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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922847

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To review the development of rehabilitation in China, summarize the development experience, and study the laws, regulations, policies, and plans for the development of rehabilitation and service. Methods We used literature and policy research methods to review the development of rehabilitation in China, summarize development experiences, and conduct systematic content analysis of relevant laws, regulations, policies and plans. Results The year 2021 marks the centennial of the founding of the Communist Party of China. This paper reviews the historical development and valuable experiences of China's rehabilitation undertakings, analyzes the background, main contents and significance of the laws and regulations related to China's rehabilitation undertakings, and focuses on the rehabilitation policies related to the "Healthy China 2030" Planning Outline and the Opinions on Accelerating the Development of Rehabilitation Medical Work. Conclusion The development of rehabilitation in China is an important part of the health service system. Based on the perspective of health services, the development of rehabilitation in China has improved the leadership and governance capacity of rehabilitation, established a funding mechanism for rehabilitation development, trained a large number of rehabilitation professionals and technicians, established a rehabilitation medical service system covering all three levels of medical services, and incorporated assistive technologies into the modern rehabilitation service system. A corresponding health information system has been established. The rehabilitation work has played an important role in achieving the goals of the "Health China 2030" program.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanism of the anti-tumor effect of Morinda citrifolia (noni).@*METHODS@#The influences of noni juice on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration and the activity of AKT/nuclear factor- κ B (NF- κ B) signaling pathway in A549 human lung cancer cells were detected by MTT, cell counting kit-8, colony formation, Annexin V/PI double labeling, transwell, scratch test and immunoblotting assay, respectively. A549 cells were inoculated into the right axilla of nude mice, followed by noni juice treatment. The body weight of the nude mice was weighed, and the tumor volume and weight were measured. Cell proliferation and expression of apoptosis-related proteins were measured by immunohistochemistry, and the activity of NF- κ B signaling pathway was measured by immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#The in vitro studies showed that noni juice inhibited the A549 cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Noni juice also promoted cells apoptosis in A549 cells. Immunoblotting assay showed that the phosphorylation level of AKT, p50, and STAT3 proteins was inhibited to different extents after noni juice treatment. The in vivo studies showed that noni juice effectively suppressed tumor formation of A549 cells in nude mice. Noni juice treatment inhibited the expression of Ki67, PCNA, and Bcl-2 protein in the tumor; while promoted the expression of caspase-3 protein. Additionally, we also found that noni juice treatment could restrain the activity of AKT/NF- κ B signaling pathway in the tumor tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Noni juice inhibited the proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells, induced apoptosis, and inhibited cell invasion and migration via regulating AKT/NF- κ B signaling pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of a diagnostic system of ophthalmic B-scan ultrasound images based on deep convolutional neural network.Methods:A total of 3 600 ophthalmic B-scan ultrasound images of 1 278 patients with an average age of (49.32±7.69) years at the Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2018 to October 2020 were collected to build an image database.These B-scan images were labeled by three ophthalmologists.The database was divided into the training dataset of 2 812 images and the testing dataset of 788 images.The deep learning algorithm was used to build a diagnostic model, which can identify retinal detachment (RD), vitreous hemorrhage (VH) and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), and the accuracy of the model was evaluated.Another 120 B-scan ultrasound images were collected for the human-computer comparison between the model and 3 senior ophthalmologists.Eight junior clinicians were selected to evaluate another 150 B-scan images with and without the assistance of the model, and the accuracy was analyzed to evaluate the effect of the model.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and the study protocol was approved by Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (No.WDRY2020K-192).Results:The accuracy of the model for identifying normal fundus, RD, VH, PVD and other diseases were 0.954, 0.909, 0.881, 0.990 and 0.920, respectively.The accuracy of the model was similar to that of senior doctors, and the time the model used was almost half that of doctors.With the assistance of the model, the diagnostic accuracy of the 8 junior clinicians who participated in the training was significantly improved ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The accuracy of RD, VH and PVD identification of the intelligent evaluation system is good, and the system can improve the accuracy and efficiency of clinical examinations, and can better assist clinicians in clinical evaluation.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3261-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906844

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at the key issue that chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule anti-tumor drugs were difficult to break through the dense interstitial permeability barrier of pancreatic cancer to achieve the key problem of drug efficacy in the deep part of tumor tissue. To solve this problem, the lipophilic molecule squalene (SQ) and the hydrophilic anti-tumor drug chidamide (CHI) were linked by a trypsin responsive bond to form a prodrug (SQ-CHI) and a folic acid modified prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles (FA-SQ-CHI NPs) were further developed. The feature of prodrug molecules and nanoparticles were characterized. The in vitro release characteristics and cytotoxicity of blank vector were investigated. The efficacy and permeability of the prodrug nanoparticles in the PSN-1 monolayer cell and PSN-1/HSPC co-cultured tumor spheroids model was evaluated. The results showed that SQ-CHI prodrug molecules and FA-SQ-CHI NPs were successfully developed. The nanoparticles were regular spherical, well-dispersed, with a particle size of (173.3 ± 1.5) nm, a drug load of (59.02 ± 0.8) % and showed trypsin responsive release ability. The prodrug nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration and anti-proliferation effects of CHI in the PSN-1/HSPC tumor spheroids. In conclusion, the construction of folic acid-modified SQ-CHI prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration of CHI in the pancreatic cancer microenvironment in vitro. This research would provide a new idea for the construction of targeted drug delivery system for chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule drugs in the application of anti-pancreatic cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1703-1707, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906569

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trend of percentile changes in body composition among children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 by gender and age, and to provide a scientific basis for reference value.@*Methods@#A stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 1 585 children and adolescents from September to December 2020. Use the GAMLSS to estimate the P 25 , P 50 and P 75 percentile value of gender, age specific body fat percentage (BF%), fat mass index (FMI) and fat free mass (FFM).@*Results@#In different age groups, body fat percentage of boys with normal nutritional status peaked at around 10-year old, among them, body fat percentage of 10-year old P 25 , P 50 and P 75 were 22.2%, 26.1% and 30.1%, respectively. Body fat percentage of obese boys was at a high level. Among girls, body fat percentage under different nutritional status did not change. With the increase of age, fat mass index plateaued slightly in normal and overweight boys. However, in obese boys, with the increase of age, FMI gradually increased with the increase of percentile, while the value of FMI gradually decreased in girls. Whether in boys or girls, with the increase of age, fat free mass index shows an increasing trend, and boys increase faster.@*Conclusion@#Under different nutritional status, there are differences in the percentile value of body fat percentage, fat mass index and fat free mass by gender and age, which can provide a scientific basis for reference value of body composition in children and adolescents.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905168

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To systematically analyze the framework and contents of World Health Organization (WHO) policy and action strategies on rehabilitation using the theory of WHO health service components, to explore the theoretical bases, methodology, framework and core elements of WHO's international rehabilitation policy. Methods:WHO has launched rehabilitation-related policy documents, mainly including Rehabilitation in Health Systems, Rehabilitation in Health Systems: Guide for Action, Rehabilitation Indicator Menu: a tool accompanying the Framework for Rehabilitation Monitoring and Evaluation (FRAME), Template for Rehabilitation Information Collection (TRIC): a tool accompanying the Systematic Assessment of Rehabilitation Situation (STARS), and established systems of international rehabilitation policy architecture system. Using content analysis, this study analyzed in detail the theoretical basis and methodology of international rehabilitation policy, the policy framework, and the core elements of the action strategy and priority areas of rehabilitation service development in perspective of WHO six building blocks of health system, namely leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medical technology, and health information systems. Results:WHO rehabilitation policy is developed based on WHO's theories of person-centered health services, social determinants of health, and functioning, disability and health of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. WHO rehabilitation policy recognized that the development of rehabilitation was an important pathway achieving United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals 3, ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, i.e. Unlversal Health Coverage. This paper systematically analyzed WHO's international policy framework, action strategies, and development areas, content and priorities in six major areas: leadership and governance, financing, human resources for health, service delivery, medicine and technology, and health information systems. WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to develop national rehabilitation plans, to establish and improve rehabilitation leaderships and the development of mechanism and capacity of rehabilitation governance, to develop multiple approaches of rehabilitation financing, to integrate rehabilitation into health service system, provides different levels of rehabilitation services in the health service continuum, and to build networks of service delivery, to train professionals, to foster rehabilitation information system within health system, to enhance service quality and service coverage, to focus on key areas and priority programs to meet the diverse needs of different populations, and achieve universal health coverage; to include assistive technology into the rehabilitation service system as a field of medicine and technology; and to collect information on functioning and rehabilitation needs, outcomes and impacts of rehabilitation services in the health information system, and conduct evidence-based researches on rehabilitation systems. Conclusion:The framework and contents of WHO's international rehabilitation policies have systematically reviewed at the macro, meso, and micro levels with the perspective of WHO six building blocks of the health system. The goal of rehabilitation development is to achieve universal rehabilitation coverage. The conceptual theories of rehabilitation are based on the theories of people-centered health services and social determinants of health. Rehabilitation is an important initiative to achieve the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The international rehabilitation health policy system is built on six major areas of rehabilitation: leadership and governance, rehabilitation financing, rehabilitation human resources, rehabilitation service delivery, rehabilitation-related medicine and technology, and rehabilitation and health information system. The policy and action strategies for rehabilitation development, as well as specific implementation paths and methods, at macro, meso and micro levels: theory and policy, policy action, and implementation methods and tools have been reviewed and discussed. The implementation of the WHO rehabilitation policies advocates to take the following actions: strengthening the leadership, governance, planning and coordination capacity of rehabilitation services; constructing a reasonable rehabilitation financing mechanism and raising necessary funds for rehabilitation; improving the training and guarantee mechanism of rehabilitation human resources; enhancing the professional capacity of rehabilitation personnel, improving the capacity of rehabilitation service delivery and improving service quality; improving the quality and accessibility of assistive products and assistive technology services; establishing health information system covering functioning, disability and rehabilitation, and conducting scientific researches on rehabilitation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 606-612, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop early gastric cancer (EGC) detection system of magnifying blue laser imaging (ME-BLI) model and magnifying narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) model based on deep convolutional neural network, to compare the performance differences of the two models and to explore the effects of training methods on the accuracy.Methods:The images of benign gastric lesions and EGC under ME-BLI and ME-NBI were respectively collected. A total of five data sets and three test sets were collected. Data set 1 included 2 024 noncancerous lesions and 452 EGC images under ME-BLI. Data set 2 included 2 024 noncancerous lesions and 452 EGC images under ME-NBI. Data set 3 was the combination of data set 1 and 2 (a total of 4 048 noncancerous lesions and 904 EGC images under ME-BLI and ME-NBI). Data set 4: on the basis of data set 2, another 62 noncancerous lesions and 2 305 EGC images under ME-NBI were added (2 086 noncancerous lesions and 2 757 EGC images under ME-NBI). Data set 5: on the basis of data set 3, another 62 noncancerous lesions and 2 305 EGC images under ME-NBI were added(4 110 noncancerous lesions and 3 209 EGC images under ME-NBI and ME-BLI). Test set A included 422 noncancerous lesions and 197 EGC images under ME-BLI. Test set B included 422 noncancerous lesions and 197 EGC images under ME-NBI. Test set C was the combination of test set A and B (844 noncancerous and 394 EGC images under ME-BLI and ME-NBI). Five models were constructed according to these five data sets respectively and their performance was evaluated in the three test sets. Per-lesion video was collected and used to compare the performance of deep convolutional neural network models under ME-BLI and ME-NBI for the detection of EGC in clinical environment, and compared with four senior endoscopy doctors. The primary endpoint was the diagnostic accuracy of EGG, sensitivity and specificity. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:The performance of model 1 was the best in test set A with the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 76.90% (476/619), 63.96% (126/197) and 82.94% (350/422), respectively. The performance of model 2 was the best in test set B with the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 86.75% (537/619), 92.89% (183/197) and 83.89% (354/422), respectively. The performance of model 3 was the best in test set B with the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 86.91% (538/619), 84.26% (166/197) and 88.15% (372/422), respectively. The performance of model 4 was the best in test set B with the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 85.46% (529/619), 95.43% (188/197) and 80.81% (341/422), respectively. The performance of model 5 was the best in test set B, with the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 83.52% (517/619), 96.95% (191/197) and 77.25% (326/422), respectively. In terms of image recognition of EGC, the accuracy of models 2 to 5 was higher than that of model 1, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=147.90, 149.67, 134.20 and 115.30, all P<0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of models 2 and 3 were higher than those of model 1, the specificity of model 2 was lower than that of model 3, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=131.65, 64.15, 207.60, 262.03 and 96.73, all P < 0.01). The sensitivity of models 4 and 5 was higher than those of models 1 to 3, and the specificity of models 4 and 5 was lower than those of models 1 to 3, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=151.16, 165.49, 71.35, 112.47, 132.62, 153.14, 176.93, 74.62, 14.09, 15.47, 6.02 and 5.80, all P<0.05). The results of video test based on lesion showed that the average accuracy of doctors 1 to 4 was 68.16%. And the accuracy of models 1 to 5 was 69.47% (66/95), 69.47% (66/95), 70.53% (67/95), 76.84% (73/95) and 80.00% (76/95), respectively. There were no significant differences in the accuracy among models 1 to 5 and between models 1 to 5 and doctors 1 to 4 (all P>0.05). Conclusions:ME-BLI EGC recognition model based on deep learning has good accuracy, but the diagnostic effecacy is sligntly worse than that of ME-NBI model. The effects of EGC recognition model of ME-NBI combined with ME-BLI is better than that of a single model. A more sensitive ME-NBI model can be obtained by increasing the number of ME-NBI images, especially the images of EGG, but the specificity is worse.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) station recognition and pancreatic segmentation system based on deep learning and to validate its efficacy.Methods:Data of 269 EUS procedures were retrospectively collected from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between December 2016 and December 2019, and were divided into 3 datasets: (1)Dataset A of 205 procedures for model training containing 16 305 images for classification training and 1 953 images for segmentation training; (2)Dataset B of 44 procedures for model testing containing 1 606 images for classification testing and 480 images for segmentation testing; (3) Dataset C of 20 procedures with 150 images for comparing the performance between models and endoscopists. EUS experts (with more than 10 years of experience) A and B classified and labeled all images of dataset A, B and C through discussion, and the results were used as the gold standard. EUS expert C and senior EUS endoscopists (with more than 5 years of experience) D and E classified and labeled the images in dataset C, and the results were used for comparison with model. The main outcomes included accuracy of classification, Dice (F1 score) of segmentation and Cohen Kappa coefficient of consistency analysis.Results:In test dataset B, the model achieved a mean accuracy of 94.1% in classification. The mean Dice of pancreatic and vascular segmentation were 0.826 and 0.841 respectively. In dataset C, the classification accuracy of the model reached 90.0%. The classification accuracy of expert C, senior endoscopist D and E were 89.3%, 88.7% and 87.3%, respectively. The Dice of pancreatic and vascular segmentation in the model were 0.740 and 0.859, 0.708 and 0.778 for expert C, 0.747 and 0.875 for senior endoscopist D, and 0.774 and 0.789 for senior endoscopist E. The model was comparable to the expert level.Consistency analysis showed that there was high consistency between the model and endoscopists (the Kappa coefficient was 0.823 between model and expert C, 0.840 between model and senior endoscopist D, and 0.799 between model and senior endoscopist E).Conclusion:EUS station classification and pancreatic segmentation system based on deep learning can be used for quality control of pancreatic EUS, with a comparable performance of classification and segmentation to that of EUS experts.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887909

ABSTRACT

The incidence of endophthalmitis after vitrectomy is extremely low,especially lower in silicone oil-filled eyes.Silicone oil exerts a toxic effect on the cell membranes of microorganisms and leads to the lack of nutrients.It is thus believed to inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi.Endophthalmitis induced by mixed bacteria in silicone oil-filled eye has been rarely reported.We reviewed the clinical manifestations,diagnosis,and treatment of a patient with endophthalmitis caused by mixed infection of


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Coinfection , Endophthalmitis , Humans , Silicone Oils/adverse effects , Vitrectomy
10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 489-492, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876346

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the cumulative effect of preadolescent lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in children, and to provide evidence for early hypertensive intervention.@*Methods@#In 2017, a cohort study on pubertal development was conducted in Xiamen, Fujian Province. Participants underwent a physical examination and questionnaire survey. Between 2017 and 2019, this study carried out a 2-year follow-up of 1 316 students whose complete data were obtained. Preadolescent lifestyles were assessed by referring to baseline survey results obtained in 2017, and the prevalence and incidence of EBP were determined according to blood pressure levels that were determined in 2019. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of healthy lifestyles on the prevalence and incidence of EBP after adjusted for confounding factors.@*Results@#The prevalence of EBP in 2017 and 2019 was 25.0% and 23.3%, respectively, and its incidence was 18.9% after the 2-year follow-up. Children with a healthy lifestyle had a lower prevalence and incidence of EBP. The regression analysis showed that children who have more healthy lifestyle factors were at a lower risk of EBP (P<0.05). Compared with students with 0-2 healthy lifestyle factors, the OR value of EBP prevalence was 0.52 (95% CI=0.30-0.90) and the RR value of EBP incidence was 0.60(95%CI=0.29-1.22) in children with 4-5 healthy lifestyle factors. Among them, children who were overweight or obese were at a significantly lower risk of EBP prevalence (OR=0.29, 95%CI=0.10-0.81).@*Conclusion@#Preadolescent lifestyles seemed to have a cumulative effect on the occurrence of EBP. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle had a positive effect on reducing the risk of EBP, particularly in overweight and obese children, and this was due to their adoption of a comprehensive healthy lifestyle.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 208-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872601

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of hypertensive crisis, the novel Rho kinase inhibitor DL0805-2 can rapidly lower systematic blood pressure, reduce pulmonary artery pressure, and has a significant protective effect on lung injury. This experiment intends to evaluate the efficacy of DL0805-2 against pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and preliminarily reveals its underlying mechanism. Animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the provision of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into DL0805-2 low, medium, and high dose groups (1, 3, and 10 mg·kg-1), bosentan positive control group, model group, and blank control group. The drug was administered daily on the 7th day after model establishment by monocrotaline injection. On the 25th day of the experiment, relevant indicators were examined to observe the therapeutic effect of DL0805-2 on pulmonary hypertension. DL0805-2 significantly relieved the abnormal changes in the physiological parameters related to PAH induced by monocrotaline, including reducing right ventricular systolic pressure, alleviating cardiac damage caused by pressure overload, and reducing the levels of endothelin-1 and inflammatory factors in lung tissues. DL0805-2 also attenuated pulmonary arteries remodeling. It was preliminarily discovered that DL0805-2 exerts preventive and therapeutic effect on PAH through Rho-kinase pathway. Our results suggested that DL0805-2 had good therapeutic effects on monocrotaline-induced PAH rat model. It intervened early in the disease process, effectively prevented the development of the disease, and reduced the mortality of the diseased animals. The mechanism is related to Rho-kinase pathway.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 564-567, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867586

ABSTRACT

A case of recurrent stroke with clopidogrel secondary prevention, CYP2C19 gene testing result of " clopidogrel slow metabolism" , platelet aggregation test result of " platelet aggregation significantly inhibited" as an example, the dialectical relationship among the above gene testing, platelet aggregation test, stroke recurrence were analyzed, and the choice of antiplatelet drugs was discussed.Clopidogrel gene testing has certain guiding significance for the secondary prevention of stroke patients.Platelet aggregation test results can not comprehensively evaluate the physiology and function of platelets in vivo.In order to find a more safe, effective and reasonable antiplatelet therapy, antiplatelet therapy should be further explored and optimized.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905755

ABSTRACT

framework and approaches of development and research of guidelines of rehabilitation at levels of policies,community and services.Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, WHO World Report on Disability, Community-basedRehabilitation Guideline, Rehabilitation in Health Service System, and International Classification of Diseases (ICD), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and International Classification of Health Intervention (ICHI) of WHO-FICs, had been discussed.description of diseases and functioning, interventions and evaluations for the development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines had been developed. Objective:To use World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs) to explore the Methods:The important documents and tools of rehabilitation at international level, including United Nations Results:The framework, classifications, diagnosis and description of diseases and functioning, coding, intervention and functioning evaluation based on ICD-11, ICF and ICHI-β-2 had been established for development and implementation of rehabilitation guidelines and Cochrane rehabilitation. Conclusion:The framework and systematic approaches of ontology, classification, terminology, coding, diagnosis and

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905734

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the background, framework and approach, contents and implementation of WHO Rehabilitation in Health System using approaches of ICF and WHO Handbook for Guideline Development. The actions and significances of implementations of seven recommendations and one good practice statements on assistive products had been discussed.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905473

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and related factors of unmet needs of nursing care and service for adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities. Methods:A total of 127 547 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities were sampled. Descriptive statistics and multiple response analysis were conducted, and a structural equation model of unmet needs of nursing care and received the services was developed. Results:A total of 26 038 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs of rehabilitation, including nursing care (52.50%), medicine (36.90%), assistive device (20.90%), functional training (19.70%) and surgery (0.80%) respectively. A total of 11 640 adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported received rehabilitation services, including nursing care (49.90%), medicine (36.80%), functional training (19.10%), assistive device (14.10%) and surgery (1.00%) respectively. The structural equation model showed that received nursing care service (main effect = 0.646) and received rehabilitation services (included nursing care) (main effect = 0.014), age (main effect = 0.031), household registration (main effect = 0.015) and educational level (main effect = -0.158) had effects on unmet needs of nursing care (P < 0.001). Conclusion:Adults with extremely severe and severe intellectual disabilities reported unmet needs mainly involved in field of nursing care, and their rehabilitation services mapped to their main needs. It proposed to develop rehabilitation services tailored to their rehabilitation experience, age, socioeconomic status, functional conditions and characteristic of unmet needs, to develop accessible services items and individualized nursing care programs, and to expand the nursing care service supply and coverage of nursing care.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and the influential factors of unmet needs and services development of rehabilitation for people with extremely severe hearing disability (PSHDs). Methods:A total of 90 052 PSHDs were included. Multiple response was used to analyze the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation. The structural equation model of the received service and unmet needs of PSHDs was developed. Results:The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (61.5%), nursing care (24.1%), medicine (23.4%), functional training (17.6%) and surgery (2.5%). The reporting rate of received service for PSHDs, from high to low, were assistive devices (58.3%), nursing care (24.4%), medicine (22.4%), functional training (22.0%) and surgery (2.2%). Structural Equation Model showed that the more services received, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001); the better family income situation, the more needs for cochlear implantation surgery (P < 0.001); and age factor had significant effects on the unmet needs of cochlear implantation surgery and speech therapy (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PSHDs reported unmet needs and received services mainly included assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and functional rehabilitation training. Those PSHDs who had received services would report more demand of unmet needs, supposed that improving the accessibility and coverage of services should be emphasized in the development of rehabilitation services. According to ICF model, on the basis of the characteristics of the unmet needs of PSHDs, it proposed to take measures to implement precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with hearing disability (PHD). Methods:A total of 219 473 PHDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled (2019) and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation with multiple response analysis, and the related factors of needs and services with Logistic regression. Results:There were 47 657 (21.7%) PHDs reported their unmet needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (65.5%), medicine (22.7%), nursing care (19.1%), functional training (16.2%) and surgery (2.2%). There were 34 684 (18.8%) PHDs reported their received services, from high to low were assistive devices (59.8%), medicine (22.5%), functional training (19.7%), nursing care (19.4%) and surgery (1.8%). The logistic regression model showed that age, types of household registration and severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PHDs mainly reported unmet needs in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and rehabilitation training. The reported unmet needs for PHDs had matched the received services structurally. It proposed to use modern science and technology to develop services delivery and to improve accessibility and quality of rehabilitation services.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of needs and development of rehabilitation services for people with visual disability (PVD). Methods:A total of 241 865 PVDs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:There were 50 882 (21.0%) PVDs reported their needs of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (56.5%), medicine (29.0%), nursing care (24.6%), functional training (15.5%), and surgery (4.2%). There were 43 492 (18.0%) PVDs reported their received services of rehabilitation, from high to low were assistive devices (55.0%), medicine (21.6 %), nursing care (20.8%), functional training (20.7%) and surgery (2.3%). The logistic regression model showed that severities of disabilities related with the reported unmet needs and received services (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PVDs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, medicine, and nursing care. There is match structure of unmet needs and received services. It is important to provide accessible information environment. Information and communication technology (ICT) are proposed to assistive technology services for PVDs to enhance their capacity of information acquisition and to promote their participations.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation for people with physical disabilities (PWPs). Methods:A total of 1 512 438 PWPs administration data of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation at provincial level were sampled and analyzed the characteristics of needs and services of rehabilitation, and the related factors of needs and services. Results:The reported unmet needs of PWPs from high to low were assistive devices assistive devices (55.9%), nursing care (27.0%), medicine (26.3%), functional training (23.9%) and surgery (2.3%). Received service of rehabilitation. The services of rehabilitation for PWPs arranged as assistive devices (48.2%), nursing caring (26.4%), functional training (24.3%), medicine (19.5%) and surgery (1.4%). The logistic regression model showed that age and severity of disabilities had significant effect on the reported unmet needs of rehabilitation and received services for PWPs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:PWPs reported unmet needs mainly in the fields of assistive devices, nursing care, medicine and rehabilitation training. They received primary services included assistive devices, nursing care and rehabilitation training and therapies. The services development will emphasize the accessibility and coverage. According to ICF model, it proposed to take measures to implement individualized and precise rehabilitation services to improve the quality of services.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the status of disability, characteristics of unmet needs and services of rehabilitation and their related factors for adults with disabilities (AWDs). Methods:A total of 2 315 498 AWDs were sampled from the provincial level administration data (2019). Multiple response analysis was used to analysis the disability status of AWDs, characteristics of unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation, and related factors were explored with Logistic regression. Results:The distribution of disabilities for AWDs from high to low were physical disabilities (62.2%), visual disabilities (9.9%), intellectual disabilities (8.4%), mental disorders (7.3%), hearing disabilities (6.9%), multiple disabilities (2.8%) and speech disabilities (2.5%). The reporting rate of unmet needs of rehabilitation for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (49.0%), medicine (33.3%), nursing care (27.7%), functional training (20.2%) and surgery (1.9%). The reporting rate of received service for AWDs from high to low were assistive devices (44.1%), nursing care (26.6%), medicine (25.9%), functional training (22.2%) and surgery (1.3%). The logistic regression model shown that types and severities of disabilities had significant effects on unmet needs and received services of rehabilitation for AWDs (P < 0.001). Conclusion:The reporting of unmet needs for AWDs had been influenced by their functioning and disability. There were gaps between unmet needs and received services. It proposed to develop precise and individualized reporting of unmet needs and service programs for AWDs.

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