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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy with congenital heart defects (CHD) in offspring, and to establish a model for predicting the probability of CHD based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*METHODS@#Based on the prospective birth cohort study in Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital in 2010-2012, a nested case-control study was conducted for the follow-up observation of 14 359 pregnant women. Among the pregnant women, 97 pregnant women whose offspring were diagnosed with CHD during follow-up were enrolled as the CHD group, and 194 pregnant women whose offspring had no CHD were selected as the control group. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure the levels of heavy metals and trace elements in maternal blood samples and fetal umbilical cord blood samples. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between heavy metal and trace elements and CHD in offspring. A nomogram model for predicting the probability of CHD in offspring was established based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the CHD group had significantly higher levels of aluminum (Al), natrium (Na), calcium (Ca), titanium (Ti), selenium (Se), strontium (Sr), stannum (Sn), stibium (Sb), barium (Ba), and thorium (Th) in maternal blood samples (P<0.05), as well as significantly higher levels of Al, zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg), kalium (K), Ca, Ti, chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), arsenic (As), Se, Sr, argentum (Ag), cadmium (Cd), Sn, and plumbum (Pb) in umbilical cord blood (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the increase in the Sb level in maternal blood was associated with the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=4.81, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.65-14.07, P=0.004], while in umbilical cord blood, the high levels of Al (aOR=4.22, 95%CI: 1.35-13.16, P=0.013), Mg (aOR=8.00, 95%CI: 1.52-42.08, P=0.014), and Pb (aOR=3.82, 95%CI: 0.96-15.23, P=0.049) were significantly associated with the risk of CHD in offspring. The levels of Al, Th, and Sb in maternal blood and levels of Al, Mg, and Pb in umbilical cord blood were included in the predictive model for CHD in offspring based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy, and the calibration curve of the nomogram predictive model was close to the ideal curve.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increases in the levels of Al, Th, Sb, Mg, and Pb during pregnancy may indicate the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring, and the nomogram predictive model based on these indices can be used to predict the probability of CHD in offspring.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/etiology , Humans , Metals, Heavy , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , Trace Elements/analysis
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 109-115, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928499

ABSTRACT

Damage to sperm DNA was proposed to play an important role in embryonic development. Previous studies focused on outcomes after fresh embryo transfer, whereas this study investigated the influence of sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) on laboratory and clinical outcomes after frozen embryo transfer (FET). This retrospective study examined 381 couples using cleavage-stage FET. Sperm used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF) underwent density gradient centrifugation and swim up processing. Sperm DFI had a negative correlation with sperm motility (r = -0.640, P < 0.01), sperm concentration (r = -0.289, P < 0.01), and fertilization rate of IVF cycles (r = -0.247, P < 0.01). Sperm DFI examined before and after density gradient centrifugation/swim up processing was markedly decreased after processing (17.1% vs 2.4%, P < 0.01; 65 randomly picked couples). Sperm progressive motility was significantly reduced in high DFI group compared with low DFI group for both IVF and ICSI (IVF: 46.9% ± 12.4% vs 38.5% ± 12.6%, respectively; ICSI: 37.6% ± 14.1% vs 22.3% ± 17.8%, respectively; both P < 0.01). The fertilization rate was significantly lower in high ( ≥25%) DFI group compared with low (<25%) DFI group using IVF (73.3% ± 23.9% vs 53.2% ± 33.6%, respectively; P < 0.01) but was equivalent in high and low DFI groups using ICSI. Embryonic development and clinical outcomes after FET were equivalent for low and high DFI groups using ICSI or IVF. In this study, sperm DFI did not provide sufficient information regarding embryo development or clinical outcomes for infertile couples using FET.


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923336

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the etiology and epidemic characteristics of infectious diarrhea in children in Suzhou, and to provide a basis for accurate prevention and control. Methods Active surveillance of infectious diarrhea pathogens was carried out in a national sentinel surveillance hospital in Suzhou from 2018 to 2020. Epidemiological investigation was completed and stool samples were collected. All samples were detected and classified for 5 viruses and 6 types of bacteria. Results A total of 999 cases of infectious diarrhea were included, the detection rate of pathogen was 36.34%, virus was 31.41%, bacteria was 6.31%, and multi-pathogen mixed infection was 4.8%. The top three pathogens were rotavirus (17.92%), norovirus (12.51%) and Salmonella (3.4%). Both rotavirus diarrhea and norovirus diarrhea occurred most frequently in children aged 7-24 months, with peak incidence in winter and early spring. There was no obvious seasonal and age distribution of bacterial diarrhea. The multi-pathogen mixed infection was mainly virus-virus. G9[P]8 was the dominant genotype of rotavirus, while type 2 was the dominant type of norovirus in the cases of infectious diarrhea. Conclusion Infectious diarrhea in children under 5 years old in Suzhou area from 2018 to 2020 is mainly caused by viruses, among which rotavirus and norovirus are the dominant pathogens. Viral diarrhea has obvious population distribution and seasonal characteristics. The dominant pathogens of bacterial diarrhea are Salmonella and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 331-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922912

ABSTRACT

Ionic liquids (ILs) are liquid mixtures formed by anions and cations in a certain stoichiometric ratio under certain conditions. They are widely used in various fields because of their simple preparation process, low volatility, high stability, high conductivity and non-flammability. Here, we firstly introduce their formation principles, classification, and physical and chemical properties in detail. Then, we summarize their functions in pharmaceutical preparations, such as improving the solubility of insoluble drugs, enhancing the stability of drugs, and promoting the permeability of drugs, as well as their role as active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) to fabricate new drug delivery systems of API-ILs. Finally, we reviewed the applications of ILs in different administration routes, including oral, transdermal, mucosal, and injection routes, and meanwhile offer perspectives for the further use of ILs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the viral molecular mutations of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and host adaptability in Suzhou City.Methods:The throat swab specimens from nine local cases and six imported cases with 2019-nCoV viral nucleic acid test positive in Suzhou City were sequenced for the whole genome of the virus, and the Wuhan-Hu-1 strain was used as the reference sequence for alignment and analysis. The phylogenetic tree of the viral whole genome sequence was constructed by MEGA 7.0 software.Results:According to the Chinese typing method, Nextstrain typing method, Pangolin classification method and Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) typing method, the 15 2019-nCoV genome sequences could be divided into seven types, six types, eight types and five subtypes, respectively. Compared with Wuhan-Hu-1 strain, the median number of amino acid sequence mutation sites based on nucleotide translation was three (ranging from 0 to 12). D614G mutation of spike protein was identified from all six imported viral strains, which could enhance the transmissibility. No Alpha, Beta, or Gamma mutants, which also could enhance the transmissibility, was found in the genomic sequences of the imported cases. The median number of nucleotide mutation sites in 15 sequences was eight (ranging from three to 23).Conclusions:2019-nCoV is constantly mutating, and a variety of evolutionary lineages/genotypes have been derived. All imported viruses in Suzhou City carry mutations that can increase infectivity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873576

ABSTRACT

@#The changes of metabolic profile are closely related to external stimulus, and the concentration of the metabolite can directly reflect the physiological or pathological states of organisms. Therefore, the quantitative detection of metabolites is necessary. However, traditional targeted metabolomic methods have such drawbacks as narrow coverage and low sensitivity. In recent years, derivatization techniques have developed rapidly in the field of metabolomics. Derivatization reagents for amine, hydroxyl, carboxyl, carbonyl, hydrosulphonyl and other groups have been used in metabolomics research. This paper introduces various derivatization reactions and their applications according to group classification and reviewes the characteristics of multi-group derivatization techniques, with a propect of their research directions and challenges.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906138

ABSTRACT

Objective:Considering the efficacy of Gegen Qinliantang (GQT) in releasing exterior and clearing interior to alleviate dampness-heat dysentery, we analyzed the mechanism of the chloroform extract of GQT in alleviating enterotoxicity caused by irinotecan to provide an experimental basis for the development of GQT. Method:Kunming mice (<italic>n</italic>=60) were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a loperamide group (positive drug of loperamide hydrochloride capsule, 0.4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high- (2.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and low-dose (1.16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) GQT chloroform extract groups. The mouse model of delayed diarrhea was established by intraperitoneal injection of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11, 55 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) for four consecutive days, meanwhile, the mice in the blank group only received the same volume of normal saline. Corresponding drugs were administered by gavage on the fifth day, respectively, while the ones in the blank group and model group were given distilled water for five consecutive days. The general condition of mice in each group was observed, and diarrhea indexes of mice were recorded. Pathological changes in colon tissues of mice were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-<italic>α</italic>, interleukin (IL)-1<italic>β</italic>, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in colon tissues were detected with the assay kits. Furthermore, the expression levels of Kelch sample epoxy chloropropane associated protein 1 (Keap1), nuclear factor E<sub>2</sub> related factor 2 (Nrf2), tight junction protein-1 (ZO-1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and tight junction protein (Occludin) were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, the model group showed declined body weight and reduced contents of GSH-Px and SOD (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas increased diarrhea indexes and TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, COX-2, ICAM-1, MDA and NO levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Abundant inflammatory cells and colonic mucosa with defects, swelling, bleeding, and inflammatory exudation were revealed by HE staining in the mice of the model group. The expression levels of Keap1, Nrf2, ZO-1, HO-1 and Occludin in colon tissues significantly declined (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the loperamide group and the high- and low-dose GQT chloroform extract groups exhibited improved weight loss, reduced diarrhea indexes, diminished TNF-<italic>α</italic>,<italic> </italic>IL-1<italic>β</italic>, COX-2, ICAM-1, MDA and NO, and elevated GSH-Px and SOD. HE staining indicated that the cells were compactly arranged with clear nuclei in the high- and low-dose GQT chloroform extract groups, and the expression levels of Keap1, Nrf2, HO-1, Occludin, and ZO-1 were up-regulated. Conclusion:GQT chloroform extract may alleviate CPT-11-induced delayed diarrhea by regulating inflammation and oxidative stress for enhancing the intestinal barrier function. These findings are expected to provide a reference for exploring the toxicity-attenuating effect of Chinese medicinals on chemotherapy drugs and for developing famous classical formulas.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912455

ABSTRACT

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in aging and aging related diseases. Therefore, the clinical detection of AGEs is of great importance for the early prediction, intervention and long-term monitoring of above mentioned chronic diseases. There are various detection methods for assessment of AGEs, but due to the great heterogeneity and complex structure of AGEs, there is a lack of standardized detection method for AGEs so far. This review summarizes the current detection methods for AGEs and their advantages and disadvantages, aiming to highlight the future directions for the clinical detection of AGEs.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911448

ABSTRACT

To analyze the correlation between lipid profile and disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).A total of 307 Crohn′s disease (CD) patients, 232 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and 165 healthy subjects from the same geographic region were included. Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and lipoprotein(a)[Lp(a)] were retrieved from their medical records. Crohn disease activity index (CDAI) and Mayo scores were calculated as measurement of disease severity for CD and UC separately. Patients with CD and UC had lower TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C levels than those in control group ( P<0.05). Additionally, CDAI was negatively associated with TC, HDL-C and LDL-C levels ( r=-0.218, -0.210, -0.176, P<0.05), while TG level was not associated with CDAI. Mayo scores was not significantly associated with TC, HDL-C, LDL-C and TG. Patients with CD had higher Lp(a) levels than those in UC and control group ( P<0.05). Furthermore, patients with active CD had higher Lp (a) levels than those with inactive disease ( P<0.05).The Lp(a) levels in CD patients were positively associated with CDAI ( r=0.151, P<0.05), while Lp(a) level in UC group was nor assocriated with Mayo score. Patients with IBD have dyslipidemia and lipid profile is associated with disease activity in CD patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 859-864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of the diagnostic performance between the most recent 2018 version of liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS v2018) and 2017 version (LI-RADS v2017) based on gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MRI to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in high-risk patients.Methods:The clinical data and imaging findings of 237 patients in high-risk of HCC who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI and obtained postoperative or biopsy pathological results within one month from June 2016 to December 2019 in Tianjin Third Central Hospital were collected retrospectively. A total of 282 observations were obtained as study objects. Two independent radiologists blindly reviewed the preoperative MRI of all patients. The observations were categorized according to LI-RADS v2018 and v2017 respectively. The inter-observer agreement of the categorization between the two radiologists was tested by kappa analysis. With the LR-5 and LR-4+5 as the diagnosis of HCC, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the LI-RADS v2017 and LI-RADS v2018 were evaluated with postoperative histopathological results as references. The McNemar test was used to compare the diagnostic performance between the two versions.Results:The two physicians had good consistency in the categorization of observations, with kappa values between 0.536 and 0.793. Using LR-5 as the criterion for HCC diagnosis, the Youden index (0.687) of LI-RADS v2018 was higher than that of v2017 (0.612). The sensitivity [80.6% (166/206)] and accuracy [82.6% (233/282)] were both higher than those of LI-RADS v2017 [70.4% (145/206) and 75.9%(214/282)] (χ2=19.048, 14.087, both P<0.001). The specificity was slightly lower [88.2%(67/76) and 90.8%(69/76), respectively], but there was no statistical difference (χ2=0.500, P=0.500). With LR-4+5 as the diagnosis of HCC, the diagnostic performance of the two versions was the same. The sensitivity [91.3% (188/206)] and accuracy [87.6% (247/282)] were higher, and the specificity [77.6% (59/76)] were lower than the LR-5 standard of LI-RADS v2018 (χ2=20.045, P<0.001; χ2=5.633, P=0.018; χ2=16.056, P<0.001), and the Youden index (0.689) was also higher than the LR-5 standard of LI-RADS v2018. Conclusions:Based on Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI, the LI-RADS v2018 has higher sensitivity and accuracy in diagnosing HCC than v2017. Correct use can provide more objective diagnostic evidence for the clinic.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887972

ABSTRACT

This study summarized and analyzed the current acne-relieving Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of acne-relieving health products. The information on acne-relieving health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was retrieved,and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System V2. 5( TCMISS) were employed to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. Forty-three acne-relieving health products were obtained,including 40 ones containing Chinese herbal medicines. Six Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥8,with 61 times in use totally,including Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma( 13),Lonicerae Japonicae Flos( 12),Taraxaci Herba( 11),ALOE( 9),Carthami Flos( 8),and Rhei Radix et Rhizoma( 8). A total of 29 Chinese patent medicines with similar efficacy were collected in DRUGDATAEXPY. Nine Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥6,with 63 times in use,including Rhei Radix et Rhizoma( 10),Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma( 8),Scutellariae Radix( 8),Lonicerae Japonicae Flos( 7),Angelicae Sinensis Radix( 6),Paeoniae Radix Rubra( 6),Astragali Radix( 6),Paeoniae Radix Alba( 6),and Gardeniae Fructus( 6). Through unsupervised hierarchical entropy-based clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines,five and three new formulas were obtained,respectively. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories in relieving acne,i. e.,dispelling exterior wind,ventilating lungs,clearing heat,dissipating mass,promoting diuresis,relaxing bowels,removing toxin,activating blood,resolving stasis,eliminating phlegm,and regulating Qi. According to the " lung governing skin and body hair" and " interior-exterior relationship between lung and large intestine" in TCM theories,the idea that acne could be treated by relieving constipation was proposed,which provided new methods and references for the research and development of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887970

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the current Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines effective in boosting memory,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of memory-boosting health products. The information on memory-boosting health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was collected and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the TCMISS were used to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. A total of 212 memory-boosting health products were obtained from SAMR,including 83 ones containing Chinese medicinal materials. Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 8,with 151 times in use. In DRUGDATAEXPY,258 similar Chinese patent medicines were collected.Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 58,with 907 times in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropybased clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines separately,5 and 12 new formulas were obtained. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines for the new formulas was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,tonifying kidney and marrow,benefiting Qi,nourishing Yin,resolving phlegm,and eliminating stasis. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation of the users was conducted,and the formulas were designed following the correspondence of syndromes with formulas and Chinese herbal medicines. This study is expected to provide new ideas and methods for the development of Chinese medicinal health products and accurately guide practical applications to exert the advantages of TCM in health care based on syndrome differentiation and improve the effect of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Syndrome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885987

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of herb-partitioned moxibustion and ginger-partitioned moxibustion on the growth of colon tumors in rats with colitis-associated colon cancer (CACC), and explore the mechanism of moxibustion intervening CACC through the purinergic receptor P2X ligand-gated ion channel 7 (P2X7R)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway. Methods: A total of 26 male Sprague-Dawley rats were selected. According to the random number table method, 6 rats were selected as the normal group. The remaining 20 rats were injected intraperitoneally with azoxymethane (AOM) combined with oral dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to prepare the CACC model. After the model was successfully established, 2 rats were randomly selected for model identification. The remaining 18 rats which were successfully modeled were randomly divided into a model group, a herb-partitioned moxibustion group and a ginger-partitioned moxibustion group, with 6 rats in each group. Moxibustion intervention was performed in the herb-partitioned moxibustion group and the ginger-partitioned moxibustion group at Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). Moxibustion was performed twice at each point each time, once a day, at a 1-day interval after 6 consecutive interventions, for a total of 30 interventions. After intervention, the colon tumor load, pathological change and histopathological score were observed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of VEGF, P2X7R, phospho-STAT3 (p-STAT3), and nuclear factor-kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) proteins in rat colon tissue. Western blot was used to detect the levels of p-STAT3 and NF-κB p65 proteins in rat colon tissue. Results: Compared with the normal group, the colon tumor load and histopathological score in the model group were significantly increased (both P<0.001), and different grades of dysplasia were observed in colon tissue from the model group, reaching the degree of adenocarcinoma; the expression level of P2X7R protein in colon tissue was significantly decreased (P<0.001), and the expression levels of p-STAT3, NF-κB p65 and VEGF proteins were significantly increased (all P<0.001) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the colon tumor load, colon histopathological score and the levels of p-STAT3, NF-κB p65 and VEGF proteins in colon tissue were significantly decreased (all P<0.05) in the herb-partitioned moxibustion group and the ginger-partitioned moxibustion group while the expression levels of P2X7R protein in colon tissue were significantly increased (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Both herb-partitioned moxibustion and ginger-partitioned moxibustion can reduce the colon tumor load in CACC rats and delay the progression of colon adenomas. The mechanism may be mediated by the P2X7R/STAT3 pathway to inhibit STAT3 phosphorylation, thereby reducing VEGF protein expression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885638

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are fibrous structures released by neutrophils and the formation process is called NETosis. NETs participate in the host innate immunity. Recent research has found that NETs is a double-edged sword. Under normal conditions, the formation of NETs can play a role in clearing pathogens and maintain the host homeostasis. However, when NETs are overproduced or not cleared in time, they can take part in the pathogenesis of many diseases. This article reviewed the formation of NETs, the mechanisms involved in NETosis and the role of NETs in the secretion of multiple cytokines in different diseases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 591-596, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relaxometry and volumetric characteristics of the adults brain at different ages using synthetic MRI.Methods:A total of 107 healthy volunteers in Beijing Hospital from November 2017 to August 2018 were enrolled in this study. According to the age, they were divided into 20-39 years group (29 persons), 40-59 years group (31 persons), 60-79 years group (30 years), and ≥80 years (17 persons). All participants underwent synthetic MRI. Volumetric parameters including white matter volume, white matter fraction, the T 1 and T 2 relaxometry of white matter were obtained. Nonlinear regression analysis was conducted between these parameters and age. ANOVA test was performed to assess the difference of parameters among different age groups. Pearson correlation coefficients between white matter volume and the white matter T 1 and T 2 values were also calculated. Results:White matter volume (male and female separately), white matter fraction, the T 1 and T 2 relaxometry of white matter followed a second order polynomial relationship with age [ R2 =0.67(male), 0.42(female), 0.44, 0.52, 0.25, P<0.001] and the white matter volume of males had the best goodness of fit. Significant differences were observed in white matter volume (male and female separately), white matter fraction, T 1 and T 2 relaxometry of the white matter among four age groups ( P<0.05). The white matter volume of male and female negatively linearly correlated with the T 1 [ r =-0.69(male), -0.73(female), P<0.001)] and T 2 [ r=-0.50(male), -0.49(female), P<0.001] of white matter. Conclusion:Synthetic MRI has demonstrated potential in detecting white matter alterations of relaxometry and volumetry during the aging process.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between contact lens (CL) related dry eye and morphological changes of meibomian glands.Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed.A total of 157 consecutive subjects (314 eyes) to underwent refractive surgery from May 2014 to June 2015 in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital were included.The subjects wearing soft CL for a long time were divided into CL group (182 eyes of 91 subjects), while the subjects who never wore CL were divided into the control group (132 eyes of 66 subjects). The ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, tear meniscus height (TMH), first non-invasive tear film breakup time (fNIBUT), average non-invasive tear film breakup time (avNIBUT) and corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) score of all subjects were collected and analyzed.Morphological evaluation of meibomian glands were performed.The meibomian glands dropout ratio of upper eyelid, lower eyelid and total meibomian gland area as well as meibomian glands distortion number of the two groups were compared.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital (No.2014KY[L]-09). Written informed consent was obtained from each patients prior to any examination.Results:The OSDI score, CFS score, TMH, fNIBUT and avNIBUT were 16.67(10.00, 25.00), 13.88(7.50, 18.26), 0.20(0.17, 0.23) mm, 5.64(3.95, 7.92)s and 8.56(6.56, 12.12)s in CL group, respectively, while 13.88(7.50, 18.26), 1.00(0.00, 2.00), 0.22(0.17, 0.29) mm, 7.33(4.54, 13.21)s and 11.49(7.46, 17.83)s in the control group, respectively.Compared with the control group, the CL group had the higher OSDI score, higher CFS score, lower TMH, lower fNIBUT, lower avNIBUT, and the differences were significant (all at P<0.01). The MG dropout ratio and meibomian gland distortion number were (29.42±12.24)% and 4(3, 6) in CL group, respectively, while (20.37±10.83)% and 3(1, 4) in the control group, respectively.In comparison with the control group, the CL group had the higher MG dropout ratio and greater meibomian gland distortion number ( t=6.76, P<0.01; U=7 656.00, P<0.01). A positive correlation was found between the total meibomian gland area dropout ratio and duration of CL wearing ( rS=0.404, P<0.01), OSDI scores ( rS=0.275, P<0.01), CFS scores ( rS=0.319, P<0.01). Conclusions:Long-term wearing of CL can lead to severe ocular discomfort, dry eye syndrome and morphological alterations in meibomian gland, suggesting that morphological abnormality of meibomian gland is presumably associated with the occurrence of ocular discomfort and dry eye syndromes in CL wearers.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883064

ABSTRACT

Hyperphosphatemia is one of the common complications in maintenance hemodialysis patients and is closely related to cardiovascular disease and related death events. Therefore, the effective management of blood phosphorus is an important link to improve the prognosis of patients with maintenance hemodialysis. This study on maintenance hemodialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia 3Ds management including diet, along with the progress of dialysis and drug related nursing intervention were summarized, discuss how to reasonable dietary phosphorus limited, improve the efficiency of dialysis, and the correct use of problems still existing in phosphate binder, in order to reduce hyperphosphatemia to provide the reference for clinical nursing practice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of mechanical chest compression device in patients with cardiac arrest.Methods:The relevant literatures about mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation were systematically searched from China Knowledge Network (CNKI), VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science and other databases. The effective data were extracted and analyzed by RevMan5.3 software.Results:A total of 20 clinical studies involving 29 727 patients were included, of which 11 104 patients received mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and 18 623 patients received traditional manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The results of meta-analysis showed that mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation could not effectively improve the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate, admission survival rate, discharge survival rate and neurological prognosis in patients with cardiac arrest compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ROSC occurrence rate ( RR=1.10, 95% CI: 0.99-1.23, P<0.01), admission survival rate ( RR=1.01, 95% CI: 0.95-1.08, P=0.67), discharge survival rate ( RR=1.00, 95% CI: 0.86-1.15, P=0.14), and good neurological function rate ( RR=0.81, 95% CI: 0.61-1.06, P=0.69) showed no significant differences between the mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Conclusions:Mechanical chest compression device has no advantage compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not recommended to completely replace manual chest compression in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) for relapsed/refractory mediastinal B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL).Methods:One patient with relapsed/refractory mediastinal B-LBL treated with sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T who was admitted to Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology Tongji Medical College in March 2017 was reported. At 1, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after CAR-T therapy, the indicators of primary disease remission were monitored and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient relapsed and progressed after third-line chemotherapy, and then received sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T. In the course of cellular immunotherapy, the patient presented grade 1 cytokine release syndrome. After active treatment, the patient got stable condition and was discharged. The patient came to the hospital for regular review, and the mediastinal mass of the patient was dynamically followed up. After CAR-T therapy, the mediastinal mass of the patient was significantly reduced, and the patient was in continuous remission for 18 months.Conclusions:Sequential therapy of CD19 and CD22 CAR-T provides a new therapeutic approach for relapsed/refractory B-LBL. For patients with poor curative effect of conventional chemotherapy, CAR-T therapy should be actively performed as soon as possible to improve the remission rate and the long-term prognosis of patients.

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