuation, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and figure of merit (FOM) in the urinary tract were evaluated. RESULTS: The study included 299 patients (LVLC-CTU group: 150 patients; conventional CTU group: 149 patients). The LVLC-CTU group had a significantly lower effective radiation dose (5.73 ± 4.04 vs. 8.43 ± 4.38 mSv) compared to the conventional CTU group. LVLC-CTU showed at least standard diagnostic acceptability (score ≥ 3), but it was non-inferior when compared to conventional CTU. The mean attenuation value, mean SNR, CNR, and FOM in all pre-defined segments of the urinary tract were significantly higher in the LVLC-CTU group than in the conventional CTU group. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic acceptability and quantitative image quality of LVLC-CTU with IR are not inferior to those of conventional CTU. Additionally, LVLC-CTU with IR is beneficial because both radiation exposure and total iodine load are reduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Commerce , Contrast Media , Iodine , Noise , Prospective Studies , Radiation Exposure , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Urinary Tract , Urography
10.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 56-60, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109031

ABSTRACT

Progressive transformation of germinal centers (PTGC) is an atypical feature seen in lymph nodes with unknown pathogenesis. PTGC most commonly presents in adolescent and young adult males as solitary painless lymphadenopathy with various durations. Cervical nodes are the most commonly involved ones while involvements of axillary and inguinal nodes are less frequent. PTGC develops extremely rarely in other locations. We report a rare case of solitary mass present in the presacral space. The mass as subsequently proven to be PTGC. To the best of our knowledge, PTGC in the presacral space has not been previously reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Germinal Center , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
11.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 56-61, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145437

ABSTRACT

Adenosarcoma of the uterus is a rare biphasic tumor containing benign glandular epithelial and malignant mesenchymal components. The tumor has been reported to be associated with antiestrogen therapy, particularly tamoxifen, but there have been a few case reports with MRI. We present two cases of MRI findings of uterine adenosarcoma after antiestrogen therapy, tamoxifen and toremifene in breast cancer patients. The tumor presents as a large polypoid mass occupying the endometrial cavity, and may protrude into the vagina. On MRI, the tumor typically shows solid components with scattered small cysts and heterogeneous enhancement. These findings are not significantly different from conventional adenosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosarcoma , Breast Neoplasms , Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tamoxifen , Toremifene , Uterus , Vagina
12.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 196-199, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90698

ABSTRACT

Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome is an uncommon congenital abnormality of the female urogenital tract characterized by the triad of uterine didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. A 13-year-old female presented with acute lower abdominal pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed uterine didelphys, hematometrocolpos, obstructed hemivagina, and right ipsilateral agenesis, consistent with OHVIRA syndrome. Also, a well-defined mass with fluid signal intensity, mimicking adnexal neoplasm was seen in the right lower pelvic cavity adjacent to the posterior wall of the bladder. Vaginal septotomy and drainage of hematometrocolpos were done initially, but unilateral hysterectomy was later performed to relieve the patient's symptoms. The cystic mass in the right lower pelvic cavity was also excised and confirmed as a blind megaureter.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Congenital Abnormalities , Drainage , Hysterectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Urinary Bladder
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 456-463, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of known risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and their association with the actual occurrence of CIN in patients undergoing intravenous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent CECT in 2008 were identified in the electronic medical records of 16 tertiary hospitals of Korea. Data on demographics, comorbidities, prescriptions and laboratory test results of patients were collected following a standard data extraction protocol. The baseline renal function was assessed using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We identified the prevalence of risk factors along the eGFR strata and evaluated their influence on the incidence of CIN, defined as a 0.5 mg/dL or 25% increase in serum creatinine after CECT. RESULTS: Of 432425 CECT examinations in 272136 patients, 140838 examinations in 101487 patients met the eligibility criteria for analysis. The mean age of the participants was 57.9 +/- 15.5 years; 25.1% of the patients were older than 70 years. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 11.9%, of hypertension 13.7%, of gout 0.55% and of heart failure was 1.7%. Preventive measures were used in 40238 CECT examinations (28.6%). The prevalence of risk factors and use of preventive measures increased as the renal function became worse. A CIN was occurred after 3103 (2.2%) CECT examinations, revealing a significant association with decreased eGFR, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure after adjustment. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for CIN are prevalent among the patients undergoing CECT. Preventive measures were seemingly underutilized and a system is needed to improve preventive care.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Comorbidity , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Incidence , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
14.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 172-177, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106244

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is no established standard second-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) who failed gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) chemotherapy. This study was conducted in order to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of modified methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC) in patients with metastatic UC previously treated with GC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 28 patients who received modified MVAC between November 2004 and November 2012. All patients failed prior, first-line GC chemotherapy. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 64.0 years (range, 33.0 to 77.0 years), and 23 (82.1%) patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. The overall response rate and the disease control rate were 36.0% and 64.0%, respectively. After a median follow-up period of 38 weeks (range, 5 to 182 weeks), median progression free survival was 21.0 weeks (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.3 to 35.7 weeks) and median overall survival was 49.0 weeks (95% CI, 18.8 to 79.3 weeks). Grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicities included neutropenia (n=21, 75.0%) and anemia (n=9, 32.1%). Grade 3 or 4 non-hematological toxicities did not occur and there was no treatment-related death. CONCLUSION: Modified MVAC appears to be a safe and active chemotherapy regimen in patients with stable physical status and adequate renal function after GC treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Methotrexate , Neutropenia , Retrospective Studies , Vinblastine
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 184-188, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126042

ABSTRACT

Anoperineal tuberculosis is a rare extrapulmonary form of the disease and may present as abscess. We report a case of anoperineal tuberculous abscess, which showed low signal intensity on T1-weighted images, high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted images.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Diffusion , Tuberculosis
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Medical Ultrasound ; : 257-261, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725500

ABSTRACT

An extratesticular scrotal epidermal cyst is a very rare condition and few cases of extratesticular scrotal epidermal cyst with radiologic findings have been reported. Therefore, we report here on a rare case with ultrasonographic and MRI findings. A 70-year-old male patient was admitted with a palpable mass in the left scrotum. A well-defined heterogeneous hypoechoic mass with scattered echogenic reflectors in the scrotum was identified on ultrasonography. The cystic mass showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, low signal intensity on T1-weighted images, and diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted images.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diffusion , Epidermal Cyst , Scrotum
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 146-153, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172073

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe normal anatomy and compare the differences of external genital organs and urethra on MR imaging in pre- and postmenopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 19 pre- and 18 postmenopausal healthy women underwent pelvis MR imaging at 1.5 T. Two radiologists retrospectively scored and compared the image quality of female external genitalia and urethra on axial T2-weighted images (T2WI) and axial fat-suppressed contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images (FSCE-T1WI) by using Wilcoxon signed ranks test. The radiologists compared the wall thickness or size of external genital organs and urethra on FSCE-T1WI between two groups by using Student t test. RESULTS: Image quality was better with FSCE-T1WI than with T2WI in all subjects (p < 0.05). The vestibular bulb, clitoris and labium minor were more clearly visualized on FSCE-T1WI in premenopausal subjects rather than in postmenopausal subjects (p < 0.05). The urethra had a target-like appearance with three layers in premenopausal and postmenopausal subjects. Postmenopausal subjects were observed to have significantly smaller vaginal wall thickness, urethral wall thickness and vestibular bulb width than premenopausal subjects (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The anatomy and morphologic changes of female external genital organs and urethra were well discernible on FSCE-T1WI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Clitoris , Genitalia , Pelvis , Retrospective Studies , Urethra
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Medical Ultrasound ; : 197-200, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725616

ABSTRACT

Fibrous pseudotumors are rare, benign fibroproliferative tumor-like lesions in the scrotum, and they most commonly arise from the tunica vaginalis testis (75%). There have been few reported cases of the fibrous pseudotumor of the tunica vaginalis testis with the radiologic findings, so we report on this rare case with focusing on the ultrasonographic findings. A 20-year-old man was admitted with a palpable mass in the right scrotum. On ultrasonography, multiple nodules were seen together with posterior shadowing along the inner surface of the scrotal wall. Fibrous pseudotumor arising from the tunica vaginalis testis was pathologically confirmed after surgical excision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Scrotum , Shadowing Technique, Histology , Testis
19.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 195-202, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fistulographic features of malfunctioning axillary loop-configured arteriovenous grafts and the efficacy of percutaneous interventions in failed axillary loop-configured arteriovenous grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with axillary loop-configured arteriovenous grafts were referred for evaluation of graft patency or upper arm swelling. Fistulography and percutaneous intervention, including thrombolysis, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement, were performed. Statistical analysis of the procedure success rate and the primary and secondary patency rates was done. RESULTS: Four patients had graft related and subclavian venous stenosis, two patients had graft related stenosis and another four patients had subclavian venous stenosis only. Sixteen sessions of interventional procedures were performed in eight patients (average: 2 sessions / patient) until the end of follow-up. An interventional procedure was not done in two patients with central venous stenosis. The overall procedure success rate was 69% (11 of 16 sessions). The post-intervention primary and secondary patency rates were 50% and 63% at three months, 38% and 63% at six months and 25% and 63% at one year, respectively. CONCLUSION: Dysfunctional axillary loop-configured arteriovenous grafts almost always had subclavian venous and graft-related stenosis. Interventional treatments are helpful to overcome this and these treatments are expected to play a major role in restoring and maintaining the axillary loop-configured arteriovenous loop grafts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/methods , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Chronic Disease , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Graft Occlusion, Vascular/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Renal Dialysis , Subclavian Vein/diagnostic imaging , Survival Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 587-595, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To help preserve accessory pudendal arteries (APAs) and to ensure optimal postoperative sexual function after a laparoscopic or robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, we have evaluated the incidence of APAs as detected on multidetector-row CT (MDCT) angiography and have provided a detailed anatomical description. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distribution of APAs was evaluated in 121 consecutive male patients between February 2006 and July 2007 who underwent 64-channel MDCT angiography of the lower extremities. We defined an APA as any artery located within the periprostatic region running parallel to the dorsal vascular complex. We also subclassified APAs into lateral and apical APAs. Two radiologists retrospectively evaluated the origin, course and number of APAs; the final APA subclassification based on MDCT angiography source data was determined by consensus. RESULTS: We identified 44 APAs in 36 of 121 patients (30%). Two distinct varieties of APAs were identified. Thirty-three APAs (75%) coursed near the anterolateral region of the prostatic apex, termed apical APAs. The remaining 11 APAs (25%) coursed along the lateral aspect of the prostate, termed lateral APAs. All APAs originated from the internal obturator artery and iliac artery or a branch of the iliac artery such as the inferior vesical artery. The majority of apical APAs arose from the internal obturator artery (84%). Seven patients (19%) had multiple APAs. CONCLUSION: APAs are more frequently detected by the use of MDCT angiography than as suggested by previous surgical studies. The identification of APAs on MDCT angiography may provide useful information for the surgical preservation of APAs during a laparoscopic or robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiography/methods , Arteries/abnormalities , Incidence , Laparoscopy , Prostate/blood supply , Prostatectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
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