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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 232-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920758

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia among physical examination populations at ages of 35 to 75 years in Karamay City of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, so as to provide insights into the management of chronic disease control.@*Methods@#Residents receiving physical examinations at ages of 35 to 75 years were sampled from 9 communities in Karamay City using the cluster random sampling method. Demographic features and health-related behaviors were collected using questionnaires, and the height, weight, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose and blood lipid levels were measured. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia was descriptively analyzed, and their risk factors were identified using multivariable logistic regression analysis.@*Results@# A total of 32 556 subjects were sampled, including 12 354 males ( 37.95% ) and 20 202 females ( 62.05% ), with a mean age of ( 56.63±12.78 ) years. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia was 31.72%, 12.18% and 28.69%, and the common comorbidity was dyslipidemia with hypertension ( 2 483 cases, 7.63% ). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified men ( OR=1.362, 1.823 and 1.130 ), ages of ≥40 years ( OR=3.327-14.019, 2.870-15.337 and 1.530-2.092 ), a family history of chronic diseases ( OR=1.147, 1.249 and 1.200 ), smoking ( OR=1.111, 1.464 and 1.248 ), meat-based diet ( OR=2.081, 2.266 and 1.110 ), vegetable-based diet ( OR=0.479, 0.353 and 0.634 ), underweight ( OR=0.504, 0.298 and 0.546 ), overweight ( OR=1.872, 1.565 and 1.289 ) and obesity ( OR=2.840, 2.177 and 1.230 ) as common influencing factors for hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia.@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of hypertension is high among physical examination populations at ages of 35 to 75 years in Karamay City. Gender, age, a family history of chronic diseases, smoking, diet habits and body mass index are common factors affecting hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920581

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the correlation between the scores of masculinity and femininity and parental rearing pattern in lower grade primary school students in Xiamen, and to provide a policy suggestions and reference basis for establishing a correct concept of gender role among children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A cluster random sampling method was used to select 823 students from two primary schools in Xiamen. Masculinity and femininity scores were assessed by Children s Sex Role Inventory(CSRI), while attitudes and behaviors of parental rearing pattern were obtained through EMBU. Regression analyses were used to analyze the correlation between masculinity and femininity scores and parental rearing pattern.@*Results@#Masculinity scored 2.82 ( 2.41 ,3.24) and 2.82 (2.47,3.18), femininity scored 2.87 (2.40,3.20) and 3.13 (2.73,3.47) among boys and girls, with no significant gender difference ( P >0.05). Masculinity and femininity scores varied significantly by parental emotional warmth and understanding(father: Z/H =44.61, 37.24;mother: Z/H=41.68, 46.64, P <0.05). Among boys, increasing parental emotional warmth and understanding and paternal excessive interference were associated with higher masculinity and femininity scores. Increasing rejection and maternal deny were associated with lower masculinity scores. Among girls, increasing the understanding of emotional warmth of fathers was associated with masculinity and femininity scores, increasing excessive interference from mothers was associated with lower masculinity scores ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are gender differences in the relationship between parental rearing pattern and masculinity and femininity scores. In particular, increasing parents emotional warmth and understanding and reducing mothers punishment and harshness, rejection and denial, and other negative parenting styles could facilitate healthy development of masculinity and femininity among primary school students.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 171-175, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920579

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between masculine and feminine traits, gender role in students and family factors, and to provide a scientific basis for promoting the healthy development of children and adolescents gender role.@*Methods@#Cluster random sampling method was used to selected 823 students from 2 schools of Xiamen in May, 2018, participants were asked to report individual masculine and feminine traits through the Child s Sex Role Inventory, and then gender role was divided into four types (masculine, feminine, androgynous, undifferentiated). Non parametric tests, generalized linear model, and Logistic regression model were used to explore the association between masculine and feminine traits, gender role and family factors.@*Results@#Compared with the boys from the nuclear family, the masculine traits were lower in boys of other families by 0.282( 95% CI = -0.452 --0.110), and the feminine traits were also lower by 0.192 (95% CI =-0.369--0.014). Compared with boys of middle socioeconomic status (SES), the masculine traits of boys from low SES decreased by 0.157 (95% CI =-0.286--0.029), and the feminine traits decreased by 0.140 (95% CI =-0.274--0.005). The proportion of androgynous in boys from other families was significantly lower than boys from the nuclear family ( OR =0.45, 95% CI =0.21-0.94), with the proportion of undifferentiated significantly higher than nuclear family 2.33 (95% CI =1.22-4.44). The proportion of androgynous in boys from low SES was significantly lower than boys from middle SES ( OR =0.59, 95% CI =0.35-0.99), with the proportion of undifferentiated significantly higher than middle SES 1.62 (95% CI =1.00-2.65). Among girls, the differences in masculine and feminine traits and gender role of different family factors were not statistically significant ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#The masculine and feminine traits and gender role in students are associated with family structures and socioeconomic status, especially in boys. Therefore, the family environment is an important factor affecting children s gender role, and the healthy development of children s gender role needs parents attention and correct guidance.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the clinical features of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES).Methods:The medical history and follow-up data of 5 children with FPIES diagnosed in Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from July 2018 to September 2019 were collected, and their clinical characteristics were summarized and analyzed.Results:Five children with FPIES were all infants, including 3 females and 2 males.Before the onset of the disease, the cases visited multiple departments and the average number of visits before diagnosis was 3.There were 4 cases of milk protein allergy and 1 case of egg white allergy.The patients had acute vomiting [5 cases (100%)], diarrhea [4 cases (80%)], early shock symptoms [5 cases (100%)], transient fever [2 cases (40%)]. Hematogenous leukocytes were increased in 3 cases (60%), C-reactive protein was increased in 1 case (20%), faecal leukocytes(+ )[2 cases (40%)], occult blood (+ ) [1 case (20%)]. Four cases were tested for food allergen specific IgE, of which 2 cases (40%) were positive for milk protein.After avoiding allergens, 3 patients (60%) needed intravenous rehydration treatment and 2 cases (40%) received oral rehydration treatment.The above 5 cases recovered quickly.Three patients (60%) used antibiotics.Four cases (80%) of the first-degree relatives of FPIES had a clear history of allergy.Families of children with FPIES had low awareness of the disease before the diagnosis was made, and the allergens were strictly avoided according to the doctor′s instructions after the diagnosis was made.Similar allergic reactions did not occur again, and complementary foods were gradua-lly added under the guidance of the doctor.Two patients had multiple food allergies.The body weight and length of 2 children with growth retardation were catching up with each other.Conclusions:FPIES is a serious food allergy related gastrointestinal disease which is easy to be misdiagnosed clinically.The diagnosis requires a combination of the family and personal allergy history, diet records, the characteristic performance of disease onset, the effect of diet avoi-dance and the necessary differential diagnosis.The long-term management and monitoring after diagnosis is also very important.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 524-529, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To k now about t he current situation of pre-prescription review in medical institutions in China ,and provide reference for quality improvement of pre-prescription review in medical institutions. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed , the Cochrane library ,EMbase(Ovid platform ),CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang databases ,the studies about pre-prescription review in medical institutions in China were collected during the inception to Mar. 2020. After data extraction of the literatures met the inclusion and exclusion criteria ,descriptive analysis was used. RESULTS :A total of 38 literatures were included ,involving 29 medical institutions ,of which 25 were third-grade class-A medical institutions (86.21%),22 comprehensive medical institutions (75.86%);pre-prescription review was carried out from 2007 to 2019. Totally 84.62% of medical institutions adopted the mode of “systematic review+manual review ”,and the main audited prescriptions were outpatient (emergency)prescriptions(76.00%). Medical institutions adopting this mode mainly adopted the mode that auditing pharmacists rechecked the problem prescriptions intercepted by the system. The average manual review time of problem prescriptions in 8 medical institutions was within 60 s;the number of auditing pharmacists in 16 reported medical institutions ranged from 1 to 8,and educational degree of auditing pharmacists in 1 reported medical institution were bachelor degree or above. Their professional titles of 6 reported medical institutions were junior or above (83.33%). Eleven medical institutions had full-time auditing posts (90.91%). Success rate of problem prescription intervention was 93.99% ;pre-prescription review could increase the qualification rate of prescription. CONCLUSION:The pre-prescription review in medical institutions in China has achieved certain results ,but still faces some problems,such as imperfect information system ,insufficient ability of auditing pharmacists and poor communication between doctors and pharmacists ,which will be the aspects that should be paid attention to in the future.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes in oxidative stress and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>)/Smad signaling pathway in hippocampal tissue of senile depressed mice after chronic unpredictable mild stress and to explore the possible anti-depression mechanism of Bushen Shugan prescription. Method:Ninety five-month-old mice were randomly divided into six groups, namely the normal group, senile depression model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups, and fluoxetine group, with 15 in each group. Mice in all groups, except for the normal group, were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for inducing the senile depression. Since the first day of modeling, the mice in the high-, medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups were gavaged with 19.5, 9.75, 4.87 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Bushen Shugan prescription, the ones in the fluoxetine group with 0.033 g·kg<sup>-1 </sup>fluoxetine, and those in the normal and senile depression model groups with an equal volume of normal saline for 21 successive days. The behavioral responses of mice in each group were evaluated in the open field test (OFT), and the hippocampal tissues of mice were collected for testing the relevant indexes. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) content was determined by WST-1 method, malondialdehyde (MDA) content by TBA method, glutathione (GSH) content by micro enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and mRNA expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, Smad3, and Smad7 by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the normal group, the senile depression model group exhibited significantly lowered horizontal and vertical scores in OFT, decreased SOD and GSH contents in hippocampal tissues, elevated MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05), up-regulated TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, and Smad3 mRNA expression, and down-regulated Smad7 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the senile depression model group, Bushen Shugan prescription at the high, medium, and low doses and fluoxetine all increased SOD and GSH contents in mouse hippocampal tissues, decreased the MDA content (<italic>P</italic><0.05), down-regulated the mRNA expression of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2, and Smad3 in hippocampal tissues, and up-regulated the Smad7 mRNA expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The comparison with the high-dose Bushen Shugan prescription group showed that the SOD and GSH contents in hippocampal tissues of mice in the medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups declined significantly, while the MDA contents rose significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Besides, the mRNA expression levels of TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, Smad2 and Smad3 in the hippocampal tissues of mice in the medium- and low-dose Bushen Shugan prescription groups were significantly up-regulated, and those of Smad7 were significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Bushen Shugan prescription alleviates the depression symptoms in aged SAPM8 mice possibly by regulating the hippocampal oxidative stress and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>/Smad signaling pathway.

7.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 271-287, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903819

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postoperative pain management is crucial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There have been many recent clinical trials on post-TKA peripheral nerve block; however, they have reported inconsistent findings. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to comprehensively analyze studies on post-TKA analgesia to provide evidence-based clinical suggestions. @*Methods@#We performed a computer-based query of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science to retrieve related articles using neurothe following search terms: nerve block, nerve blockade, chemodenervation, chemical neurolysis, peridural block, epidural anesthesia, extradural anesthesia, total knee arthroplasty, total knee replacement, partial knee replacement, and others. After quality evaluation and data extraction, we analyzed the complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, patient satisfaction, perioperative opioid dosage, and rehabilitation indices. Evidence was rated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. @*Results@#We included 16 randomized controlled trials involving 981 patients (511 receiving peripheral nerve block and 470 receiving epidural block) in the final analysis. Compared with an epidural block, a peripheral nerve block significantly reduced complications. There were no significant between-group differences in the postoperative VAS score, patient satisfaction, perioperative opioid dosage, and rehabilitation indices. @*Conclusions@#Our findings demonstrate that the peripheral nerve block is superior to the epidural block in reducing complications without compromising the analgesic effect and patient satisfaction. Therefore, a peripheral nerve block is a safe and effective postoperative analgesic method with encouraging clinical prospects.

8.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 271-287, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896115

ABSTRACT

Background@#Postoperative pain management is crucial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There have been many recent clinical trials on post-TKA peripheral nerve block; however, they have reported inconsistent findings. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to comprehensively analyze studies on post-TKA analgesia to provide evidence-based clinical suggestions. @*Methods@#We performed a computer-based query of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science to retrieve related articles using neurothe following search terms: nerve block, nerve blockade, chemodenervation, chemical neurolysis, peridural block, epidural anesthesia, extradural anesthesia, total knee arthroplasty, total knee replacement, partial knee replacement, and others. After quality evaluation and data extraction, we analyzed the complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, patient satisfaction, perioperative opioid dosage, and rehabilitation indices. Evidence was rated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. @*Results@#We included 16 randomized controlled trials involving 981 patients (511 receiving peripheral nerve block and 470 receiving epidural block) in the final analysis. Compared with an epidural block, a peripheral nerve block significantly reduced complications. There were no significant between-group differences in the postoperative VAS score, patient satisfaction, perioperative opioid dosage, and rehabilitation indices. @*Conclusions@#Our findings demonstrate that the peripheral nerve block is superior to the epidural block in reducing complications without compromising the analgesic effect and patient satisfaction. Therefore, a peripheral nerve block is a safe and effective postoperative analgesic method with encouraging clinical prospects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921647

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the mechanism of action of Gynostemma pentaphyllum in the treatment of metabolism associa-ted fatty liver disease(MAFLD) by network pharmacology and molecular docking. The main active components and action targets of G. pentaphyllum were collected from TCMSP. Disease-related targets were obtained from GeneCards, OMIM and TTD, and the common targets of the three databases were screened out, which were converted to the genes with standard names by UniProt. The drug-disease common target genes were obtained through Venn tool and uploaded to STRING for the construction of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network. Cytoscape was used to construct and analyze the drug-active component-common target-disease network. The gene ontology(GO) analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the common targets by DAVID. Pymol was adopted to perform molecular docking of active components and the common targets and predict their binding ability. Twenty-four active components(such as gypenosides, quercetin and sitosterol) of G. pentaphyllum were screened out. Ninety-two targets were obtained and 54 common targets were identified. Key targets included TNF, IL6, PTGS2, TP53, CCL2 and VEGFA. GO analysis on biological processes, molecular functions and cellular components and KEGG pathway analysis were performed, and the results indicated that NF-κB, PI3 K-Akt, TNF and HIF-1 signaling pathways were mainly involved. Molecular docking results showed that gypenosides and quercetin had a strong binding ability to TNF, IL6 and PTGS2. The findings of this study revealed that the therapeutic efficacy of G. pentaphyllum on MAFLD might be achieved by resisting inflammation and oxidative stress and improving insulin resistance, providing ideas and a theoretical basis for the development and application of G. pentaphyllum in the treatment of MAFLD.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gynostemma , Liver Diseases , Molecular Docking Simulation , Signal Transduction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912725

ABSTRACT

Under the diagnosis-related groups(DRG) prospective payment system, innovative health technologies with high costs and risks may be limited to some extent. How to balance the increase of health care cost and the development of innovative health technology is a difficult problem to be solved in the current reform. By studying the relatively mature payment systems of innovative health technologies in the world, the authors found that countries generally adopted additional payment or compensation to encourage the development of new technologies. But at the same time, a relatively perfect health technology assessment and payment management mechanism had been established to ensure the standardized operation of payment plan. These international advanced experience and practice could provide references for China′s innovative health technology payment strategy under the DRG payment system. It is suggested to establish a scientific and reasonable assessment mechanism of innovative health technology, create a special access channel for innovative health technology with limited short-term evidence, and gradually form a long-term incentive mechanism of innovative health technology in DRG payment system.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impacts of radioactivity in foods since begining of the operation of the Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant (HNPP).Methods:The levels of radioactivity in foods collected within 30 km of HNPP from 2013 to 2020 were analyzed by comparison of the control samples and those collected before the operation. The impacts on the operation of the HNPP on foods were evaluated.Results:The man-made radionuclides such as 131I, 134Cs, 60Co, 58Co, 110Ag m were not found in food samples. The nautral radionuclides such as 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 40K were at the normal levels, with the average levels of (0.088±0.053), (0.155±0.178), (0.314±0.388)and(81.3±18.1)Bq/kg(fresh weight)in foods, respectively. The average levels of man-made nuclide 137Cs in foods were (0.013±0.010) Bq/kg (fresh weight). There was no increase in radionuclide levels compared with the control samples and the samples before the operation. Conclusions:The impacts on foods due to the operation of HNPP was not found.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1068-1072, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between growth patterns and blood pressure in children and adolescents with different nutritional status.@*Methods@#A total of 38 839 children and adolescents aged 6 to 8 years old were included in this study by stratified cluster sampling. The American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 Guideline was used to evaluate the blood pressure, the US 2000 CDC standard was used to determine different growth patterns, and the WHO Child and Adolescent Growth and Development Standard issued in 2007 was used to evaluate nutritional status. Variance analyses were used to compare the levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and growth patterns by nutritional status, and χ 2 test was used to compare the difference of prevalence. Multivariate Logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between growth patterns and blood pressure.@*Results@#The proportion of normal growth, catch up growth and catch down growth was 33.2%, 41.6% and 25.2%, respectively. Under different growth patterns, systolic blood pressure (105.17±12.33) mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure (66.55±8.75) mm Hg of catch up growth were higher than those of normal growth and catch down growth. In overweight and obesity, the prevalence of hypertension (24.9%), high systolic blood pressure (18.9%) and high diastolic blood pressure (15.0%) in catch up growth were higher than those in normal growth and catch down growth ( P <0.05). The risk of catch up growth to hypertension was higher in overweight and obesity ( OR =1.18, 95% CI =1.06-1.31) than in normal children and adolescents ( OR =1.15, 95% CI =1.05-1.27).@*Conclusion@#In catch up growth children and adolescents, hypertension and high blood pressure are higher than normal growth and catch down growth. Overweight and obesity than normal children and adolescents have a higher risk of hypertension.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1196-1199, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877382

ABSTRACT

@#As one of the important contents of eyes, aqueous humor is always in dynamic circulation. When any part of the outflow is blocked, the aqueous humor outflow(AHO)circulation will break down, and followed by the increase of intraocular pressure, the damaged visual function, and the optic nerve injury. At last, the glaucoma occurs. Therefore, it can promote to locate the blocked part by observing the structure of the AHO and evaluating its function state, so as to clarify the pathogenesis of primary open angle glaucoma. Current imaging techniques for AHO pathway include optical coherence tomography(OCT)and angiography of outflow. This article will review the research progress of structure and function imaging of AHO.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 515-518, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876357

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between the combined effect of height growth and overweight/obesity with elevated blood pressure in Chinese children.@*Methods@#Based on a cohort study of puberty development in Xiamen, a cluster sampling method was used to select 1 313 children whose complete height, weight and blood pressure levels at baseline were obtained in 2017 and during a follow up in 2019. The incidence of elevated blood pressure was compared between four different subgroups, and multivariate Logistic regression was performed to analyze the combined effect in boys and girls.@*Results@#Among 1 313 children, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure at baseline was 25.2%. After 2 years of follow up, the incidence of elevated blood pressure was 19.7% and 23.4% in boys, and 16.6% in girls. After adjusting for factors including age, sex, family history of hypertension, sleep time, intake of fruits, vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages, and meat products, multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that children in the high height growth and overweight/obesity group were more likely to exhibit a higher incidence of elevated blood pressure (overall:RR=2.41,95%CI=1.44-4.04;boys:RR=2.69,95%CI=1.45-5.02). Among girls, the risk of elevated blood pressure in the low height growth and overweight/obesity group also increased significantly (RR=4.47, 95%CI=1.45-13.75).@*Conclusion@#A large magnitude of height growth and being overweight/obesity were associated with elevated blood pressure in children, especially boys. Therefore, interventions that are targeted toward obesity prevention in children before pubertal growth spurts in height may be beneficial to reduce childhood high blood pressure.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781339

ABSTRACT

With the development of industrial robot technology, robotics has entered the medical field, and the research and development of new robots for many medical applications have become a significant research direction in global robotics. Robots are widely used in various aspects of dentistry, such as prosthodontics, orthodontics, implants, endodontics, and oral surgery. This article mainly introduces the application of robots in stomatology from the above five aspects.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Humans , Oral Medicine , Orthodontics , Robotics , Surgery, Oral
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between the distribution of lower limb alignment and short term clinical efficacy in patients with varus-type osteoarthritis after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From December 2016 to March 2018, 87 patients (101 knees) with knee osteoarthritis were treated with the first total knee arthroplasty by the same medical group, including 21 males(25 knees) and 66 females(76 knees), ranging in age from 51 to 85 years old, with a mean of (67.6±7.0) years old. According to the difference of hip knee ankle angle (HKA) after total knee arthroplasty, the patients were divided into 4 groups:neutral position group (group A), -3°≤HKA≤3°, 50 knees;slight varus group (group B), 3°0.05). There was no significant difference in knee joint activity among the 4 groups. The score of femoral prosthesis force line within ±3°was better than that of the other group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The short term clinical efficacy of patients with knee varus osteoarthritis after primary total knee arthroplasty is related to the distribution of lower limbs alignment. The short-term clinical efficacy of slight inversion position can be similar to that of neutral position. The force line distribution of femoral prosthesis is related to the short term clinical efficacy after primary knee arthroplasty.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Female , Humans , Knee , Knee Joint , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827790

ABSTRACT

This study engineered β-carotene ketolase CrtW and β-carotene hydroxylase CrtZ to improve biosynthesis of astaxanthin in Escherichia coli. Firstly, crtW was randomly mutated to increase CrtW activities on conversion from β-carotene to astaxanthin. A crtW* mutant with A6T, T105A and L239M mutations has improved 5.35-fold astaxanthin production compared with the wild-type control. Secondly, the expression levels of crtW* and crtZ on chromosomal were balanced by simultaneous modulation RBS regions of their genes using RBS library. The strain RBS54 selected from RBS library, directed the pathway exclusively towards the desired product astaxanthin as predominant carotenoid (99%). Lastly, the number of chromosomal copies of the balanced crtW-crtZ cassette from RBS54 was increased using a Cre-loxP based technique, and a strain with 30 copies of the crtW*-crtZ cassette was selected. This final strain DL-A008 had a 9.8-fold increase of astaxanthin production compared with the wild-type control. Fed-batch fermentation showed that DL-A008 produced astaxanthin as predominant carotenoid (99%) with a specific titer of 0.88 g·L without addition of inducer. In conclusion, through constructing crtW mutation, balancing the expression levels between crtW* and crtZ, and increasing the copy number of the balanced crtW*-crtZ cassette, the activities of β-carotene ketolase and β-carotene hydroxylase were improved for conversion of β-carotene to astaxanthin with higher efficiency. The series of conventional and novel metabolic engineering strategies were designed and applied to construct the astaxanthin hetero-producer strain of E. coli, possibly offering a general approach for the construction of stable hetero-producer strains for other natural products.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-282, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812012

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of high blood pressure in adolescent children and adolescents in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province, China. To analyze age , gender-and age* gender-spectific classification of blood pressure to height ratio for screening high blood pressure in adolescence.@*Methods@#Anthropometric parameters were measured in 26 068 Han students aged 10 to 17 participating in the routine physical examination in Jiamusi, Heilongjiang Province. Using the receive operating characteristic curve to determine the cutoffs for screening high blood pressure by three classification methods. The area under curve( AUC ), sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+ LR ), negative likelihood ratio (- LR ), positive predictive value (PPV ), negative predictive value ( NPV ), and Kappa value were used for evaluation.@*Results@#The detection rate of high blood pressure in children and adolescents was 22.7%. When screening high blood pressure in adolescence, the AUC , sensitivity, specificity, +LR, -LR, PPV, NPV , and Kappa values of the gender classification were 0.87, 95.0%, 79.1%, 4.56, 0.06, 57.2%, 98.2% , 0.60, respectively; the age classification were 0.89, 93.3%, 84.5%, 6.04, 0.08, 64.0%, 97.7%, 0.67, respectively; the age-gender classification were 0.90, 94.3%, 85.5%, 6.52, 0.07, 65.7%, 98.1%, 0.69, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive values of the three methods were higher, but the positive predictive value was lower. The age-gender classification had the highest AUC and Kappa value and the lowest were gender classification.@*Conclusion@#The age-gender classification has the best screening effect, but it is relatively complicated. The age classification has a good screening effect and it is more convenient. Both methods are recommended for screening for high blood pressure during puberty.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811640

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the positive rate for 2019-nCoV tests and co-infections in Wuhan district.@*Methods@#A total of 8 274 cases in Wuhan were enrolled in this cross-sectional study during January 20 to February 9, 2020, and were tested for 2019-nCoV using fluorescence quantitative PCR. Both respiratory tract samples (nasopharynx, oropharynx, sputum and alveolar lavage fluid) and non-respiratory tract samples (urine, feces, anal swabs, blood and conjunctival sac swabs) were collected. If both orf1ab and N genes are positive, they are classified as nucleic acid test positive group; if both orf1ab and N genes are negative, they are classified as negative group; if single gene target is positive, they are classified as suspicious group. Individuals were divided into male group and female group according to sex. At the same time, 316 patients were tested for 13 respiratory pathogens by multiplex PCR.@*Results@#Among the 8 274 subjects, 2 745 (33.2%) were 2019-nCoV infected; 5 277 (63.8%) subjects showed negative results in the 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test; and 252 cases (3.05%) was not definitive (inconclusive result). The age of cases with COVID-19 patients and inconclusive cases was significantly higher than that of cases without 2019-nCoV infection (40 vs 56, t=27.569, P<0.001; 52 vs 56, t=6.774, P<0.001). The positive rate of 13 respiratory pathogens multiple tests was significantly lower in 104 subjects who were positive for 2019-nCoV compared with those in subjects who were negative for 2019-nCoV test (5.77% vs 18.39%, χ2=24.105, P=0.003). Four types of respiratory tract samples and five types of non-respiratory tract samples were found to be positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test.@*Conclusion@#The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid positive rate in male is higher than in female. Co-infections should be pay close attention in COVID-19 patients. 2019-nCoV nucleic acid can be detected in non-respiratory tract samples.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the positive rate for 2019-nCoV tests and co-infections in Wuhan district.Methods:A total of 8 274 cases in Wuhan were enrolled in this cross-sectional study during January 20 to February 9 in 2020, and were tested for 2019-nCoV using fluorescence quantitative PCR. Both respiratory tract samples (nasopharynx, oropharynx, sputum and alveolar lavage fluid) and non-respiratory tract samples (urine, feces, anal swabs, blood and conjunctival sac swabs) were collected. If both orf1ab and N genes are positive, they are classified as nucleic acid test positive group; if both orf1ab and N genes are negative, they are classified as negative group; if single gene target is positive, they are classified as suspicious group. Individuals were divided into male group and female group according to sex. At the same time, 316 patients were tested for 13 respiratory pathogens by multiplex PCR.Results:Among the 8 274 subjects, 2 745 (33.17%) were 2019-nCoV infected; 5 277 (63.77%) subjects showed negative results in the 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test; and 252 cases (3.05%) was not definitive (inconclusive result). The age of cases with COVID-19 patients and inconclusive cases was significantly higher than that of cases without 2019-nCoV infection (56>40, t=27.569, P<0.001; 52>40, t=6.774, P<0.001). The positive rate of 13 respiratory pathogens multiple tests was significantly lower in 104 subjects who were positive for 2019-nCoV compared with those in subjects who were negative for 2019-nCoV test (5.77% vs 18.39%, χ 2=24.105, P=0.003). Four types of respiratory tract samples and five types of non-respiratory tract sampleswere found to be positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid test. Conclusion:The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid positive rate inmale is higher than infemale. Co-infections should be pay close attention in COVID-19 patients. 2019-nCoV nucleic acid can be detected in non-respiratory tract samples.

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